WASHINGTON: SATURDAY AFTERNOON, DECEMBER '20, 1851.
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Term commences March 4, 18ol, and terminates
March 4, 1853.
Xhe First Session open* ou Monday, December 1,1851.
The Sonatc consists of two Senators from each
State. Since the admission of California, there
are thirty-one States, represented by sixty-two
Senators. The Senators who held over from
the 4th of last Maroh were forty-one, viz:
eighteen Whigs and twenty-throe Democrats.
Of the twenty-one new Senators, throe are yet
to be elected from the following States:
Connecticut?Legislature to be chosen in
SENATORS HOLDING OVER AND ELECT.
Whigs in italic; Democrats in roman?those marked F. S.
are Free-soilers or Abolitionists; U., those elected tw
Union men; 8. It., those elected as Southern or State
'JYrm , Term.
ALABAMA. Expire*. MICHIGAN. Expires.
Jeremiah Olemens - 1858 Alpheus Fetch - - - 1853
Wm. R. King (6. R.) - 1855 Lewis Oass - - - - 1857
Wm. K. Sebastian - 1853 Darid R Atchison - 1855
Solon Borland - - - 1855 Henry S. Ge.yer - - 1857
CONNECTICUT. NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Truman Smith ? ? 1855 John P. Hale (F.S.) ? 1853
: . . . 1857 Moses Norris, jr. - - 1855
CALIFORNIA. NEW YORK.
Wm. M. Gwlu - - - 1855 Wm. J/. Seward (F.S.) 1855
. ... 1867 Hamilton Fish - - - 1867
DELAWARE. NEW JERSEY.
]*resUy Sjiruance - - 1865 Jacob W.Miller ? ? 1863
James A. Bayard ? - 1857 Robert K. Stockton - 1857
FLORIDA. NORTH CAROLINA.
Jackson Morton - ? 1855 Willi* f, Manaum ? 1863
Stephen R. Mallory - 1857 Geurye & Badger - ? 1855
John McP. Berrien - 1863 Salmon P.Chaae(F.S.) 1855
Win. C. Dawson - - 1865 Benjamin F. Wixde ? 1857
James Whitcomb - - 1865 Jamt? Cooper - J ' ? 1863
Jesse D. Bright - - 1867 Richard Brodhead,jf. 1857
ILLINOIS. RHODE ISLAND.
Stephen A. Douglas - 1863 John H. Clarke - - 1853
James Shields - 1865 Charles T. James - ? 1857
IOWA. SOUTH CAROLINA.
George W. Jones - - 185S R. B. Rhett (S.R.) - ? 1853
Augustus 0. Dodge - 1855 A. P. Ituilor (S.R.) - 1856
Joseph H. Underwood 1863 John Bell .... 1853
llenry Clay ? - - 1860 James U. Jones ? ? 1867
Sol. U. Downs (U.) - 1853 Sam Houston - ? ? 1853
Pierre Soule(S.R.) - 1855 Thomas J. Rufk - - 1857
Jas. W. Bradbury ? 1853 William XJpham ? - 1853
llannibal Hamlin - 1867 Solomon F/oU ... 1857
MAS3ACKU3KTT8. . _ VIRGINIA.
John Davis - - - - 1853 R.M.T. Hunter (S.R.) 1853
Chas. Sumner (F.S.) . 1857 Jas. M. Mason (S.R.) - 1867
James A. Pearce - - 1855 Isaac P. Walker - - 1855
Thomas G. Pratt - - 1857 Henry Dodge ? ? ? 1857
Henry S. Foote (D.) - 1863 Jefferson Daris (S.R.) 1857
Messrs. Footo and Davis, of Mississippi, have resigned.
Of the members elect, and those holding over,
thirty-four are Democrats, twenty-one are
Whigs, and four Free-soilers. Of the Free
soilers, Hale and Seward were elected by a
union of Whigs and Free-soilers; Sumner and
Chase were elected by Democrats and Free
soilers combined. Dodge, (Democrat,) of Wis
consin ; Fish, (Whig,) of New York; Foote,
(Whig,) of Vermont; and Wade, (Whig,) of
Ohio, are also put down by some as Free-soilers.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The House consists of two hundred and
thirty-three members and four Territorial dele
gates. These delegates, however, have no vote.
Annexed arc the names of the
1 John Bragg, (8. R) f> Oeorge STllouston
2 James Abercroml/ie <i W. it. W. Cobb
3 Samp. W. Harris, (8. R.) 7 Alex. White
4 William R. Smith
1 Robt. W. Johnson, (8. R.)
1 Charles Chapman 8 C. F. Cleveland
2 C. M. Ingcrsoll 4 O. 8. Seymour
1 Edward C. Marshall 2 J. W. McCorkle
1 Oeorge R. Riddle
1 Edward C. <M*ll
1 J W. Jackson, (8. R.) ? E. W. Chastaln, (V.)
2 James Johnson, (U.) ? Junius Millyer, (U.)
3 David J. Bailey, (8. R.) 7 A. U. Stephens, (D.l
4 Charles Murphy, (0.) 8 Robert Ibombs, (0.)
1 James Lookhart ? Willis A. Gorman
2 Cyrus L. IXutlham 7 John O. Davis
3 John L. Robinson ? Daniel Mace
4 .Samuel W. Parker 0 Graham N. Fitch
6 Thomas A. Hendrioks 10 Samuel Hrentvn
1 William H. Bisseil 6 Wm. A. Uichanlion
2 Willis Allen ? Thompson Campbell
3 Orlando B. Fioklin 7 Richard Votes
4 Richard 8. Moloney
1 Lincoln L. Clerk 2 Bernhardt Hcnn
1 Linn Boyd 0 Addison While.
2 Beiij. E. (hey Humphrey Marshall
3 Presley Ewinp ? John C. Breckinridge
4 William T. Ward 9 J. C. Mnson
5 James W. Stone 10 R. nt Stanton
1 Louis St. Martin, (S. R.) 3 Alex. G. Penn, (S. R )
2 J. Aristxde. Landry 4 Isaac E. Morso (S. R.)
1 Moses McDonald 5 Kphralm K. Smart
2 John Appleton ? '*ra*1 "''.'WKrn. jr.
3 /M>ert Goode.now 7 Thomas J. D. tuller
4 Charles Andrews
1 William Appleton R George T. Paris
2 Robt. Ran to ul, jr., (F.8.) 7 J?hn X. Goodrich
3 James H. Duncan 8 Horace Mann, (F. 8.)
4 B. Thompson 0 Or in Fmoter
5 Charles Allen, (F. 8.) 10 Xe.no Scudder
1 Richard T. Bowie 4 Thomas Y. Welsh
2 Wm. T. Hamilton 6 Alexamler Evans
3 Edward Hammond 6 Joseph 8. CoUman
1 Kbe.neaer J. Ptnniman 3 Jamej 1. Qmger
2 C. E. Stuart
1 John F. Darby 4 Willard P. Hall
2 Gilchrist Frtrltr 6 John 8. Phelps
S John G. Miller
1 D. B. Nabors, (U.) 3 J. D. Freemen
2 John A. WUook, (U.) 4 A. G. Brown
1 Amos Tuck, (*. B.)
2 Charles H. l'eaide*
X John G. Floyd
2 Obaduih Buwne
It Kmuiwl II. Hart
4 J. U. tfobart Haw*
tt Jimut Breaks ><
7 Abraham P. Steveu*
H Gilbert Una
0 William Murray
10 Muriut fkhoonwaker
11 Jomah Sutherland, jr.
12 David L. Seymour
IS John L. Schoolcraft
14 Joint JbL Boyd
15 Joseph Kiutboll
16 John YMU
? H. H. Sibley, (del.)
3 Jared Itrkins
4 Harry Hibbard
18 Preston King (F. 8.)
IV W11 lard l?e#
20 Timothy Jenkina
21 William W. Snow
22 lUnry Bennett
23 Leander JMooek
I v, 24 Daniel T. J one*
26 Thomas Y. How, jr.
24 H & Wuibrulye
27 iVMam A. Backett
2ri At). M. Sohrrmerhorn
29 Jedediuh Harford
M) Keubeu Kobto
ai Frederick S. Martin
32 S. G, Haven
33 Auu. P. Maseatl
34 Loremo Burrows
17 Alexander U. Buol
1 Nathan D. Strattou 4 Otorge II. Brown
2 Charles Skelton 6 Rodmau M. Price
A Isaac Wildrlek
1 T. L. CUngman, (8. K.)
2 Joseph P. UaldwtU
3 Alfred Dockery
4 James T. Mortheml
6 A. W, Venable, (8. R.)
? II. H. Weightman, (del.)
0 John R. J. Daniel
7 W. 8. Ashe
8 Hdvoartl Stanly
1) David Outlaw
1 David T. Disney
2 L. I). LbmpMl, (F. 8.)
3 Hiram Bell
4 Benjamin Staulon
5 Alfred P. Egorton
0 Frederick W. Green
7 Melton Bttrrere
8 John L. Thy tor
0 Kdsou II. OldB
10 Charles Sweetoer
U Uoorgc II. Bufiby
12 John Welsh
13 James M. Gaylord
14 Alexander Harper
16 William W. Hunter
10 John Johuaou
17 Joseph Cable
18 David K. Cartter
10 Kben New ton, (F. S.)
20 J. K. Qiddings, (V. 8.)
21 N. 8. Townshontl
* Joseph Ltvue, (del.)
1 Thomaa 11. Florence 13 James Gumblo
2 Joseph H. Chandler
3 Henry 1). Moore
4 John Kobblns, jr.
6 John McNalr
0 Thomas Boss
7 John A. Morrison
8 Thoddens Stevens
0 J. Glaney Jones
10 Milo M- Dimmick
11 Henry M. Fuller
12 iJaluohu A. Urow (F. 8i)
14 T. M. Bibighau*
16 William 11. Kurts
10 J. X. MeLanahan
17 Andrew Parker
18 John L. Dawson
10 Joseph II- Kuhns
20 John Allison
21 Thomas M. Howe
22 John W. Ilowe. (F. 8.)
23 Carleton II. Curtis
24 Alfred Gillmorc
1 George G. King
llliODi 18 (.A Mil.
2 Benjamin U. Thurston
1 Daniel Wallace, (8. R.) 6 Armistoad Burt, (8. R.)
2 Jamee L. Orr, (8. R.) 6 William Aikon, (8. R.)
3 J. A. Woodward, (8. R.) 7 Wm. F. Colcock, (8. R.)
4 John McQueen, (8. It.)
1 Andrew Johnson 7 Meredith P. Gentry
2 AlbertG. Walkins 8 William Cullom
3 G. W. Churchwell 0 Ish&m G. Harris
?4 John II. Savage 10 Fred. P. Stanton
6 Georgu Wi J ones 11 Christopher U. Williams
6 Wm. U. Polk
1 Richardson Scurry, (U.) 2 Volncy E. Howard, (D.)
* John M. Bernhisel, (U.)
1 John 8. Millson, (8. R.) 9 James F. Strother
2 R. Kidder Meade, "" *
!t Thos. II. Avorett,
> vo. ??/
e, (8. H.)
:t, (8. R.)
4 Thos. 8. Bo<'ock, (8. R.)
6 Paulus Powell, (8. R.)
0 John S. Caskio, (8. R.)
10 Charles J. fUulkner
11 John Letcher, (IM
12 II. Edmondson, (U.)
13 F. B. McMullen, (U.)
14 J. M. II. Beale, (U.)
15 Geo. W.Thompnon, (U.)
7 Thomas II. Bayly, (U.)
8 A. R. Holladay, (8. R.)
1 A hi man L. Miner 3 Jama Meacham
2 William llebard 4 Th. Bartlett, jr., (F. 8.)
1 Charles Durkee, (F. 8.) 3 James D. Doty, (F. 8.)
2 Benj. C. Eastman
?Delegates from the Territories.
RECAPITULATION BY FIGURES.
,?1850-'il.?. / 1848
Whig. Dem. Whig. Bern.
Alabama ..--2 6 2 6
Qlinois * ?,
New York ?
North Carolina -
8outh Carolina ?
Total thus for
Democratic majority thus far -
Democratic majority In 1849
A majority of the House is
Democrats elected .......
Southern rights men (21 Democrats and 1 Whig) ?
Free-sollers .... ....
THR PRESIDENTIAL A8PKCT OF THE HOUSE OF
With regard to tho vote by States, which only
occurs in case the Presidential election is re
ferred to the House of Representatives, tho fol
lowing is the result thus fur: '
Arkansas, (Secession.) I
J Connecticut, do
' Delaware, do
( Georgia, do
| Iowa, do
| .Value, do
New Jersey, do
South Carolina, (Secession.)
! Tennessee, do
8TIMS0N Sl CO.'S
Ntio York, New Orleans, and Mobile Kxprett,
(CONNECTING with th? swiftest and most responsible
\l expresses between the principal towns in Maine, Naw
Ilampahiro, Vermont, MasaaohuaetU, Rhoda Island, Con- .
noctlout, Lowar Cnna<la, New York Stat* Delaware, Penn
sylvania, Maryland, District of Columbia, Indiana, Ohio,
Illinois, Uie Western States generally, the Misslaalppl and
Alabama river town*, and the prominent placcs In Oeor
gla and the Carolina*.
Our facilities are no extensive and perfect that we can
secure the safe and speedy transportation of freight, 1
trunks, packages, and valuable parcels, from one end of
the country to the other, and between the most remote
From our many years* experience in the express busi- j
nexa, while connected with Meesrs. Adams k Co., and our
numerous advantages In other respects, (not the least of
which Is the confidence and patronage of the New York
community,) we feel assured that we shall never cease to
give the most entire satinflwtlon to our friend*, the jewel
ler*, banker*, and merchant* generally.
1 We beg leave to dall attention to our California KxpresA
from New Orlean*, and our Kxpress between Naw Orleans
and Mobile. i
Offices: St. Charles Hotel Building, New Orleans, and
1# Wall street, New York. mar 24?if
' G. H. VAN PATTEN, M. D.,
QflU* mar itrowu's Uoitl, J\atns^hiama *ve _ .
Obargae New York and Pbilmlelphia prices, ami ipufUl
tios bio won to be equal to any dona iu those oitfaw.
~ ., JOSEPH W IMS ATT, '7; 7~~
GROCERIES, WINES, TEAS, & LIQUORS,
Our. at' Jhsnn*y>ivania Avtnue. and Thirteenth street,
may SO wasiiinuton Qrn, D. 0. d A y
'" SCHOOL BOOKS ANDSIAVIojpil
4 T THIC UIBLE DEPOSITORY, corner of E nn<l 10th
i\. streets. |nop 1?tfj JAMES NOURSK.
J. McNEALE LATHAM,
Will practise In the HeVoral court* of the District oJ
Office on 4% street, near First Presbyterian Church.
Jy 16?tf ? - 'J M
1 JNO. B. KlliBEY & CO.,
Dealers in >
; FINE GROCERIES, WINES, AND LIQUORS.
No. 5, opposite Centre Market,
ip 10 Wabhimotqn Cett.D. 0. d A y
GEORGE E. KlltK,
Houte and Sign Painter, and Glazier,
South side Louisiana avenue, between 0th ?nd:tli street*,
i (Dwelling South F street, between 7tb and 8th street*,
I Island,) is prepared to execute to, order all descriptions ol
I work in his line. ^ ^ ?
- " J. A. KIRKPATRICK,
MAKltliK AND FREE-STONE CUTTER,
i Sstreet, between l'ith and Uth,,Washington City, D. <7.
Mmm ARBLE MANTLES, Monuments, Tombs, Head and
Foot Stoned, to., constantly on hand, of the bent
I quality and workmanship. All kinds of Stone, for Uulld
I inir, Ac- All kinds of work In bis line faithfully executed
' at the shortest notice. . ^ ' ? ap 10?U I
' PRINTERS' JOINER.
M. 1N0MAN", Cabinet-maker, Carpenter, and Prin
ters' Furniture-make", ciin be found by inquiring
IOELL A BOYD'S Venetian Blind Manufactory, Penn
sylvania avenue, between Oth and 10th gtrecU, w?"'
JAMES W. SUE All AN,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
PRACTISES in the Courts of the District, and prose
cutes claims of every description before the several
Executive Departments and before Congress.
Office and residenco 21st street, two doors north
of K ; *P U~tf
Old Wines, Liquors, Segars, Fresh Foreign
Fruits, Comestibles, etc.,
FOB BALE BY
JAMES T. LLOYD,
Pennsylvania avenue, 3 doors east of iSfUtnlh ilreel.
may 17?ly J
THE CHRISTIAN STATESMAN.
A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER.
Devoted to African Colonization and Civilization,
to Literature and General Intelligence.
nUIE undersigned propose to publish, in the City of
I Washington, a weekly newspaper, bearing the above
title, and dedicated to a sound morality in Politics, to the
Union of tho States, to the cause of African Colonization
and Civilization, and to all topics Of a high and general
interest to their country and mankind, "lbey will en
deavor to Impress upon the People and Government ol
the United Sutes and of the several States the importance
of colonizing in Africa, with their own consent, the free
people of color of tliis country, and such as may become
free. They will communicate U> the public all important
information they may obtain in regard to the Geography,
Exploration, Resources, Commerce and Population of Af
rica: the state of the Slave Trade, and the measures best
adapted lor Its suppression; and will enforce the duty ol
union among all Christian denominations in efforts to dif
fuse the knowledge of our Arts, Liberty, and Christianity,
among the barbarous people of that Continent.
They will aim to render the journal an instructive and
useful Family Newspaper, and to secure for its columns,
as the public favor snail enable them, contributions, Ute
rary and scientific, of decided merit.
Xiii Christian Statssziak will bo of the size of the
Home Journal or National Era, and exceed in sizo the
InUUigenter or the Union of this city; and, with but few
advertisements, will l>e nearly filled with matter designed
to lie of interest to Its readier*.
It will be printed with new type, on fine white paper,
and, in mechanical execution, be equal to tho best news
papers in the country. .... . , I,
Terms. The Christian Statesman will be two dollars a
vear, payable in advance.
Postmasters or others, who may be pleased to act as
voluntary agents, will l*s responsible to those who may
nay over to them subscriptions; and to the order of such
aeents, or to any who may make remittances for the
Christian Statesman, It will be supplied on the following
^""single copy for one year - - ? $2 00
Single copy for six months ... i w
Three copies for one year ? ? * 6'
Six copies for one year - ? - ?
Twenty copies for one year - ? ? 80 ou
Twenty oopies for six months ? - loot) M
The first number of this paper may be expected to ap
pear early in August, and it Is desired that those who are
disposed to further its great objects, by their patronage,
should indicate their wishes before that time. Orders and
communications, addressed (poet paid) to Uurley A Good
loe, will receive immediate attention. ^ r QuaLEY
_ D. K. GOODLOE.
CoLOsmnos Rooms, Washington, June 11,1851.
At a meeting of the Executive Committee of the Amerl
,*n Colonization Society, held on the 10th Instant, the
Secretary laid before the Committee the 1 rospeetus of a
newspaper, to be called the OhristianStatesman, and to
lie devoted " to sound morality in Politics, to the b nlon ot
the State*, to the cause of African Colonization and Civili
zation, and to all topics of a high and general interest to
their country"?to be published in this city, by the Rev.
U. It. Our ley and D. R. Goodioe; after the reading ^
which, it was
H'sohxd, That we cordially and earnestly rea>mmcnd
the Christian Hatetmmn to the patronage or the mends oil
African Colonization throughout the United States.
June 1ft? W. MeLAIN. See- Am. Col. floe.
BRITlSn QUARTERLY REVIEWS.
OWING to the late revolutions and counter-revolutions
among the nations of Europe, which have followe-J
each bther in such quick succession, and of which the
fad is not net," the leading periodical^ of GreatBritaln
have become invented with a degree of interest hltlwrto
unknown. Thev occupy a middle ground ^tween the
hasty , disjointed, and n.rcessarily Imperfect records of the
newspapers, and the elaborate and ponderous treaties to
be furnished by tho historian at a future day. Yl hoever
reads these |>eriodlcals obtains a correct and connected nc
couut of all the important political events of the Old
World, as they occur, and Icarus the various conclusion*
drawn from them by the leading spirits of the age. The
American publishers there.Cure deem it proper to coll re
newed nttoutlou to the works they publish, and the very
low prices at which they are offered to Bubeerlber*. rhe
following In their ll?t, viz :
Tnt Ix)!*D0!? Qva*ttrit Riviiw,
Thk EidSBtmoH RBVtrw,
Thc North British Rr.vii:w,
Tim W**TMift*Tis* llzrisw. and
Blackwood'* Kwkwmh Mmuuii.
In tliHNe periodicals are tfontalned the Views, moderately
though clearly and firmly of the three
j>artles In England-Tory, W fife. "<"? ? ?B^'
wood" and the " London t|narterly ?re Tory, the hdlBj
borgh Kevlew" Whig, and the "Westminster Heview
Liberal. The ? North BriUzh Itevlcw" owes Its estalJlsh
ment to tho last great Hceloslastlcal movement in .Scotland,
and Is not ultra In Its views on any oue of the grand de
partments of human knowlodge. It was originally edited
by l>r..Chalmers, and now, since Ills death, is condncted
by his son-in-law. Dr. llanna, associated with Sir Davld
llrewster. IU literary character is of the very
order. The "Westminster." though rrprmtttl under that
title only, Is puhlished in England under the title or the
" Foreign Quarterly and Westminster,' It being in Diet a
union of the two Reviews formerly published and reprinted
under separate titles. It has, theref. .re, the advantage, by
this eombinatlon. of uniting in one work tho b?-st feature*
lTheVbove'lV?rio'llc?l* wre reprinted In New York, imme
dlstelyon thefr orrtv-l by the British steamers,
tlf.,1 clear tvpe, on fifte white paper, and sre f:.ithftil co
pie* of the uriKlnals?Blackwood's Magazine being an ex
act fan simile of the Edinburgh edition.
ior any one of the four Reviews, $3 00 per annum.
Kor any two, <Jo J M (<
For any throe, do i 00
Vor all four of the Reviews, 8 00
For Blackwood's Magazine,
For Blackwood and three Reviews, 9 00
For Blackwood and four Reviews, 10 00
nivmenU to bf made in all cam in hdhrnce.
tVRemittances and communications should be always
79 Fulton street. New York,
mar 24? Bntrancejj_Gold_?t^
W ASHINGTON t
SATUHi)AY AFTERNOON, DECEMBER 20.
Mr. W obtler, Wild C*?, and our Mexi
During the past summer, the, Secretary of1
State, neglecting his official duties at Washing- .
ton, hus been electioneering through the coun
try, claiming to have " saved the Union,
when he is himself more responsible than any
other one man for having, fanned the flame of
that agitation which has created nil the danger
to the Uniou. We refer to the agitation 6f the
Wilmot Proviso, which recently shook this
Government to its foundation. We refer to his
course and speeches on tho Missouri question,
aud to tho publio..meeting called together by
him and others at tho State-house in Boston,
bo fav back as the 3d Deoember, 1819, for the
purpose of petitioning Congress to insert in any
law for the admission of new States into the
Union a prohibition of slavery. The record of
the proceedings of that meeting says:
?' After the report had been read,; Alden
Bradford, esq., rose and expressed his doubts of
the constitutional right of Congress to prohibit
slavery, although he hud as great, an abhor
rence of slavery as auy other man. He was
replied -to by tho Hon. Dunicl Webster, who
demonstrated very clearly the constitutional
right of Congress to enact the prohibition, and
the strong expediency of exercising that right."
Nor is this all! Mr. Webster was appointed
chairman of a committee of live, whose special
duty it was to promote that agitation. Nor is
this all! The report of the' committee intro
ducing the resolutions, of which Mr. Webster
was tho ablest, most distinguished, and conr
trolling member, proclaimed without disguise
the EXTIRPATION oi" slavery, in the following
" The KXTTTtrATio* of slavery has never ceased
to be regarded as a measure deeply concerning the
honor and safety of the United Stutes."
We repeat, theu, that no other one man bears
so largo a share of responsibility for that agita
tion, which has tonded to loosen tho bonds of
this Union, and to arouse feelings of alienation,
if not of enmity, between its different sections.
For of all those, bo have selfishly sought their
own aggrandizement by such means, not one
possessed his great talents and dangerous capa
city for mischiof:
" He, above the Teat
? ? * ? proudly eminent,
Stood like a tower."
Vet he has been wandcriug through the coun
try, claiming to himself the credit ol having
"saved the Uniou," and making speeches for
the Compromise, to catch votes, and get him
self nominated for the Presidency. And while i
I thus engaged, he has permitted that active and
formidable chief, Wild Cat, to establish himself
on the Texas frontier, and to open there a ren
dezvous aud point d'appui for hostile Badges
and runaway negroes. ,
Now, here ia something for the jocular Mr.
Uayly, of Virginia. If he has been deceived
in hia expectation of being made Speaker by
Mr. Webster's influence, let him look to this,
and not annoy his late friend, the Secretary of
State, with questions about Mr. Thrasher,
whose matters have been previously attended
to by a more reliable man than himself. But,
lest Congress should pay no attention to a man
who can deliberately utter, in his official char
acter of Chairman of the most important com
mittee of the House, the most dishonorable cal
umnies, and unblushingly retract them, with
tho miserable excuse that he "spoke jocularly,
we hope that some other man, better entitled
to tho confidence of the country, will take mea
sures to break up this nest of dangers.
Tub Rev. Mr. Gallahkb, or Missoubi.?
We learn with peculiur pleasure that this able,
zealous, and distinguished preacher has ac
cepted an invitation from tho First Presbyte
rian church, U street, in this city, to supply
the pulpit of that church, and that his services
in that position will commence to-morrow
morning. Mr. Gallaher is one of the most
efficient and instructive expositors of the writ
ten Word to whom we have ever listened.
fur of John I. Thrasher.
The public mind seems as if it could scarcely
credit the fact that a respectable und innocent
man, Claiming t? bo a citir.en of this great re
public, should be seized, almost in sight of our
shores, by the petty tools of the petticoat des
potism of old Spuin, hurried through a sham
trial, sentenced to an ignomiuiotis punishment,
and shipped as * convict to the mines or gal
leys without au actor a word from tho govern
ment to present the outrage. We wonder that
the country is not roused up from the Aroos
took to the Bio Grande, as the disgraceful fact
comes in all its hideousness before its gate. If
such outrages us this can be perpetrated by the
authorities of the little dependanry of Cuba,
who will be safe under the stars aud stripes?
Who will dare to leave his native shores in pur
suit of pleasure, health, or busiuebs, if there is
no shield thrown around him by the urm of hi.)
own government ? We look upon this act as
one which should call forth the indignant de
nunciations of every lover of freedom und inde
pendence, and cause a demand upon the gov
ernment of Spain for his instant release and
the most ample atonement. Doubtless the cold
indifference manilested by our government to
the butchery of the gallant Crittenden and ni?
party has emboldened this miserable despotism
to the commission of this second outrage.
The Cuban Proclamation, out of deference to |
the petticoat despotism of Spaiu and submih- j
sion to the joint intervention of Englaud and j
France, defamed the gallant Crittenden aud his i
party as criminals banded together for purpotet j
of robbery and plunder, and therefore beyond
tho pale of the laws of humanity.
So Mr. Webster, in his letter to Mr. Barriu
gor, labors to ostracise Mr. Thrasher, as fol
"If the Official account of 'the Spanish au
thorities be correct, Mr. Thrasher appears to i
lave expatriated himself, and to Lave become, at
eaut for the time, a subject of the Crown of
Spain. He had chosen a new government and
a new home : and so long as he chose to remain
uuder the authority and protection of that gov- j
et nnieut, he would seem to have little right to
?*t up against it any immunity founded on his
original and native character of a citizen of the
United States. There is no doubt that any
one, who chooses to reside in a country, is
bottrd to conform to its laws, and is amenable
to its tribunals for their violation; the more
especially if he has promised subjection and
obedience to those laws, and taken an oath of
allegiance to the sovereign power. Mr. Thrash
er ? friends insist that on his trial he was de
prived of certain privileges secured to citizens
ot the United States by the seventh article of
our treaty with Spain of 1795. But it may bo
doubted whether, after having sworn allegiance
to the Spanish government, he can longer claim
the privileges and immunities of an American
Hero is another instance of Mr. Webster's
special pleading to Bustain tyranny and con
tempt of treaties. There can be no doubt that,
il any oath of ullegiance to Spain was ever
taken by Mr. Thrasher, it was that restricted
and compulsory oath, which all Americans resi
ding in Cuba are required to take. That oath,
whenever taken, is taken subject to the. treaty,
and cannot deprive American citizens of the
privileges and immunities secured to them by
the treaty. Otherwise, Spain, in exacting that
oath, commits a gross violation of the treaty.
Well may it be asked, " Who id safe under the
stars aud stripes ?"
\ et with all this?and the affair of the Pro
metheus staring us in the face?heedless of the
disgrace and degradation of the American flag,
truckling alike to the arrogance of England
and the outrages perpetrated by the authorities
of the little dependency of Cuba, Mr. Webster
is presented by Mr. Choate, of Boston, and the
London Morning Chronicle, to the American
people as a candidate for the Presidency, and
as "the person best fitted to take charge of
our foreign relations."
Mr. Thraaher to the American CoiikuI.
Punt a Prison, Havana, Nov. 16, 1851.
Allen F. Owen, esq., U. 8. Consul, Havana:
Dear Sih:?In a state of complete uncer
tainty as to the course my trial is taking, since
the presentation to the Council of War of my
solemn protest against judgment being entered,
without allowing me every fair and legal means
of defence, .(which I herein do most solemnly
aver has not been allowed me, my nominal de
fender, or advocate, never having in any mau
ner consulted with me as to the best line of de
fence to adopt, nor even asked what oounter
testimony I could bring forward, nor ever hav
ing consulted with my legal counsel as to points
ot law,) I find myself,under the necessity, to
secure justice, to request you to bring forward
my rights as nu American citizen, and to press
with all due firmuess upon the Government my
complete non-amenability to the charge of trea
son, which they bring forward against me; the
incongruity of tryiug me by a court-martial in
a time of profound peace, and the injustice of
refusing to afford me a fair and free defence.
Besjj^the evident and well-known Btate of
the lawin regard to white colonization in this
Island, by which domiciliatory letters are grant- !
ed to foreigners, without affecting in any de
gree their allegiance to, and right of protection
from, their own governments, and which do
miciliatory letters are essentially different in
their nature from letters of naturalization, there
exists in my own case a peculiar and significant
fact, to w hich I beg leave to draw your atten
tion, that you may bring it immediately before
the government of this Island, and our own if
About the middle of August of last year,
(1850,) I rented, as a matter of speculation,
the paper entitled ?? Faro Industrial de la Ha- j
bana." I presented to the censorship an editor,
other than myself, and who was a Spanish sub
ject, and undertook myself only the printing
and publication of the paper. For reasons best
known to the government, an order was issued
by the Captain-General, (which I would present
here, but I was refused n oopy thereof by the
officer who made it known to me,) by which
order I was prohibited to publish any paper in '
the Island, unless I first took out letters of
naturalization. Within the prescribed term, I
replied to the order in a memorial, which 1 pre
sented to the Captain-General, declining to
take out letters of naturalization, aud ktatiug
that I ceased to publish the paper, which from
that time passed out of my hands.
In this proceeding you will perceive there is j
a decided recognition, on the part of the gov- j
ernment, of my entire want of allegiance to her
Catholic Majesty, and of the complete validity
of my rights as an .American citizen, notwith
standing I possessed at that time the same dom- |
iciliary letters under which they now pretend
to a right to accusc, try, aud sentence me as a j
Spanish subject; and 1 have not since then, by
any set, or by the operation of any known law,
lost my rights of nationality and allegiance to
the United States of America.
. I state these facts from memory merely, bo.- j
ing in durance, ami without facile access to my
papers; and I am not certain but that the terms
of the order to which I have referred may not,
in their wording, present the facts in a stronger
light even than what 1 have placed them.
I call upon you, therefore, as Consul of the
United States, and representative here of our
common country and government, to bring these
facts forcibly and urgently t,. the knowledge of
the government of Cuba; to protest firmly and
energetically against the infringement of the
rights of an American citizen in my person, and
the denial of justice to mv; aud to ask from
the t aptffin-Gencral that there be accorded to
me a proper and sufficient time to make my de
fence ; that 1 bo lurnislied with toll copies of
all tho proceedings and evidence in my case, to
which 1 am entitled by law and by treaty, and
that I bo freely furnished with copies of all
documents that 1 may deem necessary to my
perfect exculpation from the charges brought
1 must also request you to urge upon this
government the incompatibility of considering
me at one moment an American citizen, and at
another r Spanish subject; the impossibility of
my holding allegiance to two powers at the
satno moment; and that the government here,
having viewed ine in the light of a foreigner,
and ns not holding the allegianco of a Spanish
subject, allow me to prosecutu my exculpation ,
and defence against the charges now lying
against me, with a full recognition of my rights
as an Atnericnn citizen.
1-rom the information I can gather of the
proceedings of the court iu my case, I huve
reaeon to feur u hasty and unjust decision
against me; I would, therefoie, respectfully
urge upon you immediate and energetic action
m my behalf.
I have the honor to be your obedient servant,
J. S. TiJHASJltll.
Letter from Mr*. Thr*?ber.
Havana, Nov. 28, 1861.
To Ilia Excellency Millar J Fillmore, President of
the United Statet.
IIoNoHun Siu: The undersigned, mother of
ilr. John 8. Thrasher, begs leavo to call your
attention to the following facts respecting her
son. I would, in the first place, state that he
was born in Portland, Maine, the native pl.ee
of his parents, and is therefore an American
cituen. On the l'dth of October, while in the
usual pursuit of his business, he was arrested
aud detained by the police, his property und
papers seized, and on the 21st of said month
no was placed in solitary confinement in the
^JpnWn, and on tlio 24th in a dungeon at
the 1 unta Castle; and during all this time, un
til the < th instant, 1 was not permitted to see
him. On the 7th he was allowed to see his
friends two hours in each day, when, to my sur
prise. he was notable to inform me of the cause
of his arrest and imprisonment. On the 11 th ho
was informed that on the following day he would
be 1 irough t up lor sentence. Ou the I2.tb a court
mnitial assembled, consisting of seven military
officers one of them being the president, before
whom tlio fiscal (prosecuting att'y) read the sev
eral charges against him, and without evidence.
He not being present, but under a guard of sol
diers in another part of the building, did not
hear tho charges, or know their substance.
After tho reading, he was brought before the
court and asked by tho President what he had
to say for himself in defence. To which he re
plied that he had been denied a copy of the
charges, and had not been allowed counsel in
his defence; that he had asked time to enable
him to bring evidence to prove his innocence of
all crimes or charges against him. But all in
vain; and, alter various questions were asked
in an insulting manner, ho was again sent
to his dungeon, where, on the twenty first,
the fiscal, accompanied only by his clerk,
appeared before the grating and rend to
him the sentence, approved by the Auditor
of War, becausc " the criminal had done noth
ing to disprove the accusations against him,"
and signed by the Captain-General without
remark. The sentence is "eight years' hard
labor at Ceuta, in Africa, with payment of
costs," for the " crime of treason," (" del it o de
injideneia.") He was then sent to the Moro
Castle, and two days after, when I called on
the Captain-General to ask that he might not
be sent away while the illness of his father pre
vented his seeing him, I was abruptly told that
he would sail in thirty six hours' time for
Spain, and he has sailed this day for Cadiz in
tho ship llispano Cubauo, there to have his
sentence put into execution. Tho undersigned
most earnestly supplicates your Excellency, as
the head of the government of my nation, to
hearken to the entreaties of a mother, that jus
tice may be done, / ark not for merer/; but that
the rights o! my son, an American citizen, may
be promptly attended to, und that such instruc
tions be sent to our .Minister in Spain and Con
sul at Cadiz as to procure his immediate release
and his return to his country. My ninny years'
residence here gives me a knowledge of Spanish
character, and the indecent haste to send my son
n way belore the arrival of steamers from the U.
States adds to my lears of the consequences
of even a few hours' delay ; it having frequently
occurred that, on a pardon or release being
granted, it was pretended that the prisoner had
died, or could not be found, and he was left to
liuger his life in a dungeon. 1 also beg that a
copy ol all the proceedings, which were denied
to my son. may be demanded; and should it
prove he hjs been most unjustly dealt with, (as
1 firmly believe he has,) that there may he also
demanded pecuniary satisfaction for the loss of
his property end his business from thii govern
ment, which, agaiubt treaty stipulations, has
committed this grosa outrage upon him, an
1 humbly nuk your kind attention to this np
| peal, which 1 cannot make in person in conse
quence of the illncsM of my husband. Having
the fullest confidence that it mill not be made
iu vain, 1 subscribe myself your Excellency's
Fakni P. Thuashir.
The Computing Telegraph i? a wonderful
affair, and Mr. Fuller is surprising the great
men in this city with its working*. In reeponse
to some questions yesterday, he stated in less
time than the questions could he prepared or
the answers recorded, that the Rotunda of the
t npitol, being OU feet In diameter, would con
tain 2,880 persons, and allow each 2J- square
feet, or 18 by 18 inches. The Crystal Ptlaee,
he said, lajing 1,861 feet long, and 100 wide,
with an additional acre to the transept or cen
tre, measures 18 acres, nud would contain at
the same rate 317,'(00 persons upon the ground.
The population of the glotte, being estimated at
JX'0,000,000, could stand upon forty square
miles, or an area of six and 33-100 miles square.
Ex-Gov. MoitkHKAO, of Kentucky, it is said,
will bo Mr. Clay's successor in tho United
States Senate, should the lutter resign his seat.
Miss Kimbkrlv, tLc American actress, hna
been playing to crowded house# in Baltimore.
Miss Iv. pleosed us well with her Shakspearo
readings a Couple of years since.
Eftkcts or Coi,u Wkathkr.?The I>eiaware
and Schuylkill rivers are said to be tight near
Philadelphia. Where i*. General George Sav
Aran* Ghat, opposite Odd-Fellows' Hall,
7th street, is refurnishing his book and station
ery store with every thing desirable in bis line,
whether for utility or ornament, including vs.
rieties of fancy articles especially adapt*! to
the present season?though we design no pun
ning upon the subject of presents. Husbands,
fathers, lovers, friends, and all who would give
acceptable gifts, thould in the first instance
give Mr. Gray a call. ^ oung persons?even
the little one in thecraule?will rejoice greatly
in many artic<ee of Mr. Gray's selecting.
" Struck by lightning," is the cant term used
by thieves, &c., when arrested through inlor*
matiou conveycd by telegraph.
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