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WASHINGTON:' MONDAY AFTERNOON, OCTOBER 27. 1851,
Hegrafl PRICE 2 CENTS, VOL. I.?NO. 186, AMERICAN TELEGRAPH PUBiaflHKD EVERY AFTERNOON, (?XCKPT SUNDAY,) On Tth at., opposite Odd-Fellows' Iiall, BT CONNOLLY, WIMER * McGILL, At Ten Cents a Week, or TWO CENTO A SINGLE COPY. To subecriberi^servtid by the carrier#, the paper will be furnished regularly tor ten cenlt per toeeJc, payable weekly. - 4Qr To mail subscribers, $6 a year; $i 60 for six month.-!; fl 25 for three months; 60 oeute a month No paper mailed unless paid for in ttdvanoe, and discon tinued when the term paid tbr expires. CASH TJSttMS OF ADVERTISING. Half square, (6 lines or leas,) four insertions ...., $1 00 1 square, 1 or 3 ius. . $1 00 1 do 2 months . . 7 00 1 do 1 week .... 1 76 | 1 do 8 months . . 10 00 1 do 2 weeks ... U 76 | 1 do 0 mouths. . ltt OC 1 square, 1 month... 4 00 | 1 do 1 year .... 80 00 JWwe lines (or over six) make a square?longer adver Adtsrtisihb will plenee endeavor to send In their &vors before 11 o'clock, if possible. General Emigration and Passage Office, Ao. 37 Burling Slip, New York, near Fulton firry. I^llK subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and . the public, that his arrangements are such for bring' lug out and forwarding passengers to and from Liver poo, by the old and favorite Black Star Line of Packets, sailing to and from New York and Liverpool every week, as U> ensure cheap and quick conveyances. The ships com prising this Hno are ail new and first class packets, com manded by old and experienced Commanders. Also, Agent for the Star Line of Glasgow Packets, sail ing every month. Also, Agent for the splendid Line ol New York uud Louisiana Line of New Orleans packets, sailing every week. Drafts at sight furnished for any amount on England Ireland, aud Scotland. TUOS. U. OBllI EN, mar 1I -- 37 Hurling 8lip, 2 doors from South it. The New York and Liverpool United States Mail Steamers. The ships comprising this line are the? ATLANTIC, Capt. West. PACIFIC, Capt. Nye. A ItCTIC, Capt. Luce. AD1UATIC, Capt. Grafton. These ships, having lieen built by contract, expressly for Government service, every care has been taken in their construction, as also in their engines, to insure strength and speed, and their accommodations for passengers are unequalled for elegance or comfort. Price of passage from New York to Liverpool, $130; ex clusive use of extra sixe state rooms, $326; from Liverpool to New York, ?36. An experienced Surgeon will be attached to each ship. No berth can be secured until paid for. 49* The owners of these ships will not be accountable for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, precious stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are signed therefor, and the value thereof therein expressed. For freight and passage apply to EDWARD K. COLLINS, 60 Wall st., N. Y.,orto BROWN, SHIPLEY A CO., Liverpool. E. G. ROBERTS * CO., 14, King's Arm Yard, London. L. DRAPER, Jr., 8 Boulevard, Montinartre, Paris, mar 24?d PHILADELPHIA AND LIVERPOOL LINE OK Smk PACKETS?Sailing from Philadelphia on the 6th, and from Liverpool on the 1st of every month. Ship SHENANDOAH, Capt. Wm. II. West; Ship EU ROPE, Captain William McDowell; Ship MARY PLEA SANTS, Capt. Anthony Michaels. The above tirst-class ships are built of the best mate _ rials, and comninndud by experienced navigators. Due regard has been paid to select models for speed, with comfort for passengers. Persons wishing to engn je passage for their friends can obtain certificates which will be good for eight mouths. Those who wish to remit money can be accommodated with drafts for ? 1 sterling and upwards, at sight, without disoount. , Goods for the continent will be forwarded free of ex rense of commission, if addressed to James McIIeury, No. , Temple Place, Liverpool. GEORGE McIIKNKY A CO., mar 21?d No. 87. Wnlnut street, Philadelphia. PARKEVILLE1IYDKOPATHIC INSTITUTE. AT* meeting of the Board of Managers of the Parke JL ville Hydropathic Institute, held lifth month 16th. 18M, Joseph A. Wedor, M. It., was unanimously elected Jtesident I'Ui/nci'tn in the place of Dr. Dexter, resigned. Having made various improvements, this institute is now prepared to roceive an additional number of patients; and from Dr. Wcdor's well-known skill and practical rxr jtrrif.net in Europe, (acquired under Vinoenx Preissnita, the founder of the Hydropathic system,) and for several years past in this Country, and particularly in the city of Philadelphia, (where he has had inauv patients,) the Man agers believe the afflicted will find him an able and an attentive physician. The doinest^^epartment being under the charge of i Steward and ftflpDri, will enable the Doctor to devote to ths patients whitever time may be necessary. Application for udmlssion to be made to SAMUEL WKIIB, Secretary. Olllce No. 6H South Fourth street, residence No. 16 Lo gan square, Philadelphia. General Deicri/ttvin of lite l\irkeville Hydropathic Institute. The main building is three stories high, standing back from the street about one hundred feet, with a semicircu lar grass plot ia front, and contains thirty to forty rooms. The grounds around the house are tastefully laid out with walks a.i<l planted with trees, shrubs, 4c. On the left of, the entran-e to these grounds is a cottage containing four rooms, used by male patients as a bathing house, witli every convenience f>r "packing," bathing, Ac.; on the right of the entrance, about two hundred feet distant, stands a similar cottage, used by the ladles for similar purposes. In the rear of the Institute, at the distance of one hun dred feet, are three other cottages, some eighty feet apart. One of these Is the laundry, with a hydrant at the door; the otlier two are occupied by the servants. The hydrant water Is Introduced Into these cottages as well as into the main building, and all the waste water carried off by drains under ground. THE WATKR WOKES Consist of a circular stone building, standing on the brow of ? hill, surmounted by a large cedar renervoir containing Ave hundred barrels, brought from a never-failing spring of pure cold water In the side of the hill, by "a hydraulic ram." a self-acting machine of cast iron, that Is kept con stantly going, night and day, by the descent of the water from the spring. The surplus water is carried from the reservoir to a fountain in the water-works yard, surround ed by weeping willows. In the first story of the water works is a circular room, containing the douche hath, whioh is a stream foiling from a height of about thirty feet, and can tie varied in si*e from half an inch to an inch aud a half in diameter. Adjoining the douche room Is a dressing room, with marble tables, Ac.; the ruing dnnrJie (for the cure of plies, Ac.) is one of the most com plete nontrivances of the kind, being entirely under the oontrol of the patient using the same. There are many other appliances, which can be better understood by a personal examination. mar 24? TO COUNTRY MERCHANTS. FANCY AND 8TAPLK OOODS. MOULTON A CO., Successors to J so. Falcoxi* k Co., (14 Cedar and 22 Pine streets. New York, invite mer chants visiting New York city to their Immense stock of Foreign and Domestic, Fancy and Staple Dry Goods. Their stoo* Is entirely now, and, in addition, still recel re by every steamer new and elegant styles, onnflno<l exclu sively to this house, consisting of every variety of Dri ss Goods to be found In the French, German, English, and American markets,and at prions that will defy competitors. Cash buyers and mernhants generally will do well to eall and examine our stock, as our goods are adapted to ?very section of the oojntry, and we are resolved to spare no efforts to make It the Interest of every merchant to favor us with their patronage. JAMK3 9. MOULTON, JAMES W. BARKER, ZENAS NEWELL. New York, March, 1*61. mar 34? VARVnKrU, GUM COPALS, SPIRITS, TURPEN, TINE, AND AMERICAN LINSEED OIL. 60 eases Gum Copal, mod. and fine Zanzibar, Ac. 400 bbls superior Coach llody, Carriage Oil Cloth Polish ing, Flowing, Horaping, Cabinet and Venitian Bliud Var nishes, No*. 1, 2. and 3. 10 bbls. Slfn and Graining Varnish. 6 do while flowing do 6 do ontside do d? warranted. 10 t fTn^sh. d? * **? ?'WWP< 20 do Painters'Japan. , 'j*' ''"^tdrifs Turpentine, In slued bbls or half bbls. 1000 gallons Am-rlean Linseed Oil. 10,000 lbs. pure White Lead, in oil, at manufacturers' prices. Also. Giim Shellac, Aandrac. Litharge, Red l*?ad Drv White Leaf, Ifl JUJO lb. kegs, whoh?ale and reUll, at the lowest msrket, rate*. Person* purchasing the above will do wsll to call ami ? xamlne for themselves. If. H. Persons wanting Varnishes manufactured will please call, as (he subscriber is prepared to manufacture nil kinds. . HEN-J C. IIORNOR, Ho. II La Grange strset, running from Seoond to Thlrd.be tween Market and Aroh streets, Phlla. mar 84?tf I To Persons out of Employment. NEW PICTORIAL WORKS, ?luat published by K. SEARS, aud for vale at No. IX NmtKHu street, New York. AMERICAN GIFT R'XiKS you 1861.?Agenta are wanted to circulate the following uew aud beautiful works, (retail price, $- 60 per vol.) A new awl complete VICTORIAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND INDIA; with a descriptive account of those countries aud their iuhabitautii, from the earliest period of authentic history to th? pieseut time. In which the editor htm treated uot tuly of the historical events, but also of the maimer*, ustouis, religion, literature, and domestic habits of the people of those Immense empires. The embellishments ure about two hundred, and of the lirst order, illustrating whatever is peculiar to the inhabi tants, regarding their dress, domestic occupations, their mode of agriculture, commercial pursuits, arts, Ac. They .ire accurate, and each one has been made expressly for the work. The volume forms a large octavo, containing between Qve and six hvindred pages, printed in the best style, anil on good substantial white paper. It is furnished to agents, handsomely bound In muslin, gilt, or leather, as the pur chaser may prefer, at a very liberal discount, when <iuau tiUes of not less than twenty copies are ordered at one UBM. . ?? THRILLING INCIDENTS OF THE WARS OF THE IIN1TKD STATES; comprising the most striking and remarkable events of the Itevolution, tho French war, the Tripolitan war, the Indian war, the second war with Gruat Britain, and the Mexican war; with three hundred engravings! Retail price, $2 60 per volume. Orders respectfully solicited. SEARS' PICTORIAL FAMILY PUBLICATIONS are decidedly the best books that agents can possibly em ploy their time in supplying to the people of the United States. They are valuable for reference, and should be possessed by every family In this great republic. There is not a city or town in these United States, not even those of small importance, but contains many citizens to whom these works are indispensable. They are adapted to the literary wants of the Christian, the patriot, the statesman, and the domestic circle, got up in a superior style of art and workmanship; and are not only such books as will sell, but are such as an agent of good principle will feel free to recommend, and willing to see the purchaser again after they have been bought. Our Plaji.?The plan the publisher has so successfully oairied out for several years, is the obtaining responsible c en as agents, who are well known in their own counties, owns, aud villages, and have time and disposition to cir culate good and instructive' books among their neighbors and friends. Any person wishing to embark in the enter prise will risk little in sendivg $'26 or $50, for which he will receive an assortment as he may direct, at the whole sale cash prices. Enterprising and active men of respectability and good address, would do well to engage in the sale of the above volumes; and all postmasters, clergymen, book ppdlars, and newspaper agents, are respectfully requested to act as our agents. A handsome remuneration allowed to all who engage in their sale. For particulars address, post paid, ROBERT SEARS, 128 Natuad street, N. Y. To publishers of newspapers throughout the United States: Newspapers copying this advertisement entire, without any alteration or abridgment, (including this notice,) and giving it a few inside insertions, shall roceive a copy of any of our $2 50 or $3 works, subject to their order, by sending direct to the publisher. mar 24? The JSaltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat Company (ERICSSON LINE) in! .kllave resumed their operations for the ? in.'liivear with increased means of accommo dating the trade between Philadelphia and Baltimore, in the most regular and expeditious manner, and at their former materially reduced prices, being, on dry goods, hardware, Ac., only 10 cents per 100 pounds, and but half the price charged by other lines. Persons wishing to avail themselves of the facilities and moderate prices of the Line, are advised to give explicit and positive directions for sending their goods to the Ericsson Line, and they should be particular to possess themselves of the receipts which are invariably given for their goods. In those are stated the price eharged for transportation; and it will prove a protection against the doublo rates ex acted by other lines, who have no published rates. Goods destined for the West, South, or other places be yond HoJtimore, forwarded promptly on the day of their arrival, with every care and attention, free of all charge whatever for this service, in the shape of commissions or otherwise. Nxw York.?Goods shipped from New York, or other places eastward of that city, should be distinctly con signed to A. Groves, jr., Philadelphia, to insure their con veyance by this Line. Freight to or from Baltimore, as above, 10 cents per 100 pounds. Coarse freights taken at still less rates. The established character and known reputation of this company is an ample guarantee to those disposed to oon lide their property to the care of the company. One or more of the company's boats leaves Philadelphia from the upper side of Chestnut street wharf every day, (Sunday exoepted,) at 3 o'clock, arriving in Baltimore early next morning. Apply In Philadelphia to A. GROVES, jr.. Agent, No. 19 South Wharves, above Chestnut st. In like manner a boat leaves Baltimore, daily, (Sunday excepted,) at half-past 2 o'clock. Apply In Baltimore to J. A. 8IIRIVER, Agent, No. 3 Light St., mar 24? near the Depot of the II. A 0. R. R. New York India Rubber Warehouse. DIIODGMAN,27 Maiden Lane and 59 Nassau street, . (first corner from Broadway,! New York. Factory foot of Twenty-fourth street, F.ast River. Merchants throughout the United States are respectfully informed that my spring stock of India RubberOoods will be found flir superior to any before offered, having be stowed upon each individual article the benefit of my long experience in manufacturing, which enables me to war i rant entire satisfaction. Among the most Important, I would call attention to my extensive stock of Carriage Cloth, of all widths, from 3-1 to 6-4 Inclusive, and made on the choicest drills and of the best of gum. Purchasers will find that It will neither crack, peel, nor become sticky, as is the case with much that has been and continues to be sold in this city. INDIA RUBBER CLOTHING, Consisting of Coats, Cloaks, Capes, Pouches, Pants, Over alls, Leggings. Boots, Caps, Ac., now so extensively worn by fanners, physicians, drivers,sea captains, sailors, Ac. Baptismal Pants, manufactured expressly for the clergy. Ladioe' and Gentlemen tGloves?a perfect cure for chap ped hands by wearing them for a short time, at the same time bleaching and rendering them soft and delicate. These Gloves are also much worn by Hatters, Tanners, Masons, Ac., being a perfect protection against acid and lime. Machine Belling and Steam Ticking, In every variety, and cheaper and better than any thing which can he substituted for either. Also, a large stock of Overshoes, Garden and Engine Hose, Whips, Horse Covers, Horse Fenders, Hoof Boots. Beds, Llfc Preservers, Breast Purnpk, Syringes, Tobacco Wallets, Finger Stalls, Paper Holders, Door Springs, An., Ac., besides an immense stock of India Rubber Balls, and other fancy articles, such as Klastics, Dolls, Dogs,and other animals of various kinds. Pure Rubber Cement for hatters' use. All orders executed with despatch, mar 24? D. HODGMAN. STIMSON & CO.'S yew York, New Orleans, and Mobile Expressr CONNECTING with the swiftest and most responsible expresses between the principal towns in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con necticut, IxiWer Canada, New York State. Delaware, Penn sylvania, Maryland, District of Columbia, Indiana, Ohio Illinois, the Western States generally, the Mississippi and Alabama river towns, and the prominent places In Geor gia and the Carolina*. Our facilities are so extensive and perfect that we can secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight, trunks, packages, and valuable parcels, from one end of the country to the other, and between the most remote points. From onr many years'experience In the express busi ness, while nonnected with Messrs. Adams A Co., and our numerous advantages in other respects, (not the least of which is the confidence and patronage of tlie New York community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to give the most entire satisfaction to our friends, the jewel lers, hankers, and merchsnts generally. We beg leave to call attention to ourCalifornla Express from New Orleans, and our Express between New Orleans and Mobile. Offices: St. Charles Hotel Building, New Orleans, and 19 Wall street, New York. mar 24?tf NKW YORK JOURNAL OF IHEDI. cine and the Collateral Science* for March, 1 8.11.?TluL.March number of this well estal> lished journal Is now before (he public, containing original communications from the following talented writers of the Medical Profession: W. H. Van Buren, M. D., case of ova rinn tumor, in which death resulted f^oin entero-peritonitis Arising from a novel cause,Illustrated by a plate: remarks on tetsims, by Kara P. lion nut, M. D., of Connecticut; rup ture of bladder, by Kneeland, M.D.; reports of hospital casus, by F. D. Lente, M. D., and others of much interest by Drs. Sweat. Church, ami Star. The Foreign and American Medical Retrospect is fnll and complete; Bibliographical notices of all the late Eng lish and American Medical works, Ac. Published every other month, at $3 per annum; each j number containing 144 pages. Specimen number sert to any psrtof thecooatxy gratis j on application, post paid, to R. F. HUDSON, Agent,, Bar 24? * M Wall street, New York. 1 HUSH EMIGRANT SOCIETY. Ojfice, No. 1 Ktade Street, New York. IN ootifnq utmuu of the great number of complaint* vhlcli have for a long time been maue by Emigrant*, of frauds ooiniaitUxl upon them in the sending of money to tbeir friends in Ireland, and to aid and protect the Knilgraut, the Irish Emigrant Society e*tablii-h?d a fund, deposited in the Bank of Ireland, upon which they draw drafts, payable at light, at any of the branches of the bank. Persona residing out of the city, by enclosing in a letter the sum they wish forwarded, with the plainly written direction td whom and where it it to be paid, will have the name remitted. There is a groat advantage in purchasing the Society's drafts?that the Hank hiui a branch in each of the princi pal towns in Ireland, and thus the losses by discount, anu otherwise, are avoided. The Society keeps an office at No. 22 Spruce street, to which Emigrants can apply to obtain situations for which they are lit ted. Orders front employers in the country, stating the ser vices required, the wages, and the cheapest modes of con veyance, and giving a respectable reforeuce, will meet with prompt attention. The Society will be thankful for all circumstantial and early information of any fraud, imposition, or outra^i committed on Emigrants, and will endeavor speedily to apply a remedy. GREGORY DILLON. President. HU01I KELLY, ) JAMES MATHEWS, V Vice Presidents. JAMES KEY1JUKN, J Howard 0. Donnelly, Corresponding Secretary. Kjekna.i li. Ualy, ltecording Secretary. JosEru Stuart, Treasurer. KXKOUTIVK COMMITTEE. Felix Ingoldsby, William Redmond, William Watson, Francis Mann, John Manning, James Stuart, Terence Donnelly, 8tuart J. Molian, James Olwell, Cornelius II. Sheehan, Charles M. Nanry, John Nicholson, mar 24? Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Tools, Ac. CHARLES* S. LITTLE, Importer and general dealer in English, German, and American Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Tools, Ac., 33 and 31 Fulton street, opposite the United States Hotel, Now York, respectfully invites the attention of Merchants, making their purchases, to bin very extensive assortment, comprising every thing in the line, aud to which new and constant supplies are being added. His variety of Tools is adapted to all the various branches of mechanics, especially Coopers and Carpenters. Particular attention given to all orders, all of which are offered at the lowest market prices for cash or on approved credit: Cut and Wrought Nails, Locks and hatchets Knives and Forks, Pen and Pocket Knives Razors, Scissors and Shears, in great variety Skates, Slates, Sleigh Dells, loose and strapped Shovels, Spades, Hoes, Forks, Scythcs and Snathes KiUes, Black Lead Pots, and Sand Crucibles Pumps, for wells or cisterns; Force Pumps and Hydrau lic Kains Ames' Pump, Augers and Runivers Turkey Oil Stone, dressed and undressed Scotch Water of Ayr Stone, for marble polishers Coopers' Tools, in great variety, of the most celebrated manufacturers, Alburtson, Conger, Uorton, Barton, and others Coachmakers' Tools House and Ship Carpenters' Tools Blacksmiths' Tools, Cabinet makers' Trimming* House and Ship builders' Hardware House furnishing Hardware, in great variety Iron, Brass, Copper, and Steol wire Genuine Haarlem Oil, and Nuremberg Salve. msr 24? J. n. HAVENS, W. MYER, A CO., Inventort ant Manufactureri of the Ethiopian and Fire proof Paint, Wilmington, Clinton co., Ohio. W MYERS, No. 319 Main street, near 8th, Clncinna . ti, Ohio, to whom all orders must be addressed. The superiority of this paint over all other, for carriage, house, and ship painting, will be seen in its rapid sale. It is not over four months since this paint has been intro duced into market, and our agent has been able to ordor one hundrud tons. The paint is ground in oil, and put up ready for use, from the finest black down to any shade to suit tb? fantrv. Also, inventors and manufacturers of Tannrrf Hutch ing. This article is so universally approbated by all who have used it, that it scarcely needs commendation. But to give confidence to those who may not have tried it, we would say that Z. C. Ryon, foreman to A. M.Taylor <fc Co., Columbia street, Cincinnati, has authorized us to use bis name as a recommendation to tanner* in general. To all who know Mr. 7.. C. Ryon this would be sufficient; but all tanners in the city and country, who have used it, have granted us this privilege. If it were necessary wo could fill s newspaper with testimonials; but where all wlio use are pleased we deem it uncalled for. The Tanners' Blacking is put up in kegs containing six gallons, ready for use, and will lie sent to any point on the canal, railroad, or river, at fifty cents per gallen. All orders should be addressed, post paid, to HAVENS i CARROL, Wilmington, Clinton co., Ohio; or J. H. HAVENS, Cincinnati. Also, inventors and manufacturers Of a Watrr^rroof Blacking for Oil-cl"th, that will rednoe the cost filly per rent* ami will soon be In market. mar 24 FREEMAN" HODGES A CO., IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS, 58 Lilertt street, New York, (between Broadway and Nassau,) are now re ceiving a rich and beautiftil assortment of Fancy Si'k and Millinery Goods, to which we would particularly invite the attention of all Cash Purchasers, aud will make it au ol ject for them to give us n call, as we ?re determined to sell iur assortment, for Cash, lower than ever before oflered in this market. Milliners can supply themselves with every article In their line, at about the cost of Importation or Auction prices. Many of onr goods are manufcetured expressh for pur own sale, and caunot be surpassed tor beauty or low prices. Rich irat and Cap Ribbons, a large variety Silks and Satins for Bonnets Embroidered Capes, Collars, Cuffs, and Ohemisetts Embroidered Edgings and lnsertings, Swljs aDd Muslin Thread, Brussels Valenrlene, Silk, and Lisle Thread Laces Embroidered Reverie and !\?i? Linen Cambric Hkfs. Gloves and Mlta, Kid, Silk, Llale Thread, and Sewing Silk Scarfti, Cravats, and Drws> Hkfk. Swiss, Jaconet, Book Muslins, and Bishop I .awns Embroidered, I Him ask. and Plain Canton Crape Shawls A full assortment of Straw Good* French and American Artificial Flowers With a large variety not mentioned above. All wishing to avoid paying long prices will make mo ney by calling and satisfying themselves. [mar 24?tf SEED AM) AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE, TOOLS. Ac., Ac.?Wholesale and Retail?Nr>. l'J4 Market Street, I'hUadelphia.?We offer to our triends and custo mers the largest assortment of Agricultural Implements, Garden Tools, and Seeds ever offered in this market, con sisting in part of the following, viz: , PROUTY A MEARS' Patent Highest Premium Self sharpening PLOUGHS, right and left handed Side Hill Subsoil, of various sizes, of superior materials and work manship. warranted to give satisfation, or the money returned, fbur llu/licit Premium I awarded to those PLOUGHS at the New York State Fair for 1850. Also, Beaches and Bar Share Ploughs. Spain's Improved Barrel Churn, constructed In such a manner that the dasher may lie removed from the Inside of the Churn by simply unscrewing the handle from the dasher. Hay, Straw, and Corn Stalk Cutters In great variety, among which may be found Harvey's superior Premium Straw Cutter, of every size. Also. Horse Powers. Threshing Machines. Fan Mills, Corn Shellers, Cheese Presses, Seed Planters, Dirt Scrapers. Sugar Mills, Ox Yokes and Bows, Turnip Drills, Ilorse Rakes. Grain Cradles, Expanding and Extra Cultivators. Harrows, Snathe, Scythes, Concaved Hoes. Spring tem pered Cast Steel Oval and fUjuare lined Manure snd Hay Forks. Pruning Shears and Chisels, Beach and Bar Shear Repairing Pecles and Castings, Peru > Ian, Pstagonia and Prepared Guano, together with a complete assortment ot Grass, Garden, and Field Seed, all of which will be sold at the lowest possible prices, at 194 Market street. I'blla. mar24?tf PROUTY A BARRETT. French and Oerm&n Looking-Glan Dopot, No. 75 Baltimore Street. BARRATT A DEBKET. Carvers and Gilders, manufsc turers of every variety of Plain and Ornamental l/ooking-Glass anil Picture Frames, Window Cornice*. Brackets, Bracket Tables, Ceiling Mouldings. Ac., Ac. Also constantly on hand, a full assortment of Gilt and Mahogany Framed Looking Glasses Old work re-gilt, glasses Inserted In old Frames, Ac. Prices low and work unsurpassed In beauty of finish snd durability by sny other establishment. The public Is respectfully invited to examine our stock before purchasing elsewhere. 8CHNIBWIND 4 00., I MPORTERS, No. 88 Market street. Philadelphia: No 102 Rroadway, New York, are now receiving and offer for sale, at Market prices, an excellent assortment of the following goods: Cloths and Doeskins, of Gevers A Schmidt. Schiiabel's. Bockschtirmann A Schroeder, and others, oonsigned to them direct from the manufacturers. French, Swiss, and Gorman Silks, Fancy and Staple Goods, of the bnstmakesand styles, suitable forthe spring season. Also, sole agency for the United States of J. M. Caroti A Oo.'s Fancy Gilt and Silk Buttons, and other fabrics, mar 24? AMERICAN TFLKORAl'H Holland?Its Char*c(erl*lici anil It* History. M'MllKU ONK. At a time when both the,situation of our own domestic affairs aud the state of revolutionary feeling in Europe rentind us of the wealth, commercial spirit, and revolutionary exploits of the country commouly culled Holland, it will probably prove interesting, and certainly instructive, to look into the history of this former republic, but now kingdom with much of the republican spirit still running through its institutions. That State which assumes to itself the title of "Empire State" was origin&lly settled by the commercial enterprise of this great people, and multitudes of these who now in/iabit it are the posterity of natives of that country. We shall endeavor to present to our readers, in as condensed a manner as possible, a histori cal account of Holland, or the Netherlands, from the time when its history becomes an ob ject of obviouB interest in the nnnals of Europe, aud of deep philosophical interest to the man ! who believes in the philosophy of history. We j propose to do this in a few successive numbers. Tho development of the history of this coun try will show the growth of its power, and de velope the sources of its great opulence at the present day ; aud the knowledge of these things will suggest most salutary reflections. In geography, Holland,is an appellation ap plied to the seven Uuited Provinces collectively, viz: Guelderland, Holland, Zealand, Utrecht, Overyssel, Groningcn, and Friesland, but prin cipally belonging to the chief of them. This country, once a celebrated republic, derives its nume from the German word llohl, which is synonymous with the English word hollow, and denotes a concave or very low country. The people are called Dutch, from the German Deutsch, or Tcutsch; but Dculschland properly signifies the vast extent of Germany itself, though by the English restricted to a small portion, using a dialect of the German language. These provinces extend from the north of Gro uingen to the southern boundary, along Aus trian Flanders and Brabant, about one hundred and fifty English miles ; and in breadth from the north sea to the kingdom of Westphalia, about one hundred English miles. Their sur face is estimated at ten thousand square miles? less than two-thirds of the State of Maryland; yet the population of this country is computed at about four millions, of course exclusive of her colonies. The country is low and marshy, some parts of it being lower than tho aea, from the inun dations of which it is secured by dikes or dams; and the meadows, which are covered with water in the winter, are freed from it by means of en gines constructed to discharge it into the ditches and canals. Among the marshes that deform the general lace of the country the traveller observes nu merous and important cities aud towns with admiration, aud which excite vivid ideas of the astonishing power of active industry, which has formed a habitable aud enviable abode amidst the greatest natural disadvantages. The marshes, morasses, and heaths which are characteristic of the different provinces arc intermixed with groves, gardens, and meadows. Holland furnishes little scope for what is usu: ally termed agriculture, the land being mostly appropriated to pasturage. In the north of Hol land, and in Friesland, bo excellent are ihe pas tures that good butter forms a prominent staple , arliclo of commerce. Tho chief rivers of Holland are the Rbint) ' and the Meuse. Tho lakes are few afld of small extent, if wo except that called the sea of Haer letu, on the north of which is the Ye, a broad tjhcot of water resembling on arm of tho sea. This country has neither elevated woodlands nor mines. Fish abound on its shores ; but its herrings ore chiefly obtained in the Northern Ocean. The herring trado, once au almost ex clusive possession of Holland, was one of the lirst and greatest sources of its wealth. The climate is cold and humid, and the dress of (he inhabitants is more adapted to warmth than elcgance. The houses and streets, in both the towns and villages, are remarkable for their cleanliness and neatness. The temperament of the Dutch is phlegmatic. Labor and perseverance are among the striking characteristics. It has been asserted of them that they love money more than any other European people ; but the assertion is not true. They are, and have for ages been, more eco nomical than any others, except, perhaps, the Swiss; but the occasions have been numerous and conspicuous in which they have shown, iu a patriotic aud religious cause, an entire disre gard of money; and, paradoxical as the idea may appear, this has been one of the many causes of their great wealth. The canals of Holland, not less numerous than the roads in other countries, have been the channels of commercial and social inter course, serving to augment the inland trade under the decline of their foreign commerce. The Dutch language is a dialect of the Ger man, and proves that they are chiefly of Teu tonic origin. The literature of Holland has maintained an honorable rank. Among those who have contributed to its literary reputation, we may mention Erasmus, Johannes Secundus, (or Hans de Swede,) Grotius, ISoerhaave, Paul Merula, Adrian Junius, Meursius, Doresa, Heinsius, the younger Vossius, and Iloogevien of Leyden, who died in 17'.>4, after acquiring the reputation of being the first Greek scholar in Europe. Holland has five Universities, and many other schools of high repute. At Lowell, music is universally studied, and everybody learns to sing. So should it be everywhere. Sing with the voice, the heart, and the understanding also. To Uckllt. ruou Tint vuuu.s or uixck. Tdetliinks it were no pain to die, Ou such uu eve, when sui h a cky O'eroauopies the \V it, To gaze, uiiil hum, ou yon uulm deep, ? An.l, like ?u iiifmit, fall to sleep Ou earth, uiy mother's breast. There's peace aud welcome ill yon sea Of endless blue tranquillity; The clouds are living tilings; 1 truce their veins of iiijuid gold, I (tee tliein solemnly unfold Their soft and tlcecy wings. These be the angels that convey Ua. weary children of a day Life's tedious nothing o'er? Wlicfo neither passiocs coiuc, nor woeo, To vl's the genius of ropose Ou Death'i nuijustie shore. , Nil darkness there divides the sway With startling dawn and dazzling day; But gloriously serene Are the interminable plains; One fixed, eternal sunset reigns O'er the wide, silent si-one. I ran not banish human fear; 1 know thy gritetiug is severe To this poor shell of clay ; Yet come, O Death ! tliy freeling kiss J?inauclpatas! thy rest Is bliss! I would I were away. Lopez. It is known that in the last anil moat earncBt requests of this gallant and unfortunate man, he evinced the utmost concern lest his papers should betray the names of men who were as sociated with him in his enterprise, and this is fully confirmed by the letter of his brother-in law, Count do l'ozas Dulces, which says: *' In hia la?t nnomenta, when he uas alone with his confcsaor, <utd marching to the place of execu tion, he returned again to thin subject, entreating the good priest to remind me of hia wishes upon this point.'1 This letter appears in the Savannah News, preceded by the following, as caustic and severe as it is just and well-aimed : Savannah, October 19, 1851. To the Editor of the Morning News: Dear Sir: The editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer is entitled to the honor of having invented and circulated the vilest of the raauy calumnies with which a certain portion of the press of this country, less generous and less decorous even than the low rabble of Ha vana, has sought to tarnish the memory of Geueral Lopez. Tacitus informs us that Tibe rius ordered the virgin daughters of Sejanus to be violated before he sent them to the scaffold. La Concha, and James Watson Webb and his followers, have only reversed the order of pro cedure pursued by that eminently bad man; according to their programme, the execution comes first, the desecration next. The former permitted u Catalan mob to mutilate the re mains of the gallant Crittenden and his meu; the latter have assumed the congenial task of besmearing with the slime and venom of their dastardly malice the good name of the fallen Patriot of Cuba. The editor of the Courier and Enquirer, early after the execution of Gen. Lopei, assures its readers that the General had offered, if his life was spared, to make certain disclosures of gt*at importance to the Spanish Government. These disclosures, the editor said, would involve many persons residing upon the Islaud, who had been associated with the general in his revolutionary enterprise. The following letter, which 1 found here on my return from Florida, not only re futes the base charge, but shows that the noble old man's last thoughts and most anxious care were for the safety of those who, like himself, pauted for the liberty of their country. You may, if you think proper, translate and publish this letter. Yours, respectfully, L. J.Siglh. Nolile anil Kloqiirnt Letter. Kossuth, having been denied a passage through France to England, addressed the following let ter to the people of Marseilles, who welcomed him to that city with unbounded enthusiasm: TO TIIK DEMOCRACY OK FRANCE. Citizens: The government of the Frcnch re public haviug refused me permission to pass through France, the people of Marseilles, obey ing the impulse of one of those generous in stincts of the French heart which are a eource of the grandeur of your nation, have honored me by a manifestation of its republican senti ments?a manifestation, honorable from its mo tives, peaceful in its ardor, and majcstic in its calmness, like nature, that great image of God, before a storm. 1 have heard my name mingled with the song of the *' Marseillaise," aud with the cry of ?'Vive la Kepublique!" the only legal cry in France, the only one the legitimacy of which has been purchased by so much of the blood of the martyrs of liberty. It is so uatural to love liberty, it is such a trifling thing to suffer fcr it! It is almost less than a simple duty. Ilut there is a glory in the idea of being identified with the principle of liberty iii the opinion of the French people. 1 have not coveted that glory, but 1 accept in order to merit it. I accept it as a pledge of , sympathy; 1 accept it as,A. proof of the frater nity of the French people ?>r all nations; 1 ac cept it as the word of salvation for my dear country. To you, Frenchmen, republicans, be the honor of that salvation! To us, poor Hungary, be the duty to deserve it. We will deserve it. I My nation will comprehend the appeal of your fraternity; it will be proud of it, and will respond to it bravely, as ought to be done by a people considering it an honor to be called brothers by the French people. That is the only acknowledgment which is-worthy of the people of Marseilles, and worthy of the mani festation with which it has been pleased to honor?not me, but my nation, and the past less than the future. Allow me not to dwell longer on the refusal of the government of the Frcnch republic to accord me a passage through its territory. I know well the French people are not responsi ble for its acts. I know that the executive power is delegated, hut that the honor of the Frcnch nation is not! I will not think more of that refusal, and I wish that humanity may not hear it in mind, if by chance they who have been exiled already, and who have forgotten it, as it appears, should again be placcd in a similar position. Last evening, one of your brethren, a Mar soilles workman?I know his name, and will not forget it?in spite of the cold, swam to the American frigate to press my hand. 1 took the hand with pity, with emotion, and reproached him with his rashness. "What cou'd 1 do? said he: "1 was determined to touch your hand; not finding a boat, I threw my?elf into the water, and here 1 ain. Are these obstacles for a man who is determined to carry out his will ?"' 1 bowed down before thefcc noble words. The love of liberty, the seutiment of duty and fraternity, I possessed before I came to Marseilles; but tbere 1 have fouad the device, " There is no obstacle for bim who is determined to curry out his will." lhat device shall be mine. Louis Kossuiu. On board the Mississippi, in the roadstead of Marseilles, on the 2'Jth September, 1H51. Another Union Speech by Nr. Webatcr. On Friday night a numerous delegation of young Whigs atteuded a muss meeting in 8nlem, and on their return, at a late hour, proceeded with a baud of music to the Kcvero House, where they gave numerous and hearty cheers for Mr. Webster. Mr. W. appeared in the bal cony in answer to the cheers, and made a brief speech to his friends. lie alluded to the laws of the natural world as example for elementary and fixed principles of action in the political world. A crisis would sometimes oscur, when men would be called back to consider the original principles of the government under which they live. We live in such a time, when it seems as if there was an earnest desire to dissolve tho constitution and legal restraints under' which we dwell as a peo ple. But I think the crisis hat passed over. I think the country is recovering itself North and South. There is lese feeling at the South in favor of breaking up the Union. They have found an admirably convenient omnibus in co operation, in which to ride out of their difficulty. How those at the North who are arrayed against the peace and harmony of the country, when they find themselves in a minority??? they ceituinly will?how they will extricate themselves from their position, and in what kind of a conveyance they wid escape, remains to be seen. He wished them well. He wished that they might turn from their insane projects, and with lull hearts acknowledge the blepsinga they enjoy in a country which honors tiiem and which they are bound to honor. Now, he asked, what is in the future for us? Are these States to be severed, and scattered in. shreds mid patches? Is there to be a Northern confederacy, a Southern confederacy, and a Mid dle confederacy? If so, what is to become of the" "A' pluribus unum" which hangs over our heads? . [A voice in the crowd: "Preserved."] Mr. Webster: "Aud I wish to live no longer than it shall be preserved." [Tremendous cheer ing] Now, fellow-citizens, (continued Mr. W.) in the course of events, there are certain questions which lose their prominence, aud give place to others ol' paramount importance. The great question now is, in the North and the South? or, he would say, with us of the North and ub of the South?the great question is, so to act, and confer, and defer, as to hold the Union to gether; and to secure this, 1 invoke the spirit of Washington, and the remembrance of bis virtues. I invoke the spirits of the fathers of New England?of the men of Salem, aud of Essex, and of Boston?to inspire you and me with new and fresh resolution to defend the Government which they established to the last extremity, aud to perish with it, if that must perish. Mr. Webster then alluded to the assemblage before him as being composed of young men, many of whom he knew, and others whose fathers he bud known, and reminded them that on their shoulders would devolve the duty of sustaining the institutions of the country ; and he urged them to discharge that duty with hearts tilled with patriotism. lie counseled his young friends, iu proceeding to the political duties thut were immediately before them, to bear in mind thut they were not only citizens of Boston, of Massachusetts, and of New Eng land, but American citizens, one and a.l; to realize that their reputation and honor wero linked with that of their whole country ; and to remember that nothing could disgrace timt country that would not disgracc them. But, suid he, I fear 110 such result. Go on; " 1*? nil flit ends thou *imr?t at Ik- thy Country's, UoiiV. *u<l Truth'*." And may God bless your efforts. Gentlemen, good night. Llat of Cities and Towns In the United Ntalea, jjhtttf l\iyul/i.Um, by tfw On tut of 1860, u 10,1 AW arvt upwardt. t*rrpared frvm HarC? (ieyraphy : 1. New York, 2.Philadelphia, 3. Baltimore, 4. llokton, 6. New Orleans, 0. Cincinnati, 7. Brooklyn, K St. Ixiuix, 9. AI bany 10. iltlaburg, 11. l/ouinvillo, 12. Ch.-trieaton, 13. Buffalo, 14. i'rovidi nc?, 16. Washington, Mb Newark, 17. Kochenter, 18. Lowell, lrf. W.lllnninburg, 20. Chicago, ?. Troy, 22. Richmond. 23. fail Kranciaco, 2*. g/racuat), 26. Allegany, 26. ISitmlt, 27. Portland, 2S. Mobile, 21). New Ifaren, 30. Salem, 31. Milwaukie, 32 Ron bury, 33. CoIuuiOiin, 34. Woreerter, 36. C lica, 36. Chajieetown, 37. Cleveland, 3ft. New liolEird, 39. (leading, 40. Cambridge, 41. hnanU) 42. Bangor, 4.;. Norio'k, 44. I.ynn, 46. i<afayette, 46. l'eten burg, 47. Wilmington, 4*. P' ughkeefxie, 4y. Manchester, 60. Ilartfnnl, 61. Lancaster, 62. Ijockport, 53. Oirwrgo. 64. Springfield, 65. Newburg, 56. Wheeling, 57. Patemon, 58. Day (on, 69. Taunton, 60. Norwirh, 61. Kiug'tou, AS New Brun?wlek, i 3, N??hville, 64. I.exlngton, 66. Natch I, New York, IVntMyi^aala, Maryland, Maaaachu cttn, LouMa tia, Ohio, New York, SfJaaeari, New York, Pen.-uylvanJa, Kentucky, South Carolina, New Ytyk, Khode Inland, 616,607 4<W,816 l?v,048 156,871 116. <48 113,43a 97,838 64,262 60,763 AO,31* 43,106 42,986 42.261 Ihrtnet of Columbia, 40 t*n New Jerxey, New York, Massarhuaetts, Now York, lllinoia. New York, Virginia, 38,804 88,383 30.780 29,OAS 28,7*6 I *7,482 California, featim'd,) 26,000 New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Maiife, Aiahama. Connecticut, Massachusetts, Wise main, Massachusetts, Ohio, Massachusetts, New York, Maasafchusetts, Ohio, Mi'^aachiiaet's, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, 22.271 31,261 2!,010 20,816 20,613 21'.346 30,264 30,061 18,364 18,183 17,867 17,.>66 17.*16 17,034 16,443 15,748 16,216 (JeorpH, i,i*c i mated,) 16,000 M&iue, - 14,432 Virginia, 14,326 Massachusetts, 14,257 l."ui*i*na, 14,211 Virginia, 14,010 Delaware, 18,070 New York, 13,944 New llampafaire, 13,932 Connecticut, 13,556 Tennnylvania, 18.869 New York, 12,323 do 12,206 Massachusetts, 11,766 New York, 11.415 Virginia, 11,391 New Jersey, 11,641 Ohio. 10,077 Massachusetts, 10,441 tor.mctknt, io,206 New York, - 10.2:13 New Jersey, 10,010 Teneeaaee, (aatitn'a.) 10,000 Kentucky, (estimM.j 10,000 Mississippi, (watiui'd,) 10,000 Railroad Companies are responsible for dam age* to freight, whether the result of careless nejs or not. When a steamboat gets aground in uj of the Western rivers, she wails til' she gets the fever and ague, and then tkuktt herself vff. Guano has been vorj successful on tobaeco auil in lower Virginia this season. The rate of fare from Cincinnati to St. Louis, cabin passage, is $15.