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Honolulu star-bulletin. [volume] (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1912-current, December 29, 1917, 3:30 Edition, Navy Army and Features, Image 20

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WAR LIFE 111 ALBANIA TOLD OF
' BY FORMER STAR-BULLETIN MAN
Harry Frantz of French Ambu
lance Corps Having Busy
Time in Balkans
"Somewhere In Albania" i the title
of an interesting article In the latent
number of the Typographical Journal
written by Harry W. Frantz. former
linotype operator with the Star-Bulletin.
After a considerable time in Ila
wall; the land of Holo Pau as he rails
It, Frantz went to Japan and China,
thence returning by way of Hawaii to
the mainland.
"If 1 member rightly, my lat let
ter to the Journal was written from
the land of Holo Pau, eorae time last
fall. When I returned to the Pacific
coast in December after lit months in
Hawaii and the Orient I felt convinced
that my travels were at an end for a
while. J reckoned erroneously, how
ever. In May my college days were
terminated when I Joined a volunteer
ambulance unit of Stanford University
for service with the American 'ambu
lance corps in France. Arriving at
Paris In June we were offered an op
portunity to drive cars for the Armee
d'Orient In the Balkans. We left the
French capital In July, traveling over
land by rail through France and Italy
' to Tarento, thence by transport to Sa
lonlkl In Greece, and from there by
rail and auto camion to our present
field of operations somewhere In Al
bania. To avoid ' reference to an atlas, I
may explain that Albania is the Dal
, lean country which lies on the eastern
. coast of the Adriatic, south of Monte
" negro and north of Greece. The battle
front runs across the country from
the tea Into southern Serbia. The
. western part of the line is. held by
Italian troops and the eastern part by
the Ftencn troops. Including, colonials,
and Russians in the employ of the
'French government. : The French sec
l tlon 'of the front continues on into
Serbia. The "English are further to
the east. While the war on the Al
; banian front is far less intense than
that in France, it certainly Is not -dull.
Trench systems are less extensive and
V operations generally are more open.
All movements are attended by great
;. difficulties In transportation, owing to
V the complete absence of railroads. The
: country Is very mountainous; it is in
habited try some 'of the strangest peo
. pies on ; the g'obe. In' addition, pic
turesqueness is lent to the activity on
i the front by the presence of a great
variety of races and nationalities. '
r : Many Nationalities
"On the allied aide of the entire Oal
kan front there are at least 26 differ
ent nationalities. In Albania the num
ber is much less, yet In many places,
one may - see.; men from four contin
ents.' In the, Armee d'Orient, for ex-
- ample, are not only" Frenchmen, but
; Senegalese, Arabs, Indo-Chinese, Mo
roccans the famous Spaht cavalry
r man and, Americans. !; The latter are
r not numerous, being entirely confined
t to two sections of ambulance drivers
representing the American1 field ser
rice. In one of these sections your
correspondent has the honor to serve.
There are 25 men in the group, with
v . two exceptions former students of
.Stanford University In California. ,:
"Driving an ambulance in, the Bai
v kans Is perhaps less exciting than one
- might Imagine. In the main, the work
; consists of transporting , malades, or
sick men, from ambulance camps" near
the front to hospitals some 30 miles
7 to, the rear. Dysentery And malariaJ
y. are rery eommon In this part of the
"world, and probably kill -more men
; than the bullets of the enemy.v Oc-
casionallyf there Is s spell of activity
on the fronVduring 'which, wounded
men ' will be numerous. Last month
; the blesses Included numbers of Aus
trians who had been taken prisoners
during a French offensive. The roads
- are bad, ' the grades, steep, and the
hauls long so the work Is hard.- Per
haps the chief danger is derived from
driving at night through-the moun-'-'
tains. Vv';- ' vi ' '
' Aeroplane Attacks.
" "At times aeroplane bombing parties
-enliven things somewhat. Last week
a .hostile avion acknowledged my ew
lstence by dropping three bombs near
the road about 200 yards ahead of my
car. The presence of numerous bands
of komatajes, or brigands. In the ro-
gion adds something to the interest
, of- the work. Four' cars upset during
our first six weeks of service here, 'the
total damage to the drivers being one
cracked rib. Broken springs and axloa
are frequent, and the staff of mecha
nics is kept pretty busy, - ,. . ...
; The Albanian people are agricultur
ists, prlmarilyr They have no manu
factures to sneak of. and Lh f
means of- transportation forbid any I
' considerable commercial development
Many of the men have been to tbe f
United States at some time or-other,'
aifd these constitute the most progres;.
' sive element of the : community. In I
addition to the native Albanians, many
Roumanians and ; Turks live In the
country, and Bulgarians ,were numer- j
Smifo
, TVe Trill pay 6c a pound for clean cotton rags and
, -will send'onr Tragon to any address to get them.
r , Just Phone 4911
;.; Sell your Bags and Support a French Orphan
MmeMu Star-Bulleti
ous before the war. Religiously, tne
people are divided between the Mo
hammedan and the Greek Orthodo
faith. In most towns are to be seen
both the Greek church with cross ani
the mosque with minaret. Education
i not extensive, and development gen
erally has been arrested by protracte-1
political strife and misgowrnment.
The southeastern part of Albania with
in the fast decade has been under the
rule of Turks, the independent Albs
nian eovernment. and the Greeks. Last
fall this section was organized into a
republic of Koritza, with the encour
agement and support of the Frenrli
military authorities.
"At this time the presence here of
large lodies of troops changes the gen
eral complexion of things. Food Fuy
plies are scarce, and prices are very
high. Ravitaillement. or supplies for
the troops, is brought into the country
by automobile transport, the normal
native production being insufficienl
oven for the natives, many of whom
must im supported by the military au
thorities. As a result, large gangs of
men, women and children are employ
ed at road work, for which labor they
receive both wages and rations. So
far as an observer can see, the French
authorities treat the natives with
scrupulous fairness and generosity.
At times, when an attack is contem
plated, the civil population is marched
to refugee camps well to the rear,
pending the completion of the action.
. Balkan Future Hazy
"As to the future of the Balkan
states, and of Albania in particular, no
one may fairly profess to have a Very
definite idea. Austria Las declared a
protectorate over northern Albania,
and Italy has taken similar action In
regafd to the southern part of the
state. The existence of the Republic
c. Koritza, ostensibly under French
protection, further complicates the
situation. Certainly there will be
much wagging of diplomatic tongues
and much scratching of statesmen's
heads before anything like a perma
nent and just Bolutlon is achieved, i
will not muddle this simple narrative
by interpolating my own opinion.
"Typographically, Albania is hardly
on the map. I believe that a few
small papers are printed in the coast
towns, but in the interior there exist
only a few smalT job offices, employing
only, natives. Before arrival 1 had an
idea that there might be a few real
offices In Sal oniki, Greece, the great
center for allied operations in the
Balkans, a city which recently burned.
Iywas disappointed. There were no
linotypes in town and the cases
were manned by Greeks and Spanish
Jews. The single English newspaper
there, the Balkan' News, Is published
by government employes and solely
for the convenience o the troops.
"Between pounding' the keys of a
linotype and driving an ambulance
there is some difference. First, in the
matter of the wage scale. Just now
I am earning the .munificent sum of
eight sous per da.'. For this sum 1 can
buy one -egg, if there is- any, on the
market As for houns.we are liable
to be called out . any time; though
there may be days when there is lit
tle or nothing to do. Officer "are no
more exacting than proofreaders and
foremen. ' Dues are nil. On the whole
It Is rather . a happ"y, carefree 'life
one can have as many friends, and of
as many different nationalities, as he
cares for. Of course in time it will
become rather boresome. Food is suf
ficient, but " not - in great variety, the
short ration of sugar being rather
painful. ; The . government tobacco
comes from Algeria; occasionally
some philanthropist In the states
sends a few cigars or cigarettes and
there is real oy in camp. ,
i'TThe. length of my; stay-in. the Bal
kans , is cointlneent. on many things.
The American field service is now in
process :of absorption bythe United
Slates army, and Unay find myself in
the automobile service on the French
front" before many months.' The best
thing one ever gets outthere is mail
from home, and I'd be mighty glad to
hear ' from any of the friends; of yes
teryear,' who may care to write. Ad
dress: S.'S. AmeTicaln 10, Convols Au
tomobiles,' Armee .d'Orient,: Par B. C.
SL, Marseilles; France", - "
AlLHMIf
BUYS M
feOM
i
if5)i iii;i.tUitlTi'V'A';lit'
i w
D.
SOLDIER WRITES
ABOUT FUNERAL
OF LATE QUEEN
FftKSXO. Cal., Dec. 9. An account
of the funeral of Queen Liliuokalani of
Hawaii is contained in a letter receiv
ed by Faye Kilpatrlck of Hughson
from VTylie Kilpatrlck. with the 91st
ambulance corps, stationed near Ho
nolulu, ft reads:
Tth Ambulance Company.
"Sohofleld. Barracks.
"Hawaii, Nov. 23. 1917.
"Last Sunday I. went down with 'sev
eral others in an ambulance and join
ed the throngs of onlookers at the fun
eral procession of Queen Liliuokalani
said the customary things that on
lookers are expected to say and re
reived the customary impressions. J
thought I was lucky to see a pageant
that was something more than a make
shift representing a dead past. This
one was real, portraying a period fast
passing away, and the actors were
themselves the ones who had lived the
life portrayed. The thing that made
the pageant effective-was that it was
not intentionally at all, but just as
sumed that characternaturally.
"The urilliant colors and costumes
of the native dres3 which I had hither
to associated only with advertise
ments or displays for tourists' benefit
began to seem less artificial as an
cient natives men in flowing robes
and women in dark dresses with red
bands slowly trailed in a long line
wailing their chants in native tongue.
No repression here even with the
cynical- world looking on. The color
and decorations were gorgeous. I did
not tlnk color in a funeral would
seem fitting, "yet in the big out of door
setting it did not seem out of place.
Natives of the younger generation
showing the influence of Americans
emphasized the transient quality.
"The bodyfuard of the queen men
who had been associated with her in
her reign were a picturesque aaai-
tion to the scene In flowing red and
yellow robes. The military side was
strongly marked, for the processiona
military class who form so large
part of the island life were sure to at
tend to that. The 2nd Infantry, 4th
Cavalry, 9th. Field Artillery clattered
through the streets.
"More interesting than that was th8
participation of a company of Japan
ese pallors. A ship has been stationed
in Honolulu since the new treaty. One
interesting incident though in an un
expected way. Before the troops had
fallen in, the Japanese and American
soldiers were lounging in the park, the
latter, of course,, smoking Bull Dur
ham. But strangely, the Japanese
were not smoking, until suddenly
command was given, and as if by
magic, every one of them produced a
cigarette case. A second command
and puff, all cigarettes were simultan
eously lighted and the Japanese
lounged back at ease.
The appearance of the national
guard regiments was worth noting.
You know the guard here is composed
almost exclusively of natives, Japan
ese and Chinese. There seems to be
no troublein recruiting them for ser
vice. It gives you a raffrer queer feel
lag, a shock in fact, to see the United
States uniforms coming down the
street and then, on nearer view, their
brown and yellow faces. When Ser
geant Chinn Lee gives a command in
pigeon English or when Lieutenant
Kalouwen orders 'Wikiwiki' (hurry
up) a middle westerner is apt to rub
his eyes.
"WYLIE KILPATRICK.'
U. i BRIEF IN
DRAFT APPEAL
WASHINGTON. In a brief made
public recently asking the Supreme
Court to dismiss cases attacking the
constitutionality of the selective draft
law, the government asserts that
power conferred upon Congress to de
clare war carries with it authority to
compel, military service ei'her at home
of abroad. Compulsory draft is ' de
clared to have been a normal method
of raising armies ever since this gov
ernment was established, the legality
of which has been repeatedly upheld
by the courts. The situation In Rus
sia Js pointed to, without mentioning
the name, as a demonstration that
there can with safety be no absolute
freedom In civilized societies.
"If the argument against this law
upon constitutional grounds be not
frivllous," . says the brief, "then that
adjective has lost its legal signlfi
cmce."
The cases now before the curt "In
clude nine appeals from Minnesota,
Georgia and Ohio, in which persons
were convicted of either failing to
register on June 5 or of attempting
to block the operations of the act by
urging others of draft age not to com
ply with it. Among the cases are
those of Emma Goldman and Alexan
der Berkman, convicted in New York
after having made speeches opposing
the law. Argument on them prob
ably will begin Tuesday. j
"It is true that the law provides
for the restraint of the liberty of the
citizens to a certain. iextent," the brief
sets forth. "Yet to protect most
truly the liberties of people who live
together In communities, it is plain
that some governmental organization
and some exercise of governmental
powers are necessary. There is no
absolute freedom in civilized societies
Our own history prior to the adoption
of the constitution and the present ex
perience of one of the allies vividly
fchow moreover that the government
which exercises least powers may be
the Instrument of tyranny in the hands
of domestic disturbers as well as the
facile tool of foreign conquerors.
"Illustration, may be cited without
number to show that in order to pro
tect the liberties cf the people as a
hplo the Individual citizen may In-
MADE
PUBLIC
Neolin Soles Protect Health and Puree
k . '
MUDDIED crossings and the thin but dangerous film of water bnj !.
pavements after thaws and showers cause many a cold. : Against ;
such colds Neolin Soles protect you because they are waterproof.
The ordinary leather sole is not waterproof. After it has once beqn
thoroughly wetted, it becomes spongy and porous, so that it soaks up ,
literally breathes in the water and moisture underfoot.
Waterproof Neolin Soles protect your
health and purse by protecting you from
such moisture, from the colds it causes,
and from the damage it does to uppers.
Shoes soled with waterproof Neolin keep
their shape, look well, and last longer.
And NeSlin Soles themselves wear from
two to six times as long as ordinary leather
and cost no more. They are more comfort
able because they are more flexible. New
shoes soled with them need no breaking in.
When you do your fall and winter buy-
ing
be sure to
Leather soles are 'stiff
Neolin Soles are comfort
able. Leather soles slip Neolin
Soles grip, yet they can
riot scratch fine floors
and furniture.
TRAOS
cidentally or temporarily he restrained
of his liberties. Yet military service,
cited as an extreme example of re
striction of personal liberty Is only
temporary Incidental to the security
nf the citizens as a whole, and only
S3 lar imposed as is necessary for
the purpose. The few who are com
pelled to serve do so that the many
who remain at home at the present
time and the generations who come in
the future may enjoy those blessings
of freedom which this government
was established to tecure."
The brief characterizes as "un
founded" the contention that compul
sory military service is contrary to
the spirit of democracy and says that
while occasions f r.r the draft in this
country have been infrequent, "it has
becn.tttorted to without flinchiBJ
wuea i he emerjencyarpse
It 1
ao wnat eignt miuion
Leather soles soak up water
' Neolin Soles are water
proof. Rubber soles stretch
Neolin Soles hold their
shape.
These Merchants Sell Neolin-Soled Shoes i
New York Shoe Store, Nuuanu Street near Hotel.
Kim. Chow, 1018 Nuuaxra Street.
' T. Inoue, 58 North Beretania Street.
M. Hashiguchl, River Street near Hptel.
Manufacturers' Shoe Co., Ltd., 1051 Fort Street.
Regal Shoe Store,, corner Hotel and Fort Streets.
Walkover Shoe Store, King Street near Tort.
L. Ayau Shoe Co., 1005 Nuuanu Street, near King. '
These Repairmen Re-sole Shoes with Neolin
Regal Shoe Store, corner Hotel and Fort Streets.
Manufacturers' Shoe Co., Ltd., 1051 Fort'Street.
City Shoe Repair Shop, 1127 Fort Street.
Hawaii Shoe Repair Co., corner Hotel and Union Street?.
Kim Chow, 1018 Nuuanu Street.
T. Inoue, 56 North Beretania Street.
M. Hashiguchi, River Street near Hotel
(Tear Out and Preserve These Lists)
MARK ft CO. U. . MT. 0T
Better tJiam
IN II. I ARMY
IS 1,360,000
SAN FRANCISCO. The latest of
ficial figures put the number of en
listed men in the armies of the United
State-?, at 1,360,000, according to in
formation 'mt ta.the California State
(cuacil of Defense by authorities In
Washington.-i This Is ' the force that
has growp viru eight mouths out of au
4 army that on AurU 1 numbered only
Americans have already done get shoes,
with Neolin Soles.
And if you have a pair of shoes in need
of re-soling, have it done with Neolin Soles.
You can get them on men's, women's and
children's shoes n black, white,, or tan
and the genuine always bears the brand
Neolin.
Mark that 'mark stamp it on your
memory neolin
The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
Akron, Ohio
Leather
110,000 men
Most of them are still in the train
ing camps. Many of them are not yet
disciplined troops, fully equipped and
armed for battle.
To lead them there are over 100.000
J officers as many as there were prt-
jvates nine month ago.
j The whole military establishment,
with the marines and the auxiliary
forces thrown in. numbers a million
and a half. The expansion that has
taken place is as if Grand Rapids had
grown in eight months to be virtually
as big as Philadelphia.
THava. 7AA AAA AnHetmAnla In I
h fpH.rai armv .n th ritii wftr. i
But many of this number were reen
listments. The highest total engaged
at any one time was reached in the
last year of the war. On March 31.
1865,. the Union army, comprised 980,
000 men .. - :
Rubber soles tear lodsa
Neolin Soles stick
Rubber soles crack Ncclia
Soles wjll not oracle
Rubber soles are : heavy
Neolin Soles are light.
pi
;-.fi'..
X-
When Great Britain entered tie war
It was with a much smaller .vj. Ths
first expeditionary force numbered
barely a hundred thousand. ;Th r
Kaiser called it a contemptible littla V
army. .'Yet without Its work aOIqni,
Paris migh have fallen. On huo ,
dred thousand men, and the encour V'.
agement they brought to the French, ;
were enough to avert defeat in , tha
first year of the war ... ' .' ;
Marine workers in the port of "Netr
York were warned by their leaders not
; to quit work until the national
com-
i mittee had opportunity to adj
Iters with the Federal "board.
mittee had opportunity to adjust mat-
When Your Eyes flccd Cere
-TryMorinsEvs tlzTr.ztj
St
I

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