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VOL. I?NO. 135.
"gaegrsgs ? . WASHINGTON: THURSDA V AF1ERNOON, AUGUST 28, 1851. PRICE 2 CENTS. AME RICA iV TELEG11APH PUBLISHED EVBRT AFTERNOON, (KXOKl'T SUNDAY,) On Tth *t., oppoatte Odd-ft'ellown' Hall, BY CONNOLLY, WIMEfi & McQILL, At Ten Gents a Week, or TWO CENTS A SINOLE COPY. To subscribers served by tho carriers, tlio paper will bo furuishud regularly for tr.n cents per week, payable wwkly. Itir To moil aubsoribcrs, $5 a year; $2 60 for six months; $1 25 for three months; 50 cento a month. No paper mailed unless paid for in advance, and discon tinued when the term pal?l for expiros. CASH TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Half square. (0 lines or loss,)_26 cents for each insertion. 1 square, 1 insertion . $0 f)(J ] 1 square,month. . . $4 Oy . square, 1 do 2 insertions 0 76 X do 3 insertions 1 00 1 do 1 week .... 1 76 1 do 2 weeks ... 2 76 X do 2 months .. 7 00 | X do 8 mouths . . 10 00 X do 6 months . . Xtl 00 I do X year .... 30 00 Twelve lines (or over six) make a square?longer adver tisements in exact proportion. Advertisers will please endeavor to good In their favors | before XX o'clock, if possible. General Emigration and Passage Office, JVo. 37 Burling Slip, New York, near Fulton Ferry. riMIE subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and X the public, that his arrangements are such for bring ing out and forwarding passengers to and from Liverpool by the old and favorite Black. Star Line of Packets, sailing to and from New York and Liverpool every week, as to ensure cheap and quick conveyances. The ships com prising this line are all new and first class packets, com manded by old and experienced commanders. Also, Agent for the Star Line of Glasgow Packets, sail ing every month. Also, Agent for the splendid Line of Now York and Louisiana Line of New Orleans packets, sailing every weok. Drafts at sight furnished for any amount on England, Ireland, and Scotland. T1IOS. H. O'BRIEN, mar 24? 37 Hurling Slip, 2 doors from South st. The New York and Liverpool United States Mail Steamers. The ships comprising this line are the?? ATLANTIC, Capt. West. PACIFIC. Capt. Nye. ARCTIC, Capt. Luce. ADRIATIC, Capt. Grafton. These ships, having been built by contract, expressly for Uovemment service, every care has been taken in their construction, as also in their engines, to insure strength and speed, and their accommodations for passengers are unequalled for elegance or comfort. Price of passage from New York to Liverpool, $130; ex. elusive use of extra size state rooms, $325; from Liverpool to Now York, ?35. An experienced Surgeon will be attached to each ship. No bertl} can be secured until paid for. ttS- The owners of these ships will not be accountable for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, precious stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are signed therefor, and the value thereof therein expressed. For freight and pop sage apply to KDWARD K. COLLINS, 56 Wall st., N. Y., or to BROWN, SHIPLEY & CO., Liverpool. E. G. ROBERTS & CO., 14, King's Arm Yard, London. L. DRAPER, Jr., 8 Boulevard, Montmartro, Parts. mar 24?d .3,3s PHILADELPHIA AND LIVERPOOL LINE OF PACKETS?Sailing from Philadelphia on the 5th, anil from Liverpool on the 1st of evory month. Ship SHENANDOAH, Capt. Wm. II. West; Ship EU ROPE, Captain William McDowell; Ship MARY PLEA SANTS, Capt. Anthony Michaels. The abovo first-class ships are built of the best mate rials, and oommanded by experienced navigators. Due regard has been paid to select models tor speed, with comfort for passengers. ' Persons wishing to engage passage for their friends can obtain certificates which will be good for eight months. Those who wish to remit money can bo accommodated with drafts for ?1 sterling and upwards, at sight, without disoount. , , . Goods for the continent will be forwarded free of ex pense of commission, if addressed to Jamos McIIenry, No. 6, Temple Place, Liverpool. ' v ' GEOROE McIIENRY A CO., mar 24?d No. 37, Walnut street, Philadelphia. PA RKRVILLE H YDROPATHIC INSTITUTE. AT a meeting of the Board of Managers of the Parke ville Hydropathic Institute, held fifth month 15th, I860, Joseph A. Wed?r, M. D., was unanimously elected Resident Physician in the place of Dr. Dexter, reMgnod. Having made various improvement*, this Institute is now prepared to reoeivo an odditional number of patients; and fro.n Dr. Weder's well-known ski'l aud practical ex Ttrriince in Europe, (acquire-1 unrte- Vinccn* Preissuitz. the founder of the Hydropathic system,) and for several years past in this country, and particularly in the citv of Philadelphia, (where he has had many patients,) the Man agers believe the afflicted will find him an able and an attentive physician. , The domestic department being under the charge of a Steward and Matron, will enable the Doctor to devote to the patlouts whatever time may be necessary. Application for admission to bo inRdo to SAMUEL WEBB, Secretary. Office No. 68 South Fourth street, residence No. 10 Lo gan square, Philadelphia. General Description <\f the, ParkrnUle Hydropathic Institute. The main building is three stories high, standing back from the street about one hundred feet, with a semicircu lar grass plot in front, and contaius thirty to forty rooms. The grounds around the house are tastefully laid out with walks and planted with trees, shrubs, Ac. On the left of the eutrauce to these grounds is a cottage containing four rooms, used by male patients as a bathing house, with every convenience tor "packing," bathing, Ac.; on the riuht of the entrance, about two hundred feet distant, stands a similar cottage, used by the ladies for similar P"lTtTie rear of the Institute, at the distance of one hun dred feet, are three other cottages, some eighty feet apart. One of these Is the laundry, with a hydrant at the door; the other two aro occupied by the servants. The hvlrant water Is Introduced into these pottages as well as into tho main building, and all the waste water carried off by drains under ground. TIIE WATER WOIIU Consist of a circular stone building, standing on tho brow of a hill, surmounted by a large cedar reservoir containing five hundred barrels, brought from a never-falling spring Of pure oold * ater in tho side of the hill, by " a hydraulic rain," a self-acting machine of cast Iron, that Is kept con stantly going, night and day, by the descent of the water from the spring. The surplus water is carried from the reservoir to a fountain in the water-works yard, surround ed by weeping willows. In tho first story of the water works is a circular room, containing the douche bath, which is a stream falling from a height of about thirty feet, and can be varied In sixe from half an inch to an inch and a half in dlamqter. Adjoining the douche room is a dressing room, with marble tables, Ac.; the rmnp dwhr (for the cure of piles, Ac.Us one of the niwt eorn plete contrivance" of the kind, being entirely under the control of the patient using the same. There are many other appliances, which can be better understood by a personal examination. ?" _ T0"C0UNFrY MERCHANTS. fancy and staple goods. MOULTON A 0On Successors to Jno. KALCOHr.ii A Co., ftt Cedar and 22 Hue street*. New York,invite mer chants visiting New York city to their immense stock of Foreign and Domestic, Fancy and Staple Dry Goods. Their stock is entirely new. and, in addition, still rocd re every stoamor new and elegant styles, confined exc.u glvely to this house, consisting of every variety of I>r?ss Goods to be found In tho French, German, English, and American markets, and at prices that will defy computers. Oash buyers and merchants generally will do well to eall and examine our stock, as our goods are sdapted to every soetlon of the oountrv, and we are resolved to spare no efforts to raako It tho Interest of every merchant to favor us with their patronage. g MOULTON, .TAMKS W. BARBER, ZEN AS NEWELL. New York, March, 1*51. mi*M~ VARNISHES, GUM COPALS, SPIIUTS, TURPEN, TINE, AND AMERICAN LIN8KED OIL. 60 cases Guin Copal, med. and fine Ziin/.ibar, Ao. 400 bbls superior Conch Body, Carriage Oil Cloth Polish ing, Flowing, Scraping, Cabinet and Venitian Blind Var nishes, Nos. 1, 1, and 3. 10 bbls. Sign anil Groining Varnish. 5 do white flowing do 6 do outside do do warranted. 5 do White do do tor mape or whips. 10 do Iron Varnish. 20 do Painter*" Japan. 100 do Spirits Turpentine, In glaed bbls or half bbls. 1000 gallons American Linseed Oil. 10,000 lbs. pure White Lead, in nil, at manufacturers' prices. pi IU??. Also, Gum Shells*), Sand roc. Litharge, Had Lend, Dry White Lead. In M0 lb. kegs, wholesale and retail, at the lowest market rates. Persons purchasing the a here will do wall to eall and examine for themselves. N. B. I'nrdons wanting Tarnishes mannftiotnrwd will sioase eall, nothe subscriber is prepared to manufacture ill kinds. BEN J. 0. HORN i Hi, No. 8 La Grange street, running from fteoondto Third, h*. tween Market and Arch streets, Phil*. mar M?U To Persons out of Employment. NEW P1CTORJ AL WORKS, Juat published by R. SEAH8, and for sale at No. 128 Nassau street, New York. AMERICAN GIFT BOOKS FOR 1851.?Agents are wanted to uircul&tu tiio following new and beautiful workH, (retail price, $2 50 per vol.) A n?w and oomplet# PICTORIAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND INDIA; with a duscriptiTe account of those countries and their mhabitauts, frojn the earliest period of authentic history to the present time. In which the editor has treated not only ot the historical events, but also of the manners, customs, religion, literature, and domestio habits of the ptiODie of thoHo inlineiiso empires. The embellishments are aliout two hundred, and of the first order, ill ustrating whatever is peculiar to the inbabi i tants, regarding their dress, domestic occupations, their mode of ugriuulture, commercial pursuits, arts, Ac. They are uccurate; aud each one has been made expressly for the work. The volume ifomas a large octavo, containing between five and si* hundred page., printed fn the best style, and on good substantial white paper. It tsfUrnlshed to agents, haudsomely bound in muslin, gilt, or leather, as the pur chaser may prefer, at a very liberal discount, when quan tities of not less than twenty copies aro ordered at one time. THRILLING INCIDENTS OF THE WARS OF TUB UNITED 8TATE3; m0B' striking and remarkable events of the devolution, the French war, the Tripolitan war, the Indian war, the second war with Great Britain, and the j Mexican war; with three hundred engravings! Retail price, $2 60 per volume. Orders respectfully solicited. SEARS' PICTORIAL FAMILY PUBLICATIONS are decidedly tho best books that agents can possibly em ploy their time in supplying to the people of the United States. They are valuable for reference, and should be possessed by every family in this great republic. There is not a city or town in these United States, not even those of small importance, but contains many citizens to whom these works are indispensable. They are adapted to the literary wants of the Christian, the patriot, the statesman, and the domestic circle, got up in a superior style of art and workmanship; and aro not only such books as will sell, but aro such as an agent of good principle will feel r"6 toreoommend, and willing to see the purchaser again after they have been bought. ..0^R,PLViTThe P'an ,lle publisher has so successfully carried out tor several years, is the obtaining responsible en as agents, who aro well known in their own counties, owns, and villages, and have time and disposition to cir culate good and instructive books among their neighbors and friends. Any porson wishing to embark in the enter prise will risk little in sending $25 or $50, for which he will receive an assortment as he may direct, at the whole sale cash prices. Enterprising and active men of respectability and good address, would do well to engage in the sale of the above volumes; and all postmasters, clergymen, book pedlars aud newspaper agents, are respectfully requested to act as our agents. A handsomo remuneration allowed to all who engage in their pale. For particulars address, post paid, ROBERT SEARS, 128 Nasnau street, N.Y. To publishers of newspapers throughout the United States Newspapers sopying this advertisement eutiro. without any alteration or abridgment, (including this notice,) and giving it a few inside insertions, shall receive a copv of any of our $2 60 or $3 works, subject to their order" bv sending direct to the publisher. mnr <jaL. 3 The Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat Company (ERICSSON LINE) 'gfeHave resumed their operations for tho r ,?iV..-ij-,T-Tdyear with increased mouns of accommo dating the trade between Philadelphia and Baltimore, in the most regular and expeditious manner, and at their former materially reduced price*, boing, on . dry goods, hardware, Ac., only 10 cents per 100 pounds, and but hall >he price charged by other lines. Persons wishing to avail themselves of the facilities and moderate prices of the Line, are advised to give explicit and positive directions for sending their goods to the Ericsson Line, aud they should be particular to possess themselves of the roceipts which aro invariably given for their goods. In those are stated tho prico charged for transportation ; and It will prove a protection againat the double rate* ex acted by other linos, who have no published rates. Goods destined for the West, South, or other places be yond Baltimore, forwarded promptly on the day of their arrival, with every care and attention, free of all charge whatever for this aervice, In tho shape of commissions or otherwise. New York.?Goods shipped from Now York, or other places eastward of that city, should be distinctly con signed to A. Oboves, jr., Philadelphia, to insuro their con veyance by this Line. Freight to or from Baltimore, as above, 10 cents per 100 pounds. Coarse freights taken at still less rates. The established character and known reputation of thi? company is an ample guarantee to those disposed to con-1 tide their property to the care of the company. Ono or more of the company's boats leaves Philadelphia from tho upper side of Chestnut street wharf every day, (Sunday excepted,) at 3 o'clock, arriving in Baltimore oarly next morning. Apply in Philadelphia to A. GROTKS, jr., Agent, No. 10 South Wharves, above Chestnut st. In like manner a boat leaves Baltimore, daily. (Sundav excepted,) at half-past 2 o'clock. Apply in Baltimore to J. A. SHRIYER. Agent, No. 3 Light st., mar 24? near the Depot of the B. A O. R. R, Wew York India Rubber WarehouicT )IIODGMAN,27 Maiden Lune and 69 NaHsau street. . (first eornor from Broadway,) New York. Factorv foot of Twenty-fourth street, East River. Merchants throughout the United .States are rosisjctfullv informed that my spring stock of India HubberGoods will be found far superior to any before offered, having be stowed upon each individual article the benefit of my long experience in manufacturing, which enables me to war rant entire satisfaction. Among the most important, I would call attention to my extensive stock of Carriage Cloth, of all widths, from 3-4 to 6-4 inclusive, and made on the choicest drills and ol the best of gum. Purchasers will find that It will neither crack, peel, nor become sticky, as Is the case with much that has been and continues to be sold in this city. INDIA RUBBER CLOTHING, Consisting of Coats, Cloaks, Capes, Pouches, Pants, Over alls, Leggings, Boots, Caps, Ac., now so extensively worn by farmers, physicians, drivers,sea captains, sailors, Ac. Baptismal Pants, manufactured expressly for the clergy. Ladies' and Gentlemen's Gloves?a perfect cure for chap ped hands by wearing them for a short time, at the same time bleaching and rendering them soft and delicate These Gloves aro also much worn by Hatters, Tanners. Masons, Ac., being a perfect protection against acid and lima. Machine Belting and Steam Packing, In every variety, and cheaper and better than any thine which can be substituted for either. Also, a large stock of Overshoes, Garden and Engine Hose, Whips, Morse Covers, Horse Fenders, Hoof Boots. Beds, Life Preservers, Breast Pumps, Syringes, Tobacco Wallets, Finger Stalls, Paper Holders, Door Springs, Ac., Ac., besides an Immense stock of India Rubber Dalit, and other fancy articles, such as Elastics, Dolls, Dogs, and other animals of various kinds. Pure Rubber Onion t for hatters' use. All orders executed with dospateh. ?nar?4? P. HODGMAN. 8TIMSON ft CO.'8 New York, New Orleans, and Mobile Express, CONNECTING with the swiftest and most responsible expresses between the principal towns in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con necticut, Lower Panada, New York State, Delaware, Penn ?ylvanla, Maryland, District of Colnmhia, Indian*, Ohio, Illinois, the Western States generally, the Mississippi and Alabama rlveT towns, and the prominent places in Geor gia and the Carolines. 1 Our facilities are so extensive and perfact that we can secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight, trunks, packages, and valuable parcels, from one end ol the country to the other, and between the most remote points. From our many years' oxperience in the express busi ness, while connected with Messrs. Adams A Co.. and our numerous advantage* in other respects, (not the least of which is the confidence and patronage or the New York community,) we feel assured that we shall never ceane to give the most entire satisfaction to our friends, the jewel lers, bankers, and merchants generally. We beg leave to call attention to ourCalifarnia Express from New Orleans, and our Express between New Orleans and Mobile. Offices: St. Charles note] Building, New Orleans, and 10 Wall street, New York. mar 24?tf VJ-KW YORK JOURNAL OF MIDI ?tn? the Collateral Science* for ? . Thn March number of this well estab lifflod Journal Is now before the pnblic, eontalninpj original communications from the fallowing talented writers of the Medical Profession: W. H. Van Huron, M. D, c?m of ova rian tumor, in which deatli resulted from en tojo peri foal Hp arising from a novel cause, Illustrated by a plate; re mark r on tetanus, by Kara P. Itannet, M. D., of Connecticut; mp ? nre of bladder, by J. Kneeland, M. D.; reports of hospital caeea, by F. D. Lenta, M, D.. and others of much interest by Drs. Sweat,, Churoh, and f tar. The Foreign and Amerioao Medical Retrospect Is foil and complete;. Bibliographical notices of all the late Eng lish and American Medical w?rk*< Ac. Published every other ?ionth,at$? per annum, each nlumber containing 144 pages. a?i *a?a aumbcf aarU to any part of theaonatry gratis on application, peat paid,to R. F. HUDSON. AgenC mar 84? M Wall street, New Took, IRISH EMIGRANT SOCIETY. Office, No. 1 Keade Street, New York. IN consequence of the greet number of complaints wbfcb have for a long time been made by Emigrants, of frauds committed upou Ut?m in tbo Heading of uiouey to their friends iu Ireland, and to aid and protect the Emigrant, the Irish Emigrant Society eetablishod a fund, deposited in the Bank of Ireland, upou which they draw drafts, payable ut sight, at auy of tho b.*anoh?e of the Baa*. Persons residing out of the oity, by enclosing in a letter the sum they wish forwarded, wijji the plainly written direction to whom and where it is to ?>e paid, will have the same remitted. There Is a groat advantage in purchasing the Society's drafte?thut the Bank has a Branch in each of the princi pal towns In Ireland, and thus the loises by discount, aiid otherwise, are avoided. The Society keeps an office at No. 22 Spruce street, to which Emigrants can apply to obtain situations for which they are fitted. Orders from employers in the country, stating the ser vices required, the wanes, and tli? cheapest modes of con veyance, and giving a reHpectabic reference, will meet with prompt attention. The Society will be thankful for all circumstantial and early Information of any fraud, imposition, or outrage committed on Emigrants, and will endeavor speedily to apply a remedy. GREGORY DILLON, President. HUail KELLY, ) JAM KS MATHEWS, > Vice Presidents. JAMES REYBUItN, ) Edward O. Donnkily, Corresponding Secretary. Kikrnan 1). Dalt, ltecording Secretary. Josxpii Stuart, Treasurer. BXECUTIVH COMMITTEE. Felix Ingoldsby, WDliam Redmond, William Watson, Francis Mann, John Manning, James Stuart, Terence Donnelly, Stuart J. Mollan, James Olwell, Cornelius II. Sheehan, Charles M. Nanry, John Nicholson, mar 24 Hardware, Cutlory, Edge Tools, &c. CIIAKLm S. LITTLE, Impobtjeb and "?general dealoi in English, Gorman, and % American Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Tools, ? Ac., 33 and 34 Fulton street, opposite the United States Hotel, Now York, respectfully invites the attention of Merchants, making their purchases, to his very extensive assortment, comprising every tkiug in the line, and to which new and constant supplies are being added. Ilis variety of Tools Is adapted to all the various hranrhes of mechanics, especially Coopers and Carpenters Particmar attention given to all orders, all of which are offered at the lowest market prices for cash or on approved Cut and Wrought Nails, Locks and Latchets Knives and Porks, Pen and Pocket Knives Razors, Scissors and Shears, in great variety Skates, Slates, Sleigh Bells, loose and strapped Shovels, Spades, Hoes, Porks, Scythes and Snathes Rifles, Black Lead Pots, and Sand Crucibles Pumps, for wells or cisterns; Force Pumps and Hydrau lic Rams Ames' Pump, Augers and Runivers Turkey Oil Stone, dressed and undressed Scotch Water of Ayr Stone, for marble polishers Coopers'Tools, in great variety, of the most celebrated manufacturer!, Alberteon, Conger, Uorton, Barton, and others ' Coachmakers' Tools House and Ship Carpenters' Tools Blacksmiths' Tools, Cabinet makers' Trimmingi House and Ship builders' Hardware House furnishing Hardware, in great Tariety Iron, Brass, Copper, and Steel wire Genuine Haarlem Oil, and Nuremberg Salve. mar 24? J. n. HAVENS, W. MYER, A CO., Tnventort and Manufacturers of the Ethiopian and Fire proof faint, Wilmington, Clinton Co., Ohio. W MYERS, No. 319 Main street, near Sth, Cincinna > ti, Ohio, to whom all orders must be addressed The superiority of this paint over all other, for carriage, house, and ship painting, will be seen in its rapid sale It Is not over four months since this paint has been Intro ?luced into market, and our agent has been able to ord?r one hundred tons. The paiuL is ground in oil, and put tip ready for use, from the finest black down to any shade to suit the fancy. Also, inventors and manufacturers of Tannen' Black ing. Tills article Is so universally approbated by all who have used it, that it scarcely needs commendation. But to give confidence to those who may not havo tried it, we would say that Z. C. Ryon. foreman to A. M.Taylor A Co., I Columbia stroet, Cincinnati, has authorized us to use his uame as a recommendation to tanners in general. To all who know Mr. Z. C. Ryon this would be sufficient; but all tanners in the city and country, who have used It, haTe granted us this privilege. If it were necessary we could fill a newspaper with testimonials; but where all who use are pleased we deem it uncalled for. The Tanners' Blacking is put up in kegs containing six gallons, ready for use, and will be sent to any point on the canal, railroad, or river, at fifty cents per gallen. All orders should be addressed, post paid, to HAVENS A CARROL, Wilmington, Clinton co., Ohio; or J- U- nAYENS, Cincinnati. Also, inventors and manufWcturers of ? Waltr-proof Blacking for Oil-cloth, that will reduce the oost fifty per ixsqt., an?l will soon be in market. mar 24 FREEMAN HODGES A CO, Importers and jobbers, 68 Libirttstrut,New York, (between Broadway and Nassau.) arc now re ceiving a rich and beautiful ossortment of Fancy Silk and Millinery Goods, to which we would particularly invite the attention of all Cosh Purchasers, and will make it an ol* ject for them to give us a oali, as we are determined to sell our assortment, for Cash, lower than ever before offered In this market. Milliners can supply themselves with every article In their line, at about the oost of Importation or Auction prices. Many of our goods are manufactured expressly for our own sale, and cannot be surpassed lor beauty or [low prices. Rich Hat and Cap Ribbons, a large variety Silk* and Satins for Bonnets Embroidered Capes, Collars, Cuffs, and Chemisette Embroidered Edgings and Insertings, Swiss and Muslin Thread, Brussels Valencieno, Silk, and Lisle Thread Laces Embroidered Reverie and t'.nln Linen Cambric Hkfs. Gloves aud Mits, Kid, Silk, Lisle Thread, and Sewing Silk Scarfr, Cravats, and Dress Hkfs. Swiss, Jaconet, Book Muslins, and Bishop Lawn* Embroidered, Damask, and Plain Canton Crape Shawls A full assortment of Straw Goods French and American Artificial Flower* With a large variety not mentioned abova. All wishing to avoid paying long prices will make mo ney by calling and satisfying themselves. [mar 24?tf SUED AND AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE. TOOLS, ' Ac., Ac.?WHOLESAU AND Rrtau.?No. 1W4 V? Market \ Street, Philadelphia.?We offer to our triends and custo mers the largest assortment of Agricultural Implements, Garden Tool*, and Seeds ever offered In this market, con sisting in part of the following, viz: I PROUTY A MEARS' Patent Highest Premium Self sharpenlnr PI/OUGHS, right and left handed Side Hill Subsoil, of variou* sice*, of superior materials and work manship, warranted to give satisfaction, or the money returned. Abt/r ffighett /Vrmtum* awarded to these PL0UGU9 at the New York State Fair for 1R60. Also. | I leaches and Bar Share Ploughs. Spain's Improved Barrel Churn, constructed In such n maimer that the dasher may be removed fr?m the inside of the Churn by simply unscrewing the handle from the dasher. Hay, Straw, and Corn Stalk Cutter* in great variety. I among which may be found Harvey'* superior Premium Straw Cutter, of every size. Also, Horse Power*, Threshing Machines, Fan Mills. I Corn Shelters, Cliee.se Presses, Seed Planters, Dirt Scraiiers. I Sugar Mills, Ox Yoke* and Bow*, Turnip Drills, Horse Hakes, Grain Cradle*. Expanding and Extra Cultivators. ' Harrows. Snathe, Scythes, Concaved Hoes, Spring tem pered Cast Stool Oval and Square tinod Manure and Hay Forks, Pruning Shears and Chisels, Beach and Bnr Shear Repairing Pecies and Castings, Peruvian,' Patagonia nnd Prepared Guano, together with a complete assortment of ' Grass, Garden, and Field Seed, all of which will be sold at J the lowest possible prices, at 194 Market street. Phlla. mar 24?tf PROUTY A BARRETT. French and German Looklng-Olata Depot, No. 76 Baltimore Street. BARRATT A DEBEET, Carvers and Gliders, manufac turer* of every variety of Plaio and Ornamental Looking-Glass and Picture Frame*. Window Cornices, Bracket*, Bracket Tables, Cellltig Moulding*. Ac., Ac. Also constantly on hand, a fall assortment, of Gilt and Mahogany Framed Looking Glasses. Old work re-gilt, glasses inserted in old Frames, Ac. Prices low and work unsurpassed in beauty of finish and durability by any >ther establishment. The public is resnectftilly Invited to examine our stook before purchasing elsewhere. SCHNrEWIND 00., IMPORTERS, No. 8* Market *treet, Philadelphia; No. 10? Broadway, New York, are now rnoelving and offer for sale, V Market price*, an excellent assortment of the following good*; Cloth* and Doeskin*, of Oever* A Schmidt, Sehnabel's, Roekschurmann A Schreeder, and others, consigned to th*m direct from tn* man niacin r*rn. ftr*eh, Swis?, and German Silks, Fancy and Staple Goodn, of the b?stinake?aud sty lea, suitable for the Ipring . nssrsirfi et ss-jm.* tar mar 94? AMERICAN TELEGRAPH A. Ptrtom) C?r<l In relation to th? Liquor Bill?No. 4. To the Editor* of the American Telegraph. Gentlemen :?I shall have meroy upon you and your readers, by making this my last, and very brief. I am inclined to think that farther disounsion will not do much good, and ;shall not run the risk of being thought desirous of newspaper notoriety by spinning out the controversy further than what 1 may deem necessary for the public good. 1 bring this matter to a close earlier than I had originally intended, because I propose in troducing next Monday a new, and, 1 hope, more comprehensive and successful act, wherein I intend to embrace my own more doiiberatc and final views in reference to the subject, and the discussion of and action on which attempt at amendment of the " modus operandi" will, I flatter myself, he productive of bonefit to the community at large. I have now to defend myself from the charge that the ultraism and hardness of the bill, as proposed by me, will defeat its operation, and bring the law into disrepute. It seems to me sufficient, in answer to this objeotion, to re mark, that desperate diseases require desperate cures. I started under a conscientious oonvic tion that the abuse of ardent spirits is here, as elsewhere, the fruitful source of crime aud wickedness. I wished to avoid both Scylla and Charybdifi?to steer clear of actual prohibition and culpable encouragement. 1 Bought to make those living on, and owning property in, any square of the city the judges whether an estab lishment for the vending of spirituous liquorB should be opened there or not. Perhaps I may have been wrong in binding the applicants down to six white owners of real estate, and calling for an oath; but I felt that the evil was a great one, and that I would, if supported by the community and my brother mem bers, come as near prohibition as possible. It seems, from the result, that I have made a miscalculation. I therefore feel it no degrada tion or humiliation, finding that I have counted without my host, to offer a' more practicable and yet sufficient remedy for the disease. The public interested in the matter will be able to judge of the supposed panacea, when it is brought before the Boards. Buffice it to say in advance, that I propose to make the majority of the parties interested, and that directly, the jugdes whether a license for a tavern, ordinary, or drinking-shop, is to be issued and located on their square or not. We shall soon see who of the Council are in favor of this republican rule, that the majority shall control in matters of public interest and import. I hope, by the pro visions of my forthcoming act, to reconcile effi ciency with moderation, and to arrange it so that the law shall be executed. And whatever the members of the Councils shall determine, I trust, will bo carried Into op eration at all hazards. I want to try the ex periment, whether it is in our power or not to execute acts more stringent than those now in our statute book, and flatter myself that our community is not so far dead to self-respect and its best interests, as to confess that our legislation is a farce, and the will of parties, whose ill-gotten gains may be affected by reform and improvement, is to be the only guide and influence which those who make our laws art* to consult and care for. 1 am glad to see that the Mayor has brought the subject before the Councils, and recommend ed some action on their part for the control of this growing evil. This recommendation will aid the consideration of the project which, as a substitute for my previous views, I propose in troducing at our next meeting. In the mean time, confident that all sensible and patriotic citizens agree in the admission of the evil, and the necessity of devising some kind of cure, and feeling satisfied that the ball which I have thought it my duty to put in motion will, in the course of its progress, bring benefit and conso lation to the majority, I look forward with much of hope, not unmixed with some anxiety, to the reception which my fellow members will give I my measure when itshfdl be formally presented for thoir examination and action. Whatever mnj' be the result, I fee 1 satisfied, from my acquaintance with the members with whom I have the honor to serve, that their de cision will be honest and conscientious, if for my bill, I shall feel happy, and hope for perma nent and good effects for our community at large. If against, I shall regret it; but, con scious of having moved from good motives and for good ends, shall make up my mind to meet the best way I can the public verdict, assuring those for or against, that for me, personally, the result is comparatively of but slight im portance?for them a matter of deep and real interest and concern. By the movements in your Hoards of Aldermen and Common Coun cil, fellow-citizens, shall you thrive or suffer. God grant that we may legislate for your real good! Y ours respectfully, John Carroll Brknt. To th* Editor* of thf Amrriran TlclryapX. Having noticed **Democrat," in your last evening'* paper, repeating his misstatement of facts in relation to Mr. R. J. Walker's kindness, amiability, and unproscriptive spirit while Se cretary of the Treasury, permit me to refer him j to the.records of any bureau under his control, I the First, Second, Third, &c. ho. Auditors' office, particularly the Second and Third Audi j tor and the General Land office, in which he will find the fact that a more ruthless proscrip I tionist never lived than this same "amiable" Mr. Walker; and I am astonished at " Demo crat's" barefaced repetition that Mr. Walker was no proscriptionist. There was not a bureau where this " Marat," as ho was called, of Mr. Folk's administration, did not proscribe. Let the shade of poor Mr. James, one of his victims, answer. Go, Mr. " Democrat," and inquire at all and every office under Mr. Walker, and you will find that a more unrelenting tyrant never lived ; and you should be cautious henoeforth how you speak of this "kind," this "amiable" and " unproteripltve," "gentlemanly " Mr. Walk !er, for remember the well known maxim of law, ''faints in uno," &o. "Commentator" has ample materials in hand, no* only for Mr. Cor win and the independent M*? Stnart, but for others; and we all say to him, spare not and apply the lash, for the Whig party placed both of these dignitaries where they Are, not for the , benefit of the Democrats ox corrupt Whigs, and certainly not for the Locofocos. A Citizjsn. Wasiumotoh, August 27, 1861. Tha communication of " A Democrat" was repeated in otfr paper ywiterday, ty * slnjftitar mistake From the Southern Press. Cuua.?Whatever may be the opinions of Americans respecting the character of the inva sion of Cuba by volunteers from this country, there can bo but one feeling on reading the details of the horrible massacre committed at Havana. We are not for justifying interference with neighboring and friendly States; but we are against hastily styling the invaders " pirates; inuftntuch an, they have been invited by the in habitants, backed by the strongest assurances of support, and urged by entreaties to aid in liberating them from oppression aud tyranny. Rash and enthusiastic men have listened to these appeals. They have been mot by the agents of oppression with resolution, and those who have fallen into their ruthless hands have paid the penalty of their venture with their lives. All war is piracy, except in national defence. If ever there were pirates, kings and generals | huve been such. Their invasions were piratical in the truest sense, because no good end was to bo served ; nothing but plunder, vengeance and ambition of the worst kind, was to be gratilied by them. Here, however, is what many will call a legitimate and good result to be attained? the liberation of a beautiful country from the caprice and oppression of a distant government. The invaders are invited by the inhabitants, whose grievances are made known to them, and the success of the enterprise would be hailed with pleasure, we do not hesitate to say, by the whole world. The men have gone?not to plunder, not to devastate a country, not to rob friends or foes, or insult women, (common crimes of invading armies,)?but to rescue a people long pantiug for liberty. Such men do not deserve the epi thet of pirates; and Americans will be the last to apply it to men who risk their lives in so glorious a cause. It is the fashion to talk of neutrality, and yet to treat as legitimate acts the despotic interfer ence of European powers with the right of other nations seeking freedom. Surely, freemen have as much right to take sides actively with the oppressed, as the despot with the oppressor. Indeed, the right is justified by the fact that it is in the cause of humanity. Cuban Annexation is strongly opposed by the Charleston Mercury in a leading article evincing much thought, although partaking of the peouliar slavery sentiments which pervade every subject treated of by the South Carolina press. The Mercury argues that tho annexation of Cuba would be followed by deplorable con sequences, but denies that the effect would be to draw slaves to Cuba from the northern slave States of the Union, because the present organ ization of the system of slavery in Cuba, which 1 is a Belf-cxhausting one, would, in case of an nexation, be altered and assimilated to that of our own southern States, which the Mercury believes to be social, kindly, and self-sustain ing. The Mercury points out what it considers two rmdXittmX d?fect? in tho Cubwn ?yeWm, which it thus states: . ?'1. The Spanish law sallow slaves to buy their freedom, by obtaining a valuation from public functionaries, and paying up tho amount as they ean. Hence there is a constant inroad upon the slave population by emancipation, and there is at this time in Cuba a free population, nearly equal to the whole of the same olass in the United States. "2. The slave trade, within the last thirty years, has had a peculiar character. Denounced as piracy by the great nations, it has necessarily taken much of the cruel character of piracy. Tho difficulties in the way of transporting slaves have given rise to the disproportionate impor tation of males, both because they could best endure the trials of the passage, and perform most labor when introduced. In the census of Cuba for 1827 there were one hundred and eighty-three thousand male Blaves, and one hundred and three thousand females. VVe have not seen a later census embodying this item; but the disproportion of tho sexes has uot been diminished. Slavery has been in Cuba rather an industrial speculation than a social institu tion ; and the oousequence of this incessant emancipation on the one hand, and the substi tution of newly imported Africans on the other, j has been that the institution has assumed a pe culiarly harsh character, eminently unfavorable to the duration of life. We have heard it said that forty years is the ordinary limit of the life of a slave on the sugar plantations, and that for a considerable portion of the year they work eighteen hours in the day. "Now in regard to each one of these consider ations, we think it nearly certain that the re lease of Cuba from the Spanish dominion would work a great change in favor of the permanent character and natural increase of tho slave population. Tho cessation of the slave trade would soon put an end to the emancipation sys tem, and with it to the still worse system of working slaves with an eye to exacting from their sinews the greatest amount of labor. Tho Mercury, however, opposes the annexa tion of Cuba, because the union would be incon gruous and unnatural, and " because it. is for the interest of the South that there should be 1 y ii ii," lugcincr with some other reasons affecting consolidation, the increase of tho army and navy, tho perni cious effect of extended dominion, ctc.?Ledger. From Salt Lak*.?E. Uenniston, of Kala mazoo county, Michigan, and Lucius A. Booth, of Torre Haute, from California and i->a!t L,ake tkn riotnrflnf. vostcr be driven from the country. Tlte Gardiner Claim. from the New York Herkld. Washington, Aug. 22, 1861. I havo just liad a conversation with a very candid and intelligent member of the Grand Jury of this district, wbich brought ia true bills, for perjury, against George A. and J. Carlos Gardiner. lie says tbat most of the pa pers upon which the late Hoard of Commiasion ers awarded the Gardiner Claim and the Muara Cliiiin were before the Grand Jury, subject to inspection and comparison, at the time the true bills for perjury were rendered. He states that there were three memorials addressed to the Board of Commissioners, all, as was understood, in the handwriting of Gen. Waddy Thompson, which were signed, respec tively, \>y George A. Gardiner, J. Carlos Gar diner, and J. H. Mears. The memorial signed by J. Carlos Gardiner was, in many respects, word for word, the same as the one signed by Dr. George A. Gardiner. Although it was not a leading point of in quiry for tbe Grand Jury to ascertain the where abouts of the sum of $428,750, paid out of the Treasury on the Gardiner award, yet this branch of inquiry came up incidentally. Tho papers showed the several sums paid to Dr. Gardiner, his agents, and attorneys. Tho Grand Jury added up all the amounts paid to Dr. Gardiner's agents and attorneys, and, sub tracting the aggregate of these amounts from the award of $428,750, it was found that the sum of $80,000 was left?which sum was paid over to Dr. Gardiner. My informant states that a small part of this sum of $86,000 Dr. Gardiner took with him iu money ; that he de posited tho remainder with the banker, W. W. Corcoran, esq., but took letters of credit for the whole amount, whioh he carried away with him. Among the papers was a memorial to the Board of Commissioners, from Wm. W. Corco ran, esq., praying to bo allowed one quarter of the award on the Gardiner Claim which he had purchased* and also a statement from tbe Trea sury Department, that $107,000 and upwards of said award had been paid to said Coroorau. This statement is somewhat in conflict with the one rendered by Mr. Corcoran before the Court, at the timo of the arrest of Mr. J. Car los Gardiner, when be stated tbat he had no interest in said Gardiner Claim. The more this whole subject is explored, the worse it seems to appear. General Waddy Thompson, one of the leading attorneys for Dr. Gardiner, has been staying with Gov. Corwin, another of the attorneys, at the latter^ resi dence, for some ten days past, looking with the Secretary of the Treasury over the whole ground, to see what can be done, and what is best to be done in the matter. He has now left for his home in South Carolina. Before leaving, as I am informed, he stated to a friend, that if the Gardiner Claim should be proved to have been an out-and-out forgery, be would give op tbat portion of the award on it wbicb he received Cor bin services; but if it should prove to have been only an exaggeration, be should do no such thing. From Santa Fe.?Mr. H. Barthel, of Santa Fe, was a passenger in the Cataract, yesterday morning, from the Missouri river. He brings no later advices than were previously received, but we learn from him one or two items of in terest. The corn crop in New Mexico, it was feared, would prove a failure. Business was dull, and things wore rather a gloomy appear ance. A man by the name of Harris, of Missouri, who went out as a passenger in Sims k Mc Cauley's train, died on the 28th July, and was buried on Mud Creek. When M. B. saw the grave the body bail been disinterred by the beasts and birds, and was nowhere to be seen. Russell & Jones's train was met at theMoro; Ilubbell's, at Cimerone ; Spencer's, at same place; Otero's, at Rio Jornada; Maj. Ruggles's, at Fort Mackay ; Aubrey's, at Big Cow Creek; Maj. Miles's, at Turkey Creek; and a Mormon party at Rio Colorado. All were gettiug along well. No sickness, except a few cases at Fort Mackay, only three of wbich were fatal. ^St. Louit lirpub., 18Ih. Cuba.?A mercantile house in this city has furnished us with a letter from a well-known firm of Havana, dated the 16th instant, which states tbat the disturbances in the interior, those which preceded Lopez's landing, were all quelled, and tbe parties concerned were under going trial. It says, further, that the public tranquillity of Havana has not been interrupted in the slightest degree.?Rich. Dnpatch. So then there were disturbances. We did not know this was to be admitted. The steamship Africa sailed from New York yesterday with seventy-one passengers and $867,000 in specie. " The FitLinrsTERs."?This term is not gen erally understood ; but the New Orleans paper which gives the definition nays, " It was famil iarly used in the French and other languages as flescrintive of n /*lo?a of ?<1ronturorq of all na tions, who, during the last half of the seven teenth century, infested the West India islands and the coasts of Central Amerioa, for the pur poses of piracy, and who were, in English, more commonly termed Buccaneers. The term was derived from the Spanish name of a light-boat, a vessel then in common use in the West In dies." The Rev. H. J. Durbin, brother of the Rev. John P. Durbin, of Philadelphia, died recently at Grecnsburg, Ind., from the effects of Injuries received during the prevalenoe of a storm. Many years ago he was a member of the Indi ana Legislature, from Switzerland county. Stnoiucal Action on Dancing.?Tbe new school Presbyterian Synod of the Western Re serve, at its late meeting, passed a minute con demning the practico of dancing, and enjoining on church sessions to institute discipline when ever It occurs among their members. It is estimated tbat there are at present one hundred and twe?ty-five miles ni sewers in New York, of whioh eleven were constructed during the paet yoax; and within the present year,, it is more than probable tbat about thirteen milee will be added, making in lilt on* fcutiflrW and forty-eight miles of sewers. A spoiled child is an unfortumtta vielim, who prove* the weakness of hie parent*' judgment much more forcibly than the strength (if their rfea^on. The Jersey City advertises f?r "an intelligent flrl, ten fitHUlte ymn et iM. *? feed on an Adame*