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The Wichita daily eagle. (Wichita, Kan.) 1890-1906, March 18, 1890, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014635/1890-03-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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Kans. Historical SocLetytf
YOL. XH NO. 104:
WICHITA, KANSAS, TUESDAY MOEOTNG. MAECH 18. 1S90
WHOLE NO. 1814
IE (Mil CIRCLE.
ITS C1ECUMFERENCEAXD ITSCOJI
MEBCIAL CENTER.
Less Than One-Twelfth of the Area
of the State has Given Kansas
Her Name and Fame.
The Peerless Princess of the Plains, tha
Pride of their Perenial Prairies, and
the Hagic Magnet of the
Meridan is Wichita.
Some Very Important Pacts and Pgures
Taken Prom Official Reports, Together
With their Logical, Irresistable
Conclusions Touching the
Garden Spot of Kansas
audits Metropolis.
'"In Itls hand
He took cartlen composes to circumscribe
Tbe holQcn spot of tho planet."
Kansas is not only the "Central State"
o,f the Union in name and.geographically,
Ikit as a. comnionweath, Kansas is be
coming to bo recognized as the center of
Agricultural products, as also a center of
-wealth and enterprise, of prosperity
and of a high standard of general in
telligence. While these facts are now so
universally acknowledged and accepted,
a very few, comparatively, realize that a
single compact section of Kansas, com
prising less than one-twelfth of her cul
tivable area, contains fully one-sixth of
the entire wealth and population of the
state, producing one-sixth and more, of
all her vast surplus of grains and of
fruits, of her cattle and hogs and of
-other domestic animals which constitute
the great wealth of the sunflower realm.
Take a map of the state of Kansas and
place one point of a pair of compasses
upon the city of "Wichita and tho other
point on the line of the Indian territory,
scarce fifty-five miles to the south, and
then describe a circlo and the line will
encompass not only the choicest section
of this great grain growing state, but
the rarest rural uealm of verdant valleys,
of rich, rolliujr, perenial prairies, of
gardens and granges, of herds and homes
to be found on the American continent
if not in all the world. It constitutes a
dominant domain, midway of the tem
perate zone, yet lugh above the physical
afflictions of ocean levels, whose rivers
sparkle in eternal sunshine and
where bountiful crops sway
ever to tho gentle pressure of
life sustaining breezes, which in turn are
ladened with tho moisture of tho Gulf
upon the one liand and cooled by the
enow capped altitude of the distant
Rockies upon the other.
Tliis charmed circle of pleasing pictures
and marvelous blcndings though of com
paratively recent settlement has non
plussed statisticians by its wonderful an
nual yields of farm and field. Circum
scribing an area of but about seven coun
ties of tho entire ono hundred and six
counties of the state, the agricultural re
ports of the state board as also the official
reports of the auditor of state show,
and beyond any question or cavil prove,
that within a distance of fifty odd miles
of Wichita, or witliin tho circle named
and illustrated herewith, that from one
lif tli to one-seventh of all the crops of the
state are produced by it aud tliat from
one-sixth to one-fifth of all the popula
tion and taxable -wealth of our great and
rapidly growing state, including railway
mileage, are to be found witliin the cir
cumscribed limits of this favored and
unrivaled area. Within it are the coun
ties of Sedgwick, Sumner, Harvey and
Butler, three-fourths of Cowley together
with the south halves of Marion and
McPherson, the east halves of Kingman
and Reno and corners of Harper and
Chase.
Partly to settle any question touching :
the reliability - of our declaration
which the incredulous might sug
gest, but more for the information o
those residing at a distance, anxious for
reliable data touching the far famed Nile
of Amerios. and its tributary valleys, we
herewith give the official figures taken
from the last report of the auditor of the
state, and from the last report of the
Kaasas state board of agriculture:
The population of the state as returned
by the assessors for 1889 was 1,404,914, of
whom 241,254, or one-sixth of the entire
number4ived within the charmed circle.
The -wheat product of the state for the
year 1889, as given by the state board,
rea-ched the enormous number of 3o,030,
08 bushels, of which amount there was
produced by the farmers living within
the charmed circle 7,847,763 bushels, or
more than one-fifth of the entire product
of Kansas wheat.
In corn Kansas leads all her sister
states for 18S9, having harvested 273,
888,321 bushels, or enough to feed the
world, of which 44,713,302 bushels were
taken from the fields within the magic
circle four counties alone inside of
which circle, namely, Sedgwick, Sum
ner, Butler and Cowley usually de
nominated the "big four counties" of
Kansas, producing 29,114,302 bushels,
Sedgwick herself leading with 7,928,200
bushels.
So much for the leading cereals. On
examination of the reports as to tho
minor products of the farm, such as
oats, barley, potatoes, fruits, hay, otc,
it will be found that this magnificent
domain, this magic portion of one
twelfth of the state, within whose bor
ders the waters and valleys of the Littlo
and Great Arkansas rivers, tho Ninnes
cah and the Walnut rivers, all seem to
unite, produces from one-fifth to one
seventh of all that the state
annually shows of agricul
tural and horticultural products.
In tho production of live stock, espec
ially in superior grades of hogs, cattle,
sheep and horses, Kansas has become
famous. The great live stock market at
Kansas City, which is supplied from this
state, has grown into a reputation that is
world wide and that rivals that of Chi
cago. The live stock market of Wichita
is even surpassing the earlier history of
VX
'that of Kansas City. The altitude,
climate, soil, streams, grain and grasses
all seem to harmoniously unite in tho
production of unrivaled grades of cattle,
horses, hogs and sheep, all of wKich grow
up into splendid maturity in entire im
munity from disease. The official report
for 1SS9 gives the state of Kansas 719,894
horses, of which the counties composing
our charmed circle returned 90,313, or
one-sixth of the horses of the state, with
exactly the same ratio for milch cows.
The same report gives the state for last
year 1 ,63 1 ,93.1 hogs of six months old and
upward, of which number the territory
embraced within the charmed circle re
turned 257.622, or one-sixth the entire
number, or upwards of a quarter of a
million of hogs within fifty miles of the
Wichita stock yards and packing houses.
The value of beef cattle marketed in
1SS9, that were raised within fifty miles
of Wichita, or within the charmed circle,
as reported by the state board, was $4.
oSS.012, all directly tributary to Wichita
live stock markets.
It is a fact so patent as to need only to
be stated to gain general assent that rail
way managements, projectors and con
structors never fail to discover tho
richest sections and most promis
ing commercial centers. The possi
bilities of any given agricultural
region or mining district are tested by
every conceivable standard by these rail
way magnates and if found superior the
ground is occupied in the shortest possi
ble rime. Our map shows in what estimate
the territory composing the cliarmed cir
cle is lield by tle managements of the
principal railroads of tlie west. It is
grid-ironed with trunk lines, branches
and feeders. Witliin the boundary
marked, it is almost impossible to get
out of sight of the smoke of the locomo
tive or beyond the liearing of its wliistle.
Kansas, tliough so young, has more miles
of railway than any state in the Union
save the great prairie state of Illinois.
Kansas, in railway mileage, leads 2sew
York, Pennsylvania, Ohio. Indiana and
Iowa, th other great railway states.
sXNX v 1
-with 8,311 miles of iron bands
which run through every coun
ty in the state, save six in
the extreme southwest. Of that S.311
total mileage the cliarmed circle contains
1,521 miles, wanting but 141 miles of
liaving one-fifth the entire railway mile
age of next to the greatest railroad state
in the nnion. Ten lines of railway radi
ate out from Wichita, making her the
undisputed railway, center of Kansas,
with four additional lines organized and
chartered within the present year. No
people on the face of the globe are better
acenmmodated with railway transporta
iion facilities than the lucky people of
the charmed circle. Nine out of ten of
the farmers and live stock raisers, and all
of the citizens of every town within the
charmed circle can reach Wichita's cen
tral markets, direct, and within from one
to two hours' time.
The property of Kansas, personal and
real, as returned by the assessors and
fixed by the boards of equalization, is as
sessed at less than one-fourth of its real
or true value. Under this rule the total
real and personal wealth of Kansas, as
per the auditor's report, was returned at
$353,237,323.29. The charmed circle in
settlement and development has scarce
numbered half the years of the older,
eastern portion of the state, lying along
the Missouri and Kansas rivers, yet this
circumscribed spot has so far outstripped
the Kansas of the fifties and sixties as to
surprise and astonish men who have lived
within her borders since the territorial
days. That a section constituting less
than one-twelfth of the agricultural area
of the state should in so short a time
boast one-sixth of all the taxable
values of all the hundreds of millions
returned by the state is a matter inex
plicable to political economists and hard
of realization even by those who have
seen it at all and who have participated
in the triumph. Yet, and notwithstand
ing, the territory lying within fifty milps
and including the city of Wichita, re
turns assessable values of S56,0S8,677.93,
representing in fact not less than two
hnndred millions of dollars of actual
values, a wealth that for the most part
has been developed aud created within
fifteen years by the glorious domain
found within the circling line of our il
lustration, with its hub or central
municipality leading in business import
ance and wealth all of the other cities of
Kansas, new and old; demonstrating that
however much may be truthfully claimed
for the wonderful prosperity and devel
opment of the great central state of the
union, that yet within her own favored
borders there is a marvelous precinct
whose miraculous advantages of soil and
of climate, of streams and valleys consti
tute an economical wonder which has in
a few swift years become the dominant
domain of one of the most powerful com
monwealths of the magnificent and ever
expanding west.
With the foregoing facts well home in
mind, and with a map of Kansas before
his eyes, the reader will have little diffi
culty in determining how so circum
scribed a division, how such a fractional
oasis of less than one-twelfth has given
the whole state of Kansas so much
of her enviable name and fame,
and still less difficulty in understanding
and accounting for the phenomenal
growth of Wichita in the past and her
undisputed and undimmed prospects as
a great commercial city of the future.
And while the outlined district really
comprises but a portion of the territory
and of the interests tributary to this
city, yet as a darling of destiny tho
Peerless Princess sits as a magic magnet
securely enthroned in the midst of this
perenial paradise without a cloud to
obscure the horizon of her coming great
ness drawing all to herself, yet with her
ascendant acquisitions, and with her
transcendent advantages of location and
surroundings still proving a distin
guished patron to all who dwell within
the charmed circle and an unmixed
blessing to her own happy inhabitants.
COLORADO AND MISSOURI MINING
EXCHANGE.
KANSAS City, Mo., March 17. The con
solidated call of the Colorado & Missouri
Mining exchange began at 11:30 this
morning at the mining exchange. About
2."i0 delegate-? from Mi;ouri and Colorado
were present. President Allen, of the
board of trade, welcomed the visitors and
President Uachelor. of the Denver Mining
exchange, responded. Then the Colorado
call was commenced, Mr. Maurice Golinou,
of Denver, holding the .vel, and some
very lively trading in itock followed. At
1 o'clock the delegates adjourned for lunch
and at 2 o'clock they reassembled and the
Kansas Ciry call commenced. Thi even
ing a banquet, at which covers for 300
euets were laid. ws served at the Mid
laud hotel. Tomorrow afternoon at 2
o'clock the convention will meet in esion
for the purpose of effecting permanent or
ganisation, the election of officers and the
choosing of the next place of meeting.
CHARGED WITH BRIBE-TAKING.
New York. March 17. Depnty Commis
sioner of Public Works Bernard F. Martin
was arrested today in his office in
Chambers street ou an indictment found
against him by the grand jury. He is
charged with receiving bribes while in the
sheriff's oflice when" he was ordered to
arrest a clerk under Sheriff Gram, He
wa taken to the district attorney's office,
Otfaer arrests will follow. Martin wa
arraigned before Judge Martins in his
private of general sessions and save bail
for $10,000 to appear before Judge Fitac
eerald Monday next. At half pat 1 o'clock
Deputy Sheriff. Patrick Fitkgerskl was
nrreted.
RUMOR OF BISMARCK'S RESIGNATION.
Berlin, Mrrch 17. A report is widely
circulated this evening that Prince Bis
marck has tendered his resignation to the
emperor.
London. March 17. A dispatch from
Berlin says it is stated there that Prince
Bismarck aud Count Herbert BL-nwrek
have tendered their resignations and that
Emperor William has accepted the resig
nation of the chancellor.
IDEE 1
TERRIBLE ACCIDENT ATA FIEE
IX INDIANAPOLIS.
Ten
Firemen Go Down to-Death
with a Four Story
Structure
The .Work of Eescue Oarriea on by Hundreds-Others
Probably'TInder
the Euins,
Thirteen Seriously Injured, Some Patally-
Pathetic Scenes at the Homes of the
Victims-Narrow Escape of the
Operatives from an Explosion
. in a Saltpetre Mill .at
Whitehall, ItJ.-Oas-nalty
Eecord.
IXDIAXAPOLIS, Ind., March 17. What at
first seemed an insignificant fire in the
Bowen-Merrill store this afternoon, re
sulted in a catastrophe in which at least
four men were killed and a dozen, wounded,
some of whom will die. The building oc
cupied by the book company was a four
story, and basement, marble front build
ing, facing Washington street, just west of
the Meridian. The lire started shortly be
fore 3 o'clock, near the furnace in the sub
bbasement. The fire department, when it
arrived seemed at a loss to locate tho fire
and begun pouring water into the building
at the front when the seat of trouble was
in the rear. For two hours the fight had
continued in this way until the majority
of the spectators had left under the im
pression that the fire was out. About 5:35,
however, there was a terrible crash, and
the entire building except the front wall
fell inward. At the time a number of fire
men were on the roof of the building and
were buried in the debris which was piled
forty feet high within the walls of the
burned buildiug.
Immediately the work of rescuing the
lining and extricating the dead was begun
by at least 7C0 volunteers, who, in addition
to the uninjured firemen and members of
the police force, formed a strong corps of
workers. At times their ears would be
greeted by the groans of the wounded un
der the ruins and then the work would be
pushed with renewed vigor. For three
hours the forces labored to rescue the
wounded and recover the dead.
At 11 o'clock the work of excavating the
rtrns of the Bowen Merrill fire was still in
progress. So far ten firemen are known to
be dead. Their names are:
Geohgk Faulknei:,
Ulysses Glazieu, ,
George Glenx,
Al Hoffman,
RlCIIAKD Lowme,
Ephraiaji Stokmer,
Charles Jenkins,
Andrew Cheery, superintendent of the
fire arms system.
Thomas S. Bl-rkhakdt,
Thomas A. Black.
Wounded Anhtony Voltz. pipeman;
Lew Kafert, fireman: Thomas Barren, fire
man; A. C. Mercer, captain fire depart
ment; Samuel W. Neal, pipeman; Thomas
B. Black, pipeman; William Partes, pipe
man, wounded internally, may die: Henry
Woodruff, pipeman, badly hurt: Ebeuezer
Leech, pipeman, cut arid bruised; Tom
Talenty, toreman enirine No. 2, fatally
crushed; Charles Jenkins, pipeman, badly
bruised: William Hcinzly, pipeman, badly
hurt; John Burkhardt, pipeman, badly
hurt about the head.
At this hour the workmen digging in
the mass of brick, iron and mortar are try
ing to extricate a man whose face, bloody
and bruised, appears just.above the debris.
He ib supposed to be Daniel Jone3, a pipe
man. Ilis feet are caupht by a huge iron
girder and he is being liberally plied with
stimulants to keep him alive. Under
neath him is another man who is supposed
to be dead.
It is possible that still others are under
the ruins.
SEEKING FOR THEIR LOVED ONES.
The scene at the fire department head
quarters this evening have been only ex
ceeded by those at the homes of the dead
firemen. Old men, fathers of the younger
men who lost their lives, mother and chil
dren of the dead and living, have crowded
into the room, seeking information of their
loved ones and netting none, have rushed
to the scene of the fire and by their frantic
appeals have made doubly arduous the
work of tho-e endeavoring to get at tho'-e
imprisoned beneath the ruins. The first
ambulance to leave the scene of the fire
carried the remains of the first four men
taken from beneath the fallen floors.
A CRAII DOWN TO DEATH.
The cause of the loss of life is yet not
quite apparent. During the two hours and
a half while the fire was burning there
had been scarcely a flame visible to the
spectators on the streets, though volumes
of smoke Lad been so dense a to utterly
obstruct the view. The crowds in .the
street had liegan to disperse, and every
body considered the lire practically extin
guished, when there was a Midden crah
and the whole building, except the Wash
ington street ide. fell with a crah. Fire
men were on eacii of the floors and the
roof and they were of course carried down
in the collap-e.
It would -eem that the building had
been insufficiently tied to those on either
side of it anil that the flame, ate a hole in
center, letting the whole cave in.
A fund ha already been started for the
relief of the injured "fireman and the fami
lies of those who an? dead which ha al
ready reached SJ.CO0. Mayor Sullivan
has issued a proclamation calling for subscription-.
The coroner has beeti investi
gating and will bold an inquect tomorrow.
The Bowen Merrill company carried
stock valued at $123,000. on which there
was an insurance of 570.000. The btiihring
wa owned bv Silas C. Bowen and the loss
ou that will be $30,000.
ILLINOIS WHEAT INJURED.
Sprisofield. 111., March 1?. Never in
the history of wheat raising in the tate of
Illinois has the prospects for a good crop
changed more materially than within the
past ten day Up to the th of Mareh the
winter had been mild and the wheat plant
was never in a more healthy and apparent
ly prosperous condition. The plant had
been advanced by the favorable weather
and the time of year having arrived was
just ready for a Vigorous start on a spring
growth. The plant was full of healthy
sap which had raised to such an extent
that it was very susceptible to the hard
frost when it came. The freeze of a week
or more ago was more fatal than was at
the time supposed. In fact the freeze of
Friday and Saturday nights has been even
more severe on the crop than of the prev
ious week. Reports from couatie ia the
central port of tho sstata that earae in on
Saturday indicate that the damage to the
crop is very serious.
FIRE AND AN EXPLOSION.
Millyille, X. J., March 17. At 8 o'clock
this morning fire broke out in a building
used for refining saltpetre at Whithall.
Tatum county's flint glass works. When
the saltpetre house was consumed the
water flowing around the building com
municated with the remaining saltpetre,
causing it to explode with a terrific report,
throwing planks and boards over the roofs
of other buildings, skaking the ground
like an earthquake and shattering the
windows in the large hoc house adjoining
the building destroyed. The firemen had
a miraculous escape from injury. Joshua
Errickson was in the saltpetre house when
the fire started. He was enveloped in the
flames and his hair and clothing nearly
burned off. He was rescued with diffi
culty. STUDENTS' BODIES WASHED ASHORE.
NEW Haven, Conu., March 14. The
bodies of two Yale students, Edwin Rowe,
jr., and Jarius Kennan, were washed
ashore at West Haven today. Howe is a
son of Edwin Eowe, of this city, and Ken
nan, who resided with Superintendent
Shepherd, of the New York & New Haven,
is the son of a western railroad superin
tendent residing at Pine Bluff, Ark.
ANOTHER SLIDE THREATENED.
TROY, N. Y., March 17. There is great
danger of another and greater landslide at
the point where Saturday's occurred here
in which three persons were killed. A new
opening in Warren's hill has been discov
ered. The bank is 5200 feet high and is
crocked for 150 feet along its crest. Should
it. fall it will do great damage. Residents
have leen warned to move. Some have
gone but others remain.
ITEMS FROM KIOWA.
Special correspondence to the Dally Eajlft.
KIOWA, Kan., March 15. The people of
Kiowa are waking up to the fact that
they have the best point of entry to the
Cherokee strip, and they are getting in tip
top shape for the boom that has even al
ready commenced. When one looks at the
map and sees Kiowa's location there are no
questions to be asked, but every one will
readily concede that her location is directly
on the center of the north line of the strip
running east and west and that there is as
large a body of the finest land in the Cher
okee strip directly tributary to Kiowa as
there is to any other city to be mentioned
along the border. The people have alrcady
taken the preparatory step in the way of
a perfectly organized band to enter to
gether with all other good business men
and home seekers the immence rich lands
that lay to the south, east and west
of Kiowa. Knowing personally a
great number of the members al
ready belonging to the organization, I
will say they are among the best citizens
we have anywhere and that whatever in
formation one would receive from their
bureau would be altogether reliable. And
further I predict for the town of Kiowa a
bright future, although she has been
pretty dull for some time. The town is
inhabited by a class of business men and
citizens that when they see mapped out
something as they now do in the line of
possibilities there is ho set of men any
where more equal to the occasion than
those of Kiowa. And the citizens of Kiowa
are free to say that they, together with the
imnienes lands south of them, hope in
the near future to be landing more fat
hogs and cattle than any other country of
equal area.
INCENDIARVSPEECH BYAN"AGITATOR
Berlin, March 17. One hundred and
twenty of tho 400 miners employed in the
Kaiserstuphe mine, at Dortmund, held a
meeting yesterday and appointed Herr
Bhroeder delegate to the International
Miner's conference at Brussels. Herr
Shroeder made an address to the miners,
in which he declared that if matters could
not be arranged peacefully the miners
would seek to establish a universal broth
erhood and inaugurate an international
strike in order to show the world the pov
erty stricken condition which would pre
vail without coal. Herr Shroeder's spf ech
finally became so violent that the police
dissolved the meeting.
The strike of the coal miners in Bruns
wick has ended, the employes conceding
the men a small advance in their wages.
They have, however, dismissed 100 Poles,
who were the ringleaders in the strike.
ENGLISH MINERS GOING OUT.
LONDON, March 17. Ten thousand min
ers in North Wales have joined the strike.
Twenty thousand Tyneside engineers have
also joined the strike. Several mills in
Lancashire have been compelled to stop
work on account of the scarcity of coal
arising from the strike of the miners, and
others are running on short time for the
same reason. The attitude of the miners
varies according to the manner in which
their demands are met by the masters.
Most of the miners who went on a strike
in Nottingham have resumed work, the
masters having conceded an advance of o
per cent in their wages.
Liverpool. March 17. The coal cutters
here have joined the strike.
THE POPE ON SOCIAL QUESTIONS.
Berlin, March 17. Emperor William
wrote a letter to the pope informing him
that Bishop Kopp, of Breslau, had been
appointed one of the German delegates to
the lbor conference, and declaring that he
relied npon the support of the Catholic
clergy in settling the social question. The
pope in reply to the letter thanked his ma
jesty for the appointment of Bishop Kopp
and'indicated tnat himself and the church
had always been interested in the question,
which, he said, would bo best solved by the
application of the Christian principles of
Sunday rest and religious education.
HIGH FEELING AGAINST ENGLAND.
LlsBON, March 17. The action of Mr.
Buchanan in hoisting the British flag in
the Shire district has cansed great excite
ment here. The government lias made a
formal protest to Lord Salisbury against
the action of Mr. Buchanan. The feeling
rnns so high that it is feared an attack
roavbemade upon the BritWi lecation
and" a guard of troops has lieen placed there
to prevent any hostile demonstration. The
cabinet was specially summoned this after
noon to consider tbe summon ot anair.
The newpnper here all clamor for to
m ration of the English occupation of the
tsbire district.
THE NEW CABINET'S POLICY.
Paris, March 17 The new ministry ha
announced the program which it intends
to pursoe. The policy will be one of ac
tive work and political conciliation. The
Republican majority in the chamber of
deputies will be made the pivot npoa
vkirh tko iiriinn of th &mwmnnetlt unit
i turn in the constant effort to prtaect the
mic intereM of the country. Special t
tention will be devoted to the amelioration
of the condition of the laboring ch. e.
ESCAPING OUTLAWS KILLED.
Moxtetista, CoL, March 17. Thucsdiiy
night John McCano. Charks Harris aad
Thomas Culialer. confined ia the eooat y
jail, overpowered tbe sheriff when he came
ia to give them their eveaiag meal aad es
caped. The prboBer started up the Rio
Grande river. Friday morning Sheriff
Hacker with apose started ia porsait.
Yesterday morning at daylight their camp
was discovered. The fagiUvt were called
upon u surrender, but instead ot doing o
tfiev Sred npon the po-e. The sheriff re
turned the arefcho0tic three Maead
kilUnzbfe three oec Nose e the sheriff's
I posse were Us jorwL
A PARTISAN'S PLEA.
3IR. VOOREEES TCASTS TO AVOID
TOLITIGAL ISSUES.
He
Asks the Senate to Give
tentioii to the Eelief
of Lahor.
At-
A Eesolution Offered Eeoiting the Da
pressed Knancial Condition Exist
ing in Agricnltural Districts.
The House Committee Modifying the Win
dom Silver Bill A Eetaliatory Tar
iff Proposed to Meet Canadian
Measures-Eansas Matters at
the Capital, Etc,
Washixgtok, March 17. While peti
tions were heing presented Mr. Cockrell
rose to present remonstrances against the
extradition treaty with Russia, hut was
notified that that was a matter for execu
tive session.
Mr. Test said that ha had consulted with
several of the oldest senators and that
there was a general census of opinion
that they should be presented in executive
session.
Mr. Yoorhees offered the following pre
amble and resolution:
"Whereas, The deep and widespread de
pression and decay of tho agricultural in
terests of the Americau people, the enor
mous and apimlling amount of mortgaged
indemnities on agricultural lauds, the total
failure of home markets to furnish
remunerative prices for farm products,
the palpable scarcitv and insufficiency of
money in circulation in the hands of the
1MUIIVJ . .w ........ --- --
twnrili with wliifll tn trail.Sact tllO bUM-
ness of the country and effect exchanges of
property and labor at fair rate are cir
cumstances of tho most overwhelming
importance to the safety and tho well he
ing of the government, therefore, be it
Resolved; That it is the highest duty of
congress in the present crisis to lay aside
all discussion and consideration of mero
partv issues and to give prompt and im
mediate attention to the preparation and
adoption of such measures as are required
for the relief of the farmers and other
over-taxed and under-paid laborers of tho
United States.
He asked that the resolution be printed
and laid on the table and gave notice that
at the close of the morning hour business
on Wednesday he would ask permission to
submit some remarks to the senate in re
lation to it.
The senate then went into executive ses
sion. The doors were reoponcd at 2:10.
The house bill to extend tho act granting
the right of wry to the Kansas City & Pa
cific Railway company through the Indian
territory was passed.
The urgent deficiency bill was thon taken
up and the following amendments as re
ported by the committee on ap
propriations were amoug others agreed
to: Appropriating ?33,000 additional for
expenses of the international marine con
ference; appropriating ..")0,000 for continu
ing the publication of the rebellion rec
ords: appropriating ?50.0u0 for lxat.stores,
etc., for the new cruisers isnn Francisco
,inl Plitlnrtalntiin. .and for the new mm-
boats Concord and Bennington; appropria
ting $200,000 for public printing.
The amendments appropriating $30,000
for agricultural experimental stations and
$20,000 for preliminary investigations as to
artesian wells were not acted on being laid
over till tomorrow when the bill will again
be taken up.
Adjourned.
RETALIATOBY TAMT
A Measure Whioli "Will Meet Any Tax by
Canada.
WASHINGTON, March 17. In view of in
formation which has been comjuntemd
to members of congress concerning the dis
position of the Ottawa parliament or some
of its members to restore the duties on
certain articles now ou the free list, the
house ways and means committee liave
considered a proposition to provide legisla
tion calculated to meet any emergency
which may arise.
Representative Bitker, of New York, liaa
introduced for reference to that committee
a bill providing that all articles imported
into the United States shall in addition to
the import duties now ate!aed by law pay
additional duty equal in amount to any
export dutv winch may be aitgenMxl on the
shipment of the same into the United
States. It alo provides tlt all article
imported into the United State shall vmj
no le3 rate than is chargeable by the law
of the country of export on like articles
imported into such country from the Unit
ed States.
WESTERN MATTERS AT THE CAPITAL.
Washington, March 17. Fourth class
postmasters were appointed in Kansas at
Jonesburgh, Chantanqna eoonty, J. X.
Yates, vice 13. II. Rogers, resfomed; and at
Maize, Sedgwick county, C. McCnlioagh,
vice M. D. Tapp, resigned.
Old soldier and dependants were award
ed certificates in the Sunflower state as follow-:
Original invalid: Harvey McCordy,
Derby; Milton C HounsaveL Saheths;
Samuel 31. Grimes, Cave Springs; eth
(..ii; :vsin- fi i hmw1i I'aJL.
nm. James K. Graham. Buriinga te; Hi las
li .fara. jscfne wo liy: James tn-mn-ham.
Armourdale. (jeorge Mac-ini r,
hroith Center. Jlevid Penn, Junction City,
Charles F. Ye, Oak Valley. licrear. T.
1 A rkanasfc Citv. James F. Andrew. Corwin:
i John G. Thompson, Mulvane; Charles
O'XeiU, Ellis. Jacob Dilbnas;
j Independence. Tbe ins Brown. Crain
ville. Jamet Hopkins. Dosudassc
John Eli. Ellinwood: Andrew A. Ferry.
National Military home; William Me-
durst, Pittsburg. James B. lJavi. Elk
City: Weniamta i jrrat&er. us erne.
Ketsst w: William Henry Turtle. Arnmir
dale; Phfoeas S. Howell. Norton. Origi
nal widows, etc.: Catherine, widow of
John Buck. Eudors: Xaary M-. widow of
John F. Sawyer, Ulyssas Lydia, mother of
Henry R. More, Qoaae to: Anna Wall,
former widow of John Hick. Wathena,
Kate B., widow of Csorj- F. Stone, Ws
keeney. THEWlHDOtt SH-VERBILL.
WAanf&TO. Mareh 17 Eleven mens J
bers of tbe bouse commute on cotsacc
webt and n-saree were present today
when tbe Wind i silver bill was stpun
under ditensaion. The so-nada rnt of
fered by Mr. Bartme, ass ad anon by the
committee jormally last Monday when
the : was a anutUer stttadaw-, aroviding
for coinaqe when the price of silsr reaches
1 for STLUgnons fine of pure silver, was
voted upon aad adopt ad by a assjarity
vote. Mr. Wittnuas ottered an umasd
meat, which was sdojk a-rfkhaj. oat the
wecaun in the bill aai horfdng -hesseretaay
of the treaea r to twspasd tearporarily the
rac-p - onuym a wj w J"""
ne KSSUOTUKl Hist SOI 1KB r-raRiiuivm n
gfMcoJatit'- Tr.pj3J- t r.f tt- ms'k
taenrkx" 4 -a-.-r i- arrt?nry ::.," u.
Thehih tta wtt ttr ttii tut Uh
sx
. V
BILLS PASSED BY THE HOUSETirfc
WASHDCirroy, March 17. Under suspec
sion of the rules the following hills were
passed by the house:
A joint resolution requesting the prcsl
lent to invite the king of tho Hawaiian
islands to select representatives to the Pan
American congress.
A bill to transfer the revenue cutter ser
vice from tho treasury department to tha
naw department.
A'biil creating the offices of assistant
general superintendent and chief clerk of
the railway mail service.
Tho house then adjourned.
PROTEST AGAINST THE RUSSIAN
TREATY.
WAsnrxoTOK, March 17. The protest
against the ratification of the Russian
treaty which tho senate over President
Pro Tern Ingalls' adverse ruling permitted
Senator Cockrell to present in open session
today was from the Wood Making Ma
chine Hands' union of ;St. Louis. Tho
reasons given for the protest aro that tho
signers consider that the ratification of th
pending treaty would be a mistake becanso
a state without any regular system of
justice, a state in which exile without tho
least judicial process is a governmf ntal in
stitution, can offer no guarantee focaa
honest use of an extradition treaty.
KELLEY'S CONGRESSIONAL ELEC
TION BILL.
Washington,. March 17. Mr. Keiltw, of -Kansas,
introduced a bill in tho hauM to
day to provide for tho election of niomburs
of the hotie. It declares that no state law
or constitution shall deprive a citizen onco
duly authorised to vote for a member ot
the legislature of his right to vote except
upon conviction of felony. Congress is.tO
fix the congressional election dtetriotis in
each state immediately upon tho publica
tion of the census returns and tho determi- i
nation of the basis of representation.
TO PROVIDE FOR DISABLED VETERANS
Washington-, March 17. Senator In-
galls toduy introduced n bill providing
that a soldier who had lost both oyosor
ono arm or leg may get uiarrledwit'any
timo he may so desire, to get some wonian
tn tnV Knm nf !m mill nt IiIa ilnAth tnu
soldier's widow sIihII receive $12 a month
as lone: us she rvumins sinIt. If tho
soldier's wife refuses to live with ami enru
for him he may alter her absence of six
months procure a divorce from any county
court upou tho payment of $5.
WILL EXPLAIN TO THESETTLERS.
Washington, March 17. The secrotary
of the interior has instructed C. N. Davis,,
special inspector of the dopartmont, to pro
ceed to the Indian territory and asshrt tho
authorities in executing tho pnteidcnitVi.
proclamation relative to intruders upon
the Cherokee strip.
Mr. Dans will speak for tho secrotary In
explaining to the proposed settlers the
status of tho legislation affecting those,
lands.
THE BALLOT BOX FORGERY.
Washington, March 17. The investiga
tion by the special house committee lit the,
Ohio ballot box forgery case was continued
this moining. A. C. Sands, Mr. Kurtz,
private secretary to Governor Foraker,
and Representative Grosveuor, were tho
witnesses examined. The "f 8C
testiinouv apparently closed with tho lattor
witness and the comm'ttce went into heoret
session to determine the further procedwro.
The committee adjourned subject to tho
call of the chairmuu.
PROVIDING MANY NEW PENSIONERS.
Washington, March 17. ReprcMtatfo
Morrill, of KnnsaM. today introduced a hill
I providing for u jkt ice pension of $8 pot
mouth to certain wmicre ui wn mm f
and their widows. It enactment law a
law will place 400,000 mkltllonai pfiaa-ffliw
mi the rolls at once ami about 3t,Xeah
year thereafter.
MR. DOLPH'S FRUITLESS LABORS.
WARinxoTox. March 17. Mr. Dofoh
looked weary ami dieoiraged this nltec-
noou when his "leak." investigating con
mlttce closed its anxious hut fruitless 1h
Iwitx. vacated tho room in which it had
leen meeting and nt back to the room of.
the committee on lerntor um iwj
bible on which witnesses had been swoi.
A NEW NOMINATION.
Washington, March 17. Tho prtaHma
today wnt to the senate the foMowfag
nomination:
Frank Barnett, of Missouri, tmpvrfcblK
inspector of steam vessels for the Foitrtia
district (bt. Louisj.
ACTS FOR BRIDGES APP80VED.
Washington, March 17. Th jttmMmi.
lu aiHKtivsd the sets tor the lonstaisettoti
of bridges across the Arkansas rWer hs tks
Indian territory ami t .r on ? uwi, .-
TERRIBLY FATAL FIGHT.
Sax Asgklo. Tex.. March IT.
ShU'lffe and C. I- Broome, of
ronntY. left, here FrWar nheh. was
rams "from El Paso to arrest a Mssctasn
hone thief named A. Tends Dulse saw,
who was lirin wit h his hraUMsr Acspttkxift,
about twenty-flve miles west ot . Oh
reaching Ussir hot a fight eso( wMdt
resulted in both Mexican beta kill- assl
Broowe wcdidne serious wound ta sj
WL-tumbifr gfclelds was also stfcdMtr
shot la tha left hand.
BWTI8H ORAJM TRADE.
London, March 17. Ta Mark L -press
la It weekly twrtmw of tfc IMsftgh
grain trade says: Kudlsh wheats m
weak. Tbe trade In foreign wheat Isslvw
at 6d. decline. Imports fawn -fa Aijpfhju
repobUc assist the depr esakn. Flea haw
decreased ML aad corn 9d. Oats srs firs.
At today s inrMood Kaaftsh wheat wa
steady, the poorer kinds wersocJv salsahfc
at fid. decline. Foreign wheat was nnad
bat fortrf-B soars were yak. Oat and
corn dropped 3d.
Art OLD OFFENDER COMES BACK.
Cbkaoo. lU., March 1I.-D. D. Bfjasisr
to whose had msnagrsas-t was artlrihnsnd
the ruin and n-ery which iullm-mi saw
eoilaass of tbe Cook 'ranty -fatfeasil
bk sod tb HtsU-f-ria-r Uistltaahai h
187? arrived to Ctrira yuaersVqr skr lit
fawace of over thirteen yeans. Thy hv
dirtn-mts whsrh iuitfMndaqatB-i Mass
thrum 4 the Mlora h "
tnckeii trrtn thf doeket. It 1 ant VM I
wnrt&T or not tbe state act-rney will ate
tor their rinstem't
A FIGHT POSTPONED.
BfcOoxuwTON. 11L, March tt.-TtofiaanV
&gfat between Btlly Meyer and Jack Jaaa-
per. of New York, srracod far May L at
Vmm W-tti TV fcaa twa nrlnisai-t as a
dat sanaeqaent to May 7. the date C May
ers finish fight with Andy Bowass
tor tbe West End AUietie etahst3Cr
Urleen. L-
MlrrrE-OCEAH FOUHO-K DCAO.
ClOt ju. I1L. Mareh IT. Mr. Jaanthiia.
Ysaasc Is. a an war, the faaadsr ia aMar
Oesan, wad far very assay yeses sraaal
nOy sneatined wtth the aa- ssnl
wosnerity of CTnraari. dfarf nt ass haasa In
Hyde Park this -asraiag, aa?bd W yens
A RIOTOUS DEMOMerrATKM.
Lrvz-roou Maach 17. The staffing as fc
ia a rtesaas assataaaaanan
sdtv Tartr hna ail af then nasnnW
i --- -- - - -- ,r
ittoanj-hthe Mrv aad the asafe. aha
1 psMeaahm was th vmn at sm4msV4V
"dar Tha sswgfra-ay has hensSasl iLo
I &t at -he ariWtfiry ta yiatam late fmnt

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