Newspaper Page Text
THE MAUI NEWS, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1913.1
The blueness of sea water is in
constant ratio to its saltness. In
the tropics the tremendous evapor
ation induced by the blazing sun
causes the water to be much Salter
than it is in higher latitudes. For
about 30 degrees north and south
of the equator the waters are of an
exquisite azure. Beyond these
latitudes the blue changes to green,
and in the Arctic and Antarctic
oceans the greens are almost as
vivid as the tropical blues.
The extraordinary blueness of
the Mediterranean has two causes.
Few large rivers of fresh water run
into this sea and, moreover, the
Mediterranean is virtually landlock
ed and exposed to a powerful sun,
so that evaporation is rapid. By
actual test the waters of the Medi
terranean are heavier and Salter
than those of the Atlantic.
But blue and green are not the
only colors observed in the sea. In
January, 1909, a river of yellow
water three miles wide was obser
ved running parallel with the Gulf
Stream. It stretched from Cape
Florida to Cape Hatteras, and its
color was undoubtedly due to some
tremendous submarine upheaval,
Again, nine years ago, the sea
turned almost black off a large part
of the Californian coast. The
whole of Santa Cruz Bay assumed
this extraordinary inky hue and
fishing came abruptly to an end.
The darkness seems to have been
caused by millions of tiny animal
cules known as whale food. I
The dull reddish tint that has
given the Red Sea its name has a
similar cause. The water becomes
full of microscopic algae tiny
The yellow Sea of China is usual
ly supposed to owe its color to the
flood of muddy water that its great
river pours into it. But there
I again living organisms are respon
sible for the peculiar tint.
Occasionally, for some cause yet
undiscovered, great areas of the
ocean turn milk-white. In March,
1904, a Japanese merchant vessel
steaming at night between Hong
kong and Yokohama ran into a
snow-white sea. It was not an
opaque phosphorescent surface,
but an expanse of pure snow-white
that dazzled the eyes. The pheno
menon lasted for six hours.
DODGB SULPHUR DRINKERS.
Traveling showmen are said to
use sulphur to prevent the bites of
lice and other vermin. On this
subject Dr. John Broom of London
says: "We got a Yorkshire terrier
dog some time ago, and our lives
became intolerable to us all from
the pest of fleas therefrom. He
seemed to have a special attraction
"I had noticed a letter from a
doctor in the East of London re
ferring to the taking of a sulphur
tablet daily before going out to
visit, he being so susceptible to
fleas, so I followed his example.
' 'At the same time we put in the
dog's drinking water a big piece of
stick sulphur he always drinks
from his own dish. From that
day the plague ceased; not a flea
has been felt or seen. 1 gave up
taking the tablets, and the sulphur
in the water is quite effective. The
piece of stick sulphur is semingly
no less with lapse of time. The
importance of the point is that
i- : : i :i.i.
pcopic 1U lu&ctu luuui jJiauca uu&m
keep stick sulphur in their drink
iner neater and nerhaos suffer less
from midges and mosquitoes, to
say nothing of fleas, etc."
Flowers have been artificially
colored, wi -h more or less success,
but until recently animals have
escaped the experiments of the
investigatois. Now, however, we
) are assured that fishes may be so
colored as to suit the human fancy.
In Sicily, it is reported, by the
introduction into the water of
chalk, iron and a quantity of peat,
colors maybe imparted to the carp.
After treatment in a bath of these
concomitants for a couple of weeks
the fish is given another chemically
prepared bath into which there are
introduced iron and tan. By in
creasing or diminishing the quan
tities the color can be either accen
tuated or diminished.
The process is said to be some
what hazardous, but produces or
By suspending a foot support
from the hub of an ordinary bicycle
wheel, a foreign inventor has pro
duced a bicycle skate that promises,
when it comes on the market, to
become a means of cheap and speedy
transportation over country roads
ami under other conditions where
rol"r skates cannot be used.
The device consists of a skate
shoe clamped to an iron bar, which
is long enough to extend to the
knee, and carries an attachment
for suspending from the hub of a
28-inch bicycle wheel. The whole
device is strapped securely to the
leg, the adjustment being such that
the foot is suspended about three
inches from the ground.
A marked increase in the quan
tity of livestock grazed on national
forest ranges during the past fiscal
year is reported by the forest ser
vice. Nine and a half million
domestic animals have been oc
cupied during the summer in con
verting one of the by-products of
the forests into meat, hides, and
wool. In addition, there were in
round numbers three hundred
thousand calves and colts and five
million lambs and kids exempt
from permit and therefore not
According to the figures gather
ed, the amount of stock grazed
under permit during the year is
over four per cent greater than for
the previous year, while the num
ber of permittees using the forests
for pasturage purposes was increas
ed from 26,501 to 27,466. The
total receipts by the governments
from grazing fees for the twelve
months ending June 30, 1913, were
?1, 007, 739, and the portion of this
applied to schools and roads in the
states in which the national forests
are situated is about $352,708.
Grazing is second only to lum
bering as a principal use of the
national forests. Practically all of
the national forests used extensive
ly for grazing purposes are within
the eleven states extending east
from the Pacific Coast, known as
the "far western group. ' These
states contain, according to latest
reports, 8,546,000 cattle, 2,810,000
horses and mules, and 28,366,000
sheep. The national forests sup
port in these states 17 per cent of
the total number of cattle grazed,
3.48 per cent of horses and mules,
and 27.5 per cent of sheep.
It is estimated that the annual
product of these animals is 300,000
head of beef cattle of various ages
and grades and 5,000,000 head of
lambs and mutton sheep.
Since the average net meat weight
of a beef animal is 515 pounds, of
a lamb 37 pounds, and of a sheep
52 pounds, the stock grazed on
national forests in the eleven far-,
western states produce annually
about 155 million pounds of beef
and 312 million pounds of mutton.
In addition, it is said the wool
grown totals 55,000,000 pounds,
hides approximate 300.000 jn
number, and pelts 5,000,000.
This output, according to the
forest service, does not involve any
material sacrifice of forest or water
shed protection or permanent for
age productivity on the national
forests. The system of range
management applied by the govern
ment has proved, it is claimed,
effective and simple, and the qua
lity and quantity of the national
forage crop is said to be improving
The Winery is Full
PURE KAUPAKALUA is becoming the favorite
table wine of Maui just because it is pure and
Ask your dealer to give you a free sample and
then order a gallon.
Kaupakalua Wine & Liquor Co. Ltd. Haiku, Maui.
"If this picturo is on the end of the next
carton of Butter you buy, you have
bought the always fresh; always of tho
finest, creamiest flavor; always of uni
form quality, and always dependable
Butter for you have bought
Ask Your Grocer For It.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF WAILUKU.
C. H. COOKE, est DC NT R. A. WADSWORTH, vic-sn.iioifiT
D H. CASE. 2nd vice-president CD. LUFKIN. cashier manaoci
JOAQUIN GARCIA, assistant cashier
Statement of Condition June 30, 1913
Loans & Discounts jM3o,335 '6
United States Bonds 25,'xk) ch
Other 1 Ion (Is Si,62 23
Cash & Due from Banks 89.3SS 14
Real lvstate Owned 1,00000
Banking House and Fixtures.. 5,300 00
Five Percent Fund 1,25000
I'npital Stock $ 35,00000
Surplus & Trofits 44,958 69
Due to Other Banks 4,589 09
Circulation 34,997 So
Dividends t'npuid a, loo 00
Deposits 322,330 25
This wonderful car at so low a price has now arrived
See C. J. SCHOENING & CO.- expert auto
mobile repairers, for Catalogs and other details.
MATSON NAVIGATION CO.
26$ Market Street, San Trancisco, California.
FREIGHT AND JASSENGER SERVICE
San Francisco Puget Sound
PUGBT SOUND Hnwailan Islands Arrive VnvatTR
Arrive Leuve Arrive Leuve 8. F. WUJdfcB
Sept 20 Sept 23
Oct II Oct 14
Oct 30 Nov 2
Nov 20 Nov 23
Dec II Dec 14
Sept 9 Sept 16 Sept 24
Sept 21 Sept 27 Oct 7
Sept 23 Sept 30 Oct 8
Sept 27 Oct 7 Oct 15 Oct 25
Sept 30 Oct 8 Oct 14
Oct 7 Oct 14 Oct 22
Oct 18 Oct 27 Nov 5 Nov 13
Oct 19 Oct 25 Nov 4
Oct 21 Oct 28 Nov 5
Oct 28 Nov 5 Nov 11
Nov 4 Nov 11 Nov 19
Nov 8 Nov 18 Nov 26 Dec 6
Nov 16 Nov 22 Dec 2
Nov 18 Nov 25 Dec 3
Nov 25 Dec 3 Dec 9
Nov 29 Dec 9 Dec 17 Dec 27
Dec 2 Dec 9 Dec 17
Dec 14 Dec 20 ' Dec 30
Dec 16 Dec 23 Dec 31
Dec 20 Dec 30 Jan 7 Jau 17
Dec 23 Dec 31 Jan 6
Dec 30 Jan 6 Jau 14
PORTS OF CALL.
, S.-WILIIELMINA To Honolulu and Uilo.
B. UONOLULAN To Honolulu and Kahului.
! '3. LURLINE To Honolulu and Kahului.
S. ENTERPRISE To Hilo direct. ,
, S. 1IILONIAN All "ITawniinn Ports.
i. S. HYADES j
Indicates that steamer carries combustible and freight only (no
Subject to Change Without Notice.
Woiluku. Maul, T.H.
P. O. Bol 83
WAILUKU HARDWARE CO.,
General Hardware, Enamelware, Oil Stoves, Twines,
Mattings, Wall Papers, Mattresses, Etc., Etc., Etc.
COFFINS MADE AT SHORT NOTICE.
Importers & Dealers
WHOLESALE and RETAIL
GASOLINE and DISTILLATE IN DRUMS
The Family Drink
Bottled Where The
Best Grapes Grow.
Have You Tried It?
H. Hackfeld & Co.
Your Mail Orders for Photographic
Supplies Should be Addressed
Honolulu Photo Supply Co., Ltd.
Island Order RUSH
Mail your exposed films to us, and they
will be developed and printed, and returned
by first boat; special facilities for rapid work