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Honolulu star-bulletin. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1912-current, November 15, 1917, 3:30 Edition, Image 12

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ft f
The first requisite in life is that we shall be
able to earn a living. Elbert HubbarcLV
The ferxs'ho have common sense seem to be
, ashamed of it. E. W. Howe.
HONOLULU STAB-BULLETIN THURSDAY NOVEMBER 15, 1917.
TWELVE
.11. . . 1 - '- ' ' " ' .
'SCHOOL' HELD ON H1UUEA WITH I Macauley's Cartoon For Today I f SEWATORS MS API W FAlli i;
S INF0M1ATI0W FOR VISITING PARTY r - ., -f : MORE DEFENSES OFTHE ISLANDS
!
Land, Homesteading and Sugar Cane Questions Arouse Most
Interest Among Senators and Representatives King is a
Persistent Questioner 'v V; ':;
By R. A. McNALLY,
;(Staff Correspondent with the Con
gressional Party.)
j VOLCANO HOUSE. Hawaii. Nov.
14. School was held on the S. S.
Kilauea on the Journey of the con
gressional party to Hawaii Sunday
morning. The subject was lands and
homesteading; the instructors, B. G.
Tiivenburgh, territorial land commis-
t sioner. and C. J. McCarthy, territorial
treasurer; the star pupils were Sena
tors Myers, King and Poindexter.
- The schoolroom was on the upper
fleck of the Kilauea and school was
in session for an hour and a half
. 'while the steamer was making her
vay back to Kaihia from NarJoonoo.
First of all. Treasurer McCarthy
explained' the history of the Bis. Isl
and and how King Kamehameha rose
to power and finally placed all the
islands of the group under one do
minion. .
r- With the history lesson over, Com-
- rrissioner Rivenburgh assumed the.
role of schoolmaster and with the aiti
of a map set forth the .territory's
.land problems homesteading, -he
value of the different lands, govern
ment and territorial acreage, what
;the various classifications of land are
;worth, thei rprincipal crops, etc.,
The congressional pany was told
that within the next seven years some
-50,000 acres of land now under leas
to cane planters will revert to the
territorial government. The great
'problem is how it will be disposed of
At suitable revenue to the govern
ment and under conditions that will
lend to increase productiveness and
St the fame time, enhance its value
jto the homesteader.
Senator King wanted to know all
about the arable areas, and their sus
ceptibility to cultivation, the diffi
culties of getting water on it and
fought information along all lines that
. ould enable him to get a concrete
Krasp on Hawaii's land problem.
-Some Difficulties Told '
Z. Senator Hind of Hawaii was on
3iand and when questioned informed
: Ibe congressional group of the diffi
culties attending cattle ranching. The
senator ranges 2000 head of cattle
"2nd 3000 sheep on 125,000 acres of
jard.
It takes that much acreage for his
cattle and sheep to get enough feed
jand 1a period of drought even that
Acreage can't feed them, so he either
inoves them to lower levels or stores
lip feed for them. Water in that dis
trict -costs $9.20 a gallon, so the
'senators concluded ranching under
such conditions was no sinecure.
I. Under the fire of questioning by
Senator King an interesting point was
developed that the present home
cteading laws of the territory are
really of more benefit to the Japan
ese sub-leasers or tenants than to the
homesteaders themselves. The ex
planation was presented that the Jap
anese cultivate the land on shares,
the plantation mill takes tne cane-
crop while the real homesteader does
nothing other than arrange for the
production of the crop and then turns
the business of getting it harvested
and transported to the mill to the
.Japanese. '
Rationality of Homesteader
; Senator King wanted to know the
class that mainly made up the home
Bteaders; and was informed the bulk
were Portuguese with a sprinkling
of Hawaiians, Russians and a few
"other Europeans and a few Americans
or "haoles." This did not seem satis
factory to him. He gave the impres
sion likewise that he was not satis
fied with the idea of devoting all
lands intensively and extensively to
the production of sugar-cane but
thought that diversified farming on
, a larger scale should be encouraged.
The argument took the line that
the present high price for sugar in
duces a man to take up land solely
for sugar-cane production, working to
the end that he will get all he can
out of it and then when sugar drops
back again, he doesn't care what be
comes of the land.
'This was countered by the state
, ment th'at sugar-cane cultivation was
not all lined with dollars; the in
stance was cited of how one woman,
the late Mrs. B. M. Allen, on Hawaii
had advanced $25,000 to sub-tenants
for' cane cultivation and had lost
every cent of it. because of drought'
and bad conditions.
Here J. F. Child, federal food com
missioner, queried to know if diversi
fied farming on the, islands could be
conducted on a scale large enough
.to meet coast competition. He was
answered that perhaps ordinarily in
Mil
FAMOUS R USSIAN VIOLINIST
IN THREE RECITALS; ,
Nov. 19th
December
Mission
Memorial
Season Tickets, with war tax . .... $4.00
Single Tickets, with war tax . . . : . . . . . ; . . . . . . . . . . . $1.65
- On Sale at Bergstrom Music Co. V
view of high freight rates it could
not; but on the other hand diversified
farming at this time should be en
couraged so the Islands could be
made self-supporting In war time
and not depend on the mainland for
foodstuffs. . The question of shipping
was also an argument of some of
the congressional members why the
islands should take more Interest In
producing a variety of foodstuffs; of
course, the nature of the land per
mitting. Says Present Homesteading Failure
Senator King then voiced his opin
ion that homesteading .In Hawaii
under present conditions and with
the present class of people who make
ud the bulk of the homesteaders is
a 'failure. The Japanese, he said.
seem to be the only ones who go in
with sufficient interest and ambition
and energy to make it worth while.
He hinted at the future. WThile . his
lhouehts were not voiced his audi
ence could easily understand his ref
erence to the land question of the
years to come and what ; it would
mean in the way of ownership.
Commissioner Rivenburgh admitted
that he thought the present methods
of homesteading were wrong. He at
tacked the 25 . petitioners, " clause
on the ground that the really sincere,
honest and deserving applicant might
be left out in the cold in the course
of the drawing and the land be taken
up by non-deserving people, who in
many instances are mere secret
agents for real estate, speculators. .
King Favors Much Revision
It was here that Senator King gave
an insight into what ho thinks of the
territory's problem. He came out
with the broad assertion that this
system should be abolished and one
substituted that would make it pos
sible for a land board to deal with
the situation and be" clothed, with
wide discretionary powers powers
broad enough to give them right to
say who shall and who shall not
have the land when it comes to a
drawing; in other words,, the board
should be permitted to designate the
worthy applicants, the men whom the
board feels will, cultivate the land for
their own and the public welfare; so
as to militate against the land pass
ing into the hands of huis for specu
lative or other improper purposes,
informed that at the Kapaa land
drawings there were some 780 appli
cants for 72 acres, he argued from
this that the people , wanted to get
on the land. He asked about prices
and Was told the Kapaa land was
valued at from $75 to $125 per acre
with water on it.
Argument on Sugar Prices
The price question led to an aigu
ment over sugar prices. It was said
that-the planter gets about$56 a ton
now for his cane, and the mill gets
the balance, which at present prices
would be about $94 a ton.
Here the debate ended, for the
steamer had arrived at Kailua, but
Senator King s Interest did not de
crease all the way over the trip on
Hawaii he asked many questions re
garding homesteading, whys and
wherefores of this ' and that.
BREAD CONTROL RULES
ARE BEING SENT HERE
J. F. Child, federal food adminis
trator for the territory, has received a
cablegram from Herbert Hoover, na
tional food administrator, to the effect
that full information regarding the
regulation of the bread output, the pro
posed one-pound loaf and the licensing
of bakers, to go Int6 effect December
10. is being forwarded here from
L Washington. D. C.
The regulations regarding the out
put of bread provide for the licensing
of all bakeries using more than 10
barrels of flour a month. According
to the food commission, practically
every bakery in Honolulu will have
to be licensed.
FRESH MIXED DRINKS
RESULT OF WAR TAX
According to a ruling received by
the local revenue office, all mi 'd
drinks such as cocktails, rickeys and
punches must be freshly mixed at bars,
otherwise the dispensers will be re
garded as rectifiers and ' required to
pay the tax and license fee as such.
Formerly the practise of mixing such
drinks ahead of time in order to guard
against a sudden rush of trade was
countenanced.
f
I
I"
3rd
Hall
FOR ST. LOUIS
A huge pot of pol, possibly the first of
this delectable food that has ever ap
peared In quantity oh the Atlantic,' will
be dished out to the "island boys" on
the TJ. S. S. St "Louis Christmas day,
and plunged, into with all the joyfuil
abandon that characterizes the au-
sence of such symbols of formality as
f rks or spoons. .
This pol, 12" gallons in all, was part
of the Christmas consignment that
left yesterday for the St. Louis. With it
will go three huge packing cases,
stuffed full of "Christmas gifts," a gui
tar packed all by itself, not to mention
a letter written to. the "boys" by the
Kahuna;'Nui,M the local literary char
acter. Donations of money sent in, aggre
gating $117, were used by Mrs. J. F.
G. Stokes,, who had charge oMho pack-
for thos'e who had not been specially
3 i -'V W w M. -
remembered.
Iff OMIT v.l
1U UIUIU 1
irti
Packed in among the warm under-jf6
wear, the woolly' sweaters, comforters
it1 S.?L,! a"i 'r?'.tll;"', i
rTtr'jsts cont""led to place ,els ab0,u
things were weighted down wit'i cop- . ' i ,
les of the-Mid-Pacific, the Paradis it ntrnaum0b1er J,anI Demc
the Wcific, the AdverUser and the thers were at the steamer to bid tne
Star-BulIeUn. Nothing jackable - that Arizona senator bon voyage and to
cotld suggest Hawaii was forgotten JSrfSf5!. SSS
by the senders and packers. Of the Among these were Judge James Coke
wearable articles, three suits of warm fe. Attorney George K. French,
underwear went to -each man, with a J,11?8 ,Levma Lall" and Clarence D.
note saying that if there were more of eu e" e
them than could be used the surplus Shy n Seriousness
might be sent to the boys of Hawaii Asked for some serious comment on
who are training at Syracuse. affairs or the islands Senator
Tired as she was from the packing. Ashurst shied from specific state
Mrs. Stokes did not forget to express meDfs- :r People are progress
her thanks to aU the donora of gifts,' ve t0? Pessive. because they want
as well as to all who had assisted her t0 t0, far d to fas' our land
in getting the boxes ready 'for final problei8,a b'S.one, but we have the
shipment,- - particularly mentioning ,
Benjamin , Clark, who lent his aid in
the packing Tuesday tDe one wao nas i wants 10 noxa on 10
Others specially thanked by Mrs. ' if U is e same here' 1 1
Stokes were- fcnhnna isini the A.r .have. nx beenTiere long enough to
, User, the Star-Bulletin, Bergstrom
(Music Co., J. J. Williams. Honolulu
Music Co T. H. Davles &Co. and the
hawaTtoeaCo
1 the pol for the
b;xes. Mrs. Ea
Low Mrs. F M
swa.uy and Mrs.
Dowsett are also thanked for their ef
rts, as are tYz Red Cross . workers
anH all othr frir,. yrh ,ir,-
make the Christmas box possible for
the boys. The members of the E. and
A. club of Palama.;who donated $15,
are thanked,; ana the Matson company
which accepted the cases for ship-
ment to the coast free of all charges.
- - - - - 7
TRAINING CAMP MAN
; ' MEETS WITH ACCIDENT
Scott Pratt, son of Dr. J. S. B. Pratt
of this city, who is-a member of the
training camp at Schofield Barracks,
was injured this morning, presumably
while at work during trench digging
practise. . Telephone i reports to the
city indicate that he . was Wounded in
the foot by a steel pick. Whether this
was in his 'own handa-or being wields
ed by another. .of the' training camp
men is not known. Dr. Pratt lefl for
the camp as soon as he heard of the
accident ."
THE DELUGE
ouTiilS iAiS j
Party of Democrats Present at
Dock Yesterday to Bid
Statesman "Aloha"
Outrivaling Mark Twain in his eu
phonious and superlative praise of the
islands. Senator Henry F. Ashurst of
Arizona became the vanguard of the
congressional party on its return to
the mainland by departing yesterday
for San Francisco by a Matson
steamer. Senator William H. King of
Utah, who had also expected to return
by the same steamer, - changed his
plans just before sailing time and will
wait here for the Wilhelmina. Receipt
of a favorable telegram yesterday
is given as; the reason why Senator
King changed his plans at such a late
hour. -
"No man has lived a complete lh'e
until he sees these islands and I
of . them," enthusiastically declared
Senator Ashurst on leaving. "No
SZiJ?1' hat
a sala-
brious climate; more beautiful flow-
iers, such delightful and exquisite vis-
hoSpltality." added The senator, as H
5ae ProDie8 m Arizona, ine man
without land wants to get some, and
A. 1 i l ... A'.
reac.h &nJ, cSclusIon regarding your
ia,RvS
Will Governor L E. Pinkham be re-
Wilson r he
was asked.
"I do not know," Tie replied.
"Will his nomination cause a confir
mation fight in the senate?" he was
turtner questioned.
t V a?t?iV0tt5V he
i a of.bfing Bta:rttlet
L0Jth f1 say- 1 e lived in a
Jj? tVer ? yV an?
??e a ory is mentioned for of-
?Vcf 'JJ"? nabe asu.red m1?rder 18
lone of the lesser things he will be ac
cused of.; Politics in a territory are
always mucn more bitter than in a
state,? the senator concluded.
Eater he hunted up the reporter, in
company with ? one of the local ; poli
ticians woo is kn?wu as an office seen
er, to explain that . his remark about
Candidates, and murder! must not be
taken seriously. "That was. just a lit
tle joke you understand, do you not?"
he smilingly : questlonad. '
It was not-the senator, "but the local
politician;,.who was disturbed over the
Interpretation which might : be placed
on the remark, as could be plainly seen
by the expression on the two faces.
; - Senator Ashurst says his : haste" in
DRAWN BY C. R. MACAU LEY.
xAs a precautionary measure against
typhoid fever at Schofield Barracks,
the quartermaster's department of the
army will ; install a chlorine plant in
the water system at that post. s ,
Lieut.-Coi. R." M. Schofield, depart
ment quartermaster, yesterday re
ceived authority from 'Washington '-to
put in the plant. The first will be of a
temporary nature and will cost ap
proximately $3000. Late,r a permanent
one costing between $8000 and $10,000
is to be installed.
Chlorine is ' fed automatically into
the water by the machine at the rate
of about two pounds to one million
gallons, which is regarded as effec
tive and not harmful to the users.
More than 1 30 students of Mills
school will compete Saturday evening
in the preliminaries for the annual de
clamation contest: for the Wall &
Dougherty, cup. Eight students are to
be selected for the final contest.
getting back to Washington' 13 due to
an important matter which is coming
up before the Indian affairs committee,
of which he is chairman. This con-
pproprt-
ation ; for the damming . oT : , t
the Gila
river, it was explained by those who
have been closely: associated with the
senator during his stay In the islands.
.... "
! iJiotice Si
The Experience of These Women Prove That
There is a Remedy for Your Illness.
4 Aberdeen, Idaho. " Last year I suffered from
a weakness with pains in my side and back. A
friend asked me to try Lydia E. Pirikham'e Yege-
table Compound and I cud so. After taking one
, bottle I f eft Tery much better. I have now taken
4 three-bottles and feel Jike si" different woman.
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound is he
best medicine I have ever taken and I can recom-
mend it to all Buffering women.? Mrs. Percy
Prestidge, Aberdeen, Idaho. T ; i
Kingfisher, Okla. " For two1 years I suffered
vrith a severe female trouble, was nervous, and
had backache and a pain in my side most of the
time. . I had dizzy spells and was often so faint
k I - could not walk across the floor. - The doctor
said I would have to have an operation. "A friend
" asked me to trv Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable
: Compound. : After taking ten bottles I am now
well and strong, have no pain,' backache or dizzy
spells. Everyone tells me bow well I look and!
tell them Lydia E. - Pinkham'a Vegetable Com
pound did it." Miss NuiA SouTirwlCS, E."P. D.
No. 4, Box 83 Kingfisher, Okla. ; ; :
;
V; LYPIA E.P1NKHAM MEDICINE
Both Advocate Stronger Naval
Forces in This Part of .t
. Pacific
(By , a Staff Correspondent with
the
; ' Congressional Party.) -.
VOLCANO HOUSE, Nov. 14.Sena.
tor 8 Myers of Montana and King of
Utah are firm believers In. a larger
naval and military protection, for Ha
waii and intimate that they wilf say
so to Washington when the time
comes, ':-!;:.:- V'
The war. In, the opinion ,'pf Senator
Myers, will continue another ; five
years and America will have to put at
least 5,000,000 men into the field. :
This will mean another draft; It
will mean that congress at Its next
session will revise, the" draft law to
take in all between the ages of 13 and
4a . ' : ' , ic-y h;-::. ;; v.-i. :
War developments will certainly
necessitate the, participation ;of every
soldier on Oahu and consequently the
calling Into service of the Hawaii National-
guard.'-". :'
Such are the convictions of Senator
Myers. He sees no early peace, In
stead a long ' protracted struggle, in
which America will have her ; hands
full dealing with the Germans. ;
"Why shouldn't your guard be called
Into service?" he said. "That's the un
derstanding In congress. But the war
department right . nowv has its . hands
full dealing with problems on the
mainland and of getting troops anl
supplies ; ttf France. : . When ' the war
department finished; its preliminary
preparations1 and has carried out its
program In regard to training camps
and a thousand other matters. Hawaii
will receive due recognition.. But
don't be in a hurry; you will get your
share of it before the end is in sight.
Just remember this Is . the biggest
thing the United States has ever, been
called on to do and, cf ; course, ; it
means a vast amout of . thought and
labor. Hawaii Is doln -nobly in', all
Very attractive in its oriental dress
will be the Parish House of Central
Union church tomorrow afternoon and
evening upon the occasion of the an
nual exhibition and sale conducted by
Beretania-Mission. ; Previously the af
fair has been" a pre-holiday event of
the, greatest Interest" In ! the heart of
Chinatown, but owing to the fact that
a new community building Is in course
of construction, it was deemed best
not to attempt to use this locality
this year and Central Union Parish
house was. offered and accepted. ' j
A committee composed j of . Mrs.
Arthur Dean, Mrs. J. D. Marques, Mrs.;
Cousens, Mrs. Clinton Hicks, Mrs. Ed -
ORKFW
ward Brier, Mrs. -Norman C. Sehenck.lbile accident two years ago.
Mrs. Ose, Mrs. Fung,- Mrs. Henry P.
Judd and Mrs. J. M.-: Warlnner is at
work completing last minute arrange
ments. y ;''-:.. -As
an exhibition of industrial work
the affair will be noteworthy, and as
an opportunity to secure novel Christ
mas gifts at. a nominal; price," it w'lll
be seized by those especially on the
lookout for distinctive gifts for main
land friends.
V Those who do not care to buy will
be refreshed with the most delightful
of all oriental beverages, almond tea,
and those wishing ' to be present for
the. sake of the unique spectacle of
Chinese brides In full dress will also
be amply rewarded. The exhibition
and sale , will hfigln at '2 o'clock and
continue throughout the evening. V
Ivan Bankoffs Ballet Russe at the
Laniakea Theater, November Z, 22,
23, 24. Adv. ' ' "ICTr1 (
Atbur Dru66istb,
CO. LYW H.MAS S. ww
mmmWi t
iijdXJJbjLL CiLdUj A
things, but Washington has a whole
lot to do and as long as Hawaii is do
ing so nobly Washington is -letting
things in the mainland work' out.
When -they are done,' Hawaii will ye
celve attention." : h
More Defenses Needed Here . . :
Senator. Myers does not, hesitate. ta
say that. Hawaii should have more
naval protection,, a complete navat
base, bigger "ships, more units, cruis
ers, torpedo boats, destroyers, subma-'
rines.," - ; : ' . '-r.:.-::;-' ;
"ltx is the. advance pest of. the Unit
ed States in the Pacific and must be
thoroughly able to do its part in keep
ing the ' Pacific open to us; In a few
years the United States will not have
the Philippines and the whole nation
will look to Hawaii . to guard Its
shores. Of course . yon can't have
these things right away; we've got a"1
war on our hands now,;: but it will
come. You ought to have twice as
many soldiers here as you have; thst -is
another post-war consideration. Ha
waii is an important link to the UniK
ed States and must be adequately pro
tected and must be strong enough to
protect the United States as well as
protect itself. Hawaii is part and par
cel of the states. ; v " . -- ";
King Favors Greater Naval Defense k
' Senator Kills concurs In this line of
reasoning. "Hawaii is the key to the
Pacific Whatever naval, defense Is
necessary she should haVe It. I, for
one, think congress should be lavish
in appropriations . for thia matter, A
real naval base should be located hef e
but I think your, present garrison is
sufficient because I do not believe we
need have any fear of aggression by
Japan.- Her immigration, movement
from now on '', will be toward Man- .
churia; she has no eyes on these is
lands; the amity existing between the
United States and Japan Is' one of sincerity.;::;-;
, - '. ; ' f ...
''But naval protection is what you
need; the Pacific must be guarded and -guarded
well. , V
EATHSIIUOiS
George'H. Moore, aged 81 years, for
many years .a resident of Honolulu,
died 4 Tuesday evening -at his home 1
Nuuanu valley, following. an illness of
several days. Death was due to bron
chitis and asthma. He Is survived by
thre children, George W." Mctra of
the von Hamm-Young company, Mrs.
Mary Lewis and Miss Fannie Coggicv
the latter of San Francisco. J ' ' '
Deceased was born in Massachn
setts in 1833. He came to . these is-'
ands when a young man and -was a
well known mercEant for ',the ; past
number of years, Mrs., Moore, it will
j be ecalled, was killed in an automo
r WAR DECLARED ON :
RATS BY U. S. GOVT.
The government at Washington Is
preparing a campaign that should .be
effective in killing the rats that are
so destructive both to lives and prop
erty. A conservative estimate places
the ; loss of? foodstuffs from rat3 at
over two hundred million dollars an
nually, and in the present scarcity of
food, this loss must be prevented. The
most efficient way to "Kill the Rat" is
by the use of Stearns' Paste, and
thousands of dollars worth have been
bought by ; the government ' Every
housekeeper troubled with rats, mice, ;
roaches or waterbugs should buy - a
small box of this reliable exterminator.
and stop further ; loss of food in her
home. Adv.
GEO. H. ME
0) &LJiT. xjjjsjcy

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