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AMERICAN TELEGRAPH PVBtlHHED KVKftV AFTKHNOON, (C&OBFT SDKDAX,) On Tth it., opposite Odd-Fellowa' Hall, BY COJTNOUY, WIMEE ft MoGILL, At Ten Cent* a Week, or TWO CENTS A SINGLE COPY. To aub/seribera nerved by the carriers, the papor will bo furniahed regularly for ten eentt per week, payable weekly. To mall subscriber?, $5 a year; $2 60 for sit months; $1 25 for tbruo months; 60 cents a month. No pa|ter mailed unless paid for in adrauoe, and discon tinued when the term paid for expires. CASH TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Half square, (6 lines or less,) four insertions $1 00 I 1 square, 1 or 3 lus. . $1 00 I 1 do 2 months . . 7 00 1 do 1 week. .... 1 76 | 1 do 3 mouths . . 10 00 1 do 2 weeks ? 2 76 I 1 do 0 mouths . . lfi 00 1 square, 1 month... 4 00 | I do 1 year .... 30 00 | Twelve liriet (or over rix) make a tquare?longer adver tisements iu exact proportion. ?bwpiiwurfU please endeavor to send In their fcrora j before 11 o'clock, if possible. General Emigration and Passage Office, No. 37 Burling Slip, New York, near Pulton Perry. riMIK subscriber begs leave to inform his friends and X the public, that his arrangements are such for bring ing out and forwarding passengers to and from Liverpool by the old and favorite Black .Star Line of Paoketa, sailing to and from New York aud Liverpool every week, as to ensure cheap and quick conveyances. The ships oom- I prising this line are all new and first class packets, oom- | uianded by old and experienced commanders. Also, Agent for the Star Line of Glasgow Packets, sail ing every month. Also, Agent for the splendid Lino of I New York and Louisiana Line of New Orleans packets, sailing every week. Drafts at sight furnished for any amount on England, Ireland, aud Scotland. TllOS. H. O'BRIKN, mar 24? 37 Burling Blip, 2 doors from South st. The New York and Liverpool United States Mail | Steamers. The ships comprising this line are the?? ATLANTIC, Capt. West. PACIFIC, Capt. N^e. AIICTIC, Capt. Luce. ADRIATIC, Oapt. Grafton. These ships, having been built by contract, expressly for Government scrvico, every care has been taken in their construction, as also in their engines, to insure strength and speed, and their accommodations for passengers are unequalled for elegance or comfort. Prioe of passage from New York to Liverpool, $130; ex clusive use of extra size state rooms, $326; from Liverpool to New York, ?35. An experienced Surgeon will be attached to each ship. No berth can bo secured until paid for. J&gr The owners of these ships will not be accountable for gold, silver, bullion, specie, jewelry, precious stones, or metals, unless bills of lading are signed therefor, and the value thereof therein expressed. for freight and passage apply to EDWARD K. COLLINS, 50 Wall St.. N. Y., or to BROWN, SHIPLEY A CO., Liverpool. B. G. ROBERTS A CO.,.14, King's Arm Yard, London. L. DRAPER, Jr., 8 Boulevard, Montmartre, Paris. mar 24?d __ . S3) PHILADELPHIA AND LIVERPOOL LINE OF ^fgMg'PACKKTS?Sailing from Philadelphia on the 6th, anil m?n Liverpool on the 1st it every month. Ship SHKNANDOAft, Oapt. Wm. II. West; Ship EU ROPE, Captain William McDowell; Ship MARY PLEA- I SANTS, Oapt. Anthony Michaels. The above first-claws ships aro built of the best mate rials, and commanded by experienced navigators. Due regard has been paid to select models for speed, with comfort for passengers. Persons wishing to engage passago for their friends can obtain certificates which will be good for eight months. Those who wish to remit money can be accommodated with drafts for ?1 sterling and upwards, at sight, without discount. Goods for the continent will be forwarded free of ex pense of commission, if a (dressed to James Mcllenry, No. 6, Temple Place, Liverpool. ' GEORGE McHENRY A CO., mar 84?d No. 37, Walnut street, Philadelphia. PARKE VILlE HYDROPATHIC INSTITUTE. 4 T a meeting of the Board of Managers of the Parke JV. viilc Hydropathic Institute, hold fifth month 16th, 1860, Joseph A. Woder, M. D., was unanimously elected Jietident I'hynritXn la the place of Dr. Dexter, resigned. Having made various improvements, this institute is now prepared to receive an additional number of patienU; and from Dr. Weder's well-knowu skill and practical ex perience in Europe, (acquired under Vlncenz Prelssoltz, [ the founder of the Hydropathic system,) and for seTeral years past ?n iki* country, an l particularly in the city of Philadelphia, (where he "has had many patients,) the Man agers believe the afflicted will find him an able and an attentive physician. _ . The domes tic department being under the charge of a 8toward and Matron, will enable the Doctor to devote to | the patients whatever time may be necessary. A ;iii Lira Lion for admission to be made to vv SAMUEL WEIJB, Secretary. Ofllce No. 6S South Fourth street, residence No. 10 Lo- | pan square, Philadelphia. General Dfcnption the ParkeviUe Hydropathic Institute. Tho main building ll three stories high, standing back from the street about one hundrod feet, with a semicircu lar grass plot in front, and contains thirty to forty rooms. The grounds around the house are tastefully Inld out with walks and planted with trees, shrubs, Ac. On the left of the entrance to these grounds is a cottage containing four rooms, used by male patients as a bathing house, with every convenience for "packing," bathing, Ac.; on the right of the entrance, about two hundred feet distent, stands a similar cottage, used by the ladles for similar * In the rear of the Institute, at the distance of one hun dred faet, are threo other cottages, some eighty feet apart. On?of these Is the laundry, with a hydrant at tho door; tho other two are occupied by the ser ante. The hydrant water Is Introduced Into these cottages as well as into the main building, and all the waste water J carried off by drains under ground. TIC* WATER WOUXS Consist of a circular Btene building, standing on tho brow of a hill, surmounted by a largeoedar reservoir containing five houdr.sl barrels, brought from a never-failhigspring of pure cold water in the side of the hill, by " a hydraulic ram," a aelf-Bcting machine of cast Iron, that Is kept con stantly going, night and day, by tho descent of the water from the spring. The surplus water is carried from the reservoir to a fountain In tho water-works yard, surround ed by weeping willows. In the first story of the water works Is a circular room, containing the douche bath, which Is a stream falling from a height of about thirty foot, and can be varied in size from holf an Inch to an inch and a half in diameter. Adjoining the douche room Is a dressing room, with marble tables, Ac.; the rising iouche (for the cure of piles, Ac.) Is one of the most com plete contrivance* of the kind, being entirely under the oontrol of the patient using the same. There are many other appliances, which can be hotter nndnrntood by a pemonal examination. ^ mar 24? TO~COUNTRY MERCHANTS. FANCY AND ST AIM,R GOODS. M0ULT0N A CO., Successors to Jivo. PAtcoxm A Co., 04 Cedar and 22 Pine streets. New York, invite mer chant* visiting New York city to their Immense stock of I Foreign anil Dofnestlc, Fancy and Staple Dry Goods. Their stock is entirely new, and, in addition, still receive by every stfcamer now and elegant styles, Confined exclu sively to this house, consisting of every variety of Dr? *s Goods to be found in the French, German. Knglish, and American markets, and at prices that will defv competitor*. Cash buyers and merchants generally will do well to call and examine our stock, as our goods aro ?A%ted to every section of tho oountry, and wo are resolved to spare no efforts to make it the interest of every merchant to favor us With their patronage. JAMES 8. MOULT0N, JAMK8 W. BARHKR, ZKNAS NEWELL. New York, March, 1851. VAHNisHKrt, OUM COPALS, SPIRITS, TURPKN, TlNK, AND AMKRICAN UNSEED OIL. 50 cases Hum Copal, mod. and fine Zanzibar, Ac. 400 bbls superior Coach Body, Carriage Oil Cloth Polish ing, Flowing, Scraping, Cabinet and Venitian Blind Var mlshes, Nos. 1, 2, and 3. 10 bbls. Sign and Graining Varnish. 5 do white flowing do 5 do outside do do warranted. ? do White do do for maps or whips. 10 do Tron Varnish. 20 do Painters' Japan. 100 do Spirits Turpentine, in glned bbli or half bbls. 1000 gallons American Linseed <M1. 10,00f? lbs. pure White Lead, in oil, at manufacturers' nrloe*. Also, (Jam Shellac, Sandrac, Litharge, Red Load, Dry White Lead, In 100 lb. kega, wholesale and retail, at the lowest market rate*. * P^monj purchasing the above will do well to call and examine for themselves. N. 8. Persons wanting Varnishes msnnfltct.nred will please call, as the subscriber is prepared to manufacture all kind*. BHNJ. 0. TTOJINOR, Mo. H La Grange street, running from Second to Third, be tween Market and Arch streets, Phi la. mar 34?tl To Perioni out of Employment. NEW PICTORIAL WORKS, Just published by R. BEARS, and Cor sale at Mo. 138 Nuhshu New York. A MKHICAN GIFT BOOK8 FOK 1861,? Agent* are J\_ wanted to circulate the following now and beautiful works, (retail price, $2 60 per vol.) A new and coin plate PICTORIAL HISTORY OF CHINA AND INDIA; with a descriptive account of those countries and their inhabitants, from the earliest period of authentic history to the present time. In which the editor has treated not only of the historical events, but also of the manners, customs, religion, literature, and domestio habits of the people of those immense empires. The embellishments are about two hundred, and of the flrst order, illustrating whatever is peculiar to the inhabi tants, regarding their dress, domestic occupations, their mode of agriculture, commercial pursuits, arts, Ac. They are accurate, and each one haa been made expressly for the work. The volume forms a large octavo, containing between five and six hundred pages, printed in the best style, aud on good eubstantial white paper. It Is furnished to agonts, handsomely bound in muslin, giit, or leather, as the pur chaser may prefer, at a very liberal discount, when quan tities of not less than twenty copies are ordered at one THRILLING INCIDENTS OF TUB WARS OF TUB UNITED STATES; comprising the most striking and remarkable events of the Revolution, the French war, the Tripolitan war, the Indian war, the socond war with Great Britain, and the Mexican war; with three hundred engravings 1 Retail price, $2 60 per volume. Orders respectfully solicited. SKAltS' PICTORIAL FAMILY PUBLICATIONS are decidedlv the best books that agents can possibly em ploy their time In supplying to the people of the United States. They are valuable for reference, and Bhould be possessed by every family in this great republic. There la not a city or town in these United States, not even those of small importunce, but contains many citizens to whom these works are indispensable. They are adapted to the literary wants of the Christian, the patriot, the statesman, and the domestic circle, got up in a superior style of art and workmanship; and are not only such books as will sell, but are such as an agent of good principle will feel free to recommend, and willing to see-'the purchaser again after they have been bought. Ode Plan.?The plan the publishor has so successfully cairied out for several years, is the obtaining responsible men as agents, who are well known in their own counties, owns, and villages, and have time and disposition to cir culate good and instructive books among their neighbors and friends. Any person wishing to embark in the enter prise will risk little in Bending $25 or $60, for tfhlch he will receive an assortment as he may direct, at the whole sale cash prices. Enterprising and active men of respectability and good address, would do well to engage in the sale of the above volumes; and all postmasters, clergymen, book pedlars, and newspaper agents, are respectfully requested to act as our agents. A handsome remuneration allowed to all who engage in their sale. For particulars address, post paid, ROBERT SEARS, 128 Nassau street, N. Y. To publishersof newspapersthroughonttheUnited States: Newspapers copying this advertisement entire, without any alteration or abridgment, (Including this notice,) and giving it a few inside insertions, shall receive a copy of any of our $2 50 or $3 works, subject to their order, by sending direct to the publisher. mar 24? The Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat Company (ERICSSON LINK) Jjj tli i^Have resumed their operations for the <??f-^'-vv'Tl'X-JiJvear with increased means of accommo datiug the trade between Philadelphia aud Baltimore, in the most regular and expeditious manner, and at their former materially reduced prices, being, on dry goods, hardware, Ac., only 10 cents per 100 pounds, and but half the price charged by other lines. Persons wishing to avail themselves of the facilities an J moderate prices of the Line, are advised to give explicitand positive directions for sending their goods to the Ericsson Liue, and they should be particular to possess themselves of the roceipts which aro invariably given for their goods. In those are stated the price charged for transportation: and it will prove a protection against the double rates ex acted by other lines, who have no published rates. Goods destined for the West, South, or other places be yond Baltimore, forwarded promptly on the day of their arrival, with every care and attention, free of all charge whatever for this service, In the shape of commissions or otherwise. N'xw Yoak.?Goods shipped from New York, or other places eastward of that city, should be distinctly con signed to A. Gbovks, jr., Philadelphia, to insure their con veyance by this Line. Freight to or from Baltimore, as above, 10 cents per 100 pounds. Coarse freights token at still less rates. The established character and known reputatiou of this company is an ample guarantee to those disposed to con fide their property to tho care of the company. One or more of the company's boats leaves 1'hiladelphia from the upper side of Chestnut street wharf every day, (Sunday excepted.) at 3 o'clock, arriving in Baltlmort early next morning. Apply in Philadelphia to A. GROVKS, jr., Agent, No. 10 South Wharves, above Chestnut st. In like manner a boat leaves Baltimore, daily, (Sunday excepted,) at half-past 2 o'clock Apply In Baltimore to J. A. SHRIVER, Agent, No. 3 Light st., mar 24? near tho Depot of the B. A O. R. R. New York India Rubber 'Warehouse. DIIODGMAN,27 Maiden Lane and 63 Nassau street, . (flrst corncr from Broadway,) New York. Factory foot of Twenty-fourth street, Hast River. Merchants throughout the United .States are respectfully Informed that my spring stock of India KubberGoods will be found far superior to any l>efore offered, having be stowed upon each individual article the benefit of my long experience In manufacturing, which enables me t? war rant entire satisfaction. Among the most important, I would call attention to my extensive stock of Carriage Cloth, of all widths, from 3-4 to 6-4 Inclusive, and made on the choicest drills and of the best of gum. Purchasers will find that It will neither crack, peel, nor l>eeomo sticky, as is the case with asuch that baa been and continues in be sold In this city. INDIA RUBBER CLOTHING, Consisting of Coats, Cloaks, Capes, Pouches, Pants, Over alls, Leggings, Boots, Caps, Ac., now so extensively worn by farmers, physicians, drivers,sea captains, sailors, Ac. Baptismal Pants, manufactured expressly for the clergy. Ladies' and Gentlemon'sGloves?aperfectenre for chap ped hand* by wearing them for a short time, at the same time bleaching and rendering them soft and dollcate. These Gloves are also much worn by Hatters, Tanners, Masons, Ac., being a perfect protection against acid and lime. Machine I>Uino and Steam Pacl-ing, In every variety, and cheaper and better than any thing which can be substituted for either. Also, a large stock of Overshoes, Garden and Engine nose, Whips. Horse Covers, Horse Fenders, Hoof Boots, Beds, Life Preservers, Breast Pumps, Syringes, Tobacco Wallets, Finger Stall*, Paper Holders, Door Springs, Ac., Ac., besides au immense stock of Jnditt Rubber Ballt, and other fancy articles, such as Elastics, Dolls, Dogs, and other animals of various kinds. Pure Rubber Cement for hatters' use. All orders executed with despatch, mar 24? D. HODGMAN. STIMSON & CO.'S New York, Neu> Orleans, and Mobile Erpreit, CONNECTING with the swiftest and most responsible j expresses between the principal towns in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Kjiode Island, Con necticut, l/>wer Canada, Now York State, Delaware, Penn sylvania, Maryland, District of Columlila, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, tho Western States generally, the Mississippi and Alabama river towns, and the prominent places In Geor gia and the Carollnas. Our futilities are so extensive and perfect that we can secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight, trunks, packages, and valuable parcels, from one end of the country to the other, and between the most remote points. From our many years'experience In the express busi ness, while connected with Messrs. Adams A Co., and our numerous advantages In other respects, (not the least of which Is the confidence and patronage of the New York community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to give the most entire satisfaction to our friends, the jewel lers, banters, and merchants generally. We beg leave to call attention to our California Express from New Orleans, and our Express between New Orleans and Mobile. Offices: St. Charles Hotel Building, New Orleans, and 19 Wall street, New York. mar 2+~tf NEW YORK JOURNAL. OF MEDI clue and the Collateral Science* for March, 1851*?The March numberof this well estab lished journal is now before tho public, containing original communicationsfrom the following talented writers of the Medical Profession: W. II. Van Buren, M. D., case of ova rian tumor, in which death resulted from entero-peritonlHs arising from a novel cause, Illustrated by a plate; remarks on tetanus, by Kr.ra P. Bentlet, M. D., of Connecticut; rup ture of bladder, by J. Kneeland, M. D.; reports of hospital cases, by F. D. l-ente, M. D., and others of much Interest by Drs. Sweat, Chureh, and Star. The Foreign and American Medical Retrospect Is full and complete; Bibliographical notices of all the late Eng lish and American Medical works, Ac. Published every other month, at $3 per annum; each number containing 144 pages. SpeHmen number sent to sny part of the con? try gratis on application, post paid,to R? F. HUDBON^Agent,, mar 34? i; 80 Wall street, New York. 9 FALL AND WINTER MILLINERY. MRS. COLLI SON will open Fall and Winter Millinery ou THURSDAY WORN ING, ltfth inst., and invites lho I-Hdie?to her t-how-rooma on Sixth street, near tho corner of Louisiana avenue. Opera, Dress, and Mourning Caps. j Mm. 0. has also on hand, and will open on the .same I day, the prettiest assortment of the above articled in the oity, uud ut prices correspondingly low?selected person ally from the importers and manufacturers. Ladles are I invited to call and examine them at her Fancy A Millinery Store, ! oct 14?tr' Cth ft., mar cor. of Louisiana av. HUSH EMIGRANT SOCIETY. . Office, No. 1 Rtude Street, New York.. IN consequence of the great number of complaints which have for a long time been made by Emigrants, of frauds committed upon them in the sending of money to their friends in Ireland, and to aid and protact the Emigrant, the Irish Emigrant Society established a fund, deposited in the Hank of Ireland, upon which they druw drafts, payable at sight, at any of the branches of the Bank. Persons residing out of the city, by enclosing in a letter the Htytn they wish forwarded, with the plainly written direction to whom and where it is to be paid, will have the same remitted. There is a great advantage in purchasing the Society's drafts?that the Bank has a branch in each of the princi pal towns in Ireland, and thus the losses by discount, and otherwise, are avoided. The Society keeps an ttfflce at No. 22 Spruce street, to which Emigrants can apply to obtain situations for whioh they are fitted. # Orders from employers in the country, stating the ser vices required, the wages, and the cheapest modes of con veyance, and giving a respectable reference, will meet with prompt attention. The Society will be thankful for all circumstantial aDd early information of any fraud, imposition, or outrage committed on Emigrants, and will endeavor speedily to apply a remedy. GREGORY DILLON, President. HUGH KELLY, ~| JAMES MATHEWS, VVice Presidents. JAMES RHYBURN, j Edward 0. Donnelly, Corresponding Secretary. Kieknan B. Daly, Recording Secretary. Josbph Stuart, Treasurer. EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. Felix Ingoldsby, William Redmond, William Watson, Francis Mann, John Manning, James Stuart, Terence Donnelly, Stuart J. Mollan, James Olwell, Cornelius II. Sheehan, Charles M. Nanry, John Nicholson, mar 24? Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Tools, Ac. CHARLES S. LITTLE, Importer and ?general dealar In English, German, and American Hardware, Cutlery, Edge Tools, Ac., 33 and 34 Fulton street, opposite the United States Hotel, New York, respectfully invites the attention of Merchants, making their purchases, to his vary extensive assortment, comprising every thing in the line, and to which new and constant supplies are being added. His variety of Tools is adapted to all tho various branches of mechanics, especially Coopers and Carpenter*. Particular attention given to all orders, all of which -are offered at the lowest market prices for cash or on approved credit: Cut and Wrought Nails, Ixjcks and Latchets Knives and Forks, Pen and Pocket Knives Razors, Scissors and Shears, in great variety Skates, Slates, Sleigh Bells, loose and strapped Shovels. Spades, Hoes, Forks, Scythes and Snathes Rifles, lllack Lead Pots, and Sand Crucibles Pumps, for wells or cisterns; Force Pumps and Hydrau lic Rams Ames' Pump, Augers and Runivers Turkey Oil Stone, dressed and undressed Scotch Water of Ayr Stone, for marble polishers Coopers'Tools, in great variety, of the most celebrated manufacturers, Albertson, Conger, Ilorton, Barton, and others Co&chmakers' Tools House and Ship Carpenters' Tools Blacksmiths' Tools, Cabinet makers' Trimmings House and Ship builders' Hardware House furnishing Hardware, in great variety, Iron, Brass, Copper, and Steel wire Genuine Haarlem Oil, and Nuremberg Salve, mar 24? j. hTiiavens, w. MYER, A CO., Inventors and Manufacturers of the. JRthinpian and Fire proof tVUmtnffton, Clinton eo., Ohio. WJ~ MYKltS, No. 310 Muiu street, near fith, Cinclnna Vy . ti, Ohio, to whom all orders must he addressed. The superiority of this paint over all other, for carriage, house, and ship painting, will be seen in its rapid stile. It Is not over fonr months since this paint has been intro duced into market, and our agent lias been able, to order one hundred tons. The paint is ground In oil, and put up ready for use, from the finest black down to any shade to suit the fancy. Also, Inventors and manufacturers of Jbnwers* Work ing. This article la so universally approbated by all who have used it, that it scarcely needs commendation. But to give confldecre to those who mny not hare tried it, we would say that 7,. C\ Ryon, foreman to A. M.Taylor A Co., Columbia street, Cincinnati, has authorized us to use his name as a recommendation tH tanners in general. To all who know Mr. 7.. C. Ryon this would lie sufficient: but all tanners in the city and country, who have used it, have granted ns this privilege. If ft were necessary we could fill a newspaper with testimonials: but where all who use are pleased we deein it uncalled for. The Tanners' Blacking is put up in kegs containing six gallons, ready for use, and will t>e nmt to any point on the canal, railroad, or river, at fifty cents per gallon. All orders should be addressed, post paid, to HAVENS A CARROL, Wilmington, Clinton eo., Ohio; or J. n. HAVENS, Cincinnati. Also, inventors and manufacturers of a Wutrr-jiryrif Blacking for Oil-clolA, that will reduoe the cost fifty per cent., and will soon be in market. mar 24 FREEMAN HODGES A CO., IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS, 68 hnrnrr STRtft, New York, (between Broadway and Nassau,) are now re ceiving a rich and beautlftil assortment of Fancy Silk and Millinery Goods, to which we would particularly invite the attention of all Cash Purchasers, and will make It an ob ject for them to give us a call, as we arc determined to sell our assortment, for Cash,lower than ever before offered in this market. Milliners can supply themselves with every article In their line, at about the rost of Importation or Auction prices. Many of our' goods are manufactured expressly for our own sale, and cannot be surpassed tor beauty or low prices. Rich list and Cap Ribbons, a large variety Silks and Satins for Bonnets Embroidered Cspes, Collars, Cuffs, and Chemlsetta Embroidered Edgings and Insertings, Swiss and Muslin Thread, Brussels Valenclene, Silk, and Lisle Thread Laces Kmbrnidered Reverie and Plain I.lnen Cambric Ilkfs. Gloves and Mits, Kid, 8ilk, Lisle Thread, and Sewing Silk Scarflu, Cravats, and Dress Hkfs. Swiss. Jaconet, Book Muslins, and Bishop Lawns Embroidered, Damask, and Plain Canton Crape Shawls A full assortment of Straw Goods French and American Artificial Flowers With a large variety not mentioned above. All wishing to avoid paying long prices will mnke mo ney by calling and satisfying themselves, (mar 24?tf SRKD AND AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE, TOOLS, Ac., Ac.?Wkoluali and Rktail?No. lMJ^j Market fit reel, Philadelphia.?We offer to our triends and custo mers the larges' assortment of Agricultural Implements, Garden Tools, and Seeds over offered in this market, con sisting in part of the following, vis: PROUTY A MBARS' Patent Highest Premium Self sharpening PLOUGHS, right and left handed Side Hill Subeoil, of various sizes, of superior materials and work raatuhip, warranted to give satisfaction, or th? money returned, /bvr Highest Premiums awnrrfrd to these' PLOUGHS at the New York State Fair for 1850. Also,, Beaches and Bar Share Ploughs. Spain's Improved Barrel Churn, constructed In nicli a manner that the dasher may be removed from the inside1 of the Churn by simply unscrewing the handle from the dasher. Hay, Straw, and Com Stalk Cutters in (treat variety, among which may be found Ilaryey'g superior Premium Straw Cnttar, of every size. Also, Horse Powers, Threshing Machines. Fan Mills, ConShellers, Cheese Presses, Seed Plantey, Dirt Scrapers. Sugar Mills, Ox Yokes and Bows, Tump Drills, Horse Rakes, Grain Cradles, Expanding and Wtra CulMvntors, Harrows. Snathe, Scythes, Concaved Dies, Spring tem pered Cast Steel Oval and Square tlned Manure and Hay Forks, Pruning Shears and Chisels, B*c.h and Bar Shear Repairing Pecfes and Castings, Peru^sn, Patagonia nud Prepared Guano, together with a cortfiletn assortment of Gross, Garden, and Field Seed, sll ofjblch will be sold at 1 the lowest possible priocs, at 194 U ?rkct street, Phlla. 1 mar 24?tf PROjTY A BARKETT. French and Oerman Look&g-Glass Depot, No. 76 Baltimot Street. BARRATT A DERKET, Carve" Gliders, manure turers of every variety o W*iti and Ornamental LookingGla.es and Picture FJimes, Window Cornices, Brackets, Bracket Tables, O'ing Monldlnps, Ac.. Ac. Also constantly on hand, a *11 assortment of Gill and Mahogany Framed Lookln/Glasses. Old work re-gilt,' glasses Inserted in 61d Franf*, *o. Prices low and work unsurpassed In beauty ofinish and durability bv any j ?5t1ier establishment. Thet'ublle Is respnctfiilly Invited to examine our stock befo? purchasing elsewhere. AMERICAN TELEgltAPII fFrtrtu the New York Herald.] The Sandwich TtlJit" mar-What ??)'? the Admlntetratloai We have been informed upon high authority that a treaty, from his majesty, Kamehameha the Second, King of the Sandwich Islands, pro posing the annexation of those islands to the United States, has been transmitted to the gov ernment at Washington, and is now among the files of the State Department. Some two months ago we received informa tion to the effect, that in consequence of the late threatening attitude of France towards the sovereignty of theso islands, the question of placing them under the supreme protection of the United States had been mooted, and that the people were decidedly in favor oi the scheme, which wo have iio doubt is the fact. And if before this, or subsequently, the king and his cabinet have made out their protocol, ftnd transmitted it to Washington, and if the document is now on file in the Department of State, it becomes important to know what Mr. Webster thinks of it?what disposition lie has made or ihtends to make of it, and what an swer he has given or intends to give to the overtures of annexation from his majesty King Kamehameha, of the Sandwich Islands. _ The commercial importance of these islands can hardly be over-estimated. Invaluable as is the island of Cuba, from its maritime and com mercial position, its fino climate, prolific soil, and rich productions?invaluable as it would be to the United'States for the defence and com mand of the Gulf, and as the commercial depot of our trade across the Gulf, its value, looking to the future, is secondary in importance to the Sandwich Islands. What are tliey ? A group of eleven small islands, altogether covering a territorial area less than Massachusetts, and one half of them occupied by volcanos. They owe their origin to volcanic action, aided by that industrious little island-builder, the coral insoct. From their limited surface, they can never sustain a large population ; but their po sition is every thing. Honolulu, the chief port, is tho half-way harbor of the 1 acihc ocean. Scarcely a ship, national or commercial, pass in.' to the northern whaling ground, or return ing ? or passing across to Asia from any point of the long extended coast of the Facitic, lrom Behring'a Straits down to Cape Horn; or pass i ing between any of the Atlantic ports of North ! and South America, and China?scarcely a s up in all this vast amount of trade and navigation that does not stop at Honolulu for lresh water and supplies. There is scarcely a sailor who has crossed the Facilio ocean that has not put in to this royal harbor of King Kamehameha. Tho commercial statistics of these islands, in proportion to population, abundantly prove> that in a commercial view their value is inestimable to the Facific trade. Put if the value of these islfuids to the com I merce of the Facific ocean is now so great what must it be ten years hence, when regul lines of steamers will be running from ..an I Francisco and Panama across to China > hat ! may we not expect from that island continent Auutr&Un, should its gold mines turn out as rich and exteusi ve as the first reports \udicate .' W ill she not require several lines of Bteamers to the ports of the Pacific, and will they not be there as soon as trade and travel shall demand them . They will. It is impossible, then, to put too hiehan estimate on tho value of tho Sandwich Islands as a linlf-w#y house of comuieroe in times of peace, and as a commanding mditary station in the Facific in times of war. The povereignty over them, if possessed by the I mted States, would supply a very essential desidera tum to the commercial (supremacy of tUe la cilic?a hulf-way station for supplies of fresh vegetables, fresh water, fresh meats, hsh, ana the indispensable article to steamers of a ready supply of coal. In fact, it is difficult to con template the extension of our Pacific commerce, disconnected with the sovereign occupation ol the Sandwich Islands. This brings us in a round turn to the original proposition, lias the government of King Kam ehameha transmitted overtures to the govern ment M Washington, for the annexation of this | cluster of beautiful islands to the I nited States, i Are no- such documents now on file iu the btate Department, lettered, numbered, and endorsed, < ami poked away into some obscure pigcon-holc, ! covered over with dust and cobwebs. If they are there, will not Mr. Webster submit them, throuel the President, to the consideration ol Concrtss? Is he not in favor of the annexation i of the royal islands of King Kamehameha to this ; great country, whose increasing commerce so much requires such a cluster of islands out iu the inildle of the Pacific? Is he not in favor of erccting the beacon-light of our free institu tions ii the midst of the great sea. If not, why If tie king has proposed, and the people are willinc what impediment remains to the act or annexation ??the mileage of the delegates to Conjrress? or the fear of foreign interference in American affairs? or a supposition that the! con stitution wont work well so far away ?rom Wash iuctou ? We shall doutlcss know the truth up on that subject, and get a great deal of useful information upon various other international subjects, shortly after the meeting of Congress. Invention of Fapkr.?The materials first used for writing were the leaves or iiiner bark of tree*, afterwards linen, and tables covered with wax. About the time of Alexander the Great, paper first began to be manufactured fr.im the Egyptian plant called papyrus, Irype rv* jwj>i/rri3.) This plant has several coats, one above the other, like the coats of an onion, which, being separated by a sharp instrument and moistened with water, were put under a press and Afterwards dried in the sun. Besides these several preparations, parchment, made of the skins of goats, was also used, which con tinued in use until the invention of paper from cotton, by the Arabians, A. L>. 7<Ki. In the 12th century, paper manufactories were established in the Christian kingdom of Castile; and iu tho fourteenth century, the knowlcdgo of the art found its way into Italy, after which time paper manufactured from cotton and liuen came into general use. Bio Bhjixik.?A bigger bridge than was ever yet constructed is now contemplated to cross the Severn and connect Monmouthshire and South Wales with Bristol and tho West of Eng land. It is to be of granite, 140 feet wide, with arches of $24 feet span and 120 feet above tho highest spring-tides, so that the largest ships v>ill be able to sail under. On each side of the bridge will be shops, the rent of which will pay a good part of the interest on the cost. There will be room for a double railroad track and n enrringo-road, besides covercd colonnades for foot-passengers. [Ctimui uulcuU'd.] Columbia Mimical Concert. Mksshs. Editors: Your appropriate notice I of the concert 011 Monday night by the above association, with the wish expressed that the association might prosper, and that a sense of the value of such an ussociution in our midst, and the amount of tulent there is among us to be cultivated, might be appreciated, meets with a hearty response from all; and it brought to mind the happy condition and the many food hopes cherished one year since, when our in ?trumait<il wes united with a vocal department. What has become of so honorable an orgauiza tion, and one which bade fair to be so useful? For one, I would like to see such a united so ciety onco more, after the manner and musical iniluence of our larger cities- Not that the Columbia Association should change its present form for many and other useful purposes; but that tlie vocal talent should be added to it, for the double purpose of having popular public concerts, and the improvement and union of the whole musical talent of the city. In this way societies and associations will prosper, but can not well in any other. "In union there is strength." And, then, Messrs. Editors, you will be agree ably surprised to find how much good and highly cultivated vocal talent we have in our city. As a tolerable judge of music, 1 believe some of our female singers to be fully equal to many of our foreign applauded vocalists. Attendance at several late rehearsals fully confirms this opinion; and, indeed, the concerts given last year, under the devoted and popular president of the "Columbia Association," were certainly highly complimentary to our fair friends, and gentlemen too. Now, why should not such gifts and acquirements be brought together, and each help the other, and all work together for the good and honor of our city ? Musical. African Colon!'/.itl Ion. For centuries?from the earliest period known to history, indeed?the great body of the A fri can continent has been a terra incognita?an unknown region?shut oiit from the rest of the world and secluded as it were within impassa ble barriers. Egypt and the llarbary States? tlio latter being known as the Nuinidin, tbc Lybia and the Mauritania of tho Romans, famil iarized to history by the crimes aud exploits of J ugurtha, and as being the theatre of tho opening greatness of tho two powerful rivals, Marina and Sylla?those portions of Africa bordering on the Mediterranean, and those onh-, have been in cluded in the annals of human knowledge and transactions. The bold enterprises of modern commerce which have dared so much and pene trated po far have failed in their attempts upon .Africa. Tho interior has never been reached in any manner calculated to open or to establish intercourse. It is for colonization to accomplish what commercial enterprise lias not succeeded in achieving. A foothold is now se cured upon that vast continent, and a gateway is opened through which the unknown recesses of the interior may be visited. Nor is the in teresting nature of this contemplation lessened when we behold in these colonists 011 this Afri can coast the descendants of the native Africans returned from a bondage which was to them a school of discipline, and which has qualified them to be the ministers and heralds of civil ization to their race, now and for centuries con signed to u most degrading servitude at home. Nowhere has the negro improved so much as in the United States, under the relations of ser vice which bound him to a master from whom he could learn. Every year of his residence here has been a year of progress. The whole race has thrived in the midst of a civilized com munity, in which they held an humble yet a harmonious position, making a profitable ex change of their labor for instruction and pro | tection. When, in the order of events, this relation is to be changed, how admirably is manifested the wise overruling of Providence in directing the footsteps of the emancipated negroes to the land of their forefathers, bearing with them I the elements of culture and the rudiments of religiou?the beet of missionaries, the most ef | ficient of teachers'. The climate of Africa, fn I tal to the white man, is salubrious to the sons I of the sable race; it is like n wall of fire to ! keep the domineering Caucasian from intruding I upon a land which Nature seems to hold re served for one speciul portion of the human family. The cdmnierce of Africa, now in its infancy, is destined, we doubt not, to great extension ; and with commerce and its exten*ion the growth and progress of colonizatiou will go hand in hand. Each will aid the other. The project of a line of steamers to mn between our .Southern ports nnd the western coast of Africa, as pro posed by Mr. Stanton in the last Congress, will not be suffered to die away, we may be sure. The cause of Colonization requires the establish ment of such a line, and the cause is important enough now and strong enough to make its re quisitions heeded. It can speak for itself and claim to be heard. It holds forth the problem of slavery in this country, and avows its ability to solve it?and its declarations on this point arc words of truth and soberness, and aa such Ahoy are believed.?liatt. American. Double Charge or IIorse-Steamkq.?We mentioned on Monday the arrest of a man calling hiuiself John II. Smith, charged with stealing a horse from Mr. N. R. Woodward, and offering him for sale at Havro-de-Grnce. Yesterday Mr. Charles W. Haydon, of Washington, D. (\, laid another charge against the same party, of steal ing a horse belonging to him. At Washington he went by the nnmo of John Wesley Askew. IIo is also charged with stealing a gold watch, locket., chain, and number of lightning-rod points from the same place. Justice Shutt (the Clerk of the Jail) lodged another commitment against him to appear before Justice Pennington for a further oxnmination.?Baltimore CHpptr. Ii'k at Alk.xandbia, Eoypt.?The Boston Aflat states that the barque Stamboul, Captain Kingman, which sailed from that port August 2, arrived at Alexandria, Egypt, October 1, with : a cargo of Massachusetts ice, said to be the first ever brought to that port from any part of the world. '?All Alexandria and the region round about," says a letter from the captain of the Stnmboul, "flocked on board and around her to sec the 'froren water.' The Pacini, the High Admiral, and all the distinguished offi cers of the government visited the barque and inspected her cargo; and, after these, people i of all degrees. She was literally crowded while a block of ice remained in her." The entire ! cargo was purchased by the government, and I was all discharged and stored ashore in forty- J I eight hours after the vessel's arrival. J I'kosjiLVTiNu.*?The followiug statement is made by the present Roman Catholic Vicar Apostolic of Western Toug King, Cochin China : "During tho past year, I have endeavored in a special manner to excite the zeal of our priests, of our catechisers, of our nuns, and of our Christians, to baptize all pagan children in dan ger of death. I have written ?,everul pastorals ou the subject; 1 have translated and published all the indulgences granted to those who eu deavor to convert the heretics or baptize their sick infants. I offered recompenses in tho shapo of holy books, imaged, crosses, beads, medals, &c., to those who either baptize or purchase to rear up any of tliose poor creatures; and I fur ther offered to reimburse any expense attendant thereon, in several parishes we have estab lished societies of male and female baptizers, whore they collect a fund by degrees, with which they either trade or purchase ground, and with the proceeds they purchase timber suited to making coftius or religious emblems, and funeral requisites, so that whenever the children of pa gaus die, the socicty provides them a solemn funeral with music, which is followed by the children of both sexes. The infidels are so de lighted with the funeral pomp of their children, that whenever any of them are taken ill, they entreat the Christians to come and baptize theml There is great zeal manifested by the entire mission for this good work; but to stimulate them, I am obliged to distribute a great number of books, images, and beads. Every thing of this description that you send me is thus em ployed; still it is not enough: 1 cause many beads to be made here for the same purpose. Still we shall never baptize such numbers as in China, because tho Anuamitcs, even infidels, love their children so much: the more they have, the more pleased and proud of them they are. They never complain of being overbur dened with their numbers; and it is only during a famine, when they cannot feed them, that they consent to sell them rather than see them die of hunger! On this head the Annamite people arc superior to the Chinese." A Tkxan Colonel's Story. ?" No, my friend," said the colonel to his grave compan ion?"No, it is entirely impossible for one nursed, as you have evidently been, in the lap of luxury?perhaps even in a ceiled frame house?to know what we suffered here in 1830. I'll just tell you exactly how it was with me, and 1 have seen nothing?O, nothing at all?to what some have! You see I was out there in llusk county; had a little cabin in the woods away from town some dozen miles. I had a hundred cows, twenty mares, seventeen fillies, and a wife and three children, but not a dollar in the world. However, I was a lawyer, and had engaged to defend a man for cow-stealing at court iu town nest day, for which 1 was to get two bushels of meal, You sec, my clothes had wellnigh all worn out, and so 1 swapped them with a Bedi Indian for a suit of deer-skin. Did you ever see a real suit of deer-skin, stranger ?" "i\o, sir," said the grave man, ''I never have." " Well, 1 have?fell it, too. You see the In dian told me to dye it iu dogwood ooze. I did so, you know ; left them in it all night. Next morning I was up early and off for court, lor I needed that meal?didn't have any thing in the house at all. My deer-skin suit fitted well? had tassels round the calves and skirts. Well, 1 rode out of the mot of timber in which my cabin was built, on (o the prairie that stretched the rest of the way to town ; as the sun got hot ter, the wet skin?you see I had to put it on wet, for 1 muni be at court?had to have that meal?the wet skin began to get tight! 1 Pshaw ! it don't mind,' says 1, but in twenty minutes, pshaw, it did mind! 1 got oil the mare out there iu that broad prairie with the roasting, broiling, burning sun right over my head, and my clothcs creeping up aud coiling tight around me like a nest of snakes. My arms were fast ened so by the sleeves that 1 couldn't get at my knife to rip any thing. My hair stood on end like the thorns of a hois d'arc. O, the misery! the suffering! the agony!'1 My whole body was bound up and screwed together and strangled. Blood rushed to my head?couldn't get on my horse. Well, I lay there in the blistering sun till somebody going to court happened to pass and ripped me up. He cut me in two or three places, he was shaking so with laughter whilo be did it. Well, you sec 1 rode b&ck home? took the last sheet in the house?cut it oat? wife sewed on ono leg while 1 sewed up the other?got to court just iu time in my white suit?cleared the man, and got the meal!" Mb. BrcHANAM is reported to have said that, while he was Minister to Kus&ia, the Government was quite as well informed as he was of all cor respondence of a diplomatic nature. It is a well-known fact that Louis XV. of France ac tually kept twenty clerks secretly occupied in intercepting letters by mail, and making ex tracts from them. It was in that manner Louis discovered that one of his Ministers, (the Count d'Argensson,) upon whom he had lavished fa vors, was in the habit of writing to a favorite mistress, in which he spoke, without reserve or respect, of the king's character. Such things, however, are very rare at this time. Not obso lete, however, we imagine. AnvakTisMQ.?The law of gravitation is not more uniform, certain and infallible, than that by which the liberal advertiser will reap a hun dred fold the petty cost of making known his commodities to the buyer, or his wants to the seller. OfVPOWDKR AH A l'ltOPELUNO AOBKT. Mr. Taggert, of Roxbnry, Ma?!., exhibits a model of fin engine whose propelling agent is atmo spheric pressure. The power is obtained by re gular explosions of small quantities of common gunpowder. Imminent chemists have decidcd it.s operation to bo .feasible. Tn\OE IlKTWKRN ErHOI'K AND TITR SrtUTHRRX Statrs.?The DmIi/ Georgian of the 2Mth ult. publishes a correspondence between C. li. Bay lor, esq., tho U. S. Consul at Amsterdam, and 0. W. Uarmany & Co., of Savannah, from which it appears that'the necessary arrangements have been made to open n direct trade between these ports. Large shipment* of foreign produoe and manufactures are expected to arrive shortly at Savannah, in exchange for cotton. Gkormia.?The legislature stands as follows? Senate: 3!* Union; 8 Southern Mights. Mouse : 101 Union; 2t> Southern Rights?leaving Are counticp to hear from. A western poet, in speaking of the moon, said: " She laid her cheek upon a cloud like beauty on a young mi>n's bosom." It blew so bard yesterday that a mnn was compelled to take a reef m his horse's tail.