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WASHINGTON: SATURDAY AFTERNOON, DECEMBER '20, 1851.
PRICE 2 CENTS. AMERICAN TELEGRAPH PVBL18HKO KVKBY iPTBRNOON, (HXOKPT sunday,) On Tth it., wppuilU Q4d-F?Uowi* 11*11, BY T. C. C ON SOIL Y, At Ten Cent* a Week, or TWO CKNT8 A 8INGLB COPY. To subscribers served by the curriers, the paper will be fhrniohed regularly far ten cents per week, payable weekly. JtSf To mall subscribers. $6 a year; $2 60 for hIx month)); $1 26 for three mouth*; 60 oenta a month. No paper mailed unless paid for In advMOt, and discon tinued when the term paid for expire*. CASH TERMS OF ADVERTISING. Half square, (6 line* or lead,) four insertions $1 DO X square, 1 or 3 ins. . $1 00 1 do 1 week 1 76 1 do 2 weeks ... 2 76 1 square, 1 mouth... 4 00 1 do 2 months . . 7 00 1 do 8 months .. 10 00 1 do 6 months.. IB 00 I do 1 year 80 00 TkutLoe Lines (or over six) make a square?longer adver tisements in exact proportion. ?Dvurraaas will please endeavor to send In their lfcvors before 11 o'clock, if possible. THIRTY-SECOND CONGRESS. Term commences March 4, 18ol, and terminates March 4, 1853. Xhe First Session open* ou Monday, December 1,1851. SENATE. " The Sonatc consists of two Senators from each State. Since the admission of California, there are thirty-one States, represented by sixty-two Senators. The Senators who held over from the 4th of last Maroh were forty-one, viz: eighteen Whigs and twenty-throe Democrats. Of the twenty-one new Senators, throe are yet to be elected from the following States: California?.Legislature Democratic. Connecticut?Legislature to be chosen in April, 1852. Tennessee?Legislature Whig. SENATORS HOLDING OVER AND ELECT. Whigs in italic; Democrats in roman?those marked F. S. are Free-soilers or Abolitionists; U., those elected tw Union men; 8. It., those elected as Southern or State Rights men. 'JYrm , Term. ALABAMA. Expire*. MICHIGAN. Expires. Jeremiah Olemens - 1858 Alpheus Fetch - - - 1853 Wm. R. King (6. R.) - 1855 Lewis Oass - - - - 1857 ARKANSAS. MISSOURI. Wm. K. Sebastian - 1853 Darid R Atchison - 1855 Solon Borland - - - 1855 Henry S. Ge.yer - - 1857 CONNECTICUT. NEW HAMPSHIRE. Truman Smith ? ? 1855 John P. Hale (F.S.) ? 1853 : . . . 1857 Moses Norris, jr. - - 1855 CALIFORNIA. NEW YORK. Wm. M. Gwlu - - - 1855 Wm. J/. Seward (F.S.) 1855 . ... 1867 Hamilton Fish - - - 1867 DELAWARE. NEW JERSEY. ]*resUy Sjiruance - - 1865 Jacob W.Miller ? ? 1863 James A. Bayard ? - 1857 Robert K. Stockton - 1857 FLORIDA. NORTH CAROLINA. Jackson Morton - ? 1855 Willi* f, Manaum ? 1863 Stephen R. Mallory - 1857 Geurye & Badger - ? 1855 GEORGIA. OHIO. John McP. Berrien - 1863 Salmon P.Chaae(F.S.) 1855 Win. C. Dawson - - 1865 Benjamin F. Wixde ? 1857 INDIANA. PENNSYLVANIA James Whitcomb - - 1865 Jamt? Cooper - J ' ? 1863 Jesse D. Bright - - 1867 Richard Brodhead,jf. 1857 ILLINOIS. RHODE ISLAND. Stephen A. Douglas - 1863 John H. Clarke - - 1853 James Shields - 1865 Charles T. James - ? 1857 IOWA. SOUTH CAROLINA. George W. Jones - - 185S R. B. Rhett (S.R.) - ? 1853 Augustus 0. Dodge - 1855 A. P. Ituilor (S.R.) - 1856 HWNTUCKY. TENNESSEE. Joseph H. Underwood 1863 John Bell .... 1853 llenry Clay ? - - 1860 James U. Jones ? ? 1867 LOUISIANA. TEXAS. Sol. U. Downs (U.) - 1853 Sam Houston - ? ? 1853 Pierre Soule(S.R.) - 1855 Thomas J. Rufk - - 1857 MAINE. VERMONT. Jas. W. Bradbury ? 1853 William XJpham ? - 1853 llannibal Hamlin - 1867 Solomon F/oU ... 1857 MAS3ACKU3KTT8. . _ VIRGINIA. John Davis - - - - 1853 R.M.T. Hunter (S.R.) 1853 Chas. Sumner (F.S.) . 1857 Jas. M. Mason (S.R.) - 1867 MARYLAND. WISCONSIN. James A. Pearce - - 1855 Isaac P. Walker - - 1855 Thomas G. Pratt - - 1857 Henry Dodge ? ? ? 1857 MISSISSIPPI. Henry S. Foote (D.) - 1863 Jefferson Daris (S.R.) 1857 Messrs. Footo and Davis, of Mississippi, have resigned. Of the members elect, and those holding over, thirty-four are Democrats, twenty-one are Whigs, and four Free-soilers. Of the Free soilers, Hale and Seward were elected by a union of Whigs and Free-soilers; Sumner and Chase were elected by Democrats and Free soilers combined. Dodge, (Democrat,) of Wis consin ; Fish, (Whig,) of New York; Foote, (Whig,) of Vermont; and Wade, (Whig,) of Ohio, are also put down by some as Free-soilers. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The House consists of two hundred and thirty-three members and four Territorial dele gates. These delegates, however, have no vote. Annexed arc the names of the MEMBERS ELECT. ALABAMA. Jfc 1 John Bragg, (8. R) f> Oeorge STllouston 2 James Abercroml/ie <i W. it. W. Cobb 3 Samp. W. Harris, (8. R.) 7 Alex. White 4 William R. Smith ARKANSAS. 1 Robt. W. Johnson, (8. R.) coNXsmnuT. 1 Charles Chapman 8 C. F. Cleveland 2 C. M. Ingcrsoll 4 O. 8. Seymour CAUFOttNIA. 1 Edward C. Marshall 2 J. W. McCorkle DELAWARE. 1 Oeorge R. Riddle FLORIDA. 1 Edward C. <M*ll ORORQIA. 1 J W. Jackson, (8. R.) ? E. W. Chastaln, (V.) 2 James Johnson, (U.) ? Junius Millyer, (U.) 3 David J. Bailey, (8. R.) 7 A. U. Stephens, (D.l 4 Charles Murphy, (0.) 8 Robert Ibombs, (0.) INDIANA. 1 James Lookhart ? Willis A. Gorman 2 Cyrus L. IXutlham 7 John O. Davis 3 John L. Robinson ? Daniel Mace 4 .Samuel W. Parker 0 Graham N. Fitch 6 Thomas A. Hendrioks 10 Samuel Hrentvn ILLINOIS. 1 William H. Bisseil 6 Wm. A. Uichanlion 2 Willis Allen ? Thompson Campbell 3 Orlando B. Fioklin 7 Richard Votes 4 Richard 8. Moloney IOWA. 1 Lincoln L. Clerk 2 Bernhardt Hcnn KENTUCKY. 1 Linn Boyd 0 Addison While. 2 Beiij. E. (hey Humphrey Marshall 3 Presley Ewinp ? John C. Breckinridge 4 William T. Ward 9 J. C. Mnson 5 James W. Stone 10 R. nt Stanton LOUISIANA. 1 Louis St. Martin, (S. R.) 3 Alex. G. Penn, (S. R ) 2 J. Aristxde. Landry 4 Isaac E. Morso (S. R.) MAINE. 1 Moses McDonald 5 Kphralm K. Smart 2 John Appleton ? '*ra*1 "''.'WKrn. jr. 3 /M>ert Goode.now 7 Thomas J. D. tuller 4 Charles Andrews MASSACHUSETTS. 1 William Appleton R George T. Paris 2 Robt. Ran to ul, jr., (F.8.) 7 J?hn X. Goodrich 3 James H. Duncan 8 Horace Mann, (F. 8.) 4 B. Thompson 0 Or in Fmoter 5 Charles Allen, (F. 8.) 10 Xe.no Scudder MARYLAND. 1 Richard T. Bowie 4 Thomas Y. Welsh 2 Wm. T. Hamilton 6 Alexamler Evans 3 Edward Hammond 6 Joseph 8. CoUman MICHIGAN. 1 Kbe.neaer J. Ptnniman 3 Jamej 1. Qmger 2 C. E. Stuart MISSOURI. 1 John F. Darby 4 Willard P. Hall 2 Gilchrist Frtrltr 6 John 8. Phelps S John G. Miller MISSISSIPPI 1 D. B. Nabors, (U.) 3 J. D. Freemen 2 John A. WUook, (U.) 4 A. G. Brown 1 Amos Tuck, (*. B.) 2 Charles H. l'eaide* X John G. Floyd 2 Obaduih Buwne It Kmuiwl II. Hart 4 J. U. tfobart Haw* 6 IkorfUriw* tt Jimut Breaks >< 7 Abraham P. Steveu* H Gilbert Una 0 William Murray 10 Muriut fkhoonwaker 11 Jomah Sutherland, jr. 12 David L. Seymour IS John L. Schoolcraft 14 Joint JbL Boyd 15 Joseph Kiutboll 16 John YMU M1NNMOTA. ? H. H. Sibley, (del.) BKW UAMrtflilKK. 3 Jared Itrkins 4 Harry Hibbard KKW TOMC. 18 Preston King (F. 8.) IV W11 lard l?e# 20 Timothy Jenkina 21 William W. Snow 22 lUnry Bennett 23 Leander JMooek I v, 24 Daniel T. J one* 26 Thomas Y. How, jr. 24 H & Wuibrulye 27 iVMam A. Backett 2ri At). M. Sohrrmerhorn 29 Jedediuh Harford M) Keubeu Kobto ai Frederick S. Martin 32 S. G, Haven 33 Auu. P. Maseatl 34 Loremo Burrows 17 Alexander U. Buol hxw jeasnv. 1 Nathan D. Strattou 4 Otorge II. Brown 2 Charles Skelton 6 Rodmau M. Price A Isaac Wildrlek NORTH CAROLINA. 1 T. L. CUngman, (8. K.) 2 Joseph P. UaldwtU 3 Alfred Dockery 4 James T. Mortheml 6 A. W, Venable, (8. R.) NEW MEXICO ? II. H. Weightman, (del.) OHIO, ' 0 John R. J. Daniel 7 W. 8. Ashe 8 Hdvoartl Stanly 1) David Outlaw 1 David T. Disney 2 L. I). LbmpMl, (F. 8.) 3 Hiram Bell 4 Benjamin Staulon 5 Alfred P. Egorton 0 Frederick W. Green 7 Melton Bttrrere 8 John L. Thy tor 0 Kdsou II. OldB 10 Charles Sweetoer U Uoorgc II. Bufiby 12 John Welsh 13 James M. Gaylord 14 Alexander Harper 16 William W. Hunter 10 John Johuaou 17 Joseph Cable 18 David K. Cartter 10 Kben New ton, (F. S.) 20 J. K. Qiddings, (V. 8.) 21 N. 8. Townshontl OREGON. * Joseph Ltvue, (del.) PENNSYLVANIA. 1 Thomaa 11. Florence 13 James Gumblo 2 Joseph H. Chandler 3 Henry 1). Moore 4 John Kobblns, jr. 6 John McNalr 0 Thomas Boss 7 John A. Morrison 8 Thoddens Stevens 0 J. Glaney Jones 10 Milo M- Dimmick 11 Henry M. Fuller 12 iJaluohu A. Urow (F. 8i) 14 T. M. Bibighau* 16 William 11. Kurts 10 J. X. MeLanahan 17 Andrew Parker 18 John L. Dawson 10 Joseph II- Kuhns 20 John Allison 21 Thomas M. Howe 22 John W. Ilowe. (F. 8.) 23 Carleton II. Curtis 24 Alfred Gillmorc 1 George G. King llliODi 18 (.A Mil. 2 Benjamin U. Thurston SOUTH CAROLINA. 1 Daniel Wallace, (8. R.) 6 Armistoad Burt, (8. R.) 2 Jamee L. Orr, (8. R.) 6 William Aikon, (8. R.) 3 J. A. Woodward, (8. R.) 7 Wm. F. Colcock, (8. R.) 4 John McQueen, (8. It.) TKN.N ESSEX. 1 Andrew Johnson 7 Meredith P. Gentry 2 AlbertG. Walkins 8 William Cullom 3 G. W. Churchwell 0 Ish&m G. Harris ?4 John II. Savage 10 Fred. P. Stanton 6 Georgu Wi J ones 11 Christopher U. Williams 6 Wm. U. Polk TXXAS. 1 Richardson Scurry, (U.) 2 Volncy E. Howard, (D.) UTAH. * John M. Bernhisel, (U.) VIRGINIA. 1 John 8. Millson, (8. R.) 9 James F. Strother 2 R. Kidder Meade, "" * !t Thos. II. Avorett, > vo. ??/ e, (8. H.) :t, (8. R.) 4 Thos. 8. Bo<'ock, (8. R.) 6 Paulus Powell, (8. R.) 0 John S. Caskio, (8. R.) 10 Charles J. fUulkner 11 John Letcher, (IM 12 II. Edmondson, (U.) 13 F. B. McMullen, (U.) 14 J. M. II. Beale, (U.) 15 Geo. W.Thompnon, (U.) 7 Thomas II. Bayly, (U.) 8 A. R. Holladay, (8. R.) VtSLMONT. 1 A hi man L. Miner 3 Jama Meacham 2 William llebard 4 Th. Bartlett, jr., (F. 8.) WI800N81N. 1 Charles Durkee, (F. 8.) 3 James D. Doty, (F. 8.) 2 Benj. C. Eastman ?Delegates from the Territories. RECAPITULATION BY FIGURES. ,?1850-'il.?. / 1848 Whig. Dem. Whig. Bern. Alabama ..--2 6 2 6 Arkansas Connecticut Delaware ? Florida Indiana Qlinois * ?, Iowa - Kentucky ? Louisiana ? Maine Massachusetts ? Maryland - California - Ocorgia Michigan - Missouri Mississippi - Now Hampshire New York ? New Jersey North Carolina - Ohio - Pennsylvania Rhode Island 8outh Carolina ? Tennessee - Texas Vermont Virginia Wisconsin ? Total thus for 1 2 1 5 1 2 9 4 2 2 3 2 17 1 0 V 8 . 1 8 6 2 6 3 5 1 2 2 0 1 2 4 2 17 4 a 12 10 1 7 7 2 1 13 3 143 2 32 4 6 10 15 2 y 6 1 4 8 5 3 2 6 2 6 4 2 2 1 3 11 0 7 7 2 1 13 2 115 118 117 143 22 13 Whig Slates?7 Florida, Missouri, Massachusetts, Michigan, Maryland, North Carolina, V ermont. Divided?1. Kentucky, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island. Democratic majority thus far - Democratic majority In 1849 Democratic gain A majority of the House is Democrats elected ....... Southern rights men (21 Democrats and 1 Whig) ? Free-sollers .... .... THR PRESIDENTIAL A8PKCT OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. With regard to tho vote by States, which only occurs in case the Presidential election is re ferred to the House of Representatives, tho fol lowing is the result thus fur: ' Democratic States?20. Arkansas, (Secession.) I Alabama, (Union.) California, do J Connecticut, do ' Delaware, do ( Georgia, do Illinois, do Indiana, do | Iowa, do Ixniisiana, do | .Value, do Mississippi, do New Jersey, do Ohio, do Pennsylvania do South Carolina, (Secession.) Texas, (Union.) ! Tennessee, do Virginia, do VViacontln, do 8TIMS0N Sl CO.'S Ntio York, New Orleans, and Mobile Kxprett, (CONNECTING with th? swiftest and most responsible \l expresses between the principal towns in Maine, Naw Ilampahiro, Vermont, MasaaohuaetU, Rhoda Island, Con- . noctlout, Lowar Cnna<la, New York Stat* Delaware, Penn sylvania, Maryland, District of Columbia, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Uie Western States generally, the Misslaalppl and Alabama river town*, and the prominent placcs In Oeor gla and the Carolina*. Our facilities are no extensive and perfect that we can secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight, 1 trunks, packages, and valuable parcels, from one end of the country to the other, and between the most remote points. From our many years* experience in the express busi- j nexa, while connected with Meesrs. Adams k Co., and our numerous advantages In other respects, (not the least of which Is the confidence and patronage of the New York community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to give the most entire satinflwtlon to our friend*, the jewel ler*, banker*, and merchant* generally. 1 We beg leave to dall attention to our California KxpresA from New Orlean*, and our Kxpress between Naw Orleans and Mobile. i Offices: St. Charles Hotel Building, New Orleans, and 1# Wall street, New York. mar 24?if ' G. H. VAN PATTEN, M. D., Surgeon Dentlat, QflU* mar itrowu's Uoitl, J\atns^hiama *ve _ . Obargae New York and Pbilmlelphia prices, ami ipufUl tios bio won to be equal to any dona iu those oitfaw. ~ ., JOSEPH W IMS ATT, '7; 7~~ DXAULK in GROCERIES, WINES, TEAS, & LIQUORS, Our. at' Jhsnn*y>ivania Avtnue. and Thirteenth street, may SO wasiiinuton Qrn, D. 0. d A y '" SCHOOL BOOKS ANDSIAVIojpil 4 T THIC UIBLE DEPOSITORY, corner of E nn<l 10th i\. streets. |nop 1?tfj JAMES NOURSK. w at NOI J. McNEALE LATHAM, Attorney ?t Will practise In the HeVoral court* of the District oJ Columbia. Office on 4% street, near First Presbyterian Church. Jy 16?tf ? - 'J M 1 JNO. B. KlliBEY & CO., Dealers in > ; FINE GROCERIES, WINES, AND LIQUORS. No. 5, opposite Centre Market, ip 10 Wabhimotqn Cett.D. 0. d A y GEORGE E. KlltK, Houte and Sign Painter, and Glazier, South side Louisiana avenue, between 0th ?nd:tli street*, i (Dwelling South F street, between 7tb and 8th street*, I Island,) is prepared to execute to, order all descriptions ol I work in his line. ^ ^ ? - " J. A. KIRKPATRICK, MAKltliK AND FREE-STONE CUTTER, i Sstreet, between l'ith and Uth,,Washington City, D. <7. Mmm ARBLE MANTLES, Monuments, Tombs, Head and Foot Stoned, to., constantly on hand, of the bent I quality and workmanship. All kinds of Stone, for Uulld I inir, Ac- All kinds of work In bis line faithfully executed ' at the shortest notice. . ^ ' ? ap 10?U I ' PRINTERS' JOINER. M. 1N0MAN", Cabinet-maker, Carpenter, and Prin ters' Furniture-make", ciin be found by inquiring IOELL A BOYD'S Venetian Blind Manufactory, Penn sylvania avenue, between Oth and 10th gtrecU, w?"' JAMES W. SUE All AN, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, PRACTISES in the Courts of the District, and prose cutes claims of every description before the several Executive Departments and before Congress. Office and residenco 21st street, two doors north of K ; *P U~tf Old Wines, Liquors, Segars, Fresh Foreign Fruits, Comestibles, etc., FOB BALE BY JAMES T. LLOYD, Pennsylvania avenue, 3 doors east of iSfUtnlh ilreel. may 17?ly J THE CHRISTIAN STATESMAN. A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER. Devoted to African Colonization and Civilization, to Literature and General Intelligence. nUIE undersigned propose to publish, in the City of I Washington, a weekly newspaper, bearing the above title, and dedicated to a sound morality in Politics, to the Union of tho States, to the cause of African Colonization and Civilization, and to all topics Of a high and general interest to their country and mankind, "lbey will en deavor to Impress upon the People and Government ol the United Sutes and of the several States the importance of colonizing in Africa, with their own consent, the free people of color of tliis country, and such as may become free. They will communicate U> the public all important information they may obtain in regard to the Geography, Exploration, Resources, Commerce and Population of Af rica: the state of the Slave Trade, and the measures best adapted lor Its suppression; and will enforce the duty ol union among all Christian denominations in efforts to dif fuse the knowledge of our Arts, Liberty, and Christianity, among the barbarous people of that Continent. They will aim to render the journal an instructive and useful Family Newspaper, and to secure for its columns, as the public favor snail enable them, contributions, Ute rary and scientific, of decided merit. Xiii Christian Statssziak will bo of the size of the Home Journal or National Era, and exceed in sizo the InUUigenter or the Union of this city; and, with but few advertisements, will l>e nearly filled with matter designed to lie of interest to Its readier*. It will be printed with new type, on fine white paper, and, in mechanical execution, be equal to tho best news papers in the country. .... . , I, Terms. The Christian Statesman will be two dollars a vear, payable in advance. Postmasters or others, who may be pleased to act as voluntary agents, will l*s responsible to those who may nay over to them subscriptions; and to the order of such aeents, or to any who may make remittances for the Christian Statesman, It will be supplied on the following ^""single copy for one year - - ? $2 00 Single copy for six months ... i w Three copies for one year ? ? * 6' Six copies for one year - ? - ? Twenty copies for one year - ? ? 80 ou Twenty oopies for six months ? - loot) M The first number of this paper may be expected to ap pear early in August, and it Is desired that those who are disposed to further its great objects, by their patronage, should indicate their wishes before that time. Orders and communications, addressed (poet paid) to Uurley A Good loe, will receive immediate attention. ^ r QuaLEY _ D. K. GOODLOE. CoLOsmnos Rooms, Washington, June 11,1851. At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Amerl ,*n Colonization Society, held on the 10th Instant, the Secretary laid before the Committee the 1 rospeetus of a newspaper, to be called the OhristianStatesman, and to lie devoted " to sound morality in Politics, to the b nlon ot the State*, to the cause of African Colonization and Civili zation, and to all topics of a high and general interest to their country"?to be published in this city, by the Rev. U. It. Our ley and D. R. Goodioe; after the reading ^ which, it was H'sohxd, That we cordially and earnestly rea>mmcnd the Christian Hatetmmn to the patronage or the mends oil African Colonization throughout the United States. June 1ft? W. MeLAIN. See- Am. Col. floe. BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE, AND tnr BRITlSn QUARTERLY REVIEWS. OWING to the late revolutions and counter-revolutions among the nations of Europe, which have followe-J each bther in such quick succession, and of which the fad is not net," the leading periodical^ of GreatBritaln have become invented with a degree of interest hltlwrto unknown. Thev occupy a middle ground ^tween the hasty , disjointed, and n.rcessarily Imperfect records of the newspapers, and the elaborate and ponderous treaties to be furnished by tho historian at a future day. Yl hoever reads these |>eriodlcals obtains a correct and connected nc couut of all the important political events of the Old World, as they occur, and Icarus the various conclusion* drawn from them by the leading spirits of the age. The American publishers there.Cure deem it proper to coll re newed nttoutlou to the works they publish, and the very low prices at which they are offered to Bubeerlber*. rhe following In their ll?t, viz : Tnt Ix)!*D0!? Qva*ttrit Riviiw, Thk EidSBtmoH RBVtrw, Thc North British Rr.vii:w, Tim W**TMift*Tis* llzrisw. and Blackwood'* Kwkwmh Mmuuii. In tliHNe periodicals are tfontalned the Views, moderately though clearly and firmly of the three j>artles In England-Tory, W fife. "<"? ? ?B^' wood" and the " London t|narterly ?re Tory, the hdlBj borgh Kevlew" Whig, and the "Westminster Heview Liberal. The ? North BriUzh Itevlcw" owes Its estalJlsh ment to tho last great Hceloslastlcal movement in .Scotland, and Is not ultra In Its views on any oue of the grand de partments of human knowlodge. It was originally edited by l>r..Chalmers, and now, since Ills death, is condncted by his son-in-law. Dr. llanna, associated with Sir Davld llrewster. IU literary character is of the very order. The "Westminster." though rrprmtttl under that title only, Is puhlished in England under the title or the " Foreign Quarterly and Westminster,' It being in Diet a union of the two Reviews formerly published and reprinted under separate titles. It has, theref. .re, the advantage, by this eombinatlon. of uniting in one work tho b?-st feature* lTheVbove'lV?rio'llc?l* wre reprinted In New York, imme dlstelyon thefr orrtv-l by the British steamers, tlf.,1 clear tvpe, on fifte white paper, and sre f:.ithftil co pie* of the uriKlnals?Blackwood's Magazine being an ex act fan simile of the Edinburgh edition. TIRMfl! ior any one of the four Reviews, $3 00 per annum. Kor any two, <Jo J M (< For any throe, do i 00 Vor all four of the Reviews, 8 00 For Blackwood's Magazine, For Blackwood and three Reviews, 9 00 For Blackwood and four Reviews, 10 00 nivmenU to bf made in all cam in hdhrnce. tVRemittances and communications should be always tTR, 79 Fulton street. New York, mar 24? Bntrancejj_Gold_?t^ AMERICAN TELEGRAPH; W ASHINGTON t SATUHi)AY AFTERNOON, DECEMBER 20. Mr. W obtler, Wild C*?, and our Mexi can Kelalloua. During the past summer, the, Secretary of1 State, neglecting his official duties at Washing- . ton, hus been electioneering through the coun try, claiming to have " saved the Union, when he is himself more responsible than any other one man for having, fanned the flame of that agitation which has created nil the danger to the Uniou. We refer to the agitation 6f the Wilmot Proviso, which recently shook this Government to its foundation. We refer to his course and speeches on tho Missouri question, aud to tho publio..meeting called together by him and others at tho State-house in Boston, bo fav back as the 3d Deoember, 1819, for the purpose of petitioning Congress to insert in any law for the admission of new States into the Union a prohibition of slavery. The record of the proceedings of that meeting says: ?' After the report had been read,; Alden Bradford, esq., rose and expressed his doubts of the constitutional right of Congress to prohibit slavery, although he hud as great, an abhor rence of slavery as auy other man. He was replied -to by tho Hon. Dunicl Webster, who demonstrated very clearly the constitutional right of Congress to enact the prohibition, and the strong expediency of exercising that right." Nor is this all! Mr. Webster was appointed chairman of a committee of live, whose special duty it was to promote that agitation. Nor is this all! The report of the' committee intro ducing the resolutions, of which Mr. Webster was tho ablest, most distinguished, and conr trolling member, proclaimed without disguise the EXTIRPATION oi" slavery, in the following words: " The KXTTTtrATio* of slavery has never ceased to be regarded as a measure deeply concerning the honor and safety of the United Stutes." We repeat, theu, that no other one man bears so largo a share of responsibility for that agita tion, which has tonded to loosen tho bonds of this Union, and to arouse feelings of alienation, if not of enmity, between its different sections. For of all those, bo have selfishly sought their own aggrandizement by such means, not one possessed his great talents and dangerous capa city for mischiof: " He, above the Teat ? ? * ? proudly eminent, Stood like a tower." Vet he has been wandcriug through the coun try, claiming to himself the credit ol having "saved the Uniou," and making speeches for the Compromise, to catch votes, and get him self nominated for the Presidency. And while i I thus engaged, he has permitted that active and formidable chief, Wild Cat, to establish himself on the Texas frontier, and to open there a ren dezvous aud point d'appui for hostile Badges and runaway negroes. , Now, here ia something for the jocular Mr. Uayly, of Virginia. If he has been deceived in hia expectation of being made Speaker by Mr. Webster's influence, let him look to this, and not annoy his late friend, the Secretary of State, with questions about Mr. Thrasher, whose matters have been previously attended to by a more reliable man than himself. But, lest Congress should pay no attention to a man who can deliberately utter, in his official char acter of Chairman of the most important com mittee of the House, the most dishonorable cal umnies, and unblushingly retract them, with tho miserable excuse that he "spoke jocularly, we hope that some other man, better entitled to tho confidence of the country, will take mea sures to break up this nest of dangers. Tub Rev. Mr. Gallahkb, or Missoubi.? We learn with peculiur pleasure that this able, zealous, and distinguished preacher has ac cepted an invitation from tho First Presbyte rian church, U street, in this city, to supply the pulpit of that church, and that his services in that position will commence to-morrow morning. Mr. Gallaher is one of the most efficient and instructive expositors of the writ ten Word to whom we have ever listened. fur of John I. Thrasher. The public mind seems as if it could scarcely credit the fact that a respectable und innocent man, Claiming t? bo a citir.en of this great re public, should be seized, almost in sight of our shores, by the petty tools of the petticoat des potism of old Spuin, hurried through a sham trial, sentenced to an ignomiuiotis punishment, and shipped as * convict to the mines or gal leys without au actor a word from tho govern ment to present the outrage. We wonder that the country is not roused up from the Aroos took to the Bio Grande, as the disgraceful fact comes in all its hideousness before its gate. If such outrages us this can be perpetrated by the authorities of the little dependanry of Cuba, who will be safe under the stars aud stripes? Who will dare to leave his native shores in pur suit of pleasure, health, or busiuebs, if there is no shield thrown around him by the urm of hi.) own government ? We look upon this act as one which should call forth the indignant de nunciations of every lover of freedom und inde pendence, and cause a demand upon the gov ernment of Spain for his instant release and the most ample atonement. Doubtless the cold indifference manilested by our government to the butchery of the gallant Crittenden and ni? party has emboldened this miserable despotism to the commission of this second outrage. [Hull. Argus. The Cuban Proclamation, out of deference to | the petticoat despotism of Spaiu and submih- j sion to the joint intervention of Englaud and j France, defamed the gallant Crittenden aud his i party as criminals banded together for purpotet j of robbery and plunder, and therefore beyond tho pale of the laws of humanity. So Mr. Webster, in his letter to Mr. Barriu gor, labors to ostracise Mr. Thrasher, as fol lows: "If the Official account of 'the Spanish au thorities be correct, Mr. Thrasher appears to i lave expatriated himself, and to Lave become, at eaut for the time, a subject of the Crown of Spain. He had chosen a new government and a new home : and so long as he chose to remain uuder the authority and protection of that gov- j et nnieut, he would seem to have little right to ?*t up against it any immunity founded on his original and native character of a citizen of the United States. There is no doubt that any one, who chooses to reside in a country, is bottrd to conform to its laws, and is amenable to its tribunals for their violation; the more especially if he has promised subjection and obedience to those laws, and taken an oath of allegiance to the sovereign power. Mr. Thrash er ? friends insist that on his trial he was de prived of certain privileges secured to citizens ot the United States by the seventh article of our treaty with Spain of 1795. But it may bo doubted whether, after having sworn allegiance to the Spanish government, he can longer claim the privileges and immunities of an American citizen." Hero is another instance of Mr. Webster's special pleading to Bustain tyranny and con tempt of treaties. There can be no doubt that, il any oath of ullegiance to Spain was ever taken by Mr. Thrasher, it was that restricted and compulsory oath, which all Americans resi ding in Cuba are required to take. That oath, whenever taken, is taken subject to the. treaty, and cannot deprive American citizens of the privileges and immunities secured to them by the treaty. Otherwise, Spain, in exacting that oath, commits a gross violation of the treaty. Well may it be asked, " Who id safe under the stars aud stripes ?" \ et with all this?and the affair of the Pro metheus staring us in the face?heedless of the disgrace and degradation of the American flag, truckling alike to the arrogance of England and the outrages perpetrated by the authorities of the little dependency of Cuba, Mr. Webster is presented by Mr. Choate, of Boston, and the London Morning Chronicle, to the American people as a candidate for the Presidency, and as "the person best fitted to take charge of our foreign relations." Mr. Thraaher to the American CoiikuI. Punt a Prison, Havana, Nov. 16, 1851. Allen F. Owen, esq., U. 8. Consul, Havana: Dear Sih:?In a state of complete uncer tainty as to the course my trial is taking, since the presentation to the Council of War of my solemn protest against judgment being entered, without allowing me every fair and legal means of defence, .(which I herein do most solemnly aver has not been allowed me, my nominal de fender, or advocate, never having in any mau ner consulted with me as to the best line of de fence to adopt, nor even asked what oounter testimony I could bring forward, nor ever hav ing consulted with my legal counsel as to points ot law,) I find myself,under the necessity, to secure justice, to request you to bring forward my rights as nu American citizen, and to press with all due firmuess upon the Government my complete non-amenability to the charge of trea son, which they bring forward against me; the incongruity of tryiug me by a court-martial in a time of profound peace, and the injustice of refusing to afford me a fair and free defence. Besjj^the evident and well-known Btate of the lawin regard to white colonization in this Island, by which domiciliatory letters are grant- ! ed to foreigners, without affecting in any de gree their allegiance to, and right of protection from, their own governments, and which do miciliatory letters are essentially different in their nature from letters of naturalization, there exists in my own case a peculiar and significant fact, to w hich I beg leave to draw your atten tion, that you may bring it immediately before the government of this Island, and our own if necessary. About the middle of August of last year, (1850,) I rented, as a matter of speculation, the paper entitled ?? Faro Industrial de la Ha- j bana." I presented to the censorship an editor, other than myself, and who was a Spanish sub ject, and undertook myself only the printing and publication of the paper. For reasons best known to the government, an order was issued by the Captain-General, (which I would present here, but I was refused n oopy thereof by the officer who made it known to me,) by which order I was prohibited to publish any paper in ' the Island, unless I first took out letters of naturalization. Within the prescribed term, I replied to the order in a memorial, which 1 pre sented to the Captain-General, declining to take out letters of naturalization, aud ktatiug that I ceased to publish the paper, which from that time passed out of my hands. In this proceeding you will perceive there is j a decided recognition, on the part of the gov- j ernment, of my entire want of allegiance to her Catholic Majesty, and of the complete validity of my rights as an .American citizen, notwith standing I possessed at that time the same dom- | iciliary letters under which they now pretend to a right to accusc, try, aud sentence me as a j Spanish subject; and 1 have not since then, by any set, or by the operation of any known law, lost my rights of nationality and allegiance to the United States of America. . I state these facts from memory merely, bo.- j ing in durance, ami without facile access to my papers; and I am not certain but that the terms of the order to which I have referred may not, in their wording, present the facts in a stronger light even than what 1 have placed them. I call upon you, therefore, as Consul of the United States, and representative here of our common country and government, to bring these facts forcibly and urgently t,. the knowledge of the government of Cuba; to protest firmly and energetically against the infringement of the rights of an American citizen in my person, and the denial of justice to mv; aud to ask from the t aptffin-Gencral that there be accorded to me a proper and sufficient time to make my de fence ; that 1 bo lurnislied with toll copies of all tho proceedings and evidence in my case, to which 1 am entitled by law and by treaty, and that I bo freely furnished with copies of all documents that 1 may deem necessary to my perfect exculpation from the charges brought against ine. 1 must also request you to urge upon this government the incompatibility of considering me at one moment an American citizen, and at another r Spanish subject; the impossibility of my holding allegiance to two powers at the satno moment; and that the government here, having viewed ine in the light of a foreigner, and ns not holding the allegianco of a Spanish subject, allow me to prosecutu my exculpation , and defence against the charges now lying against me, with a full recognition of my rights as an Atnericnn citizen. 1-rom the information I can gather of the proceedings of the court iu my case, I huve reaeon to feur u hasty and unjust decision against me; I would, therefoie, respectfully urge upon you immediate and energetic action m my behalf. I have the honor to be your obedient servant, J. S. TiJHASJltll. Letter from Mr*. Thr*?ber. Havana, Nov. 28, 1861. To Ilia Excellency Millar J Fillmore, President of the United Statet. IIoNoHun Siu: The undersigned, mother of ilr. John 8. Thrasher, begs leavo to call your attention to the following facts respecting her son. I would, in the first place, state that he was born in Portland, Maine, the native pl.ee of his parents, and is therefore an American cituen. On the l'dth of October, while in the usual pursuit of his business, he was arrested aud detained by the police, his property und papers seized, and on the 21st of said month no was placed in solitary confinement in the ^JpnWn, and on tlio 24th in a dungeon at the 1 unta Castle; and during all this time, un til the < th instant, 1 was not permitted to see him. On the 7th he was allowed to see his friends two hours in each day, when, to my sur prise. he was notable to inform me of the cause of his arrest and imprisonment. On the 11 th ho was informed that on the following day he would be 1 irough t up lor sentence. Ou the I2.tb a court mnitial assembled, consisting of seven military officers one of them being the president, before whom tlio fiscal (prosecuting att'y) read the sev eral charges against him, and without evidence. He not being present, but under a guard of sol diers in another part of the building, did not hear tho charges, or know their substance. After tho reading, he was brought before the court and asked by tho President what he had to say for himself in defence. To which he re plied that he had been denied a copy of the charges, and had not been allowed counsel in his defence; that he had asked time to enable him to bring evidence to prove his innocence of all crimes or charges against him. But all in vain; and, alter various questions were asked in an insulting manner, ho was again sent to his dungeon, where, on the twenty first, the fiscal, accompanied only by his clerk, appeared before the grating and rend to him the sentence, approved by the Auditor of War, becausc " the criminal had done noth ing to disprove the accusations against him," and signed by the Captain-General without remark. The sentence is "eight years' hard labor at Ceuta, in Africa, with payment of costs," for the " crime of treason," (" del it o de injideneia.") He was then sent to the Moro Castle, and two days after, when I called on the Captain-General to ask that he might not be sent away while the illness of his father pre vented his seeing him, I was abruptly told that he would sail in thirty six hours' time for Spain, and he has sailed this day for Cadiz in tho ship llispano Cubauo, there to have his sentence put into execution. Tho undersigned most earnestly supplicates your Excellency, as the head of the government of my nation, to hearken to the entreaties of a mother, that jus tice may be done, / ark not for merer/; but that the rights o! my son, an American citizen, may be promptly attended to, und that such instruc tions be sent to our .Minister in Spain and Con sul at Cadiz as to procure his immediate release and his return to his country. My ninny years' residence here gives me a knowledge of Spanish character, and the indecent haste to send my son n way belore the arrival of steamers from the U. States adds to my lears of the consequences of even a few hours' delay ; it having frequently occurred that, on a pardon or release being granted, it was pretended that the prisoner had died, or could not be found, and he was left to liuger his life in a dungeon. 1 also beg that a copy ol all the proceedings, which were denied to my son. may be demanded; and should it prove he hjs been most unjustly dealt with, (as 1 firmly believe he has,) that there may he also demanded pecuniary satisfaction for the loss of his property end his business from thii govern ment, which, agaiubt treaty stipulations, has committed this grosa outrage upon him, an American citizeu. 1 humbly nuk your kind attention to this np | peal, which 1 cannot make in person in conse quence of the illncsM of my husband. Having the fullest confidence that it mill not be made iu vain, 1 subscribe myself your Excellency's humble servant, Fakni P. Thuashir. I l.ema. The Computing Telegraph i? a wonderful affair, and Mr. Fuller is surprising the great men in this city with its working*. In reeponse to some questions yesterday, he stated in less time than the questions could he prepared or the answers recorded, that the Rotunda of the t npitol, being OU feet In diameter, would con tain 2,880 persons, and allow each 2J- square feet, or 18 by 18 inches. The Crystal Ptlaee, he said, lajing 1,861 feet long, and 100 wide, with an additional acre to the transept or cen tre, measures 18 acres, nud would contain at the same rate 317,'(00 persons upon the ground. The population of the glotte, being estimated at JX'0,000,000, could stand upon forty square miles, or an area of six and 33-100 miles square. Ex-Gov. MoitkHKAO, of Kentucky, it is said, will bo Mr. Clay's successor in tho United States Senate, should the lutter resign his seat. Miss Kimbkrlv, tLc American actress, hna been playing to crowded house# in Baltimore. Miss Iv. pleosed us well with her Shakspearo readings a Couple of years since. Eftkcts or Coi,u Wkathkr.?The I>eiaware and Schuylkill rivers are said to be tight near Philadelphia. Where i*. General George Sav age ? Aran* Ghat, opposite Odd-Fellows' Hall, 7th street, is refurnishing his book and station ery store with every thing desirable in bis line, whether for utility or ornament, including vs. rieties of fancy articles especially adapt*! to the present season?though we design no pun ning upon the subject of presents. Husbands, fathers, lovers, friends, and all who would give acceptable gifts, thould in the first instance give Mr. Gray a call. ^ oung persons?even the little one in thecraule?will rejoice greatly in many artic<ee of Mr. Gray's selecting. " Struck by lightning," is the cant term used by thieves, &c., when arrested through inlor* matiou conveycd by telegraph.