Newspaper Page Text
xt fgaicfciia Jpailxj gagle: f iwtlay !p.omiu& f itue 8, 1890
THE ANNUAL SABBATH EXERCISES
FOR THE BOYS AND GIRLS.
inday and the Manner in "Which
Ho V 'ances Are Slade Charming xvifh
erg and Recitations Church
C!!y' h WQS a Pace of terror
Years ago .ho enure. 'lttle oaes Trere teken
to lively chddreu. Thsv thcIr feet
duly to church, whether r couM
the floor or not, and wnethtx Ug num
derstand tho termon, with ?heerweari.
heads, or had to po napping from m
nees. If they played any sly pnu hfch
Jaxed the Gtiffnc3S and decorum w. ,
thought necessary for churcsoers, o..
young, it went bard with tnem.-ior- u
A FLORAL LIGHTHOUSE.
the stately tithing man, whoje duty it was to
remind any youngstar of his churcnly duties
if ho failo J to observe ttaetn. A'CJ r a while
tho ofHce of this functionary was abolished,
but as churches ww still far from comfort
able, unwarmod ani furahrhed with hi-h,
stra'ght benches, an 1 tho pulpit so elevated
that looking up v, a apt to mako young necks
ache and young ayes grow heavy, children
wero not much better oC
Today churches aro well heated, lighted
and furnished, seats arc easier, there is music
to charm childish as well as grown up ears,
and many psfctors speak especially to children
for a few minuted before eacn morning ser
mon. But this is not the best. A whole Sun
day in the year is giver, up entirely to chil
dren. 2o one knovis whore the plan originat
ed, nor whose happy thought it was to have
the day a Sunday in early summer, thus link
ing children with flowers. Somo churches
call it June Sunday, homo Floral Sunday, Lut
whatever the name it is always wholly tho
There artwo thing? inseparably connected
with tho calibration of this day flowers and
musical exercises. The floral decorations in
city church3 arc often lavish and exquisite,
Bomctomes the pulpit platform is enlarged, so
that tho infant class can sit upon it, each
row higher than the oue in front, the chil
dren, Ji their palo colored and white cos
tumes., looking notuulikeaterracaof flowers.
Elaborate exercise sometimes include tho
construction of a largo floral piece, each part
being brought by one pupil and fitted in its
place. It may bo a siiip cr a lighthouse or a
mammoth Bible or perhaps a crous. In many
cases the pieces which form the whole aro
tho gifts of different classes, though some
times thtj ejrpesso i borne by the church.
Several years ago tho pator of a prominent
Methodist clmrca in tnis city preached on
tho morning of Children's day a ser
mon on "Flowers; Their Influence and
Lessonsf the text being "Consider tho
lilies."' Tho afternoon wa.i devoted to
exercises by tho primary department. In
the evening, general eiercisvs of song and
Scripture reaumg, recitations and addresses
took place, tho chief feature of which was
the erection of a miniature floral church on
the platform. Each piece was contributed by
a Sund3' school ckvu. When, finished the edi-
A DKC3HATED WINDOW.
fico was a nretiy Mffht, leing furnished with
nn organ, stained gla- n:nf!ows, lamps andn
Fpiro tweive feet liih, with a b'll. When the
rrofts of bud Jing a3 enied a pupil rociteu
"Summer Cv-:i!."r Musiaj?,1' and, as she
proceeded, the li-rut? of the largo church
were lwr '. tli'w1 in tae miniature on
were lighted, the b-!l bign to pound and th.
organ play?d joftlv. Tl.en an unwiwohon
sang softly, "1 Love Thy Church, 0 God."
As a rule tho majority of flowers an
potted plants re gatusral around the pulpi
but one school at l-st ha1? ailoptetl a plan l
wLich the decoration, the nspense and tl
work rv itribu:4kL Th largo church coi
tr.insjierhap a doin window;, and to eac
pf the several clasps i. assigued tho task n
decorating oue wmdovr as too members s
Bt. If they chxs tnoy can gathor onoug:
flowers to make tu window iato a thing o'
beauty. Daisies form a good background f i
n word in green letter mada of leaves. I
preftrred, th-j g:ii may form tho back
ground and dauues the lst!ffnng. Perhat
one cIrss wul arras a window whoss slan'
ing sill is bankeil in this way, the word "R -joico"
standinj out bo' ihr. Po6oons of greo
nro drapoi abvve, and in tho center is hung .
Ftar of flowers Anotiior window will 1
festooned witn daisy chains and have sever;
baskets of flower hnag vei- vho masses v
roses, edged with smiuix. which form :
covering for tho si'.l. Of course such a pla:
involves tho saenflce of Saturday aftrnoo
by many a boy aud girl, but tho burden o
work thin falls more evenly, and childret
aro doubly interested in what they have ha
a share in doing.
Another feature of Children, day I d
not know whether it should be spoken of uu
der fche head of "decoration" or "music.
perhaps both 1 tho presence of a number c
birds wbeso cages are hnag from the ceihn.
with long wirai. The sound of crgau ar
s.2ging seems to inspire canariss, and the1"
pour out their twetcst songs n Children
day, and contribute no small there to iis plea
Docoradons need sot njl be so elaborate as
thesa csaSd above. 23jejacabJc5Lcri-
Cvf--XV VutV ..?.!'. VWt AMjVM
gregation and S- onday school can ornament
the interior of thi building it occupies per
haps only a scho tl hoose If the boys and
girls aro enlisted t o help in tho work. Arouso
their interest and enthusiasm, and thero is
nothing they will n ot da . Sot them to gather
ing flowers, no matt et how common, provided
they nro pretty. TL w ej ririt of tho day is the
same, whether thode co -ation come from field
or florist. Tho boys a m make tlia frame
work of the floral j ue?e intended for those ex
ercises. This can t azr ered with green and
made to stand upright Si i a shallow box which
forms Its base, the boit 4 o be filled with flow
el's. Let a number of it lembers of the school
come up with a blosta m or a handful of
them, and repeat somevl ling about flowers.
When the base ia compl ted the word Jesui
or Saviour may Le spelli "1 in flowers ofc the
transverse beam of fhe a -oss. If possible, let
the toR behind the csk or pulpit bear tho
inscription: "In the ci "a of Christ I glory,"
made of flowers, or eve fg reens, or gilt paper.
Flowers for this purpo; c can bo made of tis
sue paper, if not too g w dy, though natural
ones are, of coarse, t! e best. As for tho
music, new annuals are provided for this day
each year by leading m wic publishers. The
following selections may 5e of use in tho ex-ercii-e
- ilh the cross. A. each pupil lays his
handl of flowers at tho base, he or she can
glvo one of the quotalk 'ns, adapting it as
nearly as possible to th. kind of flowers
brought. Children takint t part in spelling
out the name on the cross' may repeat verses
of Scripture as they put thei r flowers in place:
Yoar voiceless lips, O flowers, ai v living preachers,
Each cun a DrJnit, evary leaf a book.
Suppling to my fancy nameroi. b teachers
Frora lcnelietrt nook.
'Neath cloistered boughs each floral bell that
And tolls Its perfume on tbe pat ising: air
Hakes Sabbath in tin.1- fields, and ttver ringeth
A call to p.ajer.
The infinite bliss o f natm-e
I feel in every vei ?! j"
Tne light and tho hi e of summer
Blossoms in hesrt i 'od brain.
Bayard TayL jr.
Eut not alone the fairest fiowers;
The merest grass
Along the roadside where we pas l.
Lichen, and moss, and i.turdy woed
Tell of his love who Bends tho dew,
The rain and sunshine, too,
To nourish one small seed.
In all places, then, and in all seasons
Flew err? expand their light and soullik owtngs,
Teaching ua, by most persuasive reasons,
ETow akin they are to human things.
And vita childlike, credulous affection
AVe behold their tender buds expand;
Emblems of our own grvat resurrection,
Emblems of tho bright, and better land.
And all the world with greens that shir.o,
And breaking buds and wings that flit,
Seems one expectancy divine
Of something God has promised it.
t Edgar Fawcett
'Tis heaven alone that i& given away;
Tis only God may bo hcA for the asking;
Jo prico is set on the lavish summer;
Juno maybe had by tho poorest comer.
Flowers are tho grandest thinp' that God ever
inado without putting an immortal soul into them.
Tis summer, glorious summer!
Look to the glad green earth.
How from hor grateful booom
Tho herb and flower spring forth;
These arc her rich thanksgivings,
Their incense floats above.
Father, what mty we offer?
Thy chosen flower is love.
Each day is a branch of the Tree of Life, laden
heavily ith fruit. If wo lie down lazily beneath
It, we may starvo; but if wo shake the branches
some of tho fruit will fall for us. Longfellow.
Our Saviour wore a crown of thorns,
With not one ro&c entwined:
And more did this sad crown adorn
Than that ho lelt behmd;
And gladly did ho press it there,
Upon his prodliko brow,
Knowing that in our path more fair
Would bloom tho roses now.
O, when we rasp tho fragrant flowers
That throw such betutj round.
And murmur midst our blushiDg bowers,
i i ; ' N
HINloCr.K FLORAL CHCEOa.
That st. . a thorn is found.
0 lot us think of hi.n who were
The thsrn without the roea.
And bsar, as patiently he bore,
Our fewe, hghter woes,
Avyrs Isaeci. Willis.
Keep Your Hat Shiny.
"I haven't had my hat ironed since I
bought it twx months ago,'' I heard a
gentleman say as he handed it to tho at
tendant of a well known hat store to
lave it dressed over. "You seem to
u.ive the common idea that ironing
poi!s a siik hat," replied the hat man.
"That is a great mistake. No one wears
.i silk hat over a year, while the ma
jority of men change with the spring
Mid fall stylo. You might iron a hat
evory day for six months without wear
ing off the nap or injuring it unless you
hould bum it in ironing, which rarely
lappens. The heading hat storajsroprie
.ors do not care to disseminate much iu-
ormation on this subject because they
jell hats with a guarantee t iron them
for you at any time free of cost. If it
were not lor the common idea that iron
ing hurts the hat. the stores would bo
clogged with the mere business of iron
flu .ffllM, . i
FASHIONS IN FRANCE.
The 3Ia.rtrs.bo d'A Writes Charmlncly of
tho Gowas of Glitteris;? Paris.
Parts, May 23. Although we have
had the renown of leading the fashion
for so many long years, wo aro not above
adopting a fancy occasionallx from other
Last week I met a charming little
friend of mine, lime, do St. Almy , who ia
a recognized leader of fashion, and she
had on a clan tartan plaid gown, a Mc-
LA EOBE AGLAISE.
Dugald plaid, I think it is called, all
brown and drab, with yellow and red
and green fine s tripes running through
it, and actually tho sleeves stood up to
her ears. Tho go tm was priucesse shapp,
and cut in the bias, with a front of
black velvet and a high collar of the
Other English costumes that are find
ing favor are th e amazones, the wearera
of which are everywhere on the Bois,
mounted on their Bnglifcu cobs and trot
ting along sedately or galloping wildly.
Tho habit w.itli us is English, only that
wo make the skirt a little longer and a
little more tunple, as the scant riding
skirt a i'Ahgl ttiso is not to our taste. Wo
wear tho trc users, io be sure, and the
high hat, but the latter is not so high
this season, as id always has a veil tied
ground it. Tery young ladies wear
jockey caps, trhich are not lovely, but
TiSS .V5U SOJTES.
safer than the high hnits, wliich are so r.pt
to give headacl te. Hal )it basques are quite
a good deal triranied, and suede gloves
arevrim. Tho pontic Duchese de Eligny
wears a dark green habit of cloth, with,
silver buttons, a ad a jockey cap.
PROGRESS OF ENGLISH WOMEN.
Lady Colin Camp bo1! Wriios of tho
Loxdox, May 25.- The American pub
lic, I have no doubt , have heard ad nau
seam of the Priim oso dames and the
Liberal lady canvas, sera. But I wonder
if readers across the waters realize the
amount of knoAvled, je English women
are gaining by their political works? I
would agree with tho most ardent
Liberal in his criticis.21 of all the silly
badges, orders, titles ard insignia of tho
Primrose league, and ai the same time I
would second many of the accusations
brought by the most determined Tory
against the work of Liberal female can
vas?ers; but, as a sincere advocate of
women's advancement, I can not shut my
eyes to the fact that tho edu nation these
women are gaining for theiaiselves sn
education which will redour d to tho na
tion's benent in the future more than
outweighs any injury arisiij g from par
ticular methods or isolated actions.
These political leagues ar? spreading
out all over tho country. "W omen every
where are being brought in contact with
cleverer and more active minds; they
are hearing discussed tho burning ques
tions of the hour; they are being con
sulted as to ways and means of political
work; they are, above all, learning che
value of organized effort. As an earnest
upholder of woman's emancipation
both on it individual and humanitarian
side I sec all thi$ poiitacal agitation
with heartfelt thankfuines. It will
broaden the horizon of the mothsrs of
today, and so secure to the Great Britain
of to-morrow wiser statesmen and a peo
ple more earnest and enlightened.
An effort in practical philanthropy
was recently inaugurated by Lady
George Hamilton in one of the worat
quarters of London. The object is to
start happy evenings for the children in
the public schools. The difficulty of or
ganizing indoor games for boys and glils
drawn from the roughest neighborhoods
led tho association to provide Sited
amusements, such as conjuring and dis
solving views. The immense success of
the first entertainments promises rell
for the future usefulness of the "Chil
dren's Happy Evenings association."'
Editor Did you come up on the ele
vator? Mr. Shakfellow Why, yes. sir.
Editor 1 thought possibly you might
have used the poem. It is light enough.
Exepttnjr to tho R-nlicjr.
Mamma (sternly) Don't you know
that the great King Solomon said, "Spare
the rod and spoil the child?"
Bobby Huh! But he didn't say. that
octii ho-ws? gxowed TJBqck. .
Mm $- v
rf-' i 'JS'A? vJ
'HAT ARE THE RIGHTS ( OF EN
3nco XetrstZic3 "Was tho Same as Mar
riace Eanfifiistlns Cruelty of 3Ion in
Zoedlcssl7 Broatinj aa Ensiement.
Brosusb, of Promise Coses.
Copyright by American rres3 Association.
There is no law in thoeccial code at
once so stringent and so variable as that
relating to the manner of conducting an
engagement of marriage. It is a good
deal like the children's game,
Simon says this!
Simon says thus!
And whether it is this or thus, the play
ers must do exactly as Simon orders.
Sometimes, for instance, Mrs. Grundy
has demanded that betrothals should be
of the most private, almost surreptitious
character; that there should be "an un
derstanding" between the young people,
and a few, a very few, of the bride's
family should be let iato the secret, but
that the world at large should be aston
ished and taken altogether by surprise
in hearing some fine morning tL.it Colin
and Phyllis were married "very quietly"'
at tho bride's home a few days since.
Then Mrs. Grundy takes a French fit,
and tho marriago is to be arrayed be
tween the two families and announced
by a betrothal party given by the bride's
Just now, I believe, it is tho thing for
the girl herself to give a tea to her girl
friends, and receive their congratula
tions and some little gifts, heralds, as it
were, of tho more cGstly wedding gifts
to come, all by herself. In fact, so strict
is the idea of "ladies only" on theso occa
sions that everybody was very much
scandalized by the presence of the Colin
of one of these latter engagement parties.
"So very awkward! So indelicate!"
exclaimed one of tho gue3ts in my pres
ence, and I could not but suggest that
perhaps the fiancee felt that seeing is be
lieving, and wished to prove that her
pretentions were not without foundation.
Tnis parading the engagement and the
engaged is perhaps one extreme, but
certainly a former friend of mine went
to the other when she one day invited
her own mother into her bedroom and,
exhibiting a white silk dress lying upon
the couch, remarked: "That's my wed
ding dross, mother, and I shall bo mar
ried to-morrow evening, here at home."
I always thought if I had been that
mother I would have replied as coolly:
"Oh, indeed! I'm sorry, but I am going
away for two or three days, and shall
start in an hour."
Another New York girl whom I knew
walked out of tho house one morning,
went to the Little Church wo all know
of, was married, bought a paper of choc
olate creams and went home, while her
husband took a train west. Somo months
later he returned to the city, called upon
his wife, and the two together announced
the marriage to tho somewhat astonished
parents of the bride, the daughter re
marking that she "didn't want the fuss
of an engagement."
But it sesmsto me that these secretivo
people lose one of the very prettiest and
most ideal epochs of life, the season of
open and privileged betrothaL One feels
it in reading history and seeing tho
prett- pageant of the fiancailles of somo
fair young princess who returns for
awhile to her fathers house a maiden,
yet bearing somewhat of the sweet dig
nity of matronhood and the honors of
her future rtato.
Li the English marriage service, as
used in the mother country, thero is
provision made for a betrothal sezwice,
to be followed weeks, months, or, as is
now the use, moments after, by tho real
marriage ceremony, and at one wed
ding whereat I assisted in London the
man and maid stopped at the entrance
of the choir and there "gave their troth"
before proceeding to the altar steps,
where they wore married.
It sooms to me that if some pretty
daughter of Murray Hill were to tjt tho
fashion of going to church and being be
trothed, and then having a recep&on in
her father's house, it would be received
as a quaint and original idea and set a
All pretty ideas, however, may be ex
panded like bubbles until they burst,
and this lias been. There was a period
when betrothals, especially in Scotland,
were looked upon in nearly the same
light as marriages, aud great immorali
ties sprung from them. One of Sir Wal
ter Scott's novels, "The Monastery," I
believe, turns upon this idea, tho be
trothed pair calling themselves "hand
fast" and openly living together.
The same abuse of betrothal is brought
I forward in Wilkie Collins novel of "The
Cloister and the Hearth."' one of the befit
stories he ever wrote. In fact, the mar
riage records became fo obscure and so
vague in consequence of this abuse of
betrothal that the Scottish law waa
obliged, in defense of the righta of prop
erty, to ordain that any couple calling
themselves man and wif, or even living
together in those relations, were actually
to be held as such, although no marriage
ceremony had been imposed upon them.
The privileges and rights of betrothed
lovers hav3 been, and perhaps are. aa
vague as the importance of betrothal.
We shall all agree that Scott's hero, and
othera like him, pushed both rights and
i privileges to an' undue extent, but on the '
other hand I heard one lady boast that
her husband had no more than kissed
her hand before she waa married to him,
and a man of my acquaintance bemoan
ing his unhappy marriage said that he
knew nothing at all of his wife's character
until it was too Iste, for thoy had only
been alone twice before their wedding
day, and at home she was effaced by her
clever and managing mamma.
But very few. either of men or maids,
would be content with such a cool and
formal engagement as these, and how
ever they bttgin, they generally manage
as time goes on to secure some private
interviews, and I dare say to indulge
in some caresses a little warmer than
the kissing of ha&is.
It is the nature of man to pursue, and
and it cmght to be the nature of woman
ily, ani to keep on flying as long as
the purssit casiHra&g: sad let me tell
you in your ear, my dear, that it is the
very bes; way to keep up his interest in
the pursuxt; but stiJ a loving and con
fiding young girl does noS always copy
too closely tho maimers ci Disss, who
had Act&eo kotzHicd to death for peep
ing s.z her is the bath, nor c Atlanta,
who exrx-icec all tho golden cpples in
divertiag her preusuds. from tie chzee;
:weet triSos, .and wero after all none the
worso off for it
Yea, lovera will demonstrate their
love, I suppose, and for my part I agree
with the old e3savi3t, who says: "All
men lovo a lover," and always feel very
indulgent toward any of their sweet
follies which come under my notice
Still I do want to say ono little word to
the dear girls whom I love and admire
so heartily, and it is this:
Keep yoar place. The time of be
trothal is the timo of your greatest
power and authority, at any rate, unlp.re
as a wif o you earn for yourself a place
that many wives never attain. But now,
now while you are promised to this man,
and not yet in his power, while he still
clothes you with the shining robe of an
ideal, and familiarity haa not as yet be
trayed the fact that you are after all
only an ordinary woman, now, when he
may not be with you at all timee, and
spends much of his absence in reviewing
the last interview, now is the time if
you are wise, and hold yourself steadily
in hand, keeping your own place and
keeping him in his, that you may estab
lish yourself in a position with regard to
this men which you need never less.
Don't be cold, or unsympathetic, or
prudish and old maidish, for no real man
can enluro that and keep his love; but
never como down from your throne to
sit at his feet; never lay aside your royal
robes of maidenly reserve and sensitive
purity; never fail to respect yourself and
you will never lose his respect, and there
is absolutely no foundation for enduring
love but respect; believe me. for it is true.
Men talk of liking women whose heartB
outrun their heads, who have no will
of their own, who are liko wax in their
hands, etc., etc.; but although they may
eagerly seek these pretty dolls for an
hour they soon weary of them, and if
they ever marry the wedding day is tho
end instead of the beginning of tho love
stoiy. Bo wise, my little girl, be wise!
Recognize your own strength and your
own power and make the most of it;
hold yourself back and your lover will
pursue; remain queen of your own posi
tion and ho will make you queen of his;
come down from your own placo and Lay
yourself at his feet, and ho will rest his
foot upon you, and believe it is the
natural and right thing to do.
I have a theory of my own, that if a
man breaks off his marriage engagement
it is almost always the girl's fault. She
has been either too hard or too soft with
him, either chiliad him into the convic
tion that she is heartless and devoid of
tenderness, or she has valued herself so
lightly that he has learned to hold very
cheaply what is so lavishly bestowed.
And yet I condemn very seriously tho
man who for less than the gravest causes
will break off his engagement to the girl
ho has seriously invited to become his
wife. Nothing is more damaging to a
girl in a social point of view than to havo
been jilted, and although she may not
be at all to blame in the matter, or at
most havo only shown errors of judg
ment and self management, sort of
stigma attaches to her in almost every
circle of society, and another man is less
likely to s?ek her in marriage. Tho man j ..j make "clothes except my out
is not injured, nor are his cnancos of rifle jacket. I buy the jacket ready made
subsequent marriage affected at all, . and cheap. It takes several weeks to buv
whether it is he or she who breaks off
tho engagement, and for that reason it
always seems to me that if an engage
ment must be broken tha man should
hae the chivalry to take tho odium of
being discarded upon his own shoulders,
and declaro the young lady to have been
I am always so sorry when I see in tho
papers that some girl, or perhaps some
widow, is suing a man for broach of
promise of ni&rriagc, for I always im
agine it to be tho Huicidal axpression of
angry pride and wounded love, self love
as well as other love, and that the poor,
hot tempered, dererate creturo has
only seized upon the weapon nearest at
hand wherewith to strike at the man she
still loves, and is so bitterly ashamed of
herself for loving.
One class of women take to horsewhips,
and one to pistols, and one to the law,
and one to resolute defamation, and I
am sorry for them all, for I am sure they
never would so disgrace themselves ex
cept in the extremity of great suffering,
and I know that in the very nature of
things their revenge, however successful,
will entail more suffering in the end.
And I am sorry, too, for the more digni
fied and patient victims who say not a
word and do not a thing, but draw the
robe close over the bleeding wound and
dance, and sing, and smile in calm do
fiance of their own breaking hearts and
Yes. I pity these, but I hardly know
whether I pitied a lady, now dead, whom
I used to know. She was engaged to a
man whom she not only loved, but re
spected and admired, and who eeemed,
as til the world said, the one man in the
world whom she shonid marry. A noble
position was offered to him, and he went
to Spain to make arrangements for ac
cepting it and to prepare a homo for his
bride. One of the Eudden f overs of the
country seized upon his unacclimated
system, and in three days he was dead.
His bride to be mado little open
Lament, but in the same day she heard
the news set off to visit a sistr in a
distant city. When she came home she
was dressed in widow's weeds, and al
ways wore them until the day of her
death, somo twenty yare later. She waa
a8 cheerful, always silent, alwaya
gently reserved, tender and loving to
those who remained, but never pre
tending to any other placo than that she
had aisumed a w:jpow in heart if not
It wag, perhzpa, the happiest Ufa she
could have ehoeen.
Mr. SmitheT9 (on being asked if he
objected to wigs) Why, I'd sooner dye
than to wear one.
Mrs. Snoopers (who cant tell & joke, to
gentleman wha has joined group to ask
what the fen is about) Why, some one
wanted to know of Mr. Smithsrs if he
would wear a wig, end he declared that
death wculd be preferable. Harpers
Sea.tr Hocr'i Wit.
The old senatorial tradition that Sen
ator Hoar never appreciates or perpe
trates a joie has been fotmd to be a
myth. Dtrrmg Senator Jon' exhaust
ive speech en the silver question ha re
ferred, to the fact tha; -way bade in the
ancent daysctfh eld coacxaQswealth of
Massachusetts sjrsrJtT.s were exsd s
money. Mr. Hoar nodded bia veoeraile
head in approval and whispered to Sen
"Yes, and very jpsd money it waa,
too If n. Txmnn in " d-T -nraTf
-, m m .v. t,-
ai anr-rjPyf Z?t .fJMo
EVERY MY ffiO? GIRLS.
HOW ONE LITTLE WOMAN MAN
AGES TO LIVE ON $4 A WEEK.
What She Does in tho Evoninj and Uott
Sho Dresses on SI. 59 u Week JtLst the
Story of Thousands ot "Working Girls
in the Lare Cities.
How girls manege to live respectably and
dress decently on a salary of 4 or $8 per
week used to be a mystery to me. Yester
day I solved the problem or rather a work
ing girl solved it for me. I was seated be
fore a counter in a Sixth avenue dry goods
shop selecting fancy handkerchiefs, Tha
salesgirl who was selling them was a pa
tient little creature, with sad blue eyes and
a drawn axpression about her mouth that
did not belong to youth, but rather to that
later day when reality forces it3elf upon us
and we feel the monotony of a routine ex
istence. Her hair was fair and brushed
smoothly bank from her face, and she was
dressed neatly in a plrin black gown.
"Do they treat you well hero?" I asked.
"Of course," she leughed cynically, and
commenced to beat a tattoo wi'.h her fin
gers on the box cover beoide me. Thero
was that in her manner which told me
more plainly than words that I might quiz
her all day without receiving: any jsatisfac
tion, so I told her what I wanted to find
"Very well, but you will not tell my
name. I should get discharged if the firm
knew I had talked to customers. They aro
very strict about that," she answered. I
promised eternal secrecy, and that neither
hor count- nor the shop in which she
worked should be mentioned, and that not
knowing her name, I could not repeat it.
"How long have you been in a shop?"
was my first question.
"Over four years," she answered.
"What is your salary.8''
"Four dollars per week."
STRETCnnTG FOUR DOLLARS.
"Do you live with your parents or do you
"How much docs your board cost you?"
"The people where I am staying are
friends. They have a flat. I havo a little
room, and I havo whatever they have to
eat. I am like one of the family."
"How much do you pay for your board?"
"Two dollars and a half a week."
"And vour laundering?"
"They let mo use tho stationary tub and
I do it myself.
"How about your clothes? You seem
"I make them all myself in tho evening
after my work is done."'
"And your hats ard gloves and shoes.
How do yon manage to buy those things
with only $1.50 a week?"
"I buy glares when we have a sale and T
can get a pair cheap. I pay fifty cants a
pair for gloves, and one pair lasts mo three
months with mending and care."
"Bat your hats"
"I buy a cheap hat, bend it into a new
shape and sew tho trimming on myself."
"And your shoes how mcch do they cost
"Shoes are expensive. It takes two weeks'
savings to buy a pair of shoes. I pay ?3 a
pair, but they last for six montlis."
"But where can you find money enough
out of your wages for bobe, heavy skirt.
! J" nd linon for outaide garments aud
ono, bnt It Lists a long time. I mako my
own summer dresses of dark gioghams.
They are cheap, look neat and wear a long
time. I also make up m own linen. I
buy cheap stockings and keep them
"Do yon fit your own waists?"
"Yes, I have a, paUcrn that isinstmy
measure, and then I buy jerseys to wear in
the store.' i
"How do you spend your evenings? !
Don't you go out at all?" I
"Sometimes. I have many friends, but
sewing takes up most of my time. Some- !
times I go to the theatre with a lady friend.
We Bit in the gallery and it only coBta us I
25 cents apiece. She pays her faro and I
pay mine. But wo don't go often because
it is bo Iato when we get homo and the next
morning we are tired. Besides, my sowing
wouldn't get done." j
"How do you spend Sunday?" i
"I lio abed Sunday morning it Is tho '
only morning I can rest, and I sleep most
of the day. In the aftmioon I read tho
newspapers and at night go to church."
SUBSTITUTE FOR IIAPPIKESS.
'This is your dally life are you happy?"
"I'm used to it."
,rWhat do you look forward to?"
"Nothing," sho answered, dejectedly.
"Have you no ambition?"
"What good woukl it do me? I am not
educated, but I am sensible.'
"Don't you look forward to any happi- i
ness most girls have sweethearts and look
forward to a home of their own they plan
their wedding dresses and have never to
be fulfilled dreams of happiness in mar
riage" "I have no sweetheart and I never dream
I don't have time during the day and at
night I am too tired."
"May I call at your homo'"
"You may come if yon want to, but my
salary is all the assistance I want. I want
nothing I do not earn."
I admired her independence, yet asked
for her address, notwithstanding her re
fusal of assistance. She wrote it on a slip
of paper her name I will not mention.
Hex address was on 2Tinth avonue, near
Lust evening I called at the girl's home
rather boarding place. It was a tene
ment house fiat, in the fifth story of a
gigantic block. I paused at each landing
for sufficient breath to mount another
flight, and was at last admitted to the
"I have been trying to think just what I
pay for CTerrthinc.' she said, rr ferring to
a shp of paper she carried "I py $5 a
year for shcea; $2 for gloves; H for two jer
seys; $12 buys me four gingham dreiaes
and fixings; 57 buys both summer end win
ter hata for one ywir; my Ihoea and flannels
cost about Bfc handkpTchlefa. fcoso. ribbons i
and TOchinzs, Wt two cashmere drezsen. !
$10 one for best, cme for rrerj day and I
wear jersey wait. and rar the made one,
and the rest I spend on car fare and Christ
mas presents for th ekiJdren. I forgot to
say my out&ids jacket cost 510, bat I
bought h winter before Usu."
Loser she offered to show me her room,
A swish ci white ttrietz tied with a bow
of red ribbca waa hong ccrce tb top of a
ezosJI looking ch, there was a single
bodstfted, a comocde of pine, tb top of
which held a hedn and pitcher, and the '
row of drawer fccisnr heid ih'i persoaa!
effect cf the philopbicU giri. There
w?i a chair the vkX of which hsli. a chintz
cushion. Tits wa effered nvs, the girl
seating herself en tb f4go of the bed a4
she talfc&d- Kew Yo Pras.
FHYSJOLOGY AND HYGIENE.
arnihlnc; Hayr5 &m KoaCi Ca&M of
Zeea7 of Cm Tth,
Dr. SeaacB Sjdcer. cf lendoa, la a recent
yaper road be tia QcxoicgLl aoci
rry, remnrkftd trpaa 5 fiaucaey with
which ke bad foss r0C3 teh aaed
Htd wt A ebfagegea qg Ua pkarjnx ad
tslanrsd toosSe; ai Hh es tki b had
Biie it ajoqttapi iactk to cmt the
teeth n ail esjCctSSBil CixASeSca, and
s belig7edtfeatXhjraSaa TgjsSoa b
twa-fiesn-ozi4iifi-fiaH' i r ceSnlaa
somo cases ofvao!toI arcTi, narrow jaws,
and irregular tth and nasal obstruction.
Normally wo should breathe through tha
nose, so as to warm sn niter tho air re
spired, All apitn ssvago rac83 and young in
fant3 do so; but a largo number of adults
of civilized nations breatho through tho
mouth, because thoy havo some obstruc
tion of the nasal passages, erectile tumors,
permsnast catarrhal affections, polypJ.
pest-nasal adonid growths, etc Mouth
breathing, ho said, as a predisposing caus4
Df caries of the teeth, cams into action in
various ways. Tho teeth -rrore exposed to
a current of air of a much J$?er tempera
ture than that of tho body, which would
tend to causa inflammation of tho perios
teum and pulp of a tooth; the cold, dry air
produced congestion of the mucous mem
brane, with a secretion of stringy acid mu
cus, and the rapid evaporation of water
which takes place when the mouth Is con
stantly opoa inspissated this mucus, which
so formed a fertile soil for the development
Again: When sleeping with the mouth
open, the tongue foils back, and the parotid
secretion finds Its way directly through tha
pharynx Instead of bathing and washing
the teeth. With reference to tho so called
V-shapod maxilla, Dr. Spioer thought that
many cades might be traeed to mouth
breathing, the muscles of the check press
ing unduly upon the soft alveoli when tho
mouth is open.
A peculiar affection of the fingers has
recently been observed in Franco among
persons engaged in manufacturing candied
fruits. Tho sides of the nails become loos
ened and raised up, tho nail turns black,
and in the worst stagas a painful swellmg
appears at the base of the nail. Tha nail
becomes scaly and roughonod and broken
Idio pieces, but dees not fall entirely off.
Whan confectioners work is discontinued
the disease soon passes awy, bnt lcavi
the finger wide and Oat at the end and tho
nail deformed. Dr. Albtrtin, of Lyons,
says that among ths large number of candy
factories which he has visited he has not
found oue in which from ono to three
workmen wero not suffering with the dis
ease. It has been suggested by Tho Medical
Surgical Ilsportor that the cnuro of tha
trouble may be found in the various sub
stances, such as miillio, tsrUrir and citric
acids, employed in the manufacture of
i candies, and in alternately putting tho
j hands into hot and cold liquids. It would
bo interesting to know whether this dls-
cao exists among the numerous confeo-
tioners of this country.
Mill: Prepared for Feedlny Infants.
A writer in The Pharmaceutical Journal
gives tho following formula for preparing
cow's milk for feeding infanta:
Finely ground oatmeal, 1-4 gradually In
creasing to 1-2 ounce; fresh butter, 1
drachm; milk sugar, 2 drachma; fresh
cow's milk, 6 fluid ounces; pure water, 4
fluid ounces; salt, 5 grains or a sufficiency.
Mix gradually tho vater with the oatr
mcaL milk sugar and salt, so that no
lumps aro formed in tho mixture, then add
the milk and butter, and hoot to the boiling
point in a clean, cnometcoTjsnuoepan. The
product should bo cdo up to tho tncaeura
of half a pint, ii nocnaaary, and given luke
warm with u spoon when required. Tha
oatmeal has boon found to act aa a laxa
tive and also as a direct fat and hoat pro
ducer in tha proccOT o? digestion, Tho
process of fcii:ur with a snoon b at first
troublesome, but it b to bo preferred to tha
use of a feeding bottlaif care be taken to
have all tho vessels employed scrupulously
iMeacant Christening unci Etrthatjty Oo
torai Obwrrnd by- Jtlanj- People.
Christening ceremonials am tworjmlmj
more aud mora boairtaf ni each year Mid tho
ccDtom of making h chiJd'u christening
pleasant family celehrataon, aa well ns a re
ligious ccrwmony, groWH in favor.
According to the siocid etiquette of New
York, tho formality most in favor is the
giving of a reception; tho hours are fixed
from 3 or A o'clock until C p. in. It Is
equally proper to vrri to the invitations or
to order thorn engraved In hcript.
The cnjrraved form Is scarcely varied
from the following:
id. AJ-D CU1K. Jinn JX&KJCJI
reqerst the honor of your prvstuioe at th
chrtetunlnc of their oon (or dazjiotv)
at 6 o'clock, TfJooidaj, llajr 20.
Reception rocn 4 to 6.
No. 101 Bt. J tram ttrnet.
This card receiver an early ruipoiuse.
Flowers ornnment the houva CuitcfuUy
and perhaps e)alontily The gnestn all
arrive in rcceition or visiting toilet before
5 o'clock, and meet the bout and hcttwui
just as they would at any recHption, Sorno
times there Is a band of music, but oftener
a pianist and a quartet of singer aelectfd
from among the friends or lannpeoplt of
the child There is a temporary font ar
ranged in a prominent position in the room.
A small round Sable or pedeslei at chosen.
and upon its center Is pUced a silver bowl
or goblet, or ono of glasa. The edge of tho
pedestal is hung with vine and the top of
the pedestal Is built np to fthe rim of the
bowl with white flowem. At 5 o'clock tba
child is brought to the parents, who stand
by the font, and tho clergyman goes
through the formalities of hi own church.
Directly after this congn t nj i rioaa are of
fered to the father and mother, th child. Is
petted and admired or it is removed to ito
own apartment, according to it desire or
aversion for sodefcy. Krfrcaaxnents ant of
fered in at any afternoon entertainment,
and they are usually of a richer quality
than are provided sXan informal reception.
The birthdays of children are celebrated
In New York more and mor aftr the cus
toms of Europeans. A little tt k made
for the child, bat the inrrtatlocji reldom
extend beyond a number tlt may be seat.
ed at table. Tho feat bt djtfatyaad plenti
ful, and its enpeeUJ cbaraeterbttSc is a cake
in which are izaboddwl (a little tin tubes
near the unter rfrn of the cake; as many
fancy wax candles a are the years of the
young peraoo to whose honor the party is
given. They ar already lighted when the
young people ere invited faato the baztqueV
Ing tpartmot. After the food bt eatra,
the one who fe oelebmxing tfcirtaday cuta
th cafe. If be or she in old ceoi, and
oiece b) jdven to
tjch rraenrt. Plays or
rvz. Srtsta are net
dances follow the
expected to make present. Tiieso little
celebrations continue aanoally tQ th
child I old aumsh to enter aoeiety.
"XI Eat Tm AU.
A jeweler nt la LftwreaasbarR; O
missed eevrral valftStiSe atcrocs early en
morning, aoj eocJdat nuuw.nl tsr their
dirapp-agcoce, for ba La only opened th
sfcf e a fxw momenta btfero. Ob rearshed
in rain for theza. and tbra fconlnz t hia
three yesa-cli baby, who had been nxzrsiag
about, avksd: MWbee sx tae Bttl
thinjP' "Afe est 'era all," waa tha baby!
answer, A physician waa tx ecce caxo
moasrd. H did set think-xry eeriotrs re-rertwcuH&Bo-iT
the ccrsilylm. An est
azeinatkra g the trayihow&d tfc U pesrb
and five diexasads had bera BwxKowodbr
tha cnfkL PhDaieiphU Lsdrr.
A criminal wheaa day cf eTtrrr!io hid
arrived tm askai j his jafLerif ha Lad
any last izrror to ok,
"l Lavevtfr," told tha eaadoaneil ma,
"arad tt k a ncrj j&dktJoT, tsijacd.0
"l iassisJsr&srput'M to eaO
TcJ-r gsgtgd haJsDe& Sefe7,
&sj -ttbl Tip i!&JarvBsswfrrGK- irthar,
" VtcEiaitl -2jrr rtrrTi nn m. T.toti