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HONOLULU STAR-BULLETIN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 1C, 1013.
NINETEEN THE STAR-BULLETIN'S HOME-BUILDER STOKY ASP ; i JOWH&iRY NEWS oft CLEVELAND - OHIO iifllllllllJli - 1 1 1 . -. v.4 In this design the effect of the bun galow is kept, and the long and low ef fect of the house is made possible by carrying the roof over the porch and projecting a doublo dormer on the rV:.v,-v- :ir ?rrnrrrrn77Tr;j --v. TniMiiUHK 13TTTTT i -&.-. 1 . J . .. I' ' ,TI, -7 - , i - f -J . - I ' -, PQPCH : . , v CARTER FISHES TESTIINY EFORE SENATE LOBBY PROBERS (Continued from Page Eighteen) - r : : : . Senator Heed. I want to follow one or two matters about this' con tract labor, . ' -' . JMr. Carter. Contract labor is' Taard ly the term to use, Senator. Senator Keed. VeIl, tnis imported J Ifthnr. ' An. I I nnrtprtA.n1 , von. ' th I ugar lnterestsbegan Bome years ago to import labor into the islands jto work upon 'the sugar plantations? , Mr. Cartel'. . . No, sir. What I have (spoken 'of was initiated largely by . !myself,; not tb sugar men. Senator 'Reed. Well, you Initiated 'it You Initiated it for whom? - Mr. Oarter. ' Why, for the Territory jet Hawaii, as governor. " ; Senator Reed. As governor? Mr. Tartar, yes.' Senator Ree4. And where did you .get tne money tnat was used to . bring these people in when you were Jhe governor? i ; I Mr. Carter, v I got the money from the sugar men. i Senator Reed. The sugar men con tributed the .money and you used it? .-. V Mr. Carter. Yes, sir. Senator Reed. You became their agent in that matter? - Mr. Carter. I did not, personally. The immigration board did. Senator Reed. The. immigration ..board which , you appointed, as gov- crnor? -. - . The soap tHat will clean the spots from the sun is a good thing- to have about the house. Your grocer will tell you, if he is unprejudiced, about i - A HALF BUMTALOIVBV 40HX HE Mil XEWSOX 'Home of Character' No. 146 Mill fill j ' 2 : M H 1 1 1 1 1 1 II M 1 uilii 1 V-TTI '..-.-.., I . H; front, forming alcoves to the bed rooms.' ' - The liTing-room Is enteied through a vestibule, and a den is placed at ! the rear of this room. The advantages of an extra,, small room on the first floor are many.- Tuj one item of light ing will in time pay for its cost Tho general ' tendency of late years ' has beenao dMde the' first floor Into living-room, dining-room and kitchen, but where it is possiblo to add a small room without undue increase in cost, I believe it is advisable; . but this should not be done by decreasing the size of the living-room, which should be as large as possible. Tbe dining room is connected with ' the living- room by a cased opening, and with the kitchen by a convenient pantry. . Further Information concerning No. 146 or any other design shown on this page from week to week free. ; The Star-Bulletin has arranged with Mr. John Henry Newson to answer any inquiries concerning No. 146 or any other "Home of Character shown on this page from week to week. ; 1 J, Mr. Carter. Yes. y'l Senator ' Reed. f. Where ; did: they first . send and get this labor P from, when you were governor? . J Mr. Carter. ; To the Azores.-, 7 'M Senator Reed. What year ; was thatr ' ; Mr. Carter. ; Well,I could not recol lect I think it was the second l-ear of my admlhletratlonr ; I was, govern or; from; 1903. to 1907. V . 1 ' Senator 'Reed. How many - people did you bring in from the Azores? Mr. Carter. : I could not say off hand. ::-- "-v ':.: .Senator Recd.l: About how many? ' Mr. Carter. I think . there; were three or , four, steamer ' loads. ? We chartered' steamers, and about; ; four charters, bringing about 1,000 to 1,200 on a steamer. ' ; Senator Reed. How 'many. ,would that make? ' , : 1 - Mr. Carter. ' Four Vmes t200-.would be about 4,800. ' ,;r ? Senator Reed Four thousand eight hundred people? ' ' j Mr. Carter. At the maximum. ,: Senator Reed, i That. were brought In during your administration as gov- crnor?.- V ;;v; -;C,V:'V' A -l "r-'-.i I Mr.:Carter. " I think so. " ' i ' Senator Reed. In ' this way? i Mr. Carter. ' Yes, sir. -vv ; r:. Senator Reed. And the expense of bringing those people there was paid. by the sugar planters, but It was con- r 1 -i . 1 1 ' . . ...in- ""2rTTrK.'. - ! WliiteWings the best pure white soap on the mar ket. i :'- .V HONOLULU SOA P WO R KS, ': '.yr. ' Makers. ' Address your Inquiry, ' giving the number of the particular home you have in mind, to John Henry Newson, "Homes of Character" Department, tha Star-Bulletin. ' ' .' . ' I v - mm of ta l ROOF SECOND fXOOR t , . ducted as an official affair, through your board of what? V Mr. Carter. The board of Immigra tion. - , Senator Reed. Of immigraticrn? Mr. Carter. Yes, sir. Senator Reed. Then you said the Federal authorities said that it could not be done any longer in that way? Mr. Carter, No, ; sir; I said Cong ress changed the act. V , ' Senator Reed. Congress changed the act. When did it change the act? : . Mc. Carter, r have "forgotten tbe date when it was (hanged, but the act was changed, and it was made to read, ' that no individual or ' person could contribute, directly or indirect ly, and then we shopped it - Senator Reed. . ; Then vyou proceed ed to have ' ; Mr. Carter.. Na ' - . Senator Reed. . Then .the . legislature proceeded? ..; ' r Mr. Carter. I think 1 was out of office then. . ;:. v- ' : . Senator Reed.' Then.. after this act of Congress was amended,' asj . you have Just stated, the leglslaturja , of Hawaii proceeded to enact an income tax of 2 per cent upon the sugar in dustry? ' - . , - x Mr, Carter. Upon'all. corporations. Senator Reed. Upon;" all- corpora tions for the. purposebf Vdreatlng a fund to continue the Nrork r so that now Instead of getting a) volunteer contribution as in the past, you, levy a tax, and in that way avoid the con ditions of the, amendment? Mr. Carter Yes," sir Senator Reed. And you Bay that they did that with the consent of the sugar planters? Mr. Carter. Who did? Senator Reed. That r the legisla ture, with the consent of the sugar planters - , ' Mr. Carter. Yes. - Senator Reed (continuing). Passed that act?- sr Mr. Carter. Yes i " Senator Reed. In other words, the sugar planters controlled your legis lature' absolutely did they ndt? - Mr. Carter. .No.-; :. Senator feeed. Do not the sugar in terests cf these islands, absolutely ex ercise a dominating Influence in the legislature? . - Mr. Carter. You ought to live there. You would see that they do not; some times pretty seriously do. not. . Senator Reed. Why did they have to consent to a tax, then, which the legislature had a right to levy? Mr. Carter. They 'did not have to consent, and the legislature had a right to levy it, but everybody did consent, and thereby secured the co operation of the legislation. Senator Reed. So that the consent was a mere form. That is, instead of the planters voluntarily paying the money direct, as they had previous to the amendment of the law, they now consented to the passage of an act which would levy a tax unon all n! them, and that tax would be devoted to exactly the same purpose as their volunteer contributions had previous ly been devoted to? That is correct, is it not? : ' - Mr. Carter. Your question calls for too much. You see, the tax that was levied covered conservation as well as immigration. Senator Reed. The conservation of what? ' . Mr. Carter.- The conservation of ter ritorial natural resources. Senator Reed. But part of this tax, it was understood, anyway, would be devoted to Importing people? ; Mr. Carter. That is so, in the bill. Senator Reed. And then the gov ernment of Hawaii proceeded, under that subterfuge, to avoid a statute passed bj the United States and con tinues to import people into the terri tory in violation cf that law? Mr. Carter. It was no subterfuge. It was an open bill passed by the legis lature. . Senator Reed. Well, call it a de vice. They continued to do the same thing. .. , Mr. Carter. They proceeded to car ry out the provisions of that act. Senator Reed. How many people have been imported into the Islands under this device? Mr. Carter. - I think probably an other four or five thousand. I could not say definitely. Senator Reed. Is that going on yet? Mr. Carter. Yes; I think it is, and will go on as long as there is such an Income tax. . SenatorReed. You spoke a little while ago about bringing these peo ple in for the purpose of Americaniz ing the islands? Mr. Carter. Yes. - Senator Reed. Did you think you were Americanizing the islands very fast when you were importing Portu guese from the Azores? Mr. Carter. . Some of our finest cit izens are delscendants from Portu guese, educated in Hawaii. Senator Reed. That was your idea cf making . this truly an American country? i ''j ?: y-..-- Mr. Carter. Not necessarily. , We were endeavoring to make the com munity there homogeneous with the mainland, raising the standard of liv ing, and reaching for higher Ideals and educating the children to better standards. V Senator Reed. Yes. You say when, these people come to the islands they . are perfectly free to go and work for whomsoever they please; but, as. Is matter of fact, there is nobody to vork for except the gentlemen whb have paid their fares over there, is there?-; y.:y ."Vr- -Vy -' ;k X J Mr. Carter. Why, yes, sir; a great many stay in the towns and many of them get on the steamer and immedi ately go to San Francisco. 'Senator Reed. But tor all business purposes those who stay have to look for their employment to the Bugar industry, and that is why the sugar, Industry put up the money to bring, them over, Is it not? sj , ' j Mr. Carter. There i8a-certaln stip-t ply and demand for labor, andas the supply increases it; makes it possible to increase production. ; ; j . Senator Reed. At the time you ( landed 4,000 of these human beings in your port the only real place for them to get work was from be men who put up the money to bring them there? ,ri;y '' ' ' , Mr. Carter; No, sir; they could get ork from others. It was voluntary. For Instance, there were sugar plant-' ers. that did not contribute that got some of the labor. When it was done by tax many of them . that arrive go to work' for their friends clerks in stores and as - porters, and whatever they can get. r ; . , Senator Reed. But the real source of the labor, certainjy, the substantial source, is the sugar, plantations? . . J Mr. Carter. But you put into my . mouth the statement that they all go there. Sonafnr TleA Oh nnf T1 of thpm I Baythat is the real great, substan-lands been taken up? yv -,! tial source or market' where they can! Mr. Carter. You are now inserting sell their labor with the sugar plant-Ja different qualification. You "Said er is It not? ; y . first of all'tbe good lands. Now you Mr. Carter, Yes;! but they do not;say all good sugar lands. I 'will say all go there. .;; Senator Reed. Is not this also true: That It was not the idea of American izing the islands by bringing in the Portuguese that' was the dominant thought; but is it not a well-known fact that you found your Japanese workmen , had become somewhat bel ligerent, or rthat is ' not the proper term they had become rather unruly and ' untrustworthy, and you were seeking a more docile labor; is not that a well-known fact out there? Mr. Carter. No, sir; on the con trary, it was very difficult to get the plan into operation; and what you quote is not a well-known fact, nor is it SO. yo. ,.; v: ,- --- . . y. v; i Senator Reed. That your Japanese had become rather unruly and untrust worthy?: . "; ":. Mr. Carter. No, sir. Your question involves an intimation that we were seeking a lower class of labor, a more docile class. Senator Reed. Yes ; a more docile class. : y ' Mr. Carter. No, sir; we were seek ing a class that could, became Ameri can citizens . after we had educated them. ? j 1 :' . y Senator Reed. ; They why did you not send to the north of .Europe, where they have blood that makes American citizens, finally, instead of sending down to a country that has lived un der a king always? Mr. Carter. I will answer that Those who come from the north tem perate zone are not content to live in the tropics. We find that those who come from regions that are more or less tropical are more content, they fit the life better, and they are hap pier and better off; and as to sending to this country, we had made several attempts, but emigration will not flow from this country to Hawaii until the west is filled up, and that is some distant time In the future. It will not now so flow naturally. Senator Reed. All the good land3 of these islands are owned by these su gar companies, are they not? Mr. Carter. No, sir. Senator Reed. Is. there any consid erable amount of good land that is open there to anybody except to these sugar companies and possibly a very few others? Mr. Carter. There is. Senator Reed. I am glad to have the Information. It is contrary to my un derstanding. Mr. Carter. We will be glad to have you, or anyone you can recommend, come out and take up a homestead, and we will give you a 399-year lease of it for the cost of recording your deed. :"' Senator Reed. I know that you have plenty of land. I am talking about land that will produce sugar. f Mr. Carter. There is plenty of good land. Senator Reed. Have not nearly all GAS I StandaLfrd MARINE AND STATIONARY Gas' Engine Those In use locally are giving abso lute satisfaction. Fuel (gasoline, benzine or distillate) consumption up to 10 H. P'lt -about 1-8 to 1-9 gallons per horsepower ". y . hour. . t- . r -: - 7 I '.'Ik T "1 4 H. P. to 150 H. P. v !o" rf th o-nnH Rnnr liindi of vonr lsl- no, tney are not an taaen up. Senator Reed. Is not almost airthe good sugar land taken up? , ' Mr. Carter. It is almost all taken up or developed, but it is not all own ed by the sugar men or corporations. Senator Reed. Is not 90 per cent Of it? y -Jy Mr. Carter. Owned by the sugar cor porations? - i . Senator Reed. The sugar corpora tions or tho Individuals who are of the wealthy class? Mr. Carter. No; I think the govern ment owns more than .10 per cent of the sugar lands. ' I should say that the government and the. Bishop estate to gether. own more than 10 per cent of the sugar land. Senator Reed. The government owns this? Mr. Carter. Yes; It will revert to the government. There are many cases where the land has been token away from the sugar men and cut uPj",,,, Into homesteads ana turnea over to the people. v- Senator Reed sugar industry eteat standby? And you say , the is practically your Mr. Carter. Yes; absolutely. Senator Reed. The whole Islands depending upon it? - Mr. Carter. Yes, sir. Senator Reed, And that source of 5Jyour wealth is in the hands of these IWW WilU aiC AllVi . Europe? : Mr. Carter. No, sir; the territory of Hawaii Is importing the labor. Senator Reed. Well, in this . round about way. That is all. v A recess was here taken from 1:15 p. m. to 3 o'clock p. m. Mr. Carter. Mr. Chairman, may I ask if I may be excused at this time? The Chairman. I think so. I do not know of any other questions. Do you wish to ask him any further questions, Senator Walsh? Senator Walsh. No. . The Chairman, or, you may go. Very well, govern- Money makes the money. the man who makes A Clear 3 Complexion may be gained and skin troubles overcome and prevented, by. the use of Glenn's Sulphur Soap Sold by , JVC. t I & m a Emim 99 Investigate these three before before making a Jlnasec " tngeco Gat Engines from Vz H. P. up. Adaptable to ALL the needs of the Farm, Ranch and country home for which power is desired. j Operates on KEROSENE, DISTILLATE or r -1. i AH valves In head .or top of cylinder and directly over piston. Fourcycle motor. Rapid water circulation. Large bearings.. Large base doors and hand-holes. Simplicity in construction. s ..... Uses Gasoline, Benzine, Distillate; 3 to 75 H. P.; 1 to 6 cylinders We carry them all In stock; more details furnished. ' . ' Honolulu, Hawaii U. S. SURVEY . . ' ' . The island of Maui has an area of 728 square miles and is the second largest of the Hawaiian ' group. Its srl 47 miles from northwest to southeast The great est width Is about 25 miles and tbe least width, across the Isthmus con necting east and west Maul, is six or seven miles. .' x Erosion has produced some pictur- 'fW "70M on ',a;v", iT-irT. iV v.itT j most notable Om la Iao yalley, we broad amphitheater atthe 4000 feet below the summit or fuu kukui overlooking it. west Maui Is much the older of the two Maul mountains. No trace of the or iginal crater that must have formed it seems to exist. From the summit, at an elevation of 5790 feet, many sharp ridges that have been worn al most to knife-edges radiate In nearly every direction. East Maui is one of the young er mountains of the group. 'Its cra ter, Haleakala, at the summit, 10,000 feet above sea level, is the largest extinct crater in tbe world and Is as well preserved as If its fires were extinguished but yesterday. The cra ter Is 20 miles in circumference and 2000 feet deep and contains many cinder cones, some of which rise 700 feet above Its floor. The shore line of Maui is fairly regular, there being no prominent points or capes.. Cliffs exist -on the northeastern coast, but they are not very high. Maalaea, on the south side of the isthmus, Is the largest bay. The only harbor Is Kahului, on the north side of the Isthmus; . The rainfall varies greatly in dif ferent parts of the island. On the west and south coasts it ranges from 20 to 30 inches annually and semiarld conditions prevail. On the northeast coast the rainfall Is heavy, ranging from 100 to 300 Inches or more.. Streams are numerous on the north eastern and southern slopes of East Maui, but the. largest and: most con stant streams are on West "Maui. Practically all the streams are used to Irrigate cane and taro. Taro, the staple root crop of the south Pacific staple root crop oi xne soutn racmc :JZVL0 also grown, both requiring Irrigation. 'An interesting description of the island and records of stream and ditch flow gathered during an ihvestl- aUyeyVU Territory of Hawaii, are contained !n i Water-supply Paper 318, a copy ; of WATER Oral COVERED IN THE ssty. r ... parcha ;e. General Utility Engln for Farm, Dairy, Small Electric Plant, Coffee Mills, Pumping Plants for Irrigating and Domes tic Uses. V UASOLINE. "Economy Visualized "The All Day Motor Essentially a high-speed marine and stationary engine. Co which may be obtained on application to the , Director of the Survey at Washington- D. C. y FRANCE ALERT TO ANTI-MIL1TAR1SM ' tny Latrst Mall PARIS, France. As a result of the debate on tho interpellations con- ice rning - antl-lmperiallst propaganda in the army, a vote of confidence ln by maJof" . " The order of the day included a f enln all cases of anti-militarism. a GOULD ;:ot 'JiiL" . Sh Wfl So III Restcrcd la Health by Lydia EPis!i. ham's Vejclabb Compound. Pentwater, Mich. "A year sjtoIwsj very weak and the doctor said I had a serions dispiace ment. I had back ache and bearing down pains so bad that I could not sit in a chair or walk across the floor and I was in severe pain! all the time. I felt discouraged aa I had taken everything I could think of and was no better. I began taking Lydia E. Pinkham's Veg etable Compound and now I am strong and healthy." Mrs. ALICE DaXltng, R.F.D. No: 2, Bo? 77, Pentwater, Mich. BeadWliatAnotherWoman says: Peoria, I1L "I had such backaches that I could hardly stand on my feet. I would feel like crying out lots of times, and had such a heavy feeling in my right side. I had such terrible dull headaches every day and they would make me feel so drowsy and sleepy all the time, yet I could not sleep at nighL "After I had taken Lydia RPinkhanVa Vegetable Compound a week I began to . improve. My backache was less and j h t x my tide veQt S the Com- I Pond and am cured. . . , " You may publish this if you wish." Miss Claba L. GAUWTTZ, R.R. No. 4, Box 62, Peoria, 111. ' , - . E. Hnkham'a Vegble Compomd for woman's 12a. ; .Why don't you try it? :