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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY Offjck, BAILEY BLOCK, X'aik St. WAILl'kt. MALI, T. 11. suiLsuariiOitf uates OnO year, (in advance) $2.50 1.50 Si months The oulunius of in- NkwK admit conimuuli-a-tlum ku iwriliiuiil loiilcs. Wrilu only on onenlflrol pitin-i-. Sin" your imiun which ill be he:u i--Hillilt:ntial If Uesiieil. G. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop. MRS. C. B. ROBLRTSOti, Bus. Mgr. Saturday, March 14 fti Thopo i tin rain fur-tor which tha W?iwniiu.n runt u. timt. nf thfiir alarming truth that a large percoutago. of our Hawaiian boys and girls, just enteritis: manhood and womanhood, have not been edu cated up to a staudard which has young men and women of alien shmihl ho annlWvl tn da vplon ft yrnwins- interest in the he.-irtS of our Hawaiian boys and givls for a thorough and practical education, and no step should bq left untaken to arouse their ambition t eleyate themselves and their race. appreciate this, and consequently men and women in all walks of life, mass of Hawaiian boys and girls, deserve, otherwise the bulk of them ers of wood aud drawers of water tost of education alone is to decide whether we are to have a race of progressive, intelligent Hawaiians or a lot of ignorant, worthless kanakas. The truest and best stimulus can come only from Haw aiian parents theraseles, and they are the ones who should stand most strongly for the thorough and practical education of their children, and of their children's children. 1 The offer of capital to back the culture of sisal on the Island of Oahu is one of the best answers, which could be given to those who have heretofore claimed that sugar is the only reliable industry on the Islands. While sujrar of course is and probably will continue to be our leading-industry, still it is now morally certain that other industries are bound to take high rank. The time is coming when millions of dollars worth of canned pineapples will be shipped to the coast annually. Guava jelly will be another important product, and if an incorporated company were organized today on Maui, with a practical, clearheaded man as manager, to manufacture and sliip guava jelly to the coast, within a very few years stock in such a company would prove a far better and more profitable invest ment than even sugar stock. The political status of the Negro in the South has reached an interesting stage, and future developments will be watched witu constantly increasing interest. It came home to the negroes of the south, immediately upon being freed from slavery, that education would be the lever which would raise them in the social scale,, aud from the old mammy poring over her well thumbed spelling book in her cabin, to the splendidly equipped institute of Booker Washing ton at Tuskeegee, the work has been steadily carried forward with an almost fanatical zeal. The fruits of this course are now ripening, and the South must soon come to realize (hat it cannot much long er domin-.tte a highly enlightened race, no matter what colored pigment hues its cuticle. ' e "?8 The Island press cannot too strongly impress upon the legis lature the importance of making a creditable display at the St. Louis exposition. Properly advertised the Islands should become a veritable Mecca for mainland tourists, because we have rich treasures of climate and scenery, and the St. Louis Fair affords us & golden opportunity to display panoramic vtews that will be ever new and delightful to the dwellers east of the Adlrondacks. Nor should the utilitarian side be neglected, because there, aio many , who would come to the Islands to engage in some of our newer -industries, if they are properly advertised. A generous appro priation should be made, which if widely used will be of inestimable value to the Islands. . I 5 jS The pretty story told in another column, of the demonstratiop of the success of mandarin orange raising on Maui h!y a ten year old Wailuku girl, carries a$100,000 moral with it. When the people of Maui come to realize the vast and varied possibilities of our Island, and bend their best energies to the development of those possibilities, the; iresult will be abundant and marketable quantities of fruits and vegetables, not only for home use but also as a source of supply to, the markets of Honolulu, Hilo and the other Island communities. , Honolulu and Hilo have not dealt fairly with Maui, nor has ;Maui dealt fairjy with herself, in the matter of attracting tourist travol, Maui being a half-way house between Honolulu ; and Hilo sjbtmld entertaiu every tourist who makes the round trjp of Ihjj Islands, for the reason that tourists invariably express themselves as aeligl ted with a visit to Maui. And more, it would be to the financial interests of both Hilo and Honolulu to encourage tourists to stop off at Maui, while making tho round trip. . o Agricultural Press Bulletin. No. 8, which appears on tho sec pp4 page of this issue, throws much light on what is being accom phshed in the line of ridding Maui and is also opening the door to successful small farming on Maui. It is going to take a hard fight to rehabilitate Bmall farming in the Kuia and Makawao districts, but it will eventually be done, and that region will surely onca inore become a storehouse as of yore, for the .upply of Jruits, grain and vegetables. QJ Among the holidays-proposed none would -be of more practical value to, Maui than an Arbor Diy properly observed. Subsidiary to this, those most interested in the matter should organize a Maui Arboreal Society and set to work systematically to --eh courage , the planting xuitonly of all.tto diffeyeivt varieties of fruit trees, but also shade and fuel limber trees all over Maui. MAUI BLUE BOOK Hon. J. W. Kalua, Clroult ludge, WalUmu L. R. Crook, Clerk Circuit Court. Wailuku Judge .. McKay Oist. Mug Intro to. WulluUu " Chits. Copp, " " Mnkawuo " Knhnulelto " ' " Lahulna " Kitloiliau, " Honumim " J. K. Hanuna, " ' Huna " Piiuianu. " " Ivlpuhuhi " Muhoe " ' Molokiii ' Kaboohalahala, " ' L"i.E L. M.Baldwin, Sheriff, Wailuku W. E. Suiter, DjputyBheriB Wailuku Ktlsar Morton. " " . Makawuo C. K. Utidaoy, " ' Liitmlua r . Witt rock, " - Q. TriUjblB. " ' Molokal it U Cummlnun Cnntain Police. Wiil'uku H lwlcra " 41 Makawao Win. Kounu, " " Laliaimi v. " " liana J.'K. Walumau, " ' Kalaupara W. T. Robinson, Tm Assessor, wiwlluku J. N. K. Keola, Deputy Assessor- Wailuku VV O A limn " " Pain O. Putin, " " Lttlinlna M. H. Keuter. " Hana will SO dominate the future of fiduo.ntion. On Maul, it 13 aD fitted them to compete with the races. Every possible stimulus The better class of Hawaiians stand side by side with our best lut more must be done for the to fi; them for. the future they will degenerate into mere hew for their educated brothers. The of its insect and blight i pest; PRESS BULLETIN No 3 Preliminary Experiments With The "Quick Blight" Of The Potato Irish potatoe growing was once an important agricultural industry in Hawaii. During one year, 71,000 bar rels were shipped from the country; but for various reasons the industry became of minor importitnco and of late years the local dt niand has been largely supplied by importants. The latest source of riiscourgement to the grower is a disease which often wipis ut whole fields of potatoes iu n short tune. Nearly every island of the group has its infected districts Kula, Kohalii, Kona, Wnimra and sections on Onhu. ' This diseaso of the potato hits been confounded with tho potato rot,, but they are entirely different both in the cause and in their effect upon the plant. Until a beter name is given we shall call it The "Quick Blight" of the potato. While the same dis ease apparently exists in some ot the Northen states it has beeu little studied. Reports ipon the disease from the division of Pathology, Wash ington, D. C, - indicate that it i caused by a Fusarium fungus, the ex act history ot which is not fully known. This fungus lives in the soil anil as soon as the potatoes are planted it attacks tho roots. These become so filled with the growiag fungus that they cannot perform their proper function, and the plant really dies from starvation and lack of water. . The casual observer might not de tect the disease until long alter the destruction has begun, as there is lit tle to indicate is presence. The vines usually make a good thrifty growth and seem to be healthy until shortly after blossoming, when, without warming, the leaves and stem wither, turn black and die to the ground as though bitten by frost. Since the disease has its seat in the roots in the early growth of the plant, eradication becomes most difficult. Many fungus diseases are located wholly on the leaves and stems of the plant, and in such cases, the problem of control or ei adication is not so difficult; but with the Quick Blight the measure must be preventative rather, than curative. ' In March J)02, experiments were begun at Kula; Maui, to study the disease with the hope of finding a remedy. The land chosen was under the control of Mrs, Randal Von Tempsky, and was situated at at ele vation of between ,3,500 and 4,000 feet. Three plots were luid out for the experiment. Plot 1 was in a gulch partly protected from the wind; the soil was rich and the pre vious year a crop of beans had been .::,U;;;por Reliable Dentistry at low prices, when JfiAi'JSKX UJCNTISTS do your wprk, , ' t ' ... They ore graduates and POST graduates of very many years' exped ience. Their material is' the very BEST that any Dentist' can ute. " : J Gold Crown 1 . -. . -" White Crown LJi idge Work . Silver Fillings 50 cts. no more. Painless Gold Fillings, $1.00 and up . F-xtraetions . . , Full set teeth, $5.00 Per Tooth All their work FULLY GUARANTEED. No charge for examinations. Lady assistant. .... All instrunents thofr-pughly sterilized before being used each time. TftE EXPERT-DENTISTS. . 215 Hotel Street Opp. Union, The LARGEST Deutist Offices in Honolulu. LEADING WINE AND LIQUOR DEALERS We ore Manilla Anchor Beer' "Rainier'f Bottled Beer C. Carpy & Co's, Undo, Sam! Wine"" Old Private Stock, O. P. S; Bourbon ''' Whiskey Keystone Gin LbVEJOY&CO., t LIMITED CORNER MARKET AND MAIN STREETS, rAluUKU, . .:- planteithere.) Plots 2 and .3 were on it ridge unprotected from the wind; t'.,e soil Was of fnir quality and had been planted to corn and pota toes for a number of seasons. Plots 2 and 3 were adjacent. In Plots 1 and 3 the soil was dug to the depth of frorr 5 to 7 inches (the usual depth for this district); that in Plot 2 was was dug to the depth of 12 inches bringing to the surface some of the yellow sub-soil. The plan of the experiment was' to test comparatively the resisting pow er to the disease ot 45 imported vari eties of potatoes. These were to be planted under varied conditions on good soil partly protected from the wind, on average soil dug to the depth of 12 inches, and on. average soil dug to the depth in common practice in that locality. ' The 45 varieties of po tatoes used in tho experiment were: Northern Beauty, Gem of Aroostook, Early Harvest, Early Northern, New Queen, The Minister,' Carman No. 1, Green Mountain, Beauty of Hebron, Pearl of Savoy, Black,Christy, White Elephant, "Dakota Red, Earlv Rose, Early Fortune, Early Six Weeks, I: X. L., Pride of the South, The June, Acme, Bavee, Breck's Chance, Bur pee's Extra Early, Cambridge Rus set, Early Ohio, Early Michigan, Fillbusket, Honeoye Rose, Ham inond'tt Womlerfut Irish' Cobbler, Long Keeper, Carman No. 3, Mill's Banner, Mill's Prize, Maul's Thor oughbred, Manun's Enormous. Nott's Peach, Prolific Rose, Rural New Yorker No. 2, Sir Walter Raleigh, Stephens, Steuben, Twentieth Cen tury, Uncle Sam, and Wonderful Clay Rose. In Plot 1 the seed was planted id hills 30 inches apart each way. The first three hills were planted with the whole seed; the next four with the seed cut in two, and the last nine with seed cut in three pieces. Each of the 45 varieties was treated in this way. In Plot 2 the seed was plauted whole and cut in two. Plot 3 was planted with seed cut in pieces of convenient size (the ordinary method of planting); the hills were four feet apart each way in order that corn or others crops might be planted be tween the rows. The potatoesapparently grew well until the early part of June when the Quick Blight made its appearance in the leaves and stems. The crop was harvested June 27. Results of thb Expikiment. The varieties that best withstood the Quick Blight were The June, Honeoye Rose, Maul's Thoroughbred and Uncle Sam, and of these The June remained green after the others had succumbed. mijaring .riots 6 ana a it was found that the vines in Plot 2 (dug to the depth of 12 inches) were much hardier than those In plot 3, (dug to UP-TO-DATE "Th Expert Dentists" The No-Pain Specialists CR CWN &, LBIEGE WOBK A SPECIALTY ' UP-TO-DATE visiting Honolulu, have the SKILLED Agents for Old Jos. E. Pepper Whiskey Old Jasper Wbhskey Henrys Clay Rye v ' '"' Creti'm Pure Rye'Whiskey Celebrated Hariikoma Sake The Famous Bartlett Water' . -r.: , MAUL the depth of 5 inches). The reason for this, it is believed, is that the fungus is most abundant In the sur face soil and tht when Plot 2 was dug to the 'depth of 12 inches the dis ease germs were turned unuer so that the fungus was partly killed out of the soil as it came in contact with the sub-soil where it found .little nour ishment. No conclusions could be druwn as to the vulue of planting seed whole, cut in two or cut In three pieces. It is generally admitted that it is more economical to grow potatoes from seed cut in pieces just large enough to furnish nourishment for the plant until it gets a good hold on the soil. Season, soil, climate ond water all have a bearing on this ques tion. While by continued experiment it might he possible to find a variety of potato that would be immune to the Quick Blight, it would require much (Continued on Page 4.) ; HAIKU SUGAR COS STORE Boots, Shoes Kerosene Oil - Gasoline Gold Watches Silver Watches Groceries Dry Gocds Clothlne Dry floods Un part as follows: Everett Classico Everett Ginghams Mercerised Silk Zephyr Mac rame Lace Windsor Surelle Leno Applique Brocade Chambrag Reina Stripgs Lenore Stripes Scotch Zephyr Stella Batiste ... Embroidered Swis& Dots Dotted Swiss Nainsook Black Dimity, Berlin Lawn Seersucker Methuen Ginghams F. Mossman Manager. R. R. CO. IVFORTERJS And Detiera n JumberJ" COAL BUILDING MATERIAL AGENTS Wilder S. S. Co. Terminals at Wailuku, Spreckel8ville and Paia. ... CENTRAL OFFICB KABULUI IAO HOTEL MON CHEONG, Prop. First Class Restaurant: Meals at All Houbs Fresh Bread, Pies and Cakes. Cigars, Cigarettes & Tobacco Canned fruits of all kinds, jellies and joms for sale. High St., Wailuku. J.F.CUNNINGHAM&CO. Wholesale Grocers 34 & 36 Steuart St. S. F., Cal Dealers in all Kinds of Pro visions and Fancy Groceries C. T. GREEN, Agent. THE ROTHENBERGCO. 117 Battery St.' San Fransisco, Cal. WHOLESALE DEALERS IN LIQUORS. Old Judge Whiskey .McBrazer S. IS. Gladstone Rye. C. T. GREEN, Agent New Kaiiultji Saloon Your Brand 0f Ice Cold Beer Always On Tap' Chokse Wine for Bar and Table Use. Cold Drinks,and All Varieties of ,r- Aeraiea and Mineral Waters A. K. STENDER Peophietor Kahului Maui Saloon T.B.LYONS, Prop. Ice Cold Beer ALWAYS ON HAND First Class Wines & Liqaors Prlmo and Seattle Beer Marktt St., (Adjoining old Meat Market).. -, ,. WAILUKU MAUI." lane & Co. The Aloha OrposiTu Wa TT.TTir TImivk Mr" W Wholesale & Ketail Liquor Dealers. AGENTS FOR Sohlitr Beer that madb Milwaukee famous, Anheuser Bunch & John Wieland New flrew. O: P. 8. Bourbon, Rye A Sour-mush. Old Govt, Old Pepper 4 Cape Horn Whlakey. 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