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Water cooled, Thermo ypii Syotes
HONOLULU BTAR-BULLE1IX, SATURDAY, AUG. 17, 1912.
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: Russia. and Japan Face-Each
Other in Manchuria' and
. 1 Look for Spoils",
v PEKIN, Chlnv' August 4. Fourteen
years ago Russia secured from China
. , lease on Port Arthur for twenty
: fi ve years, and the' right to built a
'..'' railroad, - to be called the Chinese
Eastern ' railroad extending aero; s
. Manchuria from the 'Trans-Siberian
" railroad to Port Arthur on the Gulf of
. ' " Pechiill. , The- completion of ; this rall-
i-; road gave Russia an ice free port on
, V 's -the Yellow sea and made her the p'ara
-. -' mount power in far eastern politics
, Encouraged by her" successes Russia
adopted a policy which became ' dan
eerous to both China and Japan. Shr
stationed troops all along the Chinese
j Eastern railroad and began to make
plans for the occupation of Korea. ;
; This brought on the Russo-Japanese
- I war; -which resulted- in Japan's -tatln"
Russia's place as the paramount pow
j 1 V,.,. , in far: eastern politicr. Japan by
: rlrht of conauest v secured Russia's
. V lease on Port Arthur and the southern
C j half of the. Chinese Eastern'railroad,
'( end was placed in a position to annex
Korea; She Also succeeded to ail mm-
VWflng and timber; rights In South Man
churia which the Russians had rewir
ed from the , Chlnet e.
Fate of .Manchuria. v
. The RussoJapanese war settled
the , fate of. Korea, but not fthat cf
M anchurla. ' : Before that war ' China's
: koterelrhtr In Manchuria, had, been
threatened by Russia alone;- since thai
1 ' war it has been , threatened by Japan
'.: j and Russia. These nations are today
4 ? :- facing each other on China's soil very
; " much as theyTdld during the truce
7 precedlnir the treaty, of Portsmouth.
, which enaea tne Kusso-japanese war.
4 XThat treaty, whih acknowledged tTlo
y sovereignty, of China : in Manchuria.
' virtually divided the province Into
? ' two protectoratesthe northern, dom
1 1 lLated by . Russia, and . the. southern.
r hy japan. Tne military. rorces wnica
s i these two nations maintain In Man-
; rturla are. to be sure, h.6t -on a.war
-V- footing, butthe? are. .sufficiently; large
, to cause : anxiety to China and ;io
i " every nation 1 interested In the' maln-
open door- principle,.'. Since .the war
vfoth Russia .and Japan have expend-
e! enormour'. um ' of i-money In
, Ftrengthenlng tteir military and ecor
i pcmlc hoH n their respective spheres
in Mapchurla.;.' JTrbln "is a flourlshinc
I Riisc'an -rity,; while Mukden swarms
V with traders ' and soldiers of Dai Nip-
. pon."- .i .
t The Japanese have shown a remark
- able capacity for organization In their
'management of the southern, section
of the Chinese Ear tern railway, which
they took over:; from ' the 'Russians.
They have entirely reconstructed this
v railroad and have named It the South
Manchuria railway. It is by far the
best railroad in all Asia. By the con
struction of the AntuneMukden
r fcTancVthey have connected the South
v ;Manchurlan with the Korean railwas's.
This has placed them In a position to
'-: strike at Manchuria along two con
verging railway Hnes. namelr. the
Port Arthur and the Antung-Mukden
. line. '
Arteries of Trade.
While tbete lines' are undoubtedly
built mainly for military purposes
they serve In time of peace as arter
ies ot trade for Japan's economic con
.quest of South Manchuria. The Jap
anese steamship lins being hiehly
subsided hv the government, are in a
position togive such reductions to
Japanese merchants as to place those
;.. cf other nations at a serious disad
vantage. The economic conquest of
"South Manchuria by Japan is proceeding-
rapidly and and will soon be an
Considering the great interest
which Japan has already acquired in
South Manchuria it Is not 8ur,risins
that many leading Japanese states
men have advocated the annexation
of Manchuria. Foremost amcm; these
is Mr. Tomlzu, member of the Japin
. . . ese parliament. He is a man of great
influence! In 1904 he was one of the
" seven . prof essors who .i l ' .'t j ihe
"-" ;;- . war with Russia. - About two months
; v , ago Mr. Tomizu writes a Magazine ar-
v ': tlcl In; which he advocated thnm
; .V' mediate annexation - of :outh Man
' Yl'tTrin;-,- ; A": '-'V -v-'h
--f 'Ta f!H r.ct -occa??bn"'vm'ich
- - - -- ' : - -
surprise among students "of far(eact-
ern politics. During the last few years
Japan's activities in South Manchuria
have 'Vcnbuch as. u i''.sc. a.v.'-i,
spread belief that she was prepaiing
to annex that territory. When Kore.rt
was annexed both Chinese and for-
eign itudents of the far east said that
the' annexation' : of. South; Manchuria
would be the next step in the expan-
slon of Japan. When the Chinese rev
olutlon broke out there were": many
wtt MMiAf aA m TAnrtn. am) Tt a
r ' ' " , -" :r. oV"
epneres in Aiancnuna unaer tne pre-
text of maintaining order. .ically. to increase their influence in
Active In Mongolia. ' inner Mongolia. In discussing that
i The, activities of Russia and Japan phase of the situation he says: "A
tare not been confined to Manchuria, considerable portion of Inner -Mon-Thelr
merchants! and political agents g0Ha gravitates toward the South
have pushed Into Mongolia and have. Manchurian railway and In this por
courted the frelndshlp of the descend- tlon of the province "Japanese Inter
ants k of :i the khans. When :the sfo have beeri rrpafed. . Goeranh.
outer Mongolians declared their . in-
dependence. last peeenre-
Bnerauy.- believed tnat , tney 110
i instigated by the Russlanc ,When
a . - lew day l&ier, -Uie . nUBSian
K - M 9 . A. . "'AW . 1
government . Informed the Chinese
Wat ,,; she wpuid not, .consent to
China. Rindfnr anv armies or colon -
ists to outer Mongolia' the .conviction
became fixed in the. minds of many ob
servers .that. Russia was planning to
annex outer Mongolia, It seemed that
Chisa was 1 about to lose both Man
churia and Mongolia,'
Just when everybody was, speculat
ing ai to what would be the probable
date of the annexation of .Manchuria
and Mongolia there was ai volte face
In Russia's Far Eastern policy. With
out' any apparent reason Russia sud
denly announced that she had, no' ul
terior motives with regard to Mon
golia.-' This attitude was announced
not only by the Russian minister In
Pekln but by the Russian minister of
foreien affairs. Mr. Sazanoff. In his
SDeech to th duma on Amil .26 beVhxnirp for tho rIt davs Pndid at noon'
spoke strongly against the establish
ment; of: this territory as an indepen-
dent Dutier. state. e pointed out tne
m . m m . - . .a
unfitness of -Mongolia for! independ- last previous period of six days. There lnavor or , 8 Tf 18 you can
'ence and stated that; it would be J were exchanged in the period under Jt every thing tha t you wanpro
Russia's policy to "mediate between' review 3292 shares for $135,201.37 vidlng l5at you are OV. Pount V
the , Chinese . and Mongolians, with, a'
view to bringing about . an : arrange -
uicut .u.i uutc.
Mongolia. This statement or policy
conformed Jn every '' particular with
t vhich high Russian officials in;
Pekin had .given exclusively to the,
correspondent of the Dally News a!
few days previously and which wasjtistfeal position, as readers of this
cabled to the Dally News on April 23
Reason for Change.
What was the reason for this sud
den change of policy on the part of
Russia? .Why did she, after having
encouraged . the outer Mongolians to
declare their independence, suddenly
announce her intention of acting as
mediator between outer Mongolia and
China with a view to bringing about
reinstatement of China's suzerain
ty? There can nardiy De any, oouot
that Prof. Tomizu's article published
early in April advocating the annexa
tion of Solh Manchuria convinced
the RussiaOthat there was a strong
expansionary movement on foot in
Japan and this conviction caused the
Russians to relinquish their plans for
a forward policy in Mongolia, It is
apparent that they became convinced
that if Russia should annex outer
Mongolia Japan would follow her ex
ample and annex South Manchuria.
Such a move would make Japan pre
dominantly a continental power in
Eastern Asia. In such an event all
Russia's projects for eastward expan
sion would be more than endangered;
they would be rendered impossible.
By seizing South Manchuria Japan
would place herself within striking
distance of the South Manchurian rail
road and would be in a position to
cut Russia off from her maritime pro
vinces -and from the Pacific.
Having established herself in South
Manchuria, Japan would also be in a
position to secure inner or southern
Mongolia and thus push her continen
tal empire between Russia and China.
Japan would then be in a position to
cut Russia off from any approach to
the Pacific. She would be thrown
right across the great road froqMJrga
to the Gulf of Pechili, which L 1 late
years, appealed, to .the immlgra2bn. of
Russian ' expansionists. Japan would
then have a great continental empire
to the south of Siberia, an empire
which would be a barrier shutting
Russia but of China, the Pacific and
Rn her Far Eastern projects,
Revealed by Sazanoff.
! That this fear of Japan's expansion
westward was one of the reasons why
Russia gave up any' plans she may
iiave had for the annexation ' of outer
Mongolia is revealed in. Sazanoff s
speech. He calls attention to the
close . geographical connection be-
a.... 0...1V J l .
; " " , , . " " ;V -
?jz.ia?i&tM to my wend of thevrhomas
the Japanese are working '" energet
icajiV x the eastern; - txrtion of Inner
pot' heen ' appointed- yet:'
undoubtedly is regarded by the pqw-
era-as an Integral part of the latter.",
I A V,-roiil ctnrtv nf ha cm hnarH'
of FAr Eastern politics in the light of
gzan0f Vs SpeChcan lead to .but one
! . - . -., . a-x
:,LiH ;th.f 9in ' whPii Rt.P
jkM UHWM. iwmv f r-kai vmvwi- a-
concluded that any gain which she
'ftrould make by annexing outer Man-
churia would be more than offset by of find things a little more interesting,
tounter moves. which Japan would be'eh! What do you think of the third
sure to make in such an event. '
A handsome gain of $81,957.75 was
made in th hiiRinss of th stock Ex-
J yesterday, over that for the corres-'
ponding period ended last week. There
i .- -
was 'xiirexcess of. $31,097.50 over the
and bonds of the par value of $40,000.
' a total of J175JJ017U. Prices withal
well retained, .ome
.eiocks Demg even mgner ai me ciose
than at the opening of the period.
i Bears of free "sugar for this year at
least have been, dispelled, and al-
though the authorities on the market
are taking a cautionary tone, the sta-
i .six im
paper are informed, is not such as to ator (- 8ee jj there was any lost mo
occasion much dread. The transac- ti0n in the ashDan he would have no
tions on 'change for the six days In
question have been as follows:
Ewa Plantation Company, 10 shares not quite as strong as the chewing
t or $317.50; price, 31.75. Igum one, but it is getting there.
Hawaiian Commercial & Sugar Co.,J "I'll bet that you have not been out
SE0 shares for $37,375; high, 44; low, to the Bishop Museum yet. You don't
43.875. rr- want to miss seeing that, or, at least
Hawaiian PineappleV Company, ISij what is left of it. A feller told me
shares for $7960; high, 43.25; low, 43.
Hawaiian Sugar . Company. - 223
shares for $9344;high, 42; low 41.75
Hilo Railroad, Ska.,- 2 shares for
$244; price, 7.62.
Honolulu Brewing & Malting Com-
pany, 440 shares for $9145; high, 21;
Inter-Island Steam Navigation Com
pany, 80 shares for $15,900; high, 200;
McBryde Sugar Company, 140
shares for $915; high, 6.75; low, 6.50.'
Oahu Railway & Land Company. 40
chares for $5600; price, 140.
OahU Sugar Company, 517 shares
for $14,491.50; high, 28.25; low, 27.75.
Olaa Sugar Company, 260
for $1950; price, 7..50.
Onomea Sugar Company, 255 shares
for $14,740.62; high, 57.875; low,
Pioneer Mill Company, 9 shares fori
$306; price, 34. '
Tanionc Olok Rubber Company,
Ififi shnrps for Sfi! 62.75 : nrices. 37.12V..!
Waialua Agricultural Company, 85
shares for $10,750; high, 127.50; low,
Hilo Railroad Extension sixos, $2
uuu at v4.io.
Olaa Sugsrr Co. sixes,
Natomas Con. sixes, $1,000 at 94.
For news and the truth-abont It,
n people I'y 1h Sttr-Bnl!ftln. -
"Well, I see you are here yt," ex
claimed my "ehnul buster, startling
me out of the reverie I had fallen -Into
while standing a tnftjebrner of Punch
bowl ana Hotef, streets, . wondering
why the authorities didn't remove that
bid dead stump of a royal palm that
has stood in the middle of . the side
walk since Tantalus used to be a hole
i m the ground, and I connded my,
"Remove it! Not on your " Paris
Dane!. Do vou BUDDose inia Territory
pays a man a salary of-'four or five
hundred dollars a month, and at the
same time he is holding, down a pri
vate job at Lord knows how much pef,
to do such work, as removing obstruc
tions from thejStreeta.. He still holds
fat Territorial Job because Jhiavaua-
He's lucky.v His time expired a long
time ago. Nowk if the Governor only
KaA o niWitA inx ha nrhnU ha n tho
same boat It is sort of public works
or works the public. Take your
. wv- - -
Thought that you was in such an
all-fired hurry to get out of here. Kind)
t party any how? It's booming here.
There is only one thing that It lacks
and that is - followers. ' It sure has
leaders enough, and it's progressive
ness Is catching. "Even the fish In the
harbor have got the fever and won't
i "Say, I talk right" along at a blue
! streak, don't I? Well, it's all right !
have delegated "myself to keep you
from getting that prosy feeling again,
and it' is a safe bet that you will
1 never want to go away from here af-
ter you get interested
ou dont nappen to nave anotner
ciSar ,n your ; clothes, do you? Oh,
thanks. All you got to do Js, to get
a ft i w t ni wi r t t n a vf-anrn a ana t n 1 n w
""" '",ol7u-. y"
?5,.m?B"". a ieuuiu .P" "I
hnt thft pt it th If
JL, 1 n
-; , it Qf un- Kit-
the fftr(ima -f tho ,mnvB a thp
mrhMtt humor wantpd an anto so that
n rnuA en round behind thp fnelner-
trouble getting ft The Board of Su-
pervisors wants a $100 a month clerk
now. They'll get him. The habit is
that the other day a couple of "mod-J
ern ideals" in the latest attire for wo:
men visited the museum and as soon
as they entered the door all of the
inanimate human 'forms, such as Ve-
nus, Meruty, kaocoon. and an tpe
rest of .em, jumped out of the sec
ond-story window, while Sappho faint
ed right on her perch. Still, what's
left it worth going to see.
"Say, did you ever take notice of
an me ioonu ueUm8iB ui6.
your friends will say to you in one
Never did did you? I get so
gui wui&Aieu sick, ui ii, trayrwiaitj iu
the kind of weather we are having
now, that I don't know what keeps me
from running amuck.
"Hot weather is the stock in trade
of Hawaii; then why talk about it
when we are coming face to face with
a national calamity (according to the
OPERATE dN BURGLAR.
MINNEAPOLIS, August 3. In an
operation today on the skull of John
Howard, aged 21, a -burglar, who has
; i;rged physicians to operate m order
j that he might become an honest cit-5,-
izen, two local physicians removed a
, tumor which was pressing upon his
$14,000 Strain, besides lifting a depression of
l the bone over the right temple.
At the city hospital t was said
! that the operation was successful and
that It was belleyerfHoward would be
cured of kleptomania - v" :
Dual system of ihition
Oiling splash system. S
46 A -J
political views of the person who Is
talking)? ' ' 1,-
i "Stranger, if I was you 1 would stay
right here and invest my money.
Couldn't find a . better place, v Get
quick returns, one way ori the other.
That's one characteristic of the people
here; they want results, and they want
them quick. That's the reason i why
more Honolulu people dont invest or
speculate abroad. ' The wait; for re
sults is too long. Do you know that
I think- that is . the .reason so many
Honolulu people are learning .-to play
Poker; they can learn the result be-
re iney go nome.
j . Tm going to light out now for a
plice that I discovered this morning,
where you can get nineteen doughnuts
and a cup of coffee for a nickel, but
beCoreuI go , 1 want -to call your atten
tion to the fact that 'Honolulu is the
first Americans Territory where you
can view the most laughable sight on
earth an Oriental under a plug hat",
. ' f i. . v..
.... - v - V
(mer Mercliant an Alaked
DUKE SPENDS $1000
. -YEARLY FOR RUTTY
VjUwDOX Eji T-tct-ThelDUki
or iviariDorough, : Vv; has usw
that the state should convert the" Un
lord into a twrt of public official in
a newly-formed rural dmrLIstratioa,
does not?otten' ;inlx' up in , politics;
though" fDnce "or. twlc he; ha Ut the
world know" what he thinks of Chan
cellor Lloyd George. Unlike, the Duke
of "Sutherland, who ls: establishing the
British - Empire Association to assist
the Vright people to emigrate to Can
adat the Duke of Marlborough wants
to" see some . scheme in operation
whereby the peasants can he kept at
home on the land. ' 1 : : . -'r-
It has been a surprise to many peo-
Lple to find the Duke of Marlborough
a . a ' . a ii . - . . a.
senousiy interestea in xne nomei j
problems of ways and means such as
the tillers of the soil have to grapple
witn, especially tne aeartn ot gooa
cottage accommodation. The duke has
his own problems In these days of
super taxes, for Blenheim palace costs
a pile of money to keep in repair. . ; He
once declared in the National Sport
ing Club that it cost him a thousand
dollars a year for putty alone, as there
. . .. ...
' . " '' '", "
Compare the mileage of the
' REPUBUC with any W$M
Tire and note why it is best
i' .- -
' ' - -
are ,'so many windows ia C 5 I
building. But even then th
more fortunate than sorr.?, n t? 1
'the" palace as a gift frcm t"?
liiiSXhl only obligation tc'.r : t.
nrr presentation or a Htm w i
txh.a majesty which U creep: ! :
due discharge of all rcnU cr.i c;rv:
AIMS A DLO'.T AT
'WASHINGTON', D. C, Ai:t. 1 .
Heavy penalties or ganitlIr. T t
ton futures are provided ia th? :'
bill passed by the houa tc : ; .
vole of 93 to 2S. The till yet : .
to the Senate. Efforts wctg :
amend the bill to Iacl-3 rr . :
prohibiting gambling ia gr-1:. ,
these failed. "'
.The' bill would prohibit all u
Hh cotton futures and fix fcrnyy :
ties for purchase or sale cf cct: :
actually in Existence. Ilcvy ;
would be Ira dose? d for tho u: r ;
malls or telejraph for the? ill-
tlon of cotton speculation Ir.f.
y Representative Fitz-atc'.i
crat) or New York IeJ t:.? r
declaring the' bill was u
al -arid would handicap tL- ...
ducer and consumer.
Stir-Bnllctia Ads. arc r.
Ccttfrv . : -
3 " '""Y
- - ' . V