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Washington telegraph. [volume] (Washington, Ark.) 1839-1871, December 20, 1865, Image 1

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VOL. XXV.
, s BOSTICK, s. L. GRIFFITH T. L. ALDEN.
ft ‘Smith, Ark. Ft. Smith, Ark. Memphis.
BOSTICK, GRIFFITH & CO.,
WHOLESALE CBOCEBS,
AND
Commission
•HiIGG BUILDING, 2UB FRONT ROW,
MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
REFERENCES:
Traber A Aubery, Cincinnati,
John D. Minor <fc Co., "
Morris & Hallowell, Philadelphia,
E. Simpson & Co., “
Cronin. Haxthal & Sears, New York,
H- A R- B Whittamore, St. Louis,
Gavlord, Leavenworth A Co., “
Farrington & Howell, Memphis,
CapL C. B. Church,
VcStea, Value A Co., New Orleans.
'A» 1», 1e65. [2O-tf
IrTjett &
PHYSICIANS ANO SWt-NS.
OFFICE AT JETT’SJDRUG STORE,
Washington, Oct. 25, 1865.
SOUTHWORTH & KNIGNT,
19 5 Main St , Memphis, Tenn.,
General Commission Merchants,
Aud Wholesale Dealers in
groceries, liquors, provisions and
plantation SUPPLIES.
Particular attention paid to sale of Cotton, nnd
uronipt returns made. Liberal advances on
consignments made for sale or shipment
fy Refer by permission, to Joseph Holcom,
JAMES M. WILLIAMS
—WITH—
HARVEY & McMAHON,
COTTON FACTORS
Gtreral Commniijsioii f.nd Forwarding
MERCHANTS,
61 St. Chai les St., corner Ln lon,
NEW ORLEANS, LA.
Oct. 25, 1865. 34-6 tn
Real Estate and Claim Agency,
LITTLE KOCKARKANSAS.
■xTTILL attend to the Collection of al! Claims
' V against the Government before the Mili
tary and State Courts, and the Court of Claims
at Washington City, Taxes on Real, Estate
will be paid when desired, and Laud Titles in
vestigated. Office: Corner of Cherry A Lou
isiana streets. ’
lu the investigation of legal uuestions and
the preparation of legal papers, ne will have
the assistance of Judge E. 11. English, tanner
Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Arkansas.
DENTISTRY.
Having this day
/ formed a co-partner-
rv ship in the practice
of Denti-try, we of
,pr our services to
the citizens of Wa*h
ington. and South
Arkansas generally.
All operations will
* J be performed in the
ost skillful m nner possible. Artifical teeth in
erted from one to full sets, and in inviting the
ntronage of the public, we feel assured that
irom long experience and practice that tull sat
isfaction will be given.
Calls will be attended in the country as
promptly as possible.
Office near the Court House, Washington.
W. K. VANN, ? T , . ,
A. M. BARNES, j
aug 16-24 -6m
TAILORING.
THE undersigned haring returned to Wash
ington, is prepared to cut and make cloth
ing ot every description in the most fashionable
| style Thankful for past patronage, he hopes
>y industry and attention to merit a continua
tion ot those favors heretofore bestowed upon
him. Shop in the brick building opposite Moure
A Smith’s.
v CHARLES PEYTON.
Washington, Aug. 9, 1865. 23 ts
Hie Cheapest Place in the
STATE IS
-
b 4 ■WkWWM-St.
Stalvoiu v\^,
Se\\.oo\,
FF* Orders from the country will receive
KTraprt'fo'r sale at prices from 30 to
85 cent
Li tie Rock, October «o-
JAS. A. WILLIAMS*.
Juu.s s. ttIRL
"It s Burt & Williams,
fr " ‘/the «i»«*-»® of Washington and vi
""Cxi* ”- ls
j, IV. SMYTHE,
II jceiving. Forwarding
■ —AND—
* jmmission Merchant,
CAMDIN ARKANSAS.,
REFERENCES.
! j ß ooKsXk iIaCDOXALD, New Orleans.
i N'IXON & UO.,
X UTIN, Hawthofn & Co., “
I > n McCollum, Camden.
AT LOCK,
I Js. H. Baits ey. “
81-6 m.
( H. A. ONES,
I Attorney Co *isellor at Law,
I • WASHING r N, ark.
■ Sept. 28, 1866 30-6 m
' ’ f - fc *•** — < 4 *
’ WM 1 • M'ORSHAW,
Lmle Rock Washington.
JENNINGS & .WQRSIIAM.
ATTORNEYS
—AND— »
Cbunselers at Law,
W Offices in Little Bock & Washington, Ark.
ILL practice j n the Federal and State
attend ) ur . rßo t t’'‘State. Business promptly
attended to tn any portion of the State F 7
Sept. 20, 1565. 29-ly
livery stable.
rpilE firm of Williamson & BRANDON
J. being now di» so lved, I will carry on the
business alone, and an. I repared at all times to
accommodate my fnends md the public gen
erally with the best of BADLL.E HORSFS
Transient customers will tic. I my Stable j
lushed with the best and an abuutance of prov
ender, and the most attentive of hitlers. F
By strict attention to business, t hope an j
expect to receive a liberal share of », e public
patronage. ■*'»
Stable at the old stand formerly knewi M t ) le
Washington Livery Stable.
E. K. WILLUMSOn.
Washington, Nov. 1, 1865. 35-t.
J; E. BORDEN,
WASHING TON,A RKANSAS,
GENERAL AGENT.
For the Collection of Claims, the Purchase
and Sale of Real Estate, and other property,
and all othe business pertaining to a General
Agency. Will execute all kinds of Contracts,
Deeds. Mortgages, Bills of Sale, Title Bonds,
and all kinds of Couv»yances.
U. S. Revenue Stamps always on band.
REFERENCES:
Clarke & Sears, New. Orleans,
Thompson. Morris & Co.. Shreveport,
Taylor, M’Ewek, Duke & Co., Memphis.
Hon. E. H. English, Little Rock.
J. W. CALLAWAY,.
Receiving, Forwarding
—AND —
General Commission Merchant.
LARGE brick warehouse, near the wharf,
known as the “Matlock Warehouse,”
CAMDEN ARKANSAS.
Sept. 13,1865—28-ly
BEEF MARKET.
THE undersigned, having purchased of H,
E. Burt & Co. their Beef Market in this
place, is now prepared to furnish
FRESH BEEF
every morning at his stand in the Beller Build
ing. Having the contract to furnish the Gov
ernmeut at this post with Beef, he will also be
prepared to accommodate all others who may
favor him with their patronage, w hich is re
spectfully solicited.
XV. H. CLARK
Washington, Sept 13, 1865. 28-ts
A. 11. GARLAND C. C. WHITE. D. B NASH.
GARLAND, WHITE & NASH,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LITTLE ROCKARKANSAS.
Will attend to business anywhere in the State
Aug. 3U, 1865.
FORSALE.
A FIRST rate Piano. Apply at the resi
dence oi Dr. B. F. V\ ilsuu.
31-If
MEDICAL CARD.
DRS. W. R. WALKER and ALBERT
DUNLAP have associated themselves in
the practice of Medicine and Surgery, al Wash
ington, Arkansas. Office formerly occupied by
Messrs Young & Thomas. je2B-tf
JSO. B. BURTON. JAS. G. JOHNSON.
BURTON ae JOHNSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LEWISVILLE,- - - ARKANSAS.
WILL attend to professional business in
the counties of Lafayette, Hempstead,
Sevier. Union, Columbia and Ouachita.
Aug. 9, 1865-
WASHINGTON
FEMALE ACADEMY.
THE next Session of this Institution will
commence on the Firs’ Monday in September.
RATES OF TUITION,
““ "'SYKih" killd.
24-ts
Aug. 16, 1865. '
JAMES p/SWIN,
Attorney at I-aw,
WASHINGTON, " ARK^ N 8 t S ’
LAW NOTICE.
Tjr v I’ndersigned will henceforth devote
his exclusive attention to the practice ot
u w at his old office in Washington, Arkansas
He’will practice generally in the Courts of
Hempstead, Sevier and Lafayette counties, and
in any courts of the Sixth Judicial Circuit on
Special retainer.
U. 8- Revenue Stamps will be kept on hand
to be used in the business of his clients.
JNO. R. EAKIN.
Washington, Aug. 16, 1865. ts
WYATT C. THOMAS JAS. A. WILLIAMSON.
WILLIAMSON & THOMAS,
attorneys at law,
—AND—
SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
WASHINGTONARKANSAS.
WILL attend regularly the Courts of Hemp
stead, Srrier and Lafayette-, also, the
courts of any of the adjacent counties upon be
ing retained. Will act aa Agents of Real Estate}
pay taxes upon lands, dispose of same, 4c«
Cpnneiuinciug of «ye]ry description neatly DIM
promptly wreented. Especial gttyntion gHtpH ta
the. business of collecting.
Nxig 30, 1865.
Livery Stable,
THE undersigned have opened a Livery Sta
ble in this place, where the traveling pub
lic can have their horses attended to and pro
vided with plenty of provender. Stable adjoin
ing the Post Office. Attentive hoatkrs alwaya
j. DgMrrH *CO.
Washington, Aug. 23, 1865- 25-ts.
WASHINGTON, ARKANSAS. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 2ft 1865.
SADDLERY
AND HARNESS. '
f subscriber has just received, direct from
J- the a fine selection of
BADD E-WALLETS. HARNESS,
COLLARS. Whips, AC.,
Which, with his former stock, will enable him.
to supply his customers with almost
they may need in hia line of bnnineaa. j
REPAIRING 1
done on the shortest notice, and j n the most I
workman-like manner. He respectfully solicits ,
the patronage of the public. ’
Washington, Nov. 8,
GROCERIES
—AND—
comcTiomiEs. b
THE undersigned respectfully informs his
friends and the public generally, that he 1
''vas opened a
: A.£T3> ,
CWFECHWEBY ST6F.S ‘
n next d° or to B. L Brittin’s,
where L will keen constantly on hand a choir,
aelectionof FAMILY GROCERIES, consist
ing ot ali, )S t every thing usually k--pt in such
an eatablmineat. ■ ° . 1
By the XX or Retail, and • M
Wedding 'lakes, Pyramids, 4c., a
Furoished at the shiest notice. \
Persons wishing L purchase will do well to .
call ana examine quahv and prices, as superior
mduceni-nts will ba be d Wlt * to lhrßl
„ T L . T. C. PHILLIPS. ~
XX ashingon, Oct. 4,1*65. Bl ts "
A RED XIVER PLANTATION t
'IO LEASE.
THE well-kiwrn Plantation belonging to I
the estate b D r . i saac n. Jones, dec., Li
situated in Lost P^ r j e Lafayette county .Ark., <>
with Nine HuitdrH-^ cr ea t j n the highest state v
of cultivation, richness of soil, beauty, c
and convenience in || o f j U surrohullings, is
unequalled by any feutation on Ibd River
above the raft. Said limitation will be leased
for a term of years.
ALSO FOR SALE ON’HE PLANTATION e
Corn. Fodder, Hraeii, IMulew,
Wagon*, Planl*i en Tb»lt»
of every description, cou,tiiig of a COM
PLED! 01. Ibl T, andall j s necessary to '
carry on the cnllivation of ifc] Plantation.—
Also for sal,—a large stock< HOGS AND
CATTLE. These sales will fur Cash,
to close the administration.
Th.- l.cesre of this ean supply
himself on the premises with Afy thing re
quisite to carry on a first da'COTTON
PLANTATION, even to labor, aX, tb( . pj ace
is a large force that can be hiredV, !n
day of January, 1868; they are <r\) ••p' r *e,l- I
men,” and have been on said rlatetiou for i
many years.
Fur further information inquire of * address
the undersigned at XX’ishington. Ark.i | •'
W. W. ANDREWS. .<Vr
/.’st. Isaac N. Jonii,t rf ,
Nov. 8, 1865. iG-tt* ,
NOTltfi.
Office Afsr. Sup. Agv. Try. Dm )
Washington, Aik., Nov. 6, 184.
BY virtue of authority vc«ed in O. H Jfc.
bridge, Esq., by thv Hon Secretary of V »
Treasury, as the Supervising Agent of the ‘4
Agency- I have received an awhoritv to act!
an Assistant Supervising Agent the Distrif
I qf Hempstead and Sevier counL-s, A'kansa.. t)
* for the collection of abandoned; captured au-X
surrendered property. ,
Planters and custodian* whose lames apprar J
upon the records ot the Confederate States cot f
tun books, are hereby notified to at the
office of the Treasury Department ibthie place
and account for said property. \
Any failure to comply with this notice., will
subject the parties to arrest and the fiAponalty
of the law for the embezzlement of 1
property.
B. J. B. WEAX’ER, i
Asst Sup. Agt. Try. i
HD. QRS. POST OF WASHINGTON \
AND DEPENDENCIES. ,
Dti’T. op Ark.—3i> District.
Hashington, Ark., Not. 6,
Approved :
DWIGHT MAY, ,
36-ts Col. Commanding. \t
WASHINGTON HOUSE.
WASHINGTON, ARKANSAS.
IHAX’E this, day re-qpetjed this establish
meet, formerly occupied by John D. Jones,
Esq., under the style and hanfe of the fXX ash
ington. House.”. Jbe. rpoma have all been n
,fitted, and eveiythiug done io retidbr my guests
comfortable. I would respectfully soiicli the
j g JONEa
*" October 24, 1865. 34-ts
SPYKER & SANDIDGE,
—AND—
Commission Merchants,
NEW ORLEANS.
I P SPYKER, JNO. M. SAKfHGE,
of Morehouse parish. of Bossiet Parish.
364 m.
UEU. C. WATKINS. U. M. B<»SB.
WATKINS A ROSE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LITTLE ROCK, - - - ARKANSAS.
Office next door below State House.
Dec. 6.1865.
». w. JONES,
ATTORNEY at law,
WASHINGTON, ARKANSAS
Pm. A 1885.
N4FTICK.
r WISH to employ a good TANNER Will
rwt sv."
Norwoodaville. gerjer eo., Not. 29, J 865.
37-4*
FOR SALE.
ONE large, Six Mule WAGON and THAN,
SpleX W.p.»
Wholesale a.yd retail
x'i fi <■
i
■ » MLC <i
WASHINGTON ARKANSAS. j ’
DRS. SMITH & SCARBOROUGH,
(st tffF.s.-rms to mooile * smith,)
TJAX E opened and now offer for sale in the i
A. J. building foi nt -rly occiip e<l by DOCTORS !
MOORE A SMI'J'H, a large and carefully se
lected stock of Fresh and G- nuine
Consisting in part of
Drugs, Meilicines, Chemicals.
Paints, Oils. Dye Stuffs.
Perfumery, Surgical Instilments,
Brushes, Flavoring Extracts
Spices, Tobacco, bnutf, Ac.
— ALSO —
SUPERIOR LIQUORS,
I And in short, everything that is usually kep’
in such an establishment
I’articular attention paid to filling prescrip
tious And orders.
Would do well to call and examine our stock |
and prices.
SMITH A SCARBOROUGH.
XX’asldngthd, Nov I, H<x r >. ,aJ-tf
— i
Sale of Town Property’
By virtue of and in pursuance of a c-u."'‘e
of the Hon. Circuit Comt for Hempstead
county, Atkausas, m chaugi ry sitting, rend, r- d
in the css--of John R. Eakin vs. Itauiel GiHEn,
administrator et. ale., 1 will proewd to exp. ■.
for sale. an<i s- 11 to tie- big!. bie hr, ->i . i.
at public ;-i n. at .:i<- .-oiut-house doer, in
th--town ot Xl'asiiington. on fatur.lav, th-- t.th
day ot January, 18W«, the valuable lot ui h a
two story building of offi.-s, situated on tie
court house square, jti said.town, naw occtipi<-d
by said Eakin, and d- s< riL-d a> follows: •‘Be
ginning twenty-tiv • feet from ‘lie seuth-w<*st
corner on the public square, and running north
with Hamilton street Hyeniy-five t<. t, and ex
tending back into th coUrt-ltuuAe square s--v
--enty-five feet.” Said sale i- made f< r partition
and will be bona fide to the highest bidder.
The property is very desirabl- for renting, and
i.u constant demand. Sale to lie opened at 12
o'clock, M Ih e attention of the public is in
vited to this iuvestnieut. The pio<ding in
court is amicable, and the till.- indisputable.
WYATT C. THOMAS.
Commissioner.
Dec. 13. 1865. * 38-
E. M NAIR II GARDBS
mcnair & gardes,
AND
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
NO. 74 COMMON STREET,
New Orleans.
IT' Particular r a 'd to purchasing
Plautation and ic.
D**c 6. 1865. 37-ts
AUGUSTUS m.Of'K.late V* It Itlock. t BRtTTIX.
BLOCK & ISRITI I’x,
AXD
COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. »*-i Common St., Opposite City Hotel,
NEW ORLEANS. t
Particular attention g.vett to consignments
of Cotton.
| Dee. 6. 1865. 37 tt t
The New Orleans nd Ouachita Steamer j
1 A. I’ll
MILLIE STEPHENS,
E. LANGHORN, Master. •
FrJHE above named S’catner , ftf JX e
A has been fitted tip in the S
bempossihlestyjc.And will lake iXWSwSSSar; t
herplace in the Ouachita trade as soon as the c
rite; will admit of it. For freight or passage 1
apnjy on board. M
Pec. 6, 1865, 37-6 tn 11
PHOTOGRAPH GALLERY. ■
A. L. WARNER
«- 1
TTAS re-opened al the old stand, and pre- (J
Al. pared to take Photograph, Frnotype and f
Opaltype. A large supply of Albums. Card j
Yirtures of Confederate Generals, and Gilt f
fen<•e, oval and square, constantly kept on t
1. Particular attention given to the copy- j
'“to. fading Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes ,
'*!’k»?liotugraplt style. Thorough instruction t
• e Art Price SHiO. t
‘’Mingtou, Nov. 8, 1865. 36-ts ’j
it
» *’"YMutns A. T. Hawthorn. «
1 V" ’ «
MA yriw.
’ <<ls GENERAL j
Merchants, J
Mo. C’arondelct •L,
lumber,J
’ • j bahmk j
nnoTlll:it,
BA ?4i< p-;us. I
AGENTS, J
LITTLE ROCK, -- \ARK’S ’
Guvvninient Sepuriti-s.V ’ silv ,. r ,
cltang-, and Um-urr. nt M’'>'*u\ht and Sold 1
CullecUons promptly made atm for ,
’• REFER TO
Messrs Fisk A- Hatch, Banl.-tt, « York '
Third National Bank, St. Louis, ' ' I
Franklin Insurance Co., Memphis. i
Dec. 6,1 37-ts I
For Sale or Rent.
A FARM, having about Eighty Ae. so s <
clean’d I-and, two miles from XX , n ;
’ JGood Dwelling and out buildings. Apply‘ llv l
mediately to
A. B. WILLIAMS. <
Washington, Dec. 13, 1865. X-3 I
• , , . i
}* Tanyard for Sale.
AK7" E off ‘’ r for ,ale our TA *' YAKD M
W stock on hand, together with Dwelliu;
House and Lot containing Ten Acres of Ij«nd
situated immediately in Uie town ot Boston,
Bowie county, Texas Apply to L- H Nor
wood. Bevier county. Ark., or A- M. XX ilson,
I, Boston, Texas. norwood&W i LSON
Nov. 29. 1865 37 *’
Kox<; of the Fki ehmex —(YuOrT-ansst ,
ne<v Adams, y-sterdai r-:t« riio- n. th r-- so up
on the < uru-ston<* a grav-haired u- gro man; his
face was buried iu hie l-atids: tears crept through
Ins toughened tir-grrs. and groans melted the
h-art --I .aeli ,'•*»»•:-t>y When questiem d, be
said fl at he must die; that he 1 -1 no bum’;
that he was sick, nu-l no one care-i lor him now.
Listen to his story. It is tul liu truthful verse '
by A. K. XX'a’sun:
A freedman sat on a pile of bricks,
As the tain was pattering down;
His siio-» were worn an<l l.is eoat was torn
And his bat was without tfcrown.
He viewed the clouds and h- vi- wed himself.
And shook the Wet liuiuliis head.
And a tear dintm-'d his eye as he saw go by
A boy with a leal <»: br- ad.
And he raised his v..ice in adolesome tone,
Tint sounded like a gong,
XX'hilethe rain cam-- down on l:is nappy crown '
And he sang to hints If this sot g.
De wind blows e-dd. but 1 s done w id toil,
And let! de cotton patch;
I guess ole tuass'i titik he count
De chickens 'font dey hatch,
I totes no more de heaby lead,
Nor drives old missus round;
I wonder who dey’s gwine to get
To work de patch oh ground?
Den fling away d-- rake.snd hoe,
Dis ant de jubilee:
Derain may eume. de wind may b.ow, j
But bre s de Lord l's tier!
But I titik Li t idg!i‘ as I tried to sle--p
Upon de muddy ground,
XX’.'nb de rain was U ippiu’ on my hrad
Ai.d d-‘ wind was whizzin' round.
I'd I ke to ha-1 iny .iriit’uod fire
And my cabin back again
For de weddet ' g- tthi b. rty cold
Ou’ here in all dis rain
But d- n i’s >lo“ c w ‘d de rake and hoe,
Dis am de jubilee;
Derain may edm', d *nd may b.ow, ,
But br- s’s ae Lord l's tree!
l's got all ragg i'uout d<- knees; (
My shears is wo.n out too; ,
My coat so old dat from each sleevo
De elbow’s contiu frou. ,
Anu dere's de children dat once played
In shirt-tail ‘bout d • yard —
I cannot buy a shirt lor -h m, ■ (
De time's so b j;y luird,
But fling away de rak- and hoe,
Dis ant da jubilee;
Dr raiu may come, a • wind may blow,
But brt-ss d<- Lord l’s tree.
De udder day when Pinky di J.
I tiuk it berry g- e«i.
Dat de dear Lord should tak • h<*r off
Before dis cobi wind l.iowed;
But den ’twaa hard tvs- - -; tier die—
I « ish she'd not l« -a burn —
l's ’fiaid she peiish<-d, for she asked
About de rice and coin.
Bui den l's done wid da rake and hoe, ;
Di« ant de jubilee: ]
De rain may come, dr wind may blow,
But bn ss de Lu:d I s tree.
And Dinah sits -L re o'n de ground
And looks so thin and poor;
Siu- cannot sing de songs she sung
About de cabin door,
H.rp or old limbs are almost bare.
Hoi che.'k bom-'s cornin’ froo;
I almost wish de L"r«i would come
And take her up dire too.
But den she's done wid de rako tn’ uoe,
Dis am de jubilee;
De rain may come, de wind may blow.
But bn ss de Lord l's free!
I dream*, las' night old m ssa come
And took ns horn-- w?d he.
To dr log cabin dat we let,
XVhen first dey set us free;
And dere 1 bnil' de light'ood fire
And I’inah cook d the yam,
Dey say dat dreams are sometimes true;
I wonder if dis one am
But d-n l's flung away de hoc.
To bnb a jubilee; |
De rain may com -, de windmaj blow,
But bress de Lord l’s free!
PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE.
Fellote-Citizei-.s of the Senate and
House of R>pr. sentatires:
• To exprtsa gratitude to God in the uam.* of
th" p epi.-foi lb" pi-s r-.ition of the Unit-d
Bta.es, la mj titstUutj in and.•s.-ing you. He
Xlien reieis iu the death of Mr. Lincoln, .fed
pays an eloquent tribute to his memory; and
speaking ol the ndadlion. and the relations of
the istates to the (jov- rtim- Ut, sa’s, it iias pow
er to enforce the laws, punish reason, and in
sure domestic tranquility i case ot the usurpa
tion oi th-- Guv- i tun*nt «»f a State oraiiolig.u
chy. The Constitution is our sheet-anchor,and
rhe very gr- ata-ss ot our country should aliay
all fears of an usurpation ot pow-r or encroach
ments by the G-u-'ial Governin' nt. Theevents
of the last tour years, he hop- s has established
lorever the fact, that there is n<> ippeal tj
force. The maibt-nance of the Union, brings
with it the state governments iu al! of their
rights, but ne state has the right to renounce
its own place in the Union, oi nulti.y the laws
of friie same The largest iiberuhty will be
maintained it. the discussion ot the acts ot the
Fedi rai Gover.'meut, bitt there is no appeal
iloiri its laws save to the Government itselt. nr
the ;>eople who grant to the Legislatures and
Executive but a limited pow- r, retaining them
selves the power ot redress. e sovereignty 1
of the States is the language oi the Confedera
cy and not the language of the Constitution
The Constitution and the laws of the United
States and the law s that shall be made in pur
suance tbcr-’uf, :uid all tevati.-a made or which
shall be made under that authority, shall be the
Suptetii" law of the land, and the Judges in ev
ery State shall b bound tin t- by, all btate con
stitutions or laws to tiie i omrary, notwithstand
ing. The United Slates Govi ruiu- ut is a lim
ited one and so is that of every Slate. He then
r ifi-rs io the condition ol tin- country w heu :r
took tiis seat as President, and in sp< aking of
the great work of reconstruction, says, that
military guverniiients establish d for an inde
finite p. i-M in the States lately iu r. hellion,
would have --tiered no secmtlj fin the early
nuppresxir n of th-- discontented, and would on
ly have div id- d tie p- opb- inio the vanquisheis
and th- vanquished, and would have etiv- Hom
ed hatr- d rather that! restored ass etion, and
should have - ntaiie-l an incalculable and ex
hausting expense upon the country. Pracfui
emig-atiun t r ami from that country is one «f
the best m- ans of restoring harmony, and < mi
gration would have been prevented, for w hat
emigrant from abroad, or good citizen at home, i
would place himself willingly under military ■
rule The chief followers of the army would '
have been dep-'tidetit on the g- n-Tal Govitu
meut, or men who expected profit from the mis- ,
eries of th-'ir erring teilow-ctuz-'ns. The pow
ers ol patronage and rule which would nave
been exercised under the President over a vast
and populous and naturally wealthy region, are
fr- at'-r than, unless under extreme necessity, .
shoul<i Le willing to entrust to any one man,
and as for hims'it, he never could consent to
exercise them nnlcM, on occasions of great
em-rgency. If continued through a period of
years they would have endangered the purity of
the g--n- ral Administration, and the liberties of
States which remained loyal under the policy
of military rule over a conquered territory,would
have implied that those ttates whos-- inliabi- |
, tants had tak--n pa. t in the rebellion, had, by
he acta of those inhabitants, o as. d to exist.—
'Hie true theory is, that all pretended acts of
se:.-ssiou, from the first, are null ami raid —
bta i's cannot commit treason, nor can the indi
v>dial who may have couimitt>-d treason, make
'•’•‘‘lid treari-'S or engage in lawful commerce
’■ Mh Ureign powers. The Siat- s atteiiiptinjj to
i, i-Seiie have placed th«-msrlv--s iu a condition
**re their vitality was impaired, but not ex
f'lnMiabtd, their fanctiona extendi d but not
But if sny State refusesor neglects
to perform its offc-s, there is mure n-'-‘d th
the general governmentsli- uhi maintain ab its ;
authority, and as soon .ts pi ssible r.-siim- the
exercise of all its functions, m i on this pi i-u i- I
pie I have acted, and gradually and quietly,;
and by almost imperceptible steps, s--ug.it to
restore th-’ rightful energy of th-' grm i'ai Gov- !
erum. tit an'’ tha - of the 8 ates, «n<l to that end ;
I Provisional Gov rnors have ie n appoint- -1 for |
. tbe States. Conventiot s call-- ri-ten is •■. -ct-
I ed, Legislatures .--s inl-i <i. and IS. nators and ;
i Representatives chosen to th-‘ U-mgi- ss <-f the
I United States, al the saaxi tint-' tin- Ui.it-'-l >'ai.-s
courts as fill as ;>ossinie have u- - n n-.-i--.--d. in
'order that the laws might be .liforc.-d tl r-orgli ‘
their agency. His policy of reconstruction h*
• ku--w was attended with risk, its sui-c- as r« -pair
ed the :eq ie-c< nee of 11---otat-- it coUc- rns.
and resumption of their all-gianc- 1 :'-••! func
tions as Stat-s ol the camnan Union. This
risk must be taken, itt the chat.ees-f difficulties
iit is the smallest, and u> diiniuisi-. and it possi
ble remove all danger, the puw.-i to pal ion
had b- ca ass- rt--d. As no b-ia e ;;-:i d-r—id
treason, this power is rested <-xe* siv.-ly iu the
Executive, and had be.-n cautiously its -d. flie I
next great step was an iuvi-a ion to them to j
participate in the amendm--nt ot th.- (.'ojsiitu
tion rendered necessary by th- abi-li.h.n u. sla
very. In order to grati y the wish of -Very '
patriot and gr: nt a g-tiera! ami sty.ther. slivukl [
be perfect harmony between the late L- luger
etits and the niaintaiiiane-- of the Ut.i •» i:; nr- •
i rd by the ra ideation - f the prop.-s.-d :-ni nd 1
I merit. So long as its adoption is •I--1.--V ■d. s-i j
I! ng will doubt, j-alottsy an 1 tin ■<rraiury pre- p
vail. This measure wi.l efface h • sail in tuory ■
of the past, aud call popuiatl >n. e.-q :': ! :-n . si-- I
curity to those States, and it is not t—> inii h to I
ask of them this pledge of loyalty, :-.;id until it ;
is d -ne, no nutter iiow much it may In- -t- si.-d, j
the past ern never be forgotten, an l-.nr ■ a-lopt 1 .
.-1 we are again reunited b- y-nd mi p-aers of
disriipti.il. ami fellow citizens >f ti.e 8 nt- .nd
Hi u»e ot Representatives, it is foryou to ju-tg--, '
each of you. tor yourselves, ot' tin- election 1
returns and qualifications of your own nu m- I 1
I. .-. i'
He urges th- early res-orati-m of the dr -uit I '
Courts ol the United States within the South- i '
era States, in order that the laws maybe en- I
fo:c--d, as it is manifest, ticasuti th- i<ms> tla
gt ant has be.-n e-mimittcd. Th' parti-s thus •'
ctiatg-d should have a fair and impartial i
trial in order that th • country and th- laws mitt 1
be tully vindicated, the truth cl- atly - stabiislt-L
ed that treason is a crime that should be pun- !
ished, the olf-Ttsc mad- infamous, and th- ques- .
lion s-ttled forever.
The case of the freedmen had engaged Lis ■
nit’s: serious consideration, 'i o iss-.te pn-cla- '
mativn granting universal suffrage woulu i -ve ;
been an assumption of power wh;-.'h nothing :
in the Constitution or laws would have tvarr-'U- .
ted. The power belongs ;o th- .States al-n-.
Every danger of conflict is tints av .IF-d by sl
lowiug each State to settle the qttes : in lor it- i
self. In his judg inent tin- ft- edtnen by pa- t
i-ence, and an exhibition of manly virtues, will j
seon--r obtaia this right through th-- -States than
through the g- uetal Gov- rnm-ut even if it .iad I
the power to intervene. But good faith requires
the security of the freedmen in their lioeity,
their property, their right to labor and claim .
their just reward. He could not t-?--strongly ;
urge the dispassionate treatment of this aubject.
He oppos. d th-forced removal and coloniza-;
I tion ot ,h.- freedm- n; let us rath-r encourage;
! th- tn to honorable and useful industry wh-ie it -
I may be beuifieial to then>Selr>-s and the conn- '
tr ■. '1 h ■ public ii-t r- -t woui ibeb- st promo- \
j tel if the several States wonl-1 provide s-b quate .
' proteoion and remedies fur the fr< edtnen, and J
. until this is done there can be n -chanc- for the
i advantageous use of their labor, and the blame
of ill success w ill not lest on them.
He predicts lor the GulfS:-:. s a glorious fu
ture w hen th y shall have b- co.in- densely j op
i ulattxl as they doubtless will be, by emigra.iou
from the North, ami the most densely pupula
ted C'-ujiti i- s ot Europe
He was utt- rly opposed to a tax upon tEe
transit of travel or commerce botwi-en States,
and the power o. Congress should not be used
to prevent the free circulation of men and mt r- .
lejruudize, a tax upon which, constitutes one of :
,he worst forms ot monopolies, which is increas
ed if coupled with a denial ot the choice of
routes. This should be sternly gu trde-1 against
by appropriate legislation wi.eiu the limits of
1 the Constitution;
The report of the Secretary of the Int- rior
shows the condition ut th-- Public Lands, the ■
i transactions ot tne Patent Ollie--, tn Pension i
Bureau, th- manag-nt nt-1 our Indian Affairs,
and ttie progress ot ih-- Pacine Raiuoad, and,
ario, the su -ces.-ful oj-eratien of th- Hom- stead
Act. under which --ne million one hunJr-d and
sixty thousand five hundred and I’tty-iJire- acres
ot the Public Lands were futeied during the
ti c .l y- ar, during which more ttixn um -so irth j
the whole was sold or t'theiW’jse -lispus-xi of,
the rec- ip’s of these sal- S b< ing sutnei--ut to
cover the exp -US.-s in. id-nt to the surveys and
disjoeal-of thelaids. Oi-tlie tiiirri-th of d nite
the number oi Pensions wrs ’.>'■>, r.-qa-niig
f -r theii annual pay, exclusive of ineir < xpcu- ,
s s. SB,( 23,445. 1 ut owing to the large increase
of applications a much larger amount will be
required for the next fisca' year.
i'he report of the Post Master G.-neral pre
s utsau encouraging account of the op- rations
of that Department. The t.-v-uues of pack
ages from the loyal States alone, greatly exceed
th-- receipts from all the States previous to the
war, in the sum of $6.038,tr.'i. The annual
average increase of the Rev.-uue of the tour i
years preceding the rebellion was $3,583,745.
P:ogress has been made in restoring the pos
tal service in the Southern States, and u:g--sthe 1
granting of subsidi--s Ocean Mail St autship ,
1 lines npou established routes, aud favors the j
continuance of the present system of limiting
their compensation to the Postage earnings. (
The n port of the Secretary of the Navy
shows, that at the b-giuuiug of the present
year, there were in commission 530 vess-.-ls of
all classes, arm-'d with 3UOO guns and manned
by 51,0U0 men. The present number in com
mission, is 117 with 83d guns, aud 12.12 m men.
It advocates the eilugem.-nt of the Navy
Y’ard and the establishment of one in fresh wa
ter for the iron clads, aud also for a chang--
of location, aud the enlargement ot th" Naval
Academy.
The report of thc#e< r -tary of War gives a
g neral summary of the campaigns of 1864 and
1865, and the o;>eralions of the g. n -ral Aiiniin
istratiou of the Bur.-au during the past
Tn- whole National force on the first of .-lay,
18-55, numbered 1,U0U,516. It is pro; o --d io te
i.u -e the military establishment to a p -ace foot
ing, comprehending 50,(MH) tro-ips ut all arms,
uiganize-1 so as to admit of an enlargement by
filling the ranks to 82,600. if circ.iuistanees
should require it. Eight hundred thousand vol
unteers have been musleied out. and the work
of further reduction was b ing pushed forward.
The war estimate h.id be. u reduced iiutn $516,-
' 240.131 to $33,814,461
' The report of the Secretary of the Treasury
shows in d- tail the operations of that Bureau,
aud the estimates for the next fiscal year.
The Pieaident urges the adoption of a good
i Revenue sxstem, which, rays he, is the lite of
an organ z--d government; and referring to the
financial condition of the country,says we must
, aim at nothing less tbqir a complete • ti
of the financial evils that necessarily followed
a state ot civil war- The ea li -st remedy must
be applied to ilie deranged slate of the curren
cy, and we should not s rink iron; a
policy, w hich, without, being oppressive to the
peopjtt, would immediately begin to affect a re
duction of the d-bt, and discharge it fully with
in a defined and fixed number of years. It is
our first duty to earnestly prepare for our re
covery from the ever increasing evils of an ir
redeemable currency, and - ails upon - very citi
xea to assist, by the means point- d out, in has
tening the ret mu of a gold standard. By a
gradual reduction of the currency can we save
tue business ot the countiy, fr< nt disastrous
caluaitii a or by grad-tally funding in securi
ties, to be made redeemable at tl-e pl- xsure of
the Government, lu r. feniug to the National
• cebt, he says we shi ul I not look u|>oti it as a
National oiesnng.but a heavy burd non the in
dustry of the country. The exp ndi.uie ot the
pr-sent y-ar. ending 31Hh ol Jun-, 1866, as es
timated uy the S-'crrt.iiy of trie I reasury. will
exceed th- r ceipts $112,194,4 (7. bn* it is also
| estimated that the revenue fur the same year
' will exceed the expenditure* in the sum of
$111.6-2,bi", which sum might b- applied to
I that reduction of the public d- t-t, which on th"
31st of < »ct- ber. 1 ’65, was $2 740.854,7u»i. Ho
i had faith tha: it aii would b-- r<-d--- »i--d in a a
' aonable time, and that as -utr fiats <»f arms ba-1
amazed th world, so sbonll we show our su
p tiority i-y the prompt an J fairlrtul -liscbargo
of our i .ciii.ul obligations
The Department of Agriculture, n.i ler its
p is-nt Director, had eccompl’sh-’d much !••-
I wa-ds d .v-doping anil utilizing the vast agri
cultural ccp -Lilid-s of the country.
As r-garus our Foreign Relations, it had 1-e’u
■»n-i would la* Iris constant aim to promote jieace
and amity with all Nations awl Powers, and h"
bad every r- as’-u to b*’li- - ve that th- y.. without
an exception, were animat-d l.y the Baine dis
position. Our relations with the Enipeior ot
China, so recent in their origin, were the most
friendly, and our commerce wi h that D-tniit
i ion is swining new developin' tris
j The unbroken harmony oetweenottr Govern
ment aud the Emperor ut Russia is secur ng
i new support from the telegraphic eiiterp:i
--| w hich is to connect the two Gi-vernm-n's, as
I also, are our South American Relations.
Our doin-siie co:it- st, now Happily end- *! hi‘
left some traces with oue, at least. Os the grout
j tnaratitn- j-ow-ts. Tie lurnixi acrordan.-e ->t
l-llig-Teiit rights to :h • insiirg-nt States was
t unprecedented and teas not been justified by th
• issue, bn: by the syst- in- 1 ot lu titrality pu:s:te>l
j by the Powers which made that cot.c --ion.
th- re was a niaiked diti -rence. Mat-rials <•(
' .rar for the insurgents wi-re furnished from ih
; workshops of Great Britain, and British ships.
|ma ned by British subjects and j repart'd fr r
r e-ving British : ra:a nents sai d f oin British,
ports to m: k-- war upon our commerce, under
sh :t r of controls: ions trom the insurgents, the
mutt of w hich was niost disastrous to the in
surgent States by increasing (heir mis- iy tir'd
' d- sojation by prolonging the ira-.r-n 1 did mudi
| to drive our flag from the seas anu tranat- r much
■ of our shipping and cemm-'iee to those powers
I whose sm-j-'cls had created this nec-s.-.; y. His
I sincere desire for peace had l--d linn to ,-pp.ov
i sugg stions already made, to submit the ques
tions *c arbitration. They would Lav-' ioii.-
| mauded the attention ol all the great Powers.
aud:r s ■ interv uv--n with the peace and in
| tere.t of every one of t i tn :-s t> ii:-v.
I • nab-.'d an impartial decision, (-teat Britiau
; declined the arbitranient and invited us to a joint
i commission to B~ttle mutual claims, from wnicb
| those, fur these depndatiot s were excluded
which were declined. 1 lie United Bta.es di 1
not preaent the question as an imp- ael. meut
■ the faith of a power which professed the uio-<t
i friendly feeling and disposition, but as invo.v
--i-ig ’n at <l’t 'sti'-us of taw - ss- tidal t<> the p sac*
lof n .tiotis. A p cunary comp- nsation was xot
the prin-ary object, it was to the interi-st of
I peace and justice, to establish the principles of
f inteinational law. The English Minister rests
• his grounds for justification on the grounds that
the municipal law of a i-ation and thedoiwatic
■ interpretation of that law are the meas'iresof
I its duty as a neutral, but he f-lt luutrid to declare
| before the world that ti at justification could
! nut lx-sustained before the tijbunal ot nations,
b it would not advise any attempts at redr- ss by
I legislation, as the fiuture frieadahip of ths two
i countries must rest on flic basts of mutual jus-
I t * ce -
Tliecorr-sr-ondeneeb'’* wren th- United States
' and France which have becom- subjects -f dis
’ H- i-sion between the two Govcrusueuia will be
I laid before you at the proper time.
At the organization ut our Govornment.YV ash
( ington, it: his addr» ss to Congress, said t-iax the
I pers-Tvatiau of the sacred fire of liberty and the «
destiny of a R-publican model of Gov< rum nt
are considered as finally staked on the experi
ment entrusted to the American people, aud the
i Hous - ot Representatives answereu him, “we
adore the invisible hand that has b d the Amer
‘ ican people through so many difficul'ies, to
cherish a cot.s ious r< sponsibility for t'-ie Je--i
--ny of r- publicnn liberty.” More than- seven y
| years have passed since then, and the Nati u
■ has passed through s- v- ier trials w-ra
foreseen; and n--w at this new ep.n-h iu ourex
■ isU-nce, purified by sorrows aufl strengthened
by conflict, and establish- d by th- virtue <-f the
' people, th" greatness of the occasion inv'f -s us
' once mure to solemnly repeat these words, aud
; hold ourselves answerable for the success < f
our Government, and considering all the suc-
I cess that has attended us, who says he will not
join with me in the j riyer that the Invisible
hand which has i-d us through tim cloud that
glowered our path, will guide ill oil ward to a
peaceful resolution of affection, that we, of this
day. may Ire able to transmit our great inheri
tance ot State Govei um-uts iu their rights of
' the g-neral Government in its wiioh- Cuustifrt
tion.il vigor to ou. posterity, and h-y to ttieirs
through coitntl as generations
(Sign d) ANDREW JOHNSON.
YVashingtun, D -c. 4. 1’65.
A Farce.—“ You cun't make a silk purse out
of a sow’s ear.” The election returns of th«
' Congressional election, h«id on th". Sth Octo
ber last, rs pubi.shed in the Murphy organ,
show that shough they had the thing in their
own hands entirely, thsy are not yet able to
make a B'ate Government out ot a cab!"—a
baud of adventurers—a of political
wreckers. The. vote of the .State of Arkansas
i should be fifty thousand at least. The only
| district in which the election approached to any
thing like “loyalty," in th ■ niimt-eruf test votes
cast, was e the First District In that popu
lous distr '-nly 1,011 votes wen- cast, <Jwbi<-h
i Judge W T. Byers, the anti-radical candi-
: date, rec-’ ’ 653 test oath votes, and 834 test
1 oath xo'-s. Jail.
i In the S -•< n i District, comprising the por>n
lation of Little Reck, which,-rxeluunig tiie u -
11 itary, is nearly ten thousand, the whole num
| ber of votes return d iu compliance with the
I disfranchising law, is 429, of which Kyle, radi
cal, is certified to have received 133, aud Gib
son, anti-radical, 125. The whole iniu-ber <-t
I votes cast, “loyal” and “disloyal,” in tne Sec
ond District, were 2,530!
In the Third District, the whole number of
j test oath, or “loyal” votes cast, was 87. Loy
-1 alty would seem to be at a discount.if this wet"
1 a test, in ’he dis tri. tin whish Go‘". o Ma -
■ p> y lias always lived, and which polled no otl
■|er - ban Union votes in 1860. Os these J. M
Johnson, of Governor Muphy's town of Hunta
- i ville, got 70, a majority of 53. Upon this vote
' i he proposes to take his seat in the next Cou-
■ gr--ss at the United States. The whole p--l- ot
■ ■ all sorts of v -t- s iu this District, was 1.2'2.
’ To res it tue; The number of votes cast in eon i
-1 plianee with the Election A<-f, “so call d." of
■ 1 May 31st, 1864, known as the d:«fran--iiis!ng
• act. was—in the First District, iu the .'ec-
i ond District, 429: i i the Thifl Dwtrl-lT? —-aic: in
all. 1,355, out of a voting . M » ltll jatiou
(KM>! ‘ ‘
These facts will ftnnish t 0 4 ;j z , lIR an ,i ~t rJGI.
gers, some idea of the a«r<!,- t h a nd of
th’j oligarchy wnk*h | O r«*pr<*Bt*ul clihmi
as a Government, to issue lig(1 Bounding p Ol
lain.itious, appoint Judge- c , n t h,. iw i lves
Guv-r.ior, Secretary ot .Adjutant ie • ,1,
j &c..Ac ; rtiese tact* wil B . r<e t u convince
j ;he I resident, who is an o f the ret.re-
j aentnt.ye form of guverp fn .. ntt th „ t w . n „
■ B'tc' government in Ar K:IBgMS . about thir
ty-nine fortieths of the have no voice in
!' l ,u *‘ l »c affairs. No wouj„ r t j, at t j„.. Bv ? Ilt
would !n:e to call intthe' e negro to sw--l; th u
j numbers. In this ele<-tj on mev see th- ir doom
■ written, ts not by th- h: ,; id |Jie W>|J
by the pan ot the Becx etar - o f State, in the Gas -
; ernor sown organ. And we are told that i
pectabie nieu arc willi Il{r t .. bend the neck to
i he yoke of this puny task-master—to recog
' ; nize the acts of this -b no-- ul bnrie.-qii" r ,.
1 publicanism—from modves ot policy} The best
■ | policy, as we und ts'.Vi-I it. is tu -lo right, to
1 tollow established pi itn-ipies, and w<*h th,.
' hands of fraud, whenever it soils them, whether
it promises to be expedient or uot.
yi «- R. Pantograph
t kF"The Lontwiana l- gislarure um eWed Col.
» J O. Nixon, of the Ciesc-’ni, a* print- r
NO. 39.

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