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Semi-Weekly Maui News
"FOR THE VALLEY ISLE FIRST' 22nd YEAR No. 1158. SEMI-WEEKLY MAUI NEWS, TUESDAY, APRIL 18, 1922. PRICE' 5 CENTS THIS WEEK'S MAILS To"the'"Coast: Saturday Nile Tuesday, Ventura; Wednes day, Wilhulmina and Taiyo Maru. From the Coast: Tomorrow, Shinyo Maru; Saturday, Ma kura (Vancouver) ; Tuesday, Matsonia. WAILUKU WEATHER Max. Mln. R'fall Apr. 11 78 68 .00 Apr. 12 80 68 .00 Apr. 13 81 66 .00 Apr. 14 ....80 65 .00 Apr. 15 82 67 .00 Apr. 16 81 67 .00 Apr. 17 ...-.83 66 .00 No appreciable rainfall. Homesteading Failure Made Clear in Reports On Waiakea Situation Land Commissioner Bailey and Sugar Expert Hor ner Report on Conditions on Big Island and Mill Company Replies; Meeting In Governor's Office. Appropriation Bill For Quarter Passed Board of Supervisors Supervisors Act j Defenses of Hawaii Russia-Germany To Secure Lands j Shown As important ; Treaty js Upset Lahaina School! To Senate Committee ; To Genoa Plans (ASSOCIATED PRESS) HONOLULU, April 18 A radical change must be effected in the con duct of the homesteads at Waiakea with the least possible delay if fail ure Is to be avoided and the home steaders saved from financial ruin, according to the reports by C. T. Bailey, territorial land commissioner, and Albert Horner, territorial sugar expert, and the answer by the Waia kea Mill Company, which were made to Governor Wallace R. Farrington, and released for publication today. This is practically the only point upon which the territorial investiga tors' report and the mill company an swer agreed. Radically Wrong The official investigation report de clares that "there appears to be some thing radically wrong in the manner in which work entrusted to the Waia kea Mill company by the homestead ers has been done. The attitude of the mill has not been helpful." In the mill's defense against this allega tion, A. A. Young, vice-president, said that the situation "has largely dev eloped from the fact that the mill company has been reduced from the status of a sugar producing and manu facturing company, to that of only n sugar manufacturer. To rehabilitate its field forces, the company must be restored to the position of a sugar producing, as well as a manufactur ing concern; and it can readily be seen that the only practical way to attain this Is to place a substantial acreage of cane lands definitely under the control of the mill company, so that contracts with laborers can be safely entered into." There is no hope for success in the Waiakea project under present con ditions, the report of Commissioner Bailey and Sugar Expert Horner said. Bailey-Horner Report There is no hope for success In the Waiakea homesteading pro ject under present conditions and radical changes must be made immedi ately if failure is to be avoided and the homesteaders saved from1 financial ruin, according to the report on the Waiakea situation made by Charles T. Bailey, territorial land commls sioner, and Albert Horner, territorial sugar expert, to Governor Wallace R. Farrington, which was made public today. The principal findings of the invest! gators are: "Too much money is being spent under present methods for the results obtained." tFunds for the "cultivation of the stools from which the 1922 crop is being harvested must be made aval able at once and approximately $200.- 000 will be required to care for these stools for the 1924 crop." The financial outlook "is depress ing in view of the fact that there is a debt of $850,000 against the tract at present and 1350,000 will be re quired to carry on the cultivation of the 1923 and 1924 crops, especially in view of the prospect for small crops in 1923 and 1924.' Conditions must be improved by hav ing the homestead interests repre sented as a unit by a central authority whose entire time and energy would be expended in the management of the homesteaders' affairs. This, bow ever, is not so desirable as personal attention by the homesteader." There "appears to be something radically wrong in the manner in which work entrusted to the Waiakea Mill Company by the homesteaders has been done. The attitude of the mill has not been helpful, and, without sympathetic cooperation between the mill company and the homesteaders the project cannot be a success. The report details the Investigation conducted by Bailey and Horner in January in which they visited each lot, and a full statement concern ing each lot was attached to the re port. The report told also of the em ployment of R. G. Dods, accountant, to examine the books of the mill com . Ijany regarding the various contracts with the homesteaders. "An examination shows that the f.eld of cane per acre for 1921 was very light, while the cost of produc tion was very high," the report said. Tlie sugar produced sold at a low ;.i ice, and as a result of this combina tion, a large majority of the home it eaders find themselves in an em I arrassing situation financially, their debit balances ranging from a few u illars to more than $300 per acre. In i iany cases the loss on this one crop exceeds the appraised value of the lot ; nd the debit balance on this crop as t Uown by the books of the mill com iuny exceeds $113,000. In addition to this, unknown amounts secured from other sources were expended on the crop." Figures Show Losses The report then furnished figures on certain lots, each of which showed a loss, ranging from $1,100 to $7,019. The yield for the 1922 crop will be light, the report estimating at 36,971 tons. "Against this crop, advances of $405,417 as of December 31, 1921, have been made by the mill company. Adding the estimated cost of harvest ing, $51,129, and about $50,000 ad vanced by the farm loan board, banks and others, gives a total charge of $507,546 against the crop. With su gar at 5 cents, the probable net re ceipts by the homesteaders are esti mated at $184,855, leaving a deficit of $322,691, estimated. Unless there Is a decided advance in the price of sugar, the producers of this crop will have a much larger debit balance than the producers of the 1921 crop,1 the report said, adding that the 1923 crop also would be light, and would increase the "burdens of the home steaders who are now staggering un der a heavy debt carried over from 1921." The report then details the out standing features of the situation, in cluding an apparent lack of system and absence of proper supervision in connection with the cultivation, either by the mill or by the homesteaders themselves; enormous sums are spent for cultivation, but it appears that the work is not done in proper sequence or at the proper time; and with own er living on house lot. distance to cane lot and lack of roads has made large expenditures for jury fees. Increase of $750 for the three months of the present quarter in the allowance for child welfare work, a reduction of $1000 in the allowance for expenses of circuit court for this quarter over laBt and the transfer ence of the items of $60 for nospitai incidentals and $2100 for county phy sicians salaries to the hospitals ac count were the only changes made in the appropriation bill passed by the board of supervisors Friday afternoon from the bill passed for the first quarter of the year. The allowance for child welfare work for the quar ter is $6000. The appropriation bill carries $72,872.50 as compared with $76,282.50. The board of supervisors is still without full and accurate information as to what will be the assessed valua tion of the county for the present year and In consequence without definite figures on what will be the actual revenue to the county. The figures which it has, however, indicate that the preliminary estimates of probable revenue were sufficiently conservative and that county expen ditures are being kept within the bounds of the revenue. But thus far, there is no indication that the super visors can loosen up purse strings to any great extent during the last six months of the year. With the figures of the last appro priation bill, that for the first quar ter of the year, the expenditures from each item and the balance left of each item and for each fund before them, the board passed its appropria tion bill quickly. It held that the items in the health department for hospitals incidentals and for county physicians salaries should properly be paid from the special taxes for the hospitals and sanitarium and those items were stricken and so transfer red. F. B. Cameron told of the cutting down of allowances for' child welfare and said that if the extra $750 he asked be granted the board could meet all present cases and take care of any probable new cases. He said the overhead expenses of the board are only $150. It was shown that $2000 for circuit court expenses would probably be sufficient for the coming three months as there were not likely to be any Strong Resolutions Are Pass ed and Copies Will Be For warded Governor and Sup erintendent of Instruction. labor by 6elf or supervision of labor ers difficult or impossible, Most of the homesteaders were in experienced in cane cultivation and most of them were without the cash or credit necessary to undertake a project, the proper handling of which requires an outlay of considerable cap ital," the report continues. Some Lack Interest "Many applicants desired house lots only, as is indicated by the fact that many who take no interest in their cane land have substantial homes and well kept grounds on their house lots, This lack of interest on the part of the homesteader tends to make him dependent too much upon others for conduct of his business in connection with his homestead, and one's busi ness always suffers unless given per sonal supervision "There is lack of proper cooperation between the homesteaders and the mill company, which furnishes bulk of the funds and labor for culti vation. The homesteaders question almost every act of the management and on the other hand, the manage ment is not as helpful in its business relations with the homesteaders as it should be. The result is that less efficient work is done by the mill for the homesteader than is done on the mill's own fields. "Exhibit three shows lot 720, har vested in April, 1919 by the mill for its own account with a yield of be tween 65 and 60 tons of cane per acre and the lot just after harvesting In 1921 with yield of 26. 3 tons per acre grown by the mill for the home steader, "Lavish advances have beep made but the money in most cases had not been spent wisely. On one lot, $550 per acre has been charged by the mill company for cultivation of the 1922 crop, yet the lot is estimated to yield only 8 tons of cane per acre. High cost of production is to be expected in view of high wages and high cost of materials, but it is to be expected also that with such expenditures, at least normal crops would be produced Without increasing the tonnage by more efficient cultivation, even a de cided advance in the price of sugar will not enable these people to pay off their obligations. The total debt against this tract, including estimated loss on 1922 crop, overdue land pay ments and taxes, is approximately $869,000. Funds Needed Now "About $65,000 has been spent on the 1823 crop to date and it will cost at least $150,000 more to bring the crop to maturity. Funds for the cul tivation of the stools from which the 1922 crop is being harvested must be made available at once. Approx lmately $200,000 will be required for the care of these stools for the 1924 crop, "The above figures do not take into consideration the funds that will be required to restore the 2400 acres which have been abandoned and which will have to be plowed and planted before Banie will again pro duce a crop. Road work allowances are held to the same figures as last quarter the appropriations by districts for roads and bridges, aside from the loan fund work that is being or is to be done is as follows: Wailuku, $2500; Maka wao, $2500; Lahaina, $2500; liana $1875; Molokai, $1250. Plight of Ireland Worse; Live Sought Of Collins by Bullet (ASSOCIATED PRESS) BELFAST, April 18 Disorders con tinue. Scores are reported to have been wounded. Seven houses were burned on Anti gua street yesterday. There was con the siderable firing in that neighborhood and two were wounded. (Continued on Page 7) (ASSOCIATED PRESS) DUBLIN, April 17 It was officially announced that an attempt has been made to assasinate Michael Collins shortly after midnight, stimuli aneous ly with an attack made from ambush on the "Beggars Bush headquarter of the Irish Republic Army. Collins was returning from a meeting in Kildare when a group met and opened fire on his automobile Collins was apparently the speci al target. His men returned the fire and captured one attacker who was armed with a revolver an-J earn ed a bomb. Riflemen attacked tli headquarters but the garrison succeed ed in driving them off. Collins speech ing at Kildare said De Valera adopted methods of anarchy because peopl and civilians were unwilling to allow him to decide the treaty question for them. Reports from Belfast say Griffit addressed a meeting of the discordant factions at Sligo where the free stat ers fired once upon the republicans, in jurying six. A later report says Sligo is isolated from Dublin, there bein no wires remaining intact. Open Door, Japan's Policy in Siberia (ASSOCIATED PRESS) TOKIO, April 17. Japan instructed her delegates to withdraw from the Dairen conference with representa tives of the Siberian government be ing held at Chita. The foreign office said the delegates were withdrawn because the Chita forces made coun ter proposals regarding the evacua tion of the Japanese from Siberia which upset the agreement made re garding the protection of life ttnd pro perty. The open door policy by Ja pan has been officially announced. A divisional staff brigade of infantry, a regiment of cavalry, and a battalion of engineers and field artillery is to replace the troops stationed in Libe ria. For months past the board of su pervisors has been endeavoring to have a site secured for new school buildings for Kamehameha HI school which Is next on the school building program following the Puunene school house. When additional room was required at the opening of the school the supervisors would have only a temporary structure erected pending the putting into effect ot the extensive construction- work plans that had been tentatively decided up on. Within the past few months there has been a voluminous correspon dence between Supervisor D. T. Flem ing and Governor Farrington. Consider Price High In the course of affairs and in con nection with the securing of land ad jacent to the present grounds there was a board of appraisers named which fixed the value of the property desired at 20 cents a foot. That figure the board of supervisors has considered too high and has been In formed by the Territorial ollncials that there is not enough funds to ac quire the whole tract desired at that price per foot. The board has been seeking a new appraisement by a new board of appraisal. It holds that the price at which beach lots were sold by the territory and the price at which a- part of the land sought was purchased by Pioneer Mill Company are far below the figures named by the board ot appraisers. It has been said at the supervisor's meetings that the mill company would sell its hold ings at a much lower price than zu cents a foot, that a part of the land Is swampy and would have to be filled in and the members believe that the property should be acquired for fully a third less than the appraised price. Resolution Passes There was some discussion of the Kamehameha III school complications at the Wednesday session of the board and Friday afternoon the fol lowing resolution was adopted: Be it resolved by the board of su pervisors of the County of Maui, Ter ritory of Hawaii, that "Whereas, the situation witn reier- ence to the land and buildings at the Kamehameha III School at Lahaina is such that there is to be insufficient land for the construction of new school buildings and cottages without unduly crowding the present struc tures, and Whereas, it is evident that in tne very near future additional school buildings and teachers' cottages will be required, and "Wheres, the present condition or school grounds at said Lahaitri is such that there are at present wholly inadequate toilet facilities, and be cause of lack of room for additional toilets the Board of Health of the Territory of Hawaii has protested against the conditions prevailing, anu Whereas, the Bdard of supervisors of the County of Maul has-repeatedly recommended that additional grounu be acquired for school purposes at said Lahaina adjacent to the present school grounds, and "Whereas additional grounds deem ed by the Board of Supervisors neces sary to be acquired have been ap praised by a Board of Appraisers reg ularly appointed, at a figure which to the Board of Supervisors is consider ed unreasonable and exhorbitant, and which figure the Board of Supervisors is Informed is far beyond the amount available for acquiring such new grounds, and "Whereas the situation at present and as it will be in the very near fu ture is intolerable, "Therefore, the attention of the Governor of the Territory of Hawaii and the Superintendent of Public In struction Is directed to the existing conditions at said Lahaina. and the said Governor of the Territory of Ha waii and the Superintendent of Pub lic Instruction are urgently and earn estly requested to immediately ac quire for school purposes at said La haina, sullicient ground at least to provide room for such additional buildings and toilets as are and will be within the next year, absolutely required. And be it further resolved that I (ASSOCIATED PRESS) I I Washington, April l".- Urging ; Reports Says Delegates Told I nit? completion oi me ueiense pro- gram in both Hawaii and Panama as an intergral feature in the defense ! of continental United States, Colonel H. 1). Wells, head of the war plans division of the general staff, appeared before the senate appropriations com mittee. Wells criticized the pending army bill as inadequate and tending to wreck the progress already made in national defense. Regarding the Phil- They Must Leave Commis sion on Russian Affairs or Cancel Pact (ASSOCIATED PRESS) GENOA, April 18 Affairs of Un economic conlerence here have been thrown into contusion by the signing on Sunday of a treaty between Rus- ippines, he said that adequate defense sia and Germany by the delegates of lor that possession would involve the maintenance on the Island of Luzon, a garrison of 100,000 men and gene- those countries to this convention. British spokesmen said the action of the Germans in signing the treaty rous provisions for aircraft to be sup-'which abrogates the Brest Litovsk pact plemented by a considerable force of ! is a breach of lovaltv to the idea of submarines, but he added, that under the conference and is a challenge to the provisions of the four power Europe but that, nevertheless they do treaty additional defenses in the Phil-! not think it will result in a breaking ippines were prohibited. He said the ! up of the conference. blow than the loss of any other pos- Lloyd George expresses the opinion blow than the loss o fany other pos- that the RussoGerman treaty has session. Oahu Impregnable Wells explained that the defense of Hawaii centered on Oahu, on which Island wp.s located the base at Pearl Harbor which he considered the base from where a fleet may best protect the west coast of the United States, Alaska, and the Panama canal. Con tinuing he said Oahu was the most impregnable of any of the Islands and located in a strategic position in the Pacific Ocean. He said that the re serve ammunition and supplies to be maintained there are based on the compound requirements to be had for self sustainence for months. In order to prepare the Island for this defense lie said the authorization of construc tion requested in the estimates un questionably should be made as the amount needed is small compared with its importance in connection with the whole plan of defense. Storms and Floods Do Great Damage in Mid-Western States (ASSOCIATED PRESS) INDIANAPOLIS. Ind., April 18 A series of electric and wind storms swept across Indiana and Illinois yes terday afternoon leaving a swathe of ruined farms and demolished villages behind. Tremendous rains accompan ied the tornado and washouts have isolated some points. Deaths reported last night included two at Lafayette, Ind., six at Alexan dria, 111., six at Hendricks. Ind., four at Irvington, 111., one at Newton. 111., and two at Plainfield, 111., Plainfield was almost obliterated by the storm which also struck Orestes and Sum mitsville, near Alexandria. Muncie re ports heavy damages but no deaths. tended to divide Europe into two camps, the very thing the conference sought to avoid. The treaty which came as a com plete surprise to the conference be sides abrogating the Brest-Litovsk document provides for the reestablish ment of diplomatic relations and can cels all war claims and claims grow ing out of the nationalization of prop erty. (ASSOCIATED PRESS) PARIS, April 18 A dispatch from Genoa says that the allies are drafting a note to the German and Russian delegations notifying them that they must leave the commission of the con ference which is dealing with Rus sian affairs or abandon their treaty. Poincaire has called all the govern ment ministers who are in Paris to a cabinet meeting to consider the new pact. The newspapers here consider the action by the Russians and Ger mans as a blow to the prestige of Lloyd George before the Genoa con ference but are inclined to view it almost with satisfaction. Reports from London say the British news papers almost unanimously condemn the RuBsian-Gerniun treaty as a blow aimed at the purposes of the Genoa conference and charge both signator ies with bad faith. The allies today informed the Ger man delegates that since Germany has effected arrangements with Rus sia the German delegates will be de barred from further participation in discussions of conditions of the agree ment between Russia and the other countries represented at the confer ence. Dr. Walter Rathenau. German fore ign minister protested the decision. (ASSOCIATED PRESS) SPRINGFIELD, 111., April 18 The Illinois river flood has grown worse as the storm continued. Adjutant General Black has sent tents to River pool and the mayor of Havana, from many towns residents are reported to be in flight. Reports from Chicago say the storm of yesterday occasioned a death loss of probably more than 50 and millions of damage to property. Massacre of Greeks By Turks Reported (ASSOCIATED LONDON. April (ASSOCIATED PRESS) CHICAGO, April 17 Tornadoes rag ing throughout Kansas, Indiana and Illinois last night are believed to have killed at least eight persons and injured dozens more. Scores of peo ple are homeless and it is thought the damage will run into millions. De tails are meager owing to broken wires. PRESS) 17 Dispatches from Athens say an Italian steamer has brought news of a great fire and smassacre of Christians at Samsoun on the Black Sea coast of Asia Minor. According to the dispatch the mas sacre was in progress ten days ago when the Italian ship left there. The ships officers said that Turkish Na tionalists headed by Turk olllcers surrounded and set fire to the Greek quarters, shooting all who fled. Thousands of Greek women and child ren rushed to the waterfront taking refuge on steamers and ships. An American warship in the neighbor hood was wirelessed to hasten to the rescue. (ASSOCIATED PRESS) PINE BLUFF, Arkansas, April 17 Calls have been sent from Arkansas City to all towns within a radius of 30 miles for men and supplies to aid in the fight being waged there to pre vent the Mississippi levees from break ing. The situation is said to be "ex tremely serious." (ASSOCIATED PRESS) CENTRA LIA, Illinois. April 17 One baby was killed and two adults seriously injured by the tornado here. Irvington communication wires ate down and the railroad depot was carri Unfair Treatment of Hawaii by Federal Government Opposed certified copies of this resolution be j " ,w nre,it and landed un by the Clerk forwarded to the Gov- damaged. 1 he tornado is also , repc ,r - by ernor of the Territory of Hawaii and the Superintendent of Public Instruc tion of the Territory of Hawaii." ed having passed through Walnut Hill and Shookville. JUDGES TAKE OATHS Bathers at Waikiki Are Forced to Clothe Selves (ASSOCIATED PRESS) HONOLULU, April 17 In a flower decked court room with the Honolulu bar generally in attendance besides numbers of friends, K. C. Peters and Antonio Perry took their oaths of of fice as justices of the Supreme Court today. Justice Edings administered (ASSOCIATED TRESS) HONOLULU, April 18 Governor Farrington conferred this morning with prominent citizens to consider ways and means to "meet the per sistent refusal of the federal govern ment at Washington to recognize Hawaii as an integral part of the i United States and to discriminate 1 against the territory in the matter of appropriations. Among those at the meeting were Frank Atherton, E. B. Clark, secretary of the chamber of commerce, L. A. Thurston and former Governor Frear. It was decided at the meting that the Governor will later call a con ference of representatives of various organization, civic and other, to con sider the subject further. HONOLULU NEEDS CASH (ASSOCIATED PRESS) HONOLULU, April 17 Sheriff Rose and his deputies invaded the Waikiki beach enforcing the Desha law which i the oaths. forbids bathers from making "unde- j -tt-- cent" exposure of their bodies on the! PLANE REACHES CAPE VERDE beach. Rose told the bathers either to get into the water or to get a robe (associated pressi to cover them. He said "bathers '. POUT A PR AY A, Cape Verde Is must keep themselves covered either : lands, April 18 The Portugese air wiih clothes or water, there will be no plane that is undertaking a flight more basking on the sands in bathing j from Europe to llrazil reached here suits." safely from St. Vincent, yesterday. (ASSOCIATED PRE.4S) HONOLULU, April 17. A delega tion of city and county officials went betore the Territorial Treasurer lA'wis today and protested against re ductions in the assessed valuations here. They said Uie city and county is raising a deficit of $300,000 and de clared that many discrepancies are apparent in the proposed new valua tions which would deprive the muni cipality ot much needed additional tax money.