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"If any man hauls down the American flag, shoot him on the spot!"--Gov. Dix of New York, in the Civil War
1 jl JlSll IIIIIXIa
Evening Iluileiin. Et. IS.sj,. No. f.T'.it
Hawaiian Ftftr. Vol. XXIV. No. 77i 1
-HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII. TUESDAY". APRIL : 1!17
PRICE FIVE CENTS
i . OO " OO . XK OO OO
-J. " . - - . - .'.',,
: v .Sil PIE: -.SSSB'r 1
(Associated Press by Federal Wireless)
WASHINGTON, D. C., April 3. The United
States is really at war with Germany now, and
more military action awaits only the formal recog
nition of Congress, which may be secured tonight.
Senators of the committee on foreign relations
at a meeting at 10 this morning approved the sen
ate, resolution declaring that a state of war exists
between the United States and Germany;
The vote was unanimous except for Senator
Stone of Missouri, chairman of the committee and
member of the' filibustering group in the last ses
sion. Stone 0 voted in the negative. O therwise
Democrats : and Republicans stood shoulder to
shoulder in backing up the president.
Senator Borah of Idaho was absent.
RESOLUTION PUTS BURDEN
OF WAR ON GERMANY 1
The resolution which the senate will be called
upon to pass later today says in part: "Whereas
the Imperial German Government has committed
"repeated acts of war. against ' the government and
people of the United States, be it resolved by the
senate and : the house o f representatives of the
United States Congress that the state of war be
tween German and the United States which has
been thrust upon the United States is hereby form
The resolution further authorizes and directs!
the president "to employ the entire naval and mili
tary forces and resources of the government to
carry war against the German government, and
to bring the conflict to a successful termination.
AH the resources of the country are hereby pledged
by Congress to the carrying on of the war."
Senator Stone said that he will not make a
minority report, but he is expected to speak on the
floor of the senate, protesting against the United
States going to war with Germany.
An effort will be made to put through the reso
lution before the senate adjourns tonight, it was
learned from Democratic leaders today.
STOflE MAY SPEAK
AGAINST WAR FROM
FLOOR OF SENATE
(AtsoclaMd Prs by Federal Wireless)
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 3.
Senator Gilbert M. Hitchcock
of Nebraska, ranking member of
the foreign affairs committee, is
now Tirtually at the head of. the
committee because of Senator
Stone's refusal to stand with the
administration. He led the con-
rlderation of the me sure in com-
mlttee today and ai'r the com-
mittee approved the resolution,
he ' took it to a meeuag of the -f
house foreign affairs committee
to show what changes in the
wording had been made by the
This was 1 in .order that the'
resolution shkll pass both houses
in precisely the same form.
Congress is meeting today to
act on President Wilson's request
to declare that the state of war
exists -and it is desired to have
both hduses go on. record in com-
plete unity, even in wording of
the resolution. ' .
19 survivors OF aztec; only small lighty Army and Navy Wil
uttht cnb tuc nun uahm-am can nno! ?i ? i
nurt run iiiL i ivl fiHUHimi oHiLuao I imtYrn
FIND OPIUM IN
About J1500 worth of opium and a
large a6sOitment of Hookers' acces
sories including pipes, lamps, empty
tins and so forth, wpre confiscated
when United ?tate3 Customs Inspec
ors M:Nicoli. Co:ett, .Miller and Oli
veira raided i Chinese poi shop at
1202 Nuuanu avenue abcut 10 o'clock
Monday morning and arrested the
shopkeeper. Sun Wai. Following his
arrest Suu Wai was released by Unit
ed States Commissioner George S.
Curry under a $1000 bon 1 to appear
for a hearing at 2 o'clock this afternoon.
The Ned Harrigan Club of New
York presented to President Wilson an
engraving in which the president Is
the central figure, surrounded by pic
tures of Washington, Jefferson. Pat
rick Kenry, Benjamin Franklin, Grant
(A twitted Pre SerTl tr Fderl Winlm)
, ' '
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 3 A despatch to the state depart-
-f ment from Ambassador Sharp at Paris says that 19 survivors of the
torpedoed American steamer Aztec have been landed at Brest Twenty-
4- eight are still missing and their rescue is doubtful 'on account of the .
storms and heavy seas now running.
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 3. Five Hawaiians were among the ltf
Americans believed to have been drowned when the American armed
steamer Aztec, Captain Walter O'Brien, was sunk by a German submarine
without warning off the coast of France last Sunday night. Among the
other Americans feared for are some of the bluejackets of the naval guard
which Uncle Sam had placed upon the steamer when she left New York
for Brest, last" month.
, These are the first American naval sailors to fall victim of the Prussian
pirates, and their murder without warning and without a chance to escape
from the fate the sea-sneak had in store for them, is held to add yet-an-other
to the overt acts which Germany has been guilty of since the first
' violation of her pledge to the United States, by beginning unrestricted
The names of the Hawaiians believed to have been drowned are:
Julian R. Macomber, Honolulu. ;Y
Charles Pinapolo, Honolulu.
Ekila Kaoki, Hawaii.
Tato Davis, Hawaii.
H. K. Price, Hawaii
The naval guard was in command of Lieut. William Fuller Gresham.
With 12 men he was assigned to the Eecond of the life boats that left the
. steamer after she was torpedoed, according to despatches from the French
admiralty to the French embassy here, and was among those saved.- But
11 of his men, who were ordered to another fife boat, have not been heard
from and it is believed' they were drowned in the tremendous sea that was
, running when the submarine struck. These men were in the first of the
life boats to leave the Aztec. The boat was capsized shortly after leaving
the side of the steamer, and none of the men in her were recovered.
The third boat, with the second officer and 18 niembers of the ship's
- crew, is also missing and it is believed that they also are drowned.
WILSON IN BURNING WORDS CALLS
CONGRESS TO DECLARE STATE OF WAR
(Associated Prns Serrto by f ederal WlralMt)
WASHINGTON, D. C, April 3. "To thus address yon is an oppressive,
"For this nation there may b? many months of fiery .trial and heavy
sacrifice ahead. But right is more precious than peace and in entering this
conflict we fight for tnose things that have been always nearest to wir
hearts, for democracy, for the right. that those who submit to authority
shall have a voice in their government, that the rights of small nations to
exist and exercise dominion within their own boundaries be universally rec
ognized and that the world itself may at last be made free..
'To such a task we dedicate cur lives, our fortunes, everything we .ire
and everything we have, with the pride of those who know the day has come
when America is privileged to she.l her blood and spend-her might for the
principles that gave her birth and brought her happiness and peace. .
"God helping her, she can do no other."
PRESIDENT USES LIVING WORDS
With these words President Wilson closed a magnificent and stirring
address to Congress (n-joint session last night, in which he called upon the
representatives of the people of the United States to declare war upon the
gtvernr "nt of Germany because of it 3 inhumane methods of warfare anu
its continued acts of war upon the citizens of the United States.
The President made it plain tliat war against the German peopU is
not desired and.tbat towards the people of Germany, whether at homeor
abroad, the people of the Un!te 1 States feel no enmity. .
AUSTRIAN AMBASSADOR IS BARRED
He called for a suspension of judgment- as regards Austro-Hungary to
await the actions of that Power, in the meanwhile announcing that he :
would refuse to receive the new Austrian ambassador. Count von Tarnow.
After recking the restraint exercised by the United States in the face"
of repeated outrages by the commanders of German submarines and in the
face of the repeated violations of their pleJges by the German government,
the President sard: , '
'The new policy of submarine warfare announced by the German gov
ernment and carried cut through the past several weeks has swept aside
every restriction of civilized warfare and every right of the neutral states.' ,
Vessels cf every kind and of every flag are being sent to the bottom : With-'
out warning and without thought of rendering help to the members o.tlie,.
crews or of showing the least mercy to defenseless honcombatants.' , -1 ,
"The present submarine warfare against ships of commerce is a warfare
WASHINGTON U. C, April o. -r- fcvery
agency is moving swiftly today to gird tHc nation
against that government which the president in his
message characterized as "the natural foe of
The cabinet is in a war session today which .will
become historic, called to discuss the extension of
credits to nations now at war against Germany. .
Also the cabinet is considering the raising of. money
by taxation for the use of the United States, the
equipment of the navy for the fullest efficiency to
cope with the submarine menace and the raising of
a huge army. '
It is learned that the army of 500,000 which it
is proposed to, raise is only the first increment of
the great military organization which will be built
!up, if necessary, to uphold the rights of this nation
I and of humanity against the menace of German
i militarism on land and sea.
against mankind. The indiscriminate destruction of lives and propertyjs
a challenge to all mankind. . .
"There is one choice w hich we are incapable of making. ... We cannot
chocse the path of submission nor suffer ''the sacred rights of thfs nation
and of this people to be ignored and violated.
"I advise that you take immediate stepa not only to put this country
into a more thorough state for d-fense, but that you exert all the power of
this nation and employ all its rescurres to bring the German Empire to
terms and to bring this war to an end. - " -. , ' " -
WILL COOPERATE WITH THE ENTENTE
"To bring the war to a 6peedy end involves the utmost practical coop
eration between this government and the governments of the"- Entente
Powers, Incidental to which mu?t be an extension of the most liberal fin
ancial credits to those governments. ':-:' ',..' : '
This involves the organization of and mobilization of all the material
resources of the country towards the supplying of materials of war and
the solving of our needs. '
"This involves the full equipping cf our navy in all respects, particu- .
larly with, those vessels and weapons dealing with the destruction of or
capture cf submarines; it involves the immediate addition to the.,anned-;
forces of the United States and the plans of the general staff for an army of
fiOO.000 should, in my opinion, be chosen and acted upon. - ; , -
URGES UNIVERSAL MILITARY. SERVICE .. -! ' " --'
"The principle of the universal liability of all youths lor military, ser
vice shculd be incorporated into law. and as a subsequent need there roust -be
legislation in addition to enforce some well conceived taxation plan.: ,
"MORE tenElc;!p 123456 7S9 . r ' .. ' . '
"So far as possible we must keep open the channels whereby supplies
may be furnished to the armies and the people of the Entente. : '
"Our object now is as It formerly was, to, vindicate the principle of ;
peace and Justice and preserve the life of the world against a selfish autoo
racy, a power set up amongst the really free and the self-governed. - '
"We must act in' concert with such other free peoples la" purpose and
action henceforth as to ensure the obcervance of the principles of freedom
&nd Justice. ' ' J . '. ' "' " ' -v '-' V" ' si -v ' v-
"Neutrality isno longer feasible ncr desL-able where' the peace of the
world is Involved and the freedom of Its peoples Is at stake. Today Germany
stands as a menace to the world's peace, while freedom lies at the mercy of
; and depends for its continued existence upon; the dictation ;qf autocratic
governments backed by organized force. " '':-' ' '- " - ' '
"We have no quarrel with the German people. We have tio feeling to- .
wards them but sympathy and friendship; but with' Prussian autocracy wa--'
can never be friends. The autocracy filled our community with spies and
set on foot many criminal Intrigues. ,lt is most evident that the spies de- .
spatched to these shores were sent only to prepare for war with 'us."
, "We are now about to accept the gage of battle with the natural foe
ot liberty and we shall, V necessary, spend the whole force of this nation
to nullify the pretension'and the power of that foe. . , - ' ;, '
"We are glad thus to fight for the ultimate peace of the world and fcr
the liberation of its peoples, the Germans Included. We accept this chal
, knge to combat for the rights of all n ations, great and small, for . the privi
lege that men everywhere shall choose their own way and be masters or
their own lives. '.Vv, - - . . ' '."- : -.'. .