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Washington telegraph. [volume] (Washington, Ark.) 1839-1871, February 17, 1864, Image 1

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WaffliGTOS WMICTBM
VOL. IIIV.
HeaDquatebs Trans-Miss. Dept. 1
Shreveport, La., Jan. 13, 1864. f
GENERA.L ORDERS, No. 3.
1 ALL autho'ity to raise new organizations,
B from men liable to conscription in this De
partment, not within the enemy’s lines, will
expire on the fifteenth February, 1864.
These commands must be assembled imme
diately, and all men absent from, and claiming
to belong to them after the fifteenth of Febru
ary next, will be arrested by the enrolling offi
cers as conscripts, and sent to the camp of in
struction.
All officers who have received such authori
ty must forward, on or before the fifteenth
of Feoruary next, muster rolls of the men re
cruited by them, whether the organisation is
complete or not.
11. In accordance with orders from the War
Department at Richmond, Major J Horace
Lacy is announced as Chief Inspector of Field
Transportation in the Trans-Mississippi De
partment.
By command of
Lieut.-Geu. E. Kirby Smith.
8. 8. ANDERSON.
2:3w Ass’t Adj’t Gen.
HbaDquabters Trans-Miss. Dept. I
Shrevsport, La., Jan. 11, 1864. J
GENERAL ORDERS No. 2.
THE attention of the Department Command
er has been called to the number of desert
ers, wbo are reported to be crossing the Mis
sissippi into this Department. They are ap
pealed to, to return to their commands with
out delay.
District Commanders and Enrolling Officers
will take steps to arrest a-d send to their
commands all officersand men who have come
into, and remained in, this Department without ,
lawful military authority ainoe ths fall of
Vicksburg.
Bv command of
Lieut.-Gen. E. Kirby Smith.
S. S. ANDERSON,
?. j w Ass’t Adj’t General.
HEAD-QRS. TRANS-MISS. DEPT., t
SMRsrtroKT, La., Jan. 15, 1864. >
[Extract.]
SPECIAL ORDERS No. 11.
XII In accordance with instructions from
the War Department at Richmond- Vs., the
following nine 1 officers will rejoin their com
mands East of the Mississippi without delay:
2d Lieut Wm. Wilkins, Co. F, 2d Ark. Vols.
Capt W. E. Johnson, Co. D, “ ’*
2d Lieut W, W. Williams, Ce. K, ■ “ “
3d Lieut J. G. Anderson, Co. C. “ “
Ist Lieut Jacob Foster, Co. A, >5 th Ark. Vols.
Capt W. W. Thompson, Co. B, “ “
Capt 3. W. Jackson, Co. Co. “
21 Lieut Vs. T. Washington, Co. E, “ "
3d Lieut C. Mobley, Co. G, " “
Capt W. A. Cotter, Co. H, *' “
2d Lieut W. T. Ferguson, Co. I, “ “
Major J. B. McCulloch, 4th Ark.-
2d Lieut M. J. Coughran, Co. H, “ “
2d Lieut J. W. EHrin*. Co. C, “ “
Ist Lieut E. McLaughlin, Co. A, ‘ Battahow.
Ist Lieut J. H. Dodson, ' “ “
2d Lieut A. M. Tenison, Co C. “ “
2d Lieut John C. Hill, Co. C, Ist Ark. •■
2d Lieut T. J. Yarbrough, Co. D, “ “
Ist Lieut W. J. Wasson, Co. E, “ “
2d Lieut Jas. Roper, Co. F, “ “
id Lieut W. D. Kittle, Co. F, “ “
3d Lieut R. F. Baldwin, Co. F, “ “
2d Lieut B. J. Benefield, Co. I, “ ’*
3d Lieut Sam. J. McGotfiu, Co. F, “ *•
Capt J. W. Clark, Co. A, 31at Ark. “
Capt. J. Jocoway, Co. K, “ "
Lieut J. C Hol leu, Co. A,
21 Lieut Chas. Sims. Co. E,
By command of
Lieut.-Gen. E- Kirby Smith,
S. S. ANDERSON,
Ass’t Adj’t General.
Feb. 3, 1864. 2-3 w
Centedcrate States Tax—Notice
to Tax-Payers-
ALL PERSONS liable to Taxation under the
provisions of the law of Congress, approved
April 24th. 1863. are hereby notified to come
forward at the times and places hereinafter men
tioned, and file proper lists of all property sul>-
jcot to taxation, so that the same may be prop-,
erly assessed. All professional men. merchants
mechanics ami others, will be required to furnish
the undersigned with lists of the amounts of mo
ney, notes and oth-r credits on whicn the inter
est’has not been paid, on hand or on deposit on
the Ist of July. 1863, all incomes, profits id any
business of every description, and all produce
of farms and plantations, which lists must be
sworn to by the parties making the same. (A.
correct list of all notes and credits will be re
quircd, exhibiting names, datesand amounts.)
I will attend at—
Bois d’Arc Township, at Fulton, on Monday.
Feb. Bth;
Saline Township, at Columbus, on Monday,
February 15th ;
Mine Creek Township, at Nashville, on Mon
day. F . 22d:
Ozan Township, at Washington, on Monday,
Feb. 29 th, 1864. ..... , ,
Only that part of O«an Township is included
lying west of a north and south lin* passing the
east boundary of the town of Washington.
All persons are required to give prompt at
tention to this notice, as I am positively instruct
ed to enforce the penalty of Docblb Taxation
in all caaes of neglect or refusal.
J. R. GRATIOT,
Ansevsor Confederate Tax,
2-3 w Hempstead County, Ark.
To the Ladies.
A LADY has a very handsome piece of straw
colored Tarletan. suitable for an evening
eress, which she wishes to exchange for a
Calico or Homespun piece—pattern for pattern.
She has also a handsome Satin Mantle, which
•he would exchange for home-male goods.
Enquire of the editor.
Y*ahi*£ton. Jwawary 13, 18«4.
WASHINGTON, ARKANSAS, FEBRUARY 17, 1864.
A Northern View.—The assurance which,
from the beginning, we have felt, that the end of
this war is to follow Northern bankruptcy—that
we would literally wear them nt by resistauce,
has never faltered.
Seme of our friends, of that class who were
inclined to admit heretofore the No: them claims
to superiority in wealth, intelligence and enter
prize, have smiled at the thought Many good
people hoped it to be true, but scarcely believed
it—so stubborn is early prejudice. We bad re
ceived everything from.the North. We did hom
age with our faces tv the North. Gradually, the
fact begins to be manifest, and is clearly recog
nized by the. profoundest thinkers, in whom we
cannot suspest that •* the wish is father to the
thought.”
The name of Cobden is amongst the great
est of British financiers. His’sympathies are
altogether against us. He has apprehended
the true condition of affairs in the little pro
gress the North has yet made with all its vast
expenditure. He has seen the handwriting on
the wall, and reads it reluctantly. We publish
ed his views last week.
We have before us now an article from the
“Metropolitan Record,” a paper published in
New York. Its date is Jan. 2d 1864.
We have never been able to express our
views so clearly as this Northern man has
done. We give some extracts:
« • « • •
I. It is estimated that at least eight hun
dred thousand men of the million and a half
that have at different times constitute ! the ar
mies of the Union, are now dead, or placed |
••hors de combat,” through the casualties of I
battle or the diseases incident to camp life.— i
The force now in the field is liberally estima- i
ted at four hundred thousand men, while a I
large portion who have volnnteerel, or were
forced into the ranks by conscription, have de ,
serted or taken np their abode tn unknown
parts. The last conscription, aided by boun- '
ties exceeding those ever paid by any govern- >
ment, added about fifty thousand men to the '
Union forces—that is, about one-sixth of the ;
number called for by the government was rais
ed for the work of subjugation. Now. as a
force of four hundred thousand men is inade
quate to the overthrow of the Southern Confed- ]
eracy, which is defiant, still powerful, after a :
three years’ war of the most sanguinary char- |
ncter, where are we to raise the armies neces- '
; sary for the completion of such a gigantic un
dertaking as the conquest of the South? Con
gress is trying to devise means fer the in
crease of the Northern armies: three hundred
thousand more men are to be drafted, and this
time, we presume, about thirty thousand will
be squeezed ont of an unwilling and discon
tented population. Bounties are to be in
creased still more, and it would not surprise
us to hear of as much as a thousand dillnra
being offered for each recruit; but even that
will not do. The North may not be exhausted,
but its patience is wearied, tired out, the war
enthusiasm can never more be rev ved, and the ,
struggle so far as the North is concerned, can ,
hardly be protracted another year withont,
bringing bankruptcy and probably anarchy up .
on the country.
11. It may be urged in objection to the
foregoing statement, that we have already se
riouslv circumscribed the b undaries of the |
Confederacy; that we have very materially ex
hausted its resources; that m -ny of the sece
ded States are occupied by Northern forces,
ami all hopes of recognition by foreign powers
having prove ! futile, there is no possible pros
pect of its success. This is, we think, about I
as forcible a presentation of the case as can be ;
made npon the part of the North without going '
into details. Let us see how it stands the test.
We will grant that the apparent material al
vantages are against the South and with its ,
antagonist; but are they such as to warrant
the belief that it has really accomplished any
thing towards the overthrow of the Confedera
cy. Look at the results, and judge. The ar
my of the Potomac has fieeri kept at bay for
nearly three years, while the Confederate cap
ital remains in tact. Vicksburg ami Port Hud
son have fallen, but there is no commerce on
the Mississippi, that river being pretty effec
tively blockaded by the well organized bands
lof guerillas that command its banks. Charles
! ton still holds out, and the fact can no longer
' be concealed that the Mo litors are a total fail
' ure. having been characterized by experienced
naval men as “floating coffins,” more danger
ous to thoeo within than to the enemy without.
In Tennessee, in Mississippi, in Louisiana, in
a word wherever our armies have penetrated
they have found the majority of the people ei
ther openly hostile or secretly and bitterly un- i
friendiv to the Union Maryland and Dela
ware, and Missouri, and Kentucky, are only
kept down by armies of occupation, and the
people, or a majority of them, are deprived of
the rights of citizcnsh p unless they take an
oath pledging themselves to sustain the infa
mous policy of the Administration. The fail
ure o*f the campaign in Texas is pretty gene
rally admitted, while Federal rule on the Mis
sissippi is vigorously disputed a few wiles
above New Orleans.
111. So much for the prospects of over
throwing the power of the South, which it
must be allowed, are not of the most encoura
ging character. Does the policy of the Ad
ministration bear a more hopeful aspect when
considered in its influence upon the Southern
mind? Let the facts answer. The war is eon
ducted in the interests of abolitionism. Is
that fact calculated to revive the Union feeling
among the Southern people? That people are
■ow being plundered of their property under
the operation of an unconstitutional Uw called
the Confiscation Act. Will that remove their
antipathies to polit cal fellowship with the
North. The purpose is openly avowed by the
Administration to give power to one tenth the
voters in each of the seceded States in its pos
session or that may come into its possession,
io m di’fv or alter the organna ion of its gov
ernment. If the Southerners are the men
thev have hitherto pt ved themselves the
North will have a pretty difficult task betore it
in the execution of this measure. It would ap-
pear from this policy ‘hat the Adniini-tration
is not only making war upon the Southron ar
mies, but that it is making War upon the
Southern mind, upon Southern fecli igsasw 1!
as interests; that, in fact, it is doing all it can
to consolidate and strengthen the whole power
of the “South, mental as well ns physical, in
deadly antagonism against, not only the Ad
ministration, but that portion of th- country
which it is supposed to represent. If any one
can see in these Gets ground- i'or h--pe of a re
cons’meted Republic, then lie uiu t be euuow
ed with a most sanguine temper ament
IV. The amount of debt created by the war
up to the present time is estimated at about
three thousand millions of dollars, and as Mr.
Lincoln will probably, to make use of his own
eloquent language, be obliged to “keep peg
ging away” for the remainder of bis sffiei >i
term, it will, in all likelihood, be increased to
between faur and five thousand millions. Now
astonishing as it way appear, this suui repre
sents the value of one halt tbo real aud person
al estate in what are ca’led the “loyal” por
tions of the country- Thus, m the b. tefspace of
sou- years, the Administration will have actually
squandered one hulf of the property of the loyal
Slot s H-w the taxes upon thia amount are
to be paid it is difficult to discover, »« serious
ly doubt if even Mr. Chase’s financial abilities
are equal to the solution of the problem We
are aware that the rapid growth of the country
is regard d as -wfiicieut f<»r a’d present o>vi fu
ture demands. But, let us ask, can it bear the
expenses of an army ot subjugation and occu
pation amounting to half a million of men?—
Will the West be sati-fied to remain in a Union
in whic i it is taxed for the supp rt of Eastern
manufactures? The pro-p--et does not look so
promising as those sa ,gui <e aud we may -ay,
sanguinary advocates of the war policy • >u. 1
have its believe. We can sue nothing to justi
fy such expectatioi s; to ns the future appears
only pregnant with financial dii-asier and ruin.
V- The condition ot affairs at Wasuingtou
cei tainly does not watrant the hopeful tone and
mann r in which the war politicians speak of
reconstruction. The policy of the A im.nisrra
tion is the policy of fanaticism; it is inspired
by th' very spirit of discord itself. The Pros
idem and his advisers are destruct-ve»; it is
their nature to pull d wn, to destroy, not to
build <r construct. The party to which they
bolong was from its very inception inimical to
the Union and the Constitution; its purpose
was to rue or ruin, and that it hae succeede 1
in its purpo -e the proseut oundition of tne
country iffords the most irrefragible testimo
ny. Are we, then, to look to the Admin.stra
tion for release from the dire afflictions with
which th- country is beset? Let its persis
tence in the insane course it Las pursued since
the beginning answer. Sufficient has leaked
out in the reports of the departments to prove
that there is as little union existing in the Cab
inet as there is between the Norm and S.nxth.
If Gen. Halleck’s r< p >rt of the war can be re
lied upon, there is ne.rijcr head nor tail to the
comma d of the army, for it appears that Mr. 1
Lincoln aspires to be tne actual as well ns the
nominal Commander-iu-Chief. Under such
circumstances, even a co-.fined military despo
tism is impossible, f>r the edifice which the
Administration has built up f r itself out • f
the br ken fragments of constiiuttooal free
dom is already tottering t>> its fail. tUrea’nicg
to bury • ene.itb it those “architects o> rum.’
VI. Th. indifference and apa’hj >f the peo
ple prove that the war enthusiasm is utterly
exhausted, and must satisfy every impartial |
mind that it is the backb me of the w-.r which
is broken and Dot that of the Rebellion. ibr ;
Norther i people are by this toue s»ti fie f that
the conquest of tbe South is an iiupi lutieablv ■
undertaking, that further wfiste ot bioo I
or treasure is a useless and criminal expendi
ture. It is the height of folly to urge in re- j
ply that tne South is tired of ’he war. What
can the Southern people do but fight? With
them it is a war of self preset v.ition, * war a
gainst inva-ion confiscation, etnancipatiua, ;
and for independence and Bt>te rights. The
the object for which the
war is waged constitutes tne difference in the I
feeling between the two sections. The result i
depends largely, if not mainly, upon the in I
tensity of the feelin • with which the struggle
is continued on either side. In our estimatiuo
the advantage in this respect is very decided
ly in favor of the South and against the Nortu
Such are the circums'auces and eouditions in
which the warring sections find thorn-elves al
the beginning of the year i 864. The victories
of the North have been barren in tlioir results,
and v ill, we have no doubt, continue so to the
•nd. We may take possession of a portion of
the South, and hold it for a time; but we will
eventually bo compelled to leave it. We may
defeat one or two of the Southern armies m
battle, but we have not yet succeeded in win
ning back asttigle refractory State by a con
ciliatory policy What, then, have wc gained
by the war? A debt of thr- e thousand mil
lions, and the loss of eight bundled thousand
to the industrial ranks f the couuwy, the
overthrow of constitutional freedom, and a con
solidation of the power »f th* country into one
centralized despotism.
But this despotism can be of only temporary
duration, lor the material on which it relies lor
its co itinuance is pretty well nigh exhausted.
It has t-quandered in three years enough in
men and tneass to last even a mil tary p«wer
for nearly a whole generation It is therefore,
upon the wane, its day is nearly at an end;
and when the people enee more got tue power
into their own haudi, then woe to the author"
ofth.-ir calamities; it would, in the language
of one of our cotemporai les, “be better that
they had millstones hung about their necks,
and that they were cast to tne botto.u of the
sea.” '
jujjy- The St. Loin- IL nmerat of Friday. 15th
ulf. says: “Col. A. Cummings, 19th Pennsyl
vania cavalry, passed through the city vest r-
route for Liitl. Rock, Ark., clothed with
authority from the War D ■parnneut to organize
regiments of colored tioup* ia Axkauaak »ud
Texas-
Fbom East TkvnMsbb —Richmond, Jan.
20 —Gen. Longstreet Is represented as being
a'l right. If he desires to fall back his lines
ar* all open, without fear of obstruction. His
movimcnts, however, indicate rather a pur
pose to advance At all even’s be is in no
hnrrv. He has an abundnne- of supplies, and
is determined to give the Unionists of that
country a touch of the treatment the secession
ists received whin visited by the YsiiKees.
Russellville, Jan. 18.—We have no tele
graphic communication eastward since the I3th
ult , in c< nsequeuce of the line having been
cut by a Yankee operator near Jonesboro.
A gentleman wbo left Knoxville Tuesday,
gave interesting news from that city. 8nml!
pox was laging terribly among the Yankee*
and negroes, there being six hundred eases in
the city. In c-nsequence of this, aud the
scarcity of forage, the enemy bad moved up
to Strawbe ry p’aius, leaving a garrison of
six hundred men.
Our troops moved forward on the 14th ult.,
for the purpose of driving tLa euetny from the
branch road a’d river in «a»t TenueMe*.
They met them io Chucky river ou Sat urday,
the enemy making a feeble reaistanoe aud re
turning ou Dandridge. They were pureued
by our troops.
Russellville, Jan. 19.—The federal* removed
•eve*ty-five wounded from Dandridge, retreat
ing towards Knoxville. Our envairy th pidlp
and closely pursued.
Lt.-CM. Blakely of the cavalry was weuaded;
Col. Clark of Hampton’s Legioa killed; Lieut.
Fouche, A. D. C. to Gen. G. G. Anderson, badly
wounded.
Russellville, Jan. 20.—Maj Day Racket’s
legion a force of th* enemy one hun
dred end fifty str'-Bg at Big spring, near Tana
well yesterday, w th one hundred men killing
and w unding six snd capturing three lieuten
ants, sixty four men, seventy horses, six
wagons, teams, ambulances, and fifty stand of
arms. It is reported on good authority thnt
the enemy have crossed the rivnr at Straw berry
plains, our cavalry still pursuing them.
Brig.-G*n. Vanca, who had □•JerUktn al
expedition to Summerville ‘mm Norib Caro
lina. is reported here to hav* been captured,
together with fifty of his men at that p.r<«e.
Russelville, Jan. 26, via Richmond, Jan. 27.
—Advices from the front era very «tfO-urag
ing. Our cavalry were within foie atile* es
Knoxville, an I have captured fi»* hundred beef
cattle, one hundred wagons, and a Inrg* amount
of property.
-■ H ■ ■ " , - ,
LoxGSTitecT’s Positiom.—The following
fr-m the Chicago Times is of interest upon this
point:
••In his front are th* Clinch mountains, end
protectihg bis flank" are the NcHiebuck an i
Holston rivers—making his position, n atur
ally, one of immense strength, «nl on- which
can be materially added to by fortifications.
As e means of sub istencfr. the rrbvls h ■ ve it
their rear, and upon their flanks, ninecowntiou
in Ea.-t Tennes«en, whose area is larger thna
some of the States ou the All >ntic *>»nst.
••Glancing at any good m >p. it will be «e»u
tl at Longstreet's position is not only 6 atroug
on* as regards supplies an 1 natural ds’vacec,
hut that it menace" Knoxville, and ’h* key t*
Ke-itu by at Cumbarland Gap. I’h-ib thia
position be hrs in his rear a direct eonn-cti -a
with Richmond, while tie oh <•« the F>d*ral
forces whieb are at K'.obvil » t- transport
their supplies by the lung «n I ledi-itl" rout* of
Ne-hville, Chat*an» "ga BnJ tne r*'in*»"*e
Riv> r—a distance from Lon sville of ne*rly or
quite 560 mile" His position in East f»n
--n-ss-e is superior t > ours. He is nearer hi*
base oi operations; can supply bimse.f mor*
readily than we. aud can be r nforced, in case
of nece-sity, much more easily than cau our
forces nt Knoxville.
“Occupying thi* position, wbos* "upeiiority
gives him a great advantage, and having latelj
been strengthened by detachments from L-e
and Johuston's arima", it is more thin probs "I*
’hat lia purposes to re-nine the offensive. That
such is the case may be inferred from th* faet
thnt h ; s pickets are now within thirty in le*. at
Biaiuß’s cross roads, of Knoxville. His cav
alry is evidently al*o feelin* the r-.ad" in that
d.rection. f>r our Ist- -( iot»lli«- Me BbßWn that
a sharp fight bad occurred uetwees Federal
and reb. I cavalry at Strawberry Plain*—a
point on the Richmond and Knoxvil e raiir ad,
distant nuly some tnenty-tive mil** from the
l itter place.
•-The chief conclusion t> be drawn from thi*
combination of affair* is, that wc are far from
having eitb r undisturbed or permanent pos
ses-ion of East Tennessee. Il al*o indicate*
taken in connection with the lat* rebel de
monstrations in the Shenandoah valley, in
West Tennessee, on our line cf communication
to the rear of and along our front at Chatta
nooga—that. under cover of these movement*,
the Confederate authorities have added heavily
to Longstreet’s force, with a view to offensive
operation*. Experience had *hown him that,
upon raising the siege of Knoxville, he bad a
8 fliciciit torse for defensive operations. An
ad ition to this force must indicate a chang*
of tactics —a resumption of the offensive.
From tiik Gulf coast —Mobil* Thrvatbb
ei> —Pascagouia, Jan. 20.—Th* *uemy’sjrevei!"
Ie and also his discharge of tnusquetry «b the
west of Horn island was distinctly heard her*
this mor ng.
I'wo gun boats are in sight of Petit Bois ie
lai-d.
On the 10th ult., a for* “and alt schooner
supposed to be a bio kaderuaner. was seen
be-ting up th* *ouu<i from to* eastward, but
owing to a violent »i id, came o anchorag*
and was capture I by lhe gunboat' l .
Bev*ral discharge* of heavy ordaan** WM
heard in south-westerly direction.
A corr 'spondent of the St. Louis Demo
crat says that in Washtugtou cou.'ty, Aik. the
d I gates » ill'- c<i'iV'- ’ ou at Lirile Kock w re
elected by nearly uue-twcuUeth of Um Freaideu»
. tiai vvto ui M*<
NO. 4.

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