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HONOLULU STAE-BULLETIN, MONDAY. DECEMBER 3, 1917.
1 v - I WO ABSOLUTE NECESSITY FOR GREATER STORAGE PLANTS FOR LOCAL SUGAR Report Prepared for Planters Annual Meeting Goes Into Subject Thoroughly Absolute necessity for greater wirehouftA and Horace facilities for Hawaiian sugar is brought out in the reDort of the committee 'on "Ware housing and Storing of Sugar," of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' associa tion, prepared for the annual meet ing. The report discloses the fact that the storage capacities of the various plantations range from 10 to 50 per cent of their yields and only one plantation. Kahuku. reported that It could store its entire output The re port on this important subject, which since the uncertainty of shipping for the next season brings K to the fore front, has been compiled by the fol lowing committee: F. F. Baldwin, chairman; John A. Scott, George F. Renton, George Chalmers, John M. Ross, F. A. Alexander and George C. Watt. The committee sent out a list of questions on the subject to each plantation and the questions and the summary of the replies follow: Question 1: What type of building 'and floor therein do you consider best suited for sugar storage? "From information gathered in the Tenlies to the foregoing question, it is .apparent that experience has not yet brought about a substantial unanim Jty of opinion or practise In the con struction of sugar warehouses. "Most of the replies Indicate a con viction that the buildings should be .moisture nrool However, a building .that would satisfy this condition . In some localities might be totally un .aultable in other. Only four of the fniiea definitely recommend a fire proof building. A summary of the replies shows such & wide rang of individual prer orence that apnarently it is useless "for your committee to offer any :jhm for atandardlzina' details ;of construction. Nevertheless, we yen turo the opinion that fundamentally 'sugar warehouses should b both" fire proof and weather-proof. ' "Your committee is also of the pinion that a warehouse should be . rll Ueh'nA. aa a dark warehouse is usually a dirty warehouse and light is the .only universal sterilizing agent." - Question 2. Do you think sugar warehouses should bs ventilated t "From the replies It appears that there Is a wide variation or opinion a this point. This Is no doubt due to the variation In atmospheric cpndl " lions on the windward and leeward .sides of the islands. However5 your 'committee ventures the -opinion thai ventilation would prove .beneficial to the sugar .::!n storage at: anytime when the humidity or422e atmoepbere outside the warehouses. Is appreci ably lower than Inside. These condi tions can be certainly and cheaply ' known by the use of hygrometers pro perly placed. It is an established fact that sugar will absorb moisture from humid atmosphere and give up mois ture In dry ataoipbereV ? Question . What effect has the lo cation of the warehouse In relation to trsde winds .and the. ocean on the ' sugar In storage?. v:."V. ;j "From the data furnished It ceems . .that the most unfavorable location is joa the windward side of tho islands ' close proximity to . the ocean, unpro tected by trees or other building. In uch locatlona it appears that the .buildings must ... be; air " tight ' and damp-proof ' to be satisfactory. .The possible exceptions being when the warehouso is on the top of a cliff high enough to escape the lower stratum of . moisture-laden air coming off the ' ocean. v;t ? ? : . : ' ".. l- ,," The deduction your committee draws from the replies to this snd the former question Is that to prevent de terioration of raw sugar in. storage it must be protected from moisture; that moisture is recognized as the principal factor In deterioration; that It Is an ' economic waste to spend money1 in making dry sugar and then store it in a, warehouse that will not preserve it In as dry a condition as when it was put in; that sugar properly manufac tured will keep Indefinitely In a pro perly constructed warehouse." ::v" v4 ' Question 4: What percentage ef your total output of sugar do you believe you should be able te warehouse safe ly In case ef emergency? ' r 0: "The replies do not evidence any unanimity of opinion. - i f . rUntfl the year 191$, this factor was practically latent, for which reason it has not . entered heretofore Into the problem, each factory merely providing sufficient room to take "care, of their output between the acheduled sailing of the vessels in the sugar fleet, theii allotments for each vessel being known and arranged for between the com- '.' mencement of each crop. ' ? 1 "Some, of the plantations, however, h felt a new need in this respect during the longshoremen's strike in San Fran c'aco last year, This strike empha sized the fact, that if our shipping fa cilities were'.saspended during the har vesting season,' then this factor would In a short time become so acute ihat the lack of reserve capacity would In terfere with harvesting; the crop.-, rrae loss to the plantations In such "an eventuality . would be very - large compared with the Investment neces sary to provide ample storage capacity at the plantations to tide over such a contingency, v . ' -sr,... - ., :-; '-"Your committee respectfully sub mits that preparedness in. this direc tion is no longer air abstract prop osition, but a condition which calls not for d iscustlon, but lor action.' : - -The nation's needs may reduce our shipping facilities at any. time, and this committee recommends establish ing a stsndard of 50 per cent of the total crop that each plantation should bs able to warehouse safely ,ln case of emergency 3 ' - ' H isagftWSS V ' v l -nld by Murine. TiTttta mu.wp- r'" Question S: Have you noticed the influence of any heat-resisting fer ments as affecting the keeping quali ties of your sugar in storage? "That all the replies to question five, with three exceptions, are negative, should be a matter of congratulation to the plantations and can be accepted as good evidence that great care is exercised In keeping the moisture con tent of our sugars low enough to guar antee the keeping qualities. "Experience has shown that the heat resistant bacteria found in our raw sugars are practically inactive so long as the water contained in the film of molasses surrounding the sugar crys tals Is not more than half the non su&ar." Question 6: What influence of the methods of manufacture, have you noted as affecting the keeping quail ties of the sugar in storage? "The replies to question six, taken &r, a whole, show a keen appreciation of the fact that the method of manu facture is the principal controlling factor in the keeping quality of raw bugar in storage. "In summing up the replies it wil be noted that emphasis is again put on the necessity for cleanliness, the risk attendant on taking back infected low goods into manufacture, the risk of infection from mud tanks, the im portance of removing all mechanically combined impurities from the Juice. the importance of a neutral reaction of the juice, the doubtful practise of cashing the sugar n the centrifugals, the importance of producing , a grain large enough to separate readily from the surrounding molasses, and partlc ularly the Importance of a moisture content in the commercial product low enough to ensure its keeping quality "In regard to cleanliness, this should begin at the mills, as the juice trays and screens are frequently responsible for ferments entering the boiling house. "Your committee would class most of the buildings described as expedi ents and legacies from years gone by, but objectionable from one point or another in the light of present day knowledge. . Question 7: Do you favor the use of .Hersey Dryers? "Of ' the ' replies to the foregoing question, the majority, nineteen in number, are unconditionally opposed to the use of Herser Driers; eight are conditionally opposed to them, or bez the question; ten have no experience or do not reply; and only two planta turns' are unconditionally In favor of using them. Of these two. one the Honolulu Plantation, is manufacturing refined white sugar, and your commit tee r is -uncertain wnetner this reply was; decided by . their, own needs or was, an opinion as to the needs of the raw sugar factories. ?. .Tour committee advances the opin ion that Kersey Driers will always be unnecessary for .factories turning out raw sugar that Is . desirable from . a refining, standpoints though the fac tories that are equipped with dryers can use them In lieu of some other device for cooling - their commercial sugar, before bagging, and in that way will, obtain a decided : benefit from them.' ; ; - Question t: How Co you weigh your sugar, automatically or by hand? ui tne zx plantations replying to the foregoing question. 15 are weigh Ing their, sugar automatically. Of these. six are checkwelghlng all or part of their sugar, and about 0 per cent are weighing by hand. Your, committee makes the state ment, that the Importance of accurate weights of cur ? commercial product cannot be over-estimated, and that the problem of securing accurate weights at the ; factories and a corresponding outturn In sucrose at the destination, is one In which every one of us should be vitally, Interested, and that Just as muchvffort should be made to account for every pound of sucrose leaving the factory as for test entering. r Automatic scales have solved this problem In the refineries because they are manufacturing avfree running product, but our' raw sugar factories cave yet to And an automatic . scale that Is accurate, continuously depend able and xmifcrmly satisfactory. Two' believe the reason for this Is that raw sugar has a slight stickiness, s of a slow moving nature, and calls or a special knowledge of the product that the scale manufacturers have not gOt ;,T. -. "This opinion is borne out by the act' that such a" small percentage of our factories are weighing automatic ally, and that some have abandoned It for: hand .weighing after exhaustive trials; for it is generally recognized that an automatic scale with the elus ive properties of accuracy and depend ability .would be most desirable. ' TTbe automatic scales are nearly all constructed with equal armed beams, the leverage being one to one with no multiplication of error due to multi plied levers; while with the common platform scale used for hand weigh ing, the leverage Is usually 100 to 1, so that an error of one-fourth ounce at the end. of the lever means 25 ounces on the. platform. v : V v It follows that hand weighing re quires both careful and expert weigh men, for the weight of each bag to have any' degree of exactitude. Your committee suggests that wherever it Is feasible the sugar should be weighed in carload lots when It leaves the fac tory, as this will divide the error due to the. human element by the number of bags on the car.' One plantation re ports that they are doing this now, and all plantations should adopt the meth od of-systematically checking their weights."; . Question 9: How do you sew the bags? V " . "Practically 75 per cent of the fac tories, representing probably 90 per cent of the output of Hawaii, are us ing sewing mschlnes for closing their bags." This Is such conclusive evidence In favor of this method of sewing bags. Question 10: Do you use mechanical means for piling your sugar in the warehouse? If so, give a brief descrip tion of the apparatus used. Trom the replies received it will be seen that slightly more than 52 per Cent of the factories are using mechan ical means for handling their surar In the warehouses. Two of the fac tories not mechanically equipped are able to obtain the same results by us ing gravity, and the outturn of some of the factories Is no doubt too small to warrant any capital Investment in this SEVEN ADHD AS MEMBERS OF PLANTERS ASSN Seven new members have been ad mitted to the Sugar Planters' associa tion and two have died since the last meeting says the report of Secretary W. O. Smith read at the open session of the planters this morning. The new members are Frank N. Anderson. W. H. Balrd. Charles T. Jacobson, Erick A. Knudsen, S. S. Peck, William Wil liamson and H. Wolters. The deceased were F. M. Swanky and H. W. Thomas The report contained resolutions of sympathy for Mr. Swaniy's death. The report after reviewing fbe pro ceedings of the last meeting and ap pointment of committees urged com mittee members to hand in their re ports not later than September 15, so they may be printed for distribution The sugar crop report for the year as prepared ty R. D. Mead showed tonnage of 644.091 (short tons). At tention was called to the need of some system of boiler inspection in the ter ritory. Excerpts from the Department of Commerce's report on the cane sugar Industry, which have already been published by the Star-Bulletin at various intervals, were outlined by Secretary' Smith. This report shows that Cuba produces 36 per cent of the sugar used in the United States and Hawaii 12 per cent Relative to grow ing conditions the following was in corported in the secretary's report: " "Natural conditions are most favor able in Cuba. There is no scarcity of fertile land suited to sugar cane; there is abundant rainfall: there i3 suffi cient population to supply the labor needed, without the prp'-oure of popu iation upon land that leads to high land values and tends toward rela tively small holdings. In Hawaii con ditlons are very different. Land suit ed for sugar cane is limited in area and high in price; deficient rainfal requires on most of the plantations expensive systems of irrigation; the use of fertilizers is necessary; and laborers from other countries must be Induced to settle in the islands. Yet by science and cooperation these 'dif ficulties have been largely overcome; nowhere is the cultivation of sugar cane more Intensively and successfully conducted; nowhere is more efficient machinery employed; nowhere are ac counts more carefully kept; and no where is tne industry, as a whole more skilfully directed." direction, while others ship their out put from the factory daily. "It is gratifying to note that so little expense is being devoted to hand labor in the factory warehouses, and there is no doubt but that the fixed installa tions of elevators and carriers, and the portable piling devices described, al pay a handsome interest on the in vestment" Question 11: What was your, aver age loss in weight and sucrose per tag en your San Francisco shipments as compared i wiih New York shict ments fcr the crop of 1916? "There Is a great divergence in the loss, both in weight and in sucrose, of the Atlantic and Pacific Coast ship ments as reported by the various plan tations. Fifteen plantations report the loss in -weight per bag as being high est in the Pacific Coast shipments, while nine report the contrary. Two of'the latter state, however, that this is only true for this one crop and that previous crops have shown higher losses in the Pacific Coast shipments. This difference is more pronounced in the case of the plantations that have the higher loss in Atlantic Coast ship ments, so that In an average of the 241 plantations, the 9 plantations more than offset the 15 plantations, and so the average for all 24 shows a slightly higher loss in Atlantic shipments. "Five plantations report a larger gain in polarization in shipments to the Atlantic, while two plantations re port the opposite. "From the data given, the loss of sucrose in pounds per bag can be ob tained for nine plantations and the percent of sucrose per 100 sucrose shipped for four more plantations. As suming that these last four bsd a ship ping weight of 115 lbs. and a shipping polarization of 96 degrees, the aver age for the 13 would give: "Atlantic Coast, .42 lbs. sucrose lost per bag. "Pacific Coast, .428 lbs. sucrose lost per bag. "The 1916 crop amounted to 593,483 tons. The 24 plantations in the fore going list represent over 400,000 tons, so that it is reasonable to assume that their average loss will represent that of the group. At .785 lbs. per bag, this would amount to 3,700 tons of com mercial sugar lost in transit. Part of this is compensated for by the increase n polarization. The loss in sucrose amounts to practically 2,, 170 tons of commercial sugar. Actually tne loss must be in excess of this,, as quite a cumber of plantations put an over weight of sugar in their sacks to cut down the apparent shipping loss. At 1100 per ton (which is less than the average received for the 1916 crop), this would amount to 1217,000. In ad dition to this, the plantations paid the relght commissions, and insurance on 2,000 tons more than they received pay ment for, which brings the total lese up to about 1240.000. The plantations also paid two or three thousand dollars for containers to hold sugar for' which they received no payment 'Your committee regrets that the replies to the foregoing question were ncomplete in so msny instances as to the mechanical loss of commercial sugar and sucrose in transit, as we hoped to be able to make some posi tive deductions on this subject, instead of presenting estimated averages." The reason you advertise is to tell as many prospects as possible about what yon are offering. The Star-Bul-letin goes into 6300 homes every evening6300 home circles who are as anxious to find a bargain as an astrono mer is a new star. PLANTERS' PRESIDENT CALLS FOR PATRIOTIC SERVICE IN INDUSTRY (Continued from page 1) . largely increased cost of production. excessive freight rates, and enormous taxes. "As an illustration of what has hap pened, let its compare the following fig ures, showing bonus and taxes pail by the Ewa Plantation Company in the last year before the war, and the bonus paid this year, and estimated taxes to be paid as a result of this year's op erations : Before Now Bonus $13,918.00 $ 505,339.00 Taxes 58.98S.35 1,107,240.00 Total ....$72,906.35 $1,612,579.00 Per Ton Sugar 2.43 46.40 ."Figures like these are so startling as to suggest at least the thought that perhaps the net gains and final divi dends to the owners of the plantations will not be so large as the prevailing high prices for sugar would seem to indicate. This radical change in the conditions to be met certainly calls for very careful consideration of the question as to whether or not some modification shuld be made in the bonuB system to bring it more nearly in line to accomplish the purpose for which it was originally intended. Experiment Station. "The excellent service performed by our experiment station continues to be demonstrated, and will be fully covered In the able report submitted which contains a full review of the ac complishments of the past year. Ten of the employes of the station have left for war service. This leaves the station short handed, but this Is a condition to be expected in times lke these, and must be met as best It can. "The departure of Mr. Muir is a most serious loss, and we trust his life will be spared and that he will in due time return to our service. Obituary "During the year past we have'lost. by death Francis Mills Swanzy, one of our oldest members. He was ac tively connected with the development of the sugar industry since his arrival here in 1881, and has seen it grow from small beginnings to its present commanding position. He was first elected a trustee of the Planters' La bor & Supply Co. on October 20, 1S89. He filled the offices of auditor and treasurer for several terms, and was elected president, November 26, 1895, upon the reorganization of this asso- INROADS OF R1ANY PLANTATIONS SUFFER FROM Distributing of Parasites imp""11 h" been foun,d to be. est: Large Number to Re-establish Control Advocated "A number of plantations have had an unusual amount of leaf-hopper in one or more fields at some time dur ing the year," states H. P. Agee, di rector of the Hawaiian planters' ex periment station in his report to the annual meeting of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' association. Continuing the report says, in part: "In certain cases the damage was extensive and severe. Among the plantations mentioned are the follow ing: On Oahu, the Oaha Sugar com pany, Ewa Plantation company, Waia lua Agricultural company; on Kauai, Kekaha Sugar company and Lihuo plantation; on Hawaii, Olaa Sugar company, Hawaiian Agricultural com pany, Waiskea plantation, Hakalau Sugar company and the Pacific Sugar mill. "At Ewa fields of H-109 cane were affected, particularly the plant cane. At Kekaha there was an outbreak in some of the .lowland fields, worse than they had had since the early leaf-hopper days. At Olaa the severe outbreak of last year has continued and increased in area and severity. Where leaf-hoppers were doing such destructive work in connection with the leaf-roller at Pahala for the two previous years, this year they have been reduced to a point where they are scarce. "These outbreaks of the last three years have caused some concern. Mr. Muir says that he has been asked if the parasites are 'playing out,' but states that he can see no reason tc believe that suth a thing is happen- ng. He holds the opinion that under favorable conditions which have been the normal conditions of the past teu years or so, the parasites are able te hold the lear-hoppers in check so that the damage is small. When these conditions are upset the leaf-hoppers multiply rapidly and damage is done before the parasites regain control. Mr. Muir points out that the disturb ing factor may, have occurred months previously, and among these factors he enumerates the normal winter in crease in hoppers; heavy rainstorms, particularly if accompanied by high winds; the harvesting of large areas. particularly Isolated areas, and es- j pecially if they are burnt over; and ! the migration of leaf-hoppers to areas that have been free from the pest I hnd hence clear of the parasites. ; "These and other factors lead, ac-1 cordine to Mr. Muir. to one result, the : freeing of the leaf-hoppers from their ; parasites, and he advocates distribut-1 ing the parasites artificially in large numbers in order to re-establish their control of the pest. This can best be done by placing a quantity of mid ribs of the cane leaves which carry the parasitized leaf-hopper eggs at in tervals across a new area, properly protecting them from drying out. Re cent observations have led Mr. Muir to believe that much can be accom plished hy this method of contending with leaf-hopper outbreaks which may be expected from time to time. New Leaf-Hopper Parasites 'The breeding of the Formosan eaf-hopper egg parasites has been continued by Mr. Swezey and Mr. Timberlake, and colonies Were sent out whenever available to planta tions where conditions were suitable. Thirty colonies of the Ootetrastichus species were distributed, and this elation, when the Planters' Labor & Supply Company, a corporation, was gucceeded by the Hawaiian Sugar j Plftntera- association, and has since I .n. f ta.ma Appropriate resolutions were adopted by the trustees and spread upon the records. Coming Year "Among the problems which will confront us during the new year, that of the transportation of our sugars to market will not be the least. As you all know, the fleets of the American- Hawaiian Steamship Company and Matson Steam Navigation Company have been requisitioned by the United States, and several of the vessels which have been regular callers in out ports have been diverted to other bus! ness. The association has presented its case clearly to the United States shipping board, and assurances are given that our needs will be cared for The rate of freight which we will be called upon to pay is yet to be de termined, but we can rest assured that it will be a material increase over that previously enjoyed by us. The invest gation made by the association as to transportation needs of the territory- revealed the fact that, during the 1 months ending October 31, 1917, the freight space used per capita of our population was upwards of seven tons without taking into account the im ports of oriental merchandise. "The price of sugar will also be fixed by the government, and wil probably be materially lower than would prevail if trade were allowed to proceed without governmenetal reg'.i lation. "The enormous increase in taxes, and it is by no means certain that further increases will not be made, the high price of supplies which have in many cases doubled and trebled the advance in freight rates and cost of labor and of every item entering into the coat of production, the shrink age in crops Incident to the drought recently experienced, bring many of us face to face with a condition which calls for the exercise of the mos careful supervision and management, or many of the estates will face a de ficit instead of a profit. I believe, however, that the difficulties with which we are confronted will be over come, and that our industry will flour ish and be the mainstay of Hawaiian prosperity ( for many years to come." LEAF - HOPPER PEST lished on two plantations. On the whole, however, Mr. Muir considers that the showing made by these For- mosan species is disappointing. "The Chinese' Dryinld, a parasite related to the well known Faircblld parasite of the cane leaf-hopper, Intro duced by Mr. Muir in 1907, was first found established last year, and ls this year reported by Mr. Swezey in most of the Infested plantations. The adult resembles a large black ant; the parasitized leaf-hopper appears to have a large black wart beneath the wings. "Mr. Swezey finds that in most places a fairly close balance is main talned between the borer and it Tachinid parasite. Where rata occur they facilitate the work of the borer and more damage results. "Some more colonies of the Tachi nid were sent to the Hutchin son Sugar Plantation company, where they are not yet known to be estab lished. One search was made since these colonies were liberated, but to no effect Yellow Stripe Disease "During, the past year this diseaae has appeared in epidemic form in many fields of Striped Tip cane on Hawaii, extending over far greater areas and ruining a larger percenta age of the stools than in any former epidemic on record. The disease, ac cording to Dr. Lyon, did not occur in Isolated patches of small extent, but was generally distributed throughout the fields, attacking from 50 to 90 per cent of the stools. "After examining certain fields of the Hamakua coast, Dr. Lyon estimat ed that the Yellow Stripe disease would be responsible for the loss of thousands of tons of sugar independ ently of any other adverse factors which might affect these fields. "This goes to show that the experi ment station was fully justified in recommending the gradual substitu tion of other varieties for one sus ceptible to the Yellow Stripe disease. Refining Properties "This subject has occupied the prin cipal attention of Dr. Norris and his assistants during the year. As author ized by the trustees of the association Dr. Norris made a trip to the main land, to visit refineries in California and in the East, to obtain more pre cise information in regard to the re- fining qualities of Hawaiian sugar. A short trip was also made to Cuba to investigate methods of raw sugar manufacture mere. The results of Dr. Norris' findings have been covered hi separate reports. "As a tentative standard for the past season it has been assumed that a desirable sugar should not have lover 5 per cent by weight of grain of less than three-quarters of a millime- ter square. Having now on hand about four hundred samples of Cuban sugars of 1917, pr. Norris purposes tt determine the size of grain in a large number of them, thus securing data upon which a permanent standard can be based. Messrs Burgess, Mc Allep. Brodle and Reynolds have tak en part in the examination of sugars during the year. . "It Is the intention, to continue the tests on raw augars during next sea eon. Aside from the tests mentioned above certain research investigation on raw sugars are in progress for the purpose of getting information that will be of assistance In improving their refining value. Production of Exhausted Molasses "The large amount of work required W STORE EVERYTHING JAMES H. LOVE . Serve at the every PvAAnm' I I ICtHlQIIl S JLOal rT9 r. r tr inVEfilENTNOTED IN REFINING QUALITIES OF HAWAIIAN SUGARS Experiment Station Committee Reports Success Over Beetle Pest Attention Is called to the fact that during the past year a study has been made in the refineries of the United States and Cuba as to the com parative reHnlng merits of Hawaiian sugar with competitive sugar in a re port which has been filed with the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association by the committee in charge of the experiment station. "That very definite progress has been made by the plantations in im proving the refining quality of their sugar is now quite apparent to all," is one of the statements in the report. The report la signed by J. W. Wal dron, J. F. C. Hagens, T. H. Petrle, A. Gartley, C. R. Hemenway and J. N. S. Williams. , The report follows -UK nltA- t our sugar industry which 1 stand. out.JJ??"! SSSJ: more prominently and v which la pro ductive of greater ami more lasting benefits to the plantations than the successful introduction of effective parasites to control, our insect pests. The Anomala beetle, which gained foothold on the Island of Oahu some six or more years sgo, had already I done ereat damase before spreading' beyond the boundaries of two tions of this island. It is, therefore. with .distinct pleasure and pride that we point to the Introduction of what appears to be a very valuable parasite for checking the ravages of this in sect. In fact the outlook is se prom ising that it may already be regarded as little short of a successful achieve ment. Special credit Is due Mr. Muir and the entomologists who have been associated with him In this undertak ing which has extended over i more than four::year. and which Involved Investigations In Japan, Formosa. Java and the Philippines before the effec tive parasite (a ScOlia wasp) was final ly located. Introduced and established. 'The leafhoppcr outbreaks ox tne last three years have been serious and will demand a thorough cooperation between the plantations and the ento mologists of the station in the system atie distribution, of parasites from one field to another, along the lines advo cated by Mr. Muir. In connection with the leafhopper outbreaks, wo feel that it Is absolutely necessary that the department of entomology, in particu lar, again commence the regular in spection oi the condition of the plan tations a work which has been some what neglected for the past' year or two, on account of all Its energies be ing concentrated upon the introduc tion of the enemy of the Anomala. ' The work of the agricultural depart ment, under Mr Larson, deserves spe cial mention. By an extensive scries of field experiments a great deal of precise dUa Is being secured upon efficient methods of fertilization, cul tivation and. irrigation. Your com mittee feels that there are many very complex questions in connection with cur agricultural problems and that these can be dealt with by the planta tions only alter such thorough-going investigations as are now being con ducted Jointly by the managers of the plantations and the agriculturists of this station. The work of extending the propa gation of new seedling varieties to the other islands appears to have been a particularly good move and has re sulted in the . production of some eighteen thousand seedlings. This is a greater number than has been secur id by the station in - ail or tne pre vious vears work in this connection, Recent investigations by Mr. Bur on raw sugars has delayed the mo lasses investigations referred to last year, rne results ooiainea oy ur. Norris so far, however, indicate that none of the plantations are yet pro ducing a final molasses from which no more sugsr can be obtained. In an experimental boiling house devised from laboratory apparatus, Dr. Norris has reduced the gravity purity of mo- asses from four widely separated plantations to about 30 degrees. These plantations are on three different is lands and grow different varieties of cane. So far the rule holds good that the higher the density to which the final masseculte is boiled the lower the purity of the molasses obtained; the limiting factor being the work ability of the masseculte in the cen trifugals. Pineapple Investigations 'The work which is being handlea for the Pineapple Packers associa tion has continued to increase In scope and volume under Dr. Lyon's direction. Numerous field experiments are under way relating to cultivation and fertilization practises and labora tory investigations deal with seversl field and cannery problems. The Pineapple Packers' association have provided at Wahlawa a substation to accommodate a large number of pine apple seedlings which Dr. Lyon and Mr. Doty have propagated. A large glass house snd a small laboratory and office building will be erected and the place will be adequately equipped for work la pineapple breed- in'' ,., .CITY TRANSFER COMPANY phone mt. table and eat crumb mi: Phone 1431 or your grocer and place your order for definite delivery. , geas In connection with the diseased ' condition of Lahslna cane point more strongly than ever to the fact that this trouble is related to the presence of v black alkali salts in our soils; and It is believed that, now that the cause of this malady is better understood, we . will be able to deal with it in a much . ; more satisfactory way. -' "Other cane diseases have been kept under close observation by Dr. ' Lyon and preventive measures havsv"' " been outlined In connection with suchs troubles as infectious top-rot, yellow stripe disease, etc. "A special effort has been made dur : ' ing the past year by Dr. Norris to aid the plantations in improving the re fining value of our raw sugars.- Dr. Norris visited the refineries of , the west and east coasts of the United States and the Island of Cuba, obtain- -ing exact information as to the com parative refining merits of Hawaiian , sugar and competitive sugar. Tht - v by the plantations in improving the re fining quality of their sugar Is ne V) quite apparent to alL It Is proposkJ that a systematic study of this quss-. tlon be continued for at least anothtr Tear. . ' - wnue we have mentioned a few ."u " " -m wiuim ue scope plauta-i"10 0iat, with the many Important affairs now helar. ! handled by the station, we would call your attention to the iact that the work of this, institution has grown In' nearly every department during the past few, years and that this enlarge ment of activities has almost without exception been in response to very definite demands from the plantations and their agencies. It becomes more and -more apparent, as, time goes en and as .cooperation 'grows between tin plantations and 'he station, that there arev an - IncreasihV "number iof .technical problems connected wjth the Industry; which deserve to he haa- ' died In Just such a way as we are deal-V Ing with them. ' ; U"- - . ' "In accordance with your .authorlza tlon, a new reinforced concrete build- " ing was erected at the station durfsx ' the year, at a cost of 3:,9S.41. - This structure Is now occupied .by the dl rector's off!ce,;the entomological de partment, ; agricultural - department,' business office and library. Atids from relieving the very overcrowded -condition of the old building, the valu able tecords of the: station, the entc- mological colctlons which have beea secured through foreign explorations, and the extensive technical library ' comprising laome 2500 volumes, are -now afforded" the fire protection which their, importance merits. - ' HAWAIIAN SUGAR n CENTRALS IN CEgU There Is everyDOSsIbIlItv that . the growing Importance of Cebu may re sult in the erection here of a great sugar central; f or ; Hawaii. Several sugar capitalists from ; Hawaii are shortly expected here on an official visit for.the purpose and Lord," the well known sugar man of Hawaii, head of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters Asso ciation in Cebu. Is activelr Interesting himself In the matter. In fact, he is acting as the representative of that group of islands. ; The money likely to be Invested is said to "amount to 2,000,000 pesos.-rCebn (P, I.) Chron icle. '" : r- ; Four sailors are known to have been lost on the American s steamer Co Chester, torpedoed on Nov.. 2". FOR RENT. FURNISHED HOUSES: , Royal Grove, Waikikt newly Xarnlshed 2-bedroom house, shower, hot water, etc Phone 4S27. 6953 tf FOR SALE. MISCELLAENOUS. Edison Phonograph, practically new, 136 new records, $75.00 for outfit. Call at room 218 Majestic HoteL : 958 tf LOST. Canvas bag containing National figur ing book, between Punchbowl and Richards streets, on King street. Re turn to Star-Bulletin. 6J58 3t FOR SALE. AUTOMOBILES. Buick "Big 9," 1918, good condition, cheap for cash, owner leaving city. Tel. 4293 before 10 a. m. or call 1714 Beckley street, 988 It ' FOR SAL . AUTOMOBILES Maxwell Touring Car, 1918 raodeV ex cellent running condition and ap pearance. For eaafe onlgr.. Phone 17, Pearl Harbon -. V" f ' --'. ----- - v