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HONOLULU STAB-BULLETIN, MONDAY; JULY 30, 1917.
Our Flag, Its Histories and Anniversaries oo oo oex oo Laws and Etiquette Governing Its Display RILEY H. ALLEN ' - EDITOR MONDAY..: Jl'LY 30. 1917. Fly your flags tomorrow and show that you are an American Your Place on Registration Day Hawaii will on Tuewluy know who in entitled tova place on the nation's roll of honor. That i what registration meani and the eri otisnewi of the o-aion should find appropriate expression in wurli manner as may be jxwwible to every individual. .' Tho -President tells u that for the work in hand there is no. plae? for the man who thinks only Of. himself. Sol i1 sacrifice is the ruling spirit of the hour. Those between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-one, know exactly what to do. They will be prompt to do it. , " T!i dntr of those outside that age limitation u in an Hpfinite. Do fibniethine. Stir yourself and find the work for which you are best suited. The least your country demand of you ia. that heart, hand, soul and by-word of mouth you stand staunchly behind the boy i on the honor roll. Hawaii's' Big Ad Talk about advertising! Hawaii's National Guard record that upset all the figures for the draft quota had first place on the fronit page with bold head lines in the news papers throughout the country on Sunday, July 15, The ; best advertising is that which gives its message so clearly that he who runs may read. There could have been no more definite atate r cnt that Hawaii has full value behind the goods. And 'the beauty of it waa that Hawaii had no ether thought than a desire to do ,it full duty Vy the country. A "BONE-DRY" ARMY. : (From the Atlanta Constitution) In respect to liquor-drinking privileges the United lates army; today ia the driest it has ever been in :.s history of the republic Legally, and to all in nts and purposes, the army is bone dry. Inter : cting the "liquor clause" of the conscription bill, -roved by the president May 18 and concurrently "ornlng effective, Attorney-General Gregory has j that it Is unlawful to server-een or give a : : of any form" of intoxicant to any soldier In : form, which makes the army bone dry while on . :y ; and the occasions when a soldie will be r.d in civilian garb r-will probably for many tlis to come be exceedingly rare. The soldier drinks knows better than, anyone else that a . -ken man is a mighty frail reed; h. knows bet than anyone else that an army, to be efficient, t be sober.. UncleSam Vsoldiers put patriotism I national success at arms first In the equation, 1 for that reason, if for no other, there is little I hood that any of . them' are going to strenuous el ject to the antigrog regulation. - t v. . ' . ' ' .V , "V . . . . . , . . i : , ' ' German' applicants, for American Vcitixenship ? barred during the continuation of the war. ; It aid not be otherwise,: -But while these men are ..King, there is ample opportunity .'for theni to con :ct themselves as Amerjeau cUizens.-; There Is no ' wv against their rendering service to the country ; i word, act and deed.V " - lt Borne time when you feel Rustlike exploViing on a ic but restrain yourself because the nation's bus! 1 s does not make your explosion timely or neces rr, just bear in mind that after it is all over you ill have forgotten that you were ever excited over the country should be run; r. Every bomb raid on. the defenseless women and ildren is toVthe American a bitter reminder of rly days when the Ted Indian marked his path by : .thless murder, torture, scalping parties and child ' u.-hter. History tells what our forefathers did. Can we do eBTX:S'i::'-v'i:v . One of the mpst remarkable things about the Out--r club is that such a numerically strong organ .it ion should still be so obviously weak when it wv ir.es to getting anything done towards keeping the I rich in a condition appropriate to its reputation. Hake no mistake, Miy Sheriff. -If you can't con 1 rol booze and the vice dens, someone else will. Your f ilure will mean the wiping out of one phase of I cal self-government, and men who playxfieap poli i ics will be responsible for the loss of popular.rights, Xo American citizen can be neutral on the issues ow before the country. He is either for or against '.Is country, : And If he be not for his country he . properly placed as an ally of, the common enemy. The person asking for information regarding St: Paul and Minneapolis failed to sign his name to his- communication. If he will make himself known to this paper an effort will be made to -ain the desired facts. - If you Want to hear sound doctrine, attend a fcssion of Judge Polndexter's court when aliens take the i oath that places them among the citi . chs .of the United " States. Local police incompetence will be a guarantee of I .' nr.lnlu being "bone 2ry" during the war. But no t wants it to come that way.; ..? : ; -u Th Arcricr'h The Honor of The Draft The Chicago Tribune believes that draft day should be recognized by being made a day of pa triotic celebration. If this Ik? true of the draft day. there would seem to be little or no ground for failure to observe Registration day by quitting whatever business might interfere with the work to be done and the patriotism to lie fired on that day. The Tribune gives a splendid statement of the principle of the draft which every citizen may Veil read, mark, learn and inwardly digest. The Tribune says: The day nuruera tre drawn for the first Amer ican draft since 1S63 should be made a day of patriotic celebration. Thfct day will be historic. It v ill see the per formance of a solemn act of state of the highest dignity and consequence. By this act the world's xnifbtlest republic, the world- greatest community of free men. will nominate those of its citizens who are to be its defenders on the field of battle. This In inch a democracy as ours is an august expression of tha orderly will of a free people moving for their own security and welfare through law enacted by their representatives in the exer ' else of the people's sovereignty. It does not differ from the call for volunteers except as any other due process-" of law is different from the process of private initiative. We do not adopt the volun teer system for jury service. When there is riot or other public service our laws permit the draft ing of citizens for the common service. We do not rely cpon volunteers to pay taxes. All of these functions are not only necessary to a civilized so ciety; they are honorable in the highest degree. The principle of the draft has been abused and distorted by sentimentalists and mischie! makers. In other republics it has been recognized to be what It is. the orderly expression of the highest duty of citizenship. In a despotism it is an ex pression of the will of the despot. In a democracy like ours it is the expression of the people's will, formulated by the people's representatives like other laws we bind ourselves by our citizenship to obey. The draft in ' a free state is therefore voluntary In the final sense as the expression of our col lective will. Every man who is drafted can feel that he is taking up service by his own will. He has willed to be an American citizen. He has willed to partake in and obey the laws enacted for the common welfare by himself and his fellow citi zens through their chosen representatives. A free man expresses his freedom in a free country by obeying the laws he or his fellow freemen have made. There has been a deal of buncombe and vicious fallacy, spread abroad to defeat the draft Com mon sense will clear it away. The draft of an auto . crat is an act of despotism. The draft of a republic is the will of the people, conveying the highest re sponsibility and therefore the highest honor upon the citizens whom It calls. 4 ' Let the drafted man, therefore, receive the sa ints of the nation. The republic has called him in its great need. It has given Urn the accolade. Freedom has named him her knight, and he goes to fight as his heroic predecessors fought for the Stars and 8tripe8 in the wars of the republic. If the drafted man is not proud to be called to the colors he does not lelong to the great tradition of American freemen. But we are confident he' will be proud and that the republic will have cause to be proud of him. . That 1180,000,000 "saved" through the n-w price of bituminous coal did not provoke a loud hurrah in the suburbs where the furnaces are trained to burn only anthracite. New York Herald. The Cologne Gazette says Germany will settle ac counts with Raemaekers. Germany has learned that a pillory may be made out of a scrap of paper. Philadelphia Ledger. German reports are preparing the way for a great German victory by assuming that the latest British drives waa aimed at Antwerp at the very least. Springfield Republican. To one who has to travel them, Honolulu's holey roads are as much a source of disgust as the re ligions sect whose name sounds much the same. Incidents of the battlefield leave no doubt that when Russia is finally settled down, universal suf frage will mean that women vote. Between the Tommies' bit and the Sammies' share every opportunity for world service bids fair to be taken up along the west front. Do you know the meaning of misprision of trea sons? It will be well for all citizens to look it up. And then quit gossiping. The disagreement smoldering between Germany and Austria may be described as a, rift in the loot. London Opinion. , People who always look through magnifying glass are first cousins to those who look through a glass darkly. Deseret News. - Where are those cantoneers that were adopted in principle, immediately the new surtervisors took office? Sometimes we wonder if thera is a Mrs. Hoover and what happens in her kitchen. New York Sun. Seven cent sugar does not bring the satisfaction of the four-cent excitement when peace reigned. arnival plans extensive but not expensive are en tirely practical and appropriate. That registration roll of tomorrow is Hawaii's roll of honor. ffprstirt of Ktrmsfcy; what has become of Car "A Lover of Old Glory" has pre sented the Star-Buiietin with a clip ping from Foreign Service on the history of the flag and the laws and etiquet concerning it. Believing tho article contains, lots of information not generally known, it. is herewith reDfoduced: In June, 1776. a committee of con press, arcomranied by Gen. Washing ton, called upon BeUy Ross of Phila delphia and engaged her to make a model flag from a rough drawing, which was modified by Gen. Wash ington in pencH, and who at Betsy Ross' suggestion substituted a five pointed star for Jie star of she points which was m the original draft. The model made by Mrs. Ross was adopt ed an the official flag of the United States by act of congress passed on June 14, 1777. It consisted of 13 stripes, alternate red and white, with 13 stars in a blue field. The 13 stripes denote the 13 original colonies; its red denotes courage; Its white, purity; its blue, loyalty and devotion, and its stars, high aspirations and federal union. It embodies the purpose and history of the government Itself. It records the achievements of its de fenders upon land and sea. It heralds the heroism and sacrifice of our Revo lutionary fathers, who planted free government on thl.i continent and dedicated it to liberty forever. It at tests the struggles of our army and the valor of our citizens in all th wars of the republic It has been sanctified by the blood of our bes". and bravest. It records the glorious work of Washington and the martyr dom of Lincoln. It has been bathed in the tears of a freedom-loving peo ple and proclaims that they are su preme and acknowledge no earthy sovereign other than themselves. Vet erans, no wonder you love that flag! God give it to all of us in our hearts that we may share with you that love, that reverence, and that same spirit of willingness to die for the Star Spangled Banner! (From an address by Channlng PL Cox, speaker Masaa chusetts house of representatives, de livere don Flag day, 1916, at Haver hill, Mass.) FLAG ANNIVERSARIES January 1-2, 1776: Grand Unioc Flag (British union and . 13 stripes) hoisted over Washington's headquar ters at Cambridge, Mass. This was the first real flag of the colonies. February 8, 1776: Colonial con gressional committee accepted naval flag, consisting of 13 stripes, alternate red and white, with a rattlesnake diagonally across it. March 17, 1776: The first display of the Grand Union Flag in Boston was on the day that town was evacu ated by the British. November 16, 1776: First foreign salute to an American flag. This was to the Grand Union Flag, and waa givea by the Dutb Governor De Graaf, at the island of St. Eustatiu? to the brig Andrea Doria, commanded by Capt. Robinson. June 14, 1777: First strictly Amer lean flag decreed by congress. ThiJ flag displaced the British union by 13 stars, and the first flag of this design was made by Betsy Ross, at her homo in Philadelphia. It contained 13 stripes, alternate red and white, and 13 white stars upon a blue field. June 14, 1777: Captain Jonn Pau' Jones appointed to the command of the Ranger. It was Jones who first displayed the Stars and Stripes on u naval vessel. It was also he wtio had previously first hoisted "the flag' of America" on board the naval vessel Alfred in 1775. , August 3, 1777: First display of the Stars and Stripes was over Fort Stan wtx. N. Y. September 11, 1777: The American flag first carried in battle at th Brandywlne. This was the firBt great battle fought after its adoption by the continental congress. January 28, 1778: First appearance on a foreign stronghold at Nassau. Bahama Islands. The Americans cap tured Fort Nassau from the British, and promptly raised the Stars and Stripes. February 14, 1778: First foreign salute to the Stars and Stripes. John Paul Jones entered Queberon Bay, near Brest, France, and received a salute of nine guns from the French fleet, under Admiral La Motte Piquet. Jones had previously saluted the French fleet with 21 guns. April 24, 1778: John Paul Jones achieved the honor of being the first officer of the American Navy to com pel a regular British man-of-war to strike her colors to the new flag. February 3, 1783: First appearance of the American flag in a British port by the ship Bedford, of Massachusetts, which arrived in the River Thames on this date. September 13, 1784: First display ed in China by Capt John Green o" the Empress in Canton River. The natives said It was as beautiful as a flower, and the Chinese continued to FLAG ETIQUETTE The flag should b raised at sunrise and lowered at sunset. It may be raised at other times, but should never be left out at night, except when it is under the fire of an enemy. On Memorial day the flag should be displayed at half-mast from sunrise until noon, and at the peak from noon until tun- set. In raisin the flag to half- 6taff or half-maat. It should al- 4- ways be run to the peak and then lowered one breadth of the flaf. In retiring it, it should first b run back to the peak and then retired. It should never be al- Jowed to touch the ground. When the Star-Spangled Ban- ner is played or sung stand and remain atanding, in silence, un- til it is finished. 4 When the flag is passing, on parade, or in review, if you are 4- walking, halt; if sitting, rise, stand at attention, and uncover. The flag should never be worn as the whole or part of a cos- tume. As a badge it should be worn over the left breast. In decorating, the flag should never be festooned or draped; always hung flat. v If hung so stripes are horizon- tal, union should be in upper left 4- corner. If hung perpendicularly, union should be In right upper corner. 4- When the national flag and an- 4- other flag fly from the same pole 4-4- there should be double halyards, 4 4- one for each flat, 4- The flag should never be 4 4- placed below a person sitting. 4 4- ' When carried in parade, or 4- when crossed with other flags, 4 4- the Stars and Stripes should al- 4 4- ways be at right. 4- When the flag is used in un- 4 4- veiling a statue or monument 4-4- it should not be allowed to fall 4-; 4- to the ground, but should be 4 4- carried aloft to wave out, form- 4- ing a distinctive feature during 4 4- the remainder of the ceremony. 4- When the flag is placed over 4 4- a bier or casket the blue field 4 4- should be at the head. 4- As an altar covering, the union 4-4- should be at the right as you 4 4- face the altar, and nothing should 4 4- be placed upon the flag except 4 the holy Bible. 4 4- The flag should never be re- 4 4- versed except In case of distress 4 at sea. .4-4-4- call it the "flower flag" for many years. v September 30, 1787-August 10, 1790. The American flag completed its first trip around the world, borne oy the ship Columbia, sailing from Boston. January 13, 1794: American flag changed by act of congress, owing to. two new states (Kentucky and Ver mont) being admitted to the Union. The flag now had two stars and two stripes added to it, making 15 stripes and stars. This was the Star-Spangled Banner, and under this flag our coun try fought and won three wars to maintain her existence the so-called naval war with France in 1798; that with the Barbary States In 1S01-1805; and that with England in 1812-1815. January 26, 1813: U. S. frigate Essex, first warship to fly the Ameri can flag in the Pacific, after rounding Cape Horn The Essex destroyed British commerce in the Pacific to the amount of 16,000,000. Built at Salem, Mass., and launched Septem ber 30, 1799. April 4, 1818: Congress by act de creed a return to the original 13 stripes and a star for every state in the Union, to be added to the flag on the July 4 following a state's ad mission to the Unton. This is the present law in relation to the flag. August 24, 1824: The Stars and Stripes were raised for the first time over the cupola of the Massachusetts statehouse, on Beacon hill, on the occasion of the visit of Lafayette to Boston. August 10, 1831: The name "Old Glory" given to our national flag by Capt. William Driver of the brig Charles Doggart. The flag was pre sented to the captain and contained 110 yards of bunting. It is now said to be in the Essex Institute at Salem. October 18, 1867: First official dis play of the American flag in Alaska. On this day, at Sitka, the capital, the Russian flag was hauled down and the American flag run up before the barracks and in the presence of both Russian and American troops. 1 OUR FLAG 4 The constitution Is the basis of all law and the flag is its symbol. The American flag, the emblem of our country, is the third oldest na tional flag in the world. It represents liberty, and liberty means obedience to law. The flag contains 13 stripes, alter- Palama Investment Eight new double-decker tenement houses on Alapai Lane, on eight separate lots. Present income Total possible income . . Srle rtrire .... .$173.00 ...$212.00 .$12,800.00 Guardian Trust Co., Ltd. REAL ESTATE DEPT. & TeL 3688 Stansrenwald Bid: Would Never Be, Unless They Were Given Publicity, THE CflEERfUL CHERUD ff If You Wish yonr liih opinion of your fellow men to be known, you say so.- fllf You Have Products of value that will be of service to vour fellows, IJThey Are of No Real value until you tell others about lem. f It is Just the Same in business. hen you have something of real value to sell, yon tell about it. Paid Publicity Will Do It. COmDlfcX : wntJt lvt done. I didnH tKink tkajt 0ouir3 un Could posjiLly Aft 2 The general circulation of the O 1 Oft Star-Bulletin on July 25 wasOliU nate red and white, representing the 13 original states; and a star for each state in the Union. The field of the flag is the stripes, the Union Is the blue and the stars. The colors of the-flag are red, repre senting valor; white, representing hope purity and truth; blue, repre senting loyalty, sincerity and Justice; and its stars, high aspirations and federal union. The flag Is known hf Old Glory, Stars and Stripes, Star Spangled Banner, and the Red, White and Blue. The arrangement of the stars on the flag is regulated by law and executive order. An executive order, issued Oc tober 26, 1912, provided for 4S stars to be arranged in six horizontal rows of eight stars each. Starting In the upper left-hand cor ner and reading each row from left to right, gives the star of each state in the order of the state's ratifica tion of the constitution and admis sion to the Union, as follows: First, row 1, Delaware; 2, Pennsyl vania; "3, New Jersey; 4, Georgia; -f, Connecticut; 6, Massachusetts; 7 Maryland; 8, South Carolina. Second row 9, New Hampshire; 10, Virginia; 11, New York; 12, North Carolina; 13, Rhode Island; 14. Ver mont; 15, Kentucky; 18, Tennessee, Third row 17. Ohio; 18, Louisiana; 19, Indiana; SO, Mississippi; 21, Illi nois; 22, Alabama; 23, Mains; 24, Missouri. Fourth row 23, Arkansas; 26, Mich igan; 27, Florida; 28. Txas;.$ 29. Iowa; 30, Wisconsin; 21, California; 32, Minnesota. ? Fifth row 33, Oregon; 34, Kansas; 35, West Virginia; 36, Nevada; 37, Nebraska; 33, Colorado; 39, North Da kota; 40, South Dakota. Sixth row 41, Montana: 42, Wash ington; 43, Idaho; 44, Wyoming; 45, Utah; 46. Oklahoma; 47, New Mexico; 48, Arisona. The dimensions of the flag are fixed by an executive order Issued May 23. 1916. Its length should. be Just 14. time3 its height . ' v The union, or part of ,theflag on which the stars appear, should be seven stripes high and Its length 0.7 J of the height of the flag. The. stars are five-pointed, with one point di- At- 1 A -. . "What shall wa do for ersttement it the anti-boxing bJl becomes n law? "Well, we will rtm have peace meetings." The Lamb. . ;: : -'z :. v'.' ; . HONOLULU REAL ESTATE .J Nice building lot in Manoa - On improved street, Vancouver Highway, near cor-j ner of Armstrong. 20-foot alley fat ; rear. Large r Alsraroba trees. Good neighborhood. 100 x150 feet $1700- 4 I tt?n!ijj' ! BICBASS B. TSXSTt, FS28. L H. 8EADLB, SECT OHASJ. O. HXISEE. nL, TX1AB. Henry Waterhouse Trust Co., Ltd. FOR SALE i We offer a bargain at Halelena Park, Manoa ' Valley. New two-bedroom bungalow on lot con- taining 12,600 square feet. This tract hai, aU. modern conveniences, including paved streets., V No street assessments to pay. -; Price $5,000. .'. IP-:-- ' Particulars at 'our office. Henry Vaterhonse iTiiCplM. v:'. ' v'; Real Estate Agents . - '.. - . Corner Fort and Ilcrchnzt Z tre : t P.O.lJrtS'r ' 1 0 W' : ;: mi