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SEMI-WEEKLY MAUI NEWS, FRIDAY, JUNE 16, 1922. "Km THE VALLEY ISLt FOST" Semi-Weekly Maui News 1 1 the optimistic pessimist A Republican Paper Published in the Interests of the People Issued Every Tuesday and Friday MAUI PUBLISHING COMPANY, LIMITED Proprietors and Publishers. M. R. PEREIRA, Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES: $4.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE Entered at the Post Office at Walluku, Maul, Hawaii, as second-class matter. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is ex clusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credit ed to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. JOSEPH H. GRAY EDITOR FRIDAY JUNE 16, 1922 MORON EXPLAINED In frequent use, the word "moron" is one that perhaps a large part of the reading public does not rightfully understand. In ex planation of the word this paper has the following from the Asso eiated Press, New York office. The word "moron," which criminologist! as well as newspaper headline writers frequently use to designate a person of morbidly criminal tendencies, is defined in a bulletin issued by the State Charities Aid Association. "Moron," they say, comes from the Greek "moros," meaning "fool". And the word, as applied by psychiatrists and mental speci alists, means just that "fool." It is not applied to insane persons, to lunatics, imbeciles or idiots, but to the considerable percentage of the population whose limited reasoning power places them on the great border-line, of mental de ficiency. Before the word "moron" came into general use such persons were called "defectives." They were those who, if left to shift for themselves, usually became "liabilities to society." Figuring from statistics gathered by army draft boards the state association estimates that there are 45,000 mental defectives morons in New York State today. This would indicate, says the re port, that one person in every 250 is mentally deficient and incapable of passing sound judgment as to what is right or wrong. Of this number, 5,200 are in state institutions ; 500 are in colonies attached to such institutions; and 7,500 arc enrolled in special classes in public schools. This leaves some 31,000 without any special super vision at large in all walks of life. Describing the defective, the charities association says: "He is often unable to adjust himself to permanent employment and is habitually changing his job. lie is tremendously responsive to suggestion and is thus particularly susceptible to the criminal influence of others. "Nearly all the attempts at assassination of prominent men in recent years and of criminal assaults with a sexual phase have been the work of mental deficients. A moron killed President McKin ley and another tried to kill Roosevelt. A moron tried to kill Mayor Mitchell and shot Corporation Counsel Polk. Mayov Oaynor was shot by another defective." There is a distinct difference between mental deficiency and in sanity, it is pointed out. They have little in common. Insanity is a mental disease which is curable in at least 25 percent of cases and preventable in 40 percent. A moron or mental defective is a person who definitely lacks brain capacity. The condition usually is inherited and cannot be cured, for, say the psychiatrists, "Science cannot add what nature has ommitted. "In other words an adult moron is just a man or woman with the brain of a child. The schools are considered the best sorting pen for the discovery of the defectives. There he automatically is separated from the children of normal intelligence. Perhaps he progresses to the sixth grade without displaying any lack of the power to absorb knowledge. Then he falls behind. He doesn't seem able to learn any more; his classmates go on, while he remains, vainly trying to absorb his lessons, but without success. Should he continue in school at this time the chances are he will become an incorrigible the sort of over-grown bully who far out strips his playmates in size and strength, but who is a dwarf in the classroom. Or if he leaves school he is apt to join the class of easily led criminals, unguided by any sense of right or wrong, wholly ir responsible, who go from misdemeanor to felony and thence to the electric chair or to Mattewan. At the period of arrested development psychiatrists claim to be able to pick out the defectives by their reaction to certain simple questions, included in the liinet-Simon measuring scale of intelli gence. In the vocabulary test the examiner may say: I want to find out how many words you know. Listen, and when I say a word you tell me what it means," The word "nerve" comes early in this test. Although it is understood that to de fine the physical organism is a matter for the adult mind, it has found that the normal child of eight years will answer with, "You've got a nerve," or something similar which is scored as a normal re action. Another test is known as "Detecting Absurdities." Here the examiner may say, "Yesterday the police found the body of a girl cut into 18 pieces. They believe she killed herself." The sub-normal, the defective or "moron" will probably react with this exclamation: "Think she killed herself! They know she did!" Or it may be, "She was a foolish girl to kill herself. No girl would do that unless she was crazy." Where do the defective come from? Are they just accidents of birth? The answer to this question is best illustrated in the story of the Kallakaks. About 1770 Martin Kallakak, a young man of good family who was serving in George Washington's army, met a feeble-minded girl and became the father of a feeble-minded son. Later he married a normal woman. The history of the two families that go back to Martin Kallakak have been accurately traced. The feeble-minded woman had 480 descendants, most of whom have been paupers, criminals, immoral women and drunkards. The normal woman had about an equal number of descendants, all of whom attained to positions of public eminence. Given a chance, however, the moron often becomes a useful mem ber of society. Sometimes he displays a rare aptitude for the simpler branches of mechanics. Usually it is something manual although cases have been known of mental defectives who displayed rare talents with palette and brush. Turkish women are taking to modified athletics in an increasing degree, says an Associated Press letter from Constantinople. Now who'll say the world don't move forward. Two Constantinople girls took a 35-mile walk and covered the distance in four hours. Turkish maids are not so slow after all. a n If the framing of the draft law had been half as troublesome to con gress as is the passing of bonus legislation the United States would not have had any men "over there" by this time. tt 8 Russia is a demonstration of the fact that the words "red" and "rosy" are not synonyms. It is denied however that a Russian Red turns white by comparison when he blushes, or don't they blush? tt tt 8 j One of the recent Paris fashions is reported to be a wrist pendant which I gives a perfectly glorious opportunity to display a beautiful wrist. Even if the j wrist isn't beautiful the girls will like the pendants. 8 8 u a Now it is Inquired what became of all the feminine "crowning glory" when bobbing came into fashion. No striking declines in the prices of, switches and other accessories to the coifure have been reported. But the ' girls, themselves, know and there really are some secrets they can keep. 8 8 8 8 It may be good business to "put up a good front," but carried to the ex treme of wilfull deceit it becomes a fault instead of a virtue. - 8 8 8 8 Here's one from the Remington, Va., Booster which is applicable to many communities: The poor editor is holding his head. A merchant has just been in and told him to raisell with the mail-order houses. The mer chant does not believe in advertising, and uses stationery furnish ed by an axle grease concern. -No wonder the poor editor is holding his head. 8 8 8 8 It has been remarked that it is strange that when a special law enforce ment officer is named news of his appointment is broadcast so offenders may be ready for him. Nothing at all strange about it, the public wants to know and so is informed. is there for all except the physically or mentally helpless and to that class to a limited extent if they seek it. , Opportunity is said to knock at least once at each man's door and here the word chance" is used as a synonym of opportunity. Chance, however, is something for each person to go after, to seek and to capture. He who waits for opportunity to come a knocking at the door may waste much valuable time. Two brothers are left fatherless while still in schpol. One takes the first place that offers itself to earn a living, the other brother works at what he can find to do in odd hours and finishes his school course, may even continue his struggle on through college or some institution for technical training. Twenty years later the boy who dug on persistently and with a purpose is something of a figure in the world, the other is in the day laborer class and whines that he never had a chance. How about the brother who is a success? lie had no chance either or no greater chance than the one who failed until he made the chance. In this life there is an immense quantity of raw material wait ing to be manufactured into chances. The wool on the back of the sheep does notJ turn itself into a suit of clothes for some man to wear. Some one has to shear the sheep, treat the wool and weave it into cloth, cut the cloth and make it into the suit. Some one has to take the raw material that abounds everywhere from which chances can be made and turn it into the finished article. A thousand examples might be found of men who had no chance until they made one for themselves and the thousands Avho have not sought to make or find their chances. Race or creed may prove a handicap, but to the man or woman of will and determination such handicaps are not insurmountable. Numerous instances can be found where men have had their all taken from them by some misfortune but have made for themselves an other success in life. They make their chance and so may any one except the "whiner." Such sport as was offered in the Kamehameha Day season on Maui in baseball games and at the swimming meet redounds to the credit of the performers, the promoters of sport and the community itself. It was a hastily arranged program but it was carried out magnificiently. The school year is drawing to a close and the children are look ing forward to weeks of freedom from study. Before the vacation season is over, however, many of them will be counting the days before getting back to their books. When a former brewer objects to liquor being served on Ameri can ships outside the three mile limit, there is every indication that his solicitude for the enforcement of the Volstead Act and the Eighteenth amendment is not actuated purely from unselfish Americanism. Two American born boys of Japanese parentage living on Kauai have shown their Americanism, according to reports from that Is land. They were told to report for military duty for Japan and they politely declined, standing on their rights as American born and disclaiming anything that savored of duality in their citizenship. Only two weeks remain to make ready to "Make Happy." Once more the ability of the county to do certain work under the supervision of the county engineer at lower cost than could priv ate contractors has been demonstrated, this time in the case of Ma kapipi Bridge. The county saved about 40 percent on the eon tract offer. Its lower costs are made possible by lower overhead ex penses, there being no necessity for a bond, for the carrying of in dustrial insurance and the element of profit is eliminated. THE MAN AND HIS CHANCE Often it is said of a man who has made a failure in life or Mho has not made the success of it that he might that he had no chance and, generally, a poorer excuse could not be offered for the chance THE FINANCIAL OUTLOOK The demand throughout the mainland for high grade Invest ment securities, which has developed as a result of the gradual lowering of interest rates, exhibits no signs of slackening. As a result, bond prices are steadily advancing and it appears that the time is rapidly drawing 'near when the opportunity to pur chase high grade investment securities at prices which yield liberal returns will have passed not to return, in all probability for many years. It will soon be true that the Investor who had foresight to accumulate conservative investment securities at present prices will be in a position to point with pride to the wisdom of his judgment. WATERH0USE TRUST CO., LTD. HONOLULU. The Ability To Pay depends upon the Companies whose financial and moral standing guarantees the reliability of their in surance contracts, both under ordinary conditions and in settling claims which have arisen in conflag rations. Why Stand In Jeopardy? We represent leading companies of the world. C. Brewer & Company (Limited) (Insurance Department) P. O. Box 347 : : Honolulu, T. H. f 1 WHAT ARE YOU WORTH to your family today? If you should die, what have you to leave them? Are you playing fair with them? INSURANCE IS AN INVESTMENT .Talk to us about that policy you have always intended to take out. The Baldwin Bank, Ltd. Kahului Insurance Department Wailuku $7.50 JUNE RUG SALE This is our annual rug sale. No better values are ever offer ed during the year than at this sale. A wonderful chance to furnish well at small cost. LENOX, 8x10, Crex type, in green and blue, formerly in $10, at Other sizes in proportion. PABCOLIN AT 10 DISCOUNT A 6x9 bathroom size will cost $4.80, freight included. An 8 x 10 kitchen size will cost about $7.20, freight included. Linoleums at 10 discount from prices which range from $2.25 to $4.75. CONGOLEUM SEAL BUGS AT 20 LESS On all prices quoted we pay the freight. LEWERS & COOKE, LTD. Lumber and Building Materials, Honolulu ELECTRIC WIRING, REPAIRING Neat Work The product of many years experience. Estimates gladly furnished Reasonable Prices. SAM MAH0E WAIILUKU PHONE 122-A MAUI WIRELESS Fast Accurate Inter-Island Service RATES: Ordinary Rush Per Word Double Rush Per Word Code Night Letter Each Addition Word Steamer Messages Per Word $ .15 .30 Per Word .25 (First 24 words) 1.00 .04 .18 Messages Accepted for all Parts of the World Rates on Application MUTUAL TELEPHONE CO., WIRELESS, DEPT. WAILUKU Office Hours: 8 A. M. to 12:30 P. M., 1:30 P. M. to 6:30 P. M., Sunday 8 A. M. to 10 A. M. Phone: Lahalna 12-A, Wailuku 300 TIME SIGNALS RECEIVED DAILY Paia Mercantile Co. GENERAL MERCHANDISE Groceries, Cigars, Refreshments Lower Paia, Maui. S. MAKINO HARNESS AND SHOEMAKER Latest model Landis' Stitching Machine. We repair Shoes While You Wait Market St. Wailuku, Maul R. SHIBANO STORE Japanese Silks, Dry Goods, and Toilet articles. Kimonos made to order. Phone 40-B P. O. Box 32 Market St. Wailuku Y. MATSUSHIMA Carpenter and Cabinet Maker Alterations and additions made. Vineyard St. Wailuku, Maul PHOTO STUDIOS A. Kutsunal, Kahului Kodak Developing and Printing Enlarging Formerly S. S. Kobayashl Store N. Kutsunal, Lahaina Clothes left with us ror more than three months and not called for will be burned or otherwise destroyed. Customers who change their ad dress will please let us know. KATO CLOTHES CLEANING 8HOP Wailuku. Maui.