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M I NATIONAL KEPUBUCAN. Thursday, December 13, 1860. tT We (ball on Monday next issue this paper in tho morning, Instead of the afternoon, as at present. We are induced to do tliis from the fnct that our subscription is so largily on the increase, that we find-it Impossible to servo our subscri bers witb tbe paper nt a reasonable hour in th afternoon. In making this change wo incur additional expense; but, ns it will bo the only penny morning paper issued in this city, it will giro it a very extensive circulation, and consequent ly must command a largo share of advertising patronage. ' B6T" The National llcpublican has been published but a little over two week, and now f has a circulation in this city larger than that of any other paper, with tho exception of one, nnd it increasing each day. COTTON. The burden of Mr. Wigfall's speech in tho Senate yesterday, was the supremacy of cotton. With two hundred and fifty millions of exports, the cotton States, in his judgment, could raise a revenue which would enable them to defy the. world in arms. With the monopoly of a great staple, the cotton-State gentleman feel disposed to treat the slave States which do not raise cotton, with in difference, if not contempt. This is making a breach between tho two classes of States, which i daily widening. The first impression upon the subject, was, that the cotton Stale had tbe power to coerce the border States, -by refusing to receive their negroes, and supplying their demand for labor directly from Africa. Dut this impression is yielding to tho evidence that the Europenn Powers will not permit tho Africau slave trade to be opened. RESOLUTION DAY. Yesterday was resolution day in the House, and numerous propositions were made in refer ence to the difficulties of the times, including propositions of amendment of the Constitution- Mr. Noell, of Missouri, proposed a Triumvi rate, in place of a President. This is a classic, if not n practical, proposition. Mr. Cox proposed Federal legislation in respect to fugitives from justice, ns well as fugi tives from slaver;. But as this touches the safety of while men, and not black men, it is not likely that there will anything be done about it in a hurry. Perhaps the most important proposition, considering the source of it, was that of Mr. Ilolman, of Indiana, looking to the coercion of seceding Slates. Mr. Holmau is a Democrat, and a gentleman of the highest weight of char acter. It is believed that he represents tbe prevailing sentiment of the Northwestern De. mocracy. MOVEMENTS AND DOINOS AT THE SOUTH. In Georgia, the House has passed a bill, requiring free negroes to select a master be fore May 1, or be sold into slavery by the sheriff. It has also passed the '" retaliatory bill," imposing a tax of 100 per cent, on all articles brought from States which nullify the fugitive slave law, or permit negroes to vote for President or members of Congress. It has also adopted, by a vote of 101 to 27, a resolu tion declaring the right of secession, and as suring the aid of Georgia to any State threat ened with Federal coercion. In the North Carolina Legislature, Hon. Bed ford Brown has proposed the appointment of commissioners, to proceed to South Carolina and other States proposing separate secession, for the purpose of persuading tbem to await a consultation of all the Southern States. Wendell's Pbixtixo Office PciicrusKD. At a meeting of the joint Committee on Print ing yesterday, the contract made by Mr. Heart, Superintendent of Public Printing, for the pur chase of the printing establishment formerly owned by Mr. Wendell, for a Government print ing office, was approved without dissent. Tbe price agreed to be paid is $133,000, which tbe Superintendent thinks ho can suvo in a single session on the printing and binding. It is understood that Mr. Gurley will to-day introduce a resolution declaring the office of Printer to tbe House vacant, and directing the Superintendent to contract forthwith for the execution of the printing of the present session. As yet, no documents have been printed for tbe House, on account of the absence of Mr. Ford, tho Printer. Skcretarysuip of tiie Treasury. The President yesterday sent to the Senate the name of Hon. Philip Francis Thomas, of Mary land, as Secretary of the Treasury, which was unanimously confirmed without the customary reference. Mr. Thomas was formerly Governor of Maryland, subsequently collector of the port of Baltimore, and at present Commissioner of Patents. We have received from the publishers, T. B. Peterson & Brothers, of Philadelphia, tho "Counterfeit Detector " for December 15. It is filled with just such matters as are interest ing to every business man at this time. Another Wasihxutox Secessionist. As the 4th of March draws near, the pangs of dissolution fronyiffice seems terribly to agi tate soma of tbe office-holders, who are ready to take hold of almost anything that promises to afford them an opportunity for revenge. It is currently reported, in secession circles, that a very important personage, who holds a subordinate situation in the Patent Office building, has ofTered his invaluable services to his Excellency the Governor of Mississippi, to resign his situation, ($C00 per annum,) and hoist the disunion cockade, and fight under the lone star, against the stars nnd stripes a flag which ha solemnly swore to support when be ni permitted to eschew his legal sovereign, and become a citizen of this happy country a country which he is now desirous of seeing rent asunder. A happy riddance to this me tropolis, and no doubt a valuable acquisition to the sovereign and independent State of Mis sissippi, will be this would-be traitor. THIRTY-SIXTH CONGRESS, Second Session. Wednesday, December 12, I860. SENATE. Our report of yesterday closed, Bonding the cousidi ration of the Treasury note bill. The amendment reducing the denomination of tho notes to filty dollars, was agreed to. The amendment, pledging tho public lands for the redemption of the notes, was carried jcas ."18, nays IB. But before this amendment wns finally agreed to, Mr. Wado offered an amendment to the nineiidment, to the affect that nothing in tho amei.dmcnt appropriating tho proceeds of the sales of the public Innds, &c, should be so coustrued ns to effect the power of Congress to dispone of the land to actual settlers on such U rms ns ihey might see fit. Msrs. Clingmnn nnd Gwin objected, but the amendment to the amendment was carried by vs 28, nays 27 : ' Yeas Messrs. Anthony, Baker, Bingham, Cameron, Chandler, Clark, Dixon, Doolittle, Douglas, Dutkee, Fessenden, Foot. Foster, Grimes, Hamlin, Harlan, Johnson of Tennes see, King, Latham, USce, Seward, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkin son, and Wilson 28. Kays- Messr". Bayard, Bigler, Bragg, Cling, mun, Collamer, Crittenden, Davis, Fitzpatrick, Green, Gwin, Hemphill, Hunter, Iverson, John son of Arkansas, Kennedy, Lane, Mason, Nich olson, Pearcc, Polk, Powell, Saulsbury, Sebas tian, Thomson, and Wigfall 27. The bill was then passed, but before tho Sen ate adjourned, a motion to recousider was en tered bv Mr. Yulee. Mr. Powell's resolution was then taken up, and Mr. Wigfall spoke until the adjournment. Among other things, he said, cotton is king, nnd waves his sceptre not only over thiity-threo States, but over the Islai.d of Great Britain, and over Continental Europe. There is no crowned head either upon that Island or Conti nent thut does not bend the knee in fear, and acknowledge allegiance to her power. Five millions of people in Great Britain live upon cotton. You may make short crops of train, and they can husband their supply ; but i xhaust the supply of cotton one week, aud all England will bUute. They will not burst open barns, but burn whole towns. We can direct the trade of two hundred and fifty millions to our own ports instead of Boston, Philadelphia, and New York, if we go out of the Union. Our imports will amount to two hundred nnd fifty millions, anil foity per cent, upon that puts iuto our treasury one hundred million dollars; twenty per cent, gives fifty millions. What tariff we will accept, I expect to know in n few inont'is, and in another chamber. Laughter in the galleries. You suppose numbers Constitute tbe strength of the Government. 1 tell you that it is tbe al mighty dollar. When your operatives are turned out, when your capitalists are broken, will you go to direct taxation? When you cense to have exports, will you have imports? Your (uctories will then be burnt down, your capitalists will go to the wall. I know you don't regard us in earnest. I would snvo the Union if I could; but it is my deliberate im pression, and I have been studying the cbnrac Ur of tbe people you represent for years past, thut it cannot. Now, tbe question is, cnu the Union be saved ? I hare always been a Uuion man. I am now a Union man not from any silly notion that it is of divine origin, not that blood was ibed for it, not that it is an inhiritance from our fathers for it is neither the one nor the other. This Uuion is a compact between the States. It is n treaty between tbe States, for tho com mon defence and domestic tranquillity. . They agreed to the organization of a certain Govern ment, and they made a wise distribution ; they vested in the State Governments the powers necessary to protect the liberty and well being of the citizens. All States that are republican or demo cratic, monarchical, aristocratic, slaveholdingor non-slavcholding, agricultural, commercial, or manufacturing, can live under one Constitution, as when the old thirteen States ratified and made it binding between them. By the late election, it would seem as if the North thought themselves responsible for tbe domestic institu tions of all the States. One State has not the right to call out the army or navy, or negotiate with a foreign Power, to coerce another. Do you suppose we are to be amused with clap trap of Fourth-of-July orations? As a nation inheriting rights, wo have passed that point. When these eight cotton Slates withdraw from tbe Union, as they will in the next two months, aud meet in Conveutiou, and adopt a Federal Government, nnd establish a foreign department, I shall advocate the adopting of thut same constitution that was ratiuea Dy the old thirteen States. T L... .... .In.. I.. .L-. .!..... V!...!..!.. Tn. 1 iiavc uu uuuui mm nutii i iiiiiia, nil lie-see, Maryland, Kentucky, and other border States, see what we have done, they will come iuto the Union ; and not many months will f ass before this beautiful faerie will again bo the scene of our discussion, and in which we will not only consider those matters pertaining to our domestic affairs, but foreign relations. HOUSE. Our report closed yesterday, pending a call of the States for resolutions. Mr. Adrain. of New Jersey, submitted a se ries of resolutions, declaring tho doctrine of non-intervention ns tbe true remedy lor existing political evils ; that all State laws in conflict with tbe Constitution and laws of Congress ought to be repealed ; that the fugitive slave law, and nil other laws of the land, ought to be respected and obeyed, Ac. Mr. Morris, of Pennsylvania, offered a reso lution instructing the committee of thirty-three to inquire and report as to whether the personal liberty bills passed by certain States are in con flict with the Constitution ; and, further, to in quire whether tbe fugitive slave law is suscep tible of amendment, so as to ascertain more certainly the actual condition of the fugitive. Mr. Stewart, of Maryland, offered a preamble and resolution, setting forth the principles on which the Government was founded, and in structing tbe select committee to inquire, among other things, whether any measure can be adopted to preserve the Constitution in its purity, and secure Southern rights ; and if this cannot be done, then to inquire as to tbe best mode, reasonable nnd just, of a settlement with the States which there is reason to believe are about to separate from the Union. Mr. Leake, of Virginia, submitted a resolu tion, that tbe Constitution ought to be amended, so tbat Congress may have no jurisdiction over tbe question of domestic slavery in the States, Territories, the District of Columbia, or the arsenals and dock yards ; that it shall be the duty of Congress efficiently nnd adequately to protect it by legislation where it exists ; that no Territorial Government has povcr to legis late ou the subject. Tho right of a master over his slave while sojourning or in transitu through a non-slaveholding State shall be guarantied nud protected; aud that fugitive slaves shall Ijb delivered up, or be paid tor by the States in which they escape or are rescued. Mr. Smith, of Virginia, offered a resolution instructing the select committee to inquire as to the policy of declaring out of tbe Federal Union any member thereof who may aim to nullify an act of Congress. Mr. Jenkins, of Virginia, offered a resolu tion instructing the select committee, among other things, to inquire into the expediency of amending the fugitive slavo law, with a view to a prompt rendition of fugitivo slaves, end proper compensation to owners, of those not returned ; also, the propriety of providing, either by an amendment to tho Constitution or con gressional enactment, for tho protection of the rights of slaveholders in tbe common Terri tories. Mr. Cox, of Ohio, submitted the following: Whereas ono of the chief and just complaint on tho part of the slavcholding Stntis nf this Confederacy is the refusal, neglect, and failure of certain Executives of Northern States tu deliver fugitives from juslico indicted for treason, murder, and slavo stealing, in said slave ."Hates : Therefore, Resolved, That the committee of thirty three, for the re-cstablishmcnt of comity between the States, be required to consider what, if any, further legislation is necessary to carry out thn second clause of the second section of tlio fourth articto of the Constitution of the United States for tho delivery of fugitives from justice who shall flee from one State and be found in an other, on tbe demand of tho executive authority of tho State from which such fugitive shall have fled; and that such inquiry be mndo with special view to punish all judges, attorney generals, executives, or othcr8tate officers, who shall impedohe execution of said clause of the Constitution, either in respect to the de livery of felons who may be indicted for treason or murder n attempted slave insurrections, or who may be indicted for slnve stealing. Mr. Hutching, of Ohio, offered a resolution instructing the select committee to report what legislation is necessary to give full effect to that part of the Constitution which provides that the " citizens of each State shall be en tilled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the several States,", and also what legislation is necessary to secure to all the peo ple, whether residing in or travelling through any State, the full benefit of another part of the Constitution, which secures them ngainst un reasonable searches and seizures in tbe absenco of probablo cause. Mr. Sherman, of Ohio, offered the following: liaolved, That tho only truo and effectual remedy for the dissensions that now exist be tween the several State.', and the people there of, is in tho faithful observance by the several Slates, nnd the people thereof, of all the com promises of the Constitution, and of the laws made in pursuance thereof. llesolvtd,TiX tbe special committee of thirty three be instructed to inquire whether any Stnte, or the people thereof, have failed to obey and enforce the obligations imposed by tbe Constitution, and if so, tho remedy therefor, and whether any further legislation is required to secure such enforcement. llcsolved, That, to avoid nil further contra versy in regard to tho several Territories of the United States, suid committee divide said Ter ritories iuto States of convenient size, with a view to their prompt admission into the Union on nn equal footing with the other States. Mr. Bingham, of Ohio, offered the following: Jtejolced, That the special committee of thirty three report to this House such additional leg islation as they may deem necessary to suppress and put down armed rebellion against tho laws and authority of the United States, to protect the property thereof against unlawful seizure, and tho citizens thereof ngainst unlawful vio lence. Mr. Mallory, of Kentucky, offered a resolu tion of instructions, having in view the estab lishment of a line similar to the Missouri Com promise, making provision for the admission of new States, and prohibiting Congressional in terference with slavery, ic. Mr. English, of Indiana, offered a resolution instructing the committeo to inquire and re port, for tho settlement of the present unfortu nate controversy, that the territory of the Uni ted States shall be equally divided between tbe slavebolding and non slavcholding sections, making provision for tho admission of new Slates, 'declaring that the property in slaves shall not be destroyed or impaired by Congres sional legislation, nnd that when a slave shall be rescued by force or violence, while passing through a non-slaveholding State, the owner may recover, in a State court, double the value of the slave. ' Mr. Kilgore, of Indiana, offered a resolution requesting the committee to inquire into the expediency of amending tbe fug'uire slave law, sfl as to provide for trial by jury where the fugi tive claims to be free; also, providing full pay ment for tho slave in cases of forcible, rescue from custody, aud that the committeo make such other amendments as may be thought necessary to give satisfaction, without destroy ing the efficiency of the law or impairing the constitutional rights of any citizens of the Uni ted States. Mr. Ilolman, of Indiana, offered a resolution declaring that secession is wholly unwarranted by the letter and spirit of the Constitution, and that the select committee be instructed to in quire whether tho acts of Congress now in force are sufficient, in view of the present condition of public affairs, to protect the rights of the several States against attempts which have been made, or which may hereallcr bo made, by any State or States to nullify the laws necessary to the existence of the Confederacy, and to carry out tbe provisions of the Constitution ; and if me laws iiuw iu lureu uiu iiisuuieie-ut, n suuu be the duty ot said committee to report the necessary bills to provide for the emergency. Mr. Niblack, ot Indiana, offered a resolution instructing the committee to inquire into the expediency of providing by law for indemnity for slaves rescued by force or violence, Ac. Mr. Noell, of Missouri, proposed the follow ing, preceded by a preamble : lie it resolved, That the select committee of thirty-three be instructed to take into consider ation the propriety and necessity of abolishing, by amendments to the Constitution of the Uni ted States, the olfico of President, and of estab lishing in lieu thereof an Executive Council, to consist of three members, to be elected by dis tricts composed of contiguous States, as near as practicable, each member of said Council to be armed with a veto power, such as is now vested in the President, Ac. die it further resohed, That the said commit tee be also requested to take into consideration tbe means necessary (if any can be devised) to restore the equilibrium between tbe free and the slave States in tho Senate of the United States ; and, particularly, whether this end can be accomplished by a voluntary division on tho Sart of some of the slave States into two or more tatcs. Mr. Hindman, of Arkansas, proposed amend ments to the Constitution 1. An express recognition of the right of prop erty in slaves in the States where it now exists, or may hereafter exist ; and an express denial to the Federal Government of nil right or power to prohibit or interfere ngainst slavery anywhere, or to prohibit or restrict the trade iu slaves be tween the States, 2. An express requirement that tho Federal Government shall protect the right of property in slaves in the District of Columbia, in ail the Territories of the United States while the Ter ritorial condition exists, and wherever else tbe Federal jurisdiction extends. 3. A provision tbnt every Territory author ized by act of Congress to bold a Convention, and whose Convention shall adopt a Constitu tion republican in form, shall be admitted iuto tbo Union as a Stnte, with or without slavery, as its Constitution may prescribe. 4. A provision that the citizens of any State or Territory, who may be the owners of slaves, shall bu permitted to hold their slave property while passing through, or temporarily residing within, the jurisdiction of States whoso Con. (dilutions do nut recognise the institution of slavery. 5. A provision that any Stale, whose Legis liture has enacted, or inny hereafter enact, lavs defeating or impairing tho right of the master to have his escaped slavo delivered up to him, according to the provisions of tho fu gitive slave law of 1830, shall not be entitled to representation in cither House of Congress, until the repeal of such nullifying statute. C. Provisions for tho nppointment by tho Stato authorities of all Federal officers exer cising their functions within the limits of tho States. 7. Such further provisions ai will secure to the sUvehnldiiig States, through their repre sentation in Congress, an absolute negation upon all action of Congress relating to tbe sub ject of slavery. 8. A provision that all the above amend ments, together with the existing provision for slave representation upon the three-fifths basis, shall forever be irrepenlablo and unamendable. Mr. Larrabcc, of Wisconsin, offered a reso lution re-commending a call of a Convention bv the several States, to the end that tbe peo ple may thus be enabled to confer together in the manner provided in the establishment of the Government, and adopt such measures as in their wisdom may promote the common wel fare of the States. All of the above propositions were read and referred to the select committee of thirty-three, i Mr. Sherman, from the Committee of Ways and Means, reported a bill making appropria tions for supplying deficiencies. Tbo House adjourned. 7 hursday, December 13, 1800. SENATE. The Senate assembled to-day, at the usual hour. After the reading of the Journal, On motion of Mr. Bragg, it was ordered that the House bill for the relief of Mr. McDowell be recommitted tc the Committee ou Pensions. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, introduced n joiut resolution, proposing to the States of the Union, iu accordance with tbe provisions of the Comtitntion, several amendments to that in strument He likewise proposed certain rompromiss resolutions in relation to the fugitive slnve law. Several private claims presented and read. Mr. Ivcrson presented a bill for carrying out the provision for paying the claims due certain persons according to the treaties between this country and Mexico. Mr. Hale thought it should be postponed, as their claims have been satisfied. Mr. Slidcll entered into an elaborate history of the treaties nud claims existing between the United States and Mexico. Pending which, our report closed. HOUSE. The House was called to order precisely at twelve o clock. Prayer was offered by tho Chaplain, Rev. T. U. Stockton. Tho Journal of yesterday was then read. Mr. Hughes was appointed on the Commit tee on Military Affairs, in tbo placo of Mr. Bon bam, resigned. A communication from the Treasury Depart ment was received, which was referred. Mr. Morris, of Illinois, asked leave to have read a resolution in relation to the present con dition of the country, which, after repeating aud endorsing the sentiments in relation to the Union contained in Washington's farewell ad dress, declares that the election of Lincoln to the Presidency is not a sufficient cause for a dissolution, he having been elected in accord ance with the provisions of the Constitution. After the reading of tbe resolution, Mr. Cur ry objected to its consideration at this time. ine consideration ot tne racinc.railroad bill was then resumed, and was discussed by Mr. Vandever and other gentlemen. Tbe consideration of this bill was suspended to enable some amendments from tbe Senate to the Treasury Note bill to be considered. The bill was then taken up, to which the Senate had proposed Beveral amendments. Most of these were agreed to. Mr. Montgomery was in favor of referring the Pacific railroad bill back to the Committee on Public Lands. Peuding which, our report closed. DEPARTMENT NEWS. Army. By order of Colonel T. T. Fauntle roy, an escort of eight men and a sergeant, under command of Major Ruff, will accompany Mrs. Captain George McLain (widow of the gallant Captain McLain, of the mounted rifles, who fell so no time since, it will be remembered, in a fight with the Indians) to Fort Lamed, and from there Major Ruff will escort Mrs.. McLain to Baltimore, and then report to the Adjutant Ueneral in Washington. Lieutenant Colonel Thomas, Assistant Adju tant, will accompany the General-in-chief to Washington. Land Office. The General Land Office on tbe 8th instant, issued two of the patents in the long contested case, of what is known as the " i'ortland City claims, in Oregon. The parties to this contest were the corporate authorities of the city of Portland, claiming under an entry made in virtue of tho town site law of 1844, and Stark, Lownsdnle, Chapman k Coffin, each claiming under the donation act of 1850. Besides tbe patents above referred to, each of the other individuals named is en titled to a patent for the portion of the disputed tract awarded to him, under the decision of the Department, which will be issued as soon as the Oregon laud officers can be heard from, and some slight amendments made in their official returns. Personil. Hon. R. W.Johnson, of Ark., and Lieut. Semple nnd Dr. Washington, U. S. N., are at Browns'. Judge Slosson, of New York, Hon. Thomas Ewiug, of Ohio, and Com. James Alden, of tbe nnr , ... w;iioi. Rev. E. VV. Sehon, Missionary Secretary of the Southern Methodist Church, is at Kirk woods'. New Jersey Rah.roaus. A bill is to he in troduced at tbo next session of the New Jersey Legislature, to provide for the incorporation of a company to construct a direct line of inde pendent railway, from a suitable point on the Delaware river, opposite Philadelphia, to a suitable point on the Hudson river, opposite New York, with double tracks, complete sta tions, ferries, and landings, with faro to bo re stricted to two dollars a passenger for mail and express trains, which shall run from city to city in three hours, and to one dollar and fifty cents and one dollar per passenger, iu trains running the entire route in four or five hours, respectively, securing the right to any lateral road to intersect such main trunk road, and have iU passengers transported thereon at not more than two cents a mile, with other restric tions and privileges, preserving the faith nnd revenues of the State. The road to be called the " Main Trunk Railway of New Jersey," and the capital authorized for its construction to bo three millions of dollars, with power to double tbe same. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH. ONION DEMONSTRATION AT riHLADELrntA. Philadelphia, Dec. 11. Potipbar Curtis, the abolition lecturer, was announced to lecture here to morrow night, at Concert Hall, but as the proprietors of the hall apprehended a re newal of the riot which occurred et the National Hall, when Curtis spoke lost in this city, in eulogizing John Brown's merits, they have re fused tho use of the ball on tho present occa sion. Mayor Henry has been in consultation with the managers of tho lecture, and advised them not to force Curtis on the public at the present time, especially on the day which the citizens have set apart for their grand Union demonstration, when they doslrc to convince the South that northerners desire the protection of their rights. Tbe Mayor offered the com mittee the use of five hundred policemen to preserve order if Curtis persists in lecturing, but he advised tbem to desist, as even this forte might not bo sufficient to prevent a riot. Curtis's fiiends have therefore postpoued his lecture to some future period. THE INDIAN TROUBLES. Fort Kearney, Dec. 10. Capt. Steele, with his company of infantry, returned last night from Cottonwood Springs, where he met the chiefs of the Ogalulu and Bruili tribes of Sioux Indians. They refuse to come here to make a treaty with the commander, and talk of war in the spring, to avengo the death of the son of the chief of the Ogalulu tribe, on the 27tK November, by the citizens of Denver. EXCITEMENT AT INDEPENDENCE, MO. , Independence, Dec. 11. A party of four men went to the house of Mr. Morgan Walker, situ ated about eight miles from this city, to demand of him his money nnd negroes. Mr. Wolker, having been notified yesterday that such a demand would be made, called some of his neighbors to his assistance. As Boon as the robbers made their appearance, they were fired pon, and one wasjmled and another wounded. The wounded man and the other two of the party made their escape. The sheriff of the ' comity and a posse of men are in pursuit of them. The robbers are from Kansas, and wero betrayed by a man whom they had pressed into aiding them. There is a great deal of ex citement existing hero in regard to the affair, and should the robbers be caught, no doubt they will be Bummarily punished. PROPOSITION TO SEND EX-rRESIDENT FILLMORE ON A MISSION TO SOUTH CAROLINA. Jlujfalo, Dec. 12. A meeting of some three hundred prominent citizens was held here last evening, for tbe pnrposo of requesting Ex-President Fillmore to proceed to South Carolina as a messenger of peace. Tho appointed com mittee wuited on Mr. Fillmore, who expressed the warmest sympathy with the object of the meeting, but said bo had been invited to attend a meeting of the prominent conservative men of the State shortly, and should feel bound to await tbo result of their deliberations. THE KANSAS TROUBLES. Leavenworth, Dec. 11. We have informa tion from the scene of trouble to tho 11th insU Largo parties of troops from Fort Leavenworth had moved to Mound City, there joining the force of 180 men from Fort Reily. Attempts were mndo to arrest Jamison, but neither he nor Montgomery could be found. The rumors of Montgomery entrenchment nnd resistance are simply absurd. The inhabitants of Mound City and vicinity were much excited, fearing harsh treatment from the Federal authorities. NEBRASKA LEGISLATURE. , Omaha, Dec. 10. The House to-day passed a bill to prohibit slavery in the Territory, there being but two dissenting votes. Tbe bill will be considered in the Council to-morrow, and will probably pass that body in a few days. Bills to incorporate tho Missouri and Western and Pacific Telegraph companies have been introduced, and will doubtless become laws. Snow fell yesterday to tho depth of eight inches, and tho weather is now moderately cold. WRIT Or MANDAMUS AGAINST A GOVERNOR. Loujsville, Dec. 11. Governor Magoffin has ordered a motion in the Supreme Court for a writ of mandamus against Governor Dcnni son, of Ohio, growing out of the latter's refusal to surrender a fugitive upon the requisition from the Executive of Kentucky. If the mo tion fails, other steps will be immediately ta ken. MASSACHUSETTS MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS. ltozbury, Dec. 11. Charles W. Gaston, Unionist, was elected mayor yesterday by 200 plurality. Charlestoan, Dec. 11. Horace G. Hutch ins, Unionist, was elected mayor yesterday by 724 majority. Items Telegraphed from Washington. Washington, Dec. 12. Many propositions concerning the state of tbe Union were intro duced to-day in tbe select committee of the House, of which Gov. Corwin is chairman, but; it is everywhere admitted that neither those nor any offered to the House for reference, or any which tho committeo may recommend, can prevent the early secession of tho cotton States. It is hoped, however, that propositions for the accommodation of differences between tbe North and the South, as well as discussion in Congress upon the subject, may make such an impression upon the public mind as to bring about a reconstruction of compact, and few dissent from the idea that such a result can only be effected by a Convention of delegates from all tbe States. Ex-Goverjjor Thomas had no intimation from tho President that his services were de sired in tho Treasury Department, and was first informed to-day, by a prominent Govern ment official at Baltimore, that his name was mentioned in Cabinet council yesterday, in connection with the position. His appointment was confirmed by tbe Senate instanter. It is stated in diplomatic circles tbat Mr. Trescott, Assistant Secretary of State, will soon resign. Tbe political position of Senator Benjamin has been misunderstood. He is a strong seces- sinniflt. Representative Lamar left hero to-night for Mississippi, vu uueuu me- oiaie iuuvenuon, Senator Johnson, of Arkansas, arrived in the city to day. Mr. Mallory, of Fla., has been de tained at bomo by sickness. Samuel T. Sawyer, Esq., of this city, has been appointed clerk of the House committee of thirty-three upon tho state of the Union. The President yesterday transmitted to the Senate the nomination of ex-Governor Welter, of California, as minister to Mexico. MERCHANT TAILORING?" THE advertiser respectfully Invites tbe atten tion of his friends and the public in general to his new stock of Cloths, Cassimeres, and Vesting. He has always on band goods suitable for the ecaaon, which he would be pleased to make up to order on as" liberal terms as any other estab lishment In this city. E. M. DREW, Agent, O street, next to Buuk of Washington, nov 26 INTERIOR ADORNMENTS. iSs 486. 486. PAPER HANGINGS, Or ALL ORADtS AND PRICIS. WARRANTED Gold Band Window Shades, Buff, Oreen, and Blue Holland Shades, all sizes, made to order. Alio, a handsome assortment of Picture Cord and Tassels, all flzcs and colors. Purchasing for cash, and ellowlogno old stock to accumulate, persons needing tbe above goods will find It to their advantage to give me a call. All work executed and superintended by practical men, who have served a regular ap prenticeship at tbelr trade. Satisfaction gnarantled, or no pay required. Tlease give me a call. Remember the number. JOHN MARKRITEB, No. 480 Seventh afreet, eight doors above nov 26 Odd Fellows' Hall. "HAVANA PAlACE." ALEXANDER W. MOODY, NEW CIGAR STORE, No. 429 Seventh street, between G and U streets. Wholesale and retail dealer In Cigars, Tobacco, Snuff, and everything pertaining to a first-class Tobacco business. Goods delivered to any patt of tbe city free of charge. dec 10 3t GREAT BARGAINS AT THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHING STORE, No. 40G Seventh street, near E. I AM now offering my large stock of Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Hats, and Caps, at re markably low prices, In order to 'decrease my large stock. N. B. All persons In want of Clothing and Furnishing Goods will find It greatly to their advantage to give me a call, as 1 am determined to sell lower than any other house In town. Don't forget the name and cumber. " J. H. SMITH, Clothier, deo 7 lm 460 Seventh St., op Post Office. S. T. SHUMAN, CHEMIST AND PHARMACEUTIST, Corner of Sixth street and Pennsylvania avenue, under the Clarendon llolel, RESPECTFULLY begs leave to Inform his old customers and tbe public in general, that having located at the above stand, he. wilt be happy to supply tbelr wants In hta line of busi ness, dee 3 ly D.KOLB'S BALSAMIC LUNQ INVIGOUATOR. A CERTAIN CURE for Coughs, Colds, Affec tions of the Throat and Lungi. A trial .will make very one its frleid, being agreeable to tike, and certain to curs. Price 60 cints. For sale by Mesrrs. Oilman, Sunt, Clark, Wright, Nairn, Fo-d, Kidwell, Thompson, Rldge ly, Moore, Major, &e. nov 26 Choice Qroceries, Teas, Wines, and Liquors. THE undersigned respectfully calls the atten- ' tlon of bis friends and the public to bis large and complete stock of Groceries, Teas, Wines, and Liquors, which have been purchased recently on tbe most favorable terms, and will be disposed of at a very small advance. His Teas are selected by one of the oldest and most experienced Importers in the country, which en ables him always to furnish bis customers with a superior article. A very fine article of Oolong Tea always on hand, at fifty cents per pound. Purchasers will do well to call and see before purchasing elsewhere. JOSEPH W. DAVIS, dee 6 lw Corner of Ninth and E sts. I. SMDER. Plumber and Gas Fitter, WILL Introduce Gas and Water upon the most liberal terms, at tbe shortest notice, and will guaranty satisfaction. He has on band a lot of Cooking and other Stores, which be will sell at less than coat. Call and see him. Remember the place, southeast corner of Twelfth and F streets, nov 26 lm CITY STEAM F1RE-WOOD1MILLS AND COAL DEPOT, Foot of Seventeenth street, below War Dept. KINDLING and Stove-Wood prepared to suit the wants, of each customer. ' Coal kept In coal-houses, protected from the weather, and delivered free from dirt and other Impurities. 2,240 pounds to tbe ton. T. J. & W. M. OALT. Office 282 Penn. ar., bet. Eleventh deo 6 lot and Twelfth sts. B. SIEGEL, 391 Penn. av., between Four-and-a-half and Sixth sts., (South side,) Importer and wholesale dealer In WINE, BRANDY, GIN, CORDIAL, &c. DRUGGISTS, Grocers, and Liquor Dealers, will find It to their advantage to give me a call. I will sell the goods direct from the Ous-torn-House at New York prices. Old Cincinnati Rye Whisky always on hand, with a choke assortment of Wines, Brandies, Gins, Cordials tc. dee 3 3m GEORGETOWN ADVERTISEMENTS. Mr. U. O. Rearer is our authorized agent for Georgetown. Subscriptions and advertisements for this paper can be left at Barnard's Drug Store, corner of Bridge and nigh streets. PROTECTION. " Now let ihoie injure who ne'er insured before, Aud ihoie who have, lei ihem liuure the more." The Potomao Fire Insurance Company of Georgetown, D. C, OIIARTERI'.D BV OONOIIESS, 1831. STOCKHOLDERS PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE! fpiIE Stockholders and Directors embrace many X of the most wealthy and respectable citizens of this District. JOHN MARBURY, President. HENRY KING, Secretary. AMOS HUNT, Travelling Agent. Office and residence No. 51 North A street, Capitol Hill. Dox 451, City Post Office. Orders attended to Immediately. Losses paid promptly. Care (ot home, and home will care for us. nov 26 STRAY HORSE. Taken up by the subscriber as all estrsy, a Bay Uonsc, having a small white spot on bis forehead and white spots on his shoulder. Had on a leather baiter.' , The owner of the above-described horse Is re quested to prove property, pay charges, and take him away. The horse has been put in Lang's livery stable, JAMES S. FRIZZELL, dec 13 Georgetown.