Newspaper Page Text
SEMI-WEEKLY MAUI NEWS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10,1922.
TH&HK Wailuku Sugai Company Wniluku Sugar Company was able practically to hold up Its production to the level of 1919-20 during the past two years of labor shortage and the drought of last year which means that under normal conditions the company would, after years of strug gles against untoward mishaps have practically reached the peak of its banner year, 1909, when a crop .of 19, 177 tons was bagged. The Iao Valley flood of 1915 gave it the chief set back from which it had to recover and on top of that came terrible droughts so that 1918 was its small est crop in many a year, 10.271 tons. In 1919 2o it recovered and increas ed its previous year's crop about 50 percent and in 1920-21, despite labor shortage It bagged 15.513 tons. This year with labor shortage to contend with and a late plant, deficient suc rose content from last year's drought. II still produced 1 4.1 RS tons on a cur-j limeu acreage uuuei ruiuvHiiiin. Areas were allowed to lie fallow rather than to attempt to partially cultivate them with un inadequate labor supply. Fine Organization Manager Penhallow has worked efficiently, perfected an organization of which he might well be proud and is bringing the plantation up steadily. His organization has showed within the last year when several depart ment heads, including the assistant manager were drafted to other plan tations and he was able to fill their places "from the ranks," from the men he had trained previously. The company has at the same time gone in for diversified agriculture and dairy farming for the benefit of its employes, lias established dispen saries and nursing cottages and places for the caring of children and done much for the improving of the living conditions of workers in its camps. Early History As far back as 97 years ago a Chinese named Hongtai is said to have made sugar at Wailuku and about that time or a little later a Spaniard named Catalina was making syrup at Waikapu. From then on vari ous small mills of more or less primi tive types were put up and used by different persons until in 1862 a steam mill was put up and operated by James Louzada and Harry Cornwell and about a year later the Wailuku Sugar Company put in a water power mill and another water power mill, the Lewers, at Waihee was installed about the same time. In 1875 the Wailuku company was incorporated and the Baileys were bought out a little later. Waikapu Sugar Company was purchased in 1894 and later the Waihee company. Next the milling operations were cen tralized at Wailuku and steadily, al most ever since, this Brewer & Co., plantation has bettered its plant and its fields. Betterments to the mill and ma chinery have slowed down with the universal system of economy adopted by the plantations or the Islands with the decline in the price of sugar but In other respects the progress is unchecked. Ditch Lining The method of concrete slab ditch lining at Wailuku was originated by H. B. Penhallow. In 1917 a problem of lining one of the Wailuku Sugar Company's main ditches with concrete was solved by using pre cast concrete slabs of suit able dimensions for handling. The chief advantage or this method was that it made It possible to keep the water flowing in the ditch most of the time, during the progress or the work, which was a necessity as the ditch was one or the main supply ditches and had to be kept in opera tion. Since that time over three miles or a sixty-five million gallon diteli have been successfully lined by this method at. a cost no greater for concrete work than if it had been done as a part of original construc tion, as the concrete lining by the slab method could also be kept at a uniform quantity per lineal foot of ditch. The form or slab used has a loose fitting tongue and groove Joint to allow room for closing with cement plaster. The slabs were cast on plat lorm moulds outside the ditch and later set In place In the flowing ditch, every second slab being supported by braces against the side of the dlicii and WuK a concrete brace extending across the top or the ditch. When several hundred reet of slabs were in place, the ditch was shut off rot ten or twelve hours, the joints plast ered and the bottom poured in place for that distance . The space behind (he slabs was filled with tamped earth. No special expansion Joints have been round necessary. Concrete lining allowed the use or a smaller cross section than the ori ginal dirt ditch, and speeded up the flow of water in addition to prevent ing seepage loss. Considerable progress has been made at Wailuku, in cooperation with the H. S. P. A. Experiment Station botli in developing seedlings of a superior quality and In seed selection from varieties already established. In 1917 some ten thousand seedlings principally or Lahaina and H-109, were developed by Mr. J. T. Moir, Jr., and planted for observation. From these, through the process of caretul selection which started the following year, we now have several which ap pear to excel H-109, and are planted in test plats in comparison with H-109 to determine that definitely. We also have extended a few of these seedlings in larger plats to be used for seed for further planting and will have mature cane to be ground this coming season which will add fur ther to our knowledge of them. The original seedlings have been ratooned and continued for observa tion and purposes of comparison, as well as the various plats set out from the selected ones. In the more recent selection we took only those which yielded at the rate of one hun dred tons of cane or better to the acre, and also had an acceptable the invisib: THAT UNITES HAWAII NEI COMMERCIALLY and makes possible the speedy and satisfactory transaction of business between the various islands and with the marts of the Mainland is The Wireless which gives fast and accurate service between Maui, Honolulu, Molokai, Hawaii and Kauai. Messages accepted to all parts of the world. v The Mutual Teleohone Co quality ratio. Considerable stress was also given to the ralooning quali ties which we were able to follow up through our various plats, whicn we now have up to third ratoons. Forty-eight seedlings have been num bered by the Experiment Station as Wailuku No. 1, Wailuku No. 2, etc., for convenience In keeping records, as our seedlings have been planted In other localities, and are being grown for comparison with other canes. A good many of these will eventually go Into the discard, but the few which I believe will prove worth extending further will well re pay all concerned Tor the work and care that has been required Tor their development. Several hundred more seedlings were developed in 1920, but It is too early to have anything definite to re port concerning them. Seed selection work in H-109 was started here in July 1920 by Mr. W. (I. Moir. This will have been report ed on in detail and published in the "Record" prior to the meeting or the association, but in general we have several plats or carefully selected cane, chiefly or H-109. and some La haina. D-1135 Striped Mexican and Yellow Caledonia. Through the process or resetcefi.on and additions, we now have sufficient selected cane planted to give us seed Tor our proposed plant for next sea. son. The entire area looks very promising. This year we put in sixty six acres of Lahaina from selected seed and have an unusually good stand of that cane. A more careful selection of all seed was made this year and we believe will be of considerable value in a general way toward producing better cane. This broad selection of seed should give better material to work in for more Intensive selection, there by increasing the amount of better cane available for planting. Planting experiments have been put in over, experiments have been put in over f accurate results, relating to spacing of seed and specially prepared seed. Roster of plantation force: H. B. Penhallow, manager. J. A. (Jibb, assistant manager. Edwin Soper, overseer, Waihee divi sion. A. C. Peacock, overseeer, Wailuku division. Frank L. Hoogs, overseer, Waikapu division. George N. Weight, accountant and cashier. Pak 11. Wong, assistant bookkeeper. Samuel Alo, statistian. Leilani M. Weight, stenographer. K. K. Kam, warehouse foreman. J. S. Leval, timekeeper. J. M. Johnson, mill engineer. Douglas Stewart, assistant mill en gineer. Chas. P. Bento, sugar boiler. David Kinney, assistant sugar boil er. Joseph Federcell, chemist. Harry S. Kaya, assistant chemist. Joseph Smith, machinist Antone Aveira, railroad foreman. " G. A. Hansen, steam plow foreman. M. S. Leval, stable foreman. Wm. R. Bartels, surveyor. E. D. Baldwin, special surveying. (Continued on Page 4.) WIRELESS DEPARTMENT HONOLULU, MAUI, HAWAII, MOLOKAI, KAUAI V VK 4Xsim "-hue e "V Wtti.. . f- ,C . The Gregg Company, Ltd. 728 ALAKEA ST. HONOLULU NEW YORK (L. PLANTATION RAILVAY EQUIPMENT E. W. FAHLGREN Repres. I.JL le Link I lift : v..-'-. -T ..'mm i.p m iii .an P. O. BOX 3344 r i 1 1 3;S&