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THE MAUI NEWS-
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1909
THE MAUI NEWS
utered at the Tost Office at Wailuku,
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Saturday.
Maul Publishing: Company. Limited.
I'roprlelors one Puullahers
Suiwirnox Uatks, is Advance $2.50 per Year, $1.50 Six Months
Mutt VI. Coke,
TIlO Disbursing The npiointinent of Mr. W. F. Pogue us tlislmrs
OYYlCor. ing ullieer fur tlie ('utility of Maui for tin cntcr-
tainiiifiit of the Congressional party was u necessary stepainl will tloulit
less prove satisfactory.
Such a course was made necessary hy the linggishness of tlie Honolulu
contingent which made ample provision for the entertainment of the
Congressional parly while on Oalm ami allotted to Maui hut two and one
half per cent of the appropriation while Maui pays seventeen per cent of
the total taxes of the Territory as was admitted hy the roMrt of the
('hanihcr of Commerce's committer in their re'tort to that hody on
Any hill that is incurred on this island that is not accompanied hy a
written order attached to the I. ill hy an authorized agent of the ilUliiirs
ing olliccr will not hr paid.
Maui people are always ready to entertain our guests and would do so
willingly even if no part of the appropriation were used for the enter
tainment of the visitors while on this island hut we do ohject to the con
tinned unfairness of many of the Honolulu ollicials.
(Continued Irom Page i )
unless they are judiciously handled.
The importance of the main
tenance of soil fertility lias for many
years heen recognized. Leilieg, 50
yeavs ago devoted the major part of
his life to the solving of many prob
lems involved in it, and since that
time many men as Warington, Sir
John Lawesand others have wrestled
with the prohlems. During the
last few years however, in the
United States efforts have heen
made with renewed vigor to estah
lish fundamental principles and
practices for national agriculture.
In the third place, it not infre
quently hapiH'iis that the plant can
subsist on amounts of plant food
that the chemist cannot determine
or detect. Evidences from the many
analyses of plants that have heen
made indicate that the plant often
contains more of some one or an
other element than can he found in
the soil either hefore or after tin'
development of the plant. It is for
these reasons therefore that other
factors must he sought for the crop
producing power of the soils than
the chemical analysis. The follow
ing tahle gives an indication of the
amounts of plant foods found in or
dinary soils and also the amounts of
these name materials taken up by
crops of the yield specified. In con
sidering the food of plants it should
be reiiieiiihcred that of the ten dif
ferent chemical elements ordinarily
found in agricultural plants, requir
ed for their grow th ami development
three come directly from the air and
water; (carhon, hydrogen and oxy
gen) These three elements and their
various compounds comprise ahout
95f,i of plant suhstance. The live
elements, sulphur, iron, calcium, Si
and magnesium are required Im
plants in such very minute quanti
ties and arc found in most agricul
tural soils in such large quantities
that they are neglected in our en
deavors to maintain the fertility of
the soil other three elements, JHitasli,
phosphoric acid and uigrogen, not
Kent-rally the elements hy wi.ich Un
productive capacity of soils under
suitahle conditions of temperature
and moisture are measured. These
elements arc rendered of the more
imix'itaiicc I c canst- they are gen
erally required hy plants in consi
derable quantities. In the second
place available forms for the use of
plants that are soluble anil hence,
through the agency of percolation
evaporation and irrigation they have
a tendency to i-sca- from the root
areas of the plants. In the third
place with the exception of nitrogt n
they are oftentimes not available
forms. For these reasons it is either
necessary in most agricultural prac
tices to supply these three elements
Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
Kdltor and Manager
SEPTEMBER 11, 1909
in available form through the addi
tion of chemical fertilizers or to ren
tier them available through the
agency of tillage anil culture met
hods. The type and physical condition
of the soil is of very great inijior
tance in respect to the crop pro
ducing power. It is upon the basis
of this consideration that we recog
nize that there are phases of sandy,
clayeg and loamy soils. There are
many minor phases of these types
of soils, hut in every instance they
have peculiar properties of their own
irrespective of their physical con
dition. Some are loose anil porous
and have no capacity to retain mois
ture, those that are of low crop pro
ducing jKiwcr la-cause their moisture
content is subject to wide variations.
On the other hand some soils may
be extremely fine and have a ten
dency to become compact and hard
under varying moisture and tem
perature conditions. For these reas
ons optimum moisture and tempera
ture conditions retained. Then again
some soils are friable and mellow
anil easily worked. These soils gen
erally hold moisture well and main
tain a more set degree of tempera
ture. All of these different types of
soils with their widely vaying physi
cal conditions may be of the same
chemical composition and yet In
very different in their crop proline
ing capacity. The maintenance of
the projM'r physical conditions and j
thereby, a suitable corellation of
moisture and temperature, for the
development of lands is one of the
greatest concerns of the agricultur
ists. Proper tillage and culture
methods will go along way towards
maintaining the soil in a high slate
It is only recently that conditions
have been recognized as playing a
very iinjKirtant part in the main
tenance of soil fertility. It is true
that it has long been recognized that
the soil retains bacteria of certain
forms, but the part that these bac
teria play in ameliorating the chemi
cal eoniiMisition of soils, their tex
ture and physical conditions, and
consequently their inoislun holding
capacity has been recognized not so
much. It is probably uhhi this
phase of the question that most of
tin- ret-i nt investigations have Imm-ii
more definitely established than
ever In-fore. Perhaps nothing prac
tically new has been discovered, but
new light has been shed upon soini
of the old practices of soil manage
ment. For instance, it was early con
ceived and for a longtime believed
that the ability of a soil to produce
crops dejK'llded largely upon its
chemical composition. The soil was
rceognizt d as a mineral origin and
it contained a certain amount of
chemical compounds that were
either suited to or deleterious to the
growth of the plants. The problem
of continuous crop production was
one of maintaining the abundance
of these chemical coliqioundsas food
materials. While this conception
is wry valuable in helping us to un
Merstand some of t he DrinciDles tin
derlying crop production yet there
are other factors quite as important
as this, if not more so. In this
connection it must he recognized
that the crop producing power of
any soil depends on one or more of
the following; 1st chemical composi
tion; 2nd type and physical condi
tion of the soil; 3rd moisture hold
ing capacity ; 4th bio-chemical con
ditions. It may he well said that the
chemical constituents of the soil
form a fundamental basis on which
to work its quality, but a mere
chemical analysis of the soil is not
sulllcient for several reasons. In
the first place, methods hy which
tin; chemist determines the amount
of plant foods in the soil are not
those adopted by the plant. It not
infrequently hapjicns that a soil
may contain a sullicient amount of
food substances for the plant, but
these substances may lie in a form
unavailable for the use of the plant.
For instance felspatic may contain
as much as 14"u of potash practical
ly all of which is unavailable. Soils
may contain their phosphoric acid
in the form of lime or iron phos
phate in which forms it is more or
less unavailable. Then again, much
oT pealy soils may contain large
amounts of nitrogen in forms un
available for the use of the plant.
Many attempts have been made by
chemists to adapt some method cor
related as nearly as possible with
the methods by which the plant de
termines the food supply in the soil,
but up to the present time no
methods have proven entirely satis
factory In the second place, the
chemical conqiosition of the soil in
measure of the elements of plant
food t hat may become available dur
ing the period sf growth. During
the season of plant's development
heat and moisture arc playing their
parts in rendering the unavailable
phosphates, jxitasli and nitrogen in
to available forms.
RbPOUT OP THE CONDITION OF
the Bfilclwiii National Bank of Km
hulut, at Kihulul in the Ter. of
Hawaii, at the close of buttineati.
September I. IUO.
I. o. ins mid Discounts 102,43949
Overdrafts, si-cured and unse
cured 2,964 83
U. S. Bonds to secure circula
tion 13,000 00
Premiums on U. S. Bonds 560 28
Bunds, securities, etc 29,297 61
Banking house, furniture, anil
fixtures 3.453 26
Due fr:m National Banks vnot
reserve agents) 1. 747 36
Due from State ami Private
Banks and Bankers, Trust
Companies, and Savings
. Banks 31,961 81
Checks anil other cash items.. 91821
Notes of other National Banks 260 00
Fractional paper currency,
nickels, and cents 54 60
Specie 48,799 00
Legal-tender notes 48,799 00
Redemption fund with I'. S.
treasurer ( 5'u circulation ).. 650 00
Total 236,106 45
Capital stock paid in... 50,000 00
Surplus fund 3.412 60
Undivided profits, less expenses
and taxes paid 38 46
National Bank mu-s outstand
Dividends unpaid 300
Individual dt sits subject to
'llt,'k '07,075 35
.Saving Deposits 52,672 64
Demand certificates of deposit 1,805 00
Time certificates of deposit 8,011940
lotal 236,106 45
Ter. f Hawaii, County of Maui, ss:
I, D. C. Lindsay, Cashier of the above-
named bank, do solemnlv swear that the
aln.vi- statement is true to the best of uiy
knowledge and belief.
D. C. LINDSAY,
II. P. BALDWIN j
J. N. S. WILLIAMS t jwtors.
S. E. TAYLOR )
Subscribed and sworn to U-fore me
this 9th day of September, I909.
F. P. ROSERANS,
Notice is hereby given that Mr. W. F.
Pogue will act ft r me during my ubseiue
from the Territory, under full power of
Wailuku, September 2, 1909.
ROBERT II. DINEGAR M. D.
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THK
SECOND CIRCUIT, TERRITORY OF
At Chambers In Probate.
In the Matter of the Estate of KAIMI-
OLA NAKOOKOO GRAY, of Kalaupa-
pa, Molokai, Territory of Hawaii, deceas
ed. Order of Notice of Hearing Petition for
On Reading and Filing the Petition of
James A. Thompson, as Guardian of the
persons and estate of Surah Nakookoo
and Amy Helene Nakookoo otherwise
known as of Amy Helene Thompson
minors, alleging that Kaimiola Nakookoo
Gray, of Kalaupapa, Molokai, died in
testate at Kalaupapa, Molokai, on the
loth d.iy of July, A. D. 1909, leaving pro
jierty iu the Hawaiian Islands necessary
to he administered upon, and praying
that Letters of Administration issue to
the Petitioner, said James A. Thompson,
of Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii.
It is ordered that Wednesday, tile 29th
dayof September, A. I). 1909, atloo'clock
A. M., be and hereby is aptxrinted for
hearing said Petition in the Court Room
of this Court at Wailuku, Maui, at which
time and place all persons concerned may
appear and show cause, if any they have.
why said Petition should not be granted
and that notice ol this order be published
in the English language for three succes
sive weeks in the "Maui News," a weekly
newspaper printed and published in Wai
luku, Maui, the last publication to be not
less ttian ten (lavs previous to the time
therein appointed for hearing.
Dated at Wailuku, Maui, August 24th,
(Signed.) S. B. KINGSBURY,
Judge of the Circuit Court of the 2nd
Attest: R0Mi1.Ni II. Hart,
Clerk of the Circuit Court of the 2nd
Aug. 28, Sept. 4, 1 1, 18.
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
SECONDCIRCUIT, TERRITORY OF
Notice of Draw ink or Grand and
Notice is hereby given that the draw
ing of Grand and Trial Jurors to serve
and act as such during the October, 1909
Term of the Circuit Court of the Second
Judicial Circuit, Territory of Hawaii, will
take place in the Court Room of the said
Court, at Wailuku, Island and County of
Maui, Territory of Hawaii, on Tuesday,
the 14th day of September A. 1). 1909, at
10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day.
S. H. KINGSBURY,
Judge of the Circuit Court of the Second
Circuit, T. II.
Dated at Wailuku, Maui, September 1,
Sept. 4, 11.
The undersigned having been appoint
ed "Disbursing Officer" for the Island ol
Maui for the entertainment of the Con
gressional visitors, has apHinted the
following sub-officers iu the various Dis
E. A. Peck.
J. N. S. Williams.
C. I). Lufkin.
Claims for the entertainment of the
Congressional visitors must be accom
panied with the written order for same,
signed by one of the above named agents,
otherwise the claim will not be euter
taiued. (Signed) Wm. F. POGUE,
Disbursing Officer, Island of Maui.
Wanted: Young Cockerels in quan
LODGE MAUI, No. 084 A. V. ft A. M.
Slated inecilnt's will be held at
Mas-mil- Hail, Kaliului, on the first
Saturday cicl't of each month at 7.30
Visiting brethren are c rJiull.V in
vited to at tend.
0. K. COl'ELAND K. W. M.
. f. Secretary.
ALOHA LODGE NO. 3 KNIGHT:
Regular meetings will be held at the
Knights of Pythias Hall, Wailuku, on the
second and fourth Saturdays of each
All visiting mcuilers are cordially iu
vited to attend.
WM. AULT, C. C.
JOHN J. WALSH, K. OFR. & S.
THE FIRST NATIONAL
Clias. M. Cooke, President
D. H. Case, 2nd Yice-President
C. D. Lufkin, Cashier
at the close of business, June 30, 1909
Loans and Discounts 140,04s. SI
United States Bonds 25,000.00
Premium on U. S. Bonds 400.00
Cash and Due from Banks 72,049.78
Banking House, curniture.etc 6,450.00
5i Redemption Fund..
&. O. E.
C. D. LUFKIN. Cashier.
TERRITORY OF HAWAII. )
COIINTV OK MAC!,
I, C. D. Lufkin, Cashier of the above
alove statement is true to the best of my
Subscribed nnd sworn to before me
The Lahaiua National Bank
Chas. M. Cooke, President Wm. Helming, Vice-President
W. L. Decoto, 2nd Vice-President A. N. Ilayselden, Director
C. D. Lulkin, Cashier V. C. Schoeiiberg, Asst. Cashier
A. Aalberg, Auditor
SEMI -A IN IN UAL. STATEMENT
at close of nusiness, June 30, 1909.
Loans and Discounts $41,924.77
Cash and Due from Banks 29,745.46
United States Bonds 6,250.00
Premium on U. S. Bonds 200.00 i
Furniture and Fixtures 1,450.00'
5j Redemption Fund 312.001
$95.94 1 -7
TERRITORY OF HAWAII, 1 ,.
COCXTV OH MACI,
I, C. D. Lufkin, Cashier of the above named bank, do solemnly swear that the
above statement is true to the best of mv knowledge and belief.
C. D. LUFKIN, Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 2nd dav of Julv, 1909.
II. M. COKE, Ni'.tary Public Sec. Jud. Circuit.
The undersigned. Tain Fee, announces
that he has taken over the merchandise
business of T. Awana, Makawao, Maui,
from the 1st of July, 19119, on. 1
Aug. 28. Sept. 4, 11, 18.
Scrap Iron Co.
C. II. BROWN
Highest price paid for Old Brass,
Scrap Iron and all metals.
Dealer iu Second-hand Machinery.
Tel. 642. P. O. Box 547.
KAHULUI HARNESS SHOP
Maker of Saddles and
Satisfaction Guaranteed on all work
KAHULUI, MAUI D. E. NEWMAN, Prop.
Uhne Jable-3Cahului Slailroad Co.
Tin- following schedule will go into effect July lt, 1909.
CLASS Pass. Pass. Pass. Pass. jrj
STATIONS No. 1 No. a No. 3 No 4 j No. 5
A. M. A. M. P. M. P. M. A. M.
Kiiliului Lv. 0 15 7 50 1 20 !i 10
I'lmnene Ar. 25 S 00 1 :',0 3 20
l'unneiie Lv. G 0 8 10 1 40 3 25
Kaliului Ar. li -10 S 20 1 50 3 35 !
Kaliului Lv. 0 50 2 00 j
Wniluku Ar. 7 02 2 12 i
Wailuku Lv. 7 10 2 20 !
Kiiliului Ar. 7 22 ! 2 32
Kaliului Lv. 7 25 j 2 40 30
Spreckelsville Lv. 7 37 2 52 110 00
l'aia Ar. 7 50 3. ! 3 05 S 10 15
l'aia Lv. X 00 ' ! 3 15 ' 10 45
Spreckelsville Lv. .S 15 I j 3 30 ;
Kaliului Ar. S 27 3 42 It 15
Kaliului Lv. S 30 i 3 45 " :
Wailuku Ar. .S 45 j 4 tX)
Wailuku Lv. 9 00 L I 4 05
Kaliului Ar. 9 15 j 4 17 . j.......
Kaliului Lv 4 20
Spreckelsville Lv r: I 4 32 H !
l'aia Ar . ; 4 45 Z.
l'aia Lv , I 4 50
Spreckelsville Lv.j 5 03 ......
Kaliului Ar.' 5 't I
Kahului Railroad Co.
ALKXANDKlt ci UALDWIN, LTD.;
ALKXANUKI! & liALDWIX, LTD., Line of Sailing Vessels between
San Francisco ami Hawaiian Ports;
AMEniCAX-HAWAIlAX STKAMS1IIP CO.
BANK OF WAILUKU
W. T. Robinson, 1st Vice-President
R. A. Wadsworth, Director
A. Aalberg, Auditor
Capital Stock $ 35.o.oo
Surplus and Profits 26,403.63
Dividends Unpaid 1,400.00
named bank, do solemnly swear that the
knowledge and lielief.
C i). lAfM.N, t-asnier.
this 2nd dav of Julv, 1909.
COKE, Notary Public Sec. Jud. Circuit.
Capital Stock f 25,000. 00
Surplus and Undivided Profits.. 1,022.98
Dividends Unpaid 875.00
Due to Banks 7,327.02
DR. J. J. CAREY
Otlice, S c It r atlpr i51ock
Wailuku, Maui, T. II.
A Chinese Gold Signet Ring, with three
Chinese characters engraved on same,
has Jieen lost on trip to Haleakala. Finder
will please return to this office and receive
A gentleman's gold watch and fob has
leeu lost on the Camp 5 road between
Kahului and Camp 1. Finder will please
return to this office and receive suitable
reward. , it.