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f. -- . i i .. t. ' HOKOLULTT STAB-BULLETIN, SATEBDAY, DKCEMBEB t 1917. V t:V- SIGHS III THE HEAVENS FOLLOWING QUEEN'S BURIAL REVIVE FOLKLORE BELIEFS OF PRIME HAWAIIAuS STILLLIFELESS NEW YORK, . Nov. 2. The raw putar market continues lifeless, with- , . . ;out any transactions reported uu Lightning Accompanied By Thunder Following the uemise oreek, although unconfirmed rumors n- j.j M Cinn a( oo Thot naroicoH Wocivere in cirrulation regarding small nigilDUni neydlUCU oiyn vi uvuo mm u aovu .""- quantities of Cubas having been taken Assured of Hign riacc in Mngaom 01 unosis Leyenub ui Spirit World sugar mrkct Apropos of the electrical display of euces and hair breadth e; capes, ac last week, mieht be mentioned the fact that lightning, especially if oorapanied him bark to tho ?rass hut l.ere his bodv lav. went wi'h him ftcompanled Iry thumltr. aiwa; mrougn a noie in tne van ana pusueu amused t'lP Aw of tho ancient Ha! hirn Into the soie of the left foot and. wa'lan, and If It happened to -conic contemporarily with the death of a chief or chlefess the fact carried great significance, brins regarded as 1cn civpn h the cods that th tplrit of the high-born dead would We tarth to tell of his straujre adventures assured a place- in the kingdom of j in the kingdom of Milu. by her power, forced him to work his way back into his proper habitation in the body, whoreupon Ka-ilio-hae, The WiTo Dog. again became a living man and remained many years on ghosts. To fully appreciate what this meant to the Hawaiian one must first under stand that the spirits of the dead were roughly divided into three class e. which, according to V. I). Wester- ?velt of this city, an acknowledged au thority on Hawaiian folk-lore, and the author of several vividly interesting hooks on. the myths and legends of the Islands, were called Ao-Kuewas Des olate Ghosts; Ao-Aumukuas Home ' less Ghosts, and Ao-o-Milns, which, pummed "P in a word, might mean blessed, or the Blessed Ghosts. . None of these spirits had their dwelling in the upper heavens, where 1 rhrtBtfan to this dav believe the apuis - nf. fiimt neonle eo after death. In the , Hawaiian creed To meant the under ' -world, literally, the place of departed - ' spirits, which might include good and - ?bad alike, as does the word "hell" in 'tne 'Apostles' Creed, which may be ' called 'th place of departed spirits. O But there was no heaven to which the . departed spirit of the ancient Hawaii- an might ascend after having "de Ascended' into hell." There was, however, according to - : Mr. Westervelt, a place In Po set ? " apart for the-Oo-o-Milu. the spirits or : .: those who had perfected themselves in .' Vtghteousness,N in 'accordance with the - " then prevailing standards of right and wrong, where they would be near the : great Milu." god of the af5'wor ' and partakers of all the sports and - pleasures devised by him for his la- IS alJr Hawaiians .UU believe that 1 the fpirit of the dying works its way - v upward and outward through the body -S untU tt teachtts a spot Just back oc the pupil of the left eye, and that, as t life leaves the body, the spirit "comes 4 out of the little, hole intbe eye." and : Ittmedlafely assumes, If it ;has o. f hrought with It. the body of an Insect, or a tiny bird, or some other small V silmal. Ift- this form it: hovered about the home of the body IV once : . ? aplmatcd unUl it was assured ota safe passage to Po. If the os loved this - ghost It was ; permitted to Uke. food. : ' and in the Ad days, to bate offerings r . nade to it on some altar which Its f fiamilrrnlghrctect to Its nametn v " V times it remains on earth indefinitely "vv'fta a. guardian ghoe j.;.'-'' "Desolate- ghosts were those who ha no one to love them, and "home- less" ghosts vere .'those ao hg,d no vlace where theyv might rest, hut were ' ' forced to wander, always. AT ghost ' was often both desolate and homeless, :,'( randering: eternally through the Isl , - ands; sometimes on the ground, eorne ' y times in the air, but always looking .C 'for safe passage to Po. : y v.V.: : - Several Exits to Po ' . . . V i P. There1 were several exits fronj earth to Po, one being Just back of the beau ' v tiful Moailalua gardens, npt far from Honolulu, where 'ghosts -used, to as- semble on a decayed limb of a bread- : fruit tree and .wait for the limb to r break to let them down- Intothe sea, v ' ;wrhere ' Immediately the opening ap ; :' v reared, to thtm. Among old- Hawafl4 vans, howevSr; the. most renowned en " - trance Into Po was ust oft the Hama- : kua coast, beneath one of the precIpU 1 i .. tous cliffs that run straight down from the clouds to the bottom of the sea. , " . ' Here Milu. tire .dread god of the under- wrortd, passed from the Jand of the , living to the place of departed spirits. Through this passage, long afterward. ; runs the legend, went two ancestors of the late Queen Lliiuokalanl, Kewalu, V who had strangled herself when de . v ; - serted by her brother-husband, Hiku :v of-the-Forest-jLnd the remorseful Hlku "i" " ': fclnxselt still 11 ring, graciously permit t ' ; ' , ghost of his beloved sister-wife. He : ldund ber, brought her back to earth, - - 'te&tored ber to her body, and the two '- lLred'happly, fever after. .. ' ' : f ; Another legend of a spirit's descend-'J . . : ing into tne unaerwona ana being r tnrned to Its. earth body Is told, and r always as a fact,-of a 'man of. Maul, f.": one Ka-Uio-hae, the Wild Dog, "who, ' , having been ill for many days, died : Mr. Westervelt tells this story remark ably well, giving, all the , details Just as the Hawaiians believe them. In his r ; "Legends of Gods and .Ghosts. The - story In brief is thiat;.--"-r Ka-illo-hae lay dyings Soon he knew he vraa dead. As spirit he had felt himself creef) out of the body, pass- lng through the left eye to the outer air. where he buzxed like a bee to a ; corner o,the house and looked down ' on thebody he had Just left It was like a mountain to him, in which toe two Neyes were great, - mysterious cares: Frightened. -he "buzzed through I the open door and lighted on the roof ' of the grass bouse. Here the wailing of the people annoyed him, so, grow ling larger and stronger,..he flew to a coco-palm and perched, now. a bird ; in its branches. ' ; . ' ' But even here be could not rest, -for the spirit-land called him,, and he began his search for the entrance to Po. Aroidlng the great Caterpillar Watchman, which at the end of the : road leading to the entrance to;tho underworld, rears ita head to obstruct the passage, the spirit found bis way to the rery .gates of Po. Here he was met by the ghost of u sister who had ' the ; power i to return disembodied splrita to their earth bodies. - Itecog : nizin the new arrival as the spirit of " her brother, the Wild Dog, she took him to her abode, warned him against . taking any of the splrlf food offered him. showed him all the strange sights of the underworld, and at last, baring ' allowed him : many ; Danteaa expert-; bv refiners at the unchanged level of i,.c .f. (t"..f0c ). Offerints have consisted of small parcels of Philip pine Centrifugals, en route and due here this month, at b.Wc basis 3 together with some Peruvians, afloat, which have been available at o.875c c.l f. The latter description being non Dreferentials. the difference in- duty would bring the' landed equivalent of their asking price 23c per pound above the present cost of Cubas. Available supplies at the three At lantic ports continue to" diminish, the Dat week's receipts of only 13,6t4 tons, against estimated meltings of t . tons, having reduced the total Mr. Westervelt says this story is al ways told 3s an actual occurrence, his: stocks t0 :?2.874 tons, which are 18,165 explanation being that Ka llio-hael tons below. la?t year's figures at cor- went into a trance, during which time' he dreamed strange happenings but about these things, who can tell? Roads leading to the spot where spirits left the land of the living were called Leina-a-ka-uhane, paths by which the spirit leaped. "They were nearly always on bold bluffs, looking westward over the ocean." said Mr. Westervelt. "The ulu-o-lei-walo, the quietly-calling or breadfruit tree of the ppirlts, stood near, and afforded a friendly gathering place for those who were nod: quite ready to take the leap alone." Two of these "quietly calling bread fruit trees" stood for a long time aft er the coming of the haole on this island, one at Kaena point and the oth er in Nuuanu valley. Mists, Shields for Lapug Wandering or roving ghosts were also called lapus. When the mists used to veil Manoa valley, as they do so often in these days, the Hawaiians believed that the gods had sent a curtain to shield the lapus, who were preparing feasts for the gods and their attendants in the valley. The strange night processions which were a part of the obsequies of the late queen, made necessary by the re moval of the body from Washington Place to the church, and from Kawaia hao church to the palace, had another meaning Aside from the esoteric rites connected with the sacred torch of the' House of Kalakaua. In the days of the old gods, ail bodies "of the high-born' were disposed of at night and insecret, so that no enemy might find their bones -and make them into fish-hooks, or ..otherwise dishonor them. Any mistreatment of the bones of the dead meant that the spirits of the . departed, themselves in torment because of the desecration, would re-lurn-rto torment those who had al lowed such "dishonor. The hills that wall Nuuanu valley are filled with fcecret graves, many of them holding the" bones' of. the dead bound together in a bundle,: as it was not an unusual thing for the dead man's .friends or fcIlowcrsrtottrtpthtr4JesbJTrom: the bones, throw it into the sea to be come a ,part of the. family of ancestor ghosts , who had their home In the ocean,, while the oared, bones were tied together in the shape of a grass hopper and buried. .Sometimes, as in the case of tho- House of Kalakaua, some of the bones, of higL chiefs were put into tfie- standards to which were listened the royal kahilis, . ; Out of : these secret burials, made necessary by ancient beliefs, arose the Hawaiian custom of removing the re mains ofrroyalty only at night,'ercept when making the final Journey to the tomb. . i: . NEOLIN RESULT 0H "STUDY IN WAR TIME - As the war progresses the part played by chemistry - becomes more and more apparent The engineer.with his test tube baa from the beginning of the struggle performed a role' equally as important, as that of the soldiers in the trenches "Among the many developments in technical chemistry under stress of war conditions has been the produc tion of, synthetic rubberin Germany. This rubber ' does not . equal " natural rubber in - quality or economy, and therefore can hardly become a serious competitor,, butit plays its part in Ger- esponding date. Owing to present shortage of supplies it is unfortunate that the recently reported purchase by refiners of 1CW.000 tons new crop Iou isiana raws (of which quantity half was intended for shipment to the At lantic ports) should nave at least tem porarily, failen through. The difficulty appears to hinge on some misunder standing as to the basis on which plantation granulated should be sold, the planters apparently having as sumed that the price was to be the same as that ruling for the product of refiners, namely, S.35c less 2 per cent, whilst the figure named by the United States food administrator was 7.2 less 2 per ceut. It is, however, expect ed that a prompt settlement of this issue will be arrived at so that the shipment of raws to Atlantic ports may commence at an early date. The International sugar committee has issued the following announce? ment to the trade, under date of Oc tober 31 : "Mr. Henry C. Mott having severed his relation with the American Sugar Refining Co. :3 hereby appointed by the international sugar committee its agent to arrange for the purchase pf raw sugar. Brokers are invited to make their offers accordingly." The same organization has also, fix ed the price of raw sugar, until further notice, at 6.90c duty paid New York, for 96 centrifugals. Owing to considerable damage to the cane by several recent freezes ex perienced in that state, Messrs. Wil iett & Gray have found it advisable to reduce theirprevaillng estimate by 50,000 tons. to one of 225,000 tons as the probable outturn of the present sugar crop of Louisiana. The output of the last campaignvwas 271,339"tons. The labor situation in Cuba has ma terially Improved since our last re-: port, and the centrals are now making rapid preparations for an early start of grinding as soon as weather will permit. Heavy rains having recently fallen in various sections of the island, some cool and dry weather fs now needed to sufficiently ripen the cane so as to Justify planters in starting grinding operations. The receipts for the week at the three Atlantic ports ivere 13,664 tons, compared with 34,288 tons last year and 3,477 tons in 1915. The Federation of American Motor cyclists, through President F. A. Fa lor and Secretary T. .R. Thomas, is putting into practise extensive plans to help make life easier for F. A. M. members in the trenches and camps, both here and abroad. It is planned to furnish the,. riders with tobacco and general motorcycle news from the States. Several men formerly well known in the motorcycle industry and now of ficers. .have been appointed to look "after the requirements of mem bers; :-"" V man military operations. Turpentine and acetylene are supposed to be the basis of this artificial rubber. ' ; Undoubtedly one of the most itn portant aynthetlc products that this country has become acquainted with since the beginning of the war Is the new substance discovered In the lab oratories of the Goodyear Tire .and Rubber company, at Akron, Ohio, known as Neolin. Our American shoe manufacturers have already used this news material as soles 'on, 6,000,000 fairs or shoes. . ;. l i i j - i i i miglit rob you of a II I . uAllI III llAnn U nyusc ana nuiuic - III , ' : . BUT ....' 1 ydUiCan liyDILD J ; TELEPHONE 4631 . OnDER OF MOOSE Itl llAWMI WILL BE REORGANIZED, DOOMED QY GIFFORD Admirer of Islands, Former Hilo Resident, Here in Fra ternal Work Gecrse W. Gifford. who will be well remembered by many Hcnolulans and other islanders because of his activ ities iu the Loyal Order of Moose, is again in Hawaii, having arrived m Honolulu recently, direct from the na tional headquarters of the Moose, at Moosehaart, Illinois. Just before his departure, he received the appointment of district supervisor of organization for the Hawaiian and Philippine is lands. Mr. Gifford welcomed this ap pointment with great satisfaction, for the reason that." during numerous so journs' In the islands, covering a pe riod of nearly ten years, he fell very much in love with Hawaii, and is al ways glad to be back in the Paradise of the Pacific. He was a charter member of the Hilo Lodge, No. 825, I.. O. O. M.7 and. in 1313. was .dictator of that lodge. He has made many friends through out the islands. In Hilo he was con nected with the Hawaii Consolidated Railwaj-, and also with work on the Hilo breakwater. During the greater part of the last two years he has traveled extensively in the mainland states, having visited a large number of Moose lodges be tween the Pacific and the Atlantic sea boards, with a view to acquainMng himself with facts affecting the gen eral good ant welfare of the order he represents. He has ijeen familiar with the activities of the Moose In Hawaii from the beginning, and is now here for the purpose of strengthening the work of the order in these is lands. His headquarters are at No. 184 Magoon building. Merchant street, near Alakea, and he is stopping at the Blalsdell hotel. Following are some of the interest ine facts connected with the Loyal Order of Moose and Mooseheart: SDeaking ef the Order of Moose and of the work at Mooseheart, Gifford says: "The Loval Order of Moose, oreaniz- ed in 1888, is open to all good citizens who believe in a supreme being and members of the Caucasian race. Ad- pllcants between tha age of 21 and 50 11 i ' 1 .1.1 : years niaj join as Deneuciary mem bers. Applicants over 50 or between 50 or 21 years may join as non-bene-ciary members. "The Loyal Ordeiof Moose is not an insurance organization. It is an excellent social order with beneficial features. Its cardinal virtues are to aid the sic, bury the dead and in ject sunshine into dark places. There are 1650 lodges, located in all the leading city of the United States and Canada, Cuba. Panama. Alaska, Ha waiian and Philippine Islands, with beaut? ful homes and clubs. "The present net assets are $6,000. 000.00. Added to that, is Mooseheart. valued at two and a half millions. Mooseheart is a home for dependent children of deceased members of the Loyal Order of Moose. 35 miles west of Chicago, on the Lincoln Highway, in the beautiful Fox River Valley. It is a city itself. It has its own post office: two railroads, electric road, and two express offices. Mooseheart fpells salvation to hundreds of chil dren. Each child is taught a substan tial trade, beside being educated. There are 24 trades and crafts taught at present." For years the Federation of Amert can Motorcyclists has bc n tho official organization of motorcycle riders. Its main activities have covered the su perintendance of all sanctioned motor cycle races and the securing of legis lation and traffic regulations favora ble to the continuance of the industry and the protection of the 'riders. T. R. Thomas of the Goodyear Tire and Ruuoer company, who has had much experience in motorcycle affairs and i3 well known in motorcycle cir cles, has just been appointed secre tary of cue association, with offices at Akron, Ohio. President S. A. Falor also has his offices in that city, so that the chief officers of the associa tion are now so situated that its af fairs can be, carried on with despatch and economy. 1 Professor Pares, who has been On war service with'the Russian armies, declares that Russia has lost 3,800,000 men in one year.. o The strike of 11 tugboat firemen re sulted in serious, congestion in Buf falo, as thousands' of bushels of wheat are arriving there daily. LEARN mECTmCIITY- Enter this arofliablt profanfoa aw whllt Utt eportaajtles far ttactric! ftxpwta art . rt3t. Tur nerM la lartrhrfty patW u UmtmuIumm t rvr train ing HtctrMtr t a wwadrrfnl pmftsatoo ib4 might? bg B 4uiwta thouMnd of tratnwl mm j-rtjr mm th aabithm mm iUl eitf na wttl& k.irf4. Aataal MwU awt in tra a.UJ araattMl nn to Ms mmt in electricity for tb real txjwrt. Y ui becoa la electrical xpt la cut to eight bmbUis. . -. Come to Electrical Headquarters The New York Electrical School is the foremost institution In the country devoted to the sole pur pose of fitting men for electrical expert positions. 4500 graduates of N. Y. E, a, all holding fine businesses, are a tremendous testimonial to the efficiency of our learn by doing methods. . Complete Electrical Equipment: You work with specialists in each branch of electricity, uslnx the latest and. most complete apparatus. Detailed instruction In the theory, operation, con struction and installation of the various electrical apparatus and systems, as well as calculating.' testing, trouble locating and electrical drafting. The New York Electrical School gives you the theoretical knowledge of the electrical engineer, together with the ability to apply this knowledge whlcn comes only from actual practice. . The whola Ma ef ttaa X. T. E. S. Is to tmln mm for Immediate, expert electrical work apon craduation- Evary rnaa arfte waata ta eater, tka eteetHaal re4eete maul writ far the N. Y. E. S. eataleaiM -Mt free apta raaant VIM ten Wtleeaea, NEW YORK ELECTRICAL SCHOOL . West 17th treet New York City. Tel. Chelsea 2S33 tally We Your Reservations for your ChriGtmas Vacation at the famous Mauna Kea sails on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Inter-Island Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. W V t I Am Worth While Mm. for Mitoisife: v : : useful auto accessory ls. one. of - the ; most welcome of gifts to the motorist. 6 We have hundreds of things that are par ticularly desirable as gifts, among them the following general lines: v Stewart-Warner Products: Rear Sight Mirrors , Speedometers Engine driven Tire Pumps Cowl Clocks Ford Cowl Instrument Boards Warning Signals Attt'o Guards X-Ray Search Lights SERVICEDITORIAL Ever -ready Daylo Flashlights The finest thing for finding trouble with the motor, or tires after dark on the road. In many sizes and prices. - f Boyce Moto-Meters To go on radiator cap. Indicates the conditions of lubricating and water systems. .Cowl Lights Tool Kits for motorists. Give Him What He Wants Most Since this Christmas is to be one of worth while : gifts, we -t suggest that there be nothing ' that 'you will find to give to y, your motoring friend more ap propriate or more to be appret dated than some quality acces- j -sory such as you" will find us very well stocked with. : : 7 We have been making pre parations along, this line for some months and feel that you cannot do better than to come to us for suggestions and ad vice as to what will be most 1 suitable. - .- 0 - Main Store: Alakea and Merchant Sts. Service Branch : Opp. Libraryi King S t.