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0 1M School and Home Garden Section Automobiles Churches Classified Ads HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII, SATURDAY. OCTOBER 13. 1917 PRICE FIVE CEXTS .Hro,' . .... p nnn , uailll B iucmcucu juuiiagt f Of Gasoline Is Now Averted Frederick A. Kormann, San Jrancisco Chemist, in Discovery Which Federal Government v Has Accepted Will Erect Special Plant Where Process Will Be Employed Makes Use 1 of Crude Oil, Getting Production of 52 Per Cent as Against : 6 Per Cent SAN FRANCISCO, Cat., Sept. 27. National shortage of gasoline, threat ening the successful prosecution of the war, has been averted by a San Francisco chemist. Through the discovery of a remarkable process for . distilling motor spirits by Frederick A. Kormann of this city, the output of gasoline in the United States will be Increased 12 fold. The shortage wyi he overcome and, through the patriotic tender of the discoverer, the United States lias been given the free use of the process during the iperiod of the war. i Uke the Midas touch Is the method which Kormann has put upon th great Industry whose product Is no vastly important to every activity of the military forces of the nation at this time. Gavin McNab Interested . . And his work which was brought befoTe the government through the ' agency of another San Franciscan. Gavin McNab, is revolutionary, accord ing to the reports of eminent oil experts. McNab took it up in the in terest solely of its benefits to the government at this critical time. The Federal government has ac-1 ceyt the proposition of Kormann and his associates and will erect a r 'riant at once for the production of j 1 gasoline under " the new ly discovered l process, a process, which the discov- f erer says, is as simple as the present t method, requiring' but little modifi- r ?m of thetsyateni now in use. I the interior 'Franklin K. Lane' and to others close to President Wilson. The Secretary has directed the con struction of the government plant which will produce the precious fluid. Makes Use of Crude Oil . - Briefly, Kormann makes use by his process of the product of crude oil 'which now Is' waste so- far as the manufacture of gasoline In concerned. His secret lies In the chemical treatment of the various products of the crude olL which now reach at maximum output of 6 per cent gaso line as against the production of 52 per cent of gasoline from every bar rel of crude oil that la treated under the process." . Kormann, who Is a professional chemist,' has been working for several '" years on several phases of gasoline and oil chemistry. -Some time ago he was Induced to take up the problem of gasoline on account of the apparent fchortage which was being freely dis cussed In oil. circles. The outbreak of the war led him, he said last night, to go. Into the question of Increasing ' the product. ' r - ; v v ' -.V1 : From that he developed his process which has' now been approved by leading experts of the United States. Kormann refused commercial of fers for the secret. 'He was in touch; with the experts of Edward L. Do heny, the .multi-millionaire oil man of Southern California. 'Then he was brought into contact with Gavin Mc Tv ab, ''. on account of McNab's close connection with the United States government at Washington.. McNab placed the process before J. B. How . ell, former officer In the United States 'Navy and chief engineer of the Na tional Ice1 Company. : C "' So favorable was that .report that McNab opened the . wav which led Kormann to Washington and to lay the recess, before the Federal gov rru5nt. ' ' -' - . ''. ' lw it was distinctly understood that McNab was to have nothing to do with the proposition .unless : Kor mann should agfee to turn over his ; process to the government for the - duration of the war. Hia Patriotio Service '. ' " Well, I'm Just that patriotic that I will turn it over to the government," replied Kormann, and that he did. . Kormann said last night that he had the protection ot the, general act which has already passed the Senate so far Ka& the commercial use of the process was concerned. But the government , will have it free of all cost for that period, v ;;- .. : ' Kormann Explains ; , in a simple, modest way last night, Kormann told something of the pro cess and the history of his discovery. He referred particularly to the great Importance to the nation of meeting the gasoline shortage. V . x He said: This process simply means the perfection of a method of making a larger -volume of efficient . motor itilrlts, which may be used in every way that gasoline now is used for transportation, for aeroplane work, for all of the innumerable purposes to which gasoline is put. ,''." There will be extracted by this pro- cess from every barrel of crude oil of i gallons, .fifty-two per cent of gaso line It will utilise the waste now useless for gasoline not only with the California crude oil but with Pennsyl- vama o i :wu J.lV'Zin this territory Is also believed by content is not available for motor fuel. iJY.J Reconverts Waste . - The process ' reconverts this , waste back into motor spirit, processed and treated chemically, so that the entire body.trerates exactly as does gasoline, with atereat deal more efficiency than thiTscht product, , . Y . " . . v?rnrocesa can be oDcrated much mom rbeanlv than the present method. and the ordinary plant now used 'can .easily be made : aaapiauie to ine new . method. . T . - ' It was at Gavin McNabV suggestion that I went to Washington and there presented the matter to the govern ment. I have tendered it to the gov ernment as a purely patriotic offer. San Francisco Examiner. . . IF AIR IS HEATED ' slf the air. for the carburetor is heated by the exhaust pipe there is always a possibility of getting too much heat, causing the gas to ex " pand too much and so .give ycu too little explosive, power." .Change the adjustment on the pipe which" admits cold air Jand see If the power is 1m- proved. c'- , " ' Give 'Em a Lift When You Meet 'Em,Mr.Autoist "When an autoist passes a sol- dier on the open road he should give him a lift. You may thereby hasten an important errand for the government. At least you will be showing your patriotism. Don't make the boys walkxwhile Sou have a vacant seat" This is the advice given to au- tomobile owners by Percy E. Towne, president of the San Francisco branch of the American 4- Automobile Association: Towne declares that 6uch service has been an active policy of the asso- elation for some time, and he 4 4- wants all automobile owners to provide like service. .-f Ask if There Will Be Big Merger Between Chalmers and Max well Motor Car Companies Much significance Is attached to the leasing of the Chalmers plant by the Maxwell Motor Co, for five years, by motor car dealers and leaders in the industry. Is there to be another merger of leading automobile manu facturers?;' ' : -' Chalmers production will not be af fected in any way by the lease, ac cording to announcements from the Chalmers factory. Maxwell business will continue as heretofore. But the negotiations are believed by many to presage the formation in the near fu ture of a merger of several of the leading automobile production corpor ations in the medium price class. One of the reasons why the lease is believed to be ; significant of the merger move is that it Is known in the industry that; the same banking in terests control both institutions, and teat there was no difficulty, whatever iri negotiating the lease of the Chal mers plant by. the Maxwell corpora tion. - ',..; 'Another reason why: the move is considered significant Is the fact that, while railway corporations frequently have negotiated leases of thi3 kind, which ultimately resulted in mergers, this is the first time it has ever been done by two large corporations in the automobile industry. It Is believed that the first move under the new arrangement will be the introduction to the public of a small, six-cylinder car In. the $1000 class, built In the Chalmers factory and presented to the trade under the tlnuing their.present models 'as their leading product. The fact that the local Chalmers representative recently obtained the wholesale distribution of the Maxwell local members of the trade to indicate an ultimate combination of these two companies. "SOMEONE HAS A GROUCH ON," ASSERTS BOB LILLIS "Someone has a grouch en because j 1 turned down their application for a oxiver s license, saia uou L.ims. in specter of chauffeurs this morning. "That letter which w as printed In the paper the other day kicking because I was riding in a machine that . had j its cuUmt open, must have been writ-1 ten by some fellow who's trying to get back at me. ' The letter Lillis refers to com plained that Lillis showed discrimina tion in riding, in a Ford whose" cut outwas making a racket. The inspec tor declares that he was examining the man for a license when the cut out became out of order and. began to make too much noise. Lillis hopped on a motorcycle and returned to head quarters, after warning the driver to let th muffler repaired. ' - Mill Proposed Road Across Kalihi Bay Is Counted on to Relieve Traffic Congestion PUn of the proposed road from Honolulu about one mile and relieve Are Preparing To Replace Men As Chauffeurs Success of Women of Y. W. U. A. Auto Class Will Decide Feasibility of Plan Are women really capable of tak ing the place of men as automobile drivers and mechanics? . .Tjhls Question is uppermost In the uiiuus ui iuu uueiiui kuu luuuwent of the class in automobile operation and construction for 12 women which the Y. M. C. A. has organized and which is being taught by J. A. M. Johnson of the Schuman Carriage Co. The first lesson was given last Sat urday at the Y. V. C. A. homestead and the second lesson is being given today. "I am surprised at the rapidity with which the students are taking up the work and especially pleased with the unusual enthusiasm shown by them. Certainly if that counts for a great deal in their success In the work, they will be wonders," declares Mr. John son. While the class was originally or ganised at the Y. W. C. A. to give the women of Honolulu an opportuni ty to prepar themselves to take the places of men in the automobile in dustry when the' latter are called into the service of the country, it I3 very much in the nature of an experiment, for the women have yet to prove them, selves capable of this substitution with all the training they are going! to get. As yet there is no prospect of the Immediate organization of another class in spite of the increasing de mands for this sort of training. But if the first class Is a success another will undoubtedly be started. VIOLATED DAILY The motorcycle squad continues to round up violators of the traffic laws and every morning this week a crowd of offenders has faced Judge Irwin in police court. The unusual activity the motorcycle cops is due to the prev alence of speeding, running with tail- lights out. and snorting through the streets with cut-outs open. A syste matic campaign against the nuisances is being carried out by Officers Bran co, Ferreira, Morse, Ferry and Stupple been. Among those who haled before the court during the week were: T. Baldwin, fined $10; William H. Kupa, fined $10; Wong Mee, $10; J. Ir win, $10; C. W. Hammond. $10; G. J. Waller, $10; E. J. Ross, discharged; A. W.' Seabun $ i; George Ahlborn, $10;, C. E. Gentry. $10; C. J. W-illett. $25; T. Teryu. discharged; Angela de Lima, $2o. Thore who had been ar rested but not called into court before the hour of going to press were: J. E. Boyle, Y. Kawamoto, E. A. Jones, H. McCorriston. NEW MODEL PACKARD DUE - HERE ON NEXT STEAMER Disappointment was keen in auto mobile circles this week when only three cars arrived on the last liner from the mainland. All or them were ; Y niai-niiies ueiuuging 10 individual own ers. ' The von Hamm-oung company was expecting the 1018 model Packard and, although they received no word of it before hand that it was coming, they were in hopes of a surprise. They do expect one to come on the next boat, however. TRAFFIC LAW IS V rHAFTE.k Puuloa across Kalihi bay which-will decrease distance to that point from the traffic congestion on King stccet.. GEORGE SHOWERS, OLD TRACK KING, WITH FIRM HERE Automobile Racing Not Dying, He Says, But Has Assumed Different Aspect - .... Formerly a driver of racing automo biles, the holder of several records in the West, and well acquainted with the racing game as it exists today and the men engaged in it, George R. Showers joined the sales force of the Von Hamm-Young company this week. He arrived in Honolulu on the Mat sonia Wednesday. Mr. Showers was last with the White company in San Francisco and VETERAN OF RACING TRACK IN HONOLULU George R. Showers, who has joined the sales force of the von Hamm Young Co. previously was Western represcnta tive of the great factory. Up until the time of his marriage several years ago he drove racing cars, but the wedding was the occasion for his retirement from the dangerous sport and busi ness. "Automobile racing is by no mean dying as may have been reported," says Mr. Showers. "However, it has essumfd a very different aspect than it had some years ago. At the incep tion of the sport the cars and the driv ers were backed by the makers of the automobiles. The cars were furnished by the factories and the drivers were hired, usually regularly to engage in this business for the company. "Now the fast drivers own their own cars and drive in these races for what money there is in them. The sport is professional, for the driver.? are in it for what money they can make. "The larger factories do not employ this means of advertising any longer as they did once upon a time. They can advertise more successfully other wise, and, what is of greater signifi cance, they have reached the stage where they do not need to advertise their business in that manner. "The factories nowadays are con tinually working up stunts of "7 dif ferent varieties for advertisement. fou see them performed all the time." Another change in automobile rac ing has been brought about through the construction of faster cars, accord ing to Mr. Showers. Whereas, in 1902 when he first began to drive fast cars for the Lozier factory, they regarded 1 a mile a minute as fast time. Todar Continued on page , two) A 1 ... Buys Stutz Car Here To Use On Australian Farm R. J. Forman, Millionaire From Wycheproof, Likes Right Hand Drive For use on hl3 great ranch in Aus tralia, R. J.' Forman, a millionaire farmer of that country, purchased a four-passenger Stutz roadster from Frank Cocmbs on his way through Honolulu this week and took the car with him when he departed from Ho nolulu. Although he already possesses a "Sunbeam," a prominent car of Eng lish make, he prefers the Stutz to any other car that he can buy in his native land so much so that he was ready to go to the additional expense of shipping ft across the great ex panse of water, between the two coun tries. Mr. Forman was particularly at tracted fo 'the Stutz because of its right hand drive. Many other Ameri can cars he would not consider at all because they had the left hand drive. The reason for this is, of course, that in Australia, as in Eng land, they drive on the left side of the road. , , He will go straight to Sydney from where he plans to drive in his Stutz to Wycheproof, Victoria, the location of his ranch. The roads, he said, were good, and even ,on his ranch fair enough to allow going from one rart to the other in an automobile. SPARE PARTSVERVICE WILL BE ENLARGED AT SCHUMAN COMPANY SHOP In view of Increasing their spare parts' department, the Schuman Car riage company has this week been shifting and improving the second story of their building on Merchant and Alakea streets. Tires will be stor ed in other places to allow for greater, facilities to store spare parts while painted cars will in turn be shifted to allow for store rooms for the tires. Three new men are being taken on in this department to care for its growth. The company will continue to keep on hand important parts of all the machines they sold for three or four years back in order to provide for those who do not have the latest models. SHIPMENT OF FIRESTONE TIRES ARRIVES IN TOWN Exactly 116 new Firestone solid tires arrived for Smoot & Steinhauser on a liner from the mainland Wrdnes da' The included both the slnsle and the double tires, but no "Firestone giants'' were received. The largest press in the terri tory will be installed in the firm's new branch on King street in the near future, to put the "Firestone piants" on the rims. The ne mech anism "will be capable of exerting a pressure of 2f0 tons per square inch. The 'Firestone giants" are h 1 4- inch tire, and it is claimed arc the largest tires made. The largest made by any other company, it is said, is seven inches wide. VON HAMM-YOUNG FORCE ADDS THREE MECHANICS Three new mechanics . have jeine'.l the automobile force of the von Hamm-Young company. They are John Mackenzie, K. Grey and S. J. Clark, all from San Francisco. The new men arrived in Honolulu on the recent liner from the mainland. the same boat on w hich George R. Showers came to join the sale force of the same company. May Run Puuloa Road Across Kalihi Bay to t(in Street Naval Authorities in Favor of Long Discussed Project Which May Be Executed Shortly Board of Supervisors to Con sider Plan in Connection With 1918 Road Building Operations THK long-proposed and long-discussed project of building a cut-off roai from the ewa side or Kalihi harbor, starting at the point where the Puuloa road turns north from the Oahu Railway & Land Company track across the marshes of the bay and ending at the Junction of King street and Mokaula road may become a reality next year. The United States naval authorities at Pearl Harbor have sanctioned the idea and the city and county engineer has also had it under considera tion for some weeks past as one that should be included in the road building rrogram of 1918. Most ot the members of the board of supervisors have also expressed their opinions favoratl and agreed that it should be one ot tie first projects undertaken next year. Last of City's Fire Horses To Be Shelved Soon King Gasoline for Motive Power Supplanting Old Time Chargers The death knell of the fire horse nas been sounded, and before long the last of the horse-drawn fire ap paratus will have been put in the dis card. Fire Chief Thurston is endeav oring to supplant the old out of date horse-drawn apparatus with modern motor propelled trucks, Jnd accord ingly put his proposition up to the beard of Supervisors Tuesday evening. Chief Thurston wants two new pieces of apparatus, both to be driven by gasoline power. He prefers the Seagrave engines, and these will prob ably be selected. A combination pumping engine 'and hose apparatus and a combination chemical and hose truck are the two new sets he has asked for. If these two new trucks are purchased, five horses will be dis carded and the Honolulu fire, depart ment will be entirely a motor driven force. . The cost of the new pieces will be insignificant' compared to the pres ent cost of maintaining the five horses at the present price of feed. Be sides, motor cars are far more reliable than horses and, cover the ground "ten times as fast," to quote the fire chief. By., plaping all motor, driven apparatus in the department, better protection is afforded the property owners, because more apparatus can oe concentrated at the central sta tion and be able to respond to subur ban alarms. At present the department has eight pieces of apparatus. One horse drawn steamer Is located at head quarters, as Is one horse, driven hose cart, and one motor engine. Two mo tor trucks are located at the Palama station, two motor trucks at the Ma- kiki station, and one motor piece at Kaimuki. Three of the city's pumping engines are motor driven," the other one being an obsolete type of steamer. Honolulu already has a first class fire fighting force, and most of Its efuipment is thoroughly modern, but if the supervisors grant the chief's re quest, and order the twd motor driven apparatus, the force will rank with any on the mainland. It is for all property owners in Honolulu to Inter est themselves in this matter, and see that the supervisors set about or dering the new trucks. KEEP POSTED ON CHANGING NUMBERS The list of the changes in numbers and new numbers granted to automo bile owners during the week. Cut this out and paste it in your book of automobile numbers. The Star-Bulletin publishes each week similar lists in order that the motorists can keep their books up to date. 384 W. L. Warren, Stevens Duryea. 682 S. Akashl, Ford. 770 A. C. Robinson. Hudson. 811 H. Kumimoto,: Pierce' Arrow. 1052 Henry Williams, Dodge. 1204 James Lee, Chandler. 1312 P. F. Ryan, Studebaker. 1707 K. S. Rino, Buick. 1403 Kaimuki Grocery Co., Ford. 2108 -Lieut.-Col. Brombergh, Oldsmo bile. 2210 Mrs. Robert E. Lee, Ford. 2527 William Thompson, Ford. 259" W. H. SparliSi. Regal. -2(.9 A. W. T. Bottomley, Cole. 2673 A. C. Harrison, Studebaker. 3005 H. A. White, Hudson. 3201 Mrs. V. Ward. Ford. 3256 E. P. Murray. Republic. 3257 Paul Beyer, Reo. 3258 Fred Bell, Detroit Electric. 3250 M. E. Silva, Hudson. 3260 W. B. Sledge, Buick. 3261 B. Min, Ford. 3262 An Hoon, Foru. 3263 J. Irvine, Studebaker. 3264 V. A. Xohl. Ford. 3265 Lieut. Arthur White, Ford. 3266 J. Oto, Cole. 3267 M. Yamto, Buick. f 3268 S. Doi, Buick. 3269 J. P. Bundt, Overland. !V7ft SorvJro Sin mil v fr Varfapfil 3271 H. J. Andrews, Ford. POLICE COURT-HEARS FIVE TRAFFIC CASES Five defendants, charged with vio lating the traffic regulations were tried in iolice court Wednesday. George Ahlborn, charged with running a machine with the cut-out open was fined $10; C. .1. Willet was charged with speeding and fined $23; S. O. Bridgens, for operating a car with cut out open, fined $5; Joe Palshon, case postponed until October 17, The proposed cut-off road will save over one mile of the distance between Honolulu and Pearl Harbor. The pres ent route of travel between the city ?nd Pearl Harbor is along the Kins street extension cut past Fort Shafter as far as Moanalua, where the road turns south and runs direct" to the Oahu Railway & Land Co. tracks and then follows the rails to Puuloa and farther on. The new road would avoiJ the roundabout course by leaving King street at Mokaula road and then cut ting across the marshes ot Kalihi har bor parallel with the old track of the railroad, joining the Puuloa road near the former residence of S. X. Damon on the ewa side of the bay. No Detail Estimates. While no estimates have yet been made on the proposed cut-off road across Kalihi harbor, engineers who have discussed the project are of the opinion that to fill in the marshes for the new road and widen and improve the wagon trail on the eastern side of the harbor that leads towards King street and open a road on the ewa side from the marshes to the Ptruloa road would not cost much more than $50,000. This would probably Include an ordinary coral surfacing, but it the board of supervisors should decide to make a road for heavy traffic out ot the cut off a considerable amount more . than fifty thousand would have to be expended on the project. And while the cost of the work of constructing the road might seem high because oft the big fill-in across the marshes that would be necessary, nevertheless the cut-off road, in the opinion of the naval authorities and . many of the- citizens who reside on thev ewa side of the harbor would not on'y shorten the distance between that sec tion of the Island and the city, but would also relieve the King street ex tension from the present heavy traffic it bears. Would Relieve' Traffic, r The King street extension whlcii run out past Fort Shafter now carries all the traffic to Pearl Harbor, Fort Kamehameha, Puuloa, Watertown. Fort Shafter. Schofield Barracks, and Haleiwa. With the eut-off road across Kalihi bay a reality, that section of King street from the Intersection of Mokaula road to Moanalua would only have to bear that traffic which goes to Haleiwa, Schofield and Fort Shafter: while the new cut-off road could stand the strain of the traffic to Pearl Har-: bor, Watertown, Pearl City and Pnu- ' loa. In this way the traffic over the Mokaula-Moanalua section of King street would be cut in half with the result that the road at that particular section would not be in constant need of repairs as it is at present. Avoid Steep Grade. Another feature which might be mentioned Is the fact that with the new cut-off road across Kalihi Bay the Pearl Harbor navy station supplies the provisions and goods and other material for Watertown, Puuloa and Pearl City now carried over King street extension could be taken over at less cost. The gasoline used by automobiles in daily negotiating the steep grades in the vicinity of Fort Shafter on the present road would be cut down considerably. The new road would have practically no grades at all from the point where it left King -street to where it joined the Puuloa . road. And when automobile trucks have to climb the steep hills on the present roundabout route every day the amount of gasoline used amounts to a considerable figure each month. The cut-off road would shorten the distance more than one mile and thus help the traffic going to Pearl City, Watertown and other points on Pearl Harbor to make better time which would be another benefit and conveni ence both to the naval authorities and citizens in that section. Commandant George TL Clarke of the Pearl Harbor Navy station has this to say regarding the proposed cut off road to shorten the distance be tween Honolulu and Pearl Harbor: Favors Project. "It has occurred to certain persona interested in the improvement of the closely allied military and commercial conditions of Oahu that a very desir able project would be the building of a cut-off road from the point where the railway crosses the Puuloa road to the junction of King street with Mo kaula road necessitating a fill across Kalihi Bay from the ewa to the wal kiki side of Kalihi Bay parallel to the Oahu Railway & Land Co. tracks. It can be readily seen that the proposed road resulting as It docs In a saving of over a mile in distance, would he of great military advantage as well as of benefit to Honolulu in generaL May Build Next Year. The city and county engineer also favors the project and has had the matter under consideration with a view to bringing it before the board Of supervisors. While the financial budget of October, November, and De--cember will not permit of aa under- ; , taking of such magnitude, members . of the board are positive that the pro- :. ject will be discussed before the year r is over and probably be included fa the road-building program of 1315.