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RATES OF "ADVERTISm6r One square, three dayi $1 00 One square, four days 1.23 One square, five days 1.50 One suare, six days........ .J.75 One square, two weeks , ,....., 2.75 One square, three weeks..-, t '..J, fpO One square, one month ., 4 00 One square, three months ,10.00 One square, six months 16 00 One square, one year .. 30.00 Every other day and once a week advertise . menu, fifty per cent, advance on the above. Inserted as reading matter, ten cents a line. Church and other notices, aud wants, twenty five ctnts for each Insertion. Ten lines or less constitute a square. THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN IS PUBLISHED STBEY HOBKIITO, (bdkdats excii-ted,) On Seventh street, near K, opposite tbe General Ft Office, by " LEWIS GLEPHANE CO. TERMS. To city subscribers, six cent per week, paya ble to the carriers. To mail subscribers, tbre dollars and fifty cents per annum, payablo (n advance. .' wmxm Vol. I. WASHINGTON, D. 0., MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1860. No. 29. i V PRICE ONE CENT. WHEN I MEAN TO MARUV. bt joiin'o. S1XI. When do I mean to marry ? Well Til idle to dispute with fate; But if you choose to hear me tell, Pray listen while I fix the date: When daughters baste, with eager feet, A mother's dally toll to share ; Can make the puddings which they eat, And mend the stockings which they wear ; e When maidens look upon a man As In himself what they would marry, And not as army-soldiers lean A sutler or a commissary ; When gentle ladles who hare got The offer of a lover's band, Consent to (hare his " earthly lot," And do not mean his lot of land ; When young mechanics are allowed To find and wed the farmers' girls Who don't expect to bo endowed With rubles, diamonds, and pearls ; When wires, in short, shall freely glre Their hearts and bands to aid their spouses, And lire as they were wont to lire Within thetr sires' one-story houses ; Then, madam If I'm not loo old Rejoiced to quit this lonely life, I'll brush my bearer, cease to scold, And look about me for a wtfel A HINT TO LADY RAILWAY TRAVEL LERS.. The following anecdote details a frolic, which those who understand more than one language, and are full of mischief, often have on opportunity of indulging in, in a railway carriage. Not many months since, a young Parisian, travelling in Germany, took the road from Strasburg to Berlin. In the carriage be se lected were four other persons, two mammas and two daughters. The two mothers wero face to face in one corner, the young man took the opposite, and found himself face to face with the young ladies. The Parisian put on a distraught and absent air. The collector came to demand the tickets. The young man paid no attention at all, when the request was many times repeated. Roused at last from his reverie in presence of the young ladies, he lad recourse to a ruse, to avoid exciting ridi cule. "What are yon saying; T" said ho; "why do you not speak French?" The col lector then explained by signs, the ticket was examined, and the young man returned to his reverie ; but not to enjoy it long, for this time the young ladies aroused him. They began iu full voice: " This young man is a very handsome one," eaid one. " Hist, Bertha I" said the other, with a sort of affright. " Why, he don't know a word of German," said Bertha. " We can talk freely. What do you think of him ? " " Only ordinary," was the reply. "You are difficult to please. He has a charming figure and a genteel air." t Fin is tnn nnlp. ami. bplidell. VIM know T , ... , ...... ..-, j men." " And you know I prefer dark to fair. We have nothing but fair faces in Germany. It is monotonous and commonplace." " You forget that you are blonde." " Oh, for a woman it is different. He has nice moustaches.' " Bertha, if your mother should hear you I " " She is busy with her talk to your mother : besides, it is no harm to speak of moustaches." " I prefer the light moustaches of Albert." " I understand that Albert is espoused to you ; but I, who am without a lover, am free to express my opinions, and as free to say that this young man bas beautiful eyes." " They have no expression, returned Ber tha. " You do not know. I am sure he has much spirit, and it is a pity he does not speak Ger man : he would chat with us." " Would you marry a Frenchman ? " asked Bertha. " Why not, if he looks like this one, and was spirited, well-born, and amiable ? But I can hardly keep from laughing. See, he doesn't mistrust what we are saying." The youn traveller was endowed with a great power of sell-control, and he bad preserved his absent and inattentive air all the time ; and, while the dialogue continued, he thought what curious results his attempt to avert a laugh by pretending not to know German had brought about. Ho looked carefully at Bertha, and his resolution was taken. At the next station, the collector came again for the tickets. Our young man, with extra elaboration and in excellent German, said " Ah, you want my ticket. Very well let me see; I believe it is in my porle monnaie. Oh, yes, here it is." The effect was startling. Bertha nearly faint ed away, but soon recovered under the polite anoloiries of the vounv Frenchman. Tliev were pleased with each other, and in a few weeks iierlba ratitied her good opinion of tho young man, and her willingness to wed a Frenchman. They are now living at Hamburg. Decidcdlr tho best thine of the season is tho the publication of Congressional proceedings, by Charleston Mercury, under the head of "For eign News." It argues well of the leading spirits of that spunky little kingdom, that they remem ber their " little joke " in such an emergency. We may soon see announced in tho Mercury (the Court Journal) the departure of Lord Ham mond for the Court of St. James, Sir Lawrence Keitt for St. Petershurgh, and of l'riuco Rhett for the Tuilleries. The Chicago Tribune says that a wandering disunionist from Yazoo, Mississippi, with a cockade on his hat visited Mr. Lincoln at his room on Wednesday of last week, and was courteously received. His cockade was the cause of much excitement in Springfield ; but beyond a few pointed questions addressed to him, he was not made aware of the attention he provoked. Organization of the Departments. STATS DEPARTMENT. The whole machinery employed to conduct the business arising out of ur foreign relations with all the Powers of the world Is far more simple tban Is generally conceived. The number em ployed In the Department of State of the United Stales Is only twenty-elght,as follows: One Sec retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant Secretary of State, (Hod. John Appleton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Dipknatic Branch. This branch of the State Department has charge of all correspondence between the Denirtment and other diplomatic agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of foreign Powers accredited to this Government. In It all diplomatic Instructions sent from the Department, and communications to commission ers under treaties of boundaries, &c, are pre pared, copied, aud recorded; and all of like char acter received are registered and filed, their con tents being first entered in an analytlo table or Index. Contular Branch. This branch has charge of the correspondence, 4c, between tbe Department and the coniuls and commercial agents of the United States. In It Instructions to ttioic officers, and answers to their dispatches and to letters rom other persons asking for consular agency, or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and recorded. Tit Disbursing Agent He has charge of all correspondence and other matters connected with accounts relating to any fund with the disburse ment of which the Department is charged. The Tramlator. Ills duties are to furnish such translations as the Department may require, lie also records the commissions of consuls and vice consuls, when not In English, upon which exe quaturs are Issued. Cleric Appointments and Commissions. He makes out and records commissions, letters of appointment, and nominations to the Senate ; makes out and records exequaturs, and tecords, when in English, tbe commissions on which they are Issued. Has charge of the library. Clerk oflheRolU and Archives He takes charge of tbo rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of 0 jngress, as lliey are received at the Department from tho President; prepares tbe authenticated copies thereof which a-e called fir; prepares for, and superintends their publication, and that of treaties, in the newspapers and in book form; attends to their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all document and pub lications in regtrd to which this duty Is assigned to tbe I epartment; writing and answering all letters connected therewith. Has charge of all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. Clerk of Territorial BmineaTht Seal of the Department, $c. He has charge of thoseals of the United States and of tbe Department, and prepares and att'Cbes certificates to papers pre sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea men ; records all letters from the Department, other than the diplomatic and consular. C erk of Pardon) and Passports He prepares and records pardons and remissions ; and regis ters and files tbe petitions and papers on which they are founded. Makes out and records pass ports ; keeps a dally register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, and of the disposition made of them ; prepares letters relating to tnts business. Superintendent of Statistics. lie superintends the preparation of the " Annual Report of tbe 'Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as required by the acts of 1842 and 1850. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE. Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of the United States ; A. D. McCalmont, Esq., Assist ant. The ordinary business of this offico may be classified under the following heads: 1. Official opinions on the current business of the Government, as called for by the President, by any head Of Department, or by the Solicitor of the Treasury. 2 Examination of the titles of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States. 3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con viction in the courts of tbe United Stales. 4. Applications tor appointment in all the ju dicial and legal business of tbe Government. 6. The conduct and argument of all suits In the Supreme Court of tbe United States In which the Government Is concerned. 0 The supervision of all other suits arising In any of tbe Departments, when referred by the bead thereof to the Attorney General. To these ordinary beads of the business of the office Is added at the present time the direction of all appeals on land claims in California. INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. Secretary or the Department of tbe Interior, Hon Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief Clerk, (Moses Kelly.Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks, and ten other regular Clerks ; and to lis super vision and management are commltud tbe fol lowing branches of the public si rvlce : lt. The Public Lands. the chief of this bu reau Is called the Commissioner of the Ueneral Land Office. The Land Dur.au Is charged with the surtey, management, and salo of tbe public domain, and the Issuing of titles theref jr, whether derived from confirmations of grants made ,by former Governmeuts, by sales, donations, of grants for schools, military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise tbe revision of Vir ginia military bounty-land claims, and the Issu ing of scrip in 1 eu thereof. The Land Office, also, audits its own accounts. Tbe present Com missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also acts as Commissioner ail interim, Principal Clerk of Surreys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant Draughtsman, aud some 190 Clerks of various grades. 2d. Pensions. Tbe present head of this bureau is George O. Wbltlng, or Virginia. Tbe Com missioner is charged w th tho examlnat'on and adjudication of all claims arising under the va rious and numeroui laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions for tbe mili tary or naval services in the revolutionary and ubsequent wars In which the United Stales have been engaged. He bas one Chief Clerk, (John Robb, Esq.,) and a permanent corps, consisting of some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indian). Commissioner of Indian Affairs, A. I). Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided with a Chief 0 erk, and about fifteen other sub ordinate Clerks. 4th. Patent Office. Man. Philip F. Thomas, of Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this bureau is committed tbe execution and perform ance of all " aits and things touching and re specting the granting and issuing of patents for new and useful discoveries, inventions, and im provements;" the collection of statistics rela ting to agriculture; the collection and distribu tion of seeds, plants, and ruttings. It has a Chief Clerk who Is by law the acting Commis sioner of Patents In the absence of tbe Commis sionertwelve principal and twelve assistant Examiners of Patents, somo doten subordinate permanent Clerks, besides a consld rable num ber of temporary employees. Samuel T. Shu gert, Esq., Chief Clerk. An act passed at the last session of Congress provided that all books, maps, charts, and other publications, heretofore deposited in tbe De partment of State, according to the laws regula tes copyrights, should be removed to tho De partment of tbe Interior, which Is charged with all the duties connected with matters pertaining to copyright; which duties have been assigned by the Secretary of tbe Interior to the Patent Of fice, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of the service. Beiid'S these four principal branches of this new Executive Department, the organic act of 1849 transferred to it from the Treasury Depart ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and the Clerks of tbe United States Courts, the manage ment of tbe lead and other mines of the United- States, aid the affairs of the penitentiary of the United States in the District of Columbia ; and from the State Department tbe duty of taking and returning the censuses of the Unl ed States, and of supervising and directing the acts of the Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi tal for the Insane of tbe orniy and nary and of the District of Columbia is also under the man agement of ibis Department; in addition to which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of the Interior Is cbarp d with the construction of the threo wagon roads leading to tbe Pacific coast. Under act of February o. 1859. "providing for keeping and dis'ributlog all public documents, all the books, documents, &c, printed or pur chased by tbe Government," tbe Annals of Con gress, American State Papers, American Ar ch ves, Jefferson's nd Adams's Works, are transferred to this Department from the fctue Department, Librury of Congress, and elsewhere; also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty fifth Congress. These valuable vorks are dis tributed to those rho are by law entitled to re ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libe ries, athenaeums, literary and scientific institu tions, boards of trade, or public essoclations," as shall be designated by the members of Con gress. Tbo Department requires nn additional build ing for Its accommodation, nnd the erection of one has been repeatedly recommended during the last few years for that purpose. At present, the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what is known as " Winder's Building," while the other branches f tbe Diparlment, including the Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent Office building, tbo wLole of which will be re quired at an early day tor the use of tbe Patent Office, for which it was originally intended. TBEASURY DEPARTMENT. The Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au ditors, Treasurer) Register, Solicitor, Light-house Board, and Coast Surrey. The following; is a brief indication of the duties of these several offices, and of the force employed therein, respectively : Secretary's Office. Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one Architect, aud three Draughtsmen temporarily employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre tary of the Treasury Is charged with tbe general supervision of the fiscal transactions of tho Gov ernment, and of the execution of tbe laws con cerning the commerce and navigation of tbe United States. He superintends the survey of me coast, tne 1 gut-house estantisnmeni, me ma rine hospitals of the United States, and the con struction of certain public buildings for custom bouses and other purposes. First Comptroller'! Offic. Hon. William Me dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac counts .for tbe civil and diplomatic service, as well as the public lands, and revises and certifies tbe balances arising thereon. Second Complrtller's Office. J. M. Cutis, Esq., Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of the public service, and revtses and cer tines tne balances arising thereon. Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel L Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks. lie prescribes tbe mode ol Keeping and rendering the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis bursements, aad for the building and repairing custom-houses, Ac, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Pint Auditor'e Office. Tbomas L. Smith, Esq., First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks, He receives and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expend, lturos on account of the civil list, and under private acts of Congress, and reports the balances to tbe Commissioner of the Customs and the First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision thereon. Second Auditor' i Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller, Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac counts relating to the Indian department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinson, Esq., Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist ence of the army, fortifications, Military Acad emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising from military services previous to 1616, and for ho ses and other property lost In the military service, under various acts of Congress, and re ports the balances to tbe Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Fourth Auditor'i Office. A. J, O'Bannon, Esq., Fourth Auditor, and"siileen Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for tbe service of tbe Navy Department, and reports the balances to tbe Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Ffth Auditor'i Office. Bartholomew Fuller, Esq., Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic and similar services performed under the direc tion of the State Department, and reports the balances to tbe First Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Suth Auditor'! Office. Di. Thomas M. Tale, Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office De partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks, lie receives and adjusts nil accounts arising from tbe service of the Post Office Department. His decisions are final, unless nn appeal be taken in twelve months to the First Comptroller. He superintends the collection of all debts due the Post Office Department, and all penalties and forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mail con tractors for failing to do their duty ; he directs suits and legal proceedings, civil and criminal, and takes all such measures as may be author ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of moneys due to the Department; Instructing Uni ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all matters relating thereto; and receives returns from each term of the United States courts, of the condition and progress of such suits and legal proceedings: has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States in pay ment of debts due the Post Office Department, and baa power to sell and dispose of the same for the benefit of the United States. Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps the moneys of the United States in his own office, and that of the depositories created by the act of the 6th of August, 184G, and pays out the same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp troller, and upon warrants drawn by tbe Post master General, and countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also holds public moneys advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon thetr checks. Pegitter'i Office. FInley Bigger, Esq., Register, and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tbe accounts of public receipts and expenditures ; receives the returns and makes out tbe official statement of commerce and navigation of the United States ; and receives from the First Comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers decided by them, and is charged by law with their safe keeping. Solicitor' eOffice. Hon. Junius Hlllyer, Solicitor, and six Cletks. He superintends all civil suits commenced by the United States, (except those anting in Ike Poet Office Department,) and instructs the United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, in all matters relating to them and their results. He receives returns' from each term of the United States courts, showing tbe progress and condition of such suits ; has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States in payment of debts, (except thote auigned in payment of debit due the Pott Office Department,) and has power to sell nnd dispose of the same for the benefit orHhe United States. Liyhl-IIouse Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasury, ez-officio President; Com. W. B. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman; Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Nary; .Major A. ii. uowman, uorps ot Engineers, uni ted Statrs Army : Cant. A. A. Humphreys, Corns Topographical Engineers, United Stales Army ; I'roi. Joseph Henry, secretary ot tne omiin sonlan Institution ; Prof. A. 1). Bnchc, Super intendent of the Coast Surrey ; Commander Ra phael Semmes, United States Nary, and Captain W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, members, the last two being also Secretaries : and five Clerks. This board directs the building and repairing of light houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of the establishment. United Statee Coatt Survey. Professor A. D. Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. Oapt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the Coast Survey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Army, Assistant. Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Curs. A. Schott, in charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal division. Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army, In charge of drawing division. Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en graving division. Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, In charge of miscellaneous divisions. Samuel Hein, Disbursing Agent. George Mathiot, Electrotypist. Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights and .Measures. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The direction and management of the Post Office De partment are assigned by the Constitution and laws to tbe Postmaster General. That Its busi ness may be the more conveniently arranged and prepared for his final action, It Is distributed among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap pointment Office, in charge of tbe First Assistant Postmaster General; the Contract Office, in charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, in chargo of the Third Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec tion umce, in charge ot tne unlet uierK. Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First Assistant Postmaster General, nnd nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions which relate to the establishment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and names, appointment and removal of postmasters and route and local agents, as also the giving of Instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are furnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balauces by this bureau, which is charged also with providing blanks and stationery for the use of the Department, and with the superin tendence of the several agencies established for supplying postmasters with blanks. To this bureau Is likewise assigned the supervision of the ocean mall steamship lines, and of the foreign and international postal arrangements. Contract Office. William II. Dundas, Esq, Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six clerks. To this office is assigned the business of arranging the mail service of the United States, and placing tbe same under con tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, nnd times of departures and arri vals on all tbo routes ; the course of the mall betwecji tbe different sections of tbe country, tbe points of mall distribution, and tbe regula tions for the government of the domestic mall service of the United States. It prepares the advertisements for mail proposals, receives the bids, and takes charge of tbe annual and occa sional mall lettlngs, and the adjustment and exe cution of the contracts. All applications for tbe establishment or alteration of mail arrange ments, and tbo appointment of Mail Messengers, should be sent to this office. All claims should be submitted to it for transportation service not under contract, as the recognition of said service Is first to he obtained through the Contract Office, as a necessary authority for tbe proper credits at tbe Auditor's Office. From this office all postmasters at the euds of routes receive the statement of mall arrangements prescribed lor the respective routes. It reports weekly to the Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders afiectlng accounts for malt transportation ; pre pares the statistical exhibits of the mall service, and the reports of the mail lettlngs, giving a statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts made, the new service originated, the curtail ments ordered, and the additional allowances granted within the year. Finance Office. A. N. Zcvely, Esq., Third As sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management of the financial business of the Department, not devolved by law upon tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with tbe draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the Issuing of warrants and drafts inpayment of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to mall contractors and other persons, the supervis ion of the accounts of offices under orders to deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'ed points, and the superintendence of the rendition by postmasters of their quarterly returns of postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter Office, of the issuing of postage stamps and stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post age, and of the accounts connected therewith. To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all postmasters should direct their quarterly returns of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly tbe net proceeds of tbelr offices; and those at depositing offices, their cer tificates of deposit ; to him should also be di rected tbe weekly and monthly returns of the depositaries of the Department, as well as all applications and receipts for postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Intpeclion Office. Beni. N. Cement), Esq., Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office Is assigned the duty of receiving and examining the registers of the arrivals and departures of the mails, certlficttes o the service of route agents, and reports cf malU failures ; of noting the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing cases thereon for tbe action of tbe Postmaster General; furnishing blanks fcr mail registers, and reports of mill failures; providing and sending out mall bags ani mail locks and keys, and doing all other things which may be neces sary to secure a filthlut and exact performance of all mall contracts. All cases of m-ill depredation, of violation of law by private expresses, or by tbe forging or illegal use of postage stam s, are under the su pervision of this office, and should he reported to it. All communications respecting lost money, letters, mall depredations, or other violations ef law, or mail locks and keys, should be directed, "Chief Clerk, Post Office Department" All registers of the arrivals and departures of the mails, certificates of the service of route agents, re. oris of mail failures, applications for blank registers, and reports of failures, and all complaints against contractors for Irregular or Imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection Office, Post Office Department." NAVY DEPARTMENT. The Navy Department consists of the Navy Department proper, being the office of the Sec retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, viz : Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Buresu of Ordnance and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Tbe following Is a statement of the duties of each of these offices, and of the force employed therein: Secrclary'i Office. lion. Isaac Touccy, Secre tary of tbe Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq., Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary of the Navy has charge of everything connected with the naval establishment, and the execution of all laws relating thereto is intrusted to him, under tbe general direction of the President ot tbe United States, who, by tbe Constitution, is Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy. All Instructions to commanders of squadrons and commanders of vessels, all orders of officers, commissions of officers both in tbe navy and marine corps, appointments of connnlisiond and warrant officers, orders for the enlittment and discharge of seamen, emanate from tbe Sec retary's Office. All the dutlei of tbe different bureaus are perform d under tbe authority of tbe Secretary, and their orders are considered as emanating from blm. The general superin tendence ot the marine corps formt also a part of tbe duties of the Secret try, and all the orders of the commandant of that corps sb uld be ap proved by him. Bureau of Navy Yardt and Dodt. Commo dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four Clerks,one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman. All tbe navy yards, docks, and wharves, build ings and machinery in navy yards, and every thing Immediately connected with tbem, are under the superintendence of this bureau. It is also charged with the management of tbe Naval Asylum. Bureau of Conttruclion, Equipment, and Be pair. John Lentball, Esq., Chief of the Bureau, eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The cilice of the Englncer-ln-cblef of the Navy, Samuel Archbold, Esq., is attached to this bureau, who Is assisted by three assistant engineers. This bureau has charge of the building and repairs of all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the providing of all vessels with their equipments, as sails, anchors, water tanks, &c. The Engl-ncer-in-chlef superintends the construction of all marine steam englne-i for the navy, and, with tbe approval of tbe Secretary, decides upon plans for their construction. Bureau of Provitiont and Clothing. H. Brldgo, Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for tbe use of the navy, and clothing, together with the making of contracts for furnishing the same, como under the charge of this bureau. Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt. Duncan Ingraham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks, and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge of all ordnance and ordnance stores, tbe manu facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder, shot, shells, &c, and tbe equipment of vessels of war, with everything connected therewith. It also provides them with mans, charts, chronom eters, barometers, &c, together with such books as are furnished ships of war. "The United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, are also under the general super intendence of tbe Chief of this Bureau. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. William Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United States Nary, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos- Kltals, comes wllhlu the superintendence of this ureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R. Drlnknrd, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes sengers, and one Laborer. Tbe following bu reaus are attached to this Department. Commanding Generate Office. This office, at the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott, is at New York. Adjutant QencraTt Office. Col. Samuel Coop er, Adjutant Genets!. Assistants Major E. D. Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo cate, Major John F. Lee; ten Clerks and one Messenger. In this office are kept all the records which refer to the personnel of the armyj the rolls, Ac. It is here that all military commis sions are made out. Quartermaster Generate Office. Brevet Major General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. tj. Sibley, Brevet. Major H. 0. Wayne, and Brevet Majcrr J. Btlger eleven Clerks and one Messenger. Paymatter Generalj3ffice.Col. B. F. Lamed, Paymaster General, Ltent. Col. T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes senger. Committary Generate Office. General George Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt. A. E. Sbiras; six Clerks and one Messenger. Surgeon Generate Office. Gen. Thomas Law son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. C.Wood; three Clerks and one Messenger. Engineer Offile.Otn. Joseph G. Totten, Chief Engineer ; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; fire Clerks nnd one Messenger. Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. G. Wood ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger. Ordnance Bureau. Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna dier; eight Clerks and one Messenger. AT FRANCIS'S HOUSE-FURNISHING STOEE, 490 Seventh ttrcet, OU can find a complete assortment of House keeping Hardware, Cutlery, Mlver-plated Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware, Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks, and all tbo useful articles for Housekeeping, together with Ladies' Satchels, Card Cases, Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, Ac, 4c, all selected with great care, bought for cash, and will be sold at tbe very lowest prices. Purchasers will R well to remember FRANCIS'S Housc-Furnlshlng Store, No. 404 Seventh street nor 2(5 "LINCOLN STOMACH BITTERS." ' ONLY sold at the store of W. Gerecke, No. 493 Eighth street, below Pennsylvania avenue. Also, a great supply just imported of Swltz and Llnburg Cheese, Sardeltes, Sardines, Holl. Herrings, &c, for sale. nov 30 W. UUllrJJK.K. . LADD, WEBSTER, & CO.'S IMPROVED TIQHT-STITCH SEWINQ MACHINES. A Jew of the many reasons why these Sewing Machines are preferred above all others. 1. Tbey are remarkably simple in their con struction. A child can operate them, and understand the mechanism. 2. They are the strongest Sewing Machine made. It is almost impossible to break or get tbem out of order. 3. They are sure in their operation ; finishing the work in a uniformly perfect manner. . 4. Tbey make a tight lock-stitch, alike on both sides of the work, which cannot be unravelled. 5. They stitch, hem, bind, fell, run, ani gather, without basting. C. Tbey sew equally well the lightest aad tbe heaviest fabrics. 7. They sew over tho heaviest seams wHhoot changing the tension or breaking the finest thread. 8. Tbey use any No. of Cotton, Thread, or Silk, directly from the spool. 9. They use a straight needle; curved ones are liable to break. 10. The needle has a perpendieuUr motion. This is absolutely necessary for heavy work. 11 They have a wheel feed ; none others are In constant contact with the work. 12. They run easily and almost noiseless. 1.1. They are not liable to oil the dress of the operator. 14. They do not require a screw-driver to set the needle. 15. They do not hare to be taken apart to oil or clean. 16. They do not form ridges on tbe under side of the work, nor ravel out, nor are they waste ful of thread, as is tbe case with all chain-stitch machines. 17. They are capable of doing a greater range of work, nnd in a mors perfect manner, than any other Sewing Machine, as Is proved by the result of our challenge for a trial, which has nerrr been accepted. LADD, WEBSTER, & CO., 348 Pennsylvania avenue, nor 20 Janney's Store. TI1K UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER WHO'S PRESIDENT I CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain In Wash ington, and continue to pursue my occu pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL PAINTING. Gilding in all its branches. Old Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in the best style. I also call attention to the Painting of Roofs and Brick Walls. All of tbe above I will do as cheap as the cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of my friends and fellow citizens of the District. Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in the best manner. . You will please mind your stops, and stop at M. T. 1'AUKKU'S Painting Establishment, No. S3 1 63 1 1 53 II I Louisiana avenue, north s!1e, be tween Sixth and Seventh streets. P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual. nov 2G STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY, Corner of Indiana avenue and S.cond street, Washington, V. C. BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and Jobs of all kinds, Sterootyped to order. A varietv of Business Cuts on hand, for tale, etinin I for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper.