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Washington telegraph. [volume] (Washington, Ark.) 1839-1871, March 16, 1864, Image 1

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VOL. XXIV.
HEAD-QRS. TRANS-MISS. DEP’T., I
Shrkvefobt, La., Feb. 20, 1864. j
[Extract.]
SPECIAL ORDERS No. 42.
XVIH- The provisions of Paragraph 11.
General Orders No. 4, Current Series from De
partment Head Quarters, are modified so as to
permit persons in the District of Western
Louisiana, until the Ist of MARCH, 1864, to
enter the Louisiana State Gu ird, on first being
enrolled and then detailed for that service by
the Parish enrolling officer.
By command of
Lieut.-Gen. E. Kirby Smith.
S. S. ANDERSON.
6:3w Ass’t Adj’t Gen.
Headquarters Trans-Miss. Drpt. I
Shreveport, La., Feb. 18, 1864. J
GENERAL ORDERS No. 5.
NO IMPRESSMENT of property within the
Trans-Mississippi Department, will be
tjade without written authority from the De
partment Commander; the District Command
ers within their respective Districts, or the
Commanding Officer of an nrmy in the field.
In all cases of impressment, the authority |
must be shown by the parties impressing.
By command of
Lieut.-Gen. E. Kirby Smith.
S. S. ANDERSON,
6:4w Ass’t Adj’t General.
CIRCULAR.
llkaDQuarters Trass-Miss Dept. 1
Clothing Bureau. >
Shreveport, Ln., Feb. Bth. 1864. )
THE limited supply of clothing, camp and
garrison equipage on hand at any one time,
requires that sales to effieers be confined to
articles for their own personal use, and to gnrad
against impositions upon officers of the Qu.ir
termaster Department charged with such'sales
the following certificate will be required:
I certify, on honor, that I have this day pur I
chased of Quarter Master, C. S j
Army, the articles above specified; that they j
are tor my own personal use. That I am desti- i
tute of the articles mentioned, ami have not I
purchased them or any of them from the gov- i
ernment or any article that could be used in
lieu thereof, equal to a soldier’s allowance, as
prescribed by General Order, No. It'll, A. and
T. G. Command, of Department, dated, Rich- 1
mood, Va., December bth, 1862.
At the same time, the Quarter Master will j
furnish the officer to whom the articles are
sold, a certificate naming the articles and
amount of sales, which c< rtifiente shall be de
posited with the officer makiuggh- next sale, ;
wiio will, on such further sale, give the officer
a like certificate
[signed.) W. H HAYNES.
Maj and Qr. Master, C. &. Army,
Clothing Bureau, Trans-Miss Dept. |
Approved:
By order of Lt. Gen. E. Kirby Smith. j
(Signed) w. R Boggs, <
Brig. Gen , and Coief of Staff.
Office Chief of Quarter Master Bureau, ) j
Shreveport, La., Feb. Bth, 186.. (
Approved. Sales to officers will be disallow
ed and the offic r making the sale will be re- ,
quire i to account for Che property s<dd. unless i
the sate is in accordance with the terms ot i
this circular.
(Signed.) ’ L. W. O. BANNON, I
4_4w Lt. C<>l. Chief Qr. Jr. Bare an. ;
I'or Sale,
» HANDSOME R si ieiice about one mile '
A from the Court H.xi-e. There is n Dwel- j
ling House. (6 rooms.) Kitchen. Negro Cabins.
Smoke ami Well House, and other nocessary t
out-buildings. Splendi I well of water. A '
young Orchard of excel ent selections ~f fruit
Cribs, Stables an i L >ts. hi short, almost every
convenience that could oe es'red. Forty Acres |
of Land will be iuc'u led in the .-ale of tin I
Dwelling.
Title indisputable. Confederate money)
wanted in payment. Apply to
6 v ILLIAMS. I
Washington. Feb 27, 1-6 1.
M <» T ICE.
I EARNESTLY T'que-t those having Cotton
in the counties cf Hem tend. Lafayette and
Sevier, to come forward and sell it to .ue for
the Government.
Cotton is now our chief resource. I there
fore hope for the success of our cause that this
call will be responded to w th alacrity.
DAVID BLOCK.
Gen. Agent Produce Loan
for the State of Ark.
Washington, Feb. IS. 1864. 5-ts :
— |
MITICE.
FOR SALE —At the Government Wood Shop,
Twelve Superior LOOMS. ' i
They will be exchanged for Cloth —c'oth ami I
looms valued at old prices.
J. D. THOMA*.
Major & ManuCg Q M. D. A-
Washington. Ark.. Feb. -I, 1864. o-ts
W AS H INOTO N
FE JI AEE AC AI>EJI Y.
THE Spring Session of the Washington Fe
male Academy will commence on Monday. '
26th, 1864. under the superintendence of Mr-.
Field and Miss Brown. Rates of Tuition S4O
and SSO. Payment nt the end of each half
session. No deduction except in case of pro
tracted illness.
January 20, 1864. 52rtf
Hoqrs. Post Washington, Auk., [
February 15th, 1864. j
SPECIAL ORDER No. 16.
HEREAFTER all persons bringing letters
from the Federal lin?s to persons in the
country controlled by this Post, will bring
them to this office for examination, before de
livering them to the parties to whom they are
addressed. Any violation of this order will be
severely and promptly punished.
Bv order of J no. C. Peay, Maj. Com’dg Post.
4-6 t JAS. P. ERWIN, Post Adj’t.
CAM PS ONGS.
UST PUBLISHED, in Pamphlet form a
selection of Ballads for the camp. Sixteen
”ges, containing “Lorena,” “Do they Miss
tn# at Home,” “Twenty Years Ago.” an I other
popular ballads—l 3in all. Price, $1 per copy:
SlO per dozen, $75 per hundred.
Also, printed on slips, “The Southern Star,”
The Home-Spun Dress,” “Bingen, ' and the
“War Fever.” Price, 50 cents each, or the
’wir for sl.
ALMANACS .J 1564.
IfOORE’S TRANS-MISSISSIPPI ALMA-
N’AC. Only a few copies left. Price $1
Apply at the printing office, or address
C. L. SUTTON,
March 8, 1864. Washington. Ark.
$75 Reward.
T OST between Camp Bragg and Cam den,
A-J large black Morocco Pocket Book contain
about four hundred dollars in Confederate
• °tes and some valuable papers. The above
r «ivard will be paid if delivered to me at camp
0T deposited where I can get it.
n T. J. CHUCHILL, Brig. Gen.
De c- 30, 1863. 49:8w*
, TO HIRE.
A NEGRO GIRL, 18 years old.
5-2 w Apply 10
A. B. WILLIAMS.
Washington telegraph
Headquarters Trass-Miss.Department, 1
Shreveport. La., Feo. 8, 1864. J
General Orders No. 4.
I. The following order, issued fr m the Ad
jutant and Inspector General’s Office, is pub
lished for the information of all concerned:
> Adjutant and Insfkc roll Ges rrai.’s Omen, 1
Richmond, Jan. 9th, 1864. )
General Order 1
No. 2. f
I. The following Acts of Congress and Regu
lations are published for the information of all
concerned therein:
Acts.
AN ACT to prevent the enlistment or enroll
ment of Substitutes n the military service
of the Confederate Stat-s.
Ihe Congress of the Confederate States of
: America do enact. That no person liable to
military service shall hereafter be permitted or
! allowed to furnish a substitute for such service,
uor shall any substitute be received, enlisted
or enrolled in the military service of the Con
federate States.
[Approved Dec. 28th. 1863.
i AN ACT to put an end to exemption* from 1
military serv ce of those who have heretofore
I furnished substitutes.
Whereas, In the present circumstances it
requires the ai 1 of all who are üble to bear
arms:
The Congress of the Confederate States do ■
enact, That no person shall he exempt from
military service by reason of his having fur
nished a substitute; but this act shall not be
so construed as io affect persons who. though
not liable tn render military services, have,
nevertheless furnished substitute-
[Approved Jan. sth, 1864.
11. Persons rendered liable to military ser
vice by operation of the preceding Acts are
placed on the same footing with all others
heretofore held liable by Acts of Congress.
111. Persons herein rendered liab'e to rnili-
- . , i
; tarv service are require I to report as volnn- :
I teers or conscripts, without delay, to the en-
I rolling officer; and all who delay beyond the
I first day of February, 1864. will be considered
i as having renounced the privilege of vulunteer
| ing and field for assignment according to law.
IV. Enrolling officers will proceed as rapidly
as prnctic ble in the enrollment of persons
herein made liable to military service. Previ
ous to enrollment, as conscripts. all such per
sons will tie allowed to volunteer in companies
in service on the 16th of April. 1862. provided
the company chosen dors not. at the time of
volunteering. re»ch the maximum number nl-
I lowed, and upon such company bring selecte I, ;
■ the volunteer will receive from the enrolling
i officer a certificate to the effect that lie has so j
I volunteered, and in- volunteer will >e received I
into any coiiipany except on such ccrtifi: ite. i
Persons who fail to make their selection- at '
j ihe time of enrollment will be as-ig led ucord I
mg lo existing regulations.
V. Persons who report to the enrol’ing offi
| cer will be enrolled, amt may be allowed a fur-
| lough of ten days before rep -rtiiig to the Camp |
! <>f nstruction.
VI. All persons, whether volunteers or con- )
scripts, ur der this order, will pass through the
Camp ot Instructi n ot the State to which they
1 belong, and be forwarded thence to the compa
nies which are selected, <>r to which they mav
! be assigned.
I VII. The Bureau of Con«<Tiritinn is ehargo<|
I with adopting proper regulations t <r the eu-
I fcrcement ot this order
■ VIII. All exemption-heretofore Hrnnted are
I subject to revision, uuder in-tructiou-from > he
■’ Bureau of Conscription, and if toiri l to
! proper - i unauthorized by law, wid be revukdd.
Bv order
(Sigrn, ) S. COOPER.
Adjutant and Inspector General.
11. Var igr-iph l|l of the above order is so
m ><liti<-d as to read as fol ow-:—••[‘••r-ons
! herein pondered liable to militny service, are
■ required to n port as vo uut-ers or Cmiscr.pt-.
i without deluy, to the enrolling officer; and a I
I who delay beyond ’he first day of March.
1864. will be considered as having lenotmeed
1 the privilege of volunteeiing, and held for as
-1 sigiimeiit, uccor ting to law.”
HI. Paragraph IV <d the above or ler is so
inodifie i as « allow persons herein rendered
liable to milit ny service, to volunteer in organ.
' iz.ati ns must ie I and accepted previous lo th ■
l fiisc day of Juy. 1863; and no v-.unite-r will
he received in any urgauiz rtiou not serving in
; this department.
IV. Enrolling Officers in this depsrtmont
will proceed at once to entorc* a rigid execu- j
‘ >iuu ui the foregoing orders
By command of
Licut.-Geii. E Kirby Smith,
S. 8. ANDER-ON.
Assistant Adjutant General.
Shreveport, February .7. 1864 5 4t
Special .Volice.
' Office Maxuf•errmso Q. M , )
VVH-liingt iii. Ark. j
THE under-igiiri’. M nufa'-tiu'ing Quarter
Master for tue Dietriet of A kaoxa«, linTinji
exc:usive contr-dof ill Beef Hide* belonging
t>. the Government, hereby notifies all per-on*.
tanners and “peculatois in par’icular, not to
purchase government hides from any person
having charge thereof, exc.pt from hiitsrlf or
his agents authorized to make contracts for
leather. Any hides purchased bv any citiz n
from any officer <-r soldier, in violation of this
Lotice. will be taken possession of fur the use
and ben fit of the Government.
AB good citizens are respectfu'ly requested
to take care of all hides left by detached com
mands— notifying me of the quantity mid >he;r
locality. Any labor or expense they may in.
cur in so uoing will be paid bv me.
J. D. THOMAS,
Maj. & Manl’g Q. M., Dis. us Ark.
Jan. 18. 1864. 1 ts
OR* VANN.
' WOULD respeet
folly iufarm Ins
f friends and the
c - public, tlr the hns
-'£x KA IYTLIT '' J ' just received a
supply of material
lor plugging
or filling teeth,
ami would be pleased to see noy one requir
ing his services atj his office in Washington.
Feb. 17, 1864. 4-3 m
Special Notice*
INDIVIDUALS having sold me Cotton far ac
count of the Government, are hereby noti
fied that they are expected to take due care of
said Cotton whilst in their possession, as per
agreement, otherwise they will he held account
able for any damage done the Cotton.
DAVID BLOCK.
Gen. Agent Produce Loan
far the State of Ark.
Washington, Ark., Feb. 9, 1863. 3-ts
Confederate Money Wanted!
FOR SALE—My premises in Washington,
known recently as Burt’s Hotel i Stunt’s
Store, also, rny farm one mile and a half from
town. Two hundred acres, Eighty in cultiva
tion, the rest well timbered. For terms apply
to myself at Greenville, or H. A. Jones at
Washington. A. T. BELLER.
Jan. 6, 1864. n 3— Im.
A Good Horse for Sale.
Apply’ *t this offic*.
Jan. t7, 1864.
WASHINGTON, ARKANSAS. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 16. 1864.
The following lines were misprinted
last week. They are too good to be lost, and
we reproduce them prepcrly:
The Soldiers Farewell to his Love-
BY COL. H. L. GRIXSOEAD.
Farewell ! Ig o where dnty call’.
And faith and honor point the way.
Where many a high-souled hero falls
Upon each bloody battle day
I go ; for I Ivrtil'l sert-n tot b«
laggard in the glorious strife,
That shapes our nation's destiny,
And wakes us to a nobler life.
I fain would gird my idle sword.
I’liat all too long hath lain at rest,
While I. upoy thy lightest wool.
Have hung till now supremely blest.
O' oft amid the din of fight.
When thick the hurtling bullet- fly,
"by image pure shall glad my sight.
And nerve my arm for purpose high.
Dike crested knights of ancient song,
r-n t” * ,,u g‘ ,t ,o please their haughty love«,
1 II think ot thee, and still press on.
Knowing tby soul the deed approves.
For thou art worthii r far than they
Soulful and modest, fair and true.
Like the sweet flowei that slni is the dav.
But opes to drink the evening dew.
I covet not the warrior’s crown.
Nor other boon or guerdon claim
But as I float life's stream adown.
Dearest, to know thy love the sa’iie.
As when beneath the star-lit dome.
I wooed and won thy guileless heart.
Such a- now lads the tear-drop- come
To bathe thine eyes ere we shall part.
O' brighter th tn Italian s ies.
And purer than the lily’s Im •.
Thy bi auty sbamo.s the dolphin's dyes
And sends Ihe life-blood coursing thro*
My Vein-, u- speed- the lightning flash.
When moi it.ii.'i storm- all wildly roar,
A id foaming billows leap and da-h.
Aud. wearied, break upon the shore.
Tim" cannot dim such love as ours—
Distance no liar .er interpose ;
Its light -h ill g . i u > fl inti ig hours
U iquenclKil, till life itself -hall e!o-e.
V. ecp not 1 I soon will come again
To claim and clasp mv gentle bride ;
I go to prove how m-idly vain
Th' insulting foeman's boasted pride.
And when the Southern Cross shall loom
Triumphant upon every field ;
When nights of sorrow, days of gloom.
To blessed peace at length shall yield,
Then shall our lives serenely glid *.
With naught to mar our perfect.bliss—
And|w alkiug calmly, side by sideq
We'll know no agony like this.
Hark! "lis the signal—one kiss more,
One pressure of thy gentle hand :
S.td heart, be still! The struggl \ o'er. I
Aud 1 among my comrades stand !
Camp Sumter. Art.. Feb. 13. 1861. * j
Public Meeting.
According to previous uoiice, a very
large number us citizens, met at the court
house, in the town of Washington, on
Saturday the 12'h tnst . when, on motion
of Hon. B. I*. Jen, Sr , CM J-.lin R
Eakin, was called to the chair, who called
the meeting to < rder, aud explained the
object thereof in a short bqt most appro
priate nianicr
A IJ William-, Esq , was then ap
pointed Secretary.
On motion of Ex Gov. 11. M. Rector,
a coumittee of five was appointed by the
ChaiiiiHin to report suitable resolution*
expressive of the sense of the meeting,
which committee consisted of ex-G v. 11.
M. Rector, of i'u aski county; Hon. B.
P. Jett, of Hempstead; C> I J. II Pat
teisoii, ot Woodruff; Capt.’Z P. If. Farr,
of Munroe; and M -j->r B. F. Hempstead,
oi llemp-tead
Upon leave granteiKthe committer re
tired, and after some time spet t in delib
eration, returned and tepurtrd)tlie fuiloW
itig resolutions:
Whereas, It is an inherent right of
tiie people to meet toge'her and consult
one ano l her as to their Common interest
and for the purpose ot promoting the gen
eral good. N< w, in the tuid-t of revolu
tion it btcutties a high moral duty to do
so, that they may by free interchange of
opinion, preserve a putity nnd unity of
action amongst themselves—and to estab
li.-h that mutual confidence and sympathy
between the army and the peop'e which
is a nation’s bulwark against which the
hosts of Abraham cannot prevail.
We, therefore, a portion of rhe citizen*
of Arkansas, pursuant to a call heretofore
made in the “Washington Telegraph,”
Do Resolve:
Ist. That our cause is a just one. That
our women are patriotic —“Ur soldiers gal
lant—and that, unaided by foreign pow
ers, our Government will achieve for itself
a glorious Independence.
2d. By one and all of us, that we will
consent to re-construct ion—NEVER. That
we regard the act ot separation as irrevo
cable as an edict of Divine Justice.
3d. That notwithstanding a large por
tion of our beloved State is desolated nnd
in the hands of the enemy —and many
of our people hare rendered a rempor; ry
obedience to Liuc flu’s authority—still
these arc incidents of war common to all
beiligerauts at which we neither feel alarm
ed or discouraged The British bu. ned
the American capitol —but they did not
conquer the country. Moscow w-i« burn
ed at the approach of Napoleon—but lie
did not conquer Russia
4th. That with loyal men who are un
avoidably in the hands of the enemy we
sympathise deeply—but with traitors we
hold no fellowship now or hereafter and we
request our Sentprs and Representatives
io Congr ss to, procure the passage of
a law providing for the immediate sei
zure and confiscation of the property of
{hose wbo may subsequent to the passage
thereof'abandon the Confederate States
and flee to the enemy —declaring all sales
made previous to such flight, m void,
upon presumption of fraud.
sth. That we regard Lincoln’s recent
Amnesty Proalamation authorising one-
I tenth of the voting population of the re-
I apective States to organize what he calle
a republican form of government, as an
evidence of weakness, and the last des
perate resort ot u foiled tyrant to effect
that by subtle diplomacy which he
has tailed to accomplish by aims—and as
to the assemblage of persons recently con
vened iu Little Rock denominated a con-
J vention—which said persons undertook
■to change the organic law of the land,
and to form a new government—to abol-
! ish slavery, etc, etc. —we have to say,
and de.-ire it to go to the woild, that said
convention was held and proceeded with,
without the semblance of authority from
! the people, and was made up exclusively
ot Northern men, unrni'uraliz-J citiz°n-,
.and traitors who had fled from the just in
fl.gnation of their neighbors, and who had
taken refuge iu the Federal at my at Lit
tle Rock for protection. I
G li. That we regard slav ry as neither
! dead or likely tn be crushed out, but an
existing iu-titu i >ti, religiously and moral
ly right, and saneiiui.ed by Divio j author
ity Death t.» the slave is Northern phil
anthropy—under its benign influence the
race, we think, would suou beeotue ex
i tinet.
. 7th. That we, a- civilians, defur with
the most deferential le-pect to .bilitaiy
j Lu> n as to ail things military in their na
ture—still we cannot retrain fiotu ex
; pressing the hope that the defensive or
I retrograde policy is tor the future aban
doned, and that as soon as time and cir
' cuuistauces may permit, the Battle Flag
,of the Trans Mississippi wilt again float,
triumphant from the flume us our capital.
Bth. That we d'-precate the spiiit of
extortion and speculation now too
coininoii in the country, especially in
the articles of pritne necessity—believ
ing that its tendency is lo oppress the ,
pool — to depreciate the national currcn- i
cy, and lessen the feeling of patriotism,
which is the great bulwaik ot our courr*
try. We, therefore respectfully urge*
upon the public mind, tin: necessity of i
remedying the evil by argument and
every other means in the power of the
people, and for the time being leave oil
l fortune making, until we have seemed ;
a country where the finds ot honest la
bur may be enjoyed.
9ih. the practice of inter-cominuni
cation which seems to be increasing be
t weca •nir people and our common ene
my, ;we are induced to regard with
alarm, and without inlcn hug to cen
sure, yet we are cmi.-iiallied lo urge
upon the autl.oi ities its
for the future as far ns possible—behev-j
mg that its tendency is to corrupt a:.d I
i seduce our people. When two nations
air at war, it is not expei t.-d that any
! otller l(flat ions should subsist letWee.i'
them, tl an such as ate Wcll-delmed by
: beiligerauts, and any h >pcs of fat or b -
vend sucii as appertain to eidigiitcnisl
and Christian enemies is not only dan
gerous but unmanly.
10th. The destruction and lo s of prop
erty is <>i,e of the lesser evils when
submission would entail upon in lb ih
eiplr is always dearer lo au h n est m m
than property. The latter may be re
acquired, but tl.e former, never. The
religious, moi al and social organism of
i people, are tlieii most estimable i ights.
Take these away, and the foundation
upon which the siipristrnetlye of •■nr
i eoiiiitiy is based is dost royi d. and hence,
i all must ]M'iish iu the fall. Individual
ity may continue, but the peopleid that
as a country, are destroyed,
demoralized, ami must be absorbed, or
l»e taken up into the aggregate organ
isms of the couqueit'r.
11th. We ate not willing to admit,
that all who hesitate t<» come forward to
tin- help of their country in this trying
bom ot our history are in heart against
us We must take man as he is, and
judge him as well by Ids constitutional
capabilities of etiduiance, as by his os
tensible deportment ami strength of
judgment to determine what is right.!
Even some who have lied out lines and
taken shelter with the enemy, we teg-til
with mote compassion than ill-will. But
we admonish others, it any there be,
, wtio lean to the protection of an inexor
* able enemy, to lieware ot what they do,
and remember that the only true course
■ t.i pursue is to b 3 faithful to the heritage
lof tueir fathers. Any other must te-
I suit iii min and disgrace.
12th. That as the surest means of Riis-j
laitiing an efficient army in the field, '
i and alfotding to our military uommand
) ers the best support in their plans of
defenee .ir aggression, we earnestly re
eomnicml to all citizens at home, ot both
i sixes ami of all ages, to use their nt-1
i most eflorts to preserve civil order in ;
i s iciety—to foster ami encourage all
branches of l-ome industry—especially i
i the production of food and clothing—to
sustain and care for the families us air-.
sent soldiers—to encourage each other *
in Hcntimentß of loyalty to the Confed
eracy—to discourage all eflorts on the
i part of their felluw-cil ;zens to avoid I
j military set vice, ami to frown upon all.
defterters from our armies iu this our 1
I time of trial.
13th. That we have conlidence in ’
i the wisdom ami palriotistiTof tiie heads
. of our government, and feel well assnr
! ed that, however great may be the diffi-
I culties they have to encounter, that our
. ship of State will ultimately be guided
' into the desired haven of Independence,
j In a great struggle like ours, it is to be
expected that’’ different opinions will 1
prevail among the people as to the pro
priety of certain lines of policy to be
adopted, and while these opinions may
be freely expressed yet the wiser
course is to yield prompt obedience to
the powers that be, and trust to good
intentions and improved experience, to
correct whatever evils and abuses that
may at intervals exist.
Col. Patterson moved the adoption of
the resolutions, which, being seconded,
the chairman announced them open for
discussion, when Col. Patterson came
forward and delivered a most thrilling
and eloqunt address in support of the
resolutions, followed by ex-Gov Rector
in a short but well-timed address, burn
ing with the the of patriotism and loyal
ty. The speakers were frequently in
terrupted by the most deafuing ap
plause, which demonstrated beyond per
adventure, that the hearts of the people
were with the resolutionsand the speak
ers-
The question upon the adoption of the
resolutions was then put, when they
were unanimously adopted.
The chairman then presented the fol
lowing letters from Lt.-Gen. Holmes
and Brig.-Gcn. Cabell, which wore ser.
inally read ami :• ecivefl with appluuw;
lIK.iDQt I'tTKK- District of Arkax-sas, >
Camden. Ark.. March Bth, 1864. (
Gentlemen :— Your favor invitinir itip toa ma&s
meeting of the citizens of Washington is re
ceived. If my eugagemen’s will justify it, I
R ill with gnu; satisfai iion lx- po-sent. for there
ha* never Ik-m a time in the history of any na
tion when a cordial sympathy and unity ot ac
tion b'-tween tiie pi-op e and tlieir ■‘oldivnshould
exist than is itoa ma lii-nzt with u<. Both have
b -en derelict—the p ople in not coming forth in
their unanimous in ij"sty to enforce the conscript
law and drive the lho>i-ands of delinquent con
•cripm and <b's-Tt> rs from their midst, and to
bold up the harj y speculators, who prey on our
vitals, to tli* scorn and contempt they so well
merit : aud the army, lx eau-e it- lead-rs. includ
ing mywlf. have noi don<- all that could have
lx?"n done under the pres-ing cmergeticies of our
cause. Let u- then, goulb men. in this theelrv
entii hour fi>r Ai kn i-as. eta id »lioulderto shonl
d"r. tirmlv resolved to resist tu • futlber ad
vance of the vandai* who an- trying to sufaiti
tute our r..c • by t!i -ir hirelings aad our own ne
gro s.
I t>eg to congratulate you on the excellent
conditio.i. spirit and resolution «>f the army. as.
also in th" wishes and intentions of our excellent
Departin-ul t'oiniti.i id r. from whom I have re
cently r-c rived iufurm.flio.i oi th-- most cheering
kind.
I know of nothing that yuttr nt"< ting can do,
ntib-ss it be toiiiculeate eonfideii -e with the ne
cessity of < iiinv.ocig th" soil, a d. when the en
emy is attacked, tu.il every uian who has a gun
sliould aid in his desiruction.
1 uni. getitlem ii. v. rv resp-'clftlllv.
I . li. HOLMES. L -ut Gen
To Hon. il M. ii ctor. J. 11. Patterson, J. R.
Eakin, and otu i>. commiilee.
Huqus Cvb-".i.'s Br:oidr. 1
C imp h.rby Biui:ii, Marell 12. 1864.)
Ge/itlerne, _• — ! have the ii<> e»r to ack. owlcdge
there pt •>< y <>ur le‘L r <-f ■ li* sth. inviting inc j
to l>e pr. -e.il »n Uro I zth. at a meeting of th
citiz ii- to take into c >ll- <1 ration the -‘stateof'
th'countiy i't ihi-tniro " I r gret exc>< dingly 1
that my official dtitie-are an.'li at thi- time as I’o
pr<'Ve..t in ' Irotii Ik tug ores a: for I will assure
>■••1 that no one lvci>u d 'ep r interest in the wel- '
fare and pnrap i it> of mi- -tate t ian I do and no
o irretin u more th in i do the condition of the
lat ■ ut this uui Tin- stale of tiling* will. I
u.u cu.idiient. livrc;il<'iL«-d iu a flio. t tim •• and I
trust that il v> ill not long before ewrv alxtii-
UtMiisl will it- driven from ifi, ; fi.jte. I wonid
cuuas 1 al ull t nit - ' harmony and umxi fei ling
Ix-iW' i'u tin- cii.z ti a..d ilu r Al tiie same
tirn it w ill Iro n e -x.uy ft a li> • x :c a■ a little
| arie.ice aid lo give our le id.-r.-1 u-.- to put their
plan- i.itu op -.t 01.
i> -p.ctf :lly. r Hiro’ ‘i. servant.
■*. •'.CABELL Brig. Gen.
To M<—i-;ur- H. M. R eu»r. .1. H. i‘.,i;:i ~ou, Joo.
R. Eak.u, and <>th< rs, commit;- e.
On motion < f ll<>u. 1, I’ Jett, the
for. going letters were u.di-re. 1 lo be
made a part oi the ;n ..ccediii
On motion ot • x-Gov. liecior, it was
ordeied that twei ty-five copies ot the
resolntiohs and ni-vompai.yii.g letters
Ie printed and !<>;w aided t> each cl I he
Geiieials iu Hie I h-p o tnieiii, and that
the proceedings of tiie meetiug be sigh
ed by lie < l.aii 111.111 and Secretary, and
be furnished ihe Washington felegraph
fur publication.
J. R. EAKIN, t.’h.iii uian.
A. B Williams, Sec’y
[Translated fl uin the M< nroria Diplomatique.]
Poi.iTK-Ai. Srr cnox of ti.k Uxitko Sr.unts of
A .ii.hu'a. — I iro v irioux demo.ei .1110 1- made by
tn - Deni.w.-rats and frirnds of p- ace in lite North
lmvc induced tho-e who do not study American
uliuirs with attention to believe that tiro gr<zt
revolution which is devouring tiie republic of
Wnshingion will work its own solution, a id that
Lotu Not ll> and .'outb. aghast at the ruin-, heap •!
up ev. ryw hi re armiud them, at ib • ol l.iuo I
which theii iatal di-sen-ioii- -t II cau-e to flow,
wid at lasi Ik c..ine conscious <>l the tact that war
i- not a.l leineut of union, a ><l. casting wsidc j
their arms, will either becoin • r concil-d I v mu
tual c<me< s.-ious er settle down in p- ace. ride by
side, as tie.’ and independent Blafa---.
L’ue nc .11 - h etions have destroyed this illti
siu.i. For the rst time, we might -ay in a whole
year, pnoiic sc.itiment 1:1 tiro United Stales has '
aw-um <i such a form iu to ena 1 • ns to under-'
Hsud its purport We can now see clearly into •
the pl 1 is of t'ie Governm-nt. and ascertain how I
Hi y are view ed by the people.
Ine id a ha.- iiith. ft.i i>een entertained that;
tli Deinoeraiie party desired peace. Tiii« idea
Inu Ik-. ii -treuguteu.fl by the attacks nbicb it
organ* aud M nors mad", aud are still making
ev.-ry day. np<> 1 th F<dcral adni'iii-trati" ■. zad
by 1 In- g •.ler.ll tone of hostility which pTvadea
the language ot its lender*. ii;e late election*,
wh.le they sb>>*' th weakness of the partv, also
bring tolight tiie fact which w<- have long *mc
known, that du re is little difference la-tweea
Democrat* mid ra l cals ns to the propriety of
continuing the* war.
In the midst of the tenqrost which each day
cairies otf some element of American liberty,
the Democrats are, il is true, lhe only persons
wno proU al agai st the usurpations oi’ Govern- |
mc.it. again-t'th • violence of military authority,
aud against the encroachment* of the c -ntral
purer upou that ot the States; ami from this
circumstance they are the only constitutional
party in the North : but they have not been able
to r. sist that blind devotion to theSUnioa which
induces Americans to value it more than liberty;
they bare failed to appreciate the spirit of that
Coustitutiu.i ot which they arc the only aud last
defenders.
Not one of the leaders of the Democratic par
ty, even of those who have been energetic in
their attacks upon the policy of the administra
tion, not even Vallandigham or Gov. Seymour,
lias ever declared that be was iu favor of p'ace
with the South at the price of separation. Judge 1
WiHidward. who was the recent candidate for
Governor of Pennsylvania ; Mr. Vallnndigtiam.
who aspired to the same post in Ohio ; Mr. Sey- 1
m<>ur. Governor of the State of New York, and
all the other beads of the Democratic party, are
as strongly in favor of the Union as Mr. Liu- 1
coin. The only difference between radicals and
Democrats is, that the former wish for Union
through war, and that the latter w : -h to obtain
it by conciliation, if possible, and, if not, by
carrying on the war iu a regular and humane
way. in accordance with the spirit of the age.
Uuiou, Union through tire and sword, or Uuion
by prayer and compromise—but Union at any
cost. Union, eyen at the price of an ocean of
blood, at the price of public credit; Union, in
fact, at any price, even that of liberty ; such is
the open or secret thought of every American of
the North, be he Radical, Peace Democrat, War
Democrat, Copperhead, or Old Line Whig. The
insau desire fur Union turns the hcadsof all.
A pre- to thi* hallucination, the Americans do
not p iceive that while they are running n t-r
some detached portions of the Republic, those
whict were still united t> q.i.t to separate and
that ttieir attempts in favor of tiie I inon are so
many g< rms of disunion, fnui wbico. instead of
two confederacies, three or lour will frobabiy
i arise.
National vanity hrs taken such bold upon tl- 1
| people of the North that it has destroyed their
| moral sons". They sacrifice every thing to the
prid» of l>eing able to say that their power ex
itends over half a con Inn in, and that they are
equal to any nation in the world.
Rather, ‘ay they, let our ms.itutions ar.d a
whole gvu- lation p- ri-b. tbau renounce this glo
rious id Th? An'glo--*axou is certainly the
most imi -cadent of all men. but his pride is
grater un.i his love of i idependence. aad he
would not ;esitate to sacrifice liberty to vanity.
: One of tn great men of the French Revolution
sui t. •• Lut the colonies perish sooner than a
principle,” The Americans reverse the expres
sion and say, ‘ Sooner let liffi rty p-n-h than
lose an inch of Unitory.’' In their opinion die
glorious Union L,ke« precedence of • verytbing
There is then, in tact, little Jifferenee between
the Democrats of the North and the most ex
treme Radidals ; they are all agreed upon this
capital point, that the independence of tue South
cannot be recognized. All •• a n the Union: and
if they differ as to tb*ir p tins f r obtaining it. in
is because their interest,- arc not identical The
poasession of power i« the r. al point iu di-pute
between these two parties; the r -al and profoti-d
difference between them In <■ in the fact that Hie
one is in ]>o-sessio:i ol the Government which tl.e
I other wisbes to co itr 1
| If the Democrats a-k to have tin Union re
, stored by means of e >mp -omi* it is because
Ibis is ihr only way iu ulncb they can obtain
power. Tu - return oi tic S ■mk-r:i States totbe
I nion would at «n.c - g v.- the Democratic party
it fon.ier luperiority. (; is evid -, t that if tbe«e
Si.il. ? u re induced bv any coin’mation. even by
I hi ijjn .ration, to “end repres*.-otai<v -> to Congress,
tho-e repr—entativ's would unite w.th the Dem
, ocrai.c party ot the North, with whom thev have
| numerous pointsol contact, awl uho are the only
; l»et-o.i‘ »bo have nuy sym> at.iv with them.
j Tiie Democrats. indep-n>i ntly ot the question
’ of principles, which, unlbrtuiiatclv, have at this
j moment Hale weight tn the United States have
j cvciy intcre-l in su-taiuiug tbe<loctii.*i" of State
rights and preaching conciliation toward the
Cons.-d.-nu—; rii;e.-,ij tie- Southern States should
, l>e eiilir-ly crabbed out or lose their constitu
tional rights, their restoration lo th* Union as
| conquered iwovinces w ould not diminish th* po
' litical influence of th- rad'cal*.
Hence I lie watchword of the Democratic partv
is. " ibe Union a- it was, and the Constitution
as it is.”
Ibe Radicals take a perly clear view of
the situation. They know that thedavon which
the tw euty-six Senators of tn- .- Miali take
th' ir S' .its in tli'.- L.ipiiol. w. t»e th"<’av on
which the) will c*"v-e to govern t. I nion. and
they arc determii.ed that that dav shall never
coin-. We inii-t b< re nuniim a-tuteness and
ability with which tu.;. aave pi epared and
brought the revolution iu the point where il now
is At the heginni .g o* the war, when thh North
as one man a«k<-d tue restoration of the Union,
the Radicals d-d I. «t show any li.ci.lion ofeaan '-
i.ig th- institutions o; i. Republic in at.-v wav;
tu.-y “!ioiit.d Uni-.1 ami Constitution as'inudlv
a" did th D-mocals. Now. however, that the
Denn-rats have separu >4 fiom them, and are
crowd ng around tne Constitution, which th v
tak<- a- their banner, they announce that, instead
ul tu i nion and Cou-utution as they were, they
wish f... ■ strong Union which shall centralize in
itself all powers formerly held bv the States
and th it the rebel Stat s shall be held as terri
tories.
This Machiavelian idea, which had al readv
been put forward in the United States Senate, j
where, in 1862, Mr. Sumner, Chairman cf the 1
Committee on Foreign Affairs, adviser of the ,
President, and one of tue firmest supporters of I
the Administration, prop- “cd todeclar- that th"
rights of the South as independent Sta---s hud
ceased to exist, was renewed l>y Mr Sumner in
hw famous speech at 11 r "oper Institute, in |
which he explained the legal theory by which ne
proposed to sustain the constiiuti’na'iity of th •
pretended forfeiture of the Southern Stat-s thro’ i
their so-called rebellion. Hardly was this theorv
made public before the ultra journals hastened j
:tu def. nd it, and before the orators of the Ad
minisu-ation party went abont making speeches
iu lavor of it. Only a few days since. General
Butbr the Monravieff of America, tn a speech*
delivered at Bosom, arguing on the theory of
Mr. Sumner, emphatically dtclared tn.it. it 'the '
Southern States came Lack to the Union it must
be as conquered p:ovii;ces. Some days after.
Gen. Butler wa- appointed to command the De-
I partmint Os East, in Virginia aud North Caro-
I iina.
| One of the civilians of the North, who is one
of the no rat eminent of the age —Hou. William
B ach Lawrence, ta.- learned editor ai d com
m-utator of Wheator/s Treatise on International
La v. ha s thought it his duty to refute, in a legal
point of view, this dangerous and wicked doc
trine. which, at tn- same true that it overthrows
completely the American political system, opens
tue door to revolting injustice. His voice will pro
bably not lie heard ; political passions, once let ’
loose, uo longer listen to reason, and the fana- ‘
lies of the North will coniinue iu their blind !
fury to undermine the ed'fice of the republic.!
until one day it will crumble to ruins over their
heads.
Such are the plans a id views of the two p<i- :
liticul partie* iu th North, as brought lo light i
by recent events
The late election ba« shown the strength of |
the two parties The Democrats, disorganized'
by intern d dissenw >ns, cut up by the p-r-onai j
amUlion of lead< - fearful of risking their pop
ularity and timid i ■ the pre-ence of power, have
nuc dand to take , I .old and dignified position,
and have lie-n !>■ i-n almost everywhere. \lor< -
over, whatever m y be* the superiority of the
political ideas of ■ .e Democrats iu other rest -cts!
over their adv< rs.iri"*. the Southerners eaunot I
consider them oitieiwi-e than as enemies, ar
much bent as ar i.ie abolitionists on crushing
out their new-boi . frcedi tn.
The marked .imph of the Radicals, their
accord with the b .uocratw a« to the nee wily ot
restoring the U <• i, the new pro-.-efa of con
quest and oppre- .n which th*v entertain, all
place the States o. the South in j. more alarming
position than ant i which they have vet found
themaeives. N<e <■ -ntcni with 'forcing them back
into the Union, the determination seems now to
be to exterminat" ihcm. They have no longer a
choice between the Southern Con'edtration and
conquest, between liberty and slavery, betwwn
life and death.
The triuinp i of the Radicals aid Hie more de
cided attitude of the Ilemocrais destroys t e.
last hope eno rtaim d by the fri-uds of p-ace I
that the Amer.can R volution coaid b ■ brought,
to a peaceful Urmiiiatioii. The Federal*, irri- |
fated By the resistance which th y met with, and j
blinded by the blood which they have shed. lU«h
like dtunk-n men upon the South and precipi
tate tuemsclves en masse upon the palpitating
and heroic body of the Confederacy, while ail
the w irld looks ou at the murder and not a
voice is raised in their behalf, not one in Ameri
ca or Europe HENRI VIGNAUD.
Offosition Pafzil—Prominent metnl>crso f
the liberal party in England are turning their
atteot on to the *stabli«hment of a paper in
opposition to the “Times ” £b>o,ooo are al
ready subscribed for the production of a paper
to contain no more news than telegrams (Reu
ter’s) reports of stock*, an ! a resume of par
liamentry intelligence, and in which the cost
of advertising will be put at ju t half that de
manded by the “Timee”—the sheet itself to be
given away gratuitously. Th* “Times” re
ceives £226,000 per nnnuin alone far advertis
ments.
<
■! From Virginia— Northern News— New
’ York, March 2/—Special correspondent,
, Bela, reports from Headquarters, Army
; of the Potomac, under date of March Ist.
i It would seem that Gen Sedgwick wka
• sent to the extreme left of the enemy to
engage his attention, and direct his vig-
, . ilance from the Rapidan fords. Gen.
Kilpatrick seizing advantage of this
crossed the river, and proceeded to
make a rapid detour to the southwest
!of the enemy’s main position, aronnd
1 ' Orange Cuort-hnuse aud Gordonsvillo,
■ while Gen. Coster swings rapidly around
the extreme right of Sedgewick, via
■ Madison Court-house and Stewardsville.
The latest information from Kilpatriak
was up lo 8 o’clock, yesterday morning,
1 when he was reported to be at Spotts
sylvania, and on the trail of Costar.—
. j We have positive information that his
; j long line of cavalry dashed rapidly
• through Madison Court House, before
I daylight yesterday morning, and it is
( j reasonably supposed by a Tribune’s
I correspondent, who left the Court house
■ i at noon, that Costar had engaged the
! | enemy at 1 o’clock, for a heavy cannon
, ade was heard at. that hour in the direc
. i tion of Orange Courthouse, and it con-
• I tinned up tu dark
Gray sends news from Madison Court
’ House, dated Monday noon, that Sedge
' wick’s corps matched at sunrise, to-day,
> with four day’s rations, and bivouacked
' at night seven miles lieyond Culpepper
’ ford on Robinson river, where most of
the corps bivouacked and Sedgew ck es
’ tablished his headquarters. Talbot’s
? brigade pushed on to Madison Court
r House with cavalry under Captain Ciab
tin. The Ist division of the 3<l corps
, cainc up to the support of the 6th, on
j Sunday night. At 1 o’clock on Mon-
■ day morning, Costar's cavalry with
‘ horse artillery, marclied ont of the town
to the Rapidan, which was crossed near
i Barnet's ford. The latest news from
the front indicates a battle to-day at
Stanardsville, between Custar’s cavalry
and rebel infantry. Rumors persistant
ly place Kilpatrick at about 25 mile*
from Richmond, give us Spottsylvania
courthouse and Madison courthouse.and
as a drawback, swell the waters of the
Rapidan six f«-et above the level cfyes
: terday.
Washington, March Ist—Gen. Kil
patrick with a large foice of cavalry
and infantry, started three days since
f >•' Richmond, in the hope ol capturing
that city by a coup de nain or compel
Lee t<> leave his entrenchments at Mine
I Run and march to its defence. The ra-
• | pid reheat of Longstreet on Richmond
is explained by this movement. It is
• rumored tliat Kilpatrick will have the
I co-operation of a Targe force advancing
! up the I’cniuuix
We have not tne slightest idea that
i Gen Lee is asleep, and calculate with
confidence that tiie enemy is putting
himself in positron to receive an awful
i thrashing. We anxiously await news
from Southern sources.
; From Mobile. — Washington, Feb. 24.
Richmond papers of the 19th and 20tb
have been received. We quote the fol
: lowing: <
Mobile, Feb. 16. —Official dispatches
from Fort Gaines, state that the enemy
opened lire on Fort Powell, at Grant’s
Pass, at 9 o’clock this a. m. Five ves-
■ seis were engaged.
Fort Gaines, Feb. 16.—T0 Col. G. G.
Gaines, Chief of Staff.— Seven mortar
boats and four gunboats are shelling
fort Powell at long range. Up to 12
o’clock a m. they fired 165 shells, strik
ing the fort seven or eight times, doing
no damage to the fort, but slightly
wounding a lieutenant and sergeant
andjknoeking the officers quarters nearly
down. I was at the Fort this evening,
and have nothing further to report.
The enemy made a demonstration of
Handing on Dauphin Island, but reconsid
ered the matter.
i You may depend that all the places
I will be iield to the very last.
Ge •. A. Smith, Col. Ac.
From Tennessee—We have nothing
late nor definite from Tennessee and
| Georgia. The probability is that Long
street will not attempt taking Knoxville
but move his army lapidiy to some quar
ter for the purpose of striking a heavy
i blow by concentialion.
The following dispatces are all we
;have:
Knoxville, Feb. 17.—Affairs at Knox
vill? for sometime have lieen threaten
ing, but the enemy, who had appeared
»n some force at Strawberry Plains, have
iecrossed the river, owing to a freshet
in the Holstein The enemy are now
reported moving towards Germania, with
their cavalry on the Marysville road and
their infantry passing near the base of
the Smoky Mountain. There is no pres
ent anticipation of an attack here,which
| may be made after the river fails.
| Chattanooga, Feb. 21.— Rumors are
rife here to-night. One report has it
that two divisions of tiro enemy occu-
■ pieil Marysville jc-teiday, and after
wards returned again. It is said they
have appeared upon the Tennessee river
below Ixuidon, blockading the steamer
Chattanooga, oo that she cannot get
down. Another rumor declares that
John Morgan has crossed tiro Tennessee
river, between Florence and Tuscum
bia, with lO.UOO picked men, for a raid
into Tennessee. I give these rumors
-for what they are worth. They indi
cate a feverish cxpcctatiqn of some
thing.
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 21.—Official
| information from Gen. Dodge was re
i ceived at Geu. Logan's Headquarters
’ to-day, that the rebels, supposed to be
Rodey's Command, attempted to cross
i the Tennestee river at three different
' fords, but were driven back by Dodge's
' troops. Tiro loss of the Union troops
i very slight.
-NOT 8.

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