Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON: THURSDAY AFTERNOON, DECEMBER 18, 1851
PRICE 2 CENTS AMERICAN TELEGRAPH FUJBJLlgHBD EVERY AFTERHOON, ? (kxokpt bunday,) On fth it., opposite Odd-Fellows' Hall, BT T. C. CONNOLLY, | At Ten Cents a Week, or TWO 0BNT8 A SINGLE COPY. * To subscribers served by the carriers, the paper will b? furnished regularly for U.n cents per week, payable weekly. 4W To mail subscribers, $5 a year; $2 60 tor ' six months; $1 25 tor three months; 60 cent* a month. No paper mailed unless paid for iu advance, and discon tinued when the term paid for expires. CASH TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Half square, (? Unas or less,) four insertions $1 00 1 miuaro, 1 or 3 ins. . $1 00 1 1 do 2 months .. 7 00 1 do 1 week .... 1 76 | 1 do 3 months . . 10 00 1 do 2 weeks ... 2 75 j 1 do 6 months . . lfl 00 1 square, 1 month... 4 00 | I do 1 year .... 80 00 Twelve Une* (or oo*r tix) make a tquare?longer adver tisements in exaat proportion. Advertisers will please endeavor to send In their favors before 11 o'clock, if possiblo. THIRTY-SECOND CONGRESS. Term commences March 4, 1851, and terminates March 4, 1853. The First Session opens on Monday, December 1, 1851. SENATE. The Senate consists of two Senators from each State. Since the admission of California, there are thirty-one States, represented by sixty-two Senators. The Senators who held over from the 4th of last March were forty-one, viz: eighteen Whigs and twenty-three Democrats. Of the twenty-one new Senators, three are yet to be elected from the following States: California?Legislature Democratic. Connecticut?Legislature to be chosen in April, 1862. Tennessee?Legislature Whig. SENATORS HOLDING OVtftt AND ELECT. Whigs in italic; Democrats in roman?those marked F. S. are Frec-soilers or Abolitionists; U., those elected as Union men; S. R-, those elected as Southern or Stato Rights men. Term, Term ALABAMA. Expire*. MicniGAN. Expires. Jeremiah Clemens - 1853 Alpheus Felch - - - 1863 Win. it. King(S. K.) - 1855 Lewis Cass - - - - 1867 ARKANSAS. MISSOURI. Wm. K. Sebastian - 1853 David R. Atchison ? 1855 Solon Borland - - - 1855 Henry S. Qeyer - - 1857 CONNECTICUT. NEW HAMPSHIRE. Truman Smith - - 1855 John P. Hale (F.S.) - 1863 ... 1867 Moses Norris, Jr. - - 1855 CALIFORNIA. NEW YORK. Wm. M. Gwin ' - - 1855 Wm. IT. Seward (F.8.) 1855 ___ -. - ... 1857 Hamilton Fish ... 1867 , DELAWARE. NEW JERSEY. Presley Spruo.nct - - 1865 Jacob W. Miller - - 1853 Jaines A. Bayard - - 1857 Robert F. Stockton - 1857 ri.ORIDA. NORTH CAROLINA. Jackson Morton - - 1855 Willi*. P. Mangum - 1853 Stophen R. Mallory - 185T George E. Badger - ? 1855 UKOROIA. OHIO. John Mel'. Berrien ? 1853 Salmon P.Chase(F.S.) 1856 j Win. C. Dawson - ? 1855 Benjamin F. Wade - 1857 INDIANA. PENNSYLVANIA. James Whltcomb - - 1866 James Cooper - - - 1853 Jesse D. Bright - - 1857 Richard Brodhead, jr. 1857 ILLINOIS. RHODE ISLAND. Stephen A. Douglas - 1853 John II. Clarke ? - 1863 James Shields - - - 184* Charles T. James - - 1857 IOWA, ? SOUTH CAROLINA. George W. Jones - - 1851 K. B. Rhett (SR.') - ? 1853 Augustus C. Dodge - 1856 A. 1*. Butler (S.R.) ? 1855 *KNTUeST. . TENNI6SSEX. Joseph K. l/nderwood 1853 John Udl .... 1858 Henry Cloy - - ? 186* James C. Junes U?7 LOUISIANA. TEXAS. Sol. U. Downs (U.) - 1853 Bam Houston ^ , . 1853 Pierre Poule(S.R ) - 1855 Thomas J. Kusk - ? 1857 MAINE. VERMONT. Jan. W. Bradbury - 1853 WiUiam Uftham. - . 1863 Hannibal Hamlin - 1867 Solomon >b<*t - - ? 1867 MASSACHUSETTS. VIRUIXIA. John Davie - - - - 1853 R.M.T. Hunter (3.R.) 1S6S Chas. Sumner (F.S.) - 1867 Jas. M. Mason (o.R.)- 1867' MARYLAND. WISCONSIN. James A. I'tarce - - 1855 Isaac P. Walker - - 1865 Thomas G. l'rutt - - 1867 Henry Dodge - ? ? 1867 Mississippi. Henry S. Foote (U.) - 1853 Joffergon Davis(S.R.) 1867 Mfcsnrs. Foote and Davis, of Mississippi, have resigned. Of the membere elect, and those holding over, thirty-four are Democrats, twenty-one are Whigs, and four Free-soilers. Of the Free soilers, Hale and Seward were elected by a union of Whigs and Free-soilers ; Sumner and Chase were elected by Democrats and Free soilers combined. Dodge, (Democrat,) of Wis consin ; Fish, (Whig,) of New York; Foote, (Whig,) of Vermont; and Wade, (Whig,) of Ohio, are also put down by some as Free-soilers. H0U3E OF REPRESENTATIVES. The House consists of two hundred and thirty-three members and four Territorial dele gates. These delegates, however, hare no rote. Annexed are the names of the MEMBERS ELECT. ALABAMA. 1 John Bragg, (8. R.) 6 George 8. Houston 2 James Mtercromiie # W. K. W. Cobb 3 Sump. W. Harris, (8. R.) 7 Alex. WhiU 4 William R. Smith ARKANSAS. 1 Robt. W. Johnson, (8. R.) , CONNECTICUT. 1 Charlei Chapman 3 C. F. Cleveland 2 C. M. Intrrsoll 4 O. 8. Seymour CALIFORNIA. 1 Edward C. Marshall 2 J. W. McOoTkle DELAWARE. 1 George R. Riddle FLORIDA. 1 Rlward C. Cabell U0MU. 1 J W. Jackson, (8. R.) 6 B. W. Chastain, i 2 Jam?s Johnson, (O.) 0 Junius Hillyer, 3 David J. Bailey, (S. R.) 7 A. H. Skphens, ( 4 Charles Murphy, (C.) 8 Kobert lbonbs,(V.t INDIANA. 1 James Lockhart 6 Willis A. Gorman 2 Cyrus L. Dunham 7 John G. Davis 3 John L. Robinson 8 Daniel Mace , 4 ftimuei W. ISirker 9 Uraham N. Kitr.h 6 Thomas A. Hendricks 10 Samuel BrenUm ILLINOIS. 1 William H. Bissell 6 Wm. A. Richardson 2 Willis Allen 8 Thompson Campbell 3 Orlando B. Fioklln 7 Richard 1'aUs 4 Richard 8. Moloney * IOWA. 1 Lincoln L. Clark 2 Bernhardt Henn KENTUCKY. 1 Linn Boyd A Addison While ?J Uei\i? E, Grey 7 Humphrey Marshall 3 I're.sley Ewing 8 John C. Breckinridge 4 William T. Ward ? J. C. Mason 6 Junes W. Stone 10 R. II. Stanton LOUISIANA. 1 Ijouls St. Martin, (S. R.) 3 Alex. G. Penn, (8. R.) 2 J. Ariftide Isindry * Isaae B. Morse (S. R.) MAINE. 1 Moses McDonald * Ephraim K. Smart 2 John Apptaton ? !>mel Washburn, jr. 3 Robert (/?xxUnou) 1 Thomas J. D. Fuller 4 Charles Andrews MASSACHUSETTS. 1 WiUiam Appleton 8 George T. Davit 2 Robt. Rantoul, jr., (F.S.) 7 John Z. (kxxlrirh 3 James H. Duncan 8 Horace Mann, (F. 8.) 4 H. Thnmpsnn 9 Orin Puttier 6 Charles Allen, (F. 8.) to Ze.no Scudile.r MARYLAND. 1 Richanl I. Howie * 4 Thomas T. Welsh 2 Wm. T. Hamilton 5 Alexander Evans 3 Edward Hammond 6 Joseph S. Cottman MICHIGAN. 1 Hbeneser J. Penniman 3 James I. Conger 2 0. B. Stuart MISSOURI. 1 John F. Darby 4 Willard P. Hall 2 Gikshrist Pori*r 6 John 8. Phelps 3 John G. Miller MISSISSIPPI. 1 D. B. Nabors, (U.) 3 J. D. Freemen 2 John A. Wilcox, (U.) 4 A. G. Brown in, (U.) er.Al.) *> (H-J MINNESOTA. ? II. H. Stbley, (del.) NEW HAMI-BH1E*. 1 Amos Tuck, (F. 8.) 3 Jartl Perkins 2 Churl** H. Peaslee 4 Harry lllbbard NEW YORK. 1 Jiibu O. Floyd 2 Obadiah Bourn* 'i Emanuel 0. Hurt 4 J. H. Hobart Haws 6 George Briggs 6 James Brooks 7 Abraham P. Steven* K Gilbert Dean 0 William Murray 10 Mart us SchoonmaJ.er 11 Josiah Sutherland, jr. I 12 David L. Seymour 13 John L. Schoolcraft 14 John H. Boyd 16 Joseph Russell 16 John WW* 17 Alexander H. Buel 18 Preston King (F. 3.) 19 WlUard Ives 20 Timothy Jenkins 21 William W. Snow 22 Henry Bennett 23 Leander Baboock 24 Dauiei T. Jones 26 Thomas V. How, jr. 20 II. S. Walbridye 27 William A. Suckett 28 Ab. M. Schermerhom 20 Jedediah Hosford 30 Heuben Kobie 31 Frederick S. Martin 32 & U. Haven 33 Aug. P. Hascall 34 Lorenzo Burrows NEW JER8ET. 1 Nathan D. 8trattou 4 George IL Brown 1 Charles Skelton 6 Kodmau M. Price S Isaac Wildrick NORTH CAROLINA. 1 T. L. Clingman, (8. R.) ? John K. J. Daniel 2 Joseph P. Caldwell 3 Alfred Doddery 4 Janus T. Morehead i A. W. Vcnable, (8. R.) NEW MEXICO. ? R. II. Welghtman, (dol.) 01II0. 1 David T. Disney 12 John Welsh 2 L. D. Campbell, (F. S.) 13 Jaincs M. Clay lord 7 W. 8. Ashe 8 Edward Stanly 0 David Outlaw 3 Hiram Bell 4 Benjamin Stanton 5 Alfred P. Egertou 6 Frederick W. Green 7 Nelson Harrere 8 John L. Taylor 9 Edqou B. Olds 10 Charles Sweetser 11 George II. Busby 14 Alexander Harper 16 William W. Hunter 16 John Johnson 17 Joseph Cable 18 David K. Cartter 19 Bben Newton, (F. 8.) 20 J. It. Giddiiujs, (F. 8.) 21 N. 8. Townshend OREGON. * Joseph Laue, (del.) PENNSYLVANIA. 1 Thomas B. Florenoo 13 James Gamble 2 Joseph It. Chandler 3 Henry V. Moore 4 John Kobblns, jr. 6 John McNair 6 Thomas Boss 7 John A. Morrison 8 Thaddeus Steven* 9 J. Glaucy Jones 10 Milo M. Dimmiek 11 Henry M. Ftdler 14 T. M. Bibigliaus 15 William II. Kurts 16 J. X. MeLanahan 17 Andrew Parker 18 John L. Dawson 19 Joseph II. Kuhns 20 John Allison 21 Thomas M. Hoive 22 John W. Howe (F.S.) 23 Carleton IJ. Curtis | 12 Galusha A. Grow (F. 3.) 24 Alfred Gillmoro RHODE 18 LAND. 1 George G. King ' 2 Benjamin II. Thurston SOUTH CAROLINA. 1 Daniel Wallace, (3. R.) 5 Armistoad Burt, (8. R.) 2 James L. Orr, (S. R.) ? William Aiken, (S. R.) 3 J. A. Woodward, (3. R.) 7 Wm. F. Colcock, (8. R.) 4 John McQuecn, (3. R.) TENNESSEE. 7 Meredith P. Gentry 8 William Cullom 9 Isliam G. Harris 10 Fred. P. Stanton 11 Christopher H. Williams 1 Andrew Johnsou 2 Albert G. Wi/fci'rw 3 G. W. Church well 4 John II. Savage 6 George W. Jones 6 Wm. H. Polk 1 Richardson Scurry, (U.) 2* Yolney E. Iloward, (C.) UTAH. ?John M. Bernhisel, (U.) VIRGINIA. 1 John 3. Mil loon, (S. R.) 9 James F. Strother 2 R. Kidder Mead0fcIS. R.) 3 Thos. II. Avcrott, (S. R.) 4 Thos. 8. Uocock, (S. R.) 6 l'aulus Powell, (3. R.) 6 John 3. Caskie, (3. K.) 7 Thomas U. Bayly, (U.) 8 A. R. Ilolladay, (S. R.) VERMONT. 1 Ahimnn L. Miner 3 Jtrmes Meacham 2 Willium Hebard 4 Th. Bartlett, jr., (F. S.) WISCONSIN. 1 Charles Durkee, (F. S.) 3 James D. Doty, (F. S.) 2 Benj. C. Eastman 10 Charles J. Faulkner 11 John Letcher, (U.) 12 II. Kdiaondson, (U.) 13 F. B. McMullen, (U.) 14 J.M. H. Beale, (U.) 14 Goo. W.Thompson, (U.) ?Delegates from the Territories. RECAPITULATION BY FIGURES. -1860-'51. Whig. Dem. 1 ? 2 8 1 6 ? 2 b * 1 3 ?2 6 0 1 4 2 I Alabama Arkansas - Connecticut I Delaware Florida Indiana J Illinois I Iowa - Kentucky ? ! Louisiana - Maine Massachusetts ? Maryland - California - Georgia ] Michigan - Missouri Mississippi - New Hampshire i New York - New Jersey J North Carolina - I Ohio - Pennsylvania - ' Khode Island South Carolina - Tennessee - ] Texas Vermont I Virginia Wisconsin * Total thus for Democratic majority thus for ? Democratic majority in 1849 ? Democratic gain ? A majority of the House is - Democrats elected ...... Southern rights men (21 Democrats and 1 Whig) Free-soilera - ... .1848 , Whig. Dem. 2 17 1 6 9 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 10 2 32 4 6 10 16 11 143 115 118 117 143 22 13 I THE PRESIDENTIAL ASPECT OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. With regard to the vote by States, which only ocours in case the Presidential election is re ferred to the House of Representatives, the fol lowing is the result thus far: Democratic State*?20. Whig Kates?7. Arkansas, (Secession.) Florida, Missouri, (Union.) do Alabama, I California, Connecticut, do Delaware, do Georgia, do 1 Illinois, do Indiana, do Iowa, do Louisiana, do Maine, do Mississippi, do New Jersey, do Ohio, do Pennsylvania do South Carolina, (^Secession.) Texas, (Union.) Tennessee, do Virginia, do Wisconsin, do Massachusetts, Michigan, Maryland, North Carolina, Vermont. Divided?I. Kentucky, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island. STIMSON & CO.'S New York, New Orleans, and Mobile Express, CONNECTING with the swiftest and most responsible expresses between the principal towns In Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island. Con necticut, Ix>wer Canada, New York State, Delaware, Penn sylvania. Maryland, District of Colnmbla, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, the Western States generally, the Mississippi and Alabama river towns, and the prominent places in Geor gia and tbe Carolina*. Our facilities are so extensive and perfrct that we nan secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight, trunks, packages, and valnahle parcels, from one end of j the country to the other, and between the most remote points. From our many years' experience in tbe express busi ness, while oonneflted with Messrs. Adams A Co., and our numerous advantages in other respects, f not tbe least of which Is tbe confidence and patronage of the New York community,) we feel assured that we shall ne#r Cease to give the most entire satlsfoction to our friends, tbe jewel lers, bankers, and nierchants generally. We beg leave to call attention to ourCallfhrnla Express from New Orleans, and our Express between New Orleans and Mobile. [ Offices: St. Charles Hotel Building, New Orleans, and 10 Wall street, New York. mar 24?tf C. H. VAN PATTEN, M. 1)., Surgeon Dentlut, Office near Brovm't Hotel, IVnnsylvunia avenue, Charge* New York aud Philadelphia prices, and guaran tied bis work to be equal to any done in those elder. JOSEPH WIMSATT, DEALER IN GROCERIES, WINES, TEAS, & LIQH0RS, Cor. of Pennsylvania Avenue and Thirteenth sa may 20 Washikgton City, D. 0. SCHOOL BOOKS AND STATlONERf, A T TUB BIBLE DEPOSITORY, corner of E and 10th J\_ streets. [sep 1?tf] JAMES N0URSK. J. MoNEALE LATHAM, Attorney at Law, j Will practise in the- several courts of the District of Columbia. j Office on 4]4 street, near first Presbyterian Church. Jy 10?tf JNO. B. KIBBEY & CO., Dealers ui . FINE GROCERIES, WINES, AND LIQUORS. No. 6, opposite Centre Market, ap 10 W ABHINOTOS ClTT. I). C. ? * J GEORGE E. KIRK, House and Siffii Painter, andGla"^\.tK Si work in hie iiro^ ? J. A. KIRK PAT KICK, MARBLE AND FREE-STONE CUTTER, E street, between 13th and Uth, and -? r akrlK MANTLES, Monuments, TombH, ueaa anu M't'oot Stones, &c-: StoV for Build of work in his line faithfully executed at the shortest notice. " ? PRINTERS' JOINER. WM INOMAN, Cabinet-maker, Carpenter, and 1 nn tera' Furnlturo make'", can be found by ioquirins side. ? JAMES W. SHEAHAN, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, of H. ?? Old Winee, Liquors, Segars, Fresh Foreign Fruita, Comestibles, etc., f(5r sale by JAM US T. LLOYD, Pennsylvania avenue, 3 doors east of FifUtMh street. may 17?ly THE CHRISTIAN STATESMAN. A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER. Devoted to African Colonization and Civilization, to Literature and General Intelligence. THE undersigned propose to publish, in thff City Washington a weekly newspaper, hearing the ?'^e ESSSIsSlifl of coloniii^ ln Afri^ wltn w as mHy becom, rP T the public all important^ Sted?foriU SSSSSSS^a^ ^ puWte favor sDl-uabU thorn, contributions, Jte aud?d?utWc,of d<H* "^ju'ba of the sta* of tb<: fij? Jut lew XiXZZn* win be nearly filled with matter designed VttSe&S. type, on fine white paper, and, *n nwhwexecution, *> the best news PT?Msn-Thr""mton .Statesman will be two dollars a X$ian s?u*?n,it will be supplied on the following terms: , *2 00 Single copy ft>r one year - ? _ *1 yo Single ropy for six months - . 6 00 Three copies for one year * 10 00 Six copies for one year ? - * 3Q 0Q Twenty copies for one year - _ 15 ^ loe, will receive immediate attention.^ ^ quRLEY, _ D. R. OOODIOB.. SSSSS^ssasraSs the states, io . f hinh and general interest to ! jassharss A June BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE, AXD TH* BRITISH QUARTERLY REVIEWS. haw b?0? towsW Mth . w ? m?w the unknown. They occ'upy .. imD0rfeet records of the hasty, di^nt^, ami nee??? y ^,nderous treaties to newspapers, and thei elaborate a ^ Whoever be furnished by the histori t nd connected ?* ruad. thp per^i^-obUlns a^ ^ ^ ^ 01(1 learns the various conclusions IssSsSstl fbllowlng Is their list, vli: Tn* IjONdos Quarterly Rivirw, Th* Emnbcroh RKVirw, Th* North British Review, Th* Wmtmwsti* R*V*w, ana Blackwood's Edisbbiwh Maoamm. though clew-ly and finn^r P ^rl utuiical; " ?la< k aa?."rSr? Siw-- ^.Essssr MP..t U> th* iMt,-rn^.l d' and is not ultra in its 1vlows on n t orhrinaSy edited partment^ of human knowledge. 11 wa^origin My by Dr. Chalmers, and now >ince hta .tojUu ? union of the advantage, by T*sfisrsv?-''i??s d.S.1, ? their Ju-t fac timiU of the Edinburgh edition. For any one of the four Reviews, |3 OOper annnm. For any two, ?? 5 ^ For any three, d0 ? )0 ? For all four of the Revlews, 8 00 For Blackwood's Magazine, -i F'.r Blarkwood and thre? Reylews, ft on ( For Blackwood and four Reviews, 10 00 Kldresswl, post paid or 79 Fulton street, New York. ?. . Entrance 64 Gold ?t. mar !M? CITY COUNCILS. CORPORATION OF WASHINGTON. Board of Aldkrmkn, ?? Monday, JJecemOtr 15, 1851. / Present: Messrs. Dove, Miigruder, Bayly, Wilson, Towers, Borrows, Sweeny, Maury, French, (President,) Wirt, Thornley, Gordon, Morgan, aud Page. Ihe (-HAiii laid before the Board a commu nication <rom the Mayor nominating Dennis Callaghan as police officer for Fifth Ward; which was read, and on motion ordered to lie on the table. On motion of Mr. Borrows, the Board re sumed the consideration of the bill "in relation to liber Creek'?and the question being on the third reading of the tame, it was decided in the negative as follows : Yeas?Messrs. Borrows, Sweoay, Wirt, Thornley, and Frunch?fi. Nays?Messrs. Ma?ruiler, Bayly, Wilson, Gordon and Morgan?5. So the resolution was rejected. Tire following bills from the Board of Com mon Council were severally taken up, read three times, and passed, viz: " Au act authorizing the construction of flag footways in the Second and Third Wards "An act for graveling Delaware avenue;" " An act making an appropriation for the re pair of the plunk footbridge at M street south and " An act for the relief of Daniel Dunn." The following bills from the Board of Com mon Council were severally taken up, read twice, and referred to the Committee on Im provements,, viz : "An act authorizing the taking up and relay ing of the gutter on the south side of D street north, between 8th and 9th streets west;" "An act for completing the grading of L street north;" and "An act making an appropriation for a gravel walk in the First Ward." Tire bill from the Board of Common Council "making an additional appropriation for de fraying the contingent expenses of the Corpo ration for the year ending 30th of June, 1852," was taken up, read twice, and referred to the Committee on Finance. ^ The resolution from the Board of Common Council "authorizing an application to Congress for the establishment of au asylum for lunatics," was taken up, read twice, and ordered to lie on the table. The amendment of the Board of Common Council to. the bill "for graveling Louisiana avenue," was taken into consideration, and agreed to. The bill from the Board of Common Council "authorizing the curbstones to be set and the footway paved in the south parts of squares 345,. 375, 405 aud 4L'!>," was taken up, read twice, and referred to the delegation from the Second and Third Wards. ^ The resolution from the Board of Common Council, "authorizing Miss Ann R Dermott to extend the steps to her house seven feet six inches from the building line," was taken up aud read twice, and the question on the third reading being takeu bx^eas and nays, it was decided in the negati,-*s by an unanimous vote. I lit resolution tram the Board df Common Council, "to regulate the description of real estate sold or transferred in the city of Wash ington, ' was takcu up, read twice, and referred to Messrs. Magruder, Maury, and Thornley. ^ The resolution from the Board of Common Council, " authorizing an application to Con gress for an amendment to tire city charter," was taken up, and having been twice read? Mr. Thornley moved to amend the same by adding the following: " And further, to ask Congress to grant a portion of the public lauds, or, in lieu thertfof, a sum of money, the better to ndvance educa tion in the District of Columbia," which was agreed to, and the resolution as amended was then read the third time and adopted. Mr. Tiiornlky, from the Committee on Claims, reported unfavorably on the petition of Henry Wheeler, and asked to be discharged from the further consideration of the same, and they were discharged accordingly. Mr. Morgan on leave submitted a resolution in relation to the reorganization of the " Fire Department," which was read and adopted. Mr. Dovk on leave introduced " An act mak ing an annual appropriation to vaccinate the poor of the city," which was read thrfce times and passed, Aud the Board adjourned. [For proceedings of the Board of Common Council see to-morrow's paper.] AMERICAN TELEGRAPH WASHINGTON l THURSDAY AFTERNOON, DECEMBER 18. Kxtcnitlon of tlie Cnpltol. In the House of Representatives, yesterday, Mr. Riddle offered a resolution authorizing the architect of the Capitol extension to continue in employment so many of the 150 mechanics and laborers recently discharged as the public interest might warrant. This was done at the request of the workmen themselves; but the resolution was laid on the table, which amounts to a defeat. We regret the necessity for the suspension of this work, but hope the worthy and industrious men now out of employment may soon find occupation and a liberal reward for their services. The season is inclement, and they and their families must bo provided for. A New Banking House in Georgetown. The Baltimore Sun annouuees that a new private Exchange and Banking Institution has been organized under the title of the " Dank of Com merce," by the appointment of Charles E. Rit tenhouse as President, and Hugh D. Sweeny, as Cashier, and will commence operations early in the ensuing month. Mr. Rittenhouse has bten a clerk in the Rank of the Metropolis for the last eighteen years; and Mr. Sweeny as principal teller in the Bank of Washington since the year 1835. It is also proposed to es tablish, in connexion with the bank, a Savings' Institution. Mr. Rittenhouse lias purchased the banking-house of the " Union Bank," and Mr. Matthew G. Emory is now engaged in pre paring a red freestone front for the building, which will be ready to insert In the course of two or three weeks. Mr. Petit is also engaged upon the carpenter's work. Despatches to Spain. The Republic understands that George 11. Miles, esq., of Baltimore, left this city yester day as a special bearer of despatches from the Department of State to Mr. Burringer, United States minister at Madrid, and infers that these despatches relate to the release of the prisoners captured in Cuba, as members of Lopez's expe dition, and also to the case of Mr. John S. Thrasher. The Administration acts with deliberation, and in this respect, at least, reminds us of greatness, and power, and deep premeditated resolves. There arc those, however, who could appreciate and commend greater alacrity. The fire Department of Washington. At the meeting of the Board of Aldermen, on Monday evening, Dr. Morgan offered the fol lowing resolution, which was, we believe, unani mously adopted, to wit: Resolved, That the Committee on the Fire De partment bo, and the same is hereby, instructed to report to this Board the propriety of reor ganizing that department in the following man ner : 1st. To make each member a policc officer from the time the apparatus leaves tbe engine house until it is returned into the same. 2d. To appoint a chief of the fire depart ment, with power to commission each fireman, with the advice and consent of the Board of Aldermen, and to fix a proper salary for the same. 3d. To give to the said chief of the fire de partment the power to constitute any citizen a fireman for the time, and to fix a fine for the refusal of said citizen to comply with his com mands. 4th. To make each of the city police a fire man, and to fix a penalty for any persou unau thorized to take hold of, or to interfere in any way with the fire apparatus. We think the plan here revealed will form the basis of as good an organization as can be well devised upon the voluntary system. The third proposition, however, is objectionable. We can get along with either a pay or a volun tary system; but a coercive system will never answer. ghakspcare. Ilin was the wizard's spell, The Spirit lu enchain? His grasp o'er nature fell? Creation owned his reign. [From tho New York HernM.j The Gathering Storm?the Field of Rev olution In Europe and America. A fearful storm is lowering over Europe. The portents are as distinct as the sepulchral stillness and tho gathering darkness which pre cede the terrible descent of a tornado. Al ready we may detect the glimmer of the light ning over Trance, and hear the deep and so lemn reverberations of tbe warning thunder from distant Italy ; while the heavy clouds of revolution are thickening and blackening along the whole extent of the Danube and the Rhine. Tho present condition of the Continent, in uiTits aspects, is a condition of awful and impressive grandeur. Tho deep and deadly spirit of ha tred and revenge between the people and their rulers, the oppressive armistice between exist ing institutions and revolutionary principles', comprehend not only the immiuent approach of a continental war, but issues and consequences which mock tbe application of historical exam ples, and defy the limited powers of all human sagacity. The revulsion not only threatens to involve the existing political systems of Europe in one common ruin, but to strike at those mo ral, traditional, and religious clcmeuts which lie at the basis of society, not only in Europe but throughout the civilized world. Such is the fearful magnitude of the impending revo lution, ami such the startling measure of the consequences to be involved iu the coutcst. In a word, we are approaching the crisis between tbe past and the luture, between the churches I and philosophy, between old traditions and new theories," between despairing despotism and ! fierce anarchy?and God defend the right. Our latest intelligence from France explains the industry of Kossuth towards the great ob jects of his mission, since his arrival upon our shores, and justifies his arrangements for a speedy return to England. Europe is already ripe lor action. The revolutionary elements arc impatient of delay. They may not await the appointed signal of the French presidential I election. Mazzini, Ledrn Rollin, Louis Blanc, and other revolutionary leaders, are perfecting their plans in London, while their secret agents are diffusing their circulars from the Khiue to tho Rhone, and from Paris to ltuly. Kossuth is naturally desirous to be at headquarters be fore tho rapptUt is sounded. His mission is not limited to Hungary. He i^the recognised chief of the European republican conspirators. But I he is a wise man. He has, with the energy of an enthusiast, the skill of a diplomat. He is the recognised head of the projected European movement, which is to he simultaneous and co operative throughout the continent. This ex plains his grand idea of " tho solidarity of the peoples;" and it was confirmed in the formida ble display of the republicans of all nations, last week, in their united strength before the Irving House. In this view, the undisguised hostility of Archbishop Hughes to the great Hungarian is easy of solution. To bo sure, Kossuth in his speeches in England made several palpable hits at the Jesuits, and the "Jesuitical government of Austria," and that is something naturally calculated to excite the hostility of a true Jesuit. Kossuth has lauded England to the skies, and that is enough for an Irishman, a Catholic, au Archbishop, and possibly a Cardinal. The Ec olesiastical Titles bill is n law of the English Parliament, declaring the bull of the Pope, lay ing off the British Island.-* into Catholic bishop rics, a nullity, and obedienco to it a criminal oirence. Kossuth's praise of England, alter that paltry bit of anti popery legislation, is scarcely more palatable to Archbishop Hughes than to Cardinal Wiseman, or the Primate of all Ireland. But the hostility of our .Arch bishop to Kossuth lies upon a broader and deeper foundation than mere extraneous cir cumstances like these. The disciples of Loyola arc proverbial for their far-reaching hagncity, and thoir persevering devotion to great objects, however distant. The Jesuit will plant nu acorn, satisfied that tho order will enjoy tbe shelter of the oak. The bearings of the present upon future events are their particular study. Archbishop Hughes belongs to this school. Ho is something of a Talleyrand in politics, or a Richelieu on the Wrong side of the Atlantic. He is, of course, devoted to the government, but the first interest is the Church. A danger menacing the Church is superior tu ull other (lungers. And this is the point. It requires no Talleyrand uor Richelieu to foresee that in the event of a continental revolution, the tem poral and even the ecclesiastical government of the Pope are in immediate danger of extinc tion?uot of a mere removal to (Jaetu, for u few months, but of extinction and extirpation from ?the face of Europe. France, though nominally Catholic, is infidel in fact. The seed sown by Voltuire has taken deep root iu the soil. At his day religion had aguin degenerated into ceremonials and super stition, and from superstition to infidelity the gradations are natural nnd easy. Through out Germany, the doctrines of the schools of philosophy have nlmost entirely eradi cated the true principles of the Catholio church; and even iu the Protestant societies there is more of empty formality than of honest devotion. Wo might fill this paper with evi dence to this point?that the prime movers of revolution, and the masses of their adherents throughout Germany, as in France, are free thinkers, often to the extremest absurdities of atheism. The late revolutionary struggle in Home, and tiio guard which the French army has been compelled to maintain over the Pope from that day to the present hour, betray the extent of the mutiny in the camp of Pio Nono, ( even under the shadows of the basilica of St. Peter. In truth, as in 1848, so in 1852, the first blow of the general revolt will probably be struck in Italy?in Home?and at the Pope and the Popedom. Hence we find the French army in Paris, in anticipation of the necessity, ha rangued upon its duty of defending the Pope. The programme of. the projected revolution, then, may bo safely s?*t down as comprehending the deposition of the Pope, temporal and spirit ual, aud the extirpation of the College of Car dinals, the schools of the priesthood, monks and friars, monasteries and convents, from the continent. With the success of the rev ary movement, it then becomes probal the Pope and the church will be driven to r ica for safety and protection. Here, then, as the chief of tho revolutionary conspirators?us the great npostle of liberty? to whom all parties in Europe bow with defer ence and respect?here, iu this danger to the Pope and the church, may Kossuth trace the deep foundation of the hostility of Archbishop Hughes. It is 110 new hostility; it existed as fervently in 18-18 as in 1851. The mission of Kossuth is identified with all tho revolutionary elements of Europe"; their plans and principles ' menace the Pope and his church with the most imminent peril. Archbishop Hughes has not been to Europe on a fool's errand: he appre ciates the danger ; he knows it to exist; he has seen it iu llome ; he feels it here ; and he hates the agitator whose mission is fruught with such, disastrous contingencies. The destruction of the Pope, nnd of the for midable organization of his church, would be a subject of great rejoicing to tho Protestants, from the hierarchy of England to the seventy Elders of the Latter Buy Saints at the Great .Salt Lake. It was the building of St. Peter's I that worked out the reformation of Luther; but its destruction will be followed with far more radical changes, and operating over a f ir wider range of revolution. We shall feel the effects, on tliis side the Atlantic, in the due progress of events. Quite as manifest as tho reactionary spirit against tho Church of Rome, is the popular sentiment of Europe against the American in stitution of slavery. In Eugland and on the continent, (he equality of all raccs is admitted. This was ,'llustrated at the Crystal Palace, in the flirtatious between the rosy daughters of the island, and tho darkey and woolley headed descendants of Congo or the Gold Coast of Africa. We sec it illustrated in the French Assembly. The two delegates from the island of Martinique, sitting in that body, arc black as the King of Dahomey, but are, in castc, on a footing of perfect equality and fra ternity with M. Berryer, Victor Hugo, aud the whole Assembly, and the whole nation. The same priuciple is universal on the continent. The Hungarians, from their isolated position, are practically ignorant of the nature of our in ternal controversy on this question. But the rest of Europo understands U, and the socialist Germans are, especially, identified in sentiment with our Abolitionists, next to the English agitators. At this time, socialist agents of the continental revolutionists are busy among us pro mulgating the doctriuc of negro emancipation. Br. Iiinkelis blending his German national loan collections with abolition meetings in the West. At Cleveland, Ohio, at a late Kinkel meeting, it was distinctly declared that after the people of Kurope are delivered from despotism, the slaves of our Southern States shail be liberated. We might, also produce proofs from certain journals in this city, and from certain meetings as far south as Richmond, Virginia, disclosing a revo lutionary programme iu behalf of the people of the United States, even more radically demo cratic than the crudest democracies of ancient Greece. After the liberation of Europe, it is thus disclosed that the work of reformation is to bo uuderUken here, and that tho slaves of the South are to be liberated, whatever the hazards of an exterminating conflict in that section, like that of bloody St. Bomingo. Unfortunately, Kossuth has fallen into the hands of tho philanthropic Abolitionists of New Vork. To some extent they have betrayed him and his cause, in thrusting their abolition and negro deputations upon him, as if resolved, in defiance of all good feeling and respect for the man or the South, to make him the victim of their blnck designs. Wo find the same officious intcrmcddlers foremost in the management of the proposed Hungarian loan-. And thus it is that we may account for the delay of the Sen ate in passing the resolution of welcome, nnd the distrust which has been awakened among Southern men, in and out of Congress. In conclusion, while wc know that an im pending revolution menaces Europo with a gen eral war between despotism and democracy? while the issues involved arc beyond all human comprehension?it is equally evident that the l'ope and the Church of Koine are in the most imminent dunger. Hence the hostility of Aroh bishop Hughes to Kossuth and his mission. llut at last tho Abolitionists, having impru dently forced the great Magyar under their protection, while l?r. Kinkel is co-operating with Abolitionism in the West, we may well account for the misgivings of the South, when it is declared that alter the liberation of Kurope, the next blow shall be struck for tho emancipa tion of the slaves of our southern States. Thero is method in the madness of Archbishop Hughes, and the consistency of a jealous alaim in the miiids of southern men. And thus it is that betweeu zealots and demagogues tho greatest enterprises aro betrayed.