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American telegraph. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1851-1851, August 08, 1851, Image 1

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VOL. I-NO. 118.
On 7tli at., opponltc Odd-Fellows' Hall,
At Ten Cents a Week, or
To subaoriberii wsrvwl by the camera, the paper will
be furnished regularly for ten cents per week, payable i
weekly. 44" To mail subscribers, $5 a yoar; $'X 50 for
wx mouths; $1 26 for three months; 60 oent* a month, i
No paper mailed unless paid for in advanoe. and discon
tinued when the term paid for expires. #
Half square, (6 linos or less,) 26 cents for each Insertion.
1 square, 1 insertion .(DM 1 square, 1 month... $4 00
" 1 do 2 moolhj.. 7 00
1 do 8 montha .. 10 00
1 do 6 months .. ltf 00
* _ , r, " -7- 1 d0 1 Tew .... 30 00
Twelve lines (or over six) make a square?longer adver
tisements In exact proportion.
ADyaarisiag will please endeavor to send In their favors
before 11 o'clock, If possible.
1 do 2 insertions 0 76
1 do 8 insertions 1 00
1 do 1 week .... 1 76
1 do 2 weeks ... 2 76
General Emigration and Passage Office,
No. 87 Burling Slip, New York, near fulton fbry.
THE subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and
the public, that his arrangements are such for bring'
ing out and forwarding passengers to and from Liverpool
by the old and favorite Black Star Lino of Packets, sailing
to and from New York and Liverpool every week, as to
ensure cheap and quick conveyances. The ships com
prising this line are all new and first class packets, com
manded by old and experienced commanders.
Also, Agent for the Star Line of Glasgow Packets, sail
ing every month. Also, Agent for the splendid Line of
New York and Louisiana Line of New Orleans packets
sailing every'week.
Drafts at sight furnished for any amount on England,
Ireland, and Scotland. THOS. H. O'BRIEN,
mar 24? 37 Burling Slip, 2 doors from South st.
The New York and Liverpool United States Mail
The ships comprising this line are the?
ATLANTIC, Oapt. West.
PACIFIC, Oapt. Nye.
ARCTIC, Capt. Luce.
ADRIATIC, Capt. Graitoa.
These ships, having been built by contract, expressly
for Government service, every care has been taken in their
construction, as also in their engines, to insure strength
and speed, and their accommodations for passengers are
unequalled for elegance or oomfort.
Prioe of passage from New York to Liverpool, 4130; ex
clusive use of extra size state rooms, $326; from Liverpool
to New York, ?36.
An experienced Surgeon will be attached to each (hip.
No berth can be secured until paid for.
^#*The owners of these ships will not be accountable
for gold, stiver, bullion, Specie, Jewelry, precious stones,
or metals, unless bills of lading are signed therefor, and j
the value thereof therein expressed.
For freight and passage apply to
EDWARD K. COLLIN8, 66 Wall st., N. Y.,orto
BROWN, SHIPLEY A C0? Liverpool.
E. G. ROBERTS A CO., 14, King's Arm Yard, London.
L. DRAPER, Jr., 8 Boulevard, Montmartre, Paris,
mar 24?d
j PACKKTS?Sailing from Philadelphia on the 6th,
Liverpool on the 1st of every month.
Ship SHENANDOAH, Capt. Wm. "H. West; Ship BO
ROPE, Captain William McDowell; Ship MARY PLEA
SANTS, Oapt. Anthony Michaels.
The above first-class ships are built of the best mate
rials, and commanded by experienced navigators.
Due regard has been paid to select models for speed,
with oomfort for passengers.
Persons wishing to engage passage for their friends can
obtain oortlflcates which will be good for eight months.
Those who wish to remit money can be accommodated
with drafts for ?1 sterling and upwards, at sight, Without
Goods for the continent will be forwarded free of ex
pense of commission, if addressed to James McHenry, No.
6, Temple Place, Liverpool. " c
mar 24?d No. 87, Walnnt street, Philadelphia.
AT a meeting of the Board of Managers of the Parke
ville Hydropathic Institute, held fifth month 16th,
1850, Joseph A. Wader, M. D., was unanimously elected
Resident l'hytician in the place of Dr. Dexter, resigned.
Having made various improvements, this institute is
now prepared to receive an additional number of patients;
and from Dr. WOder's well-known skill and practical ex
perience In Europe, (acquired unrtc Vincem Preissnlti,
the founder of the Hydropathic system,) and for several
years past m this country, and particularly In the eity of
Philadelphia, (where he has had many patients,) the Man
agers Itelieve the afflicted will find him an able and an
attentive physician.
The domestic department being under the charge of a
Steward and Matron, will enable the Doctor to devote to
the patients whatever time may be necessary.
Application for admission to be made to
SAMUEL WKUB, Secretary.
Office No. 68 South Fourth street, residence No. 16 Lo
gan square, Philadelphia.
(Jermtai i*saripti>m of the PtrkerUle Hydropathic Institute..
The main building is throe stories high, standing back
from the street about one hundred (set, with a semicircu
lar grass plot in front, and contains thirty to forty rooms.
The grounds around the house are tastefully laid out with
walks and planted with trees, shrubs, Ac. Itn the left ol
the entrance to these grounds is a cottage containing four
rooms, used by male patients a* a bathing house, with
every convenience for "packing," bathing, Ac.; on the
right of the entrance, about two hundred feet distant,
stands a similar cottage, used by the ladles for similar
In the roar of the Institute, at the distance of one hun
dred feet, are three ntlwr cottage*, some eighty feet apart.
One of these is the laundry, with a hydrant at the door;
the other two are occdpiod by tho servants.
The hydrant water Is Introduced Into these cottages as
well as into the main building, and all the waste water
carried off by drains under ground.
Consist of a circular stone building, standing on the brow
of a hill, surmounted by a large* cedar rewrvoir containing
five humlrod barrels, brought from a never-tailing spring
of puru cold water in the side of the hill, by "a hydraulic
ram," a aeir-acting machine of cast Iron, that is kept con
stantly going, night anil day, by the descent of the water
from the spring. The surplus water Is carried from the
reservoir to a fountain in the water-works yard, surround
ed by weeping willow*. In the first story of the water
works is a circular room, containing the douche bath,
which is a stream foiling from a height of about thirty
feet, and can be varied In sire from half an Inch to an
Inch ami a half In diameter. Adjoining the douche room
is a dressing room, with marble tables, Ac.; the rinng
douche, (for the cure of piles, Ao.) Is one of the most com
plete contrivances of the kind, bHng entirely under the
control of tho patient using the same.
There are many other appliance*, which can be better
understood by a personal examination. mar f
MOTXLTON A 00., Successors to Jwo. Falooxx* A 0o?
SI Cedar and 22 Pine streets. New Vork, Invite mer
chants visiting New York city to their Immense stock of
Foreign and Domestic, Taney and Staple Dry Good*.
Their stock Is entirely new and. In addition, still recel re
by every steamer new and elegant styles, confined exc.u
slvely to this house, consisting of efery variety of Driss
Goods to be found In the French, German, English, jtad
American markets, and at price* that will defy competitor*.
Dash buyers and merchants generally will do well to
call and examine oar stock, as our good* am adapted to
every section of tho country, and we are resolved to spare
no efforts to make it the Interest of eve.y merchant to
favor us with their patronage.
T New York, March, ISM. mar 24?
60 casewfHim Copal, tiled. and fine fanrihar, Ac.
400 bhls superior Coaeh Body, Carriage (HI Cloth Polish
ing, Flowing, Scraping, Cabinet and Venitlan Blind Var
nishes, No*. 1, 2, and 3.
10 bhls. Sljcn and Graining Varnish.
6 do white (lowing do
* '!* do warranted.
do tor m.p, or whip*.
20 do Painters' Japan.
* wKrAsastsiysr* ???" ">"?
10,000 Impure White Uad, in oil, at manufacturers'
AI?o, Gum Shellac, Sandrac, Litharge, Red Lend Drr
White Load, In 100 lb. keg*, wholesale and retail n't uZ
iowei?t mirket r*t?*. '
Person* purchasing the abort will do well to call nnd
? ? a mine for themselves.
NT W. WtWl* wanting Varntshee manufactured will
please call, as the lubeerlbeT Is prepared to tmmufteture
all kind* HfcNJ.O HORNOR,
*o. 8 *k rUrnilng from Second to Third, h*.
ftrarn Market and A rob streets, Phil* mar M?tf
To J'ertont out of Employment.
Just published by B. SEA KM, and for sale at No. 128
Niuuutu street, New York.
oireulate the following new and beautiful
wonts, (retail price, $2 60 per vol.) a uew auU complete
?W ft dTc^ftiYB ???ount of those countries and their
Inhabitants, from the earliest period of authentic history
to the present time. In which the editor has treated not
only of the historical events, but also of the manners,
customg, religion, literature, and domestic habits of the
people of those immense empires.
The embellishments are about two hundred, and of the
nrst order, illustrating whatever is peculiar to the Inhabi
tants, regarding their dress, domestic occupations, their
mode of agriculture, commercial pursuits, arts, 4c. They
the worts** ettCil one b?en Eudl1 expressly for
?.IU17?!U,Se .""l" a ocUto> containing between
W*- Panted in the beat style, and.
on good substantial white paper. It is furnished to agents,
handsomely bound in muslin, gilt, or leather, as the pu?
??feasor may prefer, at a very liberal discount, when o Jan
titles of not less than twenty oopiea are ordered at one
comprising the most striking and remarkable events of
the Revolution, the French war, the Tripolltan war, the
Indian war, the second war with Great Britain, and the
?Vxic*" *ttri with three hundred engravings I Be tail
price, $2 60 per volume. Orders respectfully solicited.
are decidedly the best books that agents can possibly em
ploy their time In supplying to the people ofthe United
atates. They are valuable for reference, and should be
possessed by every family in this great republic. There is
not a c ty or town in these United States, not even those
or small importance, but contains many citizens to whom
these works are indispensable. They are adapted to the
literary wants of the Christian, the patriot, the statesman,
and the domestic circle, got up in a superior stylo of art
a n w.?4 ' ftn are not ooly such books as will
sen, but are such as an agent of good principle will feel
? e to recommend, and willing to see the purchaser again
alter they have been bought.
Our PLAJr.-?The plan the publishor has so successfully
cairied out for several years, is the obtaining responsible
t-on as agents, vrho are well known in their own counties,
-owns, and villages, and have time and disposition to cir
culate good and Instructive books among their nelghburs
and fronds. Any person wishing to embark In the enter
prise will risk littie in sendiag $26 or $50, for which he
will receive an assortment as he may direct, at the whole
sale cash prices.
Enterprising and active men of respectability and good
address, would do well to engage in the sale of the above
volumes; and ail postmasters, clergymen, book pedlars,
and newspaper agents, are respectfully requested to act
as our agents. A handsome remuneration allowed to all
who engage in their sale. For particulars address, post
paid, BOBEBT SEARS, US Nassau street?*. Y?
To publishers of newspapers throughout the United States ?
Newspapers copying this advertisement entire, without
any alteration or abridgment, (including this notice,) and
giving it a few inside insertions, shall receive a copy of
any of our $2 60 or $3 works, subject to their order, by
sending direct to the publisher. mar 21
The Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat
S&jg-gTTTTTjVIIave resumed their operations for the
53year with increased means of accommo
dating Uie trade between Philadelphia and Baltimore, in
manner, and at their
former materially reduced prices, being, on dry goods.
!h Ii'^l oa^ ^ P?" 100 pounds, and but hall
the price charged by other liies. ' W
m<vwS^r>Tii^nf.K. V,*11 thcul8elve' ofthe facilities anu
if Une" ?** *dvUed to (five explicit and
positive directions for sending their goods to the Ericsson
nf"u! ^ particular to possess Ihemselve*
of the reoeipte which are Invariably given for their goods.
InrtWirf0 'Ute4 th* P^oe charged for transportation;
aadjtwlllprove a protection against the double rates ex
acted by other linos, who have no published rates
th?,^e8t'8ouUl'or oUwr **
yond Baltimore, forwarded promptly on tie day of theii
arrival, with every care and attention, free of all charge
whatever for this service, in the shape of commissions oi
Niw Yo&k.?Goods shipped from New York, or other
places eastward of that city, should be distinctly con
signed to A. Gaovxs, jr., Philadelphia, to insure their con
veyance by this Line.
Freight to or from Baltimore, as above, 10 cent# per 100
pounds. Coarse freights taken at still less rates.
The established character and known reputation of this
company U an ample guarantee to those disposod to oou
flde their property to the care ofthe company.
One or more of the company's boat* leaves Philadelphia
from the upper side of Chestnut street wharf every dav
(Sunday excepted,) at 3 o'clock, arriving in Baltimore
early next morning. Apply In Philadelphia to
A. GBOTES, jr? Agent,
19 South Wharves, above ChestnuL si
In like manner a boat leaves Baltimore, daily, (Sundav
exoepted,) at half-past 2 o'clock.
Apply in Baltimore to
J. A. SIIRIVER, Agent, No. 3 Light si,
m*r 24? "oar the Pq|>0t ofthe B. A 0. R. R.
York India Bnbbtr Wui|ioMt> J
Dl -?[GD0MAN,27 Maiden Lane and 60 Nassau street.
*, J-1 oomer from Uroadwny,) New York. Factor,
root of Twenty-fourth street, East River.
Merchan ts throughout the United Stales are respectfully
Informed that my spring stock of India Rubber <??ds will
l>e found far superior to any before offer.*!, having be
stowed upon each Individual article Uie benefit of my lorn,
experience In msnufecturing, which enables me to war
rant entire satisfaction.
Among the most Important, I would call attention U
"?>ok oT ninth, of all widths, from
1-4 to 6-4 inclusive, and made on the choicest drills and ol
the best of gum. Purchasers will find that It will neithei
rack, peel, nor become sticky, as is the ram with much
that has been ami continues to be sold In this city.
Consisting of Coats, Cloaks, Capes, Pouches, Pants, Over
alls, Leggiugs, Boots, Caps, Ac., now so extensively worn
by farmers, physicians, drivers, sea captains, mllors, Ac
Baptismal l*ants, manufactured expressly for the clergy
l.adles' and Gentlemen's Gloves?aperfl<ctcure for chap
el hands by wearing them for a short time, at the same
time bleaching and rendering them soft and delicate
These Gloves are also much worn by flatters, Tanners
Masons, Ac., being a perfect protection against acid and
Machine foiling and Steam lacking,
in every variety, and cheaper and belter than any thing
which can be substituted for either.
of (>??,h<?'?. Garden and Engine
Hose, Whips, Horse Covers, llurne Fenders, Hoof Boots.1
Beds, Life Preservers, Breast Pumps, Syringes, Tobacc.,
8U1I',? P?P*r Holders, D<?r Springs, Ac..
Ac., besides an Immense stock of
India Rubber Rath,
and other fency articles, such as Elastics, DoUs, Dogs, and
other animals of various kinds. Pnre Rubber Cement for
hatters' nse. AH orders executed with despatch.
n,,r24? l> HODGMAN.
New York, New Orleans, and Mobile Expmn,
Z^IONNBOTING with the swiftest and most responsible
\ J expresses between the principal towns in Maine. New
llam|??hlre. Vermont. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con
necUont, Lower Canada, New York State, Delaware, Penn
IMstrict of Columbia, Indiana, Ohio,
Illinois, the Western States generally, the Mississippi and
Msliaina rirer towns, and the prominent places In Geor
gia and the Carolines.
Our facilities are so extensive and perfect that we can
secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight,
trunks, packages, and valuable parcel", from one end of
the country to the other, and between the most remote
pointii. I
I From our many years' experience in the express hnsi- I
ness. while connected with Messrs Adams A Co., and our
numerous advantage* In other respects, (not the least ot
which Is the confidence ami patronage of the ISew York
community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to
give the most entire satlsfection to our friends, the jewel
Icrs, hankers, and merchants generally.
We beg leave to call attention to our California Express
from Haw Orleans, and our Express between New Orleans
ana MobilAt
i ?8t ?C^lkrIe" Building, New Orleans, and
19 Wall street, New York. mar 24 tf
Maseh'llll ' tI! r'olU,*rt' *?<?*??? ft?r
.. uV. ' 7, ~T r M*rr,h number of this well sstal
It shea journal Ifl now bofbfQ the public. rontairiinir orlcrina!
communications from the following talented writers ofthe
Medical Profession: W. H. Van Ruren, M. D., case of ova
rian tumor, In which death resulted from entero-perltonlti?
srising from a novel cause.Illustrated bra plate; remark"
on tetanus, by Exra P. Rennet. M. R., ofOonnsrtlcnt; mp
ture of bla<lder, by J. Kneeland, MR.; imports of hospital
<*a?es, by P. R. I<ente. M. R., and others or much Interest,
hy Drs. Rweat, Chnrch, and Star.
The Foreign and American Medical Retrospect Is full
and complete; Bibliographical notices of all the late Eng
lish and American Medical works, Ac.
PwWished every other month, at ?3 per annum; each
number containing 144 psgM.
fpooimen ?number ?ent to any part of the country gratis
nn "PP^tfeti.poft paid,to ft r. mro*ON, A^errt"
^ m Wall?tm?,fcrw
Office, No. 1 lieadf Strut, New York.
IN consequence of the great number of complaint* which
have for along time been wade by Emigrant*, of frauds
committed upon them in the Bending of money to t
friends in Ireland, and to aid and protect the Emigrant,
the Irish Emigrant Society established a fund, deposited
in the Bank of Ireland, upon which they draw drafts,
payable at sight, at any of the brandies of the Bank.
l'eroons residing out of the city, by enclosing in a letter
the sum they wish forwarded, with the plainly written
direction to whom and where it is to b? paid, will have the
same remitted.
There is a great advantage In purchasing the Society's
drafts?that the Bank has a branch in each of the princi
pal towns in Ireland, and thus the losses by discount, and
otherwise, are avoided.
The 8oclety keeps an office at No. 22 Spruce street, to
which Emigrants can apply to obtain situations for which
they are fitted.
Orders from employers in the country, stating the ser
rloes required, the wages, and Uie cheapest modes of con
veyance, and giving a respectable reference, will meet with
prompt attention.
? The Society will be thankful for all circumstantial and
early information of any fraud, imposition, or outrairo
committed on Emigrants, and will endeavor speedily to
apply a remedy. GREGORY VILLON, President.
JAMES MATHEWS, Wice lTeeidente.
Edward 0. Donmelly, Corresponding Secretary.
Kurnam B. Daly, Recording Secretary.
Joseph Stuart, Treasurer.
Felix Ingoldsby, William Kcdmond.
William Watson, Francis Mann,
John Manning, James Stuart,
Terence Donnelly, Stuart J. Mollan,
James Olwell, Cornelius U. Sheehan,
Charles M. Nanry, John Nicholson, mar 24?
Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Toola, Ac!
CHARLES 8. LITTLE, Impqrtbr and
ngeneral dealer in English, German, and
t, American Hardware, Cutlery, Edgo Tools.
Ac., 33 and 34 Fulton street, opposite the
United States Hotel, New York,- respectfully invites the
attention of Merchants, making tlieir purchases, to his
very extensive assortment, comprising every thing in the
line, and to which new and constant supplies aw being
added. His variety of Tools is adapted to all the various
b?nchcK of mechanics, especially Coopers and Carpenters.
I articular attention given to all orders, all of which are
offered at tlie lowest market prices for cash or on approved
credit: rr
Out and Wrought Nails, Locks and Latehets
Knives and Forks, Pen and Pocket Knives
Razors, Scissors and Shears, in great variety
Skates, Slates, Sleigh Bells, loose and strapped
Shovels, Spades, Hoes, Forks, Scythes and Snathes
Rifles, Black Lead Pots, and Sand Crucibles
Pumps, for wells or cisterns; Force Pumps and Hydrau
lic Rams
Ames' Pump, Augers and Runivers
Turkey Oil Stone, dressed and undressed
Scotch W ater of Ayr Stone, for marble polishers
Coopers' Tools, in great variety, of the most celebrated
manufacturers, Albertson, Conger, Horton, Barton, and
others ' '
Coachmakers' Tools
House and Ship Carpenters' Toola
Blacksmiths' Tools, Cabinet makers' Trimmings
Iionse and Ship builders' Hardware
House furnishing Hardware, in great variety
Iron, Brass, Copper, and Steel wire
I Genuine Haarlem Oil. and Nuremberg Salve.
mar 24?
i J. H. HAVENS, W. MYErT* CO.,
Inventors and Manufacturers of the Ethiopian and Pirc
jrroof Ptiint, Wilmington, Clinton CO., Ohio.
W 319 Main street, near 8th, Cindnna- |
TT ? tl, Ohio, to whom all onleri mvut be addressed
The superiority of this paint over all other, for oarriaite,
house, and ship painting, will he Been In Its rapid sale
.OTer TL rtn<* thl" peint has been lntro
,J"?^ ?? Meet has been able to order
one hundred ton*. The paint is ground in oil, and put
up ready for nse, from the finest black down to any pliode
to nut th# fancy.
Atj*^i,UTe,lt"r* *n<1 Iun?Mtamof Tanners' Biack
>ng. Tbi? article is so universally approbated by all who
liave used it, that it scarcely needs com mends tion. But
to give confidence to those who may not have tried it, we
would say that Z.G. Ryon, foreman to A. M. Taylor A Co..
Columbia street, Cincinnati, has authorixed us* to use hie
name as a recommendation to tenners in general. To all
who knew Mr. Z. C. Ryon this would be sufficient; but al)
tanners In the city and country, who have used It, have I
'tranted us this privilege. If it were neceasary we could
.11 a newspaper with testimonials; but where all who use
ire pleased we deem it uncalled for.
The Tanners' Blacking ia put up In kega containing six
gallons, ready for use, and will, be sent to any point on
. r,*n\L' r*11.road, or river, at fifty cents per gaUen.
All orders should be addressed, post paid, to
Wilmington, Clinton co., Ohio; or
I .. , J- H. HAVENS,Cincinnati.
Also, inventors and manufacturers of a Wah.r-nroof
IIlacking ferr Oil-cMh, that will reduce the oost fifty per
<'ent., and will soon he in market. mar 24
TMPORTERS AND JOBBERS, 68 Llbxrty strkft. New
".Jf0**' 0K'l*een Broadway and Nassau,) are now re
* "Oh beautiful assortment of Fancy Silk and
HilUuery GowU, to which we would particularly invite Uie
attention of all Cash Purchasers, and will make It an ol>
lect for Uitnu to give us a call, as we are determined to sell
our assortment, for Cash, lower Uiaa ever before oflered in
t nt* marX^t.
Milliner, can irapplt Uu-mselve* with every article In
tpelr line, at about the cost of Importation or Auction
prices. Many of our goods are manufactured expremly
| ?"|j ^wn ""Je' aDd ??** be surpassed lor beauty or
Rich Hat and Cap Ribbons, a large variety
Silks and Satins il* Donnnts
Kmbn iden-d Capes, Collars, Cuffs, aad Chemisetis
Embroidered Edgings and Inserting?!, 8wiss snd Muslin
Thread, Brussels Valenriene, Silk, and Lisle Thread
Embroidered Reverie and Plain Linen Cambric Hkfli
Silk * Mld M1U' KW' PiIk' LW? Thread, and Sewing
Scarf*, Cravats, and Dress TTkft.
Swiss, Jaconet, Book Muslins, and Bishop Lawns
Emhroidered, Damask, and Plain Canton Crape Shawls
A full assortment of Straw Ooods
French and American Artificial Flowers
With a large variety not mentioned above.
All wishing to avoid paying long prices will make mo
ney by calling and satisfying themselves, [mar 24?tf
Ao.. Ac.?WnouuHiji A!tt? H*rui,?No. IN 'i MnrkH
Mrrtl, rhiladtlphia.?We offer to our friends and custo
mers the largest assortment of Agricultural Implement*,
(unlet! Tools, and Seed- over offered in this market, ron
drting In part of the following, viss
PROL'TY A MEARS' Patent Highest Premium Self
diarpening PLOUGHS, right and left handed Side IliU
I SuImoIK of various slim, of superior materiel* stad work
manship, warranted to give satisfaction, or the money
returned, fbur Hi#hut JYrmiunt awardeil to these
I PLOUGHS at the New York State Fair for 1R60. Also
| I leaches anil Bar Share Ploughs.
Spain's Improved Barrel Olurn, constructed In such a
manner that the dasher may he removed from tlte Inside
of the Churn by simply unscrewing the handle from the
Hay. Straw, and Com Stalk Cntters In great variety.
among which may be found Harvey's superior Premium
Straw Cutter, of every st*e
Also, Horse Powers, Threshing Machines, Fan MUls.
Oorn Shelters. Cheese Presses, Seed Planters, IHrt Scrapers
-*ugsr Mills, Ox Yokes snd Bows, Turnip Drills, Horse
Rakes. OnUn Cradles, Expanding and Extra Cultivators.
Harrows, Snathe, flevthee, Concaved Hoes, Spring tem
<&?* and Square fined Manure snd Hay
Forks. Pruning Shears and Chisels, Reach and Bar Shear
Repairing Pedes and CasUngs, Peruvian, Patagonia and
Prepared Guano, together with a complete assortment of
Grass, Garden. and Field Seed, all of whleh will be sold at
the lowest possible prices, at 194U Market street, Phila.
French and German Looking-Gla?? Depot,
No. 75 Baltimore Street.
1 )ARRATX A DKHKKT. Carvers and (lllders, msnufkc
1 > turers of every variety of Plain and Ornamental
liOOking-Gless and Picture Frames, Window Cornices.
Brackets, Bracket Tables, Celling Mouldings Ac., Ac
Also oonstantly on hand, a full assortment of Gilt snd
Mahogany Framed Looking 01*me*. Old work re-gilt.
glasses Inserted In old Frames, ka. Prices )ow and work
tingurpsssed In beauty of finish and durability by any
other establishment. The public Is respectfully lnyiU-d
to examine onr stock before pnrohashig elsewhere.
80HNIKWINI) k 00 .
TMuwnnj^f' N?vR8 street, Philadelphia; No.
* ,0a N'w vare now receiving and offer
for sale, at Market prices, an excellent assortrvent of the
following goods:
-5U2S! Qevers A Schmidt, Sohnsl-el s,
,\j8c'lrow,er, Ml others, conslgne.1 to
them direct from the manufacturers
t'wman Silks, Fancy and Staple
Good., of the best makes and ityles, suiuble for the ^rtog
. 5s1' *f?>cy for the United States of J. M. OMon
mx'n"07 QiIt 8U* Button, and other fWhri^a
For the American Twlfgraph.
Though the immediate vicinity of the high
way out of Sauta Fe, save the few farms of
which I have spoken, is sterile and wretched to
a proverb, yet the scenery in the distance,
nearly all rouud the compass, partakes of the
picturesque in a high degree. Look which way
you will, you are hemmed in by misty moun
tains, each having its own distinct and impres
sive individuality. JBo large is the scale of the
panorama of which you are the centre, that
you travel for hours without seeming to affect
your distance from thoBe great masses tbat
frown down upon?thft subjacent plains.
for many miles lifter leaving these mighty walls
of Nature, you really appear rather to approxi
mate than to retreat from thorn?the illusion
arising, as I (suppose, from the greater breadth
of view consequent upon beholding not so much
the little details of the country about the moun
tain-foot, as a great region in which the moun
tain assumes a truer proportion. And then
again, there may be something in the exceeding
pureness of the air, which would seem to act
upon the apparent distance, like the water of a
pool in a crystal stream, suggesting a propin
quity of bottom to top much beyond what is
reolly the case.
The Sandia mountain is not less than sev
enty miles from Santa Fe, and yet at ten miles
from the town it would not be set down by an
inexperienced traveller at larther off than four
or five, to such a degree does space in that
country seem to be annihilated. Below this
mighty and frowning masa of eternal adamant
runs a parallel range of low, that is to say, ot
lower mountains, looking very much like a rank
of small boys standing in front of a body of
brawny and stalwart men. This lower range,
running off in detached masses, each partaking
considerably of the conical form, is called the
Gold Mountains, being the locale of the placers,
which some years ago engaged the busy atten
tion of the New Mexicans. The gold found in
these mountains is very pure, though not yet
discovered in Bulficieutplenty to make the steady
search for it an object with Americans. Al
though we hear the mineral wealth of New
Mexico much talked about, and even the sands
of Santa Fe streets credited with an admixture
of gold dust, yet no mining investments on a
large scale have hitherto proved profitable. An
enterprising American the year before last
opened a mine at very considerable cost, and
attended well to its necessary operations, but
he closed it after some months, not being able
to do more than just clear expenses.
I think it quite likely that in a region so
obviously volcanic, discoveries will lrom time
to time bo made, but at present no inducement
is held out to mining enterprise. Not only gold
but silver, aud others of the baser metals, have
beeu found in greater or less abuudance; but
nothing in the mining way i? now going on. It
is evident that iron must exist in inexhaustible
quantities throughout the country traversed by
the Raton mountains, and the detached eleva
tions scattered over the region east of ^ew
Mexico for two or three hundred miles from its
inhabited border. I have been told that the
mountain 1 noticed before, under the name of
the Buffalo Mound, consists almost wholly of
iron stone; I know that the ribbed heights of
the plains all around it do. Much of this stone
has the appearance of exceedingly pure iron
ore, though lrom the utter absence of wood or
| coal (for any thing yet known of the latter) in
I the neighborhood, there would seem to be no
means for working it.
| After travelling a number of miles, which I
should calculate by the elements of time and
rate of going to be nbout seventeen, we ar
rived at n fork in the road, and, as it was
after nightfall, determined to put up atanwicA?
i hard by on the left, which is often used by tra
I vellers as a stopping place. Its proprietor is a
Mexican of the better class, named Delgado, and
tuBnoe the plaoe goes by the name of
ranch*. The uncle of this man lives at a raur.ht
on the brow of an opposite hill, a mile and a
half off, separated by a narrow valley, threaded
by a meandering rill, which glories in the
title of El Rio Chicito. Our host's establish
ment was quite extensive, and being a fair
specimen of tlie better sort of habitations I will
somewhat minutely describe it. His residence
consisted of a largo adobe square structure,
with a suite of large and, internally, really tine
rooms, quite comfortable at all seasons, being
cool in warm weather and warm in cold. The
house is entered through a spacious portal
facing southeast, and its first room is a large
tola or lobby, perhaps fifty feet long by twenty
wide, which is used for various farm and family
purposes. In it you will see chests, trunks,
scythes, troughs, with sundry other farm and
household utensils, stowed away in the corners
or set nlong the wbIIs, with hdre and there a
heap of ear or shelled corn untidily strewed
about. Overhead you will ordinarily see, and
sometimes encounter with your hat, festoons
of sausages, chitterlings or muggets, hanging
from the rafters in various str.ges of desiccation.
Pieces of mutton, beef, or goat's flesh also adorn
the overhead region, interspersed with bunches
of garlic, onions and the pods of the perpetual
chili Colorado, or red pepper. The lobby is some
times used, amongst other things, as the dairy
room ; and then, what with the smell of sour
goat's milk, mingled with the aroma of garlic,
and the sundry odorifics I have hinted at above?
none of them looking a bit too clean?the reader
may be sure that one must have a stomach al
most as strong as a Mexican's to keep the gorge
in tolerable submission. For months after I
made acquaintance with the peculiar odor thus
compounded, I held a recollection of it so dis
tinct that when brought^ any circumstance to
my memory, my st<>uiaoh would undergo a
spasm of ntiusoa.
Leaving the sala, you ont^r on tho one hand
tho family sitting and dining room?on the
other, the cocina, or kitchen. On the other aide
of the main building is a room opening Out
ward into a second portal, and running the
whole breadth of the house. On the walls of
this room are hung many pictures, engravings,
and samples of needle-work, havihg for their
subject the figures of the Saviour, the Santuima
Yirgm, the Apostles, and other venerated per
sonages. This is the room in which ma?s is
performed at the occasional visits of the 1 adre.
The walls nre whitened with a wash of yetio, or
selenito, which becomes calcined by a slight
baking. As this easily rubs off, the walls in
the better rooms are generally covered to the
height of tome six feet with cheap calico, of the
staring, or bed-curtain patterns. The rafters
are generally bare, and often exhibit in their
intetttices a filling-in of eottonwood sticks, of
the rods of the sage-bnsh, to keep the super
incumbent earth of which the roof consists from
falling through. In those rooius which have a
fireplace it is situated immediately in one of
the angles, but does not on that account the
less perfectly warm and ventilate the ro?Il,<
Indeed, the interior of a well-furnished Mexl"
can parlor is one of the moat comfortable o
shelters, no matter how chill and cutting migut
be the wind or weather out of doors.
The Senores Delgado have quite a valuable
property in the little valley between their re
Hpective dwellings. It is capable of being irri
gated, and thus gives them grass, wheat and
corn, with some peaches and other fruits.
Around the bouse are a number of patriarchal
cottonwood trees, whose arms cast a protecting
shade over its Penates. But they have a great
distance to travel to get fire-stuff; 1 think
was told it some eighteen or twenty miles,
I not nearer thau the mounUins, or the cedar
skirted side? of the great canon between the
ranch and Pena Blajica, situated near the bank
of the Del Norte, fifteen or twenty miles oil.
the expense of supper, breakfast and lodging
for three, (we findiug nearly all except eggs and
chili,) and a bundle or two of corn-fodder for our
mules, was six dollars. Perhaps it was not
dear, considering the country we were in, though
in the United States one dollar would have been
a good remuneration for all wo got.
From Senor Delgado's, two roads are open
to the traveller down the Kio Abajo. The one
lies over the high table-land on the lelt, the
other follows the canon formed by the ltiu
Chicito. This is not always the same stream
that runs from Santa Fe?for the Kio Chicito
there often dries up a few miles below the city?
but is what in time of freshets is formed by a
junction of the Santa Fe with a stream rising m
the high lands to the southeast, and unitedly runs
to the Rio Grande. It is surprising what an ele
ment of cheerfulness is afforded the voyager in
this arid clime, where the greenest things are
the prickly pear and hirsute cactus, and oc
casionally the cedar-bush, by a little busy bab
bling stream, such as meanders along this vast
ravine. By its means alone can animal or
vegetable life be sustained, and hence it is that
far down the canon, on every spot capable o
affording even a scanty subsistence, huts are
posited, giving a homo to one or more fami ich
of the paisanuge.
On the right bank of the Btream, and about
seven miles below Delgado's, is an ancient
looking adoberbuilt church, for the accommo
dation of the neighborhood. It has a desolate,
woful look, and I believe has a sad history con
nected with it, telling of Indian surprises, and
priests ruthlessly murdered whilst officiating a
the altar. ?
The Presidential Tour.?The t harlestown
Free Press of Thursday gives an account of the
reception of their distinguished guests in that
region on Tuesday.
" The Mayor of Harper's Ferry, accompanied
by other members of the corporation, left for
the Point of Rock* to escort the President of
the United States, who had left Washington .in
the earliest train. On arrival at the Ferry,
1 amid the discharge of cannon, the Executive
was met by a deputation from Charlestown, as
an escort to our county seat, and to make
known the facilities of reaching the Shamiondale
Springs in the afternoon. ,
? The President, accompanied by the secre
tary of War and the Secretory of the Interior,
together with Mr. Corcoran, of Washington,
wert very courteously received by Major Sy
mington and Major lluger, and shown through
the armory and over the public grounds.
" On arriving at Charlestown, which was eai -
lier than expected by the citizens, (who
chiefly engaged at their meals) the sound ot the
whistle caused a large assemblage near the de
pot?and as the carriages drew up and received
the President and hiB company, three cheers
were given for him and for the Secretaries re
spectively,; and the cortege drew up a t Sappmg
ton's hotel, where, without alighting, the 1 resi
dent received the salutations of many of our
citizens, and exchanged nods with the little
boys who seemed to think that he might return
when they could not get as near to him as the i
widths of the pavement. The baggage collected,
i the whole moved off at a sober paoc to the
Springs, where hundreds were already assem
bled from the surrounding country, and where
in a short time the President and those who ?
had not already dined sat down to a fine dinner
amfd the strains of music.
"After dinned,'which was despatched with
out either speeches or toasta, (as bad been pre
viously understood,) the ladies were introduced
to the President and his suite.
'? In the evening, the ball at the Springs was
numerously attended. The scene was all gaiety.
The President left the room after a few hours,
but the dancing was kept up to an early hour
in the morning
?'On Wednesday morning the President was
waited upon by a committee of thirty gentle
men of tho town of Winchester, consisting of i
the mayor, recorder, president of the common
council, and others having been appointed by
the civil authorities of the town to wait on him
at Shannondale. They were received by the
President and his Secretaries in the ladies par
lor. The room was filled with ladies, ami the i
passages and windows thronged with gf"tle
men. The chairman of the committee, William
L. Clark, esq., addressed tho President substan
tially An the following terms:
ii i Jfr. President and Gentlemen of the. Celt net ?
44 41 am deputed by a committee appointed
by the civil authorities of the town of Winches
ter to communicate to you the resolutions of in
vitation and welcome to their town. In per
forming this grateful office, I take pjeasurt in ,
savin* that those resolutions arc a full reflec
tion of the public sehtiment. The citizens of
Winchester will hail with patriotic pride your
presence, sir, among them, as the Chief Maps
trate of this great republic, with that ot your
cabinet officers. They will evince to you and
then, their high admiration and regard. And
in proffering to you, air, and to them, the lios
totalities of their homes, they only anticipate a
sentiment which will rise up to meet you wher
ever you may be pleased to travel through this
ancient and venerable Commonwealth.
??To which the President in substance re
Pl,? ? I accept, air, with the expression of thanks
for myself and my official associates here, these
kind expressions of sentiment from the town o
Winchester. It will afford us great pleasure to
visit yonr ancient, town and mingle with
citizens. It is well known as long the residence
of Washington, and as the spot where repow
the ashes of one of the heroes of Bevoli
tion. I allnde to Oen. Morgan. It Wfta my
desire, sir, to have passed through your State
without any public manifestation, farther than
to mingle with your citizens and exchange with
them kind civilities. We seek relief from the
care# of official itation, and for that ywpot*,
air, we visit your gushing fountains of health
unci your surpassing scenery.
?< I have only again, dr, t0 rct,,rn *? ^ou an*
to the committee and to the citizens, for niyself
and those associated here with me, our thanks
aud kind wishes.' ?
" After dinner, the Presidential party re
turned to Charlestown to take the special train
that had been furnished to convey them up tuo
valley, and stopped a short time at the hospi
table residence of Andrew Hunter, esq-, where
they were introduced to "many ladies, who had
not been able to visit the Springs, as well as to
many of our citizens who bad been debarred
the pleasure of an introduction which hundreds
had gone miles to realize
?They then took the cars for Winchester
iimidst the enthusiastic shouts of the people,
with uiany good wishes lor their salety.
Fire Anniuii.atwii.?Adams &. Co., of this
city roccived by the last, arrival of the Pacifio
two'of these machines for extinguishing fire.
Through the courtesy of Mr. Sandtord we had
the privilege of examining them yesterday.
They are about the size of an ordinary coal
scuttle, made of sheet iron composed of a num
ber of cylindrical cases within one another,
weighing about twenty pounds, and easily han
dled by any person.
We copy from the London Times an account
of an experiment 011 a vessel on fire, before a
committee appointed by the Queen to witness
it: . . ,
"An interesting experiment was tried yes
terday with l'hillips's Aunihilator. The Wear,
of 160 tons, was freighted with tar barrels,
sugar hogsheads, aud other combustible mate
rials. Soon a dense smoke was seen issuing
from every corner, affording sufficient proof that
the fire was increasing under deck. After
fifteen minutes the hatches were opened, and
a much greater flame than one would wish to
witness at sea burst forth. Now came the. time
to put it out. On a signal from Mr. I hillips,
two machines were brought forward, looking
like iron watering-pots, and the gaseous con
tents poured down liberally upon the flames.
The effect was soon visible. The fire was grad
ually reduced, and in ten minutes was extm
gUWhcn we consider the immense sncrifice of
life and property by fire, we cuunot but consider
this a most valuable discovery. They are very
simple, easily operated, and what is better, (tor
the million) cheap and portable. Mr. Sandtord
intends to make a trial soon with his machines,
when we shall be happy to lay the result before
our readers.?Phila. 1'tnmy human.
Health Insurance.?The associations re
cently gotten up, for the purpose of insuring
health, are excellent institutions, and deserve
every encouragement. By paying a small s in
annually, every man can become a member of
one of these associations, which, in case of sick
ness, will secure to him a weekly income that
will be sufficient to meet bis wants aud place
biro in a Btate of independence that will keep
him from being a burden to his family and
friends. This is very desirable. Lvery work
ingman should have his health insured, for then
when accidents or sickness befal him, and he
can no longer earn his daily bread, he has a
store-house from whence his wants will be sup
Congregationalism, which was scarcely known
fifteen years ago in Canada, and when there
were only four or five churches of the faith and
order in the provinces, is represented there uow
bv sixty-three churches, comprising 4,000 full
communicants, and congregations numbering,
it is said, no less than 16,000 persons. Mow
than sixty chapels have been erected, princi
pally by the colonists, who have in every in
stance refused government assistance.
There is a female now resident in Clark
county, Georgia, who is one hundred and tMrty
three years of age. She is quite active, lively,
and cheerful; converses fluently, rends well
Without the use of glasses. She says
I not feel the effect of her age except as rcfrurda
I her hearing?she is slightly deaf. She has now
I living, within one mile of her residence, grand
1 children to the sixth generation.
Mr. Henry Drayton, of this city, whose suc
cess as an operatic singer in Paris and in Lon
dou we have had such flattering accounts, from
time to time, since he left the Conservatoire in
the former city, is on the eve of coming to this,
his native land, to give his countrymen a touch
of his quality.?I'hiL Sun.
CATASTRornu.?At Cincinnati, on the second
Instant, Jacob and Frank Kirchmer, butchers,
were instantly killed, in consequence of^their
horses ruuning away with them. The Kuph
niers were twin brothers, and, what is something
singular, they married twin sisters, who now
remain to deplore the loss of their husbands.
As some Indies and gentlemen were ?lkinS
down south Water street, Chicago, one day last
werk one of the party came near stepping on
a huge rattlesnake, which made its ?Pr
ance on the side walk. It was rudely deat by.
This is the second visiter of the kind lately
found in the city.
Messrs. Hks*t>ict and Bmu.rrn, it is said,
i intend to return to this country with distm
miished additions to the musical troupe of Miss
kind, for another professional tour to oommcnce
next spriug. ? . .
I Parodi, it is said, is going to South America
with Patti, fitrakosch, and liauser. The/will
not stop short of Lima. The trip bids fair to
turn out a profitable one.
We sre deeply pained to learn that the Ber.
Dr. Olin, of the Methodist Kpiscopnl Church,
one of the most eloquent divines of the present
age, is dangerously ill.
Goto IS SotiT* Carolisa.?A piece of gold,
about the sixe and shape of a man s oot, * afl
found in Yorkville district, 8^., ? ???
ago. It is worth about $2,000. At the lig
gings where this piece was found, twenty-one
and a half pounds of gold have been collected
by three persons during the last six months.
Catfish, weighing from fifty to one hundred
pounds, are seen daily in the Cincinnati market.
IlrsBA*T>i?.n Hit sourness. ? The Minnesota
papers are rejoicing at the ample and well hus
banded school-fund of that Territory. The
Green Bay Advocate says this fact should not be
referred to with Buch an air of triumph, because
they have also husbanded all the school mis
tresses which hate been sent to Iowa by tba
Educational Society.
A Pedlar, With his cart, overtaking another of
his olan on the road, was addressed:
?? Halloo, what do you carry !"
| " Drugs and medicines, was tbe r p 7.
h Qooa," exclaimed the other, 7
ahead5 1 osrry grave-stonee

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