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THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (SONDATB EXCEPTED,) Oa Seventh street, ocas E, opposite the General Post Ofllce, by LEWIS CLEPHANE A CO. TSRilS. To city subscribers, six cents per week, paya ble to the carrier!. To mall subscriber three dollars said fifty cents per annum, payable in advance. hates dp ADVtiilTisni'd. One square, three days $1.00 One square, four days , 1.25 One square, five days 1.50 One square, six days , 1,75 One Square, two weeks t, 2.J5 On square, three weeks ...'.... ;,.. S.60 One square, one month 4,oq One square, three months 10.00 One square, six months 18 00 One square, one year 30.00 Every other day- and once week advertise ments, fifty per cent, advance on the above. Inserted as reading matter, tea cents a line. Church and other notices, Mid wants, twsnty five cents for each Insertion. Ten lines or less constitute a square. ifflnifoit C J?CV 51 C K X Vol. I. WASHINGTON, D. C, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1860. No. 19. , PRICE ONE CENT. Parson Brownlow is down on long prayers. In his last issue ho says : It is ridiculous to think of going to church two or three times on the Sabbath, and hear n man of ordinary tal ents preach, from one to two hours at a stretch, and begin and end the services with ft prayer half as long as his sermon, and, if possible, more dry, lifeless, and uninteresting. Long sermons drive people nway from church, or, which is the same, prevent them from goiug. Long prayers are unreasonable ns well as un profitable. Wo have bceriliatening to sermons and prayers, forlol these last forty ycais, and the rcsult'of our observations is, as a general thing, long sermons and prayers are delivered in a slow, stupid manner, and aro full of circum locution and vain repetitions. The effect, there fore, is to drive out of church the. spirit of de votion, and to freeze to death every religious feeling. Our Saviour has given us n model for our sermons, in that inimitablo sermon of his on the Mount. It has fitly been denominated "an' assemblage of doctrinal perfections." It was delivered under two general heads that of repentance towards God, and faith in Christ. Indeed, repentance was the text, and, in its dis cussion, he first pointed out its nature, and sec ondly its rewards. Our Saviour has also given us a model for our prayers. It consists of one sentenco ofintroduction, seven short petitions, and a half dozen words of conclusion, and can bo offered up by any ono in one minute, by the watch. And yet, short as it is, it asks for every blessing that tho individual, the church, nnd the world, needs. Anecdote ok Gex. S( ott. The Century re ports, that during nullification times General Scott was at Fort Moultrie, with a command of eight hundred men, nnd a full complement of officers. With a uew to allay some natural anxiety in his own mind ns to the fidelity of his officers, he sent for a Judge of the United States court, and addressed him, in their hear ing, as follows : " Judge, I have long ago taken my oath of allegiance to the United States Government, but it occurs to mo that in this extraordinary emergency I will do it again. There is no impropriety in it and gentlemen," said he, turning to his officers, "it will not hurt any of us." The oath was then adminis tered to every officer present ; nnd the occa sion was manifestly felt to bo one of unusual solemnity. ArrciBANCE of the South Carolina Le gislature. The members sit with their hats on. The Clerk, clothed like an Episcopal cler gyman, calls the roll. The raessenge , in front of tho Speaker's room, strikes his staff on the floor, crying out, " make way for the Speaker ;" the Doorkeeper repeats it loudly with three heavy raps of his staff, and then the Speaker himself, clothed in a rich blue mazarine robe, marches up the aisle to his scat. The building in which the body meets is very old and incon venient. Tho seats aro old ana bestrewed with papers. The members are noisy and talkative, and, with their hats on, look more like a com mon political gathering than anything else. A modern Othello is reported to have be witched nearly half a dozen Dcsdomouns lately. They are all daughters of one family, and threaten to elope if the slightest opposition to tho perpetual union with tho Moor is mndo by paterfamilias. The names of tho young dam sels aro Misses S. Carolina, Flora Ida, Ally Bama, Miss Sissippi, and Miss Georgia. The others, Miss Virginia, Miss Louisa Anna, Miss Souri, and Miss Mary Land, are in love with the fellow, but won't leave Uncle Sam's comfort able home on bis account. They are sensi ble. Commercial Advertiser. French Cure Fort DirimibRiA Mix pow dcred borax and burnt alum in about equal parts, and dip a piece of soft linen or cotton cloth, saturated with water, in the compound, and rub tho fiffected part three or four times daily. Tho end of tho fore finger Is tho best, unless the sore is too deep in tho throat Mako a gargle of burnt alum, borax powdered, course salt, and inegar, whi'h dilute with a little wa ter, and add a little honey, and gargle the throat seven or eight times a day the ofteuer tho better and a perfect cure may be relied on if the case is not too aggravated ; if so, caus tic must be used, and the gargle as before di rected. It would bo well to take na emetic and some medicine to keep the bowels open. Interesting to Divorced Wives. Tho New York Court of Common Pleas, Judge Urady presiding, lias decided, that in cases of divorce, the femnle side of tho house must pay its own debts from the moment the decree of divorce is rendered. The lose is that of Mrs. Forrest, who resisted payment of a claim for dry goods amounting to $55'2, on tho ground that she was then the wife of Mr. Forrest, the question turning upon tho point of appeal from tho decree of divorce still pending. The court decided that tho appeal was only for tho pur pose of settling the question of alimony. (JTA correspondent of tho Now York Sun writes that, while travelling in North Wules, he fell into conversation with a plump and comfortable looking Welsh woman, who, on learning that ho was an Americau, inquired, with considerable curiosity, "What tube do jou belong to?" " To tho tribe of Yankees," was his instant rejoinder. She nodded in a satisfied munuer, and said " she had heard of them." A Reci ipt in Full. A German out West being required to give a receipt in full, after much mental cuort, produce! the IoIIowiul' : " I ish full. I wants no mora money. John Swnckhani, mer." This reminds us of a re ceipt onco given by a hand (nu Irihhman) em ployed in tho Adieiliser office in lioton. hen requested to write the receipt, ho sat down and produced tho following: " I've got the money. John llurke." I Ulfsber, Iceland, was lately tho ncno of a most remarkable mirage. faevcral nhips were seen sailing through the air in a hue, appa rently some miles hi extent. Some appeared at anchor, near a fortress built on u rock ; oth ers seemed to nppruach so near the coaM thut the spectators could iue, through thu clear at mosphere, thu images of sailois at work in the rigging. POTASH AND PEARLASII, FOR sale by CHARLES STOTT, Druggist, No. 375 I'enn. avenue, nearly opposite nov 20 tswlm National Hotel. CALL at LAMMOND'S, 484 Seventh street, and buy your Toys cheap, dee 17 3t KUISS KIUNGLK. D. KOMI'S BALSAMIC LUN1 INVIGQltATOR A CERTAIN CURE for Congus, Co'ds, Affec tions of the Throat and Lung'. A trial will make every ore its frie d, being Agreeable to tsko, and certain to cur. Price 60 c nt. For sale by Messrs. G lman, Stott, Clark, Wright, Nairn, Ffl-d, Kldwell, Thompjon, Ridge ly, Moore, Msjor, &c. nov 20 GltEAT BARGAINS AT THE PEOPLE'S CLOTHING STORE, No. 406 Seventh street, near E. IAM now offering my large stock of Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Hats, and Caps, at re markably low prices, In order to decrease my large stock. N. B. All persons In want of Clothing and Furnishing Goods will find It greatly to their advantage to give me a call, ns 1 am determined to sell loner Itinn any other houso iu tuwri. Don't forget the name and number. - J. II. SMITH, Clothier, dee 7 Im 400 Seventh t , op. Post Office. TVIEW MESS MACKEREL,, &c, Ac 1 1 6 Barrels New No. 1 Mess Mackerel. 20 barrels Large New No. 1 Mackerel. 100 Halves, Quarters, and Eighths Barrels New Mess and No. 1 Mackerel. 5,000 pounds Large Fat CodUsb. 5 tierces No 1 Salmon. 25 kits No. 1 S lmon. 50 I'oica Scaled Herrings. 200 barrels No 1 t. Julia's Alewlves. 200 barrels No. 1 Gibbcd Herring. For sale by E. B. WHITE k CO., No. 63 Louisiana aveuue, bet. Sixth and Seventh streets, opposite Bank dec 15 of Washington. H. S1EGEL, 391 renn av., lietieeen Four- and-a-hnlj and Sixth sis., (couth si lc,) Importer and wholesale dealer in WINE, BRANDY, GIN, CORDIAL, &c. DRUGGISTS, Grocers, and Liquor Dealers, will find it to their advantage to give me a call. I will sell the goods direct from the Cus tom House at New York prices. Old Cincinnati Rye Whisky always on hand, with a choice sssorlment of Wines, Brandies, Gins, Cordial &i dec 3 3m JOHN R. ELVANS, 309 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, Between Ninth and Tenth streets, dialer IX COACH AND CABINET HARDWARE, BAR-IRON, STEEL, Ao. Sidy or Tin Ann and Hamiiir. nov 26 lmeod. STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY, Corner of Lid ana avenue and S cond street, Washington, V. C. BOOKS, Pamphlet'", Wood Engravings, and Jobs of all kinds, Stercot) ped to order. A variety of Business Cuts on hand, for sale, cheap lor casb. u. w. .MUUKAY, stereotyper. JU NOTICEI rfi WISH all gentlemen to bear' K iu mind Itiat tbe man wmiu 1 idopled, six years ago, of selling HATd and BOOTS at greatly reduced prices, for cash, Is In successful operation. Just received, a full supply of the latest New York styles nf DRESS HATS. The very finest Hat at S3 50 ; a hrst-rate Hat, S3 ; and very good, fashionable Hat, $i.50. All of tbe latest styles of soft II ATS and CAPS, at the very lowist prices. I am constantly supplied with a very large slock ot those fino DRESS BOOTS, at $3.75 which I have been selling for many jears asv.cll ns tbe very best quality of Patent Leather GAIT ERS, at S3 50 Fine French Calfskin Gaiters, from $1 to $2 50. Terms cash. No extrv chargo In order to off set bad debts. ANTUON , Agent for tbe Manu facturers, Seventh street, second Hat Store from tho corner, opposite Avenue House, No 540. nov 2(5 TO HOUSEKEEPERS OF WASHINGTON, GEORGETOWN, AND VICINITY. WE invite the attention of housekeepers to our very large and beautilul stock ot China, Glass, and Earthen Ware, Which is now rendered complete iu every depart ment by our recent Importations. We deem it unnecessary to enumerato articles, as we have everything that Is usually Kipt In tbe China busluoss, from rich decorated French China Dinner and Tea Suts, to thu ordinary Earthen Ware) and, as we import the majority of our goods, we are prepared to furnish the best quality, either to the wholesale or retail trade, as low ns any of tbe linporliug bouses of Balti more. English end Amedeau Cutlery of superior quality. Also, Horn, Buuk, and Cocoa-handled Cutlery, from tlio same factories. Silver-plated Ware on tine albata, warranted. A large stqck of Coal Oil Lamps, numerous patterns. Parlor Lamp-shades nnd Chimneys. Out Glass Globes. lliadutti Glasses, Fancy Articles, Tuvs, ic. C. S FOWLER A. CO., dec 4-eo 50 1 Odd Fellow.' Hall, 7th street mm Some Opinions of Mr. Lincoln. SELKOTKIl VERUATIV FROM IMS SPEECHES, AMD rEUTINLNT TO THE PRESENT OCCASION. "I say that we must not interfere with tho institution of slavery in the States where it ex ists, because tliu Constitution forbids it, and the general welfare doc not require us to do so. Wo must not withhold mi efficient fugitivo slave law, because the Constitution requires us, ns I understand it, not to withhold such a law. But we must moment the out-spreading of the in stitution, because neither the Constitution nor the general welfare requires us to extend it. Wo must prevent tho revival of the African slave trade, and tho enacting by Congress of n Territorial slnvo code. We must prevent each of these things being done by either Congress or courts. Tho people of tbe United States are the rightful masters of both Congresses and courts not to overthrow tho Constitntion, but overthrow the men who pervert the Constitu tion I " Sjeech at Cincinnati, September 18, 1859. " I hold myself under constitutional obliga tions to allow the people in ull the States, with out interference, direct or indirect, to do exact ly as they please; and I deny that I have any inclination to iutorfcru with them, even if there were no such constitutional obligation. I can only say again, that I am placed improperly nltogether improperly, in spite of ull that I can s.i when it is insisted that I entertain any other views or purposes in regard to that mat ter (slavery.)" Sjicah at Jvnesborough, III., Srpt. 10, 1858. " While it (slavery) drives on in its state of progress as it ii now driving, and as it has driven for tho Inst five yenrs, I have cnturcd the opinion, and say today, that we will have no end to the slavery agitation until it takes one turn or the other. I do not mean that when it takes a turn toward ultimate extinction it will ho in n day, nor in a )enr, nor in two vears. I do not suppose that in the moit peace lul way ultimate extinction would occur in less than n hundred years at least ; but that it will occur in the best way fur both races, in God's own good time, I have no doubt." Sjiecch at Charleston, III, Sept. 18, 1858. " Mr. Douglas's popular sovereignty, as a principle, is simply this: If one man chooses to make a slave of another, neither that man nor anybody else has a right to object." Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1859. " I hnve intimated that I thought the agita tion (of slavery) would not cense until a crisis should bo reached mid passed. I have stated in what way I have thought it would bo reached nnd passed. We might, by arresting the fur ther spread of it, and placing it whero the fathers originally placed it, put it where the public mind should rest in the belief thut it was in the course of ultimate extinction. Thus the agitation may cease. It may be pushed for ward until it shall betoino alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South. I entertain tho opinion, upon evidence sufficient to my mind, that the fathers of this Government placed that institution where the public mind did rest in the belief that it was in the course of ultimate extinction: and when I desire to Bee tho further spread of it arrested, I only say that I desire to see that done which the fathers havo first done. It is not true that our fathers, as Judge Douglas assumes, made this Government part slave and part free. Un derstand the Bense in which he puts it ho as sumes that slavery is a rightful thing within itself was introduced by the framers of the Constitution. Tho exact truth is, that they found the institution existing nmong us, ana they left it ns they found it. But in making the Government, they left this institution with many clear marks of disapprobation upon it. They found slavery among them, nnd they left it among them becauso of thu difficulty the absolute impossibility of its immediate re moval." Speech at Alton, OU. 18, 1858. ' Let mo say I have no prejudice against the Southern people. They are just what we would bo in their situation. If slavery did not exist among them they would not introduce it. If it did now uxist among us, we should not in stau'.lv give it up. This I belie vo of ihe masses, Noith und South. Doubtless thero nro indi viduals ou both sides who would not hold slaves uudtr any circumstances ; nnd others who would gladly introduce slavery anew if it were now out of existence. Wo know that some Southern men do free their slaves, go North, and become tip-top abolitionists; while some Northern ones go South, and become most cruel slave masters. " When Southern people tell us thoy are no more responsible for the origin of slavery than we arc, 1 acknowledge the fact. When it is suid that thu institution exists, nnd that it is very difficult to get rid ol it iu any satisfactory way, I can undeistand and appreciate thu say ing. I surely will not blame them for not do ing whut I should out know how to do myself. It nil earthly power were given ino, I should not know what to do, as to tho existing institu tion. My first impulse would be to frco all the slaves, and send them to Liberia to their own native laud. Hut a luoinent'o reflection would convince me, that whatever of high hope (as I think theie is) thero may be in this, in the long run, its sudden executiou is impossible. It they wcro all landed there in u day, they would perish in the next tun days ; and there are not surplus shipping and surplus money enough in the world to carry thorn there in many times ten days. What then ? Free them all, and keep them among us as underlings ? Is it quite certain that this betters their condition? I think I would not hold oue iu slavery at any rato j yet tho point isliot clear enough to de nounce people upon. Whut next? Free them, and mako them politically and socially our equals? My own feelings will not admit of this; and it uuuu would, we well Know uiui those ot thu groat mass nl whito people will nut. Whether this felling accords with ju&lico ui.d sound judgment, is not thu sole quiotiou, il, indeed, it is any part of it. A universal leel ing, whether well or ill founded, cauuot be sifcly disregarded. Wo culiuot, then, mako them equals. It does seem to me that sys tems of gradual emancipation might be adopt id: but for that taidincsi iu this respect, I will not undertake to judgu our brethren of the South. " hen thoy remind us of their constitutional rights, I acknowledge them, not grudgingly, but fully and fairly, and I would givo them an) legislation for tbe reclaiming of their lugi lives, which should not, iu its stringency, be inoro likely to curry a freo man into slavery that our ordinary criminal laws are to haug an innocent one." Speech at Otlowa, III., Aug. 21, 1858. " Has anything ever threatened the oxistence of this Union, save and except this very institu tion of slavery ? What is it that we hold most dear amongst ns? Our own liberty and pros perity. What has ever threatened our liberty and prosperity, save and except this institution of slavery ? If this is true, bow do you propose to improve the condition of things by enlarging slavery by spreading it out, and making it bigger ? ' You may havo a wen or cancer on your person, and not bo able to cut it out, lest you meed to death ; but surely it is no way to cure it to engraft it, and spread it over your whole body. That is no proper way of treating what you regard as a wrong." Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 1858. " I suppose most of us (I know it of myself) believe that the peoplo of the Southern States are entitled to a Congressional fugitive slave law. As tho right is constitutional, I agree that the legislation shall be granted to it, and that not that we like the ins'itution of slavery. We profess to hnve no taste for running and catching negroes; at least, I profess no taste for that job at all. Why, then, do I yield sup port to a fugitive slave law 7 Because I do not understand that the Constitution, which guar anties that right, can be supported without it," Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 858. " The real issue in this controversy the one pressing upon every mind is the sentiment on the part ot ono class that looks upon the insti tution of slavery as a wrong, nnd of another class that docs not look upon it as a wrong. The sentiment that contemplates the institution of slavery in this country as a wrong, is the sentiment of the Republican party. They look upon it ns being a moral, social, and political wrong; and while they contemplate it as such, they nevertheless hnve due regard for its actual existence among us, nnd the difficulties of get ting lid of it in any satisfactory way, and to all the constitutional obligations thrown about it. Yet h wing a duo regard for these, they desire a policy iu regard to it that looks to its not cre ating nuy moro danger. They insist thut it should, ns far as may be, bo treated as a wrong ; and oue of the methods of treating it as a .wrong is to muke provision that it snail grow no larger. If there bo a man among us who does not think that the institution of slavery is wrong in any of the aspects of which I have spoken, ho is misplaced, and ought not to be with us. And if there be a man amongst us who is so impatient of it as a wrong as to dis regard its actual presence among ns, and the dilhculty of getting rid of it suddenly in a sat isfactory wu), and to disregard the constitu tional obligations thrown about it, that man is misplaced if he is on our platform." Seech at Alton, Oct. 15, 1858. A FEW WORDS TO THE SOOTH. " Wc the Republicans, and others, forming the opposition of the country, intend to ' stand by our guns,' to bo patient and firm, and in the long run to beat you. When we do beat you, you perhaps want to know what we will do with you. I will tell you, so far as I am au thorized to speak for tho opposition, what we mean to do with you. Wc mean to treat you, as nearly as we possibly can, as Washington, Jefferson, and Madison, treated you. We mean to leave you alone, and in no way interfere with your institution ; to abido by every com promise of the Constitution : ana, in a word, coming back to the original proposition, to treat you as far as.degcnerated men (if we have degenerated! may, according to the examples of those noblo fathers Washington, Jefferson, and Madison. We mean to remember that you are ns good as we are ; that there is no dif ference between us, other than the difference of circumstances. We mean to recognise and bear iu mind, always, that you have as good hearts in your bosoms as other people, or as wo claim to have, and to treat ou accord ingly. Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1859. FOR COUGHS, COLDS, &c. A YElfS CIIUKUY PECTORAL. Jay no's Expectorant. Stabler'd Expectorant. Tyler's Syrup Gum Arabic. Brown's Bronchial Troches. AVistar's Cough Lozenges. Wistar's Balsam Wild Cherry. Swnjne's Sjrnp Wild Cherry. Bryant's Pulmonic Wafers. For sale by CHARLES STOTT, No. 375 Pennsylvania avenue, nov 26 tnwlm EDMUND F. BROWN, Notary Public, Commisiioner of the Court of Claims anajor lie mate or uattjornia, ana Attorney for business in the several Depart ments, IS prepared to take Depositions for the Court of Claims, and thu Courts in the several States and Territories ; and also to act as Counsellor end Attorney for business before the different Departments of Government. Deeds, Wills, and other Writings, prepared, and Acknowledgments taken. Ofllce, 402 F street, next to Seventh street, op posite the Post Olllce and Palest Ulhce. dec 4 2aw3m Faints, Oils, and Window Glass. LEWIS'S pure White Lead. French Zinc, pure. Sterling White Lead, in tins, at $1 and $2 each. Linseed Oil. Turpentine, Litharge. Chrome, Green and Yellow. Ochre, Red and Yellow. Red Lead, Fire-Proof Paint. Window Glass, all sizes, and Putty. For sale very low for cash, by CUAKLL'S STOTT, nov JO tawliu No. 375 Penn. avenue. MRS. N. L. DONALDSON "OEGS leave to Inlonn the public of Washing- J.J lun that she iinsopeneaamuiuuiwiriiic, GALLERY, No. 18 Ci utre Market Space, Tenn avenuo, betw een Eighth and Ninth streets, where she is pre'pired to take Pictures of all sizes and 6tylos j Photogrrp'is and Spheiootypes, with neatness and diqiatui , also, Copies from Da guereotjpes nnd Putuiei of all kinds, either In clear or gloomy weather. My rooms uie conveniently situated but one sbort flight ot stairs to hitting Room so that aged or debilitated persons may sit for Pictures with but little inconvenience. Photographs can bo foi warded to any part of tbe country by mail. I guaranty perfect satisfaction to all who may favor me with their patrouage. Dec 4 3teod REPUBLICAN PLATFORM. Resolved, That we, the delegated representa tives of the Republican Electors of the United States, in Convention assembled, In discharge of the duty we owo to our constituents and our country, unite In the following declarations : First. That the history of the nation during the last four years has fully established the pro priety and necessity of the organization and per petuation of tbe Republican party, and that the cansea which called It Into existence are perma nent In their nature, and now, more than ever before, demand its peaceful and constitutional triumph. Second. That the maintenance of the princlnles promulgated In the Declaration of Independence, and embodied in the Federal Constitution, "that all men are created equal ; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, nnd the pur suit of happiness that to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among men, deriving their justpowers from tbeconscnt of thegoverned," is essential to the preservation of our republican institutions; and that the Federal Constitution, the rights of the Slates, and tho Union of the States, must and shall be preserved. Third. That to the Union of the States this nation owes its unprecedented increase In popu lation ; Its surprising development of material resources ; Its rapid augmentation of wealth ; Its happiness at home and Its honor abroad ; and we hold In abhorrence all schemes for disunion, come from whatever source they may; and we congratulate the country that no Rertublican member of Congress has uttered or countenanced a threat of disunion, so often made by Demo cratic members without rebuke and with ap plause from their political associates ; and we denounce those threats of disunion, In case of a popular overthrow of their ascendency, as de nying the vital principles of a free Government, and as an avowal of contemplated treason, which it Is the imperative duty of an Indignant people sternly to rebuke and forever silence. Fourth. That the maintenance Inviolate of the rights of the States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own do mestic Institutions, according to Its own judg ment exclusively, is essential to that balance of power on which the perfection and endurance of our political fabric depends; and we denounce the lawless Invasion by armed force or the soil of any State or Territory, no matter under what pretext, as nmong the gravest or crimes. Ffth. That the present Democratic Adminis tration has far exceeded our worst apprehensions In lis measureless subserviency to tbe exactions of a sectional Interest, as especially evidenced in its desperate exerttons to force the infamous Lecompton Constitution upon the protesting peo ple of Kansas In construing the personal rela tion between master and servant to involve an unqualified property in persons in its attempted enforcement everywhere, on land and sea, through tbe Intervention of Congress and of the Federal courts, of tbe extreme pretensions of a purely lo cal Interest, and in its general and unvarying abuse of the power intrusted to it by a confiding people. Sixth. That the people justly view with alarm tho reckless extravagance which pervades every department of the Federal Government; that a return to rigid economy and accountability is in dispensable to arrest the systematic plunder of the public Treasury by favored partisans ; while the recent startling developments of frauds and cor ruptions at the Federal metropolis show that an entire change of Administration is imperatively demanded. Seventh. That the new dogma that the Constl tutloa of Its own force carries slavery Into any or all of tho Territories of the Unitid States, Is a dangerous political heresy, at variance with the explicit provisions of that Instrument Itself, with cotemporaneous exposition, and with legislative and judicial precedent; is revolutionary in Its tendency, and subversive of the peace and har mony of the country. Eighth. That tho normal condition of all the territory of the United States is that of Freedom; that as our republican fathers, when they bad abolished slavery Iu all our national territory, ordained that "no person should be deprived of life, liberty, or proper!) , without due process of law," It becomes our duty, by legislation, when ever such legislation Is necessary, to maintain this provision of the Constitution against all at tempts to violate it; and we deny the authority of Congress, of a Territorial Legislature, or of any individuals, to givo legtl existence to sla very In any Territory of tbe United States. Ninth. That we brand the recent reopening of the African slave trade, under tbe cover of our national flag, aided by perversions of judicial power, as a crime against humanity, and a burning shame to our country und age ; and we call upon Congress to take prompt and efllcinnt measures for tho total and imal suppression of that exe crable traffic. Tenth. That In the recent vetoes by their Fed eral Governors of the nets of the Legislatures ot Kansas and Nebraska, prohibiting slavery in those Territories, we find a practical illustration of Ihe boasted Democrutio principle of non-intervention and popular sovereignty embodied in tbe Kansas-Nebraska bill, and a demonstration of the deception and fraud Involved therein. VAtventh. That Kansas should of right be im mediately admitted as a State under tbe Consti tution recently foimed and adopted by her people, and accepted by tho House of Representatives. Tweljlh. Tbat while providing revenue for the support of the General Government by duties upon Imports, sound policy requires such an ad justment of these Imposts as to encourage the de velopment ot tbe Industrial interests of tbe whole country ; and wc commend that policy of nation al exchanges, which secures to the working men liberal wages, to agriculture remunerating prices, to mechanics and manufacturers an adequate reward for their skill, labor, and enterprise, and to the nation commercial prosperity and inde pendence. Thirutntn. mat we proiesi against any saie or alienation to others of the puhllc lands held by actual settlers, and against any view of the tree homestead policy which regards the settlers as paupers or supplicants tor public bounty ; and we demand the passage by Congress ol the com plete and satisfactory homestead measure which bus already passed the House. Fourteenth. That the Republican party is op posed to any change in our naturalization laws, or any Statu legislation by which tbe rights of citizenship hitherto accorded to immigrants from foreign lands shall be abridged or impaired ; and in favor of giving a full and efficient protection to the rights of all classes of citizens, whether nrtive or naturalized, both at borne and abroad. Fif'cttih. That appropriations by Congress for river and harbor Improvements of a nation al character, required for tbe accommodation and security of an existing commerce, are author ized by the Constitution and justified by an ob ligation of the Government to protect the lives and property of its citizens. Sixteenth. That a railroad to the PaclSe Ocean Is Imperatively demanded by tbe Interests of the whole country; tbat the Federal Government ought to render Immediate and efficient aid in its construction; and that, as preliminary thereto, a dally overland mail should be promptly es tablished. Seventtenth. Finally, having thus set forth our distinctive principles and views, we Invite the co-operation of all citizens, however differing on other questions, who substantially agree with ns, In their affirmance and support. BELL AND EVERETT PLATFORM. Whereas experience has demonstrated that platforms adopted by tho partisan Conventions of the country have had the effect to mislead and deceive the peoplo, and at the same time to widen the political divisions of the country, by the creation and encouragement of geograph ical and sectional parties : therefore, Resolved, That it is both tho part of patriot ism and of duty to recognise no political prin ciple other than the Constitution of the country, the union of the Slates, and the enforcement of the laws ; and that as representatives of the Constitutional Union men of the country, in National Convention nssembled, wo hereby pledge ourselves to maintain, protect, and de fend, separately and unitedly, these great prin ciples of public liberty and national safety ngniust all enemies, at dome and abroad, be lieving thereby peace may once more be re etond to the country, tho just rights of tho people and of the States re established, and the Goverment again placed in that condition of justice, fraternity, nnd equality, which, under the example nnd Constitution of our fathers, has solemnly bound every citizen of the United States to maintain a more perfect union, estab lish justice, iusuro domestic tranquillity, pro vide for the common defence, promote the gen eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liber ty to ourselves nnd our posterity. DOUGLAS AND JOHNSON PLATFORM. Itcsohed, That wc, tbe Democracy of the Union, in Convention assembled, hereby de clare our affirmance of the resolutions unani mously adopted and declared as a platform of principles by the Democratic Convention at Cincinnati, in the year 1856, believing that Democratic principles are unchangeable in their nature, when applied to the same subject matter; and wo recommend as tho only further resolutions the following : Jlesolved, That it is the dnty of the United States to afford ample and complete protection to all its citizens, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or foreign. Resolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in a military, commercial, and postal point of view, is speedy communication be tween the Atlantic and Pacific States; and the Democratic party pledge such constitution al government aid as will insure the construc tion of a railroad to the 1'acifio coast at the earliest practicable period. Resolved, That the Democratic party are in favor of the acquisition of the island of Cuba, on such terms as shall be honorable to our selves and just to Spain. Resolved, That the enactment of State Leg islatures to defeat the faithful execution of tho fugitive slave law are hostile in character, sub versiv o of the Constitution, aud revolutionary in their effect. Resolved, That in accordance with the in terpretation of the Cincinnati platform, that, during the existence of the Territorial Govern ments, the measure of restriction, whatever it may be, imposed by the Federal Constitution on tho power of tho Territorial Legislature over the subject of the domestic relations, ns tho fa mo has been, or shall hereafter be, finally determined by tho Supremo Court of tho Uni ted States, should be respected by all good citizens, nnd enforced with promptness and fidelity by every branch of the Geueral Gov ernment. BRECKINRIDGE AND LANE PLATFORM. Rrsulved, That the platform adopted by the Democratic party at Cincinnati bo affirmed, with the following explanatory resolutions: I'irKt. That tho Government of n Territory organized by an net of Congress is provisional and temporary, and during its existence all lit irens of the United States have an equal right 10 seme wun luuir property in cue lerriiuvic, without their rights, either of person or prop erty, being destroyed or impaired by Congres sional or Territorial legislation. Second. That it is the duty of the Federal Government, in nil its departments, do protect, when necessary, the rights of persons and prop erty in tho Territories, and wherever else, its constitutional authority extends. Third. That when the settlers of a Territory, having an adequate population, form a Stato Constitution, the right of sovereignty com mences, and, being consummated by admission into the Union, they stand on an equal footing with the peoplo of other States ; and the Stato thus orguuized ought to be admitted into the Federal Union, whether its Constitution pro hibits or recognises the institution of slavery. Resohtd, That tho Democratic party aro in fuvor of the acquisition of the island of Cuba on such terms ns will be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, at the earliest practicable moment. Resolved, That tho enactment of Stato Legis latures to defeat tho faithful executiou of tho fugitiv u slavo law are hostile in character, sub versivo of the Constitution, and revolutionary in their effect. Resolved, That the Democracy of the United Slates recognise it as tbe imperative duty of this Government to protect tho naturalized citizen in all his rights, whether at homo or in foreign lands, to tho samo extent as its native-born cit izens. W hcreas one of tho greatest necessities of the age, in a political, commercial, postal, and military point f view, is a speedy communica tion betweon tho l'aciiic and Atlantic coasts ; therelore be it Readied, '1 hat tho National Democratic party do hereby pledge themselves to use every means in their powir to secure the passage of soma bill, to thu extent of tho constitutional author ity of Congress, for the construction of a Pa cific railroad from the Mississippi river to the Pacific ocean, at the earliest practicable moment.