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HONOLULU STAR-BULLETIN, SAT Un DAY, JULY.26, 1913.
,:; :'-',-.J - I m II ,H f M I I It MM MVI . 'V.
- ";' V jl - - - ' ''JI " -- - -"
Bj IIOirAKD D, CASE
ITH the completJon of the new
araonr. which b now In the,
building as authorized by the
tlonal guard of Hawaii will be housed'
In as complete a structure as can be!
' found in any city on the ' mainland j
which boasts "of a? like division of )
Uncle Sam's khakl-clad reserves. Th9 -past
10 years have seen Hawaii's guard
advance with rapid" strides toward the
goal of a perfect organization, and to-
'.day, with Its many companies of well-J
drilled,' well-dlsclpllncd young men of -Honolulu,
and its numerous .divisions ' V
. coverir practically every . phase of
Infantry science. It Is safe to say, that'
Ibis goal . has been reached. . 1 j
If one would writ an authentic his-
tory of the national guard of Hawaii.- ;
he must first' delve. Into the annals of
statements and statistics ' which will j
take him .back to a time prior tQ the
Insurrection. Here he would; find the
material basis for his history which;
would give him dates and names and'
and figures from; which he must
: weave his story' A history composed
entirely of facts and figures, however, Jv
me reaaer "woum soon nna to oe very j
.uninteresting reading from a number i
of standpoints. " There are hundreds j
oi stones mvoivea m tne rormation oi
Hawaii's guard " which, are probably
known only, to those who are veterans
of the organization and which crop
ing In a reminiscent mood, choose to(
lire axain the days of twenty years i
ago, Many of those veterans still re-f Mo rong, Burgeon; LJeut-Col
side In .Honolulu, while others reside ;
cn the mainland and the rest have
passed into- the great beyond Those
v ho are amoug tne living point with
pride to the. Way' when they took tho;
oath and became members of what!
today ranks in the Class A division of
the organized militia of the United;
States. . -
Early History. 1
On January IT, 1893, the provisional
government was ' established i by the
citizens and. residents of Honolulu at
the court house, known today as the
judiciary building, under the direct
command . of . Hon. Sanford B. Dole,
who had . previously been named pres
ident The following military officers
were appointed and commissioned:
John H. Scper, colonel; Joseph H.
Fisher, 11 eii tenant-colonel; J.Oeorge P.
McLeod, captain and adjutant; - Wil
liam W. Hall, captain and quartermas
ter; A. Gartenberg, captain and ord
nance officer, and Dr. ; Charles T.
Rodgers, captain and surgeon. The
citizens were formed into provisional
companies A. B, C,. D and E on Jan
uary 24 and.one week later company
E was regularly' organized and mus
tered Into the service of the provi
sional government with the following
commissioned- officers:- John Good,
No. 10, Governor Walter F. Frear, commander-in-chief N. G. H. -
y .Ko. 2, Staff of the National Guard of Hawaii, December, 1893. From left
toright, standing: Captain J. W. Pratt, adjutant; Captain C. B. Cooper,
medical department; Captain W. W. Hall, quartermaster; Captain A. Gar
tenberg. ordnance officer. Seated: IJeut-Col. J. H. Fisher; Col. J. H. So-
per. regimental commander, and Major George F. McLeod.
No. 3. National Guard Rifle Team. Seated, left to right: 1st Lieut Har
ry H. Morehead, range officer; Capt Arthur W. Neely; Capt Frederick L.
William R. Riley, team coach; col. Artnur
Coyne, team captain; Lieut-Col. John W, Short, team spotter; Capt Chas.
M. Coster. Capt Edward Hopkins, Capt Henry O'Suliivan. Standing, left
to right; Sergt Thos. J. Evans, Sergt MaJ. Dud3 K. Lemon, P. Q. M. Sergt
James K. Evans, Sergt Harry K. Holstein, Sergt Albert K. Lucas, 1st Lieut
Luther A, K. Evans, Sergt Manuel V. Souza, Sergt Aiau Aina, 1st Sergt.
Geo. W. Baker, 1st Sergt. John Stone. ;
No. 4, Hospital corps of the National Guard of Hawaii. In the center are
seated Captain F. L. Morong, on the left, and Major W. L. Moore, on the
right . v; v . : ; ".':, ;v V.'vi-.
captain; Arthur Coyne, first lieuten-
ant, and Ira A. Burget, second lieu
tenant On February 1, 1893, Hon.
John L. Stevens, the American min
ister, caused the American flag to be
raised .over the government building
and declared a protectorate, a body
of United States marines taking the
place of the citizen troops then in
charge of the building.
Thereafter, and during the month
of February, 1893, provisional com
panies A, B, C and D were regularly
organized and mustered into the pro
visional . service, being known as the
volunteer companies of the National
Guard of Hawaii.. These companies
were under the command of the fol
lowing commissioned officers::
Company A Charles W. Ziegler,
captain; John A. McCandless, first
lieutenant; T. B. Murray, second
lieutenant." ::;' ' : '.v::-.-
Company B Hugh Gunn. captain;
Arthur M. Brown, first lieutenant;
lx T Kenake, second lieutenant
Company C J. M. Camara Jr, cap
tain ; John M. Vivas, first lieutenant;
A. G. Sllva Jr., second lieutenant I
Company D Charles T. Wilder,
captain; John W. Jones, first lieuten
ant;; James L. Torbet, second - lieu
tenant; " :'' ""'"
The government buildings being at
that time in the possession of the pro
visional government, the "barracks,"
"drill-shed' and "bungalow" were set
aside for the use of the National
Guard. Company E was quartered in
the Ibid barracks; the gun-shed was
fitted up as an armory and known as
the drill-shed" of the National
Guard, and the bungalow was : used
for the offices of the officers and for
storage purposes. On April 1 1893,
: No. 5, Company "E", National Guard of Hawaii, commanded by 1st Lieut
Arthur Coyne, taken shortly after the insurrection of 1893.- :
No. 6, Colonel J. W. Jones, the adjutant-general, N. G. H.,
No. 7, Field Staff, National Guard of Hawaii, 1913. From Isft to right:
Lieut-Col. W. R. Riley, Capt Thomas P. Cummins. Colonel" Arthur Coyne,
Capt A. W. Neely, commissary, 1st Infantry; Major Gustav Rose. Not in pic
ture. Captain M. M. Johnson, quartermaster.
No. 8, General Staff, National Guard of Hawaii. 1913. From left to right:
Lieut-Col. John W.' Short, Q. M. general; Col. Charles W. Ziegler, Inspect
ing general; Lieut-Col. Joseph H. Fisher, paymaster general; Col. J. W,
Jones, adjutant general; Major W. L. Moore, surgeon; Lieut-Col. 'C. B.
Cooper, surgeon general; and Capt F. L. Morong, surgeon. .
No. 9, Company "F", National Guard of Hawaii, commanded by Captain
C. W. Ziegler, taken on the steps of the capitol following jthe insurrection
of 1895. -'': '--' ; .' :. ' -
So. 1, hon. Sanford B. Dole, flrst'governor of territory and first commander-in-chief
of the N. G. 11.
the American flag was lowered from government rorces returned to their
the government building and the pro- ftormer quarters which had been va
tectorate discontinued by Special jcated by the marines. Company A
United States Commissioner James H. auxiliary was mustered into service
Blount, after which the provisional and took charge of the judiciary build
ing under the command of Charles W.
Ziegler, who held the rank of cap
tain. During December, 1894
Admiral Walker was ordered to Imme
diately proceed to the Pacific coast
with his command, the ... battleship
Philadelphia. For the , first time In
twenty years Hawaii 'was left without
United States naval supervision, and
the political opponents of vtbe pro
visional government of the republic
of Hawaii in January, 1895, started
an insurrection .'. by taking ; pos
session of Diamond Head-Palolo
ridge and opening fire on the forces
of the government upon their approach.-
The government troops were
in the field for more than two weeks
and at .the end of that time the ' last
of the insurgents was captured, irt
person being their leader, R. W. Wil
cox. : A military commission was In
stituted for the trial Of those who
had sought to overthrow the existing
government, and for the purpose; of
the due administration of the law,
Hon W Austin Whiting, a Justice of
the supreme court, was commissioned
colcnel qfthe ' first , regiment of the
national guard of Hawaii, and ap
pointed president of the commission.
Found Guilty of Treason. ,
There were between tvf o and three
hundred persons tried fcefotje the com
mission, among them being Queen Li
Kuokalani, Robert Wilcox, leader of
the insurgents, and John A. Cummins.
Four of those tried were-found guilty
of treason and sentenced to be shot,
the sentence, however In each ' case
being commuted by; President Dole to
Imprisonment or deportation. The
only fine paid by those tried and con
victed was that by Johtt.A.. Cummins,
who forfeited iSOOO.These trials were
watched with a' great .deal .of. inter
est by both, the American and British
ministers resident, . as. a number of
the citizens claimed the protection of
( Continued on, page eleven)