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American telegraph. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1851-1851, May 21, 1851, Image 1

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VOL. I.?NO. 51.
ISi^rapl
WASHINGTON: WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, MAY 21, 1851.
PRICE 2 CENTS.
AMERICAN TELEGRAPH
PUBLISHED IE VERY AFTERNOON,
(EXCEPT SUNDAY,)
On 7th it., ojiponlte Odd-Fellows' Hall,
BY COWNOLLY, WIMEH & McGILL,
At Ten Cents a Week, or
TWO CENTS A SINGLE COPY.
To subscribe? served by the carriers, the paper will
be furnished regularly for ten cents per week, payable
weekly. MSt" To mail subscribers, $5 a year; $2 50 for
six mouths; $1, 25 for three month*; 50 cents a month.
No paper mailed unless paid for in advance, and discon
tinued vhen the term paid fbr expires.
CASH TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
Half square, (6 lines or less,) 25 oents for each insertion.
1 square,! insertion . $0 50 I 1
1 do 2 insertions 0 76
1 do 8 insertions 1 00
1 do 1 week.... 175
1 do 2 weeks ... 2 76
1 do 2 months .. 7 00
1 do 3 months .. 10 00
1 do 6 months.. 10 00
I do 1 year .... 30 00
Twelve lints (tor over six) make a square?longer adver
tisements in exact proportion.
Advertisers will please endeavor to send in their favors
before 11 o'clock, if possible.
To Hotel Proprietors and others.
THE DAILY REGISTER,
published DAILY DT
MOEAN A SICKELS, PHILADELPHIA,
IS circulated extensively among the Merchants of that
city, and travellers find it in all the Hotels, Steam
boats, and Kail road conveyances diverging from Phila
delphia. It contains a correct list of the names of those
persons arriving h.t the principal hotels daily, and conso
qileAtiy is the best means the Proprietors of Hotels in
oth*r (n'tin can Have for extending their bilsinesB among
the travelling public.
Messrs. Connolly, Wimer & McGill, Publishers of
the American. Telegraph, are the authorized ageuts for
Washington city. mar 24?tf
The Hew York and Liverpool United States Hail
Steamers.
The ships comprising this line are the?
ATLANTIC, Capt. West.
PACIFIC, Capt. Nye.
ARCTIC, Capt. Luce.
ADRIATIC, Capt. Grafton.
These ships, having been built by contract, expressly
for Government service, every care has been taken in their
construction, as also in their eugines, to insure strength
and speed, and their accommodations for passengers are
unequalled for elegance or comfort.
Price of passage from New York to Liverpool, $130; ex
clusive use ofcxtra size state rooms, $325; from Liverpool
to New York, ?35.
An experienced Surgeon will be attached to each ship.
No berth can be secured until paid for.
Xj* The owners of these ships will not be accountable
for gold, sliver, bullion, specie, jewelry, precious stones,
or metals, unless bills of lading are signed therefor, and
the value thereof therein expressed.
For freight and passage apply to
KDWARD K. COLLINS, 50 Wall st., N. Y.,orto
BROWN, SHIPLEY A CO., Liverpool.
E. O. ROBERTS A CO., 14, King's Arm Yard, London.
L. DRAPER, Jr., 8 Boulevard, Moatmartre, Paris,
mar 24?d
PhSaDELPUIA AND LIVERPOOL LINE OK
PACKETS?Sailing from Philadelphia on the 5tb,
and from Liverpool on tho 1st of every month.
Ship SHENANDOAH, Capt. Wm. H. West: Ship EU
ROPE, Captain William McDowoll; Ship MAItY PLEA
8ANTS, Capt. Ahthony Michaels.
The above first-claw ships are built of the best mate
rials, and commanded by experienced navigators.
D?e regard has been paid to select models for speed,
with cdirirort ftrr passengers.
Person* wishing to engage passage for their friends can
obtain certificates which will be good fbr olght months.
Those who wish to remit money can be accommodated
with drafts fqr ?1 sterling and upwards, at sight, without
disoount.
Goods for the continent will be forwarded free of ex
pense of commission, if addressed to James McHenry, No.
5, Temple Place, Liverpool.
GEORGE McIIENRY A CO.,
mar 24?d No. 37, Walnut street, Philadelphia.
PARKEVILLE HYDROPATHIC INSTITUTE.
i T a meeting of the Board of Managers of the Parke
J\_ rule Hydropathic Institute, held fifth month 15th,
I860, Joseph A. Weder, M. D., was unanimously elected
Resident Physician Va the place of Dr. Dexter, resigned.
Having made various improvement*, this iustilute is
now prepared tip receive an additional number of patients;
and from Dr. Weder's well-known skill and practical ex
pefiende in Europe, (acquired under Ylncenx Preissnitx,
the founder of the Hydropathic system,) and for several
years past iii this country, and particularly in the city of
Jf^Uftd?|L{*JUift, (where he has had many patients,) the Man
agers 'helieve the afflicted will find him an able and an
attentive physician.
The domestic department being under the charge of a
Steward and Matron, will enable the Doctor to devote to
the patients Whatever time may be necessary.
Application for admission to be made to
** SAMUEL WEBB, Secretary.
Ofllce No. 68 South Fourth street, residence No. 10 Lo
gan square, Philadelphia.
<Jmeral Description <\f the rurkevffle Ifydropalhic Institute.
The main building is throe stories high, standing back
from the street about one hundred foet, with a semicircu
lar grass plot in front, and contains thirty to forty rooms.
The grounds around the house are tastefully laid out with
walks and planted with trees, shrubs, Ac. On the left of
the entrance to these grounds is a cottage containing four
rooms, used by male patients as a bathing house, with
every convenience for "pat-king," bathing, Ac.; on the
right of the entrance, about two hundrol feet distant,
stands a similar oottage, used by the ladies for similar
purposes.
In the rear of the Institute, at the distance of one hun
dred fact, are three other cottages, some eighty feet apart.
One of these is the laundry, with a hydrant at the door;
the othdr two are occupied by the servants.
The hydrant water is introduced into these cottages as
well as into the main building, and all the waste water
carried off by drains under ground.
TBI WATER WORKS
Consist of a circular stone building, standing on the brow
of a hill, surmounted by a large oodar reservoir containinn
five hundred barrels, brought from a never-failing spring
of pure ">ld Water in the side of the hill, by "a hydraulic
fam," a self-acting machine of cast iron, that is kept con
stantly going, night and day, by the descent of the water
from the spring. The surplus water is carried from the
raswvqU.taa puutaln in tpc waterworks yard, surround
ed Dy weeping willows. In the first story of the water
works is a circular room, containing the douche bath,
which is a stream (ailing from a height of about thirty
feet, and can be varied In siie from half an inch to an
inch and a half in diameter. Adjoining the douche room
is a dressing room, with marble tables, Ac.; tho rising
douche (for the cure of piles, Ac.) is one of tho most com
pi*to contrivances of the kind, being entirely under the
cqntrol of the patient using the same
There are many other appliances, which can be better
understood by a personal examination. mar 21?
TO COUNTRY MERCHANTS.
FANCY AND STAPLE GOOD8.
MOULTON A Ci)., Successors to Jno. Falconer A Co.,
84 Cedar and 22 Pine streets. New York, invite mer
chants visiting New York city to their immense stock of
Foreign and Domestic, Fancy anil Staple Dry Goods.
Their stock Is entirely new, and, in addition, still recel re
by every steamer now and elegant styles, confined exc. u
sively to this house, consisting of every variety of Dn ss
Goods to be found in tho French, German. English, and
American markets, and at prices that wljl defy competitors.
Cash buyers and merchants generally will do well to
call and examine our stock, as our goods are adapted to
every section of the country, and we are resolved to spare
bo efforts to make it the interest of evory merchant to
faror us with their patronage.
JAMES S. MOULTON,
JAMES W. BAKDKK,
ZRNA8 NEWELL.
New York, March, 1851. mar 24?
VARNIIHBB, GUM COPALS, SPIIIITS, TURPENJ
TINK, AND AMERICAN LINgEKl) OIL.
60 cases Gum Copal, mod. and fine Zanzibar, Ac.
400 "bbls superior Coach Body, Carringe Oil Cloth Polish
ing, iHbwifig, He Wiping, Cabinet and Venitian Blind Var
nishes, Ntts. 1,'i. and 8.
10 bbl*. Sign and Graining Varnish.
6 do white flowing do
* do outside do do warranted.
6 do White do do for maps or whips.
10 do Trtin Varnish.
20 <H> "Painters' Japan.
l?2 do Rp^rits Turpentine, In glued bbls or half bbls.
1000 gallons American Linseed Oil.
10,000fbs. pnre White Lead, in oil, at manufacturers'
Jjrloes.
Also, Qttta Shellac, Sandrac, Litharge, Red Lead, Dry
White Lead, in 100 lb. kegs, wholesale and retail, at the
lowest market rates.
Persons purchasing the aWe will do woll to call and
examine for themselves.
H. B. Persons wanting Varnishes manufactured will
pltAM call, M the iiubfcriber is pyeparod to manufacture
?u wnds. , HfcN.r. c nonNOR,
No. 8 La Grange stfeet, running from Second to Third, be
tween Market and Arch streets, Phila. mar 24?tf ?
To Persons out of Employment.
NEW PICTORIAL WOItKS,
Just published by R. SKA HIS, and for sale at No. 128
Nassau street, Now York.
American oikt rooks for ism.?Agents are
wauted to circulate tho following new and Umutitul
works, (retail price, GO per vol.) A nuw aud complete
PICTORIAL, HISTORY OF CHINA AND INDIA;
with a descriptive account of those countries and their
inhabitants, from the earliest period of authentic history
to the present time. In which the editor has treated not
only or the historical events, but also of the manners,
customs, religion, literature, and domestic habits of the
people of those immense empires.
The embellishments are about two hundred, and of the
first order, Illustrating whatever is peculiar to the inhabi
tants, regarding their dress, domestic occupations, their
mode of agriculture, commercial pursuits, arts, Ac. They
are accurate, and each one has beeu made expressly for
the wurk.
The volume forms a large octavo, containing between
live and six hundred pages, printed in the best style, and
on good substantial white paper. It is furnished to agents,
handsomely bound in maslln, gilt, or leather, as the pur
chaser may prefer, at a very Hberal discount, when quan
tities of not less than twenty copies are ordered at one
time.
THRILLING INCIDENTS OF THE WARS OF TUB
UNITED STATES;
comprising the most striking and remarkable events of
the Revolution, the French war, the Tripolitau war, the
Indian war, tho second war with Great Britain, and the
Mexican war; with three hundred engravings! Retail
price, $2 50 pur volume. Orders respectfully solicited.
SEARS' PICTORIAL FAMILY PUBLICATIONS
are decidedly the bust books that agents can possibly em
ploy their time in supplying to the people of the United
States. They are valuable for reference, and should be
possessed by every family in this great republic. There is
not a city or town in those United States, not even those
of small importance, but contains many citizens to whom
these works are indispensable. They are adupted to the
literary wants of tho Cht-istian, the patriot, the statesman,
and tho domestic circle, got up in a superior style of art
and workmanship; and are not only such books as will
sell, but are such as an agent of good principle will tool
free to recommend, and willing to see the purchaser again
after they have been bought.
Oun Plan.?The plan the publisher bos so successfully
carried out for several years, is the obtaining responsible
men as agents, who are well known in their own counties,
towus, and villages, and have time and disposition to cir
culate good and instructive books among their neighbors
and friends. Any person wishing to ymbark In the enter
prise will risk little in sendi?g $25 or $50, for which ho
will receive an assortment as he may direct, at the whole
sale cash prices.
Enterprising and active men of respectability and good
address, would do well to engage in the salo of the above
volumes; and all postmasters, "clergymen, book pedlars,
and newspaper agents, are respectfully requested to act
as our agents. A handsome remuneration allowed to all
who engage in their sale. For particulars address, post
paid, ROBERT SEARS, 128 Nassau street, N. Y.
To publishers of newspapers throughout the United States:
Newspapers copying this advertisement entire, without
any alteration or abridgment, (includiug this uotice,) and
giving it a few inside insertions, shall receive a copy of
any of our $2 60 or $3 works, subject to their order, by
sending direct to the publisher. mar 24?
The Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat
Company
(ERICSSON LINE)
_ Jl ?' k Have resumed their operations for the
year with increased means of accommo
duting the trade between Philadelphia and Baltimore, in
the most regular and expeditious manner, and at their
form?r materially reduced jn-ices, being, on dry goods,
hardware, Ac., only 10 cents per 100 pounds, and but half
the price charged by other linos.
Persons wishing to avail themselves of the facilities and
moderate prices of the Line, are advised to give explicitand
positive directions for sending their goods to the Ericsson
Line, and they should be particular to possess themselves
of the receipts which are invariably given for their goods.
In those are stated the price charged for transportation;
and it will prove a protection against the double rates ex
acted by other linos, who have no published rates.
Goods destined for the West, South, or other places be
yond Baltimore, forwarded promptly on the day of their
arrival, with every carc and attention, free of all charge
whatever for this sorvice, in the shape of commissions or
otherwise.
New York.?Goods shipped from New York, or other
placcs eastward of that city, should bo distinctly con
signed to A. (Jroves, jr., Philadelphia, to insure their con
veyance by this Line.
Freight to or from Baltimore, as above, 10 cents per 100
pounds. Coarse freights taken at still less rates.
The established character and known reputation of this
company Is an ample guarantee to those disposed to con
fide their property to the care of the company.
One or more of the company's )>oats leaves Philadelphia
from tho upper side of Cnestnut street wharf every day,
(Sunday excepted,) at 3 o'clock, arriving in Baltimore
early next morning. Apply in Philadelphia to
A. GROVES, jr., Agent,
No. 19 South Wharves, above Chestnut st.
In like manner a boat leaves Baltimore, daily, (Sunday
excepted,) at half-past 2 o'clock.
Apply in Baltimore to
J. A. SI! RIVER. Agent, No. 3 Light st,
mar 24? near the Depot of the B. A 0. R. R.
New Yorlc India Rubber Warehome.
DIIODGMAN,27 Maiden l4ine and 60 Nassau street,
. (first corner from Broadway,) New York. Factory
foot of Twenty-fourth street, East River.
Merchants throughout the United States are respectfully
informed that my spring stock of India ltubberGoods will
Iks found far superior to any before offered, having be
stowod upon each individual article the benefit of my loug
experience in manufacturing, which enables mo to war
rant entire satisfaction.
Among tho most Important, T would call attention to
my extensive stock of Carriage Cloth, of all widths, from
3-1 to 0-4 inclusive, and made on the choicest drills and of
the best of gum. Purchasers will find that it will neither
crack, peel, nor become sticky, as is the case with much
that has been and continues to be sold in this city.
INDIA RUBBER CLOTHING,
Consisting of Coats, Cloaks, Capes, Pouches, Pants, Over
alls, Leggings, Boots, Caps., Ac., now so extensively worn
by farmers, physicians, drivers, sea captains, sailors, Ac.
Baptismal Pants, manufactured expressly for the clorgy.
Ladies' and Gentlemen'sOloves?a perfect (*re for chap
ped hands by wearing them for a short time, at the same
time bleaching and rendering them soft and delicate.
These Oloves are also much worn by Hatters, Tanners.
Masons, Ac., being a perfect protection against acid and
lime.
Machine Belting and Steam PuclHng,
In every variety, and cheaper and better than any thing
which can l>e substituted for either.
Also, a large stock of Overshoes, Garden and Engine
Hose, Whips, Horse Covers, Horse Fenders, Hoof Boots.
Beds. I.ife Preservers, Breast Pnmps, Syringes. Tobacco
Wallets. Finger Stalls, Paper Holders, Door Springs, Ac.,
Ac., besides an immense stock of
India Rubber Dalit,
and other fancy articles, such as Elastics, Dolls, Dogs, and
other animals of various kinds. Pure Rubber Cement for
hatters' use. All orders executed with despatch,
mar 24? D. HO 1X1 MAN.
STIMSOK & CO.'8
New York, New Orleans, and Mobile Express,
CONNECTING with the swiftest and most responsible
expresses between the principal towns in Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con
necticut, Lower Canada, New York State, Delaware, Penn
sylvania. Maryland, District of Columbia, Indiana, Ohio,
Illinois, tho Western States generally, the Mississippi and
Alabama river towns, and the prominent places in Geor
gia and the Carolinas.
Our facilities are so extensive and perfect that we can
sccure the safe and speedy transportation of freight,
trunks, packages, and valuable parcels, from one end ol
the country to the other, and between the most remote
points.
From our many years' experience in the express busi
ness, while connected with Messrs. Adams A Co., and our
numerous advantages in other respects, (not the least ot
which is tho confidence and patronage of the New York
community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to
give tho most entire satisfaction to our friends, the jewel
lers. bankers, and merchants generally.
We beg leave to call attention to our Calif imla Express
from New Orleans, and our Express between New Orleans
and Mobile.
Offices: St. Charles Hotel Building, New Orleans, and
19 Wall stroet, New York. mar 24?tf
NEW YOllK .TO U RNAIi OF MKDI
ciue and tlic Collateral Hclencr* for
March, 1R.11.?The Mart-h number of thlfc well estnl>
llshed journal is now before the public, containing original
communications from the following talented writers of the
Medical Profession: W. II. Van Buren, M. D., case of ova
rian tumor, In which death resulted from cntcro-pevltonltis
arising from a novel Cause, Illustrated by a plate; remarks
on tetanus, by Ewra P. Bonnet. Jl. D., of Connecticut; rup
t.uro of bladder, by J. Kneeland, M.D.; reports of hospital
cases, by F. D. I/ente, M. D., and othorg of much interest
by Dri. Sweat, Church, and Star.
The Foreign ami American Medical Retrospect is full
and complete; Bibli'urnphioal notice* of all the late Eng
lish and American Medical Work*, Ac.
Published every other month, at $3 per annum; cach
number oontaiuing 144 pages.
Specimen number sent to any part of the oouutry gratis,
on application, port paid, to ?? ?? HUDSON, Age tit,
mar 24?? r 89 Wall ?trwt, NfW York, .
Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Tools, Ac.
CHAHtKS 8. LITTLE, Importer and
^general dealer in English, (jcruuiu, und
, American Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Tools,
> 33 aud ;U Fulton street, opposite the
United States Hotel, New York, respectfully invited the
attention of Merchants, making their purchases, to his
very extensive assortment, comprising every tiling in the
Una, and to which new ami constant supplies are l>eiug
added. His variety of Tools is adapted to all the Various
branches of mechanics, es|*>cially Cooper* and Carpenters.
I articular attention given to all orders, all of which are
offered at the lowest market prices for cash or on approved
credit:
Cut and Wrought Nails, Locks and LatclieU
Knives and Forks, Pen and I'ocket Knives
Razors, Scissors and Shears, in great variety
Skates, Slates, Sleigh Hells, loose and strapped
8hovels, .Spades, Hoes, Forks, Scythes and Snathe*
Rifles, lilack Lead Pots, and Sand Crucibles
Pumps, for wells or cisterns; Force Pumps and Hydrau
lic ItftUlH
Aiues' i'ump, Augers and Runivers
Turkoy Oil Stone, dressed and undressed
Scotch Water of Ayr Stone, for marble polishers
Coopers' Tools, in great variety, of the most celebrated
manufacturers, Albertson, Conger, llorton, Barton, and
others '
Coachmakers' Tools
House and Ship Carpenters' Tools
Blacksmiths' Tools, Cabinet makers' Trimmings
House Bud Ship builders' Hardware
House furnishing Hardware, in great variety
Iron, Brass, Copper, and Steel wire
Oenuine Haarlem Oil, and Nuremberg Salve.
mar 24?
IRISH EMIGRANT SOCIETY!
Office, No. 1 Rcadc Street, New York.
IN consequence of the great number of complaints which
have for a long time been made by Emigrants, of frauds
committed upon thera in the sending of money to their
friends in Ireland, and to aid and protect the Emigrant,
tho Irish Emigrant Society established a fund, deposited
in the Hank of Ireland, upon which they draw drafts
payable at sight, at any of the branches of the Hank '
Persons residing out or tho city, by enclosing in a letter
the sum they wish forwarded, with the plainly written
direction to whom and where it is to be paid, will have the
same remitted.
There is a great advantage in purchasing the Society's
drafts?that the Bank has a branch in each of the princi
pal towns in Ireland, and thus the losses by discount, and
Otherwise, are avoided.
The Society keeps an office at No. 22 Spruce street, to
which Emigrants can apply to obtain situations for which
tney are fitted.
Orders from employors in the country, stating tho ser
vices required, the wages, and the chea]>cst modes of con
veyance, and giving a respectable reference, will meet with
prompt attention.
1 he Society will be thankful for all circumstantial and
early Information of any fraud, Imposition, or outraire
committed on Emigrants, and will endeavor speedily to
apply a remedy. OR KOOKY DILLON, President.
IIUOH KELLY, )
JAMES MATHEWS, U'ice Presidents.
JAMES REYBDRN, j
Edward C. Doxneliy, Corresponding Secretary.
Kieknan B. Daly, Recording Secretary.
Jobki'ii Stuart, Treasurer.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
Felix Ingoldsby, William Redmond,
William Watson, , Francis Mann,
John Manning, James Stuart,
Terence Donnelly, Stuart J. Mollan,
James 01 well, Cornelius H. Sheehan,
Charles M. Nanry, John Nicholson, mar 24?
?I. H. HAVENS, W. MYER, & CO.,
Inventors and Manufacturers of the Ethiopian and Fire
proof ltiinl, Wilmington, Clinton co., Ohio.
W MYERS, No. 319 Main street, near 8th, Cincinna
. ti, Ohio, to whom all orders must be addressed
The superiority of this paint over all other, for carriage,
house, and ship painting, will be seen in its rapid sale.
It is not over four months since this paint has been Intro
duced Into market, and our agent has been able to ordur
one hundred tons. The paint Is ground In oil, and put
up ready for use, from the finest black down to any shade
to suit the fancy.
Also, inventors and manufacturer* of Tenners' Black
ing. This article i? so universally approbated by all who
have used it, that it scarcely needs commendation. But
to give confidence to those who may not have tried it, we
would say that Z. C. Ryon, foreman to A. M. Taylor A Co
Columbia street, Cincinnati, has authorized us to use his
name as a recommendation to tanners in general. To all
who know Mr. Z. C. Ryon this would be sufficient; but all
tanners in the city and country, who have used it, have
granted us this privilege. If it were necessary we could
till a newspaper with testimonials; but where all who use
are pleased we deem it uncalled for.
pie Tanners' Blacking is put up in kegs containing six
gallons, ready for use, and will be sent to any point on
the canal, railroad, or river, at fifty cents per gallen.
All orders should be addressed, post paid, to
HAVENS a CARROL,
Wilmington, Clinton co., Ohio; or
J. II. HAVENS, Cincinnati.
Also, inventor* and manufacturers of a If'utcr-jironf
Blacking for Oil-cloth, that will reduce tho cost fifty per
o?jnt., and will soon be in market. mar 24
VUUtAN llODOKS A Co..
TMPORTERS AND JOBBERS, 68 Li?rrty street, New
1 ^ ork, (between Broadway aud Nassau,) are now re
ceiving a rich aud beautiful assortment of Fancy Silk and
Millinery Goods, to which we would particularly invite the
attention of all Cash Purchasers, and will make it an ob
ject for them to give us a call, as we arc determined to sell
our assortment, for Cash, lower than ever before offered in
this market.
Milliners can supply themselves with every article in
their line, at about the cost of Importation or Auction
prices. Many of our goods ore manufactured expressly
Tor our own Bale, and cannot be surpassed lor beauty or
low prices.
Rich Hat and Cap Ribbons, a large variety
Silks and Satin* for Bonnets
Embroidered Capos, Collars, Cuffs, and Chcml?ctts
Embroidered Fudging* and Inserting*, Swiss and Muslin
Threod, Brussels Valenciene, Silk, and lisle Thread
Lace*
Embroidered Reverie and Plain Linen Cambric Hkfs.
Gloves and Mite, Kid, Silk, Lisle Thread, and Sewimr
Silk *
Scarfs, Cravats, and Dress Hkfs.
Swiss, Jaconet, Book Muslins, and Bishop Lawn*
Embroidered, Damask, and Plain Canton Crape Shawls
A full assortment of Straw Good*
French and American Artificial Flower*
With a large variety not mentioned above.
All wishing to avoid paying long prices will m*ke mo
ney by calling and satisfying themselves, [mar 24?tf
SEED AND AOMOULTURAL WAREHOUSE, TOOLS.
Ac., Ac.?Wholksai.k and Rktaii.?No. 104 Market
Strert, Philadelphia.-?We offer to our friends and custo
mers the largest assortment of Agricultural Implements,
Harden Tool*, and Seeds ever offered in this market, con
sisting in part of the following, viz:
PKOUTY A MEARS' Patent Highest Premium Sclf
sharpeninr PLOUGHS, right aud left handed JSide Hill
Subsoil, or various sizes, of superior materials itnd work
manship, warranted to give satisfaction, or the money
returned. t)>ur JJighr.it /'reunions awarded to these
PLOUGHS at the New York State Fair for 1860. Also.
I leaches and Bar Share Plough*.
Spain's Improved Barrel Churn, constructed in such a
manner that the dasher may be removed from the inside
of tho Churn by simply un*crewing the handle from the
lasher.
Hay, Straw, and Com Stalk Cutter* in great variety,
imong which may lie found Harvey'* superior Premium
Straw Cntter, of every sine.
Also, Horse Powers, Threshing Machines, Fan Mills,
Corn Shelters, Cheese Presses, Seed Planters, Dirt Scrapers!
Sugar Mills, Ox Yokes and Bows, Turnip Drills, Horse
Rakes, drain Cradle*, Rxpanding and Extra Cultivators,
Harrows, Snathe, Scythes, Concaved Hoes, Spring tem
pered Cast Steel Oval and Square tiued Manure and Hay
Forks, Pruning Shears and Chisels. Beach and Bar Shear
Repairing Poeies and Costings, Peruvian, Patagonia and
Prepared Gunno, together with a complete assortment of
Gross, Garden, and Field Seed, all of which will be sold at
tho lowest possible prices, at 194]/, Market street, Phila
mar?4?tf PROUTY A BARRETT.
French and German Looking-Olasi Depot,
No. 75 Baltimore Street.
BARRATT A DKBKET. Carvers and Gilders, manuflic
tnrcrs of every variety of Plain and Ornaments!
Uioking-Glas* and Picture Frames, Window Cornices,
Brackets, Brocket Table*. Ceiling Monldlng*. Ac., Ac.
AI*o constantly on hand, a full assortment of Gilt and
Mahogany Framed looking Glasses. Old work re-gilt,
glasses inserts! In old Frames, Ac. Priced low and work
unsurpassed in beauty of flnlRti and durability by any
other establishment. The publie is respectfully invited
to examine our stock before purchasing elsewhere.
SCHIflBWntD h Co.,
IMPORTERS, No. 88 Market *treot, Philadelphia; No.
1 10?! Broadway, New York, are xiow receiving and offer
ror sale, at Market prices, on excellent assortment of the
following goods:
Cloths and Doeskin*, of Oevers A Schmidt, Sehnal*?r*,
Bock^huttnonn A Sehroeder, and others, consigned to
litem direct ftnra the umnufartaivrfl.
French, Swiss, and Oerman Silks! Fancy ond Staple
Ooods, of the best makes aijld stylo*, suitable ibrthe*pring
Aim, *ole agency t>r the United State*-of J. M. Coron
" Fancy Oilt ?nd Silk Buttons, and other fabrics,
mar *4?
AMERICAN TELEGRAPH
TIIE PARISIAN PENDULUM?MOTION OF
THE EARTH.
To the Editors of the A merican Telegraph.
Gjcmlkmen : 1 do not deem your correspon
dent, under the initials "J. T i," deserving
oi an answer at iny hands; but as you seem to
expect to hear from me in reply to his animad
versions in your paper of the 19th, I shall deign
to give him one passing and final notice. It
must be for higher quarry that I can hereafter
be stopped " in the noiseless tenor of my way,"
as it is but a waste of time unprofitably to con
tinue this discussion with "J. T i."
He assails me at the threshold for adopting
the signature of 41 Common Sense," feeling him
self, in tke high promptings of his overweening
ambition, exclusively entitled to the usufruct of
the term. Had I been aware that I was tres
passing upon another's patent-right or mono- I
poly, I would have resorted to a more unpre
tending name, or left my production anony
mous. For this breech of privilego on my part,
I am charged with the crime of forgery; but as
there is nothing in a name, I hope my ears are
in no danger of coming in contact with the pil
lory and pruning-knite, in consequence of the
charge. I could retaliate, were 1 so disposed
by accusing him of uttering adulterated coin'
and of counterfeiting her mnjesty the Queen's
English but I will be merciful in considera
tion of his candor in confessing that "it is only
since a short time that he commenced to under
stand English but it will be a long one, judg
ing from his specimen, before he ends success
fully. I beg leave to arrange liis sentence in a
more lucid order, thus: " it is only since a very
short time that I commenced to learn English ?"
recommending him, in the mean time, to sus
pend his labors in the field of natural philoso
phy, and to pay a little attention to syntax,
" or the right ordering of words in speech."
Ilis whole urticle is an undigested mass of
words, words," in which one may winnow a
peck of chaff before finding a grain of sense.
To his assumed right to the monopoly of com
mon sense, his claim to one more kind of sense
must be added?and that is nonsense!
Although his deficiency in the English lan
guage is too apparent to require a voluntary
confession, he more than compensates for that
loss by his great notoriety in the gift of other
tongues. He quotes Latin and Italian, and
could, no doubt, write -with equal facility in
high or low Dutch, which I should guess was
his vernacular tongue. He advises me to study
the elementary book of natural philosophy and
the nediments of astronomy, to prepare myself
the better to understand the grand exhibition,
intended to afford a practical lesson on these
sciences, that is to come off shortly at the great
hall of the Smithsonian Institution. Ashe seems
to speak as one by authority, I prestime we
must consider him as tl>e high priest in the
profound mysteries of that jjrand temple of
science. On that august occasion the spectacle
to be exhibited to the admiration of the favored
few is to be of so select and sublime a charac
ter as to afford "a worthy pastime to a higher
order of beings" than proud and boastful man !
If the holy angels are to be tempted by this ex
traordinary experiment to leave the refulgent I
circle that surrounds the throne t)f the Most
High, and descend to this "little O, the earth,"
(a mere speck in infinite space, scarcely visible
to the inhabitants of Jupiter or the other supe
rior planets,) and enter the great hall of the In
stitute, to enjoy the pastime of looking at the
vibration of a pendulum as it slowly swings to
and fro, over a circle of degrees marked on the
lever, we humble mortals will have to stand at
a respectable distance, and it would be the height
of presumption in us to think of joining the
company of such a superior order of beings.
It is the first time the inhabitants of Earth
have had it in their power to offer such a se
lect, intellectual treat to those of heaven ; and
in deference to the high officiating priest se
lected for that sublime occasion, it is to be ex
pected that a choir of ministering angels will,
like " winged messengers alighting on a heaven
kissing hill," descend upon the towers and bat
tlements of this most favored college, and wit
ness the interesting display in physics within
its walls; unless " proud man, invested with a
little brief authority, should play such fantastic
tricks before high heaven" as to cause them to
weep and take their flight to their happy home.
As the aforesaid writer has not conde
scended to afford us a specimen of his progress
in natural philosophy and the rudiments of me
chanics : as he has not offered a singlo argument
in support of his new theory of the earth's ro
tation?although, like all new converts, he shows
such a huge zeal in the cause?I feel no neces
sity, requiring at my hands any endeavor, to
advance a reason to prove a negative; or, that
this vibration of a pendulum does not establish
the fact of the earth's <7/nrnal revolution. I
will therefore conclude this article, ami all
correspondence on the subject, by giving the
writer's concluding sentence as an example, to
all students of logic, of conspicuous order,
clear and intelligent diction, and grammatical
construction; and, if he happen to be gifted with
the prophetic spirit of a sphynx, let him go to
work to unriddle it as he may :
"Until that day, your correspondent of the
loth, keeping his incogmto as 'Common Sense,'
might study from any elementary hook of natural
philosophy the rudiments of mechanics and
astronomy, to become ready and able, not ro dem
onstrate the fallacy of the trial, but to compre
hend its bearing. This shall prove for him the
only tray to sign his communications lawfully
with 'Common Sense,' or titiblushi/igly with lus
real name, if he should feel tempted evermore to
come forward again with any oracle.of his !!!"
Common Sknsjc.
Communication with Japan. ? We men
tioned some time since that a number of Japan
ese officers were taken from the wreck of a
junk, by an American vessel, and brought into
San Francisco. A correspondent of the Jour
nal of Commerce says that the United States
Government have ordered one of the vessels in
the Pacific to take these shipwrecked strangers
on board and convey them home, and thus avail i
themselves of the opportunity to renew the
attempt to open a negotiation with Japan, for
the establishment of a commercial intercourse, i
I'his, however, will be a difficult matter, as they
have hitherto refused all intercourse with the'
English and French; and, when visited by the 1
U. S. ship of the line Columbus, Commodore1 j
Diddle, in July, 1846, declined all negotiations, j
requesting him "to go away, and not return
any more."
Thriving.?An editoroutsomewhere on Lake
Michigan felicitates himself on an increased
prosperity and rapid growth of the place as fol
lows : " Trade and commerce arc rapidly in
creasing ; a schooner under full sail passed our
village yesterday."
[Communicated.]
A SABBATII AT THE PENITENTIARY.
A melancholy pleasure attends a Sabbath
visit to the Washington penitentiary. The no
cessity of walls, bars, and bolts, to protect so
ciety against any of its members, presents re
flections of deep melancholy. The supply 0f
?, ' clothing, and christian instructor, pro
vided lor those thus deprived of their liberty
either by crime or misfortune, modifies this
meluucholy by a degree of pleasure, by combin
ing kindness uml humanity with a accessary
rigor of treatment. J
I he foundation of the general regimen admin
istered at the ponitentiary for the District of
Columbia, by Mr. Ellis the warden, is evidently
kindness. By this kindness, not only submis
i sion but confidence is secured from the prison
i ers, under rigorous treatment and restricted
privileges. It was remarked that the warden
would scarcely apprehend danger from any one
of the culprits by sleeping in the same room
with him alone. He also remarked that, though
called by c.rcumstances to fill the place he then
occupied his sentiment still was, ? millions for
schools, but not a dollar for prisons."
The Sabbath exercises of the prison, under
the administration of Rev. Austin Gray the
chaplain are appropriate, impressive and sol
emn. The subject of his discourse and the
mode of presenting it, on an occasion recently
witnessod, were evidently well selected, as
shown by the attention and interest exhibited
through the entire exercises, embracing those
ot the Sabbath-school and of the pulpit. Wo
returned from a Sabbath visit to the peniten
tiary with the agreeable reflections, that while
the number character and appliances of schools
remain inadequate to the prevention of crime,
thus avoiding the necessity of prisons, it is a
source of gratification that they may be, and
are, conducted on principles of humanity and
christian kindness.
A Mine unijkr thk Ska.?The following de
scription of a visit to Botallack Copper Mine,
in England, is from a work recently published,'
entitled " Rambles beyond Railroads." Incom
plete mining equipment, with candles stuck by
lumps of clay to their felt hats, the travellers
have painfully descended, by perpendicular
ladders and along dripping-wet rock passages,
fathoms down into pitchy darkness ; the miner
who guides them calls a halt, and their exact
position with reference to the surface of the
" terraqueous globe" is thus described :
We are now four hundred yards out, under
the bottom of the sea.' and twenty fathoms, or a
hundred and twenty feet, below the sea level
Coast-trade vessels are sailing over our heads.
I wo hundred and forty feet beneath us men are
at work, and there are galleries deeper yet
even below that! The extraordinary position
down the face of the cliff, of the engines and
other works on the surface at Botallack, is now
explained. The mine is not excavated like other
mines under land, but under the sea !
Having communicated these particulars, tlic
miuer next te)ls us to keep strict silence and
listen Wo obey him, sitting speechless and
motionless. If the reader could only have be
held us how, dressed in our copper-colored gar
ments, huddled close together in a mere cleft of
subterranean rock, with a flame burning on our
iieads and darkness enveloping our limbs lie
must certainly have imagined, without any vio
ent stretch of fancy, that he was looking down
upon a conclave of gnomes.
After listening for a few moments, a distant,
unearthly noise becomes faintly audible?a
long, low, mysterious moaning, that never
changes that is felt on the ear as well naheird
by lU-a sound that might procecd from some
inca culable distance?from some far invisible
height a sound unlike any thing that is heard
on the upper ground, in the free air of heaven?
a sound so sublimely mournful and still, so
ghostly and impressive, when listened to in the
subterranean recesses of the earth, that we con
tinue instinctively to hold our peace, as if en
chanted by it, and think not of communicating
to each other the strange feeling and astonish
ment which it has inspired in us both from the
first.
At last the miner speaks again, and tells us
that what we hear is the sound of the surf lash
ing the rocks a hundred and twenty feet above
us, and of the waves that are breaking on the
beach beyond. The fide is now at the How,
and the sea is in no extraordinary state of agi
tation ; so the sound is low and distant just at
this period. But when storms are at their
height, when the ocean hurls mountain after
mountain of water on the cliffs, then the noise
is terrific ; the roaring heard down here in the
mine is so expressibly fierce and awful, that
the boldest men at work are afraid to continue
n labor?all ascend to the surface to breathe
upper air and stand on the firm earth ; dread
ing, though no catastrophe has ever happened
yet, that the sea will break in on them if they
remain in the cavern below.
Hearing this, we get up to look at the rock
above us. We are able to stand upright in
the position we now occupy?and, flrtting our
candles hither and thither in the darkness, can
see the bright pure copper streaking the' gal
lery in every direction. Lumps of ooze, of the
most lustrous green color, traversed by a natu
ral net-work of thin red veins of iron, appear
here and there in large, irregular patches, over
which water drips slowly and incessantly in
certain places. This is the salt water percola
ting through invisible crannies in thin continu
ous streams. Just over our heads we observe
a woodfen plug of the thickness of a man's leg ;
there is a hole here, and the plug is all that we
have to keep out the sea!
Immense wealth of metal is contained in the
roof of this gallery, throughout its whole
length; but it remains, and it will always re
main untouched ; the miners dare not take it,
for it is a great part of the rock which forms
the only protection against the sea, and which
has been so far worked away here, and its
thickness is limited to an averago of thrco feet
only between the water and the gallery in which
we now stand. No one knows what might be
the consequence of another day's labor with the
pickaxe on any part of it.
BtACKOtTARDS.?In all the great houses, but
particularly in royal residences, there were a
number of mean and dirty dependants, whose
o hce it was to attend the wood-yard, sculleries,
ivc. Of these (for in the lowest depth there is
a low^r still) the most forlorn wretches seem to
have been selected to carry coals to the kitchen.
halls, ,tc. To this smutty regiment, who
attended the progresses, and rode in the carts
with pots and kettles, which, with every other
article of furniture, were then moved from pal
ace to palace, the people in derision gave the
name of " blackguards''?a term since become
familiar, and never before properly explained.
[ Giffords Xotet to Ben Jotusorit Playt.
California, anu what it is to bk.?The
regularity au<l frequency with which we now
receive news from California have abated much
of the interest fit first felt in all that concerned
that wonderful portion of our Kepublio.
California, however, is only beginning to bo
of importance as a part of our Republic. The
influence it is destined to exert upon the pro
gress of American republicanism and American
commerce is but dimly foreshadowed by what
has already occurred, its real importance will
not be lully understood for years to come. Tho
stores of gold that may be gathered from its
sands and rocks are but a small part of its
value. Tho miners and speculators who now
seek for wealth*in its valleys are not the men
who will develope its great resources, or do
most in working out its destiny. These men
are but the forerunners of a better class who
will come after them. At present, many of
them appear to be rRther a curse than a bless
ing to the country, yet they are breakers-up of
the way; and out of tho evil good must come.
The unworthy must give place to the more wor
thy. This is the order of Providence, and it
will be fulfilled in this instance, as in all others.
Industry and settled life will take the place
of avaricious speculation and restless adventure.
Every day the new State will become more
closely allied and more nearly assimilated to
the States of the East. Communication by
railroad and telegraph will by-and-bye bo opened
up, and while its gold attracts and enriches the
commerce of the Atlantic, it will also be tho
great debouching point, from which civilization,
enterprise and comuicrce will spread them
selves over the wide waters of the Pacific, res
cuing China and Japan from the obscurity of
centuries, and spreading knowledge and liberty .
to tho farthest boundaries of the habitable
world.?Ar. }'. Sun.
California and its Representation.?Wo
have already stated that the present population
of California is about 814,000. By the United
States census, only such persons are enume
rated as were residents of the State in June
last, or almost a year ago ; and that enumera
tion, according to the California Courier, shows
that the population at that time did not exceed
100,000. So far, therefore, from California
being entitled to three representatives in Con
gress, she will bo fortunate if she gets two.
The ratio of representation will not vary much
from 95,000; this will give California one mem
ber, and leave a fraction of 05,000 over. As
some twelve States having the largest fractions
will be entitled each to one additional member,
California will probably retain, during the next
t?n years, her present representation, but no
thing more.
A young lawyer, named L. W. Pettibone, of
Delaware, Ohio, committed suicide in that town
on the morning of the l'ith, by shooting him
self through the head with a ritte. lie was in
good circumstances ; besides, he was engaged
to be married, and gave other evidences of be
! ing a sensible man ; and had he not, when found
I trimming some bullets, replied to a quere of
I one of his friends that he was going "to shoot
a fool, a d d fool," and then soon after did
do it, he still would have passed for sensible.
Virginia Central Railroad.?The last
Charlottesville Jefferaonian announces that the
railroad between that place and Staunton has
been all let out to contractors. That portion
between Charlottesville and the tunnel will be
finished by July, 1852.
A strike among the calcuderers and tappers
of Glasgow has taken place to the number of
HOO. The masters talk ol' training females to
the employment.
The Raleigh Jlrgixltr nominates Fillmore for
President, and Graham, of North Carolina, for
Vice President, in 1852.
There is in the interior of Borneo a numerous
and powerful race of cannibals?"perfect glut
tons in human flesh." They are represented,
however, as quite amiable and delicate in their
relations with each other.
It is a curious fact, that of Lord Dinorben's
tenantry, in the counties of Anglesea and Car
narvon, there is not a married pair; all nro
single, either old maids, bachelors, widows, or
widowers, together with a bachelor agent to
manage the whole. Malthusianism, indeed, is
here realized.
Whoever wishes to get on in the world has
I only to take lessons of h hen chasing a grass
hopper through a field. With long neck and
| peeled eyes, take a few hurried strides, stop
I short, peep over, peep nnder, now to the left,
j then to the right, one flutter?and you have
him.
On the 9th ult., the court-martial of Piacenza
I condemned nineteen banditti to death, and one
I to twenty years' imprisonment, with hard labor.
I Fifteen of the former were executed immedi
'ately; the punishment of the other four was
! commuted to twenty years of rarerre duro.
Arabs cultivate the feelingt, and are a nation
of bandits; they arc exceedingly generous, and
exceedingly hospitable, and exceedingly unjust;
they utter the noblest sentiments, and steal the
saddle from under you ; they talk of the mag
nanimity of the Bedouin, ami they cut your
throat.?Hulwcr'n Miscellanies.
Editor Wiiii'pbd.?.Mr. May, junior editor
of the Cleveland 1frrafrf, was whipped on the
13th, by J. Tiffany, esq., for remarks upon the
character and oonduct of the latter in connex
ion with the Spiritual llappings. Poor busi
ness, Mr. Tiffany, whatever the provocations.
Two antique Hons and a bull, all of enormous
size, have been sent to Kngland by Layard. Mr.
Layard had proceeded to Mosul, " not having
succeeded in his excavations at Babylon."
Tell me not of the pain of falsehood to the
1 slandered ! There is nothing so agonizing to
? tho fine skin of vanity, as the application of a
rough truth.~ liuhrer.
I The London Ihtihf AVw* publishes the names
of the exhibitors at the Grent Fair, with a list
of their contributions. They occupy some
thirty or forty solid columns of that paper.
News for Children.?Ten thousand fire
hundred bushels of pea-nuts have just arrived
in the brig Ottawa, from the river Gambia, in
Africa.
Why is a very angry man like a clock at
fifty-nine minutes past twelve ? Because ho is
ready to strike one.
Bulwer'8 letters to John Bull, esq., have
; passed immediately to a second edition.
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