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OniEP JUSTICE MARSHALL.
'Marshall was noted for extreme plainness or
period and address, and a childlike simplicity
of character. Ills carelessness of his personal
attire, In early life particularly. la well known,
and on one occasion, (as stated in the JAleraiy
Messenger,) while travelling, occasioned his
beirif refused admittance into a public house.
On toe decision which we are now to relate, It
caused htm the loss of a generous fee. Mar
shall, when just rising on the professional lad
der, was one morning strolling through the
streets of Richmond, attired in a plain lineu
roundabout and shorts, with his hat under his
arm, from which he was eating cherries, when
he stopped on the porch ot the Eagle Hotel, in
dulged in some little pleasantry with the laud
lord, and passed on. Mr. 1'., an elderly gen
tleman from the country, theu present, who had
a case coming on before the Court nf Appeals,
Was referred by the landlord to Marshall, ns the
less, languid air of the young lawyer had so
jrejuuicea jur. s, wai no rerusea w cngngo
lim. On entering court. Mr. P. was a second
iiiue rcierreu 10 uim uj ine cierit ui me court,
and a second time he declined. At this mo
ment entered Mr. V., a venerable looking legal
gentleman,in a powdered wig and black coat,
whose dignified appearance produced such an
impression upon Mr. 1'., that he at once en
gaged him. In the first case which camo on,
HarshJUl and Mr. Y. both addressed the court.
The' vast Inferiority of his advocate was so
apparent, that, at the close of the case, Mr. P.
introduced himself to young Marshall, frankly
stated the prejudice which had caused him, in
opposition to advice, to employ Mr. V. ; that he
extremely regretted his error, but knew not how
to remedy it He had come into the city with
one hundred dollars, as his lawyer's fee, which
he had paid, and had but five left, which, if Mr.
Marshall chose, he would cheerfully give him
for. assisting in the case. Marshall, pleased
with the incident, accepted the offer; not, how
ever, without passing a sly joke nt the omnipo
tence of a powdered wig and black coat. Mar
shall was accustomed to go to market, and fre
quently unattended. Nothing was more usual
than to see bim returning at sunrise, with
poultry in one hand and vegetables in the
On one of these occasions, a would be fash
ionable young man from the North, who bad
recently removed to Richmond, was swearing
violently because he could hire no one to take
home his turkey. Marshall stepped up, and,
ascertaining of him where he livid, replied,
" That is my way, and I will take it lor you."
When arrived at his dwelling, the vouns man
inquired, " What shall I pay you ? " "0, noth
ing," was the rejoinder, "you are welcome j it
was on my way, and no trouble." " Who is
that polite old gentleman who brought home
my turkey for me ? " inquired the other of a
bystander, as Marshall stepped awav. " That."
replied he, "is John Marshall, Chief. Justice of
mo united stales, the young man, astounded,
exclaimed, " Why did he bring home my tur
key ? " " To give you a scere reprimand, and
teach you to attend to your own business," was
ANECDOTE OF Dlt. NOTT, OF UNION
On an evening preceding Thanksgiving, not
many years ago, two students left the college
with the foul intent of procuring some of the
doctor'a.fine fat chickens, that roosted iu a tree
adjoining bis house. When they airived at
the spot, one ascended the tree, while the other
stood with the bae. readv to receive the plun
der. It so happened that the doctor himself
bad just lelt bis bouse, with the view of secu
ring the same chickens for his Thanksgiving
dinner. The rogue under the tree, hearing
some one approaching, immediately crept away,
-without notifying his companion among the
branches. The doctor came up silently, and
was immediately saluted from above as follows :
"Are you ready?" "Yes," responded the
doctor, dissembling his voice as much as possi
ble. The other, immediately laying hands on
the old rooster, exclaimed, " Here's old Prex,
will you have him ? " " Pass him along," was
the reply, and he was soon in the doctor's bag.
" Here's Harm Prex," said the all uuconscious
student, grabbing a hue old hen, "will you
have her?" "Yes," again responded the doc
tor. " Here's son John, will you have him ? "
"Here's daughter Sal, take her." And so on,
until he had gone regularly through with the
doctor's family and chickens.
The old man walked off in one direction
with the plunder, while the student, well satis
fied with his night's work, came down and
streaked it for the colleze. Great was his as
tonishment to learn from his companion that
ne nao. not, got any cnicxens ; and, it be gave
tbem to any one, it must bave been to Dr.
Nott. Expulsion, fines, and disgrace, were up
permoat in their thoughts, until the next fore
noon, when both received a polite invitation
from Jheir president, reqnesting the presence
or ineir company to a inanKsgiving dinner.
To decline was impossible: so, with hearts
full of anxiety for the result, they wended their
wayio me nouse, wiiere they were pleasantly
received by the old gentleman, and, with a
large party, were soon seated around the fes
tire board. Alter asking a blessing, the doc
tor rose from bis seat, and, taking the carving
knife, turned, with a smile to the rogues, and
said, " Young gentlemen, here's Old Prex,
and Mann Prex, son John, and daughter Sal,"
at the same time touching, successively, the re
spective chickens; "to which will you be
helped?" The mortification of his studentj
may be imagined.
Advice to Liteiuuy AsnaANTs. I gay,
then, in deep earnestness, to every youth who
hopes or desires to become useful to his lace,
or in any degree eminent through literature,
teek first of all things, a position of pecuniary
independence ; learn to live by the labor of your
owu hands, the sweat of your face, as a neces
sary step toward the career you contemplate.
If you can earn but three shillings a day, by
rugged yet moderate toil, learn to live con
tentedly on two shillings, and so preserve your
mental faculties fresh and unworn, to read, to
observe, to think, thus preparing yourself for
the ultimate path vou have chosen. At lenetb.
when a mind crowded with discovered or elab
orated truths will have utterance, begin to
write sparingly and terselv for the nearest suit-
able periodical no matter how humble and
obscure if the thought is in you, it will find
its way to those who need it. Seek no com
pensation for this utterance until compensation
shall seek you ; then accept it if an object, and
not involving loo great sacnuces ot mdepend
ence and disregard of mora immediate duties
In this war alone can something like the proper
dignity of the literorr character be restored and
maintained.' But while every man who either
is or believes himself capable of enlightening
others, appears only anxious to sell bis faculty
at the earliest moment, and for the largest
5 rice, I cannot hope that the public will bo in
uced to regard very profoundly either the les
son or (he teacher,
i New No-1 Mess Mackerel
For salt low by ,
BROWNING & KEATING,
353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN ASSOCIA
I). B. French, President.
J. J. Coombs, First Vice President.
Martin Duel), Second Vice President.
Lewis Clephane, Secretary.
Woodford Stone, Treasurer.
John Hines, 0. II. Plant, Job W. Angus, J.
F. Hodgson, James Lynch, O R. Wilson,
and Henry M. Knight, Executive Committee.
Meets nt the Wigwam, corner of Indiana
avenue and Second street, every Thursday
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
J. J. Coombs, President.
G. A. Hall, First Vice President.
A. Duvnll, Second Vice President.
J. 0. Clary, Secretary.
Martin Ducll, Treasurer.
GERMAN REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION.
W. Krzyzanowski, President
Dr. Briegleb, First Vice President.
G. Dilli, Second Vice President.
Joseph Gerhard, Secretary.
John Lcrch, Treasurer.
Meets at Gerhard's Germania, every Tues
day night, at eight o'clock.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
FIFTH AND SIXTH WARDS.
S. A. McKim, President.
George A. Basselt, First Vice President.
George R. Ruff, Second Vice President.
Charles Sleigh, Recording Secretary,
J. L. Henshaw, Corresponding Secretary.
William Dixon, Financial Secretary.
John Grinder, Treasurer.
Meets every Tuesday evening, at Odd Fel
lows' Hall, Navy Yard.
REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF THE
Theodore Wheeler, President.
Edward Lycctt, First Vice President.
A. Edson, S cond Vice President.
William J. Murtagh, Secretary.
William Hendley, Treasurer.
J. R. Elvans, J. Dillon, 0. W. Garrett, Wil
liam Martin, G. II. Lnrcorabc, and G. B. Clark,
Meets at Island Hall, (third story,) corner
of Virginia avenue and Sixth street, every
Wednesday evening, at half past seven o'clock.
GEORGETOWN REPUBLICAN ASSOCI
John S. Paxton, President.
W. W. McNeir, First Vice President
J. W. Dceble, Second Vico President.
II. G. Dninc, Cor. and Rec. Secretary.
Jesse Chick, Treasurer.
WIDE-AWAKES or THE DISTRICT OF
Lewis Clephane, President.
George H. Plant, Vice President
A. C. Richards, Secretary.
Henry M. Knight, Captain.
M. Smith, First Lieutenant.
U. M. Downer, Second Lieutenant.
Meets at the Wigwam e ery Monday even
ing. LADD, WEBSTER, & CO.'S
IMPBOVFJ) TIGHT-STITCH SEWIHO
A few of the many reasons why these Sewing
Machines are prejerrcd above all others.
1. Tbey are remarkably simple in their con
struction. A child can operate tbem, and
understand the mechanism.
2. They are the strongest Sewing Machine
made. It Is almost Impossible to break or get
them out of order.
3. They are ture in their operation; finishing
the work in a uniformly perfect manner.
4. They make a tight lock-tMch, alike on both
ides of the work, which cannot be unraielled.
5. They stitch, him, bmd, fell, run, and gather,
G. They sew equally well the lightest and the
I. They sew over the heaviest seams without
changing the tension or breaking the finest
8. They use any No. of Cotton, Thread, or
Silk, directly from the spool.
9. They use a straight needle; curved ones
are liable to break.
10. The needle has a perpendicular motion.
This is absolutely necessary for heavy Work.
II. They have a wheel fttd; none others are
in constant contact with the work.
12. Tbey run easily and almost noiseless.
1J. They are not liable to oil the dress of the
14. They do not require a screw-driver to set
15. Tbey do not bave tb be taken apart to oil
1C. Tbey do not form ridges on the under side
of the work, nor ravel out, nor are they waste
ful of thread, as is the case with all cham-stitch
17. They are capable of doing a greater range
of work, and in a more perfect manner, than any
other Sewing Machine, as is proved by the result
of our challenge fur a trial, which has never been
LADD, WEBSTER, 4 CO.,
348 Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 26 Janney's Store.
Booms to Let, with or without Board.
APPLY to Mrs. HAimiS, 483 Tenth, between
D and B streets, who has one very fine par
lor and chamber.
Alio, several small rooms.-Charges moder
ate, nor 20
Fine Family Groceries, Teas, &c.
Ray's, Welch's, and Bond's Family Flour.
New Virginia and Pennsylvania Buckwheat.
Fresh Corn Meal.
Choice Goshen IJ utter.
Prime Leaf Lard.
Choice Green and Black Teas.
Keif Sugar-cured Family Hams.
Just received and for sale low by
DROWNING 4 KEATING,
353 I'enn. avenue, near Slzth street.
Corner of Indiana avenue and Stcond strut,
Washington, D. O.
BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A
variety of Business Outs on band, for sale, cheap
for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper.
Organization of the Departments.
The whole machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of cur foreign relations with
all the Powers of tbo world Is far more simple
than Is generally conceived. The number em
ployed la the Department of State of the United
States Is only twenty.elgbt, as follows : One Sec
retary of Btater, (Hon. Lewis Cats,) one Assistant
Secretary of State, (Bon. John Appleton,) one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent or Statistics,
twenty. two Clerks, one Translator, and oa Li
brarian. Diplomatic Branth. This branch of the 8tat
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Department and other dlnlcmatlc
agents of the Unite' States abroad, and tnose of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government.
In it all diplomatic Instructions sent from the
Department, and communications to commission
ers under treaties of boundaries, Ac, are pre
pared, copied, and recorded; and all of like char
acter received are registered and filed, tbetr con
tents being first entered in an analytlo table or
Consular Branch, This branch has charge of
the correspondence, &c.,between the Department
and the comuls and commercial agents of the
United States. In It instructions to tnoieofficers,
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
from other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
The Disbursing Agent. He has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected with
accounts relating to any fund with the disburse
ment of which the Department is charged.
The Translator. -His dnttes are to furnish such
translations as the Department may require. lie
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consuls, when not In English, upon which exe
quaturs are Issued.
Clerk of Appointments and Commissions. He
makes out and records commissions, letters of
appointment, and nominations to the Senate;
makes out and records exequaturs, and records,
when in English, the commissions on which they
are Issued. Has charge of the library.
Clerk of the Rolls andArchhes He takes charge
of the rolls, or enrolled acta and resolutions of
Congress, as they are received at the Department
from the President; prepares the authenticated
copies thereof which aio called for; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that of
treaties, In the newspapers and In book form;
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all document) and pub
lications In regard to which this duty is assigned
to the Department; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. Has charge of all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
Clerk of Territorial Business The Seal of the
Department, ,Jc. He has charge of the seals of
the United States and of the Department, and
prepares and attiches certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter
ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea
men; records all letters from the Department,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
C erk of Pardons and rassportt He prepares
and records pardons and remissions; and regis
ters and files the petitions and papers on which
they are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports; keeps a dally register of all letters, other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
tue disposition made ot them ; prepares letters
relating to this business.
Superintendent of Statistics. He superintends
the preparaticn of the "Annual Report of the
Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1842 and 186.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United States ; A. li. McCalmont, Esq., Assfitt
aut. The ordinary business of this offico may be
classified under the following heads:
1. Official opinions on the current business of
tue Uovernment, as called tor by the 1'resident,
by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor
of the Treasury.
2. Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con
viction in the courts of the United States.
4. Applications for appointment in all the ju
dicial and legal business of the Government.
5. The conduct and argument of all suits in
the Supreme Court of the United States in which
the Government is concerned.
6 The supervision of all other suits arising In
any of the Departments, when referred by the
bead thereof to the Attorney General.
To these ordinary beads of the business of the
office is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims Is California.
Secretary of the Department of the Interior,
Hon. Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis
sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Kelly, Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks,
and ten other regular Clerks ; and to Its super
vision and mauagement are committed the fol
lowing branches of the public service:
lit. The Public Lands. the chief of this bu
reau is called the Commissioner of the Gtneral
Land Office. The Land Barf ou is charged with
the survey, management, and Bale, of the public
domain, and the iesuingof titles therefor, whether
derived from confirmations of grants made by
former Governments, by sales, donations, of
grants for schools, military bounties, or public
Improvements, ai d likewise the revision of Vir
ginia military bounty-land claims, and the issu
ing of scrip in lieu thereof. The Land Office,
also, audits its own accounts. The present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal
ofheers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk
of Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant
Draughtsman, and some ISO Clerks of various
2d. Pensions The present head of this bureau
Is George 0. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com
missioner Is charged with the examination and
adjudication of all claims arising under the va
rious and numerous laws passed by Congress
granting nouniy lanu or pensions lor the mili
tary or naval services in the revolutionary and
ubsequent wars in which the United States have
been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting
of some seventy other Clerks.
3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided
with a Chief Clerk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office. lion. Philip F. Thomas, of
Aiaryiauu, uuuimissioner oi i aients. To this
bureau Is committed the execution and perform
ance of all " a:ts and things touching and re
specting the granting and Issuing of pa'ents for
new and useful discoveries, Inventions, and Im
provement;" tbe collection of statistics rela
'log to agriculture; the collection and distribu
tion of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a
Chief Clerk who is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis
sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant
Examiners of Patents, some dozen subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a consldrrable num
ber of temporary employees. Samuel T. Shu-
gert, Ksq., Utile: uierK.
An act passed at the last session of Congress
provided that all books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore deposited In the De
partment of State, according to the laws regula
ting copyrights, should bo removed to the De
partment of the Interior, which is charged with
all the duties connected with matters pertainln
to copyright ; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of
fice, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of tbe service.
Besld s these four principal branches of this
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1849 transferred to it from tbo Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni
ted States Marshals a' d Attorneys, and the
Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage
ment of the lead and other mines of tho United
States, ai d the affairs of the penitentiary of the
United States In the District of Columbia; and
from tbe State Department tbe duty of taking
and returning the censuses of the Unl ed States,
and of supervising and. directing tbe acts of the
Commissioner of Public Buildings. .The Hospi
tal for the Insane of the army and 'navy and of
the District of Columbia is also under the man
agement of this Department; In addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of
the Interior Is charged with the construction of
the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific
Under act of February B, 1850, " providing for
keeping and distributing all publlo documents,
all tbe books, documents, 4c, printed or pur
chased by tbe Government," the Annals of Con
gress, American Stale Papers, American .Ar
chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the State
Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere
also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty
firth Congress. These valuable works are dis
tributed to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive tbem, and to such "colleges, public libra
ries, athenn-ums, literary and scientific Institu
tion!, boards of trade, or public sssociatlons,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
gress. Tbe Department requires an additional build
ing for its accommodation, and the erection of
one has been repeatedly recommended during
the last few years for that purpose. At present,
the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what
is known as " Winder's Building," while the
other branches of the Department including the
Secretary's office, are all crowded Into the Patent
Office building, tho whole of which will be re
quired at an early day for the use of tho Patent
Office, for which It was originally Intended.
The Treasury Department consists of the offi
ces of the Secretary of tbe Treasury, two Comp
trollers, Commissioner of tbe Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Survey.
The following Is a brief indication of the duties
of these several offices, and of the force employed
Secretary's Office lion, nowell Cobb, Secre
tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; oneEuglneer In Charge; one
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. Tbe Secre
tary ot the Treasury is charged with the general
supervision of the fiscal transactions of the Gov
ernment, and of the execution of the laws con
cerning the commerce and navigation of the
United States. He superintends the survey of
the coast, the l'ght-house establishment, tbe ma
rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con
struction of certain public buildings for custom
houses and other purposes.
First Comptroller's Office. Hon. William Me
dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pro
scribes tbo mode of keeping and rendering ac
counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as
well as tbe public lands, and revises and certifies
the balances arising thereon.
Second Comptroller's Office J. M. Cutts, Esq ,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks. He prescribes
the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts
of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
the public service, and revises and certifies tbe
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel
Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks.
He prescribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering
tbe accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, and for tbe building and repairing
custom-houses, &c.,and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
first Auditor's Offict. Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts the accounts of tbe customs revenue
and disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account of the civil list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports tbe balances
to tbe Commissioner of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to tbe
pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, ami all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports the balances to the Second Comptroller,
for his decision thereon.
Third Auditor's Office Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks.
He receives and adjusts all accounts lor subsist
ence of the army, fortifications, Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
from military cervices previous to 1816, and for
ho sea and other property lost in tbe military
service, under various acts of Congress, and re
ports the balances to tho Second Comptroller, for
his decision thereon.
Fourth Auditor's Office. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq ,
Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for the service of the
Navy Department, and reports the balances to
the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Fifth Auditor's Office. Bartholomew Fuller,
Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic
and similar services performed under the direc
tion of the State Department, and reports the
balances to the First Comptroller, for bis decision
Sixth Auditor's Office Dr. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks,
lie receives and adjusts all accounts arising from
the service of tbe Post Otbce Department. His
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken in
twelve months to the First Comptroller. He
superintends the collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mall con
tractors for failing to do their duty ; be directs
suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
nnd takes all such measures as may be author
ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of
moneys due to the Department; instructing Uni
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
from each term of the United States courts, of tbe
condition and progress of such suits and legal
proceedings ; has charge of nil lands and other
property assigned to the United States in pay
ment of debts due the Post Office Department,
and has power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United Slates.
Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq , Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
the moneys of the United States in bis own
office, and tbatot the depositories created by the
act of the 0th of August, 1846, and pays out tbe
same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp
troller, and upon warrants drawn by the Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, and recorded by tbe Register. He also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pajs out tbe same upon
Register's Office Flnley Bigger, Esq , Register,
andtventy-nlne Clerks. He keeps tho accounts
of public receipts and expenditures ; receives
the returns and makes out the official statement
of commerce and navigation of tbe United States;
and receives from the First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs all accounts and'
vouchers decided by them, and Is charged by
law with their safe keeping.
Solicitor' sOffice. Hon. Junius Hillyer, Solicitor,
nnd six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits
commenced by the United States, except those
arising in Me Pout Office Department,) and Instructs
the United States attorneys, marshals, and
clerks, in alt matters relating to them and their
results. He receives returns from each term of
the United States courts, showing the progress
and condition of such suits j has charge of all
lands and other property assigned to the United
States in payment of debts, (except those assigned
inpayment of debts due the Post Office Department,)
and has power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Light-House Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treasury, ex-officto President; Com.
W. U. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman;
Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy;
Major A. II. Bowman, Corps ol Engineers, Uni
ted States Army; Capt A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United States Army;
Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith
sontan Institution ; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super
intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra
phael Semmes, United States Nary, and Captain
W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, tbe last two being
also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This board
directs the .building and repairing of light
bouses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of
United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. 1)., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, In charge of the
Coast Survey Office; Lieut A. P. Hill, United
States Army, Assistant
Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Chas. A. Schott, In charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal
Lieut Thomas Wilson, United States Army,
In charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting In charge of en
Lieut John It Smead, United States Army, In
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Hein, Disbursing Agent
George Mathtot, ElectrotipliU
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
eignis ana Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. Tbe
direction and management of the Post Office De-
fiartment aro assigned by the Constitution and
aws to tbe Postmaster General. That Its busi
ness may be tbe more conveniently arranged and
prepared for his final action, it is distributed
among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap
pointment Office, In chsrgeof the First Assistant
Postmaster General; the Contract Office, In
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Office, In charge of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General; and the Inspec
tion Office, in charge of the Chief Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq , First
Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen
Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions
which relate to tbe establishment and discon
tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and
names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and ronte and local agents, as also the giving
of Instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which Is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
the use of the Department, and with the superin
tendence of the several agencies established for
supplying postmasters with blanks. To this
bureau is likewise assigned the supervision of
the ocean mail steamship lines, and of the foreign
and international postal arrangements.
Contract (. William H. Dundas. Esq,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, and twenty-six
clerks. To this office Is assigned the
business of arranging tbe mail service of the
United States, and placing tbe same under con
tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of
conveyance, and times of departures and arri
vals on all the routes; tbe course of tbe mall
between tbe different sections of the country,
the points of mall distribution, and the regula.
Uons for the government of tbe domestic mail
service of the United States. It prepares tbe
advertisements for mail proposals, receives the
bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa
sional mall lettlngs, and the adjustment apd exe
cution of the contracts. AH applications for
the establishment or alteration of mall arrange
ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers,
shonld be sent to this office. All claims should
be submitted to It for transportation service not
under contract, as the recognition of said service
is first to be obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for the proper
credits at the Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at the ends of routes receive tbe
statement of mall arrangements prescribed for
the respective routes. It reports weekly to the
Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders
affecting accounts for mail transportation ; pre
pares tbe statistical exhibits of the mail service,
and the reports of the mail lettlngs, giving a
statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts
made, tbe new service originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and the additional allowances
granted within the year.
Finance Office A. N. Zevely, Esq., Third As
sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management of tbe financial business
of the Department, not derolred by law upon
tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with tbe draft
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
the .Issuing of warrants and drafts Inpayment
of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to
mall contractors and other persons, the supervis
ion of the accounts of offices under orders to
deposit their quarterly balances at designa'ed
points, and the superintendence of the rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter
Office, of the Issuing of postage stamps and
stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post
age, and of tbe accounts connected therewith.
To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their
offices ; and those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit ; to him should also be di
rected the weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries of the Department, as welt as all
applications and receipts for postage Btamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Inspection Office. Hen. N. Clement!, Esq ,
Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerki. To this office
is assigned the duty of receiving and examining
the registers of the arrivals and departures of
the mails, certificates of the service of route
agents, and reports or mail failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases thereon tor the action of tbe Postmaster
General; furnishing blanks for mall registers,
and reports of mail failures; providing and
sending out mall bags and mall locks und keys,
and doing all other things which may be neces
sary to secure a faithful and exact performance
of all mall contracts.
All cases of mai' depredation, of violation of
law by private expresses, or by the forging or
illegal use of postage stamps, are under the su
pervision of this office, and ebould be reported
to It. '
All communications respecting lost money,
letters, mail depredations, or other violations ol
law, or mall locks and keys, should be directed,
"Chief Clerk, Post Office Department."
All registers of tbe arrivals and departures of
tbe malls, certificates of the service of ronte
agents, reports or mall failures, applications for
blank registers, and reports of failures, and all
complaints against contractors for Irregular or
Imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection
Office, Tost Office Department"
The Navy Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being tbe office of the Sec.
retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, vis :
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance
and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine
The following Is a statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the force employed
Secretary's Office. lion. Isaac Toucey, Secre
tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq.,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval establishment, and the execution
of all laws relating thereto Is In trusted to him.
under tbe geurral direction of the President of
tbe United State?, who, by tbe Constitution, Is
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy.
All Instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessels, all orders of officers,
commissions of officers both in the navy and
marine corps, appointments of commltsloned
and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment
and discharge of seamen, emanate from the Sec
retary's Office. All tbe duties of the different
bureaus are performed nnder tbe authority of
the Secretary, and their orders are considered
as emanating from him. The general snperln- '
tendence of the marine corps formi also a part
of the duties of the Secretary, and all the orders
of the commandant of that corps should be ap
proved by him.
Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks. Commo
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four
Clerks, one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman.
All the nary yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery In navy yards, and every
thing immediately connected with tbem, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is
also charged with the management of the Naval
Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re
pair. John Lenthall, Esq , Chief of the Bureau,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office
of the Englneer-ln-chlef or the Navy, Samuel
Arcfabold, Esq., is attached to this bureau, who
is assisted by three assistant engineers. This
bureau has charge of tbe bulldirrg and repairs of
all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the
providing of all vessels with their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water tanks, &o. The Engt-necr-ln-chief
superintends the construction of
all marine steam engine-) for the navy, and, with
tbe approval oMhe Secretary, decides upon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. H. Bridge,
Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the
navy, and clothing, together with the making of
contracts for furnishing tbe same, come under
tbe charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt
Duncan Ingraham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu
facture or purchase of cannon, gnns, powder,
shot, shells, Ac, and the equipment of vessels
of war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, Ac, together with such books
as are furnished ships of war. "Tbe United
States Naval Observatory and Hydrographical
Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under tbe general super
intendence of tbe Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. William
Whelan, Surgeon United Btates Navy, Chief of
Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United
States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela
ting to medicines and Viedical stores, treatment
of sick and wounded, and management of hoo-
glials, comes within tbe superintendence of this
Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. B.
Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes
sengers, and one Laborer. Tbe following bu
reaus are attached to this Department
Commanding OeneraVs Office. This -office, at
the head of which is LienlenSM General Scott,
is at New York.
Adjutant Generate Office. Col. Samuel Coop
er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. D.
Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt S. Wil
liams, and Capt J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo
cate, Major Jqbn F. Lee; ten Clerks and one
Messenger. In this office are kept all the records
which refer to the personnel of the army, the
rolls, Ac. It Is here that all military commis
sions are made out
Quartermaster OeneraVs Office, Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Major II.
0. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger ; eleven
Clerks and one Messenger.
Paymaster General s Office. Col. B. F. Larned,
Paymaster General, Lieut Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary General's Office. General George
Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt
A. E. Shlras ; six Clerks and one Messenger.
Surgeon General's Office Gen. Thomas Law-
Bon, Surgeon General j Assistant, Dr. R. C. Wood ;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph G. Totten, Chief
Engineer; Assistant, Captain H. G.Wright; five
Clerks and one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau Col. J. J.Abert, Colo-'
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. C. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger.
Ordnancs Bureau Col. H. K. Craig, Colonel
of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt William Mayna
dier ; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
J, J. COOMBS,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law,
WILL practice In the local Courts of this
District, and in tbe Supreme Court and
Court of Claims. Office at the corner of Indi
ana avenue and Second street.
FOR COUGHS, COLDS, &c.
A YER'S CHERRY PECTORAL,
fi. Jayne's Expectorant
Tyler's Syrup Oum Arabic.
Brown's Bronchial Troches.
Wistar's Cough Lozenges.
WUtar's Balsam Wild Cherry.
Swayne's Syrup Wild Cherry.
Brjnnt's Pulmonic Wafers.
Tor Bale by CHARLES STOTT,
No. 37S Pennsylvania avenue,
nov 26 tawlru
AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PICKLES,
CHOW CHOW, 1 Ami,
White and Brown ONIONS, J
Worcestershire Sauce, Soyer's Sultana, Read
ing, Harvey, and Anchovy SAUCES.
For sale by JESSE B. WILSON,
327 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh
nov 26 streets, south side.