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VOL. I-NO. 118.
WASHINGTON: FRIDAY AFTERNOON, AUGUSTS, 1851. PRICE 2 CENTS. AMERICAN TELEGRAPH PUBLISHED KVKKV AFTKHNOON, (?XCEPT 8UNDAT,) On 7tli at., opponltc Odd-Fellows' Hall, BY CONNOLLY, WIXEK * MoGILL, At Ten Cents a Week, or TWO CENTS A SINGLE COPT. To subaoriberii wsrvwl by the camera, the paper will be furnished regularly for ten cents per week, payable i weekly. 44" To mail subscribers, $5 a yoar; $'X 50 for wx mouths; $1 26 for three months; 60 oent* a month, i No paper mailed unless paid for in advanoe. and discon tinued when the term paid for expires. # CASH TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Half square, (6 linos or less,) 26 cents for each Insertion. 1 square, 1 insertion .(DM 1 square, 1 month... $4 00 " 1 do 2 moolhj.. 7 00 1 do 8 montha .. 10 00 1 do 6 months .. ltf 00 * _ , r, " -7- 1 d0 1 Tew .... 30 00 Twelve lines (or over six) make a square?longer adver tisements In exact proportion. ADyaarisiag will please endeavor to send In their favors before 11 o'clock, If possible. 1 do 2 insertions 0 76 1 do 8 insertions 1 00 1 do 1 week .... 1 76 1 do 2 weeks ... 2 76 General Emigration and Passage Office, No. 87 Burling Slip, New York, near fulton fbry. THE subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and the public, that his arrangements are such for bring' ing out and forwarding passengers to and from Liverpool by the old and favorite Black Star Lino of Packets, sailing to and from New York and Liverpool every week, as to ensure cheap and quick conveyances. The ships com prising this line are all new and first class packets, com manded by old and experienced commanders. Also, Agent for the Star Line of Glasgow Packets, sail ing every month. Also, Agent for the splendid Line of New York and Louisiana Line of New Orleans packets sailing every'week. Drafts at sight furnished for any amount on England, Ireland, and Scotland. THOS. H. O'BRIEN, mar 24? 37 Burling Slip, 2 doors from South st. The New York and Liverpool United States Mail Steamers. The ships comprising this line are the? ATLANTIC, Oapt. West. PACIFIC, Oapt. Nye. ARCTIC, Capt. Luce. ADRIATIC, Capt. Graitoa. These ships, having been built by contract, expressly for Government service, every care has been taken in their construction, as also in their engines, to insure strength and speed, and their accommodations for passengers are unequalled for elegance or oomfort. Prioe of passage from New York to Liverpool, 4130; ex clusive use of extra size state rooms, $326; from Liverpool to New York, ?36. An experienced Surgeon will be attached to each (hip. No berth can be secured until paid for. ^#*The owners of these ships will not be accountable for gold, stiver, bullion, Specie, Jewelry, precious stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are signed therefor, and j the value thereof therein expressed. For freight and passage apply to EDWARD K. COLLIN8, 66 Wall st., N. Y.,orto BROWN, SHIPLEY A C0? Liverpool. E. G. ROBERTS A CO., 14, King's Arm Yard, London. L. DRAPER, Jr., 8 Boulevard, Montmartre, Paris, mar 24?d PHILADELPHIA AND LIVERPOOL LINE OF j PACKKTS?Sailing from Philadelphia on the 6th, Liverpool on the 1st of every month. Ship SHENANDOAH, Capt. Wm. "H. West; Ship BO ROPE, Captain William McDowell; Ship MARY PLEA SANTS, Oapt. Anthony Michaels. The above first-class ships are built of the best mate rials, and commanded by experienced navigators. Due regard has been paid to select models for speed, with oomfort for passengers. Persons wishing to engage passage for their friends can obtain oortlflcates which will be good for eight months. Those who wish to remit money can be accommodated with drafts for ?1 sterling and upwards, at sight, Without discount. Goods for the continent will be forwarded free of ex pense of commission, if addressed to James McHenry, No. 6, Temple Place, Liverpool. " c GEORGE McHENRY A OO., mar 24?d No. 87, Walnnt street, Philadelphia. PARKEVILLE HYDROPATHIC INSTITUTE. AT a meeting of the Board of Managers of the Parke ville Hydropathic Institute, held fifth month 16th, 1850, Joseph A. Wader, M. D., was unanimously elected Resident l'hytician in the place of Dr. Dexter, resigned. Having made various improvements, this institute is now prepared to receive an additional number of patients; and from Dr. WOder's well-known skill and practical ex perience In Europe, (acquired unrtc Vincem Preissnlti, the founder of the Hydropathic system,) and for several years past m this country, and particularly In the eity of Philadelphia, (where he has had many patients,) the Man agers Itelieve the afflicted will find him an able and an attentive physician. The domestic department being under the charge of a Steward and Matron, will enable the Doctor to devote to the patients whatever time may be necessary. Application for admission to be made to SAMUEL WKUB, Secretary. Office No. 68 South Fourth street, residence No. 16 Lo gan square, Philadelphia. (Jermtai i*saripti>m of the PtrkerUle Hydropathic Institute.. The main building is throe stories high, standing back from the street about one hundred (set, with a semicircu lar grass plot in front, and contains thirty to forty rooms. The grounds around the house are tastefully laid out with walks and planted with trees, shrubs, Ac. Itn the left ol the entrance to these grounds is a cottage containing four rooms, used by male patients a* a bathing house, with every convenience for "packing," bathing, Ac.; on the right of the entrance, about two hundred feet distant, stands a similar cottage, used by the ladles for similar purposes. In the roar of the Institute, at the distance of one hun dred feet, are three ntlwr cottage*, some eighty feet apart. One of these is the laundry, with a hydrant at the door; the other two are occdpiod by tho servants. The hydrant water Is Introduced Into these cottages as well as into the main building, and all the waste water carried off by drains under ground. Till WATER WORKS Consist of a circular stone building, standing on the brow of a hill, surmounted by a large* cedar rewrvoir containing five humlrod barrels, brought from a never-tailing spring of puru cold water in the side of the hill, by "a hydraulic ram," a aeir-acting machine of cast Iron, that is kept con stantly going, night anil day, by the descent of the water from the spring. The surplus water Is carried from the reservoir to a fountain in the water-works yard, surround ed by weeping willow*. In the first story of the water works is a circular room, containing the douche bath, which is a stream foiling from a height of about thirty feet, and can be varied In sire from half an Inch to an Inch ami a half In diameter. Adjoining the douche room is a dressing room, with marble tables, Ac.; the rinng douche, (for the cure of piles, Ao.) Is one of the most com plete contrivances of the kind, bHng entirely under the control of tho patient using the same. There are many other appliance*, which can be better understood by a personal examination. mar f TO COUNTRY MBKCHANTST FANCY AND STAPLE GOODS. MOTXLTON A 00., Successors to Jwo. Falooxx* A 0o? SI Cedar and 22 Pine streets. New Vork, Invite mer chants visiting New York city to their Immense stock of Foreign and Domestic, Taney and Staple Dry Good*. Their stock Is entirely new and. In addition, still recel re by every steamer new and elegant styles, confined exc.u slvely to this house, consisting of efery variety of Driss Goods to be found In the French, German, English, jtad American markets, and at price* that will defy competitor*. Dash buyers and merchants generally will do well to call and examine oar stock, as our good* am adapted to every section of tho country, and we are resolved to spare no efforts to make it the Interest of eve.y merchant to favor us with their patronage. JAMES S. M0ULT05, JAMES W BARBKR, ZKNAS NEWELL. T New York, March, ISM. mar 24? VARNI8IIBS. GUM COI'ALS, SPIRITS, TURPKN, TINE, AND AMERICAN LINSEKD OIL. ' 60 casewfHim Copal, tiled. and fine fanrihar, Ac. 400 bhls superior Coaeh Body, Carriage (HI Cloth Polish ing, Flowing, Scraping, Cabinet and Venitlan Blind Var nishes, No*. 1, 2, and 3. 10 bhls. Sljcn and Graining Varnish. 6 do white (lowing do * '!* do warranted. do tor m.p, or whip*. 20 do Painters' Japan. * wKrAsastsiysr* ???" ">"? 10,000 Impure White Uad, in oil, at manufacturers' pnflo*. AI?o, Gum Shellac, Sandrac, Litharge, Red Lend Drr White Load, In 100 lb. keg*, wholesale and retail n't uZ iowei?t mirket r*t?*. ' Person* purchasing the abort will do well to call nnd ? ? a mine for themselves. NT W. WtWl* wanting Varntshee manufactured will please call, as the lubeerlbeT Is prepared to tmmufteture all kind* HfcNJ.O HORNOR, *o. 8 *k rUrnilng from Second to Third, h*. ftrarn Market and A rob streets, Phil* mar M?tf To J'ertont out of Employment. NEW PICTORIAL WORKS, Just published by B. SEA KM, and for sale at No. 128 Niuuutu street, New York. AMERICAN GIFT BOOKS FOB 1861.?Agents are oireulate the following new and beautiful wonts, (retail price, $2 60 per vol.) a uew auU complete PICTORIAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND INDIA; ?W ft dTc^ftiYB ???ount of those countries and their Inhabitants, from the earliest period of authentic history to the present time. In which the editor has treated not only of the historical events, but also of the manners, customg, religion, literature, and domestic habits of the people of those immense empires. The embellishments are about two hundred, and of the nrst order, illustrating whatever is peculiar to the Inhabi tants, regarding their dress, domestic occupations, their mode of agriculture, commercial pursuits, arts, 4c. They the worts** ettCil one b?en Eudl1 expressly for ?.IU17?!U,Se .""l" a ocUto> containing between W*- Panted in the beat style, and. on good substantial white paper. It is furnished to agents, handsomely bound in muslin, gilt, or leather, as the pu? ??feasor may prefer, at a very liberal discount, when o Jan titles of not less than twenty oopiea are ordered at one THRILLING INCIDENTS OP TIIH WARS OP TUB UNITED STATES; comprising the most striking and remarkable events of the Revolution, the French war, the Tripolltan war, the Indian war, the second war with Great Britain, and the ?Vxic*" *ttri with three hundred engravings I Be tail price, $2 60 per volume. Orders respectfully solicited. SEARS' PICTORIAL FAMILY PUBLICATIONS are decidedly the best books that agents can possibly em ploy their time In supplying to the people ofthe United atates. They are valuable for reference, and should be possessed by every family in this great republic. There is not a c ty or town in these United States, not even those or small importance, but contains many citizens to whom these works are indispensable. They are adapted to the literary wants of the Christian, the patriot, the statesman, and the domestic circle, got up in a superior stylo of art a n w.?4 ' ftn are not ooly such books as will sen, but are such as an agent of good principle will feel ? e to recommend, and willing to see the purchaser again alter they have been bought. Our PLAJr.-?The plan the publishor has so successfully cairied out for several years, is the obtaining responsible t-on as agents, vrho are well known in their own counties, -owns, and villages, and have time and disposition to cir culate good and Instructive books among their nelghburs and fronds. Any person wishing to embark In the enter prise will risk littie in sendiag $26 or $50, for which he will receive an assortment as he may direct, at the whole sale cash prices. Enterprising and active men of respectability and good address, would do well to engage in the sale of the above volumes; and ail postmasters, clergymen, book pedlars, and newspaper agents, are respectfully requested to act as our agents. A handsome remuneration allowed to all who engage in their sale. For particulars address, post paid, BOBEBT SEARS, US Nassau street?*. Y? To publishers of newspapers throughout the United States ? Newspapers copying this advertisement entire, without any alteration or abridgment, (including this notice,) and giving it a few inside insertions, shall receive a copy of any of our $2 60 or $3 works, subject to their order, by sending direct to the publisher. mar 21 The Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat Company _ (ERICSSON LINE) S&jg-gTTTTTjVIIave resumed their operations for the 53year with increased means of accommo dating Uie trade between Philadelphia and Baltimore, in manner, and at their former materially reduced prices, being, on dry goods. !h Ii'^l oa^ ^ P?" 100 pounds, and but hall the price charged by other liies. ' W m<vwS^r>Tii^nf.K. V,*11 thcul8elve' ofthe facilities anu if Une" ?** *dvUed to (five explicit and positive directions for sending their goods to the Ericsson nf"u! ^ particular to possess Ihemselve* of the reoeipte which are Invariably given for their goods. InrtWirf0 'Ute4 th* P^oe charged for transportation; aadjtwlllprove a protection against the double rates ex acted by other linos, who have no published rates th?,^e8t'8ouUl'or oUwr ** yond Baltimore, forwarded promptly on tie day of theii arrival, with every care and attention, free of all charge whatever for this service, in the shape of commissions oi otherwise. Niw Yo&k.?Goods shipped from New York, or other places eastward of that city, should be distinctly con signed to A. Gaovxs, jr., Philadelphia, to insure their con veyance by this Line. Freight to or from Baltimore, as above, 10 cent# per 100 pounds. Coarse freights taken at still less rates. The established character and known reputation of this company U an ample guarantee to those disposod to oou flde their property to the care ofthe company. One or more of the company's boat* leaves Philadelphia from the upper side of Chestnut street wharf every dav (Sunday excepted,) at 3 o'clock, arriving in Baltimore early next morning. Apply In Philadelphia to A. GBOTES, jr? Agent, 19 South Wharves, above ChestnuL si In like manner a boat leaves Baltimore, daily, (Sundav exoepted,) at half-past 2 o'clock. Apply in Baltimore to J. A. SIIRIVER, Agent, No. 3 Light si, m*r 24? "oar the Pq|>0t ofthe B. A 0. R. R. York India Bnbbtr Wui|ioMt> J Dl -?[GD0MAN,27 Maiden Lane and 60 Nassau street. *, J-1 oomer from Uroadwny,) New York. Factor, root of Twenty-fourth street, East River. Merchan ts throughout the United Stales are respectfully Informed that my spring stock of India Rubber <??ds will l>e found far superior to any before offer.*!, having be stowed upon each Individual article Uie benefit of my lorn, experience In msnufecturing, which enables me to war rant entire satisfaction. Among the most Important, I would call attention U "?>ok oT ninth, of all widths, from 1-4 to 6-4 inclusive, and made on the choicest drills and ol the best of gum. Purchasers will find that It will neithei rack, peel, nor become sticky, as is the ram with much that has been ami continues to be sold In this city. INDIA RUBREB CLOTHING, Consisting of Coats, Cloaks, Capes, Pouches, Pants, Over alls, Leggiugs, Boots, Caps, Ac., now so extensively worn by farmers, physicians, drivers, sea captains, mllors, Ac Baptismal l*ants, manufactured expressly for the clergy l.adles' and Gentlemen's Gloves?aperfl<ctcure for chap el hands by wearing them for a short time, at the same time bleaching and rendering them soft and delicate These Gloves are also much worn by flatters, Tanners Masons, Ac., being a perfect protection against acid and lime. Machine foiling and Steam lacking, in every variety, and cheaper and belter than any thing which can be substituted for either. of (>??,h<?'?. Garden and Engine Hose, Whips, Horse Covers, llurne Fenders, Hoof Boots.1 Beds, Life Preservers, Breast Pumps, Syringes, Tobacc., 8U1I',? P?P*r Holders, D<?r Springs, Ac.. Ac., besides an Immense stock of India Rubber Rath, and other fency articles, such as Elastics, DoUs, Dogs, and other animals of various kinds. Pnre Rubber Cement for hatters' nse. AH orders executed with despatch. n,,r24? l> HODGMAN. 8TIMSON A CO '8 New York, New Orleans, and Mobile Expmn, Z^IONNBOTING with the swiftest and most responsible \ J expresses between the principal towns in Maine. New llam|??hlre. Vermont. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con necUont, Lower Canada, New York State, Delaware, Penn IMstrict of Columbia, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, the Western States generally, the Mississippi and Msliaina rirer towns, and the prominent places In Geor gia and the Carolines. Our facilities are so extensive and perfect that we can secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight, trunks, packages, and valuable parcel", from one end of the country to the other, and between the most remote pointii. I I From our many years' experience in the express hnsi- I ness. while connected with Messrs Adams A Co., and our numerous advantage* In other respects, (not the least ot which Is the confidence ami patronage of the ISew York community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to give the most entire satlsfection to our friends, the jewel Icrs, hankers, and merchants generally. We beg leave to call attention to our California Express from Haw Orleans, and our Express between New Orleans ana MobilAt i ?8t ?C^lkrIe" Building, New Orleans, and 19 Wall street, New York. mar 24 tf HlBW YORK JOHR5AL OF MEDI Maseh'llll ' tI! r'olU,*rt' *?<?*??? ft?r .. uV. ' 7, ~T r M*rr,h number of this well sstal It shea journal Ifl now bofbfQ the public. rontairiinir orlcrina! communications from the following talented writers ofthe Medical Profession: W. H. Van Ruren, M. D., case of ova rian tumor, In which death resulted from entero-perltonlti? srising from a novel cause.Illustrated bra plate; remark" on tetanus, by Exra P. Rennet. M. R., ofOonnsrtlcnt; mp ture of bla<lder, by J. Kneeland, MR.; imports of hospital <*a?es, by P. R. I<ente. M. R., and others or much Interest, hy Drs. Rweat, Chnrch, and Star. The Foreign and American Medical Retrospect Is full and complete; Bibliographical notices of all the late Eng lish and American Medical works, Ac. PwWished every other month, at ?3 per annum; each number containing 144 psgM. fpooimen ?number ?ent to any part of the country gratis nn "PP^tfeti.poft paid,to ft r. mro*ON, A^errt" ^ m Wall?tm?,fcrw N' IRISH EMIGRANT SOCIETY. Office, No. 1 lieadf Strut, New York. IN consequence of the great number of complaint* which have for along time been wade by Emigrant*, of frauds committed upon them in the Bending of money to t friends in Ireland, and to aid and protect the Emigrant, the Irish Emigrant Society established a fund, deposited in the Bank of Ireland, upon which they draw drafts, payable at sight, at any of the brandies of the Bank. l'eroons residing out of the city, by enclosing in a letter the sum they wish forwarded, with the plainly written direction to whom and where it is to b? paid, will have the same remitted. There is a great advantage In purchasing the Society's drafts?that the Bank has a branch in each of the princi pal towns in Ireland, and thus the losses by discount, and otherwise, are avoided. The 8oclety keeps an office at No. 22 Spruce street, to which Emigrants can apply to obtain situations for which they are fitted. Orders from employers in the country, stating the ser rloes required, the wages, and Uie cheapest modes of con veyance, and giving a respectable reference, will meet with prompt attention. ? The Society will be thankful for all circumstantial and early information of any fraud, imposition, or outrairo committed on Emigrants, and will endeavor speedily to apply a remedy. GREGORY VILLON, President. HUGH KELLY, ) JAMES MATHEWS, Wice lTeeidente. JAMES RJSYBURN, j Edward 0. Donmelly, Corresponding Secretary. Kurnam B. Daly, Recording Secretary. Joseph Stuart, Treasurer. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. Felix Ingoldsby, William Kcdmond. William Watson, Francis Mann, John Manning, James Stuart, Terence Donnelly, Stuart J. Mollan, James Olwell, Cornelius U. Sheehan, Charles M. Nanry, John Nicholson, mar 24? Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Toola, Ac! CHARLES 8. LITTLE, Impqrtbr and ngeneral dealer in English, German, and t, American Hardware, Cutlery, Edgo Tools. Ac., 33 and 34 Fulton street, opposite the United States Hotel, New York,- respectfully invites the attention of Merchants, making tlieir purchases, to his very extensive assortment, comprising every thing in the line, and to which new and constant supplies aw being added. His variety of Tools is adapted to all the various b?nchcK of mechanics, especially Coopers and Carpenters. I articular attention given to all orders, all of which are offered at tlie lowest market prices for cash or on approved credit: rr Out and Wrought Nails, Locks and Latehets Knives and Forks, Pen and Pocket Knives Razors, Scissors and Shears, in great variety Skates, Slates, Sleigh Bells, loose and strapped Shovels, Spades, Hoes, Forks, Scythes and Snathes Rifles, Black Lead Pots, and Sand Crucibles Pumps, for wells or cisterns; Force Pumps and Hydrau lic Rams Ames' Pump, Augers and Runivers Turkey Oil Stone, dressed and undressed Scotch W ater of Ayr Stone, for marble polishers Coopers' Tools, in great variety, of the most celebrated manufacturers, Albertson, Conger, Horton, Barton, and others ' ' Coachmakers' Tools House and Ship Carpenters' Toola Blacksmiths' Tools, Cabinet makers' Trimmings Iionse and Ship builders' Hardware House furnishing Hardware, in great variety Iron, Brass, Copper, and Steel wire I Genuine Haarlem Oil. and Nuremberg Salve. mar 24? i J. H. HAVENS, W. MYErT* CO., Inventors and Manufacturers of the Ethiopian and Pirc jrroof Ptiint, Wilmington, Clinton CO., Ohio. W 319 Main street, near 8th, Cindnna- | TT ? tl, Ohio, to whom all onleri mvut be addressed The superiority of this paint over all other, for oarriaite, house, and ship painting, will he Been In Its rapid sale .OTer TL rtn<* thl" peint has been lntro ,J"?^ ?? Meet has been able to order one hundred ton*. The paint is ground in oil, and put up ready for nse, from the finest black down to any pliode to nut th# fancy. Atj*^i,UTe,lt"r* *n<1 Iun?Mtamof Tanners' Biack >ng. Tbi? article is so universally approbated by all who liave used it, that it scarcely needs com mends tion. But to give confidence to those who may not have tried it, we would say that Z.G. Ryon, foreman to A. M. Taylor A Co.. Columbia street, Cincinnati, has authorixed us* to use hie name as a recommendation to tenners in general. To all who knew Mr. Z. C. Ryon this would be sufficient; but al) tanners In the city and country, who have used It, have I 'tranted us this privilege. If it were neceasary we could .11 a newspaper with testimonials; but where all who use ire pleased we deem it uncalled for. The Tanners' Blacking ia put up In kega containing six gallons, ready for use, and will, be sent to any point on . r,*n\L' r*11.road, or river, at fifty cents per gaUen. All orders should be addressed, post paid, to HAVENS 1 CARROL, Wilmington, Clinton co., Ohio; or I .. , J- H. HAVENS,Cincinnati. Also, inventors and manufacturers of a Wah.r-nroof IIlacking ferr Oil-cMh, that will reduce the oost fifty per <'ent., and will soon he in market. mar 24 FREEMAN HODGES A C0~ TMPORTERS AND JOBBERS, 68 Llbxrty strkft. New ".Jf0**' 0K'l*een Broadway and Nassau,) are now re * "Oh beautiful assortment of Fancy Silk and HilUuery GowU, to which we would particularly invite Uie attention of all Cash Purchasers, and will make It an ol> lect for Uitnu to give us a call, as we are determined to sell our assortment, for Cash, lower Uiaa ever before oflered in t nt* marX^t. Milliner, can irapplt Uu-mselve* with every article In tpelr line, at about the cost of Importation or Auction prices. Many of our goods are manufactured expremly | ?"|j ^wn ""Je' aDd ??** be surpassed lor beauty or Rich Hat and Cap Ribbons, a large variety Silks and Satins il* Donnnts Kmbn iden-d Capes, Collars, Cuffs, aad Chemisetis Embroidered Edgings and Inserting?!, 8wiss snd Muslin Thread, Brussels Valenriene, Silk, and Lisle Thread Ijaces Embroidered Reverie and Plain Linen Cambric Hkfli Silk * Mld M1U' KW' PiIk' LW? Thread, and Sewing Scarf*, Cravats, and Dress TTkft. Swiss, Jaconet, Book Muslins, and Bishop Lawns Emhroidered, Damask, and Plain Canton Crape Shawls A full assortment of Straw Ooods French and American Artificial Flowers With a large variety not mentioned above. All wishing to avoid paying long prices will make mo ney by calling and satisfying themselves, [mar 24?tf SEED AfcD AGRICULTURAL WARErWsE.'nWLS Ao.. Ac.?WnouuHiji A!tt? H*rui,?No. IN 'i MnrkH Mrrtl, rhiladtlphia.?We offer to our friends and custo mers the largest assortment of Agricultural Implement*, (unlet! Tools, and Seed- over offered in this market, ron drting In part of the following, viss PROL'TY A MEARS' Patent Highest Premium Self diarpening PLOUGHS, right and left handed Side IliU I SuImoIK of various slim, of superior materiel* stad work manship, warranted to give satisfaction, or the money returned, fbur Hi#hut JYrmiunt awardeil to these I PLOUGHS at the New York State Fair for 1R60. Also | I leaches anil Bar Share Ploughs. Spain's Improved Barrel Olurn, constructed In such a manner that the dasher may he removed from tlte Inside of the Churn by simply unscrewing the handle from the lasher. Hay. Straw, and Com Stalk Cntters In great variety. among which may be found Harvey's superior Premium Straw Cutter, of every st*e Also, Horse Powers, Threshing Machines, Fan MUls. Oorn Shelters. Cheese Presses, Seed Planters, IHrt Scrapers -*ugsr Mills, Ox Yokes snd Bows, Turnip Drills, Horse Rakes. OnUn Cradles, Expanding and Extra Cultivators. Harrows, Snathe, flevthee, Concaved Hoes, Spring tem <&?* and Square fined Manure snd Hay Forks. Pruning Shears and Chisels, Reach and Bar Shear Repairing Pedes and CasUngs, Peruvian, Patagonia and Prepared Guano, together with a complete assortment of Grass, Garden. and Field Seed, all of whleh will be sold at the lowest possible prices, at 194U Market street, Phila. mar24-V I'ROVTY A BARRETT. French and German Looking-Gla?? Depot, No. 75 Baltimore Street. 1 )ARRATX A DKHKKT. Carvers and (lllders, msnufkc 1 > turers of every variety of Plain and Ornamental liOOking-Gless and Picture Frames, Window Cornices. Brackets, Bracket Tables, Celling Mouldings Ac., Ac Also oonstantly on hand, a full assortment of Gilt snd Mahogany Framed Looking 01*me*. Old work re-gilt. glasses Inserted In old Frames, ka. Prices )ow and work tingurpsssed In beauty of finish and durability by any other establishment. The public Is respectfully lnyiU-d to examine onr stock before pnrohashig elsewhere. 80HNIKWINI) k 00 . TMuwnnj^f' N?vR8 street, Philadelphia; No. * ,0a N'w vare now receiving and offer for sale, at Market prices, an excellent assortrvent of the following goods: -5U2S! Qevers A Schmidt, Sohnsl-el s, ,\j8c'lrow,er, Ml others, conslgne.1 to them direct from the manufacturers t'wman Silks, Fancy and Staple Good., of the best makes and ityles, suiuble for the ^rtog . 5s1' *f?>cy for the United States of J. M. OMon mx'n"07 QiIt 8U* Button, and other fWhri^a AMERICAN TELEGRAPH For the American Twlfgraph. NOTES ON NEW MEXICO?No. 17. BY HENRY HARDY. Though the immediate vicinity of the high way out of Sauta Fe, save the few farms of which I have spoken, is sterile and wretched to a proverb, yet the scenery in the distance, nearly all rouud the compass, partakes of the picturesque in a high degree. Look which way you will, you are hemmed in by misty moun tains, each having its own distinct and impres sive individuality. JBo large is the scale of the panorama of which you are the centre, that you travel for hours without seeming to affect your distance from thoBe great masses tbat frown down upon?thft subjacent plains. for many miles lifter leaving these mighty walls of Nature, you really appear rather to approxi mate than to retreat from thorn?the illusion arising, as I (suppose, from the greater breadth of view consequent upon beholding not so much the little details of the country about the moun tain-foot, as a great region in which the moun tain assumes a truer proportion. And then again, there may be something in the exceeding pureness of the air, which would seem to act upon the apparent distance, like the water of a pool in a crystal stream, suggesting a propin quity of bottom to top much beyond what is reolly the case. The Sandia mountain is not less than sev enty miles from Santa Fe, and yet at ten miles from the town it would not be set down by an inexperienced traveller at larther off than four or five, to such a degree does space in that country seem to be annihilated. Below this mighty and frowning masa of eternal adamant runs a parallel range of low, that is to say, ot lower mountains, looking very much like a rank of small boys standing in front of a body of brawny and stalwart men. This lower range, running off in detached masses, each partaking considerably of the conical form, is called the Gold Mountains, being the locale of the placers, which some years ago engaged the busy atten tion of the New Mexicans. The gold found in these mountains is very pure, though not yet discovered in Bulficieutplenty to make the steady search for it an object with Americans. Al though we hear the mineral wealth of New Mexico much talked about, and even the sands of Santa Fe streets credited with an admixture of gold dust, yet no mining investments on a large scale have hitherto proved profitable. An enterprising American the year before last opened a mine at very considerable cost, and attended well to its necessary operations, but he closed it after some months, not being able to do more than just clear expenses. I think it quite likely that in a region so obviously volcanic, discoveries will lrom time to time bo made, but at present no inducement is held out to mining enterprise. Not only gold but silver, aud others of the baser metals, have beeu found in greater or less abuudance; but nothing in the mining way i? now going on. It is evident that iron must exist in inexhaustible quantities throughout the country traversed by the Raton mountains, and the detached eleva tions scattered over the region east of ^ew Mexico for two or three hundred miles from its inhabited border. I have been told that the mountain 1 noticed before, under the name of the Buffalo Mound, consists almost wholly of iron stone; I know that the ribbed heights of the plains all around it do. Much of this stone has the appearance of exceedingly pure iron ore, though lrom the utter absence of wood or | coal (for any thing yet known of the latter) in I the neighborhood, there would seem to be no means for working it. | After travelling a number of miles, which I should calculate by the elements of time and rate of going to be nbout seventeen, we ar rived at n fork in the road, and, as it was after nightfall, determined to put up atanwicA? i hard by on the left, which is often used by tra I vellers as a stopping place. Its proprietor is a Mexican of the better class, named Delgado, and tuBnoe the plaoe goes by the name of ranch*. The uncle of this man lives at a raur.ht on the brow of an opposite hill, a mile and a half off, separated by a narrow valley, threaded by a meandering rill, which glories in the title of El Rio Chicito. Our host's establish ment was quite extensive, and being a fair specimen of tlie better sort of habitations I will somewhat minutely describe it. His residence consisted of a largo adobe square structure, with a suite of large and, internally, really tine rooms, quite comfortable at all seasons, being cool in warm weather and warm in cold. The house is entered through a spacious portal facing southeast, and its first room is a large tola or lobby, perhaps fifty feet long by twenty wide, which is used for various farm and family purposes. In it you will see chests, trunks, scythes, troughs, with sundry other farm and household utensils, stowed away in the corners or set nlong the wbIIs, with hdre and there a heap of ear or shelled corn untidily strewed about. Overhead you will ordinarily see, and sometimes encounter with your hat, festoons of sausages, chitterlings or muggets, hanging from the rafters in various str.ges of desiccation. Pieces of mutton, beef, or goat's flesh also adorn the overhead region, interspersed with bunches of garlic, onions and the pods of the perpetual chili Colorado, or red pepper. The lobby is some times used, amongst other things, as the dairy room ; and then, what with the smell of sour goat's milk, mingled with the aroma of garlic, and the sundry odorifics I have hinted at above? none of them looking a bit too clean?the reader may be sure that one must have a stomach al most as strong as a Mexican's to keep the gorge in tolerable submission. For months after I made acquaintance with the peculiar odor thus compounded, I held a recollection of it so dis tinct that when brought^ any circumstance to my memory, my st<>uiaoh would undergo a spasm of ntiusoa. Leaving the sala, you ont^r on tho one hand tho family sitting and dining room?on the other, the cocina, or kitchen. On the other aide of the main building is a room opening Out ward into a second portal, and running the whole breadth of the house. On the walls of this room are hung many pictures, engravings, and samples of needle-work, havihg for their subject the figures of the Saviour, the Santuima Yirgm, the Apostles, and other venerated per sonages. This is the room in which ma?s is performed at the occasional visits of the 1 adre. The walls nre whitened with a wash of yetio, or selenito, which becomes calcined by a slight baking. As this easily rubs off, the walls in the better rooms are generally covered to the height of tome six feet with cheap calico, of the staring, or bed-curtain patterns. The rafters are generally bare, and often exhibit in their intetttices a filling-in of eottonwood sticks, of the rods of the sage-bnsh, to keep the super incumbent earth of which the roof consists from falling through. In those rooius which have a fireplace it is situated immediately in one of the angles, but does not on that account the less perfectly warm and ventilate the ro?Il,< Indeed, the interior of a well-furnished Mexl" can parlor is one of the moat comfortable o shelters, no matter how chill and cutting migut be the wind or weather out of doors. The Senores Delgado have quite a valuable property in the little valley between their re Hpective dwellings. It is capable of being irri gated, and thus gives them grass, wheat and corn, with some peaches and other fruits. Around the bouse are a number of patriarchal cottonwood trees, whose arms cast a protecting shade over its Penates. But they have a great distance to travel to get fire-stuff; 1 think was told it some eighteen or twenty miles, I not nearer thau the mounUins, or the cedar skirted side? of the great canon between the ranch and Pena Blajica, situated near the bank of the Del Norte, fifteen or twenty miles oil. the expense of supper, breakfast and lodging for three, (we findiug nearly all except eggs and chili,) and a bundle or two of corn-fodder for our mules, was six dollars. Perhaps it was not dear, considering the country we were in, though in the United States one dollar would have been a good remuneration for all wo got. From Senor Delgado's, two roads are open to the traveller down the Kio Abajo. The one lies over the high table-land on the lelt, the other follows the canon formed by the ltiu Chicito. This is not always the same stream that runs from Santa Fe?for the Kio Chicito there often dries up a few miles below the city? but is what in time of freshets is formed by a junction of the Santa Fe with a stream rising m the high lands to the southeast, and unitedly runs to the Rio Grande. It is surprising what an ele ment of cheerfulness is afforded the voyager in this arid clime, where the greenest things are the prickly pear and hirsute cactus, and oc casionally the cedar-bush, by a little busy bab bling stream, such as meanders along this vast ravine. By its means alone can animal or vegetable life be sustained, and hence it is that far down the canon, on every spot capable o affording even a scanty subsistence, huts are posited, giving a homo to one or more fami ich of the paisanuge. On the right bank of the Btream, and about seven miles below Delgado's, is an ancient looking adoberbuilt church, for the accommo dation of the neighborhood. It has a desolate, woful look, and I believe has a sad history con nected with it, telling of Indian surprises, and priests ruthlessly murdered whilst officiating a the altar. ? The Presidential Tour.?The t harlestown Free Press of Thursday gives an account of the reception of their distinguished guests in that region on Tuesday. " The Mayor of Harper's Ferry, accompanied by other members of the corporation, left for the Point of Rock* to escort the President of the United States, who had left Washington .in the earliest train. On arrival at the Ferry, 1 amid the discharge of cannon, the Executive was met by a deputation from Charlestown, as an escort to our county seat, and to make known the facilities of reaching the Shamiondale Springs in the afternoon. , ? The President, accompanied by the secre tary of War and the Secretory of the Interior, together with Mr. Corcoran, of Washington, wert very courteously received by Major Sy mington and Major lluger, and shown through the armory and over the public grounds. " On arriving at Charlestown, which was eai - lier than expected by the citizens, (who chiefly engaged at their meals) the sound ot the whistle caused a large assemblage near the de pot?and as the carriages drew up and received the President and hiB company, three cheers were given for him and for the Secretaries re spectively,; and the cortege drew up a t Sappmg ton's hotel, where, without alighting, the 1 resi dent received the salutations of many of our citizens, and exchanged nods with the little boys who seemed to think that he might return when they could not get as near to him as the i widths of the pavement. The baggage collected, i the whole moved off at a sober paoc to the Springs, where hundreds were already assem bled from the surrounding country, and where in a short time the President and those who ? had not already dined sat down to a fine dinner amfd the strains of music. "After dinned,'which was despatched with out either speeches or toasta, (as bad been pre viously understood,) the ladies were introduced to the President and his suite. '? In the evening, the ball at the Springs was numerously attended. The scene was all gaiety. The President left the room after a few hours, but the dancing was kept up to an early hour in the morning ?'On Wednesday morning the President was waited upon by a committee of thirty gentle men of tho town of Winchester, consisting of i the mayor, recorder, president of the common council, and others having been appointed by the civil authorities of the town to wait on him at Shannondale. They were received by the President and his Secretaries in the ladies par lor. The room was filled with ladies, ami the i passages and windows thronged with gf"tle men. The chairman of the committee, William L. Clark, esq., addressed tho President substan tially An the following terms: ii i Jfr. President and Gentlemen of the. Celt net ? 44 41 am deputed by a committee appointed by the civil authorities of the town of Winches ter to communicate to you the resolutions of in vitation and welcome to their town. In per forming this grateful office, I take pjeasurt in , savin* that those resolutions arc a full reflec tion of the public sehtiment. The citizens of Winchester will hail with patriotic pride your presence, sir, among them, as the Chief Maps trate of this great republic, with that ot your cabinet officers. They will evince to you and then, their high admiration and regard. And in proffering to you, air, and to them, the lios totalities of their homes, they only anticipate a sentiment which will rise up to meet you wher ever you may be pleased to travel through this ancient and venerable Commonwealth. ??To which the President in substance re Pl,? ? I accept, air, with the expression of thanks for myself and my official associates here, these kind expressions of sentiment from the town o Winchester. It will afford us great pleasure to visit yonr ancient, town and mingle with citizens. It is well known as long the residence of Washington, and as the spot where repow the ashes of one of the heroes of Bevoli tion. I allnde to Oen. Morgan. It Wfta my desire, sir, to have passed through your State without any public manifestation, farther than to mingle with your citizens and exchange with them kind civilities. We seek relief from the care# of official itation, and for that ywpot*, air, we visit your gushing fountains of health unci your surpassing scenery. ?< I have only again, dr, t0 rct,,rn *? ^ou an* to the committee and to the citizens, for niyself and those associated here with me, our thanks aud kind wishes.' ? " After dinner, the Presidential party re turned to Charlestown to take the special train that had been furnished to convey them up tuo valley, and stopped a short time at the hospi table residence of Andrew Hunter, esq-, where they were introduced to "many ladies, who had not been able to visit the Springs, as well as to many of our citizens who bad been debarred the pleasure of an introduction which hundreds had gone miles to realize ?They then took the cars for Winchester iimidst the enthusiastic shouts of the people, with uiany good wishes lor their salety. Fire Anniuii.atwii.?Adams &. Co., of this city roccived by the last, arrival of the Pacifio two'of these machines for extinguishing fire. Through the courtesy of Mr. Sandtord we had the privilege of examining them yesterday. They are about the size of an ordinary coal scuttle, made of sheet iron composed of a num ber of cylindrical cases within one another, weighing about twenty pounds, and easily han dled by any person. We copy from the London Times an account of an experiment 011 a vessel on fire, before a committee appointed by the Queen to witness it: . . , "An interesting experiment was tried yes terday with l'hillips's Aunihilator. The Wear, of 160 tons, was freighted with tar barrels, sugar hogsheads, aud other combustible mate rials. Soon a dense smoke was seen issuing from every corner, affording sufficient proof that the fire was increasing under deck. After fifteen minutes the hatches were opened, and a much greater flame than one would wish to witness at sea burst forth. Now came the. time to put it out. On a signal from Mr. I hillips, two machines were brought forward, looking like iron watering-pots, and the gaseous con tents poured down liberally upon the flames. The effect was soon visible. The fire was grad ually reduced, and in ten minutes was extm gUWhcn we consider the immense sncrifice of life and property by fire, we cuunot but consider this a most valuable discovery. They are very simple, easily operated, and what is better, (tor the million) cheap and portable. Mr. Sandtord intends to make a trial soon with his machines, when we shall be happy to lay the result before our readers.?Phila. 1'tnmy human. Health Insurance.?The associations re cently gotten up, for the purpose of insuring health, are excellent institutions, and deserve every encouragement. By paying a small s in annually, every man can become a member of one of these associations, which, in case of sick ness, will secure to him a weekly income that will be sufficient to meet bis wants aud place biro in a Btate of independence that will keep him from being a burden to his family and friends. This is very desirable. Lvery work ingman should have his health insured, for then when accidents or sickness befal him, and he can no longer earn his daily bread, he has a store-house from whence his wants will be sup plied. Item*. Congregationalism, which was scarcely known fifteen years ago in Canada, and when there were only four or five churches of the faith and order in the provinces, is represented there uow bv sixty-three churches, comprising 4,000 full communicants, and congregations numbering, it is said, no less than 16,000 persons. Mow than sixty chapels have been erected, princi pally by the colonists, who have in every in stance refused government assistance. There is a female now resident in Clark county, Georgia, who is one hundred and tMrty three years of age. She is quite active, lively, and cheerful; converses fluently, rends well Without the use of glasses. She says I not feel the effect of her age except as rcfrurda I her hearing?she is slightly deaf. She has now I living, within one mile of her residence, grand 1 children to the sixth generation. Mr. Henry Drayton, of this city, whose suc cess as an operatic singer in Paris and in Lon dou we have had such flattering accounts, from time to time, since he left the Conservatoire in the former city, is on the eve of coming to this, his native land, to give his countrymen a touch of his quality.?I'hiL Sun. CATASTRornu.?At Cincinnati, on the second Instant, Jacob and Frank Kirchmer, butchers, were instantly killed, in consequence of^their horses ruuning away with them. The Kuph niers were twin brothers, and, what is something singular, they married twin sisters, who now remain to deplore the loss of their husbands. As some Indies and gentlemen were ?lkinS down south Water street, Chicago, one day last werk one of the party came near stepping on a huge rattlesnake, which made its ?Pr ance on the side walk. It was rudely deat by. This is the second visiter of the kind lately found in the city. Messrs. Hks*t>ict and Bmu.rrn, it is said, i intend to return to this country with distm miished additions to the musical troupe of Miss kind, for another professional tour to oommcnce next spriug. ? . . I Parodi, it is said, is going to South America with Patti, fitrakosch, and liauser. The/will not stop short of Lima. The trip bids fair to turn out a profitable one. We sre deeply pained to learn that the Ber. Dr. Olin, of the Methodist Kpiscopnl Church, one of the most eloquent divines of the present age, is dangerously ill. Goto IS SotiT* Carolisa.?A piece of gold, about the sixe and shape of a man s oot, * afl found in Yorkville district, 8^., ? ??? ago. It is worth about $2,000. At the lig gings where this piece was found, twenty-one and a half pounds of gold have been collected by three persons during the last six months. Catfish, weighing from fifty to one hundred pounds, are seen daily in the Cincinnati market. IlrsBA*T>i?.n Hit sourness. ? The Minnesota papers are rejoicing at the ample and well hus banded school-fund of that Territory. The Green Bay Advocate says this fact should not be referred to with Buch an air of triumph, because they have also husbanded all the school mis tresses which hate been sent to Iowa by tba Educational Society. A Pedlar, With his cart, overtaking another of his olan on the road, was addressed: ?? Halloo, what do you carry !" | " Drugs and medicines, was tbe r p 7. h Qooa," exclaimed the other, 7 ahead5 1 osrry grave-stonee