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t .-. .ifr. rawwrt'wnniai THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN 13 PUBLISHED EVERY UOBKINO, (flONDATS KXCERED,) On Seventh ttrcct, near K, opposite the General Post OOlce, by . LEWIS CLEPHANE & CO. TERMS. To city subscribers, six cent per week, paya ble to the carriers. To mall subscribers, three dollar! and fifty cents per annum, payablo In advance. PRICE ONE CENT. TO CAROLINA, rnox one ofmn sistess. Sister Carrie, my dear, I am sorry to hear That you aro Intending to leave us; Tbey say It's a fact , That your trunk It all packed, And yon hope by such conduct to grieve us. You have always been naughty, And wlUful, and haughty, Like a spolled.minx as you are ; 60 vain of your beauty, Forgetful of duty Vou owe to Indulgent papa. I am sure you can't say You've not had your way In each of our family broils; While I vow and declare You've had your full share In each of the national spoils. Jnst wait for the season And listen to reason, Nor believe what your false lovers say ; For their prayers and their sighs, And their lUttoring lies, Will lead you to ruin some day. Though they prom'se so fair, Gay deceivers they are, From the one whom last evening you kissed, To Hammond and Rhett And chivalrous Keltt, Orr, Meraminger, Perkins, and Gist. Some day, all forlorn, Bedraggled and torn, Like the prodigal son In his need, You will knock at the door, And come home once more, Nor venturo again, to secede. Now be warned of your fate Before it's too late ; Like a dear little innocent lamb, Come out of your pet, And do not forget All tfce kindness of good Uncle Sam. The Palmetto tree No shelter will bo When the dark clouds of anarchy lower ; You will long for tie rest Of your own Eagle's nest, And the strong arm of Federal power. Then, dear little Sis, Now give me a kiss, To make up these family jars; Secession shall never Our Union dissever Hurrah for the Stripes and the Stars I THE COOLEST THING ON RECORD. As General Scott's army was marching tri umphantly into the city of Mexico, a proces sion of monks emerged from tho gate of n con vent, situated on an eminence to the right, and advanced with slow and measured tread, until they met tho army at right angles. The guide or leader of tho procession was a venerable priest, whoso hair was whitened with tho frost of many winters. He held in both hands a contribution box, upon which thero was a lighted candle, and when within a few feet of the army, tho procession halted. As the army Sroceedcd, many a true believer in St. Patrick ropped some small coin or other into the old priest's box. And, when it was observed that a soldier was searching in his pockets for some thing to bestow, the old priest would step for ward and hold his box to receive the donation. Ultimately, thero caino along a very tall, gaunt, limber sided, gnnder-looking Yankee, who, on seeing tho old priest, thrust his bauds into the very depths of his breeches pockets, as if iu sharch for a dime, or something of tho kind. The priest, observing this movement on the part of Jonathan, advanced, as usual, holding forth a greasy looking roll of paper, and com menced very deliberately untolding it. The old priest anticipated a liberal donation, and put on an air of the most exquisite satisfaction. Jonathan continued to unroll piece after piece of dirty paper, until at length be (bund a piece of tri-twtsted smoking tobacco. He next thrust his hands into another pocket, and drew forth a clay pipe, which, with the utmost delibera tion, lie proceeded to fill by pinching off small fiarticles of the tobacco. When this was done, laving replaced bis tobaccco in his breeches pocket, he stooped forward, and lighted his pipe by the old priest's candle, and, making an awkward inclination of tho head, (intended, perhaps, for a bow,) he said, " Much obleeged to ye, Squirol " and proceeded on. "f A distinguished member of the Legislature, in addressing a temperance society, got rather prosy, but showed no disposition to " let up," thoifgh tho audience waxed thinner. Finally me presiuing ouiccr got excited, ana repairing to a friend ot the speaker's, inquired how much longer ho might reasonably no expected to speak 1 Whereupon tho friend answered, " Ho didn't exactly know when ho got on that branch of the subject, ho generally spoke n couplu ot hours." "That'll never do; I've got to make u few remarks myself," said the President; "how shall I stuve him off?" " Well, I don't know in the first place, I should pinch him in the left leg, and then if he shouldn't stop, I'd stie'e a pin into it." Tho President returned to his seat, and his head was invisible for a moment. Soon afterwards he returned to the "brother" who had pro scribed " the pin style of treatment," and snid : " I pinched him, and he didn't take the least notice at all I stuck a pin into his leg, and he didn't seem to care ; I crooked it in, and he kept on, spouting as bard as eerl" "Very likely, "said the wag, " that leg is cork! " Noth ing lias been seen of that President since. In Louisville., a few nights ago, an escaped convict was found hidden in n hogshead of peas, and remanded to jail. He thought it tiard ho couldn't bo ulldwed to rust in peas, QSfflcmkl Yol. I. Organization of the Departments. 8TATB DEPARTMBNT. The Whole machinery employed to conduct the business arising out of ur foreign relations with alt the Powers of the world Is far more simple tban Is generally conceived. The number era ployed ia the Department of State of the United States Is only twcnty-elght, as follows : One Sec retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant Secretary of State, (Hon. John Appleton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Diplomatic Branch This branch of tho State Department has charge of all correspondence between the Dcpirtment and other diplomatic agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of foreign Powers accredited to this Government. In it all diplomatic instructions sent from the Department, and communications to commission ers under treaties of boundaries, Ac, are pre pared, copied, and recorded; and all of like char acter received are registered and filed, their con tents being first entered In an analytic table or Index. Comular Branch This branch has charge of the correspondence, 4c, between the Department and the con uls and commercial agents of the United States. In It Instructions to tr otc officers, and answers to their dispatches and to letters rom other persons asklnc for consular nirencv. or relating to consular affairs, are prep i red and recoraeu. The Disbursing Agent He has charge of all correspondence and other matters connected with accounts relating to any fund with the disburse ment of which the Department is charged. The Translator. Ills duties are to furnish such translations as the Department may require. He also records the commissions of consuls and vice consuls, when not In English, upon which exe quaturs are Issued. Clerk of Appointment! and Commissions He makes out and records commissions, letters of appointment, ana nominations to the Senate; makes out and records exequaturs, and records, when In English, the commissions on which they are Issued. Has chargo of the library. Clerk oftheRolls and Archu ei He takes charne of tho rolls, or enrolled acts end resolutions of Ojngress, as they are received at the Department from the President; prepares tho authenticated copies thereof which a-e called f)r; prepares for, and superintends their publication, and that ol treaties, in the newspapers and in book form; attends to their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all document, and pub lications in regird to which this duty Is assigned to tho 1 epartnient; writing and answering all letters connected therewith. Has charge ot nil Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. Clerk of Territorial Business The Seal of the Department, .Je He has charge of the seals of the United States and of Ihe Department, nud prepares and att dies certificates to papers pre sented for authentication; bas charge of the Ter ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea men; records all letters from the Depirtment, other than tho diplomatic and consular. C erk of Pardons and Passports He prepares and records pardons and remissions ; and regis ters and files the petitions and papers on which they ore founded. Makes out and records pass ports ; kicpi a dally register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, and of the disposition made of them ; prepares letters relating to thls.buslness. Superintendent of Statistics He superintends the preparatitn of the "Annual Report of the Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as required by the acts of 1842 and 185C. ATTORNEY GENFRAL'3 OFFICE. Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq , Assist ant. 1 he ordinary business of this offico may be classified under the following heads : 1. Official opinions on the current business of the Government, as called for by the President, by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor of the Treasury. 2 Examination of the titles of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States 3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con viction in the 'courts ot the United States. 4. Applications lor appointment in all the ju dicial and legal business of the Government. 5. The conduct und argument of all suits in the Supreme Court of the United States iu which the Government is concerned. G The supervision of all other suits arising in any of the Departments, when referred by the head thereof to the Attorney General. To these ordinary beads of the business of the oflice Is added at the present time the direction of all appeals on land claims in California. INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Hon Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis sippi. Its clerical force consists of one, Chief Clerk, (Moses Kelly, Esq ,)two Disburs ng Clerks, and ten other regular Cleiks ; and lo Its suj er vision and management are commltt d the fol lowing branches of the public s rvlce: 1 t. ZVie Pullic Landi The chief of this bu reau Is called the Commissioner of the General Land Office. The Land Bur au Is charged with the suney, management, and sale of the rrublic domain, and the Issutngof titles thcrtfjr, whether derived from confirmations of grants nude by former Governments, by sales, donations, of gran's for schools, military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir ginia military bounty-land claims, and the Issu ing of scrip in 1 eu thereof. The Land Office, also, audits its own accounts. Tlu present Com missioner Is Joseph S. Wilson Its principal officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk of Surveys, besides n Draughtsman, Assistant Dra ightsman, and somo 150 Clerks of various grades. 2d. reniiom The present head of this bureau is George 0. Whiting, of Virginia The Com mlstloner Is chargid w th the cxamlnat on nni adjudication of all claims arising under the va rious atd numerous laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions for the mili tary or naval servic s In the levolutlooary and ubsequcnt wars In which the United States have been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John Ilobb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting of some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indiant Commissioner of Indian Affairs, A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided with a Chiet G erk, and about fifteen other sub ordinate Clerks, 4th. Patent Office. Hon. Philip F. ThomaB, of waryiana, uoinralssloner of l'a'euti. To this bureau Is committed the execution and perlorm auce of all "a -Is anl things touching and re specting tho granting and issuing of pa'cnts for WASHINGTON, D. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 3, new and useful discoveries, Inventions, and Im provem'n's;" the collection of statistics rela-tl-g to agriculture ; the collection and distribu tion of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a Chi f Clerk who is by law tho acting Commis sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis sionertwelve rrmclpal and twelve assistant Examiners of Patents, some doxen subordinate permanent Clerks, besides a consid ruble num ber of temporary employees. Samu'l T. Shn gert, Esq, Chief Clerk. An act passed at the last session of Congress provided that all books, maps, charts, and other publications, heretofore deposited In the De partment of State, according to the laws regula t ng copyrights, should, be removed to the De partment of the Interior, which Is charged with an ins auties connected wun matters pertaining to copyright; which duties havo been assigned by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of fice, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of the service. llesid'B these four principal branches of thl new Executive Department, the organic act of ibvj iransierrea to it irom the Treasury Depart ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni ted States Marshals and! Attorneys, and the Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage ment of the lead and other mines of the United Stales, aid tho affairs of the penitentiary of the United States in the District of Columbia; and from the State Department the duty of taking mm iriurmng me censuses oi tne uni od stales, and of supervising nd directing the acts of the Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi tal for the Insane of the army and navy and of the District of Columbia is also under tho man agement of Ibis Department; in addition to which, Jy laws recently passed, the Secretary of the Interior is charged with tho construction of the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific coast. Under act of February 5, 1859, " providing for Keepiog and distributing atl public documents, all the books, documents, Ac, printed or pur chased by the Government," the Annals of Con gress, American State Papers, American Ar ch ves, Jefferson's und Adams's Works, are transferred Jo this Department from the fcUte Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ; also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty -fifth Congress. These valuable v orks are dis tributed to those who aro by law entitled to re ceive them, and to such " colleges, public libri rles, alhcnajums, literary and scientific Institu tions, boards of trade, or public essociatssns," as shall bo designated by the members of Con gress. The Department requires an additional build ing for its accommodation, and the erection of one has been repeatedly recommended during the last few years for thut purpose. At present, tho Pension UUice is provided with rooms in what Is known as " Winder's Building," while the other branches uf the Department, Including the Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent Ofliv.0 bullolug, fie wLole ot which will be re quired at an early day tor the use of tho Patent Office, tor which it was originally Intended. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. The Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp tro'lers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-bouse Board, and Coast Survey. The following is a brief indication of the duties of these several offices, and of the force employed therein, respectively : Secretary's Office Hon. nowell Cobb, Secre tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; ono Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily employ ed, and tn enty-tbree Clerks. The Secre tary of the Treasury Is charged with the general supervision of the fiscal transactions of the Gov ernment, and of the execution of the laws con cerning the commerce and navigation of the United States. He superintends tho survey of the coast, the 1 ght-house establishment, the ma rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con struction of certain public buildings for custom houses and other purposes. First Comptroller'! Offee Hon. William Me dill, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as well as tho public lands, and revises and certihes the balances arising thereon. Second Comptroller' 'i Offee. J. M. Cutts, Esq , Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of tho Army, Navy, and Indian departments of the publio service, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Office of Commissioner of Custom! Samuel Ingham, Esq , Commissioner, and eleven Clerks. He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis bursements, and lor the building and repairing custom-houses, &c, nnd revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. First Auditor'! Office. Thomas L. Smith, Eq , First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expend ltuics on account ol the civil list, and under private acts ol Congress, and ccpurts the balances to the Commissioner of tho Customs and the iirst Comptroller, respectively, for their decision thereon. Second Auditor'! Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller, Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts relating, to the pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army,' as well as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac counts relating to the Indian department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Third Auditor'! Ojjiee Robert J. Atkinson, Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks, lie receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist ence cf the army, lorflficailons, Military Acad emy , military roads, and the Quartermaster's de partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising Iroru military services previous to 1810, and for ho ses and other property lost in tho military service, under various acts of Congress, and re ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Fourth Auditor'! Offee, A. J. 0 Bannon, Esq , Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for the service of the Navy Department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Fifth Auditor'! Ojice Bartholomew Fuller, Esq , Fifth Auditor, and six Cleiks. Ho re ceives and adjusts all accounts lor diplomatic and similar services performed under the direc tion of the State department, and reports the balances to the First Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Suth Auditor'! Office Dr. Thomas M. Tate, Auditor of the Treasury for the PobI Offico De partment, and ono hundred and fourteen Clerks. He receives u'ud adjusts all accounts arising from the service of the Post Office Department His decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken In twelve months to the First Comptroller. He superintends the collection of all debts due the Post Office Department, and all penalties and forfeitures Imposed on postmasters and mail con tractors for falllog to do their duly; he directs suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal, and takes all such measures as may he aulhor licd by law to enforce the prompt payment of moneys due to the Department; Instructing Uni ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all matters relating thereto; and receives returns from each terra of the United States courts, of tho condition rfbd progress of such suits and legal proceedings: has charge of nil lands and other property assigned to the United States In pay ment of debts due the Post Office Department, and llflR nnwpr In .Alt anrl .Mann-.. .. l. . for the benefit bf the United States. Treasurer1! Office Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas urer, and thirteen Clerks, ne receives and keeps tho moneys of tho United States In his own office, and that of the depositories created by the act of tho Cth of August, 1840, and pays out the' same upon warrants drawn by tho Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp troller, and upon warrants drawn by tho Post master General, and countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, nnd recorded by the Register. Ho also holds public moneys advanced by warrant to ui.uuiBiuic uiueers, anu pays out ine same upon their checks. Register'! Office FinleyBlgger, Fq , Register, and tvventy-nine Clerks. Ho keeps the accounts of public receipts and expenditures ; receives tho returns and makes out the official statement of commerce and navigation of the United States ; and receives from the First Comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all. accounts and vouchers decided by them, and Is charged by law with their safe keeping. ' Solicitor' lOffice Hon. Junius Hillyer, Solicitor, and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits commenced by the United States, (except those arising in the Post Offce Department,) and instructs the United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, in all matters relating to them and their results. He receives returns from each term of the United States courts, showing the progress and condition of such suits ; has charge ol all lands and other property assigned to the United States In payment of debts, (except these aisijned in payment of deht! due the Post Office Department,) and hn power to sell nnd dispose ol tho same for the benefit of the United States. Liyht-llouse Board Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasury, ex-officio President; Com. W. B. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman; Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy; Major A. If. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni ted States Amir! ftnnf A A Uiitnnl,.. r... Topographical Engineers, United States Array; Prof. JnflPnh TTant-F Ke.Mtn.w nf il.A Cmtlh sonlan Institution ; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super- imcuucut ui ine ioasi ourvey ; commander Ita phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical 'Engineers, United States ArmyVmembers, the last two being also Secretaries ; and nve Clerks. This Wkm directs the building and repairing of light houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of the establishment. United Statu Coast Survey Professor A. D. Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. . Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the Coast Survey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Array, Assistant. Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Chas. A. Schott, In charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal division. Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army, in charge of drawing division. . Mr. Edward Wharton, acting In charge of en graving division. Lieut. John R. Rmeait. T7nltp.il Rtiitra Amv In chargo of miscellaneous divisions. ouiuuei ueii, iiisuursing Agent. George Mathiot, Electrotyplst. Joseph Snxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights und Measures. tost oFncn department. Hon Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. Tlie direction and management of tho Post Offico De pirtment nru assigned by the Constitution and laws to the Postmaster General. That its busi ness may bo the inc.. conveniently arranged and prepared for his final action, it is distributed among several bureaus, as follows : Tho Ap pointment Oflice, In charge of the First Assistant Postmaster General; the Contract Oflice, In charge of the Set ond Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, In charge of the Third Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec tion Office, in charge ol tho Chief Clerk. Appointment Office Horatio King, Esq , First Assistant Postu-aster General, and nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned nil questions which relate to the establishment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and names, appointment nnd removal of postmasters and route and local agents, as also the giving of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are lurnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balances by this bureau, which Is charged also with providing blanks and stationery for the use ol the Department, nnd with the superin tendence of the several agencies established for supplying postmasters with blanks. To this bureau Is likewise assigned the supervision of the ocean mail steamship lines, and of tho foreign and International postal arrangements. Contract Office William II. Dundas, Esq, Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twen ty -six clerks. To this office is assigned the business of arranging the mail service of the United States, and placing the same under con tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed ings respecting the Irequency of trips, mode of couicyance, nnd times ol departures and arri vals on nil the routes; the course of the mail between the different sections of tho country, the points of mail distribution, and the regula tions for the government of tho domestic mall service of tho United States. It prepares the advertisements for mail proposals, receives the bids, and takes charge of ihe annual and occa sional mail lettings, and the adjustment and exe cution oT tho contracts All applications for the establishment or alteration ol mail arrange ments, and the appointment ot Mail Messengers, should be sent to this office. All claims should be submitted to It for transportation service not under contract, as the recognition of said service is first to be obtained through the Contract Office, as a necessary authority for the proper credits at the Auditor's Office, From this oflice all postmasters at the ends of routes receive the statement of mall arrangements prescribed for the recpectlvo routes. It reports weekly to the 1861. No. 32. Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders affecting accounts for mall transportation ; pre pares the statistical exhibits of the mail service, and the reports of the mail lettings, giving a statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts made, the new service originated, the curtail ments ordered, and the additional allowances granted within the year. Finance Office. A. N. Zevcly, Esq , Third As sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management of the financial business of the Department, not devolved by law upon the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the issuing of warrants and drafts In payment of balances reported by the Auditor to b doe to mall contractors and other persons, the supervis ion of the accounts of offices under orders to deposit their quarterly balances at designated points, and the superintendence of the rendition by postmasters of their quarterly returns or postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter Office, of the issuing of postago stamps and stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post age, and of the accounts connected therewith. To the Third Assistant Postmaster General ail postmasters should direct their quarterly returns of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their oflices; and those at depositing offices, their cer- iiinmis ui uc-pum; to mm snouu also be di rected tho weekly and monthly returns of the dcposltarles of the Department, ns well as all applications and receipts for postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Tmpeclion Office. Benj. N. O'cmenlJ. Esq., Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this oflice is assigned the duty of receiving and examining the registers of tho arrivals and departures of the mails, certificates ot the service of route agents, and reports of mail failures ; of noting the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing cases thereon for the action of the Postmaster General; furnishing blanks for mall registers, and reports of mail failures; providing and sending out mall bags an I mail locks and keys, nnd doing all other things which may be neces sary to secure a falthlul and exact performance of all mail contracts. All cases of mall depredation, of violation of law by private expresses, or by the forglrfg or illegal use of postage stam s, are under the su pervision of this oflice, and should be reported to It. All communications respecting lost money, letters, mall depredations, or other violations of law, or mall locks and keys, should be directed, "Chief Clerk, Post Office Department." All rppistprfl nf thn nrrtirial. unf 4n. .- Ar iue mans, ceriiucates oi tne serweo of route agents, reports of mall failures, applications for blank registers, and reports of failures, and all complaints against contractors for Irregular or Imperfect service, should be directed, "Inspection Office, Post Oflice Department." NAVY DEPARTMENT. The Navy Department consists of the Navy Department proper, being the office of the Sec retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, viz : Bureiu of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureiu of Ordnance and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine and Sargery. The following is a statement of the duties of each of these offices, and of the force employed therein: Secretary'! Office. Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre tary of the havy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq., Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerk. The Secretary of the Navy has charge of everything connected with the naval eitiblisliment, and the execution of all laws relating thereto Is intrusted to him, under the gejcral direction of the President of the United States, who, by the Constitution, ia Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy. All instructions to commanders of rquadrons and commanders of vessels, all orders of officers, commissions of officers both in the navy and marine corps, appointments of coramhsiontd and warrant oflicers, ciders for the enllitment and dischnrge of seamen, emanate from the Sec retary's Offi.e. All the dntloj of the different bureuus aro perform d under 116 authority of the Secretary, und their orders i re considered as emanating from him. The general superin tendence ol tho marine corps form) also a part of tho duties of the SeLret try , and all the orders of thn commandant of that corps should bo ap proved by him. Bureau of Xing Yards and Docks. Commo dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four Clerks, one Civil Eng!neer,nnd one Draughtsman. All Ihe navy yards, docks, and wharves, build ings and machinery in navy yards, and overy. thing immediately connected with them, are under the superintendence of this bureau. It is also charged with the management of the Naval Asylum. Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re pair. John Lenthall, Esq , Cbiet of the Bureau, eight Clerks, und one Draughtsman. The oflice ot I ho Engincer-in-chlcf ot the Navy, Samuel Archbold, Esq , is attached to this bureau, who Is assisted by threo assistant engineers. This bureau has charge of the building and repairs of all vessels ot war, purchase of unit trials, and the providing of all vessels with their equipments, as sails, anchors, water tanks, ic. The Engl-neer-in-chlef superintends the construction of all marine steam engine! for the navy, and, with the approval of the Secretary, decides upon plans for their construction. Bureau vf Provisions and Clothing H. Bridge, Purser United Slates Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the navy, and clothing, together with the making of coutracts for furnishing tho same, como under the charge of this bureau. ' Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt. Duncan Ingrnhiim, Chief of Bureau, tour Clerks, and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu facture or purchase of cannon, guns, ponder, shot, shells, U' , and the equipment of vessels of war, with everything connected therewith. It also provides them with maps, charts, chronom eters, barometers, &c , together with such books ns are furnished ships of war. " The United States Naval Observatory nnd Hydrogrnphical Olhce " nt Washington, and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, are also under the general super intendence of the Chief of this Bureau. Bureau if Medicine and Surgery Dr. William Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos pitals, comes withlu the superintendence of this bureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mes RATES OP ADVERTISING. '"" One, square, threo days- , ji,oJ One square, four days. .!..... UJ One, square, five days . g9 One- square, aUdayi LW One square, two weeks... .... j.TB Oae square, tore wckJ.U.....i...i.JiTafa' One square, ono month...'. ;. istf One square, three months "io qq One square, six months...... ..la 00 One square, one year ......... 30.00 Every other day and once a week advertise menu), fifty per cent advance on the above. Inserted as reading matter, ten cents a line. Church and other notices, and wants, twenty five cents for each Insertion. Ten lines or less constitute a sqnare". sengers, and one Laborer. The following bu reaus are attached to this Department. Commanding OaitraV! Office. This oflice, at the head of which Is Lieutenant General Scott, t at New York. Adjutant Oentratt Office. Col. Samuel Coop er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major B. D. Townscnd, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. 8. Wil liams, nnd Cipt. J. P. Garcscbo; Judge Advo cate, Major John I'. Lee; tea Clerks and on Messenger. In this office are kept all the records which refer to the personnel of the army. Um rolls, &e. It Is hue that all military commis sions are made out Quartermaster General: s Office. Brevet Major General T. 8. Jesup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. S. bibley. Brevet Major It. 0. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Bulger ; eleven Clerks and one Messenger. Paymaster Clentral! OffUe-OcA. B. F. Larned. Paymaster General, Lieut. CoL T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster; seven Clerks and one Mes senger, i Comniuary GeneraTs Offico-General George Gibson, Commlsvary General ; Assistant, Cant. A. E. Sbiras; six Clerks und ono Messenger. Surgeon GeneraTi Office. Oen. Thomas Law son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. C. Wood; three Clerks and oqe Messenger. Enaineer Oflir-Vin Jn.nli fl T.if- n.i.r Engineer; Assistant, Captain K. G. Wright; fire Clerks and ono Messenger. Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo nel of Ihe Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. C. Wood ruff; fire Clerks and ono Messenger. Ordnance Bureau Col. H. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna dler; eight Clerks and one Messenger. AT FHANCIS'8 HOUSE-FTJKNISHIHO STOEE, 490 Seventh tired, VOU can find a complete assortment of House keeping Hardware, Cutlery, Sllver-platod Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware, Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters. Clocks, and all the useful articles for Housekeeping, together with Ladles' Satchels, Card Cases, Purses, Fans, Combs, Brashes, Baskets, Ac, 4c, all selected with great care, bought for cash, and will be sold at the very lowest prices Purchasers will do well to remember FRANCIS'S House-Furnishing Store, No. 490 Seventh street, nov 26 "LINCOLN STOMACH BITTEBS." ONLY sold at the store of W. Gereck'e, oa Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-and-a-balf and Sixth streets. Also, a great supply just imported of Swltz and Llnburg Cheese, Sar delles, Sardines, Uoll. Herrings, &c, for sale, nov JO W. GEItECKE. THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER WHO'S PRESIDENT I CONSEQUENTLY,-I shall remain In Wash Ington, and continue to pursue my occu pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL PAINTING. Gilding In all Its branches. Old Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in the best style. I also call attention to the Painting of Roofs and Brick Walls. All of the above X will do as cheap as the cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of my friends and fellow citizens of the District. Punctuality strictly observed, and work done la the best manner. You will please mind your stops, and stop at M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1 5311 53 II I Louisiana avenue, north side, be tween Sixth and eventh streets. P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual. nov 2G STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY, Comer of Indiana avenue and S cond street, Washington, V. 0. BOOK'', Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and .jbj uf all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A vr ety of Business Cuts on band, for sale, cheap 'ir cash. C. W. MURRAY, Slcreotyper. llOIIN LANGE, Practical Chronometer, Clock, and Watch-maker, 437 Seventh street, bet. G and H, Informs his customers and the pub lic In general, that he has just re ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent nnd Detached Lovers, Leplne, Duplex, and other Watches ; also, fine French UlucKs, Jewelry, 4c. Attends promptly to the Repairing of fine Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 29 lm A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who has four or five hours of spare time per day, wishes to get an engagement in drawing maps, charts, Ac. Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, be tween D and E. dec 18 WANTED. A young man, twenty years of age, vv ho has had considerable experience In such matters, wishes to obtain a situation as clerk or salesman in a store. Can furnish tho best city reference. Address " G. E. R ," City Post Office. deo 21 J. J. COOMBS, Attorney and Counsellor at, Lain, WILL practice In the local Courts of this District, and in the Supreme Court and Court of Claims. Office at the corner of Indi ana avenue and Second street. Wines, Brandies, &o. Choice Old Madeira, Duff Gordon Sherry, Old LD Port, Fine Table Madeira, Old Carasquedo Sherry, Superior Brandies, Fine Old India Madeira, (a very superior article, not usually found In this market.) Curaco, Maraschlo, Annesette, Absynthe, Congress Water. For sale low by congress DR0Wj,,jf0 & KEATING, 353 Penn avenue, near Sixth street. Massachusetts Clear Meis Fork For sale low by . BROWNING 4 KEATING, 353 Penn. avenee, near Sixth street.