Newspaper Page Text
-x. VIRGINIA THE WHIQ. The Richmond Whig presents tho point strongly, that secession, as proposed by South Carojina, is no remedy for alleged Southern grievances, bat a cowardly running away, and abandonment of alt the public property and ail the Territories to the North. The ICAtjfsays: " It Is not our purpose at present to euter into any elaboration of our views in reference to the pending crisis, but only to hint at them in a very brief manner. In the first place, then, wo are for exhausting all rational and honorable expedients for obtaining a redress of Southern grievances in tho Union, before1 taking up our hit and walking out of the Union, To this end we are for a State Con vention for a Convention of the Southern States and for a general Convention of all tho States. And if, through the instrumentality of these various Conventions, we cannot effect an adjustment of the differences and difficulties existing between the North and the South, then we are in favor, not of accession, but of separation upon fair and just terms, to be ar ranged by the aforesaid Contention of all tho States. " In the terms of separation, if no adjustment can be had, and separation must come, we shall demand a fair and equitable division of all the property of the United States, including, of course, the South's just proportion of the army and navy. If such division of the army and navy, and of all the public property of the Uni ted States, including likewise the publia domain, should be 'refused us by the Northern States, then we shall be in favor neither of peaceable secession nor of peaceable separation, but of immediate war, and war to the knife, and war to the ' bitter end.' "Such is our programme and such our policy, in general terms; and such, wo trut,.will be the programme and policy of Virginia and the people of Virginia, and also of nil the South ern Slates, without exception. As to the thing you call peaceable secession sue b secesioll as South Carolina and other Southern States are preparing for we consider it unmanly and cowardly in the highest degree. Instead of in volving a demand for and a defence of our rights, it U ruuning away from our rights, and a running away from duty, nnd u running away from responsibility. It is a remedy fur noth- iug it is alike n base abandonment of our rights and a compromise of our honor. " And yet, our sister Slates of the extreme South, and many persons ill our own and other bonier States, seem to consider it a great point gained a mighty triumph achieved if they can only be graciously allowed by the North to jieaceably secede, leaving all their valuable rights in the army and the navy and the public properly behind them I As for ourselves, we ask no such miserable and disgraceful boon at the hands of the Northern States. We ask of them no boon at all. liut we demand of the North, whether wo slay in the Union or go out of it, our rights and all our rights, political or pecuniary, down to the last atom or the last farthing. " We mean to run away from none of them. We intend to secede from none of them. On the contrary, if it comes to the worst, and separation becomes inevitable, we mean to take all our rights along with us, peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must. Never, nerer, will we consent to a peaceable secession of Virginia from the Northern States, unless the Northern States themselves consent to a fair and equi table division of every particle of public proper ty now belonging to the United States. If South Carolina and the other Gulf States are short sighted and unmanly enough to indulge in the luxury of peaceable secession,, at the sacrifice of the immense rights they possess in the army and navy and the public property of the Union, we shall regret aud deplore their folly, bnt we cannot help it. "As Virginians, proud, courageous, and tena cious of every right and interest which belongs to us, we shall certainly not follow their mad cap, cowardly, and disgraceful example. And we indulge the hope that most of our Southern sisters will yet think better of this matter, and pause and reflect before they consent to run away from their duty and their rights, and take refuge in tho ignominious device of peaceable secession." PROSPECTUS OF THE WEEKLY NATIONAL REPUBLICAN. WAtmnoro.N, D. 0., December, I860. The undersigned bare commenced the publica tion, In this city, of a weekly newspaper, called the National Republican. It is printed on a large sheet, 27 by 42 inches, and is lurnisbed at the low prices stated below II will contain all the original matter of the daily National Republican, with the exception of local news not interesting to country subscribers. It will give full reports of the proceedings of Congress, and of the other departments of the National Government. It will contain all the news of the day, foreign and domestic, markets, Ac, &c, as well as an original correspondence from all parts of the country. The miscellaneous department will re ceive special attention, and, in all respects, the effort will be made to establish the character of the National Republican as a fAMILY NEWSPATin. In politics, the paper will be Republican, sus taining the Incoming Administration ol Mr. Lin coln, but disclaiming, however, any pretension to be tbe organ ot me rresiaeni elect. There is no othor Republican paper in tbe District of Columbia, or in the vicinity of it, and it Is believed that recent events have opened to such a paper an important sphere of useful ef fort. The time has come, when the actual ad ministration of the Government upon Republican principles will explode the misrepresentations which have made those principles so distasteful to the t-'oulh. But U is not only here, and In this vicinity, that the projectors of tbe National Republican hope to make it useful. To the whole country they offer a journal which will discuss national politics from a national standpoint, and which will never be swerved from patriotic duty by any overpowering pressure of local Interest. TERMS. One copy, one year .... $2.00 Three copies, one year ... 5.00 Five copies, one year ... - 7.00 Ten copies, one year - - - - 12 00 Tweny copies, one year ... 20.00 One copy, six months - - - - 1.00 Five copies, six months . 3 50 Ten copies, six months - -"" - 6.00 Twenty copies, six months - - - 10 00 Payments always in advance. When a Club of subscribers has been forward ed, additions may be made to It on the same terms. It Is not necessary that the subscribers to a Club should receive their papers at the same post office. Money maybe forwarded by mail, at our risk. Large amounts can be remitted In drafts on Bos ton, New York, Philadelphia, or Baltimore; smaller amounts in gold, or in notes of solvent banks. Address L. CLEPIIANE CO., National Republican, Washington, D. C. Those of our exchanges publishipg the above conspicuously three times In tbe Inside form of their paper, and forwardiog a marked copy to this oOlce, will receive oar dally In exchange until the end of tbe ensuing session of Congress. Prospectus .of the National Republican. Believing that the time has arrived when the great Republican party of the United States ought to be fairly represented In the dally press of the National Metropolis, we have embarked In the enterprise of suppl) Ing the citizens of the District of Columbia with a dally publication, under the title of the " National Republican." In Its political department, this journal will advocate and defend the principles of the Repub lican party, and endeavor to disabuse the public mind ol groundless ptrjudlces which have been engendered against It, by the false accusations of its enemies. Hating the utmost confidence that the administration of Mr. Lincoln will be such as to merit our approbation, we expect to ylild it a cordial, but not a servile support. In the great Issue that is likely to be made with his administration, by the enemies of the Republican parly, the people of Washington and the District of Columbia have more at stake than the peopl of any other portion of our common country. We believe that to support Mr. Lincoln's administra tion tt ill be synonymous with maintaining the in trgrlty of the Federal Union, against the machin ations of those who would rend It asunder. No one can doubt upon which side of this Issue the people of Washington will he found, when they come to realise that it is fairly forced upon them. We feel confident, therefore, that In yielding to the administration of Mr. Lincoln a cordial sup. port, we shall have the sympathy of an Immense majority or the people of this District and vicin ity. , , It Is not our design, however, to make the National.Republican a mere political paper. We intend, that as a medium of general and local news, it shall not be inferior to any other journal published In this city. We shall pay particular attention to questions of local policy, and advo cate such reforms as wo may deem essential to the prosperity of tho city, nnd to the advance ment of the moral and material welfare of Its Inhabitants. We deem it unnecessary, lion ever, to multi ply promises, as the paper wil'. immediately make Its appearance, and will then speak for itself. It will be published every allernoon, and de livered to clly subscribers at six cents per week. Mail. subscribers, $3.50 a year, pajable in ad vance. The publication office Is at the corner of Indi ana avenue and Second street. LEWIS CLEPIIANE & CO. Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. Green Coin, Green Beans, Green Tomatoes, Fresh Peaches, Brandy I'enches, Lima Beans, Fiench Peas, Asparagus, Vushrooms, Capers and Olives, Olives Stuffed In Oil. Spanish do. New Raisins, Almonds, Dates, Prunes, Figs, ic. For sale low by BROWNING 'k KEATING, 353 Penn. arinue, near Sixth street. LEONARD SCOTT & CO.'S RETIUNT OF THE BRITISH REVIEWS AND BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE. LEONARD SCOTT k CO., New York, con tinue to publish the following leading Brit ish Periodicals, vis : 1. The London Quarterly, (Conservative.) 2. The Edinburgh Review, (Whig.) 3. The North British Review, (Free Church.) 4. The Westminster Review, (Liberal.) 5. Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, (Tory.) These Periodicals ably represent tho three great political parties of Great Britain Whig, Tory, and Radical but politics lorms only one feature of their character. As Organs of the most profound writers on Silence, Literature, .Morality, ana uengion, mey siana, as mey ever have stood, unrivalled in the world or letters, being considered indispensable to tbe scholar and tbe professional man, while to the intelli gent reader of eiery class they furnish a more correct and satisfactory record of the current literature of the day, throughout the world, than can be possibly obtained from any other source. EARLY COPIES. The receipt or ADVANCE SHEETS from the British publishers git es additional value to these Reprints, inasmuch as they can now be placed In the hands of subscribers about as soon as the original editions. TERMS. For any one of the four Reviews, per ann. - $3 For any two or the four Reviews, ' - 6 For any three ot the four Reviews, " - 7 For all lour of the Reviews, " - 8 For Blackwood's Magazine, " - 3 For Blackwood and one Review, " - 5 For Blackwood and two Reviews, " - 7 For Blackwood and three Reviews, " - 0 Tor Blackwood and the four Reviews," - 10 Payments to be made in all cases in advauce. Money current in iheState where Issued will be received at par. CLUBBINQ. A discount of twenty-five per cent, from tho above price will be allowed to Clubs ordering four ! or more copies of any one or more or the above works. Thus: Four copies or Blackwood, or of one Review, will be sent to one auuress lor u tour copies or the four Reviews and Blackwood lor $30; and so on. POSTAGE. In all the principal cities and towns, these works will be delivered, FREE OF POSTAGE. When sent by mall, the Postage to any part of the United States will be but twenty-four cents a year for " Blackwood," and but fourteen cents a year for each or the Reviews. N. B. The price in Great Britain or the five Periodicals above named is $31 per annum. Remittances for any of the above publications should always be addressed, post paid, to tbe publishers, LEONARD SCOTT k CO., nov 20 No. 54 Gold street, New York. "HAVANA PALACE." ALEXANDER W. MOODY, TV'EW CIGAR STORE, No. 429 Seventh street, 1 between O and II streets. Wholesale and retail dealer in Cigars, Tobacco, Snuff, and everything pertaining to a first-class Tobacco business. Goods delivered to any pait of tbe clly Tree or charge. dec 10 3t GREAT 11AROAINS AT THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHINO STORE, Ko. 100 Sccenlh street, near E. I AM now offering my largo stock or Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Hats, and Caps, at re markably low prices, in order to decrease ray large stock. N. B. All persons In want of Clothing and Furnishing Goods will find it greatly to their advantage to give me a call, as 1 am determined to sell lower tban any other house In town. Don't forget the name and number. J. II. SMITH, Clothier, deo 7 lm 4G0 Seventh sU, op. Post Office, Organization of the Departments. STATIC DEPARTMENT. The whole machinery employed to conduct the business arising out of i ur foreign relations with all the Powers of the world Is far1 more simple tban is generally conceived. The number em ployed In tbe Department of State of the United Stales Is only twenty-eight, as follows I One Sec retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant Secretary of State, (lion. John Appleton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch of the State Department has charge of all correspondence between the Department and other diplomatic agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of foreign Powers accredited to this Government. In it all diplomatic instructions sent from the Department, nnd communications to commission ers under treaties cf boundaries, ic., are pre pared, copied, and recorded; nnd nil of like char acter received are registered and filed, their con tents being first entered in an analytic table or index. f Consular Branch. .This branch has charge of the correspondence, 4c., between the Department and the con nils and commercial agents of the United States. In It Instructions to Uoic officers, and answers to their dispatches and to letters from other persons asking for consular agency, or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and recorded. The Disbursing Agent. He has charge of all correspondence nnd other matters connected with accounts relating to any rund with the disburse ment of which tbe Department is charged. The Translator. -Ills duties are to furnish such translations as the Department may require. He also records the commissions of consuls and vice consuls, when not In English, upon which exe quaturs are issued. Cleric nf ArynaintmtnU and Commissions. tie makes out and records commissions, letters of appointment, and nominations to the senate; makes cut nnd records exequaturs, and tecords, when in English, the commissions on which they are issued. Has charge of the library. Clerk ofthtKolli and Archives. lie takes charge of the rolls, or enrolled acts nnd resolutions of C ngress,as they are received at tne uepaumeni from the President; prepares the authenticaied rn.iies thereof which a a called fir: prepares for. and superintends their publication, and that of treaties, In toe newspapers ana in muiwuim, attends to their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all document, and pub lications in regud to which this duty Is assigned to the Lepartment; writing and answering all letters connected therewith. Has charge ol all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. CYrrt of Territorial BusinetsThe Seal cf the Department, jc He has charge or the seals of the United States and or the Department, and prepares and attiches certificates to papira pre sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter ritorial business ; Immigration and registered sea men; records all letters from tbe Dcpirtment, other than the diplomatic and consular. Cent of Pardons and Passports He prepares and records pardons and remissions ; anu regis ters and files the petitions and paperB on which Ihey are founded. Makes out and records pass ports ; kseps a daily register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, and of the disposition made of them ; prepares letters relating to this business. Superintendent of Statistics. die superintends tbe preparation or the "Annual Report of tbe Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as required by the acts of 1842 and 185G. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE. Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of the United Stales ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq., Assist ant. 1 he ordinary business of this office may be classified under the following heads'. 1. Official opinions on the current business of the Government, as called for by the President, by any head or Department, or by the Solicitor or tbe Treasury. 2 Examination of the titles of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States. 3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con viction in the courts ot the United States. 4. Applications lor appointment in all tbe ju dicial and legal business of the Government. 5. The conduct and argument of all suits In the Supreme Court or the United States In which tho Government Is concerned. C The supervision of all other suits arising In any ofbe Departments, when relerred by tho head thereof to the Attorney General. To these ordinary beads ot the business of the office is added at the present time the direction of all appeals on land claims in California. INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. Secretary or the Department or tho Interior, Hon. Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis si pi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief Clerk, (Uoses Ktlly.Esq ,)twoDisburs ngClirks, and ten other regular Clerks ; and to its super vision and management are committid the fol lowlrg branches of the public stvIco: 1 t. The Public Lands. The chief or this lu reau is called tbe Commissioner or the Ueneral Land Office. The Land Buriau is charged wi'h the turiey, management, and sale of the public domain, and the issulngoftitles therefor, whether derived from confirmations or grants made by former Governments, by sales, donations, or gran's for schools, military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise the revision ot Vir ginia mil'tary bounty-land claims, and the Issu ing or scrip in lieu thereof The Laud Office, also, audits its own accounts. Ths present Com missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal ofheers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk or Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant Draughtsman, and some 150 Clerks of various grades. 2d. Pensions. The present head or this bureau is George C. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com missioner is charged with the examination and adjudication or all claims arising under the va rious acd numerous laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions for the mili tary or naval services in tne revolutionary and tubsequent wars in which the United States have been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting or some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indians. Commissioner or Indian Affairs, A. B. Greenwood, or Arkansas. He Is provided with a Ciller Clerk, and about fifteen other sub or linaje Clerks. 4th. Patent Office. Won. Philip F. Thomas, of Maryland, Commissioner or Pa'ents. To this bureau Is committed tbe execution and perform ance of all " a-ts and things touching and re specting the granting and Issuing of pa'ents for new and usetul discoveries, inventions, and im provements;" the collection of stillsllcs rela ilcg to agriculture; the collection and distribu tion of if. ds, plants, and rutlings. It has a Cbl f Clerk who is by law the acting Commis sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant Examiners or Patents, some dozen subordinate permanent Clerks, besides a contld rble num ber ol' temporary employees. Samu. 1 T. Shu gert, Esq., Cbler Clerk. An act passed at the last session or Congress prov ded that all books, maps, charts, and other publications, heretofore deposited la the De partment ot State, according to tbe laws regula t ng copyrights, should be removed to tho De partment ol the Interior, which is charged with all the duties connected with matters pertainin" to copyright ; which duties have been assigned by the Secretory ot the Interior to the Patent Of- flee, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of ths service. Ilesid s these tour principal branche of this new Executive Department, the organic act of 1849 tramferred to 1' from the Treasury Depart ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni ted Slates Marshals and Attorneys, and tho Clerks of the United Slates Courts, the manage ment of the lead and other mines of the United States, aid tve affairs of the penltcnttary of the United States In the District of Columbia; and from the State Department fie duty of taking and returning the censuses of the Uni ed Slates, and of supervising and directing the arts of the Commissioner or Public Buildings. The Hospi tal for the Insane or tho army and navy and of the District of Columbia is also under the man agement of 'his Department; In addition to which, by laws recently passed, the Secret iry of the Interior Is charged with tbe construction or the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific coast. Under act of February 5, 1859, "providing for keeping and dls rlbuting all public documents, all the books, documen's, &c, printed or pur chased by the. Government," .the Annals of Con gress, American dtate ripo'rs, American Ar chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are transferred to. this Department from the Stile Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ; also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty fifth Congress. Tbeso valuable v,orks are dis tributed to those who are by law entitled to re ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libra ries, atkenrciima, literary and scientific institu tions, boards or trade, or public sssociatlons," as shall be designated by the members or Con- Lgress. Tbe Department requires an additional emitt ing for its accommodation, and the erection of one has been repeatedly recommended during the lost few years for that purpose. At present, the Pension Office Is provided with rooms in what Is known as "Winder's Building," while tbe other branches tf the Department, including tbe Secretary's office, are all crowded Into the Patent Office building, the whole of which will be re quired at an early day for tbe use of tho Patent Office, lor whlcb it was originally intended. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. Tho Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, twoConip tro'lers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house Board, and Coast Survey. The following Is a brief indication of the dutle" of these several i ffircs, and of the force employed therein, respectively: Secretary's Office. non. Howell Cobb, Secre tary of tho Treasury; Hon. Philip Claj ton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre tary ot the Treasury Is charged with tbe general supervision of the fiscal transactions or tbe Gov ernment, and or the execution of the laws con cerning the commerce and navigation of the United States. Ho superintends the survey of tho toast, the 1 ght-house establishment, the ma rine hospitals ot the United States, rind the con struction or certain public buildings lor custom houses and other purposes. first Comptroller's Office. non. William Me dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre scribes the mode or keeping and rendering ac counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as well as tbe public lands, and revises and certifies tbe balances arising tnereon. Second Comptroller's Office J. M. Cutts, Esq., Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks. He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering tbe accounts of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments or the public service, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samnel Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks, lie prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering tbe accounts ot me customs, revenue, anu ms bursements, and for the building and repairing custom-houses, 4c, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. First Auditor's Office. Thomas L. Smith, Esq., Tirst Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expend itures on account ot the civil list, and under private acts of Congress, and reports the balances to the Commissioner or the Customs and the First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision thereon. Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller, Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all aciounts relating to the pay, clothing, and recruiting or the army, as well as armories, arsenalB, and ordnance, and all ac counts relating to the Indian department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, lor his decision inereon. Third Auditor's Office Robert J. Atkinson, Esq., Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts lor subsist ence of the urmy, fortifications, Military Acad emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de partment, as well as lor pensions, claims arising Irom military services previous to 1816, und for ho seo and other property lost In the military service, under various acts of Congress, and re ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, fur his decision thereon. Fourth Auditor's Office. A.. J. O'Bannon, Esq., Fourth Auditor, and sixtetn Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for the service or the Navy Department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Ffth Auditor's Office. Bartholomew Fuller, Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic and similar services performed under tbe direc tion of the State Department, and reports the balances to tbe First Comptroller, lor his decision thereon. Sixth Auditor's Office. Or. Thomas M. Tate, Auditor or the Treasury for tbe Post Office De partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts arising from the service of the Post Office Department. His decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken in twelve months to the First Comptroller. He superintends the collection of all debts due the Post Office Department, and all penalties and forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mall con tractors for falling to do their duty ; he directs sults"and legal proceedings, civil and criminal, and takes all such measures as may be author ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of moneys due to ine ueparimem; instructing uni ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all matters relating thereto; aud receives returns from each term or the United States courts, of the condition and progress of such suits and legal proceedings ; has charge of all lands and other property assigned to tbe United Stales in pay ment ot debts due the Post Office Department, and has power to sell and dispose or the same for the benefit of the United States. Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps tbe moneis of tbe United btates in his own office, and that or tbe depositories created by tbe act ot tho Ctb or August, 1840, and pajB out the same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp troller, and uron wanants drawn by the Post master General, and countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, nnd rciorded by the Register. He also holds public moneys adranccd by warrant to disbursing officers, and pajB out tbe tame upon their checks. Register's Office. Finley Bigger, Esq., Register, and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tbe accounts of public receipts and expenditures; retell ts the returns and makes out the official statement of commertound navigation ot tbe United Stales; aud receives from tho First Comptroller and Commissioner of Cuetoms nil accounts and vouchers decided by them, and is charged by law with their safe keeping. Solicitor' sOffice. Hon. Junius Hlllyer, Solicitor, and six Cleiks. He superintends all civil suits commenced by the United States, (except those arising in the Post Office Department,) and Instructs the United States attoineys, marshals, and clerks, In all matters relating to them and their results. He receives returns from each term of the United States courts, showing the progress and condition of such suits j has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States in payment of debts, (except those assigned in payment of debts due the Post Office Department,) and has power to sell nnd dispose ot the same for the benefit of the United Slates. Liyht-lfouse Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasury, ex-officio President; Com. W. B. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman; Commander E. G. Tillon, United States Navy; Major A. U. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni ted States Army Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army; Prof Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith sonian Institution'; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra phael Srmmes, United States Navy, and Captain W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, members, the last two being also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This hoard directs the building and repairing of light- nouses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of the establishment. United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D. Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, In charge of tho' Coast Survey Office ; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Army, Assistant. Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Chaa. A. Scbott, in charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal division. Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army, In charge of drawing division. Mr. Edward Wharton, acting In charge of en graving division. Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, in charge of miscellaneous divisions. Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent. George Mathiot, Electrotyplst. Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights and Measures. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Hon. Joseph Holt, 'Postmaster General. The direction and management of the Post Office De partment are assigned by the Constitution and laws to the Postmaster General. That its busi ness may be the more conveniently arranged and prepared for his final action, it Is distributed among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap pointment Office, In charge of the First Assistant Postmaster General ; the Contract Office, in charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, in charge of tbe Third Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec tion Office, in charge of the Chief Clerk. Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions which relate to the eslabllshment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes or sites and names, appointment and removal or postmasters and route nnd local agents, as also the giving or Instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are furnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balances by this bureau, which is charged also with providing blanks and stationery for the use of tbe Department, and with the superin tendence or the several agencies established for supplying postmasters with blanks. To this bureau Is likewise assigned the supervision of the ocean mall steamship lines, and of the foreign and international postal arrangements. Contract Office. William H. Dundos, Esq, Second Assistant Postmaster General, and twenty-six clerks. To this office is assigned the business of arranging the mail service of tbe United States, and placing the same under con tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, nnd times of departures and arri vals on all tbe routes ; the course of the mall between tbe different sections of the country, the points or mail distribution, and tbe regula tions for the government or tho domestlo mail service or the United States. It prepares the advertisements for mail proposals, receives the bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa sional mail lettlngs, and the adjustment and exe cution or the contracts. All applications for the establishment or alteration or mall arrange ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers, should be sent to this office. All claims should be submitted to it for transportation service not under contract, as the recognition or said service is first to be obtained through the Contract Office, as a necessary authority for the proper credits at the Auditor's Office. From this office all postmasters at the ends or routes recelte tbe stntcment of mail arrangements prescribed for the respectiie routes. It reports weekly to tbe Auditor nil contracts executed, and all orders affecting accounts for mall transportation ; pre pares the statistical exhibits or the mall service, and the reports or the mall lettlngs, giving a statement or each bid ; also, or the contracts made, the new service originated, the curtail ments ordered, and the additional allowances granted within the year. Finance Office. A. N. Zevely, Esq., Third As sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management or the financial business or tbe Department, not devolved by law upon tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the issuing of warrants and drafts in payment of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to mall contractors and other persous, the supervis ion of the accounts or offices under orders to deposit their quarterly balances at designa'ed points, and the superintendence of tbe rendition by postmasters of their quarterly returns of postages, ii nas cnarge oi tne ueaa-Letter Office, of the issuing of postage stamps and stampea envelopes lor tne pre-payment or post age, and or the accounts connected therewith. To (he Third Assistant Postmaster General all postmasters should direct their quarterly returns or postage; those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly the net proceeds or their offices; and those at depositing offices, their cer tificates of deposit ; to him should also be di rected the weekly and monthly returns of the depositaries or the Department, as well as all applications and receipts for postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Inspection Office. llcnj. N. Cements, Esq., Cbiel Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office is assigned tbe duty of receiving and examining tbe registers of the arrival) and departures of the mails, certificates of the service or route agents, and reports or mail failures ; or noting the delinquencies or contractors, and preparing cases thereon for the action of the Postmaster General ; rurnishlng blanks for mail registers, and reports or mill failures ; providing and sending out mail bags nnd mull locks und keys, nnd doing all other things which may be neces sary to secure a f ilthtul aud exact performance of fll mail contracts. All cases of mill depredation, or violation or law by prltate expresses, or uy tbe torglng or illegal use or postage stamps, are under the su pervision or this office, and should be reported ton. All communications respecting lost money, letteis, mall depredation's, or other violations el lnw, or mull locks and keys, should be directed, "Chlet Clerk, Post Office Department." All registers of tbe arrivals and departures or the malls, certificates of the service of route agents, re; orts of mall failures, applications for blank registers, and reports of failures, and all complaints against contractors for Irregular or Imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection Office, Post Office Department." NAVY DEPARTMENT. The Navy Department consists of the Navy Department proper, being the office of the Sec retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, vis : Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of Conitructlon, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Buresu of Ordnance and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. -The following Is statement of the duties of each of these offices, and of the force employed therein: , Secretary's Office, Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre tary of the Navy; Charles W Wlsb, Esq., Chief Cleik, and, eleven Clerks. The Secretary of the Navy has charge of everything connected with the naval establishment, and the execntlon or all laws relating thereto Is intrusted to him, undtr the 'general direction of tbe President of the United State , who, by the Constitution, Is Commander-la-phUf of the .Army and Navy. All instructions to commanders of squadrons and commanders of vessels, sJTorders of officers, commissions of officers both in the navy and marine corps, appointments or commtisioneu and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment and discharge of seamen, emanate from tbe Sec retary's Office. All the duties of the different bureaus are perform' d under the authority of the Secretary,. and. their orders an considered as emanating from him. The general superin tendence of the marine corps form also a part or the duties or the Secretary, and all the orders of the commandant fJJLthat corps should be ap proved by him. Bureau of Nary Yards and Docks. Commo dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four Glerks,one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman. All tbe navy yards, docks, and wharves, build ings and machinery in navy yards, and every thing immediately connected with them, are under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is also charged with the management of the Naval Asylum. Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re pair. John Lcnthall, Esq., Chief of the Burean, eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office or tbe Englneer-in-chier of tbe Navy, Samuel Archbold, Esq., is attached to this bureau, who is assisted by three assistant engineers. This bureau has charge or the building and repairs of all vessels or war, purchase or materials, and the providing or all vessels with their equipments, as sails, anchors, water tanks, &c. The Engi-neer-ln-chier superintends the construction of all marine steam engine i tor tbe navy, and, wltn the approval or the Secretary, decides upon plans for their construction. Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. n. Bridge, Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the navy, and clothing, together with the making of contracts for furnishing tbe same, como under the charge of this bureau. Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt. Duncan Ingrabam, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks, and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge of all ordnance and ordnance stores, tbe manu facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder, shot, shells, ic, and the equipment or vessels or war, with everything connected therewith. It also provides them with maps, charts, chronom eters, barometers, 4c, together with such books as are furnished ships or war. "The United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, are also under the general super intendence of the Chief of this Bureau. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery 'Dr. William Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos pitals, comes within the superintendence of this bureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. non. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R. Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes sengers, and one Laborer. Tbe following bu reaus are attached to this Department. Commanding General's Office. This office, at the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott, is at New York. Adjutant QsneraVs Office. Col. Samuel Coop er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. D. Townscnd, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo cate, Mnjor John F. Lee ; ten Clerks and one Messenger. In this office are kept all the records which refer to the personnel of the army, the rolls, ic. It Is here that all military commis sions are made out. Quartermaster General's Office. Brevet Major General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. 3. Sibley, Brevet Major H. C. Wayne, and Brevet Mnjor J. Belger ; eleven Clerks and one Messenger, Paymaster Generals Office. Col. B. F. Larned, Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster ; Beven Clerks and one Mes senger. Commissary Generate Office. General George Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt. A. E. Shias; six Clerks and one Messenger. Surgeon General's Office. Gin. Thomas Law son, burgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. II. C. Wood; three Clerks and one Messenger. Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph O. Tolten, Chief Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; fire Clerks and one Messenger. Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. C. Wood ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger. Ordnance Bureau. Col. H. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna dicr; eight Clerks and one Messenger. BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTORY. THE subscriber has the pleasure of informing his friends and former customers that he is engaged In the Boot and Shoe manufacturing business, with an entire new stock, such as Melles' French Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, Pumps, ic, with a superior stock of Lemoints1 French Calf-skins, and all other materials for the manu facture of Gentlemen's fine Boots and Shies, pur chased for Cash, nnd will be made up by the best workmen, and sold at the Lowest Cash Prices, for Cash only. To my former patrons, It is useless to say any thing or my qualifications for tbe business I bavo again embarked in. To them, and the public generally, I will only say, I can at all times be found nt home, and ready to wait on them. Tbe one-price rule will be strictly adhered to. Give me a call. JOHN MILLS, Agent, Fashionable Boot and Shoe-maker, No. 604 Pennsylvania avenue, between the St. Charles Hotel and Adams's Ex press Office, formerly under Brown's Hotel. P. S. I have no Interest in, or connection with, any other store than the one I am in, No. 504 Pennsylvania avenue. J- " nov 20 GOSHEN BUTTER A-ND CHEESE. I WILL have In store In a day or two Choice GOSHEN BUTTER and CHEESE, of as fine quality as can be bad, to which I Invite the at tention or purchasers. JKSSE B. WILSON, 337 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh nov 20 streets, south side.