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THE MAUI NEWS
SATURDAY, JANUARY 10, 1909
THE MAUI NEWS
ntered at the l'ost OlTice nt Waihikn, Maui, Hawaii, as secoml-clnss imittrr.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Saturday.
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tlMKh VI. CoUe,
I Id I to r nnd manager
JANUARY lfi, 1909
The Sicilian The scistnio catastrophe in Sicily by .vnich two
Catastrophe, great populous cities besides smaller cities and
towns were laid in dust, destroying tho lives of :00,000 human
heincs serves to remind us nil who hvo in volcanic countries of
the Uneasy rind of the world's crust underneath us.
While no disaster accompanied by so appalling a loss of human
life has occurod within the history of these islands, yet in the age
of myths Hawaiian traditions speaks in poetic language of a
cataclysm which sunk under the waters a vast, barren continent
leaving these islands as the most elevated portions of the mythical
continent nrotrud'msr above the new made ocean. Tne change was
laid to Tele the volcano goddess, who grieving over an unfaithful
lover, determined to leave the ancestral homo located somewhere
in the misty regions to tho South, and Kahinalii, Pole's mother,
poured an ocean of waters from her head which tilled tho barren
lauds to provide a way for Polo to sail her canoes to Hawaii, and
Pole with her sisters and brothers came and established them
selves and have remained in Hawaii ever since. With such poetic
tigures did the ancients seek to preserve the memory of some
mighty change in nature which had taken place in the dim past.
- Since this mythical cataclysm several severe volcanic distur
bancos have occurred within the period of authentic history. One
happened in the year 1"!)0 when a division of tho army of Keoua,
Kamehaaicha's rival for the kingship of Hawaii, was destroyed
while in the neighborhood of the crater of Kilauea.
In April, 1868, a volcauic outbreak occurred in which the esti
mated loss of life reached three hundred. The greatest disaster
happened in the Kau district of Hawaii, where the village of Kapa-
pala v ;s overwhelmed by a mud llow which swept cown the moun
tainside with the speed of a mountain torrent, rendering all at
tempts of the people to escape from the doomed village unavailing
and buried men. women and children thirty feet under an aval
ancho of hot mud. A tidal wave of over thirty feet in height swept
the coast of Kau, overwhelming the little village of Keauhou, and
destroying it so completely that an eye witness who reached the
scene shortly after described the place as having been so com
pletely wiped ont as to leave no vestige of its ever having been a
a habitation for human beings!
In IJilo the tidal wave rose twelve feet above the high water
mark, and caused much damage.
Here in Wailuku the walls of the old missionary church which
stood on the site occupied by the present church were so badly
shattered that the structure had to be torn down.
The fact that our people live in frame houses has prevented
much loss of life, which would have been unavoidable had the
people lived in stone houses, as did tho people of tile fated Sicilian
cities where half of the entire city's population perished under
. The mention of Sicily awaken memories of the glories of ancient
Syracuse, where the tyranny of Dionysius pat to its sup;eme test
the ties of friendship which made the names of Damon and Pythias
immortal and in Syracuse once lived Archimedes, the philosopher
and scientist, whose discoveries of t he workings of elemental prin
ciplcs was a great gain to tho progress of all mankind for over two
thousand years past and for the future as long as civilization shall
last, even though seismic convulsions may sink the island of Sicily
under the blue waters of tho Mediterranean Sea.
education and Superintendent IJabbit's utterances
Agricultural Training, and comments published in the Hon
olulu papers show that he lias plans on foot for making drastic
changes iu our public school system.
Over a year ago he came out with a proposition to centralize
schools by having children within a given radius gathered in one
central institution of learning. This meant an appropriation for
hiring vehicles for transportating to and from schools and is
presumed to be waiting for a favorable legislative vote.
This plan would give the country districts better schools, some
thing badly needed if our children are to get public school educa
tion instead of just plain public schooli ng only. Hut before it is
given a trial the School Superintendent gets a change of heart and
ho proposes giving the tax payers "child labor" for the plantation
instead of good education and culture, which the average mortal
erroneously believes to be the excuse for having schools.
In the Eastern states publicists and educators and philanthro-
pists are at work trying to break down the evil known as "child
labor" and are asking for laws to protect the young from its bane
ful effects, but here in Hawaii we have the spectacle of the head of
our public instruction department hailing "child labor'' with open
arms, as the panacea of our educational troubles, which would ban
. ish idleness from our streets, and bring happiness and content
ment to our people What fools those eastern people must be!
Back in the seventies something in the line of manual training
was essayed, and our hired 'nan had it tried on him, ahd he tells
the story of his boyish adventure as follows:
The Makawao school which he attended was happily located near
the cane fields, and his teacher, a game-legged master of arts but
not of boys took the school out presumably to givo the bovs a
course in agricultural training. Tho cane was sweet and all boys
have sweet teeth, and stripping cane leaves was lightsome work, if
labor it be called, but in a few days tho novelty wore oil and the
natural cussedness. of young mankind asserted itself.
Next day when the boys were taken out again to the training
fields, the fast workers worked faster and tho slow ones worked
slower, until the promising band of caneticld hands got scattered
and wjien tho master went pegging along to give instructions to
one crowd the other scuttled for cover and soon all hands followed
suit and left him to rage alone. He suspected where the boys'
wero and went pegging hither with hi walking stick, but pliyinc
tag wns nothing now, and t ne boys had read up General McLollan's
civil war tactics and promptly changod base as often as minded
until the schoolmaster went, home disgusted and withal a wiser
man. That was the end of agricultural training in that school.
Another time L. A. Thurston, then a twelve year old boy, re
belled at hoeing a patch of corn and pumpkins near the school.
The Authorities made'a great display to force the youngster to
submit, but they failed ignoniniously while the school wrought to
the highest pitch of boyish excitement looked on the clash wiih
hearts in the mouth and sympathy for tho rebellious boy.
Our Honolulu editors ought to be willing to practice what they
preach on their own children. It would dignify their contention
some if nil the Honolulu public school boys led by Algernon Smith
or Clarence Partington each carrying a boo would march behind
Bercrer's band to the rail tvav station and take the Ewa train at
noon sharp to do a little agricultural training work at hoeing nnd
irrigating cane afternoons in the Ewa plantation, returpinsr tired
and happy with trained hands at dewy eve. These learned edit rs
have overlooking another and very important factor in the ques
tion, our better halves may not consent, and thnv count some.
There if also a wicked suspicion that the new proposition is a carefully
veiled movement to the end that women he excluded ' from the public
school teaching corps. For what lady would willingly take her class of
Imys and girls out among the immodest average field hands to give them
i pitiful little agricultural training?
Are styles in teachers' hats nnd dresses and lingerie to lie changed to
fit the new conditions imposed on lady teachers if School Superintend
ent llahbitt's proposition are to I hi carried out?
lift the department give us better schools instead of more new fads on
training and education.
Encourage teachers by giving good salaries for good work, instead of
forever putting lleas in teachers' ears to chill the natural ambition of
those who would push bright children along in their studies, instead of
keeping them marking time practically learning nothing just for the sak
of keeping them with the duller ones, thereby forcing many parents to
send their children to private schools to tho detriment of our public
. Married Women Teachers.
An Auto drove up to our office
the other day and the cluiffeur
handed to us the following reply to
our inspired article about married
women teachers. The writer of the
article sat behind and after giving
us one of those bewitching smiles
as if to t-ay: this will fix that
married woman teacher, gently
nodded to the chnffeur to drive off,
nnd her reply is given in full be
low. Mr. Editor:
In your issue of Dec,
26,1908,1 read the boastful re
marks of a certain married woman
teacher relating to the proposed
cutting otT of married women from
the teaching forces of the schools
1 don t know who that lady is
for I was unfortunate enough not
to have been present when she
pulled die ears of your printer's
devil, whoever lie may be, or what
ever th'it name implies in a staff
of a weekly paper of your import
ance and standing in this commu
nity. . '
That married woman may have
done all she claims to have done
for the public schools, but I fail to
see why she suggested or even
think, much less dream, of dismis
sing the young unmarried women
employed by the Board of Educa
tion. The single women have done
wonders in the schools of Hawaii.
I am one of them, but pardon me,
I have not done wonders yet, und
the only wonder I. can think of for
the present, at least, is that I am
still on the teaching forces of Ha
waii earning a salary more than
most single men would earn.
I propose to remain as a teacher
for th children of other married
women who do not hove the time,
nor tho inclination, nor the educa
tion, to bring up their own child
ren properly and to tit them to be
useful members of society and po
litical organizations when they
leave my hands, when I am ousted
cut of this situation, I will seek
other positions, for I do not pro
pose to take care of any husband
and be a "husband" to him. I
have chosen this profession to ob
tain a livelihood and to be inde
pendent and not to depend on a
husband's salary to feed and clothe
myself. I love children, that is,
others' children. I love to do good
to others, and I can not accomp
lish it if I am bound to have du
ties. The majority of unmarried
women in the schools feel as I do,
I believe, for if they don't, they
won't be teaching.
A New York professor lately ad-
I believe the married women will
be sent home to mind their own
homes and babies, if any, while we
unmarried women will he recom
mended to adorn the shool rootup,
there to teach, elevate, ennoble,
enlighten, and . above all educate
the young boys and girls entrusted
hy thei- lovimi parents to cur
faithful care. We are free moral
agents we have no husbands' meals
and stockings to worry about.
All our devotion in life is center
ed on bringing up in right thinking
nnd doing the youth of onr land
by instillini! in their youthful
minds the three "II" which are all
any ambitious liny or girl ought to
learn nnd know. Any child tha
learns more than that should goto
that New York professor who looks
upon woman over thirty as the
greatest osbstae.le to educational
May the unmarried women f
Hawaii never come neross his sha
dow, for any high heel thnt touch
es it must need n new one. My
highest ambition in life, my great
est work, is to cherish and love the
children in the school rooms, nnd
will never waste my attentions and
precious moments over any object
outside of those, to me, most sael'ed
precincts, outside f its hallowed
portals lurk privily grief and sor
row, so no "Home Sweet Home"
for mine beyond the school gates.
on our Population.
Governor Frear estimates the popula
tion of the Territory nt 170,000 classed,
namely: Japanese 72,000, Chinese iS.ooo,
Koreans 5.000 Portuguese 23,000, Span
ish 2,000, Porto Ricans 2,000, Hawaiian
35,000. F,uropean9 12,000, others t.ooo.
Of the school population of 23.445 in
June, 1908, the Japanese numler 5,513,
Hawaiian 8,123, Chinese 2,596, Portu
guese 4,537, and the remainder consisting
of the Europeans and others sent 2,676
children to the schools.
For some time there has been a grow
ing feeling even among the planters thnt
for the purpose of obtaining n jiermauent
and certain supply of lalxir, as well ns
for the ptrpose of building up an Ameri
can civilization in' these islands, every
effort possible should be mnde to encour
age the migration of people who will be
or become American citizens. Since 1899
the number of non-Asiatic laborers on
the sugar plantations has increased from
12 to iS per cent of the total, the increase
in Asiatics having been 17 per cent while
that in non-Asiatics has been 87 per cent,
the aggregate number on February 29,
1908, being 45,279, of whom 36,987 were
Asiatics and 8,292 non Asiatics.
rossed before n critical audience
that Fingle women were useless a
teachers after they are thirty!
I don't ngrep with the professor,
for that is the very time when we
unmarried women attain the high
est development of mental activit
ies as shown by our enhanced
salaries. Women in the East miiv
differ from our island women which
accounts for the professor's remarks
toward women engaged in the pro
fession which he wis bound to
honor and to respect, especially
the members represented by he
gentler sex which his fine sensibi
lities should have refrained him
from ever uttering those "most un
If there's tiny force in his re
marks, that's more applicable" to
married women than to the host of
unmarried, women teachers, for
even if there bp any unmarried
women teacher who has passed that
age. she nnvariably feels much
younger than her sister in the bonds
of wedlock of the same age. All
unmarried women teachers will a
gree with mo in this.
If such be the universal opinion
of the unmarried women teachers
and their admirers, what justifica
tion is there for the remark made
by the . married women to your
printer's devil that "young girls,
who ought to bo in their mothers'
arms or somebody else's arms, be
removed rather thun the noble and
dignified married women," herself
presumably representing the flow
er of her class?
I am a stickler after right, and
fashion sometimes, but if the mat
ter is left to the righteous vote on
single men, and not the legislators,
Treasury Warrant No. 786 for 1 10.00 in
favor of J. Kaalounhi charged to "Ex
penses of Election, etc," has been lost.
A front autombile curtain with large
celluloid window. Return to' Mr. Ceo,
S. Aiken, Kahului and receive reward.
I will sell, on behalf of the Territory of
Hawaii, at Public Auction, in front of the
Wailuku Court House, at 12 o'clock noon
on Saturday, January 30, 1909, 1 JONES
FIRE-PROOF SAFE, size 38x28x24 in.
Same can lc seen in the office of the
District Magistrate, any lime during office
D. II. DAVIS,
Jan. 16, 23. " Auctioneer
DR. J. J. CAREY
Olliee over First National Hank
Wnihikn, Maul, T. II.
One Speeds a Tonic
in this climate; and the best tonic for one
to take, and the pleasantest, is a glass of
. IMlIMO REEK with lunch or dinner.
PRIMO BEER for HEALTH
We have Kodaks and Rrownie Cameias
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Honolulu Photo Supply Co.
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