xt WiXtixW Jte'Iij fpcglc: jglhtcscTatj Ploruiug, gulg 12, 189.
31. Ji. JITKDOCrc. l.-Jitor.
STATE REPUBLICAN TICKET.
Associate Justice W. A. JonsToK
Governor E. IN. Mokkixi
leut. Governor J. A TroctmaX
Secretary of Slate V. O. Edwakds
Auditor of State Geo. E.Cole
State Treasurer Otis L. Atitortox
Attorney General F. B. Dawes
bupt. Publiclnfatruction E. fcTASLEY
First District Case BnoDEurcK
'Jbird District S.S. Kikki'.vtrick
Fourth District Ciiarles Curtis
Fifth District Vr. A. Caldekhkad
Sixth District A H- Ellis
fceventh District Chester L Long
Congressmen at Large. It. W. Blue
REPUBLICAN STATE PLATFORM.
Ke-affiruiins tha Itepnblican national plat
form of 1682, m , . ...
Resolved, First: That the constant patriot
ism of onr party is in itself a guaranty to the
nation tl at the interests or its defender-,
their widows and orphans, will be liberally
Mredforand we denounce their cruel and
deliberate betrayal by the present DcinocraUC
becond: AVe adhere to the Republican
rloctrinc of protection, and believe that tariff
laws shoul; protect the products of the farm,
as well as of the factory.
Third: 'Ihe American people favor bi
metallism and the epu'illcan party demands
Iheuseofbotb gold and silver as standard
monev. with such restrictions and under
such provisions, to be determined by lesi-Ia-Uon,
as will fcecuro the maintenance ot the
pantvof values of the two metal--, and that
1 he i.iirchasing and debt, paying power of the
collar, whether of gold, si'ver or paper, shall
be at all times equal. The intere-ts of the
producers of the country, its farmers and its
working men. demand that the mines be open
ed to thecoinape of the tilver of the mines
of tho United States, and that congress should
mad a law levying a lax on importations of
i eign silver sullicu-nt to fully protect tho
productaor our own mines.
b ourt h: We favor national ard tate legis
lation for the encoutagemtnt of irr gation.
Fifth: We denounce the present folate ad
ministration for Ms violation of t Jaws and
con' empl of the court, the corruption and
Incompetency of its officials, lis gros mis
management of the Mate institutions, and
for the discredit it has brought ujion the
good name of the stat e. And we pledge the
Republican party and the nominees of this
convention to a taithf ul and economical dis
charge of all official duties and to a stiict
observance and an honest enforcement of the
laws, and to obedience to the mandator of the
Hxth: To the maintenance of these princi
ples we invite the support of all patriotic
Chester L Long, Republican candidate for
congress in the Big Seventh, will speak at tho
Greeusuurg Saturday, July 21, 2 p, in.
Meade Monday. July 23, 2 p. m.
Liberal Tuesday. July 24. 7:30 p. m.
C imarron Thursday. July 26, 2 p, m.
liLin Friday, July 27, 7.3J p. m.
TJlj f-ses Saturday, July 23. 2 p. m.
Santa Fc Mondaj, Juh oU, 2 p. in.
Uugoton cdne-day, August 1, 2 p. m.
Richfield Thursday, August 2. :! p. in.
Johnson City Iriday, Augusts, 2 p. m.
Syracu-e- baturdaj, August 4, 2 p. m.
Garden City-Monday, August 0. 7:M p. m.
Dodge Cit Tuesday, August 7, 7:30 p. in.
Kinsley Wednesday, August 8, 2 p. d.
Jetmore Friday, August 10, 2 p. m.
Larned Saturday, August 11, 2 p. in.
La rossc Monda, August 20, 2 p. m.
Tribune Tuesday, August 21, p. m.
Leoti Wedne-day. Augu-t 22, 2 p. m.
Prott Ihurday, August 23, 2 p. in.
Dighton Frleay, August 24. 2. p. m.
Incus City XUurday. August ', 'J p. m.
Coldwater Monday. August 27, 2 p. m.
Afchland Tuesday, August 23, 2 p. in.
Governor "Wailc lias been declared un
der martial law. Poor old man.
"We may not have despotism in this
country, but Dobspotism is very near it
The English language appears to bo
about to Buffer from a visitation from the
old word "chaos."
Peffer has had his little say and now
he will retire into the dense solitudo of
his own whiskers.
Anyhow, Grover is somewhat better
at restoring order than he is at restoring
dun colored queens.
If Bill Hackney isu't careful the Re
publicans of Kansas will have to declare
him under martial law.
The country is down with a case of
general Debsility. And Uncle Sam may
have to administer iron pills.
Tho great west, always free and Dem
ociatic, is Buffering. The plutocratic
east, hasn't had a hair turned.
Speaking of Debs' anatomy, it is quite
posoible that his biter is about three
Sizes too large for his masticator.
General Lew "Wallaco is organizing
militia companies in Indiana. Ho be
lieves a short civil war is imminent.
During all tho riots not a bomb has
been thrown. The Anarchists are, after
nil, capable of learning a thing or two.
Before the Knights of Labor get
through with Sovereign they will bo
hunting up Powderly to beg his pardon.
Old General "Weaver lias spoken a few
tvords and is now calmly waiting for
Ihe United States troops to come and
D bs finally lost his temper and said:
'It is a question of force and absolute
force at that." All Uncle Sam says to
this is: "Tur, tut'
Foreign potentates are afraid of the
J ued States army. But their uubjects
u ho mottle in this country do not appear
to respect that army.
"Of course 1 have no grievance against
you," said a man yesterday, knocking
(mother down and jumping on him.
But if you fight back I will have"
The test is on. The Knights of Labor
Uro out The lab ? leaders &hould try
their strength. But they will have to
do it without the aid of Arthur, Barrett
Sargent and Gompers.
Remember that the government of
this couniiy was set up simply to look
pretty, You can walk nil over tho au
thorities and stone i.s soldiers that is if
you aio nnxious to die.
"What is keeping oil Anarchist Altgeld
awake- at night is that ho knows that
Grover Cleveland's extended title i
president of the United Sta es and pro
visional governor of Illinois.
There are evetal foreiguerc in Chi
cago, princii ally Pollacks, ho go out
every morning betore hre-ktnst and
wipe several Un ed States regiments off
the eaith sirgle-hand d and alone.
Speaking of war, an internecine induF
trial confl.ct is an entirely new thing.
Industrial forces turned against the in
dustries by which they have subsisted
would be wholly a fresh subject for
TRIUMPH OR GO DOWN.
The strike, in the absence of subsequent
outrage and bloodshed, would have
proved grotesque, because of its want of
sense and its undue proportions. There
was no controversy between the A. R.
U. and their employers, as not a mau
was discharged upon the one hand, nor
any increase of wages demanded on the
other. Everything was running as
smoothly a3 possible, considering the
direful stress of tlie times, which have
been rendered almost disastrous through
the partisanship of the party in power.
Strikes ordinarily originate in tome
specific cause or from some well defined
grievance. The coal strikes of last spring
were wholly warranted. Every coal
miner in the United States would have
been justified in striking against tiie un
righteous combine which, taking advan
tage of the rime, undertook to rob the
miner by cutting his wages on the one
hand, and on the other hand, to rob the
consumer by forcing up the price of
coal in the market But the Debs strike
seems to have been one of personal
aggrandizement and for political pur
poses. The Pullman incident was but
an opportunity aud a pretense. There
was undoubtedly a grievance at the
Pullman shops; certain it is that there
was a disagreement. And public sym
pathy was with the men who struck.
But the strike Leing made thero was no
attempt to replace union men
with scabs. The shops were sim
ply closed, which settled it.
Debs' action was not only the reopening
of a case where a "walk out" and a
"close up" had occurred, but the involv
ing of tens of thou-auds of others who,
by no action of theirs could reach the
closed factory at Pullman. Tiiere is no
way to force a man or company that has
been closed out to open up and resume
aain. Debs from his desire to
earn his ten thousand dollar salary, or
his ambition for notoriety, has
given oig.inized labor the worst blow it
ever got. He forced his organization into
a contest in which they must ti iumph or
go down, and ia order to triumph gov
ernment itself would have had to yield
its prerogatives. Victory under such
conditions was impossible. As for Sov
ereign, he is but an irresponsible blath
erskite who was no moro fit to succeed
Powderlv than he would have been to
succeed Benjamin Harrison. While
Debs has openly advised peace.Sovereign
would secretly instigate war. Instead
of proving a contest to settle a grievance,
or an effort to secure arbitration between
labor and capital, it is one of the sov
ereignty of law aud tho claims of or
ganized labor, tho cause being a closed
WHAT DOES DaES MEAN?
"William Skakel went on Debs' bond.
Who is "William Skakel? "William Fitz
gerald went on Debs bond. "Who is
Billy Skakel is the bos3 gambler of
Chicago. He is enormously rich. He
has bought up the city auihorities of
Chicago time out of mind. He is "pro
tected" by the present city government
He is a low-baowed, vicious rascal who
is known and feared by every petty
thief, every footpad, every confidence
man, every burglar and every gambler
in Chicago. He keeps his women and is
constantly stupid with drink. He lives
in tho First ward of Chicago the busi
ness district of the city. He is known
to every citizen of Chicago because they
have been fighting him for years and
have only beaten him by the circum
stance that he ana the notorious Jliko
ilacDonald fell .out
Who 13 "William Fitzgerald? Ho is
"Black Bill" Fitzgerald. For many
years he wad tho partner of Alike Mac
Donald in all his career of nefarious
work. There is not a pulpit in Chicago
from which "Black Bill" has not been
denounced. One year ago last spring
ho ran for assessor in the South town
and though other Demociats wcro
elected, "Black Bill" was too much for
the people to stomach.
"What does Debs mean by accepting
bail from these men? Are they his
friends? Does he not know that the
world judges men from the company
they keep? Does he not realize that by
accepting the aid of these city outlaws
he is insultiug every one of his fol
lowers? How does it come that Debs is on such
terms of intimacy with these two men
that they wili come forward with bail?
In this connection the story of Debs'
term at Dwight, his temporary cure of
drunkenness and his subsequent back
sliding does not sound well.
It is also announced that Clarence
Darrow is to defend Debs. Who is Dar
row? Personally, theie is not a more
moral man in Chicago.
But DaiTOw is an outspoken Anarchist
and no paity has the couarge to nomi
nate him for any position. His political
feelings are dangerous. He is a politi
cal champion of Governor Altgeld who
is nothing more tnau an Anarchist
Debs has imbutd most of lib followers
with the idea that he is houest and
patriotic What does he mean by train
ing with theo people.
Perhaps the mot indignant citizen in
tho country is E. V. Debs. His career,
so briliiautly bep:un a fortnight ago,
ends in his arrest anl finds him, bap and
baggage, in the hands of the federal
court During his brief reign ho has is
sued his orders and fulminated his plans
to mi awe-struck world the dictator of
his union and the legulator of the com
meice of tho country. It has been a
brief campaign of parade and strut He
has, no doubt, felt the swelling en
thusiasm of greatness thrust upon him,
bur, like the effervescent things of this
world, he went up with a pop phiz and
came down with a dull thud. Had w
exercised the precaution to put two
thoughts together he would have dis
counted the fatal results of stop
ling the Untud Slates mail. H
must have known that it im
perilled the interests of evsnbody
Even th members of his own ord-'r
mut eat, and lie Luew, if 1m? knowbaay
tlnir, that a few days' stoppage ot
freights would cut off cupplies and en
danger thehvs of thousand?. Grammy
tluit labor lias a grievance, and thai
there are wrongs to be righted. Mr. Debt
has chosen the most idiotic aud un-American
means of redress possible. If he
gets through with it, and out of it, with
out a term in prison lie u ill be in luck.
In the brief space of ten days he hss
scaled the Alps of greatness, met Irs
"Waterloo, and will now retire to his St.
Helena to touud up his place in history.
In his solitude he will recall that he and
a large majority of his followers cast
their votes for the party iu
power the parly which capitulates with
the trusts and combines, the party
whose policy has parahzed tho in
dustries of the country. He wi 1 com
pare the dates and contrast the indus
trial conditions of Grover Cleveland's
administration with those of its ptede
cessors. He will see how the millions
of wage earners were reduced from in
dependence and thrift to penury and
want. He may even aiscern that the
pariy cry of reform was a hollow sham,
aud that the change for which ho and
his followers voted has been of wide
spread di aster to the millions of labor
ing people. The encroachments of
organized capiial must be stopped, but
Debs plan is not the way to do it
The Knight of the Knife and Bullet,
who assassinated the mayor of Chicago.
is out of luck. If his iauwers had but
permitted justice to have its wa', Pren
dergast would have been hung montli3
ago with the eyes of the world centered
upon tho spectacle of his taking off.
His execution and crime would have
been the talk of a day. But in delaying
justice he has eclipsed his last opportun
ity. Unless his sovereign friend, Alt
geld, interposes the power of tho chief
executive today, Prendergast will swing
tomorrow swing at a time when the
hanging of forty assassins could not
create a ripple of interest or comment.
But as Altgeld would not dare pardon
the Anarchists now whom ho liberated
last year, so he will hardly dare to step
in to save tho life of the murderer of
If thero are wrongs, correct them
with the ballot, not the torch. If you
have no confidence in tho power of the
ballot move to Russia, and support the
czar, who himself has no confidence in
What brought the trouble on between
Pullman and his employes? Industrial
stagnation. What brought on industrial
stagnation? The election of the Demo
cratic party to power. Who elected the
Democratic party? The men who are
HUMBERT AND FRANCIS JOSEPH.
Indications of "the peculiar relations
existing between the courts of Vienna
and Rome were manifested tho other
day, when Emperor Francis Joseph was
permitted to cross over the Italian ter
ritory on his way to visit Emperor Wil
liam at Abbazia, without any of tho
customary forms of courtesy and atten
tion being paid to him by the Italian
This neglect by the Italians was
made all the more pointed seeing that
King Humbert was at that moment at
Venice preparing to receive tho visit of
Emperor William, which followed im
mediately after the departure of the
Austrian monarch, who for a second
time passed several hours traveling
through tho northern portion of Italy
on the way back to his capital.
Tho strained relations which led to
this lack of courtesy on the part of King
Humbert are due, says tho New York
Recorder, to the persistent refusal of
tho emperor and empress to return at
Rome the state visit which King Hum
"bert and Queen Marguerite were per
suaded by their ministers to pay to tho
court of Vienna just ten years ago. Tho
visit ought to have been returned with
in at the latest twelve months, and the
emperor's hesitation and delay in the
matter aro attributable to the compli
cations which would arise in connec
tion with tho Vatican, since tho pontiff
absolutely refuses to receive at tho
Vatican any Catholic sovereign who has
not first paid his respects to the head
of tho church before holding any inter
course with tho quirinaL
King Humbert of course insists that
the first visit should be to the qnirinal,
and this renders the stay of Catholic
royalties in the eternal city a source of
endless complications and awkward
contretemps. To make matters worse,
Empress Elizabeth has, even since tho
death of her son, visited Rome incog
nito, and been received by the pope
without pa3ing the slightest attention
to the quirinal, and that it was after
this that she was permitted to make a
stay at Venice -without receiving any
attention from the Italian authorities,
being even forced to take her turn
with tlie tourists when she visited the
royal palace in which sko had formerly
dwelt as its mistress prior to the forced
surrender oi Venice to Italy by Aus
tria. INTELLECT AND S TATTJRE.
Trom tho Loscon Tclesrapo.
The influence of different occupations
on adults, of town and country life, of
intellectual and physical exercises and
athletics is well brought out by an
thropometric inquiry. Measurements
extending over twenty-seven successive
years have been made at the school
of the Society of Friends at York.
Friends are largely a commercial and
therefore a town-dwelling class, and
yet thero is a slight improve
ment shown in stature and a very
decided improvement shown in weight
of the boys attending this school
in later years. The beneficial action of
the factory acts, of higher wages,
cheaper and better food and clothing
and improved sanitary surroundings of
the working classes in recent years, is
brought out by the measurements.
On the other hand, observations show
that school life under favorable condi
tions impedes the physical development
of the children, and this is most mark
ed in charity schools. Measurements
maoe at the duke of York's school at
Chelsea show that the children are the
son-s of soldiers, and therefore of a
class elected for physical 3tnes
were until recently very inferior
in stature and weight to boys
of their own class living ' in their
own homes, A similar falling off has
prevailed at the Blue Coat school among
boys belonging to a higher class of so
ciety, in consequence of bad sanitary
arrangements and probable faults in
the feeding and discipline of the. in
mates. The average stature of boys of
different classes of the community va
ries between the best-nurtured boys in
our public schools and the worst-nurtured
claKs in our industrial schools to
the extent of about seven inches in boys
of the age of fourteen years.
A fact of rather peculiar nature has
also been brought to light by anthro
ponietry namely, that cirls from
eleven to iourteen years are
taller and heavier than bovs of
corresponding ages. The aver- j pressure. Moreover, although more
age height of Scotch-agricultural labor- pounds of coal were burned byourloco
ers (Galloway) is 3 feet 10.5 inches; Fel- motive, thii coal was procured from the
lows of the Royal society. 5 feet 9.76 j great chum heaps of the anthracite
inches: athletes. 5 feet S.34 inches: luna- i rejrion at no other expense than screen-
tics, 5 feet 5.70 inches; criminals. 3 feet
5.60 inches; Herefordshire laborers, 5
feet 5.35 inches, and idiots and imbe
ciles, 5 feet 4.S4 inches. When com
pared with the general population, lu
natics show a deficiency of nearly two
inches in stature and ten pounds in
weight, while criminals are two inches
shorter and eighteen pounds lighter,
besides showing a marked deficiency of
physical as -well as mental stamina.
from Chamber's Journal.
The view from the peak, once beheld,
can never be forgotten. The first sen
sation is that of complete isolation.
The silence is profound. The clouds
are below us, and noiselessly break in
foaming billows against the faces of
the beetling cliffs. Occasionally the si
lence is broken by the deep roll of
thunder from the depths beneath, as
though the voice of the Creator were
uttering a stern edict of destruction.
The storm rises, the mists envelop us,
there is a rush of wind, a rattle of hail,
and we seek refuge in the hotel. Pause
a moment before entering and hold up
your hands. You can feel the sharp
tingle of the electric current as it es
capes from your finger tips. The storm
is soon over, and you can see the sun
beams gilding the upper surface of the
white clouds that sway and swing below
you, half way down the mountain sides,
and completely hide from view the
world beneath. The scenery shifts;
like a drawn curtain the clouds part,
and, as from the heights of another
sphere, we look forth upon the majesty
of the mountains and the plains. An
ocean of inextricably entangled peaks
j sweeps into view. Forests dark and
tant mountain sides. A citj' is dwarfed
into the compass of a single block;
watercourses are mere threads of silver
laid in graceful curves upon the green
velvet mantle of the endless plains.
The red granite rocks beneath our feet
ere starred with tiny flowers, so minute
that they arc almost microscopic, yet
tinted with the most delicate and tender
colors. The majesty of greatness and
the mystery of minuteness are here
brought face to face. It is in vain that
one strives to describe the scene. Only
those who have beheld it can realize its
grandeur and magnificence.
From the New York World.
Monte Carlo is the place t get es
sence of orris, and the only place.
"When a woman is caught in that
wicked little principality, and feels
called to explain, she can always say
that she camoior a supply of orris-violet,
and be believed. The price, like
everything else, is as high as the Alps.
A four-ounce bottle sells at seventy-five
francs, but one drop on the lace collar
ette or revers will make the whole
dress smell like a violet. The violet
of Grasse, which belongs to Nice, is ex
quisite, and preferred to Monte Carlo
by the people who detest tho very men
tion of the gamblers' paradise. It has
such an affinity for silk that if the dry
stopper is wiped with a ruffle the scent
will cling to it lilrts roses in Moore's
vase. But the violets of violets is the
Ajcardi, found in San Remo, which ia
mentioned in the guide books, and has
actually added to tlie fame of the place.
The scent, a triple extract, is sold ex
clusively in a little shop below the
sidewalk, at three dollars a bottle of
about six ounces. This violet shop ia
violet-sceuted and bottle-walled, and
buyers come from all the courts and
gay cities of Europe. No lover of vio
let scent will ever know the true scent
of violets until she goes to Ban Remo
with twelve francs to spare. To use
one drop of it is to feel a fine contempt
for all other perfumes.
Paris is the great market place for
Peau d'Espagne. The sachets can be
bought in any first-class drug store, but
the Parisians alone know where to get
the skin with the exquisite and inde
finable odor. It looks like kid. Squares
one and one-half inch in surface retail
at one dollar and fifty cents. Theso
are cut into strips one-quarter of an
inch wide and sewed in the seams of
evening dresses. Usually five are put
in a toilet, one under each sleeve, two
in the side gores of the skirt about the
knee line, and one at the back in the
hem. Peau d'Espagne neTer loses its
From the Kansas City Times.
One of the raosttmportant investiga
tions yet undertaken by an American
railway has lately been completed by
the New York, Ontario &. Western rail
way in connection with the London &
Northwestern railway of England. It
had for an object nothing less than a
critical, experimental determination ol
the actual advantages, if any, of an
American train, made up of a few large
cars, over an English train of equal ca
pacity, but made up of a greater num
ber of smaller cars. The English test
was made in July, the results were
worked up and tabulated by the Lon
don & Northwestern engineers and
forwarded to this country to be dupli
cated as nearly as possible by the
NcwYork. Ontario & Western, which
has a division of almost exactly
the same length as that of English
road. Rut while the length was the
same, the other circumstances were
quite different The alignment of tho
English road was good and the grade?
low. while the American road abounds
in abrupt changes of heavy grades and
sharp curves, a eeneral comparison of
the results, according to the Railroad
Gazette, shows that the American loco
motive hauled a slightlv heavier train
aa higher speed on a grade of C4.S
feet a mile, with 13.9 pounds pull at
the drawbar per gross ton. while the
English locomotive exerted a pull ol
?S-7, 14.4 and I2.S pounds per gross ton
on 14.2-fuot grades at suoce-ive point;
of the line. The coal consumption ot
the American locomotive was I.s tixoea
that of the English locomotive, while
the water evaporated was as I
to 1.4, and the total traetive
work as l to 1.2. This was
what might reasonably be expected.
The inferor coal u5ed in the American
locomotive would geera;e less stejra
than the better grade used by the En
glish enrine. There is no getting
aroend tbe faet that the American
train, which, as far as weight and load
wer eotMseraed. was a counterpart of
the Eag'Uh train, was hauled orer as
equal ditasce. at a higher rate of
speed, through twice the vertical ric.
over irreater curvature, by an engine ol
about tho same estimated capacity, and
rarrvinr twsntv Tvnvnd mnr Toiler
ing, loaamg ana nauling, ana tne
actual cost of the fuel per trip was on
ly three dollars and twenty-eight cents,
against three dollars and fifty-one for
the English train.-
ilOODS AND MASTERY.
From Worthlustoa's Mjzazhie.
Mastery in anj- art or craft involves
control of its methods and of one's self.
The genuine artist is the man who can
discern the thing he wishes to do and
employ all the resources of his craft to
that end. The greatest and most diffi
cult of all the arts is the art of living,
and the men and women who master
this difficult art are those who compre
hend the material with which they
work and the methods by which effects
are secured, and who control them
selves. Those who are the slaves of
their prejudices, their passions or their
moods, whatever may be their knowl
edge of materials and methods of
work, are ineffective and unsuccessful.
To be the slave of one's mood is
to be mastered by conditions, instead
of mastering them. It is astonishing
how inany people form their judgments
and do their work, not in the clear
light of dispassionate intelligence, but
in the half-light of their own feelings.
A judgment which is the expression of
a mood is absolutely worthless, be
cause it does not deal with the facts.
It colors the facts, distorts them, and
combines them in an unnatural fashion.
It reads into the facts that which the
facts do not contain. And yet a large
part of the judgments of men are eith
er the expression of their moods or
are deepty tinged hy their moods.
To many of us the world is bright one
day and dark the next, simply because
of subjective conditions, the actual
landscape remaining identical from
da- to day. This is not true of the
masterful man; for the element of mas
tery is to control one's self and to see
things as they are. It is to get rid of
one's moods, or at least to hold them
m such control that they cease to
tinge the judgment. There is no ono
so difficult to deal with as the man of
moods, who is to-day all enthusiasm
and to-morrow all despair, who to-day
sees nothing but success and to-morrow
nothing failure. Iu dealing with
him one must not only take into ac
count the difficulties of the enterprise,
but also the defects of the in
dividual. To see men nnd
women as they are, and the
facts of life as they are. one must keep
the personal feeling thoroughly in con
trol, and refuse to allow the judgment
to be deflected by the irritation of tho
moment, or by a passing depression.
There is nothing bo stimulating to
others as that steadfastness which sees
things with absolute clarity of vision,
and deals with them with a calm and
persistent strength. The man who
possesses qualities introduces the ele
ment of stability in a world of change,
and represents dispassionate intel
ligence and clear-sighted judgment in
a world of moods and passing emotions.
A TALE OF TWO CAPITALS.
From the Contemporary Kevletr.
A friend of mine, recently deceased,
told me, if my memory serves me cor
rectly, that he had the following facts
from Baron Haussman himself: Ordered
by Napoleon III. to submit plans for
tho renovation of Paris, the baron was
for some time at a loss to meet the two
fold requirements, for the contemplated
improvements of the new streets had
to be at once beautiful, and so laid out
ns to be readily commanded by artil
lery. Suddenly ho bethought him of
modern Washington. He secured a
plan of that city, and this seemed on
examination so exactly to meet tho
necessities of the case that he finally
submitted it to the emperor. The re
sult was that the plan in the main was
accepted, and modern Paris was built
on the lines of modern Washington.
Thus is explained a certain similarity
which strikes every one who is familiar
with the two capitals, although ono
might naturally suppose the Ameri
can city, being the younger, to be tho
daughter, instead of the mother. But
Gen. Washington more than half a cen
tury earlier had ordered L'Enfant to
design him a plan for his seat of gov
ernment in much the same manner as
Napoleon III. had commanded Baron
Haussman. Now, L'Enfant was not
only a Frenchman, but a resident of
Versailles, and he undoubtedly derived
his inspiration from his earlier sur
roundings; conseqnently Washington
saw an enlargement of the Royal park,
with its alleys extended into avenues
and its numerous flower beds and par
terres enlarged into circles and quad
rants. Thus by a trans-oceanic leap
Baron Haussman took from the new
world what he could have secured at
his own gate
So much for a merely curious artistic
coincidence. But in light of recent de
velopments in our capital, a singular'
inquiry suggests itself namely,
whether Gen. Washington, in laying
out the city, did not have in mind the
same two-fold object that Napoleon III.
had when laying out Paais. To ba
sure, the present industrial army move
ment now bids fair to end in ridicule.
But at some later date a more desper
ate one may require to be controlled by
artillery, and then the broad avenuoa
and straight streets of the capital may
be appreciated for other than mere
aesthetic considerations, and. on the ;
contrary, serve as an additional proof
of far-sightedness on thu part of the
father of his eountrv
A HANDFUL OF DiAMOyD3.
Frcs the Jfer YrV. Ths.
"It gives one the oddest thrill to
hold a handful oi loose, unrct precious
stones just as if they were pepples,
said a fair cosmopolitan. "Not long
since, in London. I went into a store
famous for its jewels; and while I was
talking with a clerk abowt the refit
ting oi some old family relies, Lord A.,
who ia a great friend mine, came in. j
After some casaal coaversatJoB he
asked me if I would come into an inner
room to look at ome pearls he was
thinking of pwrehaing There we
found Mr. C. one of the heads of the
firm, and the pearls were prodaeed a.ad
discussed, aad anally a ooapie were de
cided upon. "Could vtm kt fc-v X.
s--e your aavrt sionavT asked Lord A.
after ereryihing had been set-'
tied. I will be her tocaxfty
be coatlaacd jokingly. Met
certainly." sanrered the oh&eqaioas .
tradesman, politely etdocicfci? whit :
QUAKER CHALK TALKS
JDn:gg:st How is it Doctor you are sending mc no pre
scriptions? I have seen none of your patients lately.
Dffcfor No they go to the grocer's I am recommending
MFDICALAND SURGICAL INSTITUTE
AND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY
Cut cf .r-'iuuiTir n-id for 'lp rTmir iftin o
(. tauh ..l.U ail .Nit? .! it IhiOMl Disu-.,-
r ir.-t-c isis-s iUt-omiuodntiotf iu IttHnto
rulldiFR. Larst-t and line?t Elotirlenl.
Gjraooloslcal and fa'i:n:lcnl lu&irncioais anil
Appliance in the V t-bt.
DR. TFRRILL (Js-t eturned from annual
rrtM graduate ncpttnl course, Chicago, tho
leading hct i o-'l In rope tit. t, at-d :pvt lalwt
in Chronic Mm a.-, IMejes of Women and
riate Dlseast of Men: and DR. P ROY,
tlie will kuown Mirsron aud I cuii:, altc.d
personally eery patient. bonn of our
Mitclaitle: VARICOCELE, HYDROCELE,
RUPTURE cured permanent!-, wituout Unite o
EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY la clwr-.ee of
mroat, iNose, anu caiarrn.
TO YOUNG AND MIDDLI! AGE1 MEN-.
A QTT'RTr fvT7T?TP ',i' v,,"'it-i't iri inonbHnc"THntewt
-" - Uil V U J-VJ2J tts. desUiomi: Uu xuu.u .tint ttli ptrmnaeoUy cared
e .r.atantee to enre yon or no pa .
Coiiolliiatl'iti nnd x in' i lion frp r! invlfp-l. S'tid 'n' 1ha; .! nUftttou blulllC
Address tha TESE1LL-PURDY 2ED1CAT. INSTITUTE.
1C8 North 2ilem Street. - Wtaolto, Kansas
proved to be a door Into a huge safe, I
but which looked like part of the panel
ing1 of the room. He Uhhcred us into a
bmall room in the safe itself. It was
carpeted with green baize and had no
furniture, the walls being filled with
rows upon rows of drawers, each with
its own special lock and key.
" 'Here you have wealth enough to
buy a kingdom,' said Lord A., and I
could not repress a cry of astonishment
and rapture as Jlr. C, with apparent
carelessness, opened drawer after draw-
cr, and showed me the glittering con- I
tents. Rubies, diamonds, pearls, sap- '
phires all the long array of precious
stones and all assorted according to !
size and quality. 'Would you trust rac
to take up a handful of those dia-
monds?' I had the audacity to ask. 'I
simply long to know how it feels.'
IJoth men seemed much amused, the
jeweler gratifying my request without
hesitation: and as 1 felt the heavv.
glittering things slip through my fin-
gers, 1 felt the thrill I spoke of in tho
beginning. 'You look as if you were in
church!' laughed Lord A. 'The expres
sion on your face is absolutely reverent
and, oddly enough, that, was just tho
way 1 felt."
TOO MOCI1 FOB A
The crow has fine manners. Tic al
ways has the walk and air of a lord of
the soil. One morning I put out some
fresh meat upon the snow near my
study window. Presently a crow came
and carried it off, and alighted with it
upon the ground in tho vineyard.
"While he was eating of it, another crow
came, and, alighting a few j-ards away,
slowly walked up to within :i few feet
of his fellow, and stopped. 1 expected
to see a struggle over the food, as
would have been the cae with domes
tic fowls or animals. Nothing of the
kind. Tho feeding crow stopped cut
ing, regarded the other for a moment,
made a gesture or two, and flew away.
Then the second crow went up to tha
food and proceeded to take its sharo.
Presently the first crow came back,
whon each seized a portion of the food
and flew away with it. Their mutual
respect and good-will seemed perfect.
"Whether it really was so in our human
pcnse, or whether it was simply an
illustration of the instinct of mutual
support which fems to prevail among
gregarious birds, I know not. Eirds
that are solitary in their habits, like
hawks or woodpeckers, behave quite
differently toward one another in tho
presence of their food.
The lives of wild creatures revolve
about two facts or emotions, appetite
and fear. Their keenness in discover
ing food and in discovering danger are
alike remarkable. Hut man can nearly
always outwit them, because whilo
his perceptions are not so fHarp,
his power of reflection is muen
greater. His cunning carries a
great deal further. The crow will
quickly discover anything1 that lootw
like a trap or Bnare set to catch him,
but it takes him a long tiae to tee
through the simplest contrivance. A
I have above stated. I omtfces place
meat on the snow In front of mj study
window to attract hint
On one occasion, after a eoupie of
crows had come to expect something
there daily, I suspended a piece of meat
J by a string from a branch of the trc
just over the ppot whore I usually
placed the food. A rrcnr oon dicov-
' cred it and came into the troe to Me
!' what it meant. His sopiciro were
aroused. There was mmsc draiga ia
that suspended meat, evidently. It
wa a trap to catch him. He sorreyed
j it from every near brasoo. H pecked
and pried, and tvaa "beaton penctraSAsg'
. the mystery. lie Sew to the groend.
ami walked about aad Mtrreycd It from
( all 'idea. Thn he took a long walk
, down a boot the vineyard a if ia fcofx
ai bittiatr upou Nase elr. Tlura We
oasae to the tre aain. aad tri-d 3rt
one rye, then the otter. spoa it: tWn
to t!w grovad beceaUt; then he ?rent
away aad esta back: tb-n hi fdiovr
came, aad they both wraiatad ad ia-
vesiiyated aad then dtaascared.
Chikadeta aad woodpoekee would
e, ilght apoa the meat aad peek ft
swiszriag ia the wiad, bat th crows
were fearfaL Dc this acw rc5
tioa? Peraap it de-m. bat I look "jpoa
it rather a that iaatiact of fear aad
coaamg c ekaraelcriatic of the crew
Two dajs pagd thaw; every maralm?
the crowe caac aad arajad th
aedd atca froaa 'U 6at ia the
tre. aad laa aeat away. The third
day I placed a htrs-t hume oa the mow
LestoAa the r&ga4t4 zsecfccL Zrct
""" It FT
F.iE FISTULA, STRICTURE AND
r.' - r,t,i - itr " c of . ur-
Dr. Vu.JLi. lJ.se.ue oi trie Lje, Ear
ently one of the crow appeared in
the tree, and bent his eye upon Jhe
tempting bone. "The tuysterr doep
ens," he seemed to hay to himself. Hut
after half an hour's investigation, runl
ufter approachiug several times within
n few feet of the food upon the ground,
lie eemed to conclude there wan no
connection bctwuen it and tho pie-jo
hanging by the string. So he ilnall;
walked up to it and fell to peaking It,
Hipping his wings all the time, as u
siffii of his watchfulness. Ho also
turned up his eye. momentarily, to tltti
piece in the air above, as if it infcht bo
a sword of Damocles, ready to fall
Soon his mate came and alighted on
j a low brunch of the tree. The feeding
j crow regarded him a moment and then
j flow "P to his side, as if to give him a
j turn at 1C meat. But he refused to
, "m tno risk- We evideutly looked
,' vPa thc whole thing as a delusion
, nml Jl snare, and presently went away.
nnd his mate followed him. Then t
placed tho bone in one of the main
forks of the tree, but the crowa kept at
a safe distance from it. Then I put it
back on the ground, but thoy grew
more and moro suapieious; some evil
intent in it all, thoy thought. Finally,
a dog carried oil the bone, and tat
crows ceased to visit the trca.
Tho froduotl'iu of ArtUioUt fttla.
Experiments with vegetable-pulp
have demonstrated the feasibility of
silk-making by machinery. At no dis
tant day the silkworm will find her oc
cupation gone, and la place of the co
coon we will have enormous apools of
silk drawn directly from pulp. Vege
table fiber is made into collodion, ami
is then forced through finely perforated
metal plates. The slender threads that
issue are at once cubinerged in water.
This takes up the volatile elements of
the collodion and harduns the threads,
which bo coma clafctic and solid. Tho
filaments are so fine that it requires
nearly a dozen to makr a thread that
can be handled with safety. Hxtretno
fineness Is necessary in order to jrHe
the required softness and fiaxibiiUy.
With this comes a degree of brltUenes
that makes th product frail almost
past handling. When machinery at
iuflicient delicacy can be invented to
carry aad mana? thrtm tiny liaon
without breaking them, nt tma.y bo
able to engage in i!k-rnaking as roadW
ly as in paper making. uA with qui to
as aatUfactorr results. KxperiMrnt
have thx far been made with perfect
ly siicreaaful rewlt la all partiettln
lave the one acted. ". T. Lcdgar.
for Hard Tim.
Mrs. Hogmo AjkI why hin't the oW
mon a-workia aow?
Mrs. Grogaa WnrMn'S It's an In
reator hm is. He has got wp a road
schraper that dca the work of fdv3
Aa haw raiany mln do It take to
"Sbc It will be a great tiling for
givin' implormcat to the lahona man.'
Tiro th THfb ft Ik SIaahlnr.
"Harold. she ararmered, aa hnr head
pr eased against his ataJwart fateem.
"Harold, do I aot hear tho Watiag of
yoar food heart?''
"Xot exactly." said riareUL, btaxhtn?
.lightly. ' I dida t raaa to til yva,
bat yott ;e I'm temporarily oWSgrd to
earrr ono of these thrt'-deUar watcao,"
1f Yon TTenlrJ Krp Tomng.
Regeiatc the did
TaJcv sjvVcbmmJc exweW In the op?i
Overlook the pfafpridw of Mft.
Try a daily apeog & far vrrera
Ward oS wriaklre with raaansge, g
ftMOU the teeth by attea&foa Trfe
Forget that there ace saeh SMsga at
birthdaym. - t4dmm Days.
According to ifc AakHcxa
. two rfe-asjeta of b
'"- "m .-iiAaa. asve
vaeac ttarffce oa ta ehoir. '-'patim
Of the heat him srilir, eT watei
rSutrnmsii W Va adpicd
iFrr-ay Ht ewaara boeu on tile i
rat hree! f the Canal de Iltwrregrvev
sacs eenaoeiA at Slsae xmd c.
tU seam- lfc tn4e. k.
e c&ansal asd tic Medltr
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