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American telegraph. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1851-1851, December 04, 1851, Image 1

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WASHINGTON: THURSDAYTfTERNOON, DECEMBER 4, 1851.
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AMERICAN TELEGRAPH
PUBL1IHBD 1VBKY AFTHftjrOOH,
(1X0HPT SOTIDAT,)
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BY COJrifOLLT, WIMZB * MoGILL,
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To subscribers served by the carriers, the paper will
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No paper mailed unless paid for in advance, and discon
tinued when the term paid for expiree.
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THIRTY-SECOND CONGRESS.
Term commences March 4, 1851, and terminates
March 4, 1853.
The first Session opens on Monday, December 1,1861.
SENATE.
The Senate consists of two Senators from each
State. Since the admission of California, there
are thirty-one States, represented by sixty-two
Senators. The Senators who held over from
the 4th of last March were forty-one, viz:
eighteen Whigs and twenty-three Democrats.
Of the twenty-one new Senators, three are yet
to be elected from the following States:
California?Legislature Democratic.
Connecticut?Legislature to be chosen in
April, 1852.
Tennessee?Legislature Whig.
SENATORS HOLDING OVER AND ELECT.
Whigs in italic; Democrats in roman?those marked f. S.
are Free-soilors or Abolitionists; U., those elected as
Union men; S. 11., those olectod as Southern or State
Rights men.
Term Term
ALABAMA. Expires. MICHIGAN. Expires.
Jeremiah Clemens - 1853 Alpheus Felch - - - 1853
AVin. R. Klng(S. R.) - 1865 Lewis Cass .... 1867
ARKANSAS. MISSOURI.
Wm. K. Sebastian - 1853 David R. Atchison ? 1855
Solon Borland - - ? 1865 Henry S. Geytr ? - 1867
OONNBCTICUT. NEW HAMPHHIRB.
Truman Smith - - 1855 John 1*. Hale (F.S.) - 1853
? ? ... 1867 Moses Norris, jr. - - 1865
CALIFORNIA. NEW YORK.
Wm. M. Gwin - - - 1855 Wm. H. tie ward (V.8.) 1855
. . . . 1857 Hamilton Pith - - - 1857
DELAWARE. NEW JERSEY.
Presley Spruance - - 1855 Jacob W. Miller - - 1853
James A. Bayard - - 1867 Robert F. Stockton ? 1857
FLORIDA. NORTH CAROLINA.
Jackson Morton ? ? 1855 Willie J'. Mangun - 1853
Stephen R. Mallory ? 1857 George E. Badger - - 1866
georuu. ouio.
John M. Berrien - ? 1853 8almonP.Cha*e(F.S.) 1855
Wm. G. Dawson ? - 1855 Benjamin F. Wade - 1857
INDIANA. - PENNSYLVANIA.
James Whitcomb - ? 1865 James Cooper - - - 1853
Jesse D. Bright - - 1857 Richard Brodhead, jr. 1S57
ILLINOIS. RHODE ISLAND.
Stephen A. Douglas - 1S53 John H. Clarke - - 1853
James Shields - - - 1855 Charles T. James - ? 1867
IOWA. SOUTH CAROLINA.
George W. Jones - - 1863 R. B. Khett (S R.; - - 1863
Augustus C. Dodge - 1855 A. P. Butler (S.R.) - 1855
KENTUCKY. TKNNESSJUt.
Joseph M. Underwood 1863 John liell ... - 1853
Henry Clay ... 1855 - 1867
LOUISIANA. TEXAS.
Sol. U. Downs (U.) - 1853 Sam Houston - ? - 1853
Pierre Soule(S.R.) - 1856 Thomas J. Rusk - - 1867
MAINE. VERMONT.
Jas. W. Bradbury - 1853 William Upham - ? 1853
Hannibal Hamlin - 1857 Solomon /'bote ... 1857
MASSACHUSETTS. VIRGINIA.
John Davis - - - - 1853 R. M.T. Hunter (S.R.) 1853
Vhas. Sumner (F.S.) - 1857 Jas. M. Mason (S.R.) - 1867
MARYLAND. WISCONSIN.
James A. l>arcr - ? 1856 Isaac P. Walkor - - 1865
Thomas G. I'raU - - 1857 Henry Dodge ? - ? 1867
MISSISSIPPI.
llenry S. Foote (O.) - 1853 Jefferson Davis (S.R.) 1867
Messrs. Foote and Davis, of Mississippi, have resigned.
Of the mqpibers elect, and those holding over,
thirty-four are Democrats, twenty-one are
Whigs, and .four Free-soilers. Of the Free
soilers, Hale and Seward were elected by a
union of Whigs and Free-soilers ; Sumner and
Chase were olected by Democrats and Free
soilers combined. Dodge, (Democrat,) of Wis
consin ; Fish, (Whig,) of New York ; Foote,
(Whig,) of Vermont; and Wade, (Whig,) of
Ohio, are also put down by some as Free-soilers.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The House consists of two hundred and
thirty-three members and four Territorial dele
gates. These delegates, however, have no rote.
Annexed are the names of the
MEMBERS ELECT.
ALABAMA.
1 John Bragg, (8. R.) 6 George 8. Houston
2 James Abercrombie 6 W. R. W. Cobb
3 Samp. W. Harris, (S. R.) 7 Alex. White
4 William R. Smith
ARKANSAS.
1 Robt. W. Johnson, (8. R.)
CONNECTICUT.
1 Charles Chapman 3 C. F. Cleveland
iC.M. lngersoll 4 O. 8. Seymour
CALIFORNIA.
1 Edward P. Marshall 2 McCorkle
DELAWARE.
1 George R. Riddle
FLORIDA.
1 Edward C. Cabell
GBOBOIA.
1 J W. Jackson, (8. R.) 6 E. W. Chastaln, (U.)
2 .1 nmi'A Johnson, (U.) fl Junius lllllyer, (U.)
3 David J. Bailey, (8. R.) 7 A. II. Stephens, (U.)
4 Charles Murpliy, (U.) 8 Hobert Tbombs, (U.)
INDIANA.
1 James Lock hart 8 Willis A. Gorman
2 Cyrus L. Dunham 7 John G. Davis
a John L. Robinson 8 Daniel Maoe
4 Samuel W. I*urktr 9 Graham N. Fitch
Thomas A. Hendricks 10 Samuel Brenttm
ILLINOIS.
William Tl. Bissell 6 Wm. A. Richardson
Willis Allen 0 Thomas Campbell
8 Orlando B. Plcklin 7 Richard Yates
4 Richard S. Moloney
IOWA.
1 Lincoln L. Clark 2 Bernhardt Henn
KENTUCKY.
1 Linn Boyd 8 Addison White
2 /frty. E. Grey 7 Humphrey Marshall
U Presley Ewinu 8 John C. Broekiurldge
4 William T. Wood 9 J. 0. Mason
5 James Stone 10 R. C. Stanton
LOUISIANA.
1 l-ouis St. Martin, (8. R.) 3 Alex. O. Penn, (8. R.)
?i J. Aristide Ixindry 4 Isaac E. Morse (S. R.)
MAINS.
1 Moses McDonald 5 Ephralm K. Smart
2 John Appleton " Israel Wuhburn.jr.
3 Robert (joodenow 1 Thomas J. D. Fuller
4 Charles Andrews ?
MASSACHUSETTS.
1 William Appleton ft George T. Davis
2 Robt. Rantnnl, jr., (F.8.) 7 John Z. Goodrich
3 James H. Duncan 8 Horace Mann, (F. 8.)
B. Tlwmpson A Orin Wnoler
Charles Allen, (F. 8.) 10 Zeno Scudder
MARYLAND.
Tfichard J. Boioti 4 Thomas V. Welsh
2 Wm. T. Hamilton 6 Alexander Evans
8 Edward Hammond 0 Joseph S. Chttenau
MICHIGAN.
1 Kbenejer J. Pmniman 3 James /. Ormger
2 C. E. Stuart
MISSOURI.
1 John f. Darby ' 4 Willard P. Hall
2 ihirhrist. Porter 5 John 8. Phelps
3 John O. Miller
MISSISSIPPI.
1 D. B. Nabors, (U.) 3 Wm. McWillie, (S. R.)
2 John A. Wilcox, (V.) 4 A. B. Dawson, (U.)
MIMNMOTA.
? H. U. Sibley, (del.)
NIW 1IAMP81URI.
1 Amo* Tuck, (F. 8.) 3 Jared Ftrkin*
2 Charles U. lWl?e 4 Harry Ilibbard
Maw iokk
1 John Q. Floyd
2 Obadiah Bownt
H Euiauuel B. Hart
4 J. II. Hobart Haw*
5 Gtorge Briyg*
6 Jume* Brook*
7 Abraham P. SUtveu*
8 Gilbert Dean
0 William Murray
10 Marin* ScKoonmaker
11 Josiah Sutherland, jr,
12 David L. Seymour
13 John L. Schoolcraft
14 John H. Boyd
15 Joseph Russell
10 John Well*
17 Alexander H. Buel
NIW JMIWBT.
1 Nathan D. Stratum 4 (Jtorge II. Brown
2 Charles Hkeltoa 5 Hodman II. Price
3 Isaac Wildrtck.
NORTH CAROLINA.
1 T. L. Clingman, (8. H.) fl John E. J. Daniel
2 Joseph P. Caldwell 7 W. 8. Ashe
3 Alfred Docker y 8 Jidwurd Stanly
'4 Same* T. Morchead 8 David Outlaw
5 A. W. Venable, (8. ft.)
NEW MEXICO.
?ft. W. Weightmwi, (del.)
ouio.
1 David T. Disney 12 John Wehh
2 L. D. Campbell, (F. S.) 13 James M. Gaylord
3 Hiram Bell
18 Preston King (F. S.)
10 >V 11 lard Ives
20 Timothy Jenkins
21 William W. Snow
22 Henry Bennett
23 Loander Babcock
24 Daniel T. Jones
26 Thomas Y. How, jr.
20 H. 8. WaUbridge
27 William A. Sackett
28 Ab. if. Schermerhorn
20 Jedediah Hotford
80 Reuben Robie
31 Frederick 8. Martin
32 & O. Haven
33 Aug. P. Hascall
34 Lorenzo Burrow*
4 Benjamin Stanton
6 Alfred P. Egorton
6 Frederick Green
7 Ntlton Barrerc
8 John L. Taylor
9 Kdson B. Olds
10 Charles Sweetser
11 George H, Busby
14 Alexander Harper
15 William F. Hunter
16 John Johnson
17 Joseph Cable
18 David K. Cartter
19 Kbcn JVewton, (F. 8.)
20 J. H. Guiding*, (F. S.)
21 N. 8. Townsend
0RKU0.V.
* Joseph Lane, (del.)
PRNXBTLVANIA.
1 Thomas B. Florenoe 13 James Gamble
2 Joseph H. Chandler
3 Henry D. Moore
4 John Bobbins, jr.
6 John McNair
6 Thomas Robb
7 John A. Morrison
8 Thaildeu* Steven*
9 J. Glancy Jones
10 Miles M. Dimmlck
11 Henry M. Fuller
14 T. M. Bibighau*
15 William II. Hurts
IS J. X.. McLanahan
17 Andrew Parker
18 John L. Dawson
19 Joseph II. Kulvn*
20 John Allison
21 Thomat M. Howe
22 John W. Howe (F.S.)
23 John H. Walker
12 Galusha A. Grow (F. S.) 24 Alfred Gillmore
KIIODI ISLAND.
1 George E. King 2 Benjamin II. Thurston
aOUTH CAROLINA.
1 Daniel Wallace, (S. R.) 6 Armistead Burt,. (8. R.)
2 James L. Orr, (3. R.) b William Aiken, (S. R.)
3 J. A. Woodward, (8. R.J 7 Wm. F. Colcock, (8. R.)
4 James McQueen, (S. R.)
TENXEBSBK.
1 Andrew Johnson 7 Meredith P. Gentry
2 Albert G. Watkins 8 William OulU/tn
3 Wm. M. Churchwell 9 Isham G. Harris
4 John H. Savage 10 Fred. P. Stanton
5 George W. Jones 11 Christopher H. William*
6 Wm. U. Polk
THXA8.
1 Richardson Scurry, (U.) 2 Volncy K. Howard, (U.)
UTAH.
?John M. Bernhisel, (U.)
VIRGINIA.
1 John 8. Millson,(S. R.) 9 Jame* F. Strother
2 R. Kiddor Meade, (8. R.)
3 Thos. II. Averett, (S. ft.)
4 Thos. S. Bocock, (8. R.)
5 Paulus Powell, (a. R.)
0 John 8. Ciukie, (S. R.)
7 Thomas iflUayly, (U.)
8 A. R. Holladay, (S. R.)
VERMONT.
1 Ahiram L. Miner 3 George li. Meacham
2 William Ilibard 4 Tb. Bartlett, jr., (F. 8.)
WISCONBIN.
1 Charles Durkee, (F. S.) 3 James D. Doty, (F. S.)
2 Benj. C. Eastman
?Delegates from the Territories.
RECAPITULATION BY FIGURES.
1860-*51.'
10 Charle* J. Faulkner
11 John Letcher, (U.)
12 H. Edmondson, (U.)
13 F. B. McMullen. (U.)
14 J.M. H. Beale, (U.)
15 Geo. W. Thompson, (U.)
Alabama
Arkansas ?
Connecticut
Delaware ?
Florida
Indiana
Illinois
Iowa -
Kentucky ?
Louisiana ?
Maine
Massachusetts ?
Maryland -
California ?
Georgia
Michigan ? ?
Missouri ? ?
Mississippi -
New Hampshire
New York -
New Jersey
North Carolina ?
Ohio -
Pennsylvania ?
Rhode Island
South Carolina -
Tennessee -
Texas
Vermont ?
Virginia ? ? ? ?
Wisconsin
Total thus far I
Democratic majority thus far
Democratic majority in 1849
Whig.
2
2
17
1
0
10
9
1
Ikm.
6
1
8
1
8
6
2
5
3
6
1
2
2
a
1
2
4
2
17
4
3
11
15
1
7
2
1
13
3
143
1848.
Whig. Bern.
2
32
4
0
10
15
2
115 118
53
3
60
117
143
22
13
Democratic gain ? ? ? ? ?
A minority of the House is ....
Democrats elected -
Southern rights men (21 Democrats and 1 Whig)
Froe-sollem .... ...
THE PRESIDENTIAL ASPECT OF THE IIOUSB OF
RHI'RESENTATIVKS.
With regard to the Tote by States, which only
occurs in case the Presidential election is re
ferred to the House of Representatives, the fol
lowing is the result thus far :
Democratic Slate*?20.
Arkansas, (Secession.)
Alabama, (Union.)
California, do
Connecticut, do
Delaware, do
Georgia, do
Illinois, do
Indiana, do
Iowa, do
Louisiana, do
Maine, do
Mississippi, do
New Jersey, do
Ohio, do
Pennsylvania do
South Carolina, (Secession.)
Texas, (Union.)
Tennessee, do
Virginia, do
Wisconsin, do
Whig Stale*?7.
Florida,
Missouri,
Massachusetts,
Michigan,
Maryland,
North Carolina,
Vermont.
Divided?1.
Kentucky,
New Hampshire,
New York,
Rhode Island.
STIMSON & CO.'8
New York, New Orleant, and Mobile Erpren,
(CONNECTING with the swiftest and most responsible
J expresses between the principal towns In Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Khode Island, Con
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sylvania. Maryland, District of Columbia, Indiana, Ohio,
Illinois, the Western States generally, the Mississippi and
Alahama river towns, and the prominent places in Geor
gia and the Oarollnas.
Our facilities are so extensive and perfect that we can
secure the satis and speedy transportation of freight,
trunks, packages, and valuable parcels, from one end of
the country to the other, and between the most remote
points.
From onr many years' experience In the express busi
ness, while connected with Messrs. Adams k Co., and our
numerous advantages In other respects, (not the least of
which Is the confidence and patronage of the New York
community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to
give the most entire satisfaction to our friends, the jewel
lers, bankers, and merchants generally.
We beg leave to call attention to ourCallfemla Express
from New Orleans, and our Jtxpress between New Orleans
and Mobile.
Offices: St. Charles Hotel Building, New Orleans, and
1# Wall etrcet, New York. mar 24? tf
A'
C. H. VAN PATTEN, M. D.,
Surgeon Dentlit,
Office near Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania avenue,
Charges New York aud Philadelphia prices, and guaran
ties kia work to b? equal to any duue in those cities.
JOSEPH WIMSATT,
DEALXK IN
GROCERIES, WINES, TEAS, & LIQUORS,
Oar. qf Pennsylvania Avenue and Thirteenth street,
may 'M Washington Citt, D. C. ? d A y
SCHOOL BOOKS AND STATIONERY,
T TJIK BIBLE DEPOSITORY, corner of E and 10th
streets. [sep X?tfj JAMBS NOUHSE.
J. McNEALE LATHAM~
Attorney at Law,
Will practise in the several courts of the District of
Columbia.
Office on i]X street, near First Presbyterian Church,
jy 16?tf
JNO. B. KII3BEY & CO.,
Dealers in
FINE GROCERIES, WINES, AND LIQUORS.
No. 5, opposite Centre Market,
ap 10 Washington Citt, D. C. d A y
GEORGE ETkiRK,
House and Sign Painter, and Glazier,
South side Louisiana avenue, between 6th and 7th streets,
(Dwelling South F street, between 7th and 8th streets,
Island,) is prepared to execute to order all descriptions of
work in his line. ap 15?fin)
j7a7kirkpatrick,
MABBLK AND FKKE-STONK CUTTER;
E street, between 13th and 14th, Washington City, D. C.
MAKDLE MANTLES, Monuments, Tombu, Head and
Foot Stones, Ac., constantly on hand, of tlie best
quality and workmanship. All kinds of Stone, for Build
ing, Ac. All kinds of work in his line faithfully executed
at the shortest notice. ap lft?tf
~ PRINTERS' JOINER.
WM. IN(JMAN, Gabinet-maker, Carpenter, and Prin
ters' Furniture-make, can be found by inquiring
at NOELL A BOYD'S Venetian Blind Manufactory, Penn
sylvania avenue, between 0th and 10th BtreetH, south
side. jy 31?6u>
JAMES W. SHEAHAN^
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
PRACTISES in the Courts of the District, and prose
cutes' claims of every description before the several
Executive Departments and before Congress.
4Office and residence 21st street, two doors north
of II. ap 11?tf
Old Wines, Liquors, Segars, Fresh Foreign
Ignite, Comestibles, etc.,
FOK SALE BY
JAMES-T. LLOYD,
ftnntylvania avetiue, 3 doors east of Fifteenth street.
may 17?ly
THE CHRISTIAN STATESMAN.
A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER.
Devoted to African Colonization and Civilization,
to Literature and General Intelligence.
rpiIE undersigned propose to publish, in the City of
I Washington, a weekly newspaper, bearing the above
title, and dedicated to a sound morality in Politics, to the
Union of the States, to the cause of African Colonization
and Civilization, and to all topics of a high and general
interest to their country and mankind. They will en
deavor to impress upon the People and Government of
the United States ami of the several States the importance
of colonizing in Africa, with their own consent, the free
people of color of this country, and such as may become
free. They will communicate to the public all important
information they may obtain in regard to the Geography.
Exploration, Resources, Commerce and Population of Af
rica ; the state of the Slave Trade, aud the measures best
adapted lor its suppression; and will enforce the duty of
union among all Christian denominations in efforts to dif
fuse the knowledge of our Arts, Liberty, and Christianity,
among the barbarous people of that Continent.
They will aim to render the journal an instructive and
useful Family Newspaper, and to secure for its columns,
as the public favor shall enable them, contributions, lite
rary and scientific, of decided merit.
Th* Christian Statksmam will bo of the size of the
Home Journal or National Era, and exceed in size the
Intelligencer or the Union of this city; and, with but few
advertisements, will be nearly filled with matter designed
to lie of Interest to its readers.
It will be printed with new type, on fine white paper,
and, in mechanical execution, be equal to the best news
papers in the country.
Tirmb.?The Christian Statesman will be two dollars s
year, payable In advance.
Postmasters or others, who may be pleased to act as
voluntary agents, will be responsible to those who may
pay over to them subscriptions; and to the order of such
ugents, or to any who nay make remittances for the
Christian Statesman, it will be supplied on the following
terms:
Single copy for one year - - - $2 00
Single copy for six months ? 1 00
Three copies for one year - - ? 6 00
Six copies for one jrear - ? - 10 00
Twenty copies for one year ? ? ? 30 00
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The first number of this paper may be expected to ap
pear early in August, and it is desired that those who are
dis|>osed to further its great objects, by their patronage,
should indicate their wishes before that time. Orders and
communications, addressed (post paid) to Gurley k Good
loe, will receive immediate attention.
R. R. GURLEY,
? D. R. OOODLOK.
Colonization Rooms, Washington, June 11, 1H51.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Ameri
can Colonization Society, held on the 10th Instant, the
Secretary laid before the OMnnlttee the I'mepeetus of a
newspaper, to be called the Christum SUxtejtnum, and to
be devoted "to sound morality in Polities, to the Union ot
the States, to the cause of African Colonisation and Civili
zation, and to all topics of a high and general interest to
their country"?to be published in thl* city, by the Rev.
K. R. (lurley and D. R. Goodloc; after the reading ot
which, It was
Resolved, That we cordially and earnestly recommend
the Christian Statesman to the patronage of the Mends oi
African Colonisation throughout the United States.
June 1ft? W. McLAIN, Sec. Am. Col. Soe.
BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE,
AND TUB
BRITISH QUARTERLY REVIEWS.
OWING to the lata revolutions and counter-revolutions
among the nadons of Europe, which have followed
each other In such quick succession, and of which " the
end is not yet," the leading periodicals of Great Britain
have become invested with a degree of interest hitherto
unknown. They occupy a middle ground between the
hasty, disjointed, and necessarily imperfect records of the
newspapers, and the elaborate and ponderous treaties to
be furnished by the historian at a future day. Whoever
mads these periodicals obtains a correct and connected ac
count of all the important political events of the OM
World, as they oocur, and learns the various conclusions
drawn from them by the leading spirits of the age. The
American publishers therefore deem it proper to call re
newed attention to the works they publish, and the very
low prices at which they are offered to subscribers. The
following is their list, vis:
Thi London Quart*rlt Rrvirw,
Th? Kmnburih Rrvnw,
Th* No**h British R*vi?w,
Ths Wistminhtkk Review, and
Blackwood's Edinburgh Mao Aim.
In these periodicals are contained the views, moderately
though clearly and firmly expressed, of the three greatest
parties in England?Tory, Whig, and Radical; " Black
wood" and the " London Quarterly" are Tory, the " Edin
burgh Review" Whig, and the "Westminster Review"
Liberal. The " North British Review" owes its establish
ment to the lastgreatecolesiastical movement in Scotland,
and Is not ultra In its views on any one of the grand de
partments of human knowledge. It was originally edited
by Dr. Chalmers, and now, since his death, is conducted
by bis son-in-law, Dr. Haana, associated with Sir David
Brewster. Its literary character is of the very highest
order. The " Westminster," though reprinted under that
title only, is published in England under the title of ths
" Foreign Quarterly and Westminster," it being In fact a
union of the two Reviews formerly published and reprinted
under sens rate titles. It has, therefore, the advantage,by
this combination, of uniting in one work the beet features
of both, as heretofore issued.
The above Periodicals are reprinted In New York,Imme
diately on their arrival by the British stesiners, In a l<eau
tiful clear type, on fine white paper, ami are faithful co
pies of the originals?Blackwood's Magazine being an ex
act fmc simile of the Edinburgh edition.
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For any two, do 5 00 "
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AMERICAN TELEGRAPH
The Wave*.
1? * BATAHD TAX LOK.
Children are wo
Of the rest)eg* sea,
Swelling In anger or sparkling In glee,
We follow our race,
lu shifting chase
Over the bound leg* ocean space!
W ho hath b held when the race begun ?
Who shall behold it run?
When the smooth airs keep
Their noontide sleep,,
? o dimple the obaek of the dreaming deep;
When the rough winds come
From their cloudy home,
At tho tap of the hurricane's thunder drum.
?P ure the furrows of wrath we plough,
Kidging his darkened brow!
Over us born,
The unclouded Morn
Trumpets her joy with tho Triton's horn,
And aun and star
"y the thousands are
nrhed In our glittering near and far;
The splendor of Heaven, the pomp of day,
Shine in our laughing spray !
We murmur our spell
Over sauil and shell;
We girdle tho reef with a foaming swell;
And bound in the vice
Of the Arctic ice,
We build us a paluce of grand dcvice?
Walls of crystal and splintered spires,
Flashing with diamond fires I
In tho endless round
Of our motion and sound,
The inmost dwelling of Beauty is found,
And with voico of strange
And solemn change,
The elements speak in our world-wide range
Harping the terror, the might, the mirth,
Sorrows and hopes of Earth! ,
Ignorance and Crime.
According to official reports the whole num
ber of persons convicted of crimes in the State
of New \ ork, from 1840 to 1848, inclusive, was
27,5)49. Of these 1,182 were reported as hav
ing received a "common education," 414 as
having a "tolerably good education," and 128
only as well educated. Of the remaining 2ti,
225, about half were able merely to read and
write; the residue were destitute of any educa
tion whatever.
?tacts, such as these, should be carefully can
vassed by those who go against the free-school
system in this and other States. Who, not
blinded by tho essential oil of selfishness, can
not see that crime goes with ignorance? Nearly
one-half the number of persons convicted of
crime in this State, in eight years, had no edu
cation whatever; while 13,000, "or forty-seven
per cent, of the whole, were able merely to read
and write. Only 128, or less than half of one
per cent, were well educated intellectually.
Their moral aijd social education is not stated,
but we have a right to presume this was grossly
neglected, or that the persons were led into sin
by crafty associates, or, what is perhaps worse,
by the stern temptation of pinching want.
There are live species of education which
every child, whether born in riches or poverty,
in or out of'wedlock, has a right to claim of
society, namely, intellectual, moral, social, phys
ical, and industrial; and socicty having -This
young, unsophisticated, breathing mortal, or
rather wnmortal, in its midst, is bound, by the
most imperious duty, either to let him die at
once, which is, of course, absurd aud revolting,
or to feed, clothe, and develop his body; ex
pand and inform his ifiind; give his moral facul
ties a right direction; and furnish his social
faculties with appropriate stimulus among
good society, and to teach his head and his
hands some honesft occupation, by means of
which, as soon as he is old enough, he may pro
cure all that is necessary for bis mind and body.
This, and only this, is worthy the name of edu
cation. Give every human being this, and it is
our earuett conviction, that it would reduce of
fences against our criminal code to an absolute
nonentity.
If, with all tho ignorance, positively vicious
training, poverty, and no business education,
we find so small a per centage of the eutire com
inunit3- amenable to law by crime, how might
the whole category of crime be swept by tho
board by a large and thorough education. It
costs less, by more than one-half, to educate a
child, and teach him a trade, than it does to
try, convict, aud support a criminal in prison,
as has recently been shown by statistics so
that those short-sighted, miserly hunkers who
oppose free public schools stand in their own
lighten a pecuniary sense.
Give us lrce schools, and teuch all tho people J
how to obtain, by honorable toil, an honest aud
abundant support, and "to let" mujhl he written
on all our pritona. Our ministers of criminal
justice, our sheriffs, constables and policemen
might then have the premises for school houses,
stores or workshops, and do good to mankind I
instead of, as now, spending their lives in try- i
ing to detect and punish evil.
When will the world awake to a true sense
of its duties to the rising generation in respect
to education? How long will sin and misery
curse the race through a want of wisdom, and
an enlarged spirit of noble, but just bencvo
lence ? l'ulpit orators may become hoarse in
teaching abstract theology and morality; the!
press may groan with ita voluminous burdens
of transcendental philosophy; reformers may
crouk over particular evil.-, nay, these agencies I
may be quadrupled in number, power, energy,
and industry, and yet, like the rushing rapids
of Niagara, the generations of men will dash
onward through strife, sin, and sorrow to dis- I
honorable graves, until a broad and manly phi
lanthropy shall make thorough work of univer
sal education in its largest acceptation; until
all the powers and faculties are trained in har- j
mony with their nature, including as an essen
tial element a thorough education to an honor- I
able and remunerative occupation.
We beg to insist upon ami enforce the propo
sition, that, from a want of proper business i
training to a pursuit, which, with common pru- i
dence, industry, and skill, will yield a good sup
port, thousands become vicious vagamonds, who !
otherwise would pursue an honest course, re
spectable and respected. We may thunder the
terrors of the law at idle, unskilled hands and
hungry stomachs, yet men will steal, lie, and
cheat before they will starve. The pinchings 1
of want, and a dreary winter, drive many a man
who would bo honest to crimes intended merely
to secure winter-quarters, a home, a shelter,
and a table in a prison.
Shall politicians and paltry demagogues, '
backed by a few narrow souled sons of Shylock, I
be permitted to deny to all an education at the
public charge? Forbid it, spirit of the ltfth j
century Thank God! such men cannot deny ;
to the poor the sun-light, or hoard up the pure
air of heaven to deal it out as merchandise to ?
others at fifty per cent, profit.?Phrenological
Journal.
Tkxas.?The Democratic State Convention
will assemble on the Hth of January at Austin !
to eleot Delegates to the National Democratic
Convention.
Russia.
The recent Kossuth demonstrations in Eni
?V\ e*i(Jent ttad almost irresistible
influence which Russia exercises over European
affairs, makes her at the present moment an
object of peculiar interest.
??3hhe ?80Ur?e8 P?wer of this empire are
such as to make her character and purposes of
interest to mankind in general. Russia in Eu
rope contains one million five hundred thou
sand square miles. Were it peopled as densely
as the British islands, which contain but ninety
one thousand square miles, it would have a
population of three hundred millions. It is
true that ot this territory a great portion is
forest or extends so far to the north as to
present almost insuperable obstacles to the cul
tivation ol the soil. Yet, even in her deserts,
t is said that there are vast ranges of pastures,
the favorite places of those mounted hordes,
who, in invasion or defence, constitute a most
i?abT?f?n ?f the llussiaa military
power. The heart of the empire iB occupied
by lands of the greatest fertility, producing in
most unlimited abundance all that is necessary
to the sustenance and comfort of man. In its
southern latitudes the vine, the apricot, and
the peach ripen beneath a sky as genial as that
ot our own sunny South, and vast fields of
roses, which, in the language of an elegant
writer, perfume the air for miles around, flower
in luxuriant beauty on the shores of the Dan
ube. The present population of Russia in Eu
rope is about 60,000,000, and it is computed to
double in about half a century. European
5)0 000 000P?n8f a P0,mln,i0n of at lea8t
-uu,uuu,000. Rut, immense as is Russia in Eu
rope, it dwindles into insignificance when com
pared with the Asiatic portion of the empire.
I hat portion amounts to 5,250,000 square miles
or more than an eighth of the whole terres
nOrffSSr* k ?efprC8e','t Population is only
1,000,000, but, if peopled densely as Great
iiritain, it would support 500,000,000, which
with the 300,000,000 which European Russia is
capable of supporting, would present a popula
tion within 200,000 of the number of the pres
ent inhabitants of the globe. The imagination
is staggered in the attempt to picture an empire
occupying one-eighth of the earth's surface, in
habited by nearly as many people as the whole
present population of the world, and all under
the rule of one man. History has never re
corded such a monstrous empire, and we may
well be permitted to doubt whether the eye of
man will ever look upon any single government
of such unnatural magnitude.
The military power of Russia makes a strong
display upon her muster-rolls. These muster
rolte show 850,000 infantry, and 250,000cavalry,
though Alison, an accurate historian, computes
that the true estimate of the Russian army for
offensive war would be 400,000 infantry, 100 000
horse, and 50,000 artillery men in the field.
11ns is undoubtedly a large force, but we have
seen no evidence of lato of Russian military
success which indicates to our minds auy imme
diate danger to Europe. She has made but lit
tle headway in her efforts for a hundred years
at European conquest. She has beaten the
I oles, the 1 urks, and the Iluugarians; acting
in concert, however, in some of these cases
with othera, and availing herself of the aid of
conspiracy and of treachery, as well as of arms
It Napoleon had invaded her in the spring in
stead of the winter, ho would have annihilated
this colossal power, and preserved Europe aud
England from all danger of the avalanche which
now hangs above their heads.
The slavery of Russia is one of the most re
markable leaturcs of the constitution of that
country. It i9 computed that at least forty
millions of her population are slaves. Now,
we appeal to all dispassionate minds whether
it is not one of the strangest things ever re
corded in the annals of human inconsistency
that Great Britain should lavish all her denun
ciations of slavery upon America, and say not
one word of a precisely similar institution, em
bracing more than thirteen times the same
number of slaves, in Russia. Nay, her meat
historian, Alison, absolutely apologizes for
slavery in Russia, and says it is a better con
dition than that of the peasantry of Ireland
"The laborers on a Russian estate," says Mr
Alison, ?' constitute, as they formerly did in the
West Indies, the chief purt of its vuluo; aud
thus the proprietor is induced to take care of
his slaves by the same motives which prompt
him to do so with his buildings or cattle. Re
lief in sickness, care of orphans, maintenance
ot the maimed, or in old age, are important ad-1
vantages to the laboring classes, even in the
most favorable circumstanccs. The long want
of such maintenance and care for the poor is
the true secret of the misery of Ireland. It
would bo a real ^ blessing to its inhabitants, in
ieu of the destitution of freedom, to obtain
the protection of slavery. Stripes, insults and
compulsory labor are no light evils; but they
are as nothing, compared to the wasting agonies
of famine, and the violence of ill-directed and
ungovernable passions, which never fail to seize
upon prematurely emancipated man." Why do
British writers never think of those considera
tions in connexion with American slavery?
We are inclined to regard Russian slavery as
a great element in the military strength of that
people. It gives her government a vait amount
of physical strength to cultivate the earth and
to employ in war. When taken in connexion
with the martial spirit of the whole people,
their superstitious devotion to their emperor
and to the conquest, and the cool and calcula
ting wisdom which marks every step of the
foreign and domestic policy of the Russian gov
ernment, we think that Europo has cause for
gloomy forebodings.?Richmond Dispatch.
Telegraphic Fkat.?The New York and New
Orleans telegraph line, at noon to-day, seut and
received messages to and from each terminus
with as much ease as though it were only to
and from Philadelphia or Boston. At twelve
o'clock, a message of thirty-four words, ad
dressed to the New Orleans Picayune, was sent
from the office in this city direct, and an answer
was returned in less than five minutes. The
distance between New York and New Orleans,
by telegraph, is over nineteen hundred miles
and we aro informed the above foat has never
been performed before to-day, since the estab
lishment of telegraphs in this country.
[AT. Y. Com. Adv.
How to n e a Woman of Fashion.?To be
a woman of fashion is one of the easiest things
in the world. A late writer thus dencrifyes it:
Buy every thing you don't Want; pay for no
thing you do; smile on all mankind but your
husband; be happy everywhere but at home;
hate the country; adore Paris; neglect your
children; nurse lap-dogs; and go to church
every time you get a new shawl.
A good conscience seats the mind on a rich
throne of lasting quiet, but horror waits upon a
guilty soul.
! Hoaxing Learned Bodies.?The broadest
and most laughable attempt of this kind we
ever heard of ib related by the venerable Mat
thew Carey of Judge Breokenridge the elder.
The Judge, it seems, had a mortal antipathy to
philosophical societies, which was the more re
markuble from his being a scientific and well
read man. But he at length explained the mys
tery, by stating that he had been rejected by
the American Philosophical Society, of which
he was a candidate for membership, in revenge
for a democratic vote he had giveu in the legis
lature of Pennsylvania agaiust what was termed
the "province money." Aud he resolved to be
revenged in return. He not only wrote his sa
tirical work called Modern Chivalry, but he
palmed off upon that body some most ridiculoui
deceptions. Among other things, he took hi?
grandmother's fan, and, having ingeniously
twisted, gummed und painted and prepared it,
sent it to the society as the wing of a bat!
Matthew Carey says "it was received with due
solemnity, and a vote of thanks was passed to
the donor. A debate arose a* to the apeoie# of
bat to which it belonged; and a oommittee of
seven was appointed to ascertain whether it
was the wing of a Madagascar or Canada bat.
The committee sat three weeks, and, after con
sulting Button's Natural History and Gold
smith's Animated Nature, they reported that it
must have belonged to a Madagascar bat. It
was pronounced the greatest curiosity in the
museum, except a large sheet of brown paper,
which he hung in the chimney, and disguised
with soot and dirt, and palmed upon the society
as part of a Brahmin's shirt!"
Equality of thk Racks.?This is the sub
ject of a new work by John Campbell, which
has just issued from the press in Philadelphia.
To prove the inferiority of the negro to the
white race, the writer adduces many facts, both
ancient and modern. We have only room for
the following extract:
" I take it for granted that no dark race or
men has ever been equal to a white race. Equal
numbers, cetcris paribus, the dark race ^ must
submit to the fair; tho two cannot exist to
gether in the same community on terms of
equality. 1 speak not here of the justice or in
justice of the matter?I only speak of the fact :
the whole history of the world proves it. It is
an actual fact, a truth, a reulity, as it waa five
thousand years ago, bo it was four, and three,
and two, and one thousand years ago?bo it ib
to-day, that the dark races have always to
yield to the superior intellect of the white.
Never at any given time, from the most infi
nitely remote antiquity until now, has there
ever appeared a race of negroes, that is, men
with woolly heads, flat noses, thick and protru
ding lips, f ho has over emerged from a state
of savageism or barbarism, to even a demi-oivil
ization: look to the West Indies, to Braiil, to
Australia, to the Gold Coast, to Zanguebar, to
Congo, to Senegambia, to Ashantee, nay, to
the civilization under his Imperial Highness
| Faust,in, the first Emperor of Hayti, and an
swer me, ye Garrisons, and Philipses, and Fol
soms, aud Smiths, .what has thia race done in
five thousand years ?"
DECLINE.0* K.OYAL AND NOBLE FaMILISB.?
Burke, in the " Anecdotes of the Peerage,
says: " It has often occurred to ua that a very
iuteresting paper might be written on the rise
and fall of English families. Truly does Dr.
Borlase remark, that 'the most lasting houaea
have only their seasons, more or less, of a cer
tain constitutional strength: they have their
spring and summer, sunshine glare, their wane,
decline and death.' Take, for example, the
Pluntageneta, the Staffords, and the Nevilles,
the three most illustrious names on the roll of
English nobility. What race in Europe sur
passed in royal position, in personal achievement,
our Henrys and our Edwards'.'" and yet we find
the great-great-grandson of Margaret Plantage
net, daughter and heiress of George, Duke of
Clarence, followed the craft of a cobbler, at the
little town of Newport, in Shropshire, in the
year 1687. Besides, if we are to investigate
the fortune of many of the inheritors of the
royal arms, it would soon be discovered that
? the aspiring blood of Lancaster' had sunk into
the ground. Tho princely stream flows at the
present time through very humble veins. Among
the lineal descendants of Edmuud of Woodstock,
earl of Kent, sixth boh of Edward I., king of
England, entitled to quarter the royal arms,
occur Mr. Joaeph Smart, of Halestown, butcher,
and Mr. George Wilmot, keeper of the turn
pike gate at Cooper'a bank, near Dudley; and
among the descendants of Thomas Plantagenet,
duke of Gloucester, fifth son of Edward I., we
may mention Mr. Stephen Jamea Penny, the
late sexton of St. George's, Hanover Square."
Extravagance.?A New ^ ork letter aaya,
a it i8 stated that the importation of silk goods
and other fancy fabrics for ladiea' dresses, into
the port of New York, varies from one to three
millions of dollars in value weekly, and that
the cost of these gewgaws for the fairer part of
our population is what drains tho country of
specie, and brings on commercial distress; so if
the ladies go upon the principle of rule or ruin,
they will bo pretty sure to accomplish one of
their purposes."?Buffalo Courier.
Gen. Joe Lane was dtnnertd publicly, on the
1st, by his friends in Vandcrberg oounty, In
diana. It was respectably attended, and passed
off pleasantly. The General in his address
showed that lie had no objection to running for
the Presidency, but modestly said he woald
prefer that Cass, Dickinson, or Douglas should
run.
A writer says that'women require more Bleep
than men, and farmers less than those engaged
in almost any other occupation. Editors, re
porters, and doctors need no sleep at all. Law
yers can sleep as much as they please, and thua
keep out of misohief.
A gentleman of Newburgh, in overhauling
some old family papers the other day, came
across the original order book of Burgoyns,
used by him in bis march from Canada to Sara
toga. r.
The Peoria Democratic Prut says a Mr. llayea
of Dewitt county has 2,800 hogs for market
this season, of which number 1,800 will average
300 lbs. At the price which at present promises
to.be obtained, these hogs cau not bring less
than $30,000^
A wise man, said Seneca, is provided for oc
currences of any kind ; the good he manage#,
the bod he vanishes; in prosperity he betraya
no presumption, and in adversity he feels no
despondency.
There was a grand bear and dog fight at St.
Louis last week. Barbarous fun for oiviliied
people. _____
Another German Protestant Asylum is abont
to be erectcd at Louisville.

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