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The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, December 29, 1860, Image 4

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Miscellaneous Items.
"Secession" Movements at Chicaoo.
There aro Jorty-two divorce cases, cither fin
ished or in various degrees of progress, en
tercd sinco May last, upon tho docket of tbo
Superior Court, Chicago.
The Chickasaw Guards, or Houston, Missis
sippi, turned out for practice for rt prize cup,
tho other da;. The bull's rye of tho target bad
a hole in it, nnd, nfter the whole company bud
fired, no'mark was found on tho target, whenco
it was charitably inferred that nil tho balls bad
gone through the bole aforesaid. All the murks
men being thus equally excellent, it was im
possible to ft wind the cup, wliiili is lo bo shot
for again, when it is hoped I hut tuniibody will
do some bad shooting.
The Sooth axi the 1'ost Omen. We
quote, from the last annual report of the 1'ost
muster General, the receipts and expenditures
during the jear fur the postal service in the fol
lowing States:
IVrelpu. Kicnititnrc, TVnclt.
South Carolina $107,5:10 ?.ll",008 $217,52:1
Georgia 11:8,005 1158,180 1811,515
Florida - 2.5,1)32 171,185 115,253
Alabama - - 12il,103 :iG:t,t;20 2114,520
Mississippi - 101,5 ID 37'J,0OL 280,445
It is jocularly said, that on the question of
repressing secession, ltuchanan occupies the
platform ol Knsigji btcbbins, who was in favor
of the Maine law, but opposed to its execution.
Plunkins, who is certain the Sonth will se
cede, is slightly consoled with the reliection,
that though- they may tako possession of the
Capitol, shut up the mouth of the Mississippi,
and appropriate the Gulf stream, they can't
have the Northern Lights 1
The Atalanta (Ga.) Confederacy gives How
ell Cobb a terrible scathing to sweeten his re
turn home. After describing the financial and
commercial distress in Georgia, it says :
" Why these troubles? We answer, trtachrry,
imbecility, corruption, fraud, and ambition, have
characterized the Administration of James Bu
chanan, tie and the gourmand Cobb have
victimized the Government, and are to day try
ing to end the sickening spectacle by civil war,
insurrection, and famine 1"
The Mixister ami the Hi.ce Cockade.
A very conservative and genial minister of this
city, meeting one of his oung friends on the
street, looked with some curiosity upon what
struck him as a blue rose on the hat of his
young friend, und iuquired what it meant.
"Sirl" said the young blood, ' that is a hluo
cockade.'' " Cockade I-' echoed the minister,
"cockade I" "Yes, sir; blue cockade. That's
all right, aint it, sir?" " Yes," said the min
ister, " all right, all right on the yooie." The
young man has not been seeu since. Louis
ville Democrat.
An ecccntrically-dres-ed woman, carrying
ono dog in nnns, and having another nt her
heels, wns arrested at Buffalo on Wednesday
for VRgruncy. Sho was quite reconciled to go
to tho woikhouse for sixty days, as tliu judge
pcrmittea her to have her dogs with her.
A man down in Maine, determined to live to
n good old age, uses no alcoholic or fermented
drinks, no tobacco, tea, collie, spices, pepper,
or vinegar, and eats but littla meat or butter,
no Hour bread, and no gr.-wies, or other " fix
ings," to coax the appetite, lie rises ut four,
winter and summer, and bathes always in the
coldest water he cau obtain. For twenty-six
years he has bad no ache or pain, and, being
fifty years of age, considers himself good for
fifty more, and never expects to die until the
machino wears out.
The Arabian horses that were presented to
Governor Seward have been transferred by
that gentleman to the caro of the State Agri
cultural Society, who, in turn, have given them
in chargo of the Messrs. Bathgate, of Fordham.
We learn that stables are now being arranged
for the reception of these distinguished stran
gers, who will soon take up their abode in our
county, where they, no doubt, will prove objects
of interest to all breeding fine horses for the
road ar track. Due notice will bo given when
the Messrs. Bathgate arc prepared to receive
visits from the public.
Newspaper Omtcary. The Southern Con
federacy, a paper published at Atlanta, Georgia,
. and edited by Dr. llambleton which New ork
merchants will remember as the originator of
the scheme of" White Bud lllaek Lists" has
hud the misfortune to fall into the hands of the
sheriff, and the inexorable sheriiT hns " exe
cuted " it according to law in such cases made
and provided. The Confederacy will be heard
of no more. N.- V. 'oit.
Prentice on Coats ok Aums. If South
Carolina does Becede, recede, draw back, back
down, back out from the Union, we hope sho
will have the grace to display a huge craw-fish
on ber coat of arms.
Names or Secession- Clous is- Savanvah,
(j Kernel a. Minute Men, Home Guard, South
em Rights Club, Sous of the South, Bell Dogs,
Rattle Snakes, Kangaroos, and Nigger Pro
tectors. Alpbonse Karr, hearing one day an infan
tile musical prodigy, about which everjbody
was in raptures, said coldly to a friend at his
elbow: "Well, I don't like him so well as
last night" " Why ? " quoth his friend, " hi
ring played better today tban yesterday !"
" It is true," answered tho critic ; " but then
lie is 24 hours older I"
Incendiary Litehatoiie and Literary In
cendiauies, The Albany (Ga.) paper relates
tho following incident :
"Just then a new scene was presented.
Our enterprising book merchant, L. E. Welch,
appeared with a large bundle of Harper's Mag
azine, and somo other periodicals of a like kit,
nnd, constructing the pile in the middle of
Broad street, they were well sprinkled with
camphene, and then touched off with a light
wooa torch, (in the hands of a little boy, the son
of an immediate secessionist,) and burned to
ashes, amid the plaudits of the crowd."
Christmas in Pini.Anei.ruii. The city of
brotherly love did uot keep Christmas as she
should have kept it. Tho Philadelphia News
"The number of cases of drunkenness and
disorderly conduct were greater than wo ex
pected, and the arrests by the police were con
siderable." MifSissiiri's Dukiis. Tho N. 0. Villa says,
a letter-writer who holds some of tho repudiated
bonds of Mississippi writes to a correspondent
ju that State, and urges him to go on for the
fceparate independence of that Statu. IJe says
in the Union tho foreign bond holders bavo no
means of enforcing paymout from Mississippi
by thoso nrgurueuts which one independent
State presents sometimes with great effect to
another, Iu the Union they cannot get at her,
hut the moment she declares her independence
this matter is placed iifa very different position.
Sand the may ve made to do justice to her creditors.
Reasons why you should Visit
470 Pennsylvania avenue.
BECAUSE it will cost you nothing.
Decause you cannot spend a few moments
better than In looking over a collection of
good books.
Decause you will receive polite and gentlemanly
Because O. O. Evans takes pleasure In exhibit
ing his goods to persons wishing to pur
chase or not.
Reasons why you should Buy your Books
First. You can get any book you may want.
Second. You can get new aud fresh works di
rectly from the press.
Third. You can get them as cheap a at any
other store at publisher's lowest prices.
Fourth. You are sure to receive a handsome
present with each.
Fifth. You can get more for your money than
at any other pla o In the city.
Sixth. You always receive two presents at the
price of one.
Remember that you pay no more than you
would at any other Establishment, and you have
the advantage of receiving an elegant Present,
which oftentimes is worth an hundred fold more
than the amount paid for the book.
dec 22 lm 47G Pennsylvania avenne.
Tho third Wednesday of Every Month.
DR. SCHENCK, of Philadelphia, finds It Im
possible to visit Washington every week,
and has made arrangements to positively be In
the city the third Wednesday of every month.
lie has a suit of rooms at the Avenue House,
where patients can obtain advice free. He only
charges when it is necessary to make a thorough
examination of the Lnngs with the Itesptrome
ter. 8. II. Waite is acent for Schenck's Pul
monic Syrup, price $1 per bottle, for the euro of
Loughs, Uolus, and Consumption ; bchtncK s oca
Weed Tonle, price St per bottle, for Dyspepsia;
Schenck's .Mandrake Pills, price 25 cents per
box, for Liver Bilious Complaints and Constipa
tion of the Bowels. Dr. Sclienrk would be
gruteful to those who have been cured by his
lemtdies, if they would leave their certificates of
cure with b. U. t.lTh, corner bevenlu street
and Louisiana avenue. dec 21 3m
1HAVE now ready for exhibition and sale my
stock of FDItS, to which I invite the atten
tion of the ladies. I have taken great care in
the selection, and feel assured they are unsur
passed in quality, style, and workmanship. The
assortment consists of all tho most fashionable
Hudson's Bay Sable,
Canada Sable,
Stone Marten,
Royal Ermine,
Russian Fitch,
Siberian Squirrel,
and many other varieties.
FUR of all kinds fur trimming,
A large assortment of CHILDREN'S FURS,
A fine variety nf CARRIAGE RODES."
I solicit a call from the Udics, and every effort
will be made to please.
All Furs sold by their real names, and war
ranted to be as represented.
nov 20 late Todd & Co.
No. 500 Eleventh tlreet, between Ptnnsylvania ave
nue and street.
ALL kinds of Ladies' Garments, Dresses,
Cloaks, Mantelets, Suck Zouave Jackets,
ic, &c, cut and made to order, by every fash
inn plate, in the latest Paris and London styles,
ut the shortest notice. dec 3 3m
Late Examiner in the Patent Office,
Seventh street, corner of F, opposite Patent
Office, Washington, D. C.
DR. BREED prepares Papers aud Drawings,
and atteuds to all business relative lo pro
curing Pateuts in America and In Europe. He
will give especial attention to rejected applications
and other difficult cases. nov 20
Chartered by Congress.
olfrra to the Property Owners of the District tho
cheapest and as safe means' of Insurance against
Loss by Fire, as any other Company, as will ap
dear by nn examination of its principles.
The fact that all of the Insurance Companies
of the District are decluring Urge dividends to
Ibeir stockboldcrs, at once shows the great
profit on their premiums, aud the consequent
Having to persons iusuriug with this Company.
ULYSSES WARD, President.
MATUEW G. EMERY, Treasurer.
Office adjoining (north) the Bank of Wash
ington, nov 20
T HAVE la store large and fat No. 1 MACK-
nov 20
ICE CREAM, Water Ices, Wedding Cakes,
Pound Cakes, Mince Pics, Pastry, Crusts for
Oyster Pies, Jellies, and a general assortment of
nice things in the Confectionery line, at FUS
SELL'S, corner of Tnelfth afid F streets, at the
lowest prices. nov 30 lm
gTs fi "xtu RESJ
rpHOSK who desire to select from new patterns,
X. with the advantage of a reduction in prices,
will call early and examine.
We would also call the attention of persons
about introducing gas into their dwellings to our
increased facilities, and consequent low prices,
lor this branch of our trade. '
Inviting all who desire their work done
promptly, and free from gas leakages, to call at
20U Ptnnsylvania avenue, between Tenth aud
Eleventh streets, south side.
nov 20 J. W. THOMPSON & CO.
Corner Indiana avenue and Second street,
nov 20 Washington, D. O.
Prospectus of the National Republican.
Believing that tho time has arrived when the
great Republican party of the United States ought
to be fnirly represented In the dally press of the
National Metropolis, we have embarked In the
enterprise of supplying the cltliens of the District
of Columbia with a dally publication, under the
title of tho " NiTioNit, KtrosucAN."
In Us political department, this journal will
advocate and defend the principles of the Repub
lican party, and endeavor to disabuse the public
mind ot groundless prejudices which have been
engendered against it, by the false accusations
of its enemies. Having the utmost confidence
that the administration of Mr. Lincoln will be
such as to merit our approbation, we expect to
yield it a cordial, but not a servile support. In
the great issue that is likely to be made with his
administration, by the enemies of the Republican
party, the people of Washington anl the District
ot Columbia have more at stake than the peopl
of any other portion of our common country. We
believe that to support Mr. Lincoln's administra
tion will be synonymous with maintaining the in
tegrity of the Federal Union, against the machin
ations of thoso who would rend It asunder. No
one can doubt upon which side of this issue the
people of Washington will be found, when they
come to realize that It is fairly forced upon them.
We feel confident, therefore, that In yielding to
the administration of Mr. Lincoln a cordial sup
port, We shall have the sympathy of an Immense
majority of the people of this District and vicin
ity. It Is not our design, however, to make the
National Republican a mere political paper. We
Intend, that as a medium of general and local
news, It shall not be inferior to any other Journal
published in this city. Wo shall pay particular
attention to questions of local policy, and advo
cate such reforms as wo may deem essential to
the prosperity of the city, and to the advance
ment of the moral and material welfare of Its
We deem It unnecessary, however, to multi
ply promises, as the paper will Immediately make
its appearance, and will then speak for Itself.
It will be published every morning, and de
livered to city subscribers at six cents per week.
Mall subscribers, $3.50 a year, payable In ad
vance. The publication office Is at the corner of Indi
ana avenue and Second street.
Some Opinions of Mr. Lincoln.
" I say that we must not interfere with the
institution of slavery in the Slates where it ex
ists, because the Constitution forbids it, nnd tho
general welfare does not require us to do so.
Wc must not withhold nn ellicient fugitive slave
law, because the Constitution requires us, as I
understand it, not to withhold such a law. But
we must prevent the outspreading of the in
stitution, because neither the Constitution nor
the general welfare requires us to extend it.
W o mud prevent the revival ot the AIncan
slave trade, and the enacting by Congress of a
Territorial slave code. We must prevent each
of these things being done by cither Congress
or courts. Tho people of the United States are
the rightful masters of both Congresses and
courts not to overthrow the Constitution, but
overthrow the men who pervert the Constitu
tion I" Sjxcch at Cincinnati, Septejnler 18,
" I hold myself under constitutional obliga
tions to allow the peoplo in nil the States, with
out interference, direct or indirect, to do exact
ly as they please; and I deny that I have nny
inclination to interfere with them, even if there
wero no such constitutional obligation. I can
only bay again, that 1 am placed improperly
altogether improperly, in spite of all that I can
say when it is insisted that I entertain any
other views or purposes in regard to that mat
ter (slavery.)" Speech at Joncsborouyh, III.,
Sept. 10, 18J8.
" While it (slavery) drives on in its state of
progress as it is now driving, and as it has
driven for tho last five years, I havo ventured
the opinion, and say to day, that wo will have
no cud to the slavery ugitation until it takes
ono turn or tho other. I do not mean that when
it takes a turn toward ultimate extinction it
will be in a day, nor in a year, nor in two
years. I do not suppose that iu tho most peace
ful way ultimate extinction would occur in less
than a hundred years nt least ; but that it will
occur in the best way for both races, in God's
own good time, I have no doubt." Sjxech at
Charleston, III., Sept. 18, 1858.
" Mr. Douglas's popular sovereignty, ns a
principle, is simply this: If ono man chooses
to make a slave of another, neither that man
nor anybody else has a right to object."
Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1859.
" I have intimated that I thought the agita
tion (of slavery) would not cease until a crisis
should be reached nnd passed. I have stated
in what wuy I have thought it would be reached
and passed. We might, by arresting the fur
ther spread of it, aud placing it where the
fathers originally placed it, put it where the
public mind 'should rest iu the belief that it was
in the course of ultimate extinction. Thus the
agitation may cease. It may bo pushed for
ward until it shall become alike lawful in all
the States, old us well as new, North as well as
South. I entertain the opinion, upon evidence
sutlicicnt to my mind, that tho fathers of this
Government placed that institution where the
public mind did rest in the belief that it was in
the course of ultimate extinction ; and when I
desire to see the further spread of it arrested,!
only say that I desiro to sec that dono which
the lathers have first done. It is not true that
our fathers, as Judge Douglas assumes, made
this Uoveninient part slave and part tree. Un
derstand the sense in which he puts it he as
sumes that slavery is a rightful thing within
itself was introduced by tho framers of the
Constitution. The exact truth is, that they
found the institution existing among us, ana
they left it as they found it. Hut in making
the Government, they left this institution with
many clear marks of disapprobation upon it.
They found slavery among them, nnd they left
it ninone them because of the difficult? the
absolute impossibility of its immediate re
moval." tipeecU ut Alton, Uct. 18, 1858.
' Let me say I have no prejudico against the
Southern people. They aru just what we would
be in their situation. If slavery did not exist
among them they would not introduce it. If
it did now exist among us, we should not in
stantly give it up. This I believe of the masses,
North and South. Doubtless there aro indi
viduals on both sides who would not hold slaves
under nny circumstances; and others who
would L'ladlv introduco slavery onew if it wero
now out ot existence. We know that some
Southern men do free their slaves, go North,
and become tip-lop abolitionists; while some
Northern ones go South, aud become most cruel
slave masters.
" When Suuthern peoplo tell us they are no
more responsible for the origin of slavery than
wo are, 1 acknowledge tho fact. When it is
tnid that the institution exists, and that it is
very diilicult to get rid of it in any satisfactory
way, I can understand and appreciate tho say
ing. I surely will not blame thuui for not do
ing what I should not know how to do myself.
If all earthly power wero given me, I should
not know what to do, ns to the existing institu
tion. My first impulse would he to free all tho
slaves, and send them to Liberia to their own
native land. Hut a moment's reflection would
ic, that whatever of high hopo (as r
i is) there may bo in this, in the long
iddcn execution is impossible. If
think there
run, its sud
thev were nil landed Ihcro in a dnv. thov would
perish in tho next ten days ; and there are not
surplus shipping and surplus money enough in
tho world to carry them thero in many times
ten days. What then ? Free them all, and
keep them among us as underlings 7 Is it qnito
certain that this betters their condition? I
think I would not hold one in slavery at any
rate ; yet tho point is not clear enough to de
nounce peoplo upon. What next ? Free them,
nud make them politically and socially our
equals ? My own feelings will not admit of
this ; and if mino would, we well know that
thoso of the great mass ot white people will not.
Whether this feeling accords with justice and
sound judgment, is not tho solo question, if,
indeed, it is any part of it. A universal feel
ing, whether well or ill founded, cannot bo
safely disregarded. Wo cannot, then, make
them equals. It docs teem to me that sys
tems of gradual emancipation might be adopt
ed ; but fur that tardiness in this respect, 1
will not undertake to judgoour brethren of the
" When they remind us of their constitutional
rights, I acknowledge them, not grudgingly,
but fully nnd fairly ; and I would give them
any legislation for the reclaiming of their fugi
tives, which should not, in its stringency, be
more likely to carry a i'reo man into slavery
that our ordinary criminal laws are to hang an
innocent one." Speech at Ottoica, III., Aug.
" Has anything ever threatened the existence
of this Union, save and except this very institu
tion of slavery? What is it that wo hold most
dear amongst us? Our own liberty and pros
perity. What has ever threatened our liberty
and prosperity, save and except this institution
of slavery? If this is true, how do you propose
to improve tho condition of things by enlarging
slavery by spreading it out, and making it
bigger ?
" You may have n wen or cancer on your
person, and not bo nblo to cut it out, lest you
bleed to death ; but surely it is no way to cure
it to engraft it, and sprend it over your whole
body. That is no proper way of treating what
vou regard as a wrong." Speech at Alton, Oct,
15, 1858.
" I supposo most of us (I know it of myself)
believe that the people of tho Southern States
arc entitled to a Congressional fugitive slave
law. As. tho right is constitutional, I agree
that the legislation shall be granted to it, nnd
that not that we like the ins'itution of slavery.
We profess to have no tasto for running and
catching negroes; nt least, I profess no taste
for that job ut nil. Why, then, do I yield sup
port to a fugitive slave law? Because I do not
understand that tho Constitution, which guar
anties that right, can bo supported without
it." Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 858.
"The real issuoin this controversy the qnc
pressing upon every mind is the sentiment on
the part ot oue class that looks upon the insti
tution of slavery ns a wrong, nud of anothei
class that does not look upon it as a wrong.
The sentiment that contemplates the institution
of slavery in this country as a wrong, is the
sentiment of tho Republican party. 1 hey look
upon it us being a moral, social, and political
wrong; and while they contemplate it os such,
they nevertheless have due regard for its actual
existence among us, and the difficulties of get
ling ridpf it in any satisfactory way, and to all
the constitutional obligations thrown lihout it.
Yet having u duo regard for these, they desire
a policy in regard to it that looks lo its not cre
ating any more danger. They insist that it
should, as far as may be, be treated as a wrong ;
and ono of the methods of treating it ns a
wrong is to make provision that it shall grow
no larger. If there be a man among us who
docs not think that the institution of slavery is
wrong in any of the aspects of which I have
spoken, he is misplaced, nnd ought not to be
with us. And if there be a man amongst us
who is so impatient of it as a wrorlg as to dis
regard its actual presence among ns, and the
dilliculty of getting rid of it suddenly in a sat
isfactory way. and to disregard the constitu
tional obligations thrown about it, that man is
misplaced if ho is on our platform." Speech at
Alton, Oct. 15, 1858.
" Wc tho Republicans, and others, forming
the opposition of the country, intend to ' stand
by our guns,' to be patient and firm, and in the
long run to beat you. When we do beat you,
you perhaps want to know what we will do
with you. I will tell you, so far as I am au
thorized to speak for tho opposition, what wc
mean to do with you. Wc mean to treat you,
us nearly as we possibly can, as Washington,
Jefferson, and Madison, treated you. Wo mean
to leave you alone, and in no way interfere
with your institution ; to abide by every com
promise of the Constitution ; ami, in a word,
coming back to the original proposition, to
treat you as far as degenerated men (if we have
degenerated) may, according to the examples
of those noblo fathers Washington, Jefferson,
and Madison. We mean to remember that you
uru as good as wc are ; that thero is no dif
ference between us, other than the difference
of circumstances. We mean to recogniso nnd
bear in mind, always, that youjiavo as good
hearts in your bosoms as other people, or as
we claim to have, and to treat ou" accord
ingly. Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 185'J.
Resolved, That we, tho Democracy of the
Union, in Convention assembled, hereby de
clare our ntlirmancc of the resolutions unani
mously adopted nud declared as a platform of
principles by tho Democratic Convention at
Cinciuiiati, in tho year 185G, believing that
Democratic principles are unchangeable iu
their nature, when applied to the Bauie subject
matter; and we recommend as the only further
resolutions the following :
Unsolved, That it is tho duty of the United
States to afford ample and complete protection
to all its citizens, whether at home or abroad,
and whether native or foreign.
Resolved, That ono of the necessities of the
age, in u military, commercial, und postal
point of view, i3 speedy communication be
tween the Atlantic and Pacific States; and
the Democratic party pledge such constitution
al government aid as will insure the construc
tion of a railroad to tho Pacific coast at the
earliest practicable period.
Resolved, That the Democratic nartv aro iu
favor of the acquisition of the island of Cuba,
on such terms as shall he honorable to our
selves and just to Spain.
Resolved, That the enactment of State Leg
islatures to defeat tho faithful execution of the
fugitive slave law are hostile in chnracter, sub
versive of the Constitution, and revolutionary
in their effect.
Resolved, That in accordance with the in
terpretation of tho Cincinnati platform, that,
during the existence of tho Territorial Govern
ments, the measure of restriction, whatever it
may be, imposed by the Federal Constitution
on the power of tho Territorial Legislature
over the subject of the domestic relations, ns
the same has been, or shall hereafter be, finally
determined by the Supreme Court of the Uni
ted States, should be respectod by all good
citizens, and enforced with promptness nud
fidelity by every branch of tho General Government.
convinco me.
Resolved, That we, the delegated representa
tives of the Republican Electors of tbe United
States, In Convention assembled, In dischsrge
of the duty we owe to our constituents and our
country, unite In the following declarations :
Pint. That the history of the nation during
the last four years has fully established the pro
priety and necessity of tho organization and per
petuation of lhtRepubllcan party, and that the
causes which called It Into existence aro perma
nent in their nature, and now, more than ever
before, demand its peaceful and constitutional
Second. That the maintenance of tho prlnclnles
promulgated In the Declaration of Independence,
and embodied In the Federal Constitution, "that
all men are created equal ; that they are endowed
by their Creator with certain unalienable rights;
that among theso are life, liberty, and the pur
suit of happiness that to secure these rights,
Governments are Instituted among men, deriving
their just powers from the consent of the governed,"
Is essential to the preservation of our republican
Institutions; nnd that the Federal Constitution,
the rights of the States, and the Union of the
States, must and shall be preserved.
Third. That to the Union of the States this
nation owes its unprecedented increase In popu
lation ; its Surprising development of material
resources ; its rapid augmentation of wealth ;
Its happiness at home and Its honor abroad; and
we hold In abhorrence all schemes for disunion,
come from whatever source they may; and we
congratulate the country that-no Republican
member of Congress has uttered or countenanced
a threat of disunion, so often made by Demo
cratic members without rebuke and with ap
plause from their political associates ; and we
tienounco those threats of disunion, in case of
a popular overthrow of "their ascendency, as de
nying the vital principles of a free Government,
amLis an avowal of contemplated treason, which
It is tbe imperative duty of an Indignant people
sternly to rebuke, and forever silence.
Fourth. That the maintenance inviolate of
the rights of the States, and especially the right
of each State to order and control its own do
mestic institutions, according to its own judg
ment exclusively, is essential to that balance of
power on which the perfection and endurance of
our political fabric depends; and we denounce
the lawless invasion by armed force of the soil
of any State or Territory, no matter under what
pretext, as among the gravest of crimes.
Fifth. That the present Democratic Adminis
tration has fur exceeded our worst apprehensions
in its measureless subserviency to the exactions
of a sectional interest, us especially evidenced
In its desperate exertions to force the infamous
Lecompton Constitution upon the protesting peo
ple of Kansas in construing the personal rela
tion between master and servant to involvo an
unqualified property in persons in its attempted
enforcement every where,on land and sea, through
the intervention of Congress and of the Federal
courts, of the extreme pretensions of a purely lo
cal Interest, and in Its general and unvarying abuse
of the power Intrusted to it by a confiding people.
Sixth. That the people Justly view wltnTalarm
the reckless extravagance which pervades every
department of the Federal Government; that a
return to rigid economy and accountability is In
dispensable to arrest the systematic plunder of the
public Treasury by favored partisans ; while the
recent startling developments of frauds and cor
ruptions at the Federal metropolis show that an
entire change of Administration is imperatively
Seventh. That the new dogma that the Consti
tution of Its own force carries slavery Into any
or all of the Territories of tbe United States, is a
dangerous political heresy, at variance with the
explicit provisions of that instrument itself, with
cotemporaneous exposition, and with legislative
and judicial precedent; is revolutionary In its
tendency, and subversive of the peace and har
mony of tho country.
Eighth. That the normal condition of all the
territory of the United States is that of Freedom ;
that as our republican fathers, when they had
abolished slavery in all our national territory,
ordained that "no person should be deprived of
life, liberty, or property, without due process of
law," It becomes our duty, by legislation, when
ever such legislation is necessary, to maintain
this provision ot the uonstltutton against all at
tempts to violate it; and we deny the authority
of Congress, of a Territorial Legislature, or of
any individuals, to give legal existence to sla
very in any Territory of tbe United States.
Ninth. That we brand the recent reopening of
the African slave trade, under the cover of our
national flag, aided by perversions of judicial
power, as a crimeagalnst humanlty,and a burning
shame to our country and age ; and we call upou
Congress to take prompt and efficient measures
for the total and final suppression of that exe
crable traffic.
Tenth. That In the recent vetoes by their Fed
eral Governors of the acts of the Legislatures
of Kansas and Nebraska, prohibiting slavery in
those Territories, we find a practical illustration
of the boasted Democratic principle of non-intervention
and popular sovereignty embodied in
the Kansas-Nebraska bill, and a demonstration
of the deception and fraud involved therein.
Eleventh. That Kansas should of right be im
mediately admitted ns a State under the Consti
tution recently formed and adopted by her people,
and accepted by the Houseof Representatives.
Txeeljlh. That while providing revenue for the
support of the General Government by duties
upon Imports, sound policy requires such an ad
justment of these Imposts as to encourage the de
velopment of tho Industrial interests of the whMe
country ; and we commend that policy of nation
al exchanges, which secures to the working men
liberal wages, to agriculture remunerating prices,
lo mechanics and manufacturers an adequate
reward for their skill, labor, and enterprise, and
to the nation commercial prosperity and inde
pendence. Thirteenth. That we protest against any sale
or alienation to others of the public lands held
by actual settlers, aud against any view of the
free homestead policy which regards the settlers
as paupers or supplicants for public bounty ; aud
we demand tbe passage by Congress of the com
plete and satisfactory homestead measure which
has already passed the House.
Fourteenth, That tbe Republican party Is op
posed to any change in our naturalization laws,
or any State legislation by wbich the rights of
citizenship hitherto accorded to Immigrants from
forelirn lands shall be abridged or impaired : and
In favor of giving a full aud efficient protection
to the rights of all classes ol citizens, whether
nr'tve or naturalized, both at home and abroad.
Fif'.etrlh That appropriations by Congress
for river and harbor improvements of a nation
al character, required for the accommodation
and security of an enisling commerce, are author
ized by tbe Constitution and justified by an ob
ligation of the Government to protect the lives
uud property of Us citizens.
Sixteenth. That a railroad to the Pacific Ocean
is imperatively demanded by the interests of the
whole country; that tho Federal Government
ought to render immediate and efficient aid in
Its construction ; and that, as preliminary thereto,
a dally overland mail should be promptly es
tablished. Seventeenth, Finally, having thus set forth our
distinctive principles and views, we invito the
co-operation of all citizens, however differing on
other questions, who substantially agree with us,
In their afiirmanco and support.
TION. orncEits.
B. B. Frenih, President
J. J. Coombs, First Vice President.
Martin Buell, Second Vice President.
Lewis Clephane, Secretary,
Woodford Stone, Treasurer.
John Illnes, G. H. Plant, Job W. Angus, J.
F. Hodgson, James Lynch, G It. Wilson,
and Henry M. Knight, Executive Committee.
Meets nt the Wigwam, comer of Indiana
avenue and Second street, every Thursday
W. Krzyzanowski, President-
Dr. Bricgleb, First Vice President.
G. Dilli, Second Vice President.
Joseph Gerhard, Secretary.
John Lerch, Treasurer.
Meets at Gerhard's Germauin, every Tues
day night, at eight o'clock,
S. A. McKim, President.
George A. Bnssett, First Vice President.
George 11. Ruff, Second Vice President.
Charles Sleigh, Recording Secretary.
J. L. Uenshaw, Corresponding Secretary.
William Dixon, Financial Secretary.
John Grinder, Treasurer.
Meets on the first and third Tuesdays of eve
ry month, at Odd Fellows' Hall, Navy Yard.
J. J. Coombs, President.
G. A. Hall, First Vice President,
A. Duval!, Second Vice President.
J. C. Clary, Secretary.
Martiu Buell, Treasurer. '
Theodore Wheeler, President.
Edward Lycctt, First Vice President.
A. Edson, S cond Vico Prtsident.
William J. Murtagh, Secretary.
William Uendley, Treasurer.
J. R. Elvans, J. Dillon, G. W. Garrett, Wil
liam Martin, G. H. Larcombe,and G. B. Clark,
Executive Committee
Meets at Inland Hall, (third story,) corner
of Virginia avenue and Sixth street, every
Wednesday evening, at half past seven o'clock.
John S. Paxtou, President.
W. W". McNeir, First Vico President.
J. W. Deeble, Second Vice President.
II. G. Divine, Cor. and Rec. Secretary.
Jesse Chick, Treasurer.
Lewis Clephane, President.
George H. Plant, Vico President.
A. C. Richards, Secretary.
Henry M. Knight, Captain.
M. Smith, First Lieutenant.
H. M. Downer, Second Lieutenant.
Meets at the Wigwam every Monday even
Fresh Fruits and Vegetable.
Green Corn, Green Beans,
Green Tomatoes, Fresh Peaches,
Brandy Peaches, Lima Beans,
French Peas, Asparagus,
Mushrooms, Capers and Olives,
Olives Stuffed in Oil. Spanish do.
New Raisins, Almonds,
Dates, Prunes, Figs, &c.
For sale low by
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