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FOUR THE MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1918.
THE MAUI NEWS
PRUDENCE OR PERSECUTION
Entered at the Tout Office at Wailuku, Maui, Hawaii, as second-class matter.
A Republican Paper Published in the Interest of the People
Issued Every Friday.
MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED,
Proprietors and Publishers
Subscription Rates, $2.50 ter Year in Advance.
WILL. J. COOPER : : EDITOR AND MANAGER
FRIDAY : : : OCTOBER, 4, 1918
AN AMERICAN CREED
I Relieve in the United States of America, as a government of the
people, by the people, for the people, whose just powers are derived
from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic, a sov
ereign nation of many sovereign states; a perfect Union, one and in
separable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice
end humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and
I therefore believe it is my duly to my country to obey its laws,
to respect its Flag and to defend it against all enemies.
William Tyler Page.
THE LABOR PROBLEM
The labor situation in Hawaii is most serious. Royal D. Mead,
head of the planters' labor bureau has returned from a trip to Washing
ton bringing no hope of relief. There is no shipping available even
were it possible to recruit more Filipinos. There is no prospect of get
ting laborers from Porto Rico. He does not believe there is a chance
to have the bars of the Chinese exclusion act lowered". There seems
r.o where else to turn to get new laborers to take the places of those
who have been taken by Uncle Sam in the national guard and through
But have we exhausted every recourse ?
On the mainland, thousands of young men, in the midst of their
training for the strenuous work "over there," were released on furlough
last summer to help with the harvests. Thousands of others have been
similarly released to relieve other hard-pressed essential industries.
Might it not be similarly possible to have the 4000 or more men
of the two guard regiments stationed at Oahu posts furloughed for duty
in the cane fields ? The Maui News believes it would be possible.
These Island troops, it has been stated, will probably never be sent
overseas for duty. Their sole service will be as garrison troops here
at home. Their duty while important is not indispensible. The war
department has also thousands of men on the mainland who will never
be sent to France. They are known as limited service troops made up
of men who, for physical reasons generally, have b?en weeded out of
the training camps. And with the new draft of older men, and with
the invaliding home of many men from France, there will be many
more of this class of troops. They could be garrisoned in Hawaii with
distinct benefit to themselves and could release our soldiers for duty in
the sugar fields. .
Our men would not need to be discharged from the army in fact
it would be much better were they not but should be simply given fur
loughs and remain subject to military discipline.
We believe that the commercial bodies of the Islands should take
his up in all seriousness. The lobbyists who were to be sent to Wash
ington to urge the admission of Chinese laborers might well be sent to
try to get the draft authorities and the food administration to pulling
together as to Hawaii. There is strong reason to believe that they are
not at present. We are urged by one to produce more sugar to help
win the war, and by the other we are drained of our laborers by which
this might be possible. Let us at least get a decision on the subject.
If Hawaii's laborers are of more value to the nation on the drill grounds
of Fort Shafter than they are in the cane fields, Hawaii is patriotic
enough to accept the situation without a whimper. But Washington
ought to understand exactly the facts of the matter and settle the ques
tion "sugar or soldiers?"
PUT YOUR BOND OUT OF TEMPTATION'S WAY
You do not help the government, you do not assist your brother,
husband or friend at the front when you buy a bond during the flush
of enthusiasm which comes over you during the bond campaign, only
to sell it later.
Buy your Londs and then lock them up. Put them out of temp
tation's way. Forget them when it comes to figuring them as an im
It harms the government, it harms the cause of the Allies and it
benefits the Kaiser when Liberty Loan bonds are thrown on the market.
It is not saving to buy bonds and resell them. That's like the Ger
mans advancing to the Marne then scurrying back to the Aisne. They
were heavy losers through that move. You are just as much a loser.
You do just as much to harm YOUR cause when you sell your bonds.
Too many are apt to think that having purchased bonds their own
interest ends. That argument is fallacious. Those bonds must be
held. Otherwise the bond buyers' money comes out of them and other
cash goes into them which would go into new bonds were it not for
the sale of the old ones. Such transactions depreciate the price of
bonds not their value but their market price for the time being. That
hampers new sales.
The bond buyer who is not a bond holder does no service for his
country. He is asleep to his own interest. The majority of those who
sell their bonds are small investors. For such investors the 4 and 44
per cent bonds have all the value of the 3y per cent; these latter are
held because of their tax exemption feature. But the mistake comes
;n forgetting that the higher interest issues are just as free from the
normal income tax as the others. They are also frte from surtax or
excess profits tax to an aggregate holding $5,000.
Don't be a bond slacker. Salt away those gilt-edge securities back
ed by the United States government, the soundest investment in the
DOES THE END JUSTIFY THE MEANS?
The end justifies the means, cries the Advertiser, in urging repub
lican voters to vote for Dr. Raymond in the primaries in order to in
sure the defeat of McCandless for nomination on the democratic ticket.
It is a question of Americanism, and rises above politics, is the conten
tion of that paper. If such action be immoral under ordinary circum
stances, stress of present circumstances absolves it now, is the argument.
This thoroughly machiavelian doctrine but emphasizes the import
ance of amending the primary law at the earliest opportunity. Every poli
t.cal party has a moral right to nominate its candidates without inter
ference. Our primary law was designed to secure this, and, in so far
9 a it eliminated the abuses of boss-ruled party conventions, it succeed
ed. But it fails to guard the parties from underhand attacks of rival
organizations, as is glaringly illustrated in the present instance. Kuhio,
as the republican candidate, has no rival for the nomination. There
fore the republicans can, and should, it is urged, take advantage of the
law and mess up the democratic contest as they see fit.
The thing is thoroughly mischievous and demoralizing. It is bad
ethics and is wrong on the face of it. Honorable men men who be
lieve in fair play, and in the golden rule as an everyday guide, will
not be misled by this hypocritical appeal to Americanism, designed to
put across a most un-American'doctrine.
"Miss Hagens was born in Germany but left that country when
she was 3 years old with her mother, her father having died before her
birth. Her mother and she lived in the United States ever since and
had no communication with Germany. She was educated entirely ii
American schools." Statement, of ' Superintendent Kinney re Miss
llagcns, alien enemy.
Miss Hagens is one of the 4 teachers in the public schools who
have been asked to resign by the school commissioners because they are
alien enemies. Ihis is absolutely the only thing against Miss lL.ccns
Had. her mother married an American citizen while she was still a' child
she herself would today be an American though without any volition
on her part. Had she herself wed an American, her loyal'y would
never have been questioned. But she would be no more fii to teach
'.luldren than she now is.
Mr. Kinney says her loyalty is not questioned now or is that of
the three other unfortunate females who are ousted with her. To the
contrary he says "It should be understood that the department hai
never felt that there has been any danger to the children from the em
ployment of the 4 teachers in question, as it is familiar with the history
and attitude of each of these teachers."
' If the truth were known there are probably women teaching in the
schools today whose only claim to Americanship was acquired at the
marriage altar but whole right to be where they are is not or could not
be questioned. Moreover it is a fact that there are naturalized Germans
holding public office in the territory today whose loyalty is in doubt, but
who continue to hold their jobs because they have committed no overt
act that would warrant their being dropped.
An oaths of allegiance, or getting married does not changes a human
Jiaracter, but the school board, on the theory that it does, waives aside
the strongest kind of testimony as worthless. The thing doesn't look
a bit like a square deal. In truth it doesn't look American, for Amer
icanism stands for a square deal. And it does savor of persecution of a
particularly mean sort the sort that can deprive a woman of her means
of livelihood in the name of patriotism.
Prof. William Alanson Bryan goes the free port idea one better.
He would have the entire territory declared a free zone, in which im
ports from any part of the world might be landed for purpose of re
shipmcnt, re-packing, manufacture or storage, without the payment of
import duties. The only duties presumably that would be paid would
he on imports for local consumption, as at present, or this might even
be obviated through some other form of taxation by which the territory
could pay to the federal government her share of revenue now contri
buted through import duties.
That the Honolulu chamber of commerce is taking up the idea
seriously is a matter of congratulation, indicating that the business men
of the territory are not lacking in vision of what is in store for the
Islands following the war.
San Francisco and other Pacific coast ports are also considering
the free port idea through their commercial bodies, but none of them
are situated by nature for bringing this to a reality as is Hawaii. Where
mainland ports must spend millions in establishing their free zones,
Hawaii would have little expense, and situated as she is in the cross
roads of the Pacific trade would attract the commerce of the world as
these other communities could scarce hope to do.
Thus far there have been no arguments advanced against the plan
that we have heard, save that it is something new and therefore to be
PAXSON HAS HIS CHANCE
It would seem that President Paxson, of the board of health, has
the opportunity right at the start of his term of office, of demonstrating
his capacity to handle a big job. If he can clean up the leprosy row
that is now on he will have done much towards confirming in the public
mind the confidence with Governor McCarthy showed when he named
him for the position.
There is but one successful way to handle the kind of a matter
that Mrs. Macfarlane has stirred up, and that is by the most thorough
r.nd open ventilation. Bluff and bluster will not do. Neither will evas
ion, side-stepping, or any form of camouflage. This fact has been
discovered by others.
There has been a steady improvement in the leprosy situation dur
ing the past dozen years, and it is difficult to believe that on the whole
there is anything very seriously wrong now. But the question has been
raised. Serious charges have been made, and we, and everybody else
in Hawaii will not be satisfied until we know just exactly what is what.
Mrs. .Macfarlane is right in not being satisfied with the "firing" of
a man or two. The people of the Islands want, and have a right to
know just what is back of their firing.
Turn on the search-light.
Light and air are modern day specifics. They are especially effica
cious in connection with leprosy, bubonic plague, cholera, and other
scourges which affected communities used to try to cover up. If Pres
ident Paxson is wise he will profit by the experience of some of his
prerecessors and will throw things wide open even if they are not pretty
to look at.
What's the matter with licensing conscientious objectors. The
license fee might be fixed at the equivalent of a good nefty Liberty
Bond and the proceeds turned over to the Red Cross. A man has no
right to dodge behind his conscience to escape doing his part for the
nation that is willing to give him freedom of opinion.
Wear your old clothes and buy Liberty Bonds.
Liberty Bonds or German bondage.
"Come across" or the Kaiser will.
The soldier gives ; you must lend.
Liberty Bonds or German taxes.
Dr. A. D. PERKINS,
of Hilo, Hawaii. Has
located in Wailuku for a
limited period. Exami
nation Free. Courteous
treatment. Best mater
ials used. Across the
street from Alexander
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE
SECOND CIRCUIT, TERRITORY
At Chambers. In Probate.
In the matter of the estate of Archi
bald Grant MacLaren, Deceased.
Notice To Creditors
All persons having claims against
the estate of Archibald Grant Mac
Laren, deceased, are hereby notified
to present the same duly authenticat
ed and with proper vouchers. If any
exist, even if the claim is Becured by
mortgage, to the undersigned at Faia,
County of Maui, Territory of Hawaii,
within six months from date of first
publication hereof or they will be
Date of first publication September
Administrator of the Estate of
Archibald Grant MacLaren, De
ceased. E. R. BEVINS,
Attorney for administrator.
(Sept. 27; Oct. 4, 11, 18, 25.)
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