TI1E MAUI NEWS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1912.
THE MAUI NEVAS
Entered at the Post Office at Wailuku, Maul. Hawaii, as cond-claaa matter
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest ot the People
Issued Every Saturday.
maul Publishing Company, Limited.
Proprlatora and Publlshera
Subsciption Rates, is Advance 12.00 per Year, 11.25 Six Months
$2.50 per year when not in advance
V. L. Stevenaon ... - Editor and Wangf
SATURDAY. - - - - SEPTEMBER 28, 1912
"TRY, TRY, TRY AGAIN."
WELL,, Maui was defeated in the rowing races on Regatta Day.
That fact is to be regretted but, still, there is no real cause
for mourning. The spirit of Maui sport is above that kind of
thing, and the only result of the crushing defeats will be to ' make our
young athletes strive to do better next time.
When one remembers how, year after year, the gallant Healanis
trained, went out on the course, and were defeated, time after time,
one must realize that it is pluck and the ability to gracefully take a
licking that, eventually turns the tide, and results in victory at last be
The Healanis .made good, after five years of annual defeat, and the
Myrtles now feci what it is like to play second fiddle. The fact that
the Alamedas were first in the senior race last week, does not, in any
way, lessen the triumph of the Healanis, who beat their deadly rivals
for second place.
It is that sort of spirit that tells, whether in sport or the more serious
part of life. Maui is imbued with the right sort of spirit and, next
year, or the year after, at Hilo, the war cry of "Maui no ka oi!" will
assume a new sound to the adoring Valley Islanders.
AM PARKER should make an ideal Mayor of Honolulu. He
fc has the gift of being able to talk, entertain and he keeps in the
"" limelight all the time. His term, as mayor, if elected to office,
will remind one, in a small way, of mayors of some old country towns.
There is no doubt that "Sam" will spend more than his official salary
in entertaining visitors to Honolulu, and it would be difficult to name
a better choice as a picturesque figure head.
The new schedule of the Claudine, although pleasing enough to peo
ple residing on the Wailuku side of Maui, does not appeal to drummers
who have to, from time to time, visit Hana. The travelers are loth to
put in many days at the pretty little village but, according to the new
schedule, they will have to do that, or else'cut out Hana altogether.
Welcome home to our baseball team. The boys did well in winning
two'-; riiree games. And even the lost game was a beauty. No
'disgrace could be felt over the defeat. Well done boys! In defeating
the J. A. C. nine you proved yourselvos to be tke best ball players in
The day would seem to be rapidly approaching when war will have
to be abolished. Aeroplanes have added the finishing touch to the
horror of legal murder.
What about that town square opposite the Maui Hotel?
park there and a bandstand would improve Wailuku a lot.
The Maui ball players did good work in Honolulu,
against the P. A. C should have also been a victory.
The first game
Secretary W. L. Fisher was very welcome to Maui,
take away good impressions of this isle.
He canuot but
The Kihei boat landing cannot be constructed too soon,
delay and then kick again.
(Continued from Page i.)
being on Maui.
Briefly, the work consists in es
tablishing what are known us gaging
stations, in the streams and ditches,
for the purpose of determining how
much water is passing at a particu
lar point. These stations consist,
as in Iao Valley, of a gage and a
cable and car on a wire foot bridge.
The duty of the gago is merely to
register, automatically, the height
of the water.
From the current meter, which is
suspended from the cable, the
amount of water for a given gage
height is obtained. Numerous
measurements are made sometimes
by wading, if the water is low
enough and then a table is made
out. This table shows the amount
of wat-r in the stream for each daily
gage height and thus it will be seen
that the stream flow can be obtained
for e:ich day in the year.
There are new gaging stations on
all of Maui's principal streams, as
well as many in the big main ditch
es. All of the Btations, however,
are not equipped with automatic
gages, some having staff gages which
are read twice daily by local ditch-
men or others. It should be stated
here that the amount of work so
far accomplished, would not have
been possible had it not been for the
hearty co-operation of all the Maui
Plantations. Many of the gaging
stations must often be established
in most inaccessable places way
back in the mountains. Especially
is this so of the special rain gages
which the Geological Survey has
been installing at high elevations,
where the growth is dense and the
To visit these various stations the
Hydrographer or water-man"
must often do some very lonely
camping in places reached only by
Aiaui has many miles oi main
ditches more, in fact, than any oth
cr island oi the group, it is very
doubtful if in all the world there is
another area (considering water
development) comparable with the
so-called Ditch Country of East
Maui. The whole area, above
certain elevation, is sort of a catch
ment basin lor the heavy rains
blown in by the trade winds. A
half dozen main ditches tap this
section and carry the water, in
gome cases, thirty miles, to the arid
landson the went slope of Haleakala
incidentally, there is no more
inpressive trip for the hardy tour
ist than a ride over the well kept,
park-like trails which hug the ari-
ous ditches. It oould well be called
the trail of a thousand water-falls
We9t Maui has its receiving basin
also and the ditches, with their
head gates far up the various gulch
es, carry water to the fields in the
Wailuku, Olowalu and Lahaina
sections. It may be said that on
West Maui each stream lias its own
ditch or ditches, whereas on East
Maui the ditches cross the various
streams picking up more and more
water as they travel west.
In conjunction with the hundreds
of miles of ditches on Maui arteries
so to speak, supplying the Planta
tions with their very life blood
there are more than a hundred reser
voirs of all sizes. Due to the lack
of available natural reservoirs sites
a great many of those already built
have been constructed at a very
heavy cost. But to have a reservo
supply, when the ditches are carry
ing little water, i9 a great "boost"
and so the money spent in building
reservoirs has been well invested.
An interesting feature in connec
tion with Maui's water development
is the tunneling which has been
done especially back in the moun
tains of West Maui. The tunnels
were bored with the idea of striking
"paying water" and not "paying
dirt." The prospecting was for a
precious mineral other than goltj.
for water, according to the geolo
gists, is classified as a ' mineral.
If the water is going to be used for
the dual purpose of developing
power and irrigating the soil then it
might be said that we were pros
pecting for an alloy of "white coal"
and "cane juice.' It is white
coal" of course as it drops into the
power house and developes a given
horse power which was former
ly developed by means of coal or
oil. A great many millions of gal-
ons of water have already been
diverted by pump and by tunnel
rom their underground courses to
the sea and thus been converted in
to the afore mentioned alloy. In
this connection it should be stated
that it takes this tunnel water many
months to percolate through the
soil and rock for naturally it moves
very slowly. Experiments are now
being made by the Territory and
Geological Survey with the idea of
finding out just the length of time
required. II, six months alter a
very dry period, certain springs
and tunnels show a noticeable de
crease and vice versa then there is
good reason to believe that the time
required for the precipitation to
seep to its outlet is about one half
At present there is one Hydro
Electric plant on Maui but there
are two more in course oi construc
tion. The water is first used in
developing power and then performs
its second duty of irrigating the
land. The power developed is car
ried, by a transmission line, to pro
bably a distant pump where the
underground water is raised to the
desired level. What really happens
then is that the water, high up in
some mountain recess raises other
underground water, miles way, sev
eral hundred feet above the sea and
onto the fertile soil.
Realizing that water is the key
stone of the plantation great care is
being exercised in its handling from
the time the water enters the intake
of the ditch until applied to the
cane. Many thousands of dollars
are at the present time being ex
pended on Maui alone in substitu
ting cement lined tunnels for open
ditches, concrete for wooden flumes
and in improving the ditches gener
ally. In this connection it should
be noted that the current mete
and by the way each plantation now
has one of these valuable instru
ments, by pointing out the loses
in the various ditches is largely
responsible for a great deal of the
ditch improvement work which is
now going on not only on Maui but
throughout the group. "Conserve
the water' ' being the watchword
even more than all this is being
done in the matter of water conser
vation. Right today there are tree
nuseries scattered throughout the
silent-out-of-the-way-places of this
IF YOU WANT
Do Wot Forget
That We Carry
Remember this when you are ready to RE-TIRE; also
Maui Dry Goods & Grocery Company, Ltd.
island and men are engaged in
planting thousands of trees to the
end that the drainage area of the
various streams become well forest
ed. Such a drainage area natural
ly acts as a check allowing the
heavy rain falls to run off more
gradually. And it should be
remembered that tins work is a
work for posterity insuring the
tillage of the land after the passing
of this generation. There are still
places on the mainland where they
have not fully learned this impoit
ant lesson. The floods of recent
years are almost entirely due to the
cutting away of the forest, and the
impoverishing of the range by over
stocking. Twenty years ago, for
instance, the high grasses in the
southwest tended to hold back the
floods whereas today the precipita
tion runs off as from a board with
the result that the country is terri
bly scarred m places with wide,
sandy gulches or washes.
But the greatest development and
the greatest conservation has not by
any means been reached. Even
more economy in the handling of
water will be practiced in the future
and a great deal of the flood water
which is still going to sea, by the
underground as well as tho overland
route, will eventually be harnessed.
There are many on Maui to say
nothing of the other islands who
should take a day off occasionally
and go abroad, each on his own isl
and, so that his eyes may "pop'' as
he looks with wonderment at what
his fellow men have done and are
doing toward the economical devel
opment and distribution of Hawaii's
most precious mineral water.
The Ladies' Aid Society of Ma
kawao will held their annual sale in
tho evening of Friday, Out. 11th,
1912, at Paia Orpheum; at the
same time, play will be given under
the direction of Mr. C. O. White.
Mr. A. II. R. Vieira representing the VIEIRA
JEWELRY CO., LTD., of Honolulu, an old estab
lished lira under a new name, backed up by over 20
years of experience, will soon be on Maui with an
extensive sample line of Diamonds, Jewelry, Watches
and Silverware Silverware which ho will be pleased
to show to their old customers and any prospective
Appointment by Telephone: "WAILUKU HOTEL,
Wailuku, PIONEER HOTEL, Lahaina, or FER
NANDES HOTEL, Paia.
(Continued from page l.)
pakalua Winery. Manager Fawcett
was on the spot, and he answered
many questions asked him by Fish
er. According to Fawcett the grape
crop this year will be much lighter
then that of last year.
Fisher asked many questions
about grape raising, and then dis
cussed the different classes of licen
ses that are possible to obtain. The
Winery would like to have a whole
sale license besides a manufacturing
one at least the manager said so.
From the Winery the party went
down through the Haiku home
steads and looked over the whole
The Haiku cannery was then
visited and the whole working sys
tem was inspected.
From the Haiku cannery a quick
run was made to Maliko Gulch,
where the party found much to in
terest the individual members. The
"scenic railway" was patronized by
the Governor and a few others.
Luncheon was partaken of at both
the bridge head, and Harry Bald
win's home. The party divided for
an hour or so, but reunited for the
run down to the Kahului Break
water. At the breakwater the Secretary
did not have much to say. That
structure is outside of his depart
ment. Still, he asked questions as
to the extension, and further work
on the breakwater.
As the hour was getting late, and
it was known that the Wailuku
people would be waiting at the
Court House, the party started off
for the Valley Town.
At four o'clock the visitors reached
Wailuku and there an agreeable
surprise awaited the Secretary.
The school children were assembled,
and they sang appropriate airs.
The Secretary was much impressed
with the ceremony, aud commented
on it in his address.
Onco inaide tho Court room,
Judge Kingsbury took charge. He
read a fine address, and warmly
welcomed the Secretary of the In
terior. Mr. Fisher replied in good vein,
and then got down to business.
The Secretary called on anyone
present to make statements, J. M.
Vivas responded. He stated that,
some years ago, lie, or behalf of
himself and some others, petitioned
the Governor to throw open a tract
on the Haleakala Ranch lands for
homesteading. According to Vivas,
there was no reply to the petition.
In reply, Governor Frear said
that he could not remember the ex
act facts of the case. He wauld have
to look into the records in order to
answer the "charge."
W. O. Aiken said that he remem
bered the matter, and he declared
that he was responsible for the pro
position being turned down. "The
land is not ready for small farmers,"
After Vivas and Aiken were
through, W. J. Coelho, H. B. Pen
hallow, H. A. Baldwin and others,
enlightened the Secretary on many
matters. The party left for Lahaina
E. A. Mott-Smith, Mrs. Mott
Smith, R.O. Matheson and Mrs. W.
L. Fisher went straight on to Hono
lulu and did not stay off at Maui.
The Secretary's party included
Governor Frear, Prince Cupid, Pri
vate Secretary Meyer, Attorneys
Ashford, Olsen and Hemenway, P.
M. McMahon was with the party
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