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. v RATES OF ADVERTISINOT " Oie square, three days $1 00 Ose sqnare, four days 1.28 One equar?, five days. i l.go Oae squire, six days j.ts Ose square, two weeks 2.TB One square, tbres tmJct,.t .UX1-.1 8 SO One square, bne month .. 4 00 One square, three months 10.00 One square, six-months ...16 00 One squire, one year, ...........30.00 Every other day and once a week advertise ments, fifty per cent, advance on the shore. Inserted as reading matter, ten cents si line. Church and other notices, and wants, twenty five cents for each insertion. Ten lines or less constitute a sqnare. THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN 13 PUBLISHED EVERY MORNINQ, (SUNDAYS EICjuI-TKD,) ; On Seventh street, neat E, opposite the General Post Office, by LEWIS CLEPHANE & CO. TERMS. To city subscribers, li cents per week, paya ble to the curriers. To malt tnbacribers, tbree dollars and fill; cents per annum, payabto in advance. rttMtcmt SKSSSBS2 PRICE ONE CENT. Miscellaneous Items. Qor. Banks presided at a dinner of tbo Ca dets in Boston, and made an eloquent speech, closing with the followliig sentiment: " The gallant Major Anderson of Fort Sum ter Ma; the people give him the honor lift de serves, and God give the United States Gov ernment courage to back him." In East Boston, recently, a dying maiden of 20 was married to her betrothed. Before her dissolution, she said that she had only one earth ly -wish ungratified she deisred to be united to him who bad loved her so long and truly, and the hope of being his in heaven. He, could deny her nothing he married death. "TOwok Meetings. Strong Union meetings have been held both in Bel-Air and Ilavre de Grace, Maryland. An English nobleman, cruising in his yacht in the Mediterranean, recently, anchorod in the Bay of Naples, and, on his return on board one day, found the commander of the yacht, a half pay lieutenant in the navy, kneeling before his youngest daughter, the Lady Alice, and kissing her hand. The Indignant father, a man of great strength, seized the lieutenant, and flung him over the bulwarks into the sea, and, despite tho efforts of tho sailors to rescue him, he was drowned. A young wife in Bochester, recently, having been forbiddet by her husband to visit her rel atives in Syracuse, went, leaving a note saying she had gone merely to redeem her word, and would bo back next day ; on her return, she found ho had gone, leaving a note saying that ho had parted forever, having taken all his wardrobe. All efforts to discover him or in duce hirn to return proving of no avail, the de serted wife sickened and died broken hearted last week. A horrible murder was committed at San Francisco, on the evening of December 3d. A oung mulatto servant girl having discarded ier lover, John Clarkson, ho went calmly to the hi house, and gashed the poor girl in the check, ana toreneaxi, ana tnen cut uer throat. Slio ran iuto the street half a block, and fell dead. After adesperato resistance, tho murderer was arrested. The Princeton Review, the highly conserva yative organ of the old school Presbyterians, ia a recent article on the state of the country, attributes the internal perils of the South to its own folly. The writer says : "For ono communication that reaches the mind of the slave, tending to promote disturb ance, coming from Northern fanatics, a hun dred, probably a thousand, come from South ern men and their political allies at the North. We verily believe that it would be lest dangerous to the South to allow unrestricted circulation to the Independent, thanlo the New York Herald, or Journal of Commerce." A little while ago, says the Review, " the man who should advo cato the dissolution of the Union would have been associated, in the estimation of his coun trymen, with Benedict Arnold, and such, we doubt not, will be the position assigned, by the judgment of posterity, to the authors of disun ion, should that calamity befall us." TO HOUSEKEEPERS OF WASHINGTON, . GEORGETOWN, AND VICINITY. "TTTE Invite the attention of housekeepers to VV our very large and beautiful stock of China, Glass, and Earthen Ware, Which Is now rendered complete in every depart ment by our recent Importations. We deem it unnecessary to enumerate articles, as we have everything that is usually kept in the China business, from rich decorated French China Dinner and Tea Sets, to the ordinary Earthen Ware; and, as we import the majority of our goods, we are prepared to furnish the best quality, either to the wholesale or retail trade, as low as any of the importing houses of Balti more. English and American Cutlery of superior quality. Also, Horn, Buck, and Cocoa-handled Cutlery, from the same factories. Silver-plated Ware on fine albata, warranted. A large stock of Coal Oil Lamps, numerous patterns. Parlor Lamp-shades and Chimneys. Cut Class Globes. Hyacinth Glasses, Taney Articles, Toys, &e. 0. S. FOWLER & CO., dec 4-eo 504 Odd Fellows1 Hail, 7th street. INTERIOR ADORNMENTS. nz 486. 4S(J. PAPER HANGINGS, Or ALL (1IUDE8 AID miCKS. WARRANTED Gold Iland Window Shades, Buff, Green, and Blue Holland Shades, all sizes, made to order. Also, a handsome assortment of Picture Cord and Tassels, nil ilzes and colors. Purchasing for cash, and allowing no old stock to accumulate, persons needing the above goods will find it to their advantage to give me a call. All work executed and superintended by practical men, who have served a regular ap prenticeship at their trade. Satlsfactlc .on guarantied, or no nav renulred. Pleaso give me a call. Remember the number. JOHN MARKRITER, No. 480 Seventh street, eight doors above nov 20 Odd Fellows' Hall. WASHINGTON MANUFACTURES. Encourage Home Production. LAMPBLACK of all qualities, and packed in all of the different styles known to the trade. ROOFING PITCH & ROOFING FELT, FOR GRAVEL ROOFS, And also used for slate and tin roofs. Manufac tured and for sale by H. O. WILSON & CO., Twenty-second street and Chespeake and Ohio Canal. OUlce adjoining Bank of Washington. nov zu Organization of the Departments. STATU DEPARTMENT. The whole machinery employed to conduct the business arising out of 1 ur foreign relations with all the Powers of the world Is far more simple than is generally conceived. The number em ployed la the Department of State of tho United States is only twenty-eight, as follows : One Sec retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant Secretary of State, (Hon. John Appleton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch of the Stato Department has charge of all correspondence between the Deptrtment and other diplomatic agents of the Unlteo States abroad, and those of foreign Powers accredited to this Government. In it all diplomatic Instructions sent Irom the Department, and communications to commission ers under treaties of boundaries, &c, are pre pared, copied, and recorded; and all of like char acter received are registered and filed, their con tents being first entered in an analytic table or index. Consular Branch. Ths branch has charge of the correspondence, Ac.,between the Department and the consuls and commercial agents of the United States. In it Instructions to t bote officers, and answers to their dispatches and to letters rom other persons asking for consular agency, or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and recorded. The Disbursing Agent He has charge of all correspondence and other matters connected with accounts relating to any fund with tho disburse ment of which the Department is charged. The Trantlalor. His duties are to furnish snch translations as the Department may require, ne also records the commissions of consuls and vice consuls, when not in English, upon which exe quaturs are Issued. Clerk of Appointments and Commhiiont. He makes out and records commissions, letters of appointment, and nominations to the Senate; makes out and records exequaturs, and records, when in English, the commissions on which they are issued. Has charge of the library. Clerk oflheRoUt andArchhes He takes charge of the rolls, or enrolled acts ond resolutions of Congress, as they are received at the Department from the President; prepares the authenticated copies thereof which are called far; prepares for, and superintends their publication, and that of treaties, In the newspapers and in book form; attends to their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all documents and pub lications in regird to which this duly is assigned to the Department; writing and answering all letters connected therewith. Has charge of all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. Clerk 0 Territorial Busmen The Seal of the Department, Jce He has charge of the seals of the United States and of the Department, and prepares and att icbes certificates to papers pre sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea men ; records all letters from the Department, other than the diplomatic and consular. Clerk of Pardons and I'attporti He prepares and records pardons and remissions ; and regis ters and files the petitions and papers on which they are founded. Makes out and records pass ports ; keeps a daily register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, and of the disposition made of them ; prepares letters relating to this business. Superintendent of Statistics He superintends the preparation of the " Annual Report of the Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as required by the acts of 1842 and 1850. ATTORNEY GENhRAL'S OFFICE. Hon Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of the United States ; A. B. McOalmont, Esq , Assist ant, The ordinary business of this office, may be classified nnder the following heads: 1. Official opinions on the current business of the Government, as called for by the President, by any bead of Department, or by the Solicitor of the Treasury. 2. Examination of the titles of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States. 3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con viction in the courts of the United Btates. 4. Applications for appointment In all the ju dicial and legal business of the Government. 6. The conduct and argument of all suits in the Supreme Court of the United States in which the Government is concerned. 6 The supervision of all other suits arising in any of the Departments, when referred by the head thereof to the Attorney General. To these ordinary heads of the business of the office is added at the present time the direction of all appeals on land claims in California. INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Hon. Jacob Thompson, of the State of Mlssls siipl. Its clerical force consists of one Chief Clerk, (Moses Kcllj tEsq ,) two Disburs'ng Clerks, and ten other regular Cleiks ; and to Its super vision and management are committed the fol lowing branches of the public service: lit. The Public Lands. The chief of this I u reau is called the Commissioner of the General Land Office. The Land Bureau is charged with the surrey, management, and sale of the public domain, and the issulngof titles therefor, whether derived from confirmations of grants mide by former Governments, by sales, donations, of grants for Bchools, military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir ginia military bounty-land claims, and the issu ing of scrip In lieu thereof. The Land 0 flics, also, audits its own accounts. The prosent Com missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. lis principal officers are a Recorder, Chlet Clerk, who also acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk of Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Acslstant Draughtsman, and some 150 Clerks of various grades. 2d. Pennons The present head of this bureau is Georgo 0. Wbitlng, of Virginia. Tho Com missioner is charged w th the examlnat'on and adjudication of all claims arising under the va rious and numerous laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions for the mili tary or naval service In the revolutionary and tubsequent wars in which the United States have been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting of some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indians Commissioner of Indian Affairs, A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He Is provided with a Chief Clerk, and about fifteen other sub ordinate Clerks. 4th. Patent Office. lion. Philip F. Thomas, of Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this bureau is committed the execution and perform ance of all aits and things touching and re specting the granting and Issuing of patents for new and useful discoveries, inventions, and im provements;" the collection of statistics rela ting to agriculture; the collection and distribu tion of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a Chief Clerk who Is by law the acting Commis sioner of Patents in the absence of the Commis sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant Examioers of Patents, some dozen subordinate permanent Clerks, besides n considTable num ber of temporary employees. Sumu-1 T. Shu gert, Esq., Chief Clerk. An act passed at the last session of Congress provided that all books, maps, charts, and other J publications, ucrctolon deposited lu tbe De partment of State, according to the laws regula-' t ng copyrights, snouiu tie removed to tbe De partment of the Interior, which Is charged with all the duties connected with matters pertaining to copyright; nblch duties have been assigned by the Secretary of tbe Interior to the Patent Of-, fice, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of the service. Besidis these four principal branches of this new Executive Department, tbe organic act of 1849 transferred to it from the Treasury Depart ment tbe supervision of the accounts of the Uni ted Slates Marshals and Attorneys, and the Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage ment of the lead and other mines of the United States, ai d the affairs of the penitentiary of the United States in tbo District of Columbia; and from the State Department the duty of taking and returning the censuses of the Uni'ed States, and of supervising and directing the acts of the Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi tal for the Insane of the array and nary and of the District of Columbia is also under tbe man agement of this Department; in addition to which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of trie interior is charged Willi tbe construction of tbe three wagon roads leading to the Pacific coast. Under act of February 5, 1859, " providing for keeping and dis'ributlng ail public documents, all tbe books, documents, &c, printed or pur chased by the Government," the Annals of Con gress, American Stato Papers, American Ar chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are transferred to this Department from tbe etite Department, Library of Consress, and elsewhere ; also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty fifth Congress. These aluablc orks are dis tributed to those who are by law entitled to re ceive them, and to such " colleges, public llbri ries, athenseums, literary and scientific institu tions, boards of trade, or public sssoclatlons," as shall be designated by the members of Con gress. Tbe Department requires an additional build ing for its accommodation, and the erection of one has been repcatidly recommended during tbe last few years for that purpose. At present, the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what is known as "Winder's Building," whllo the other branches of the Department, Including the Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent Office building, the whole of which will be re quired at an early day tor tbe use of the Patent Office, for which it was originally Intended. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. The Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp trollers, Commissioner of tbe Customs, six Au ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house Board, and Coast Survey. The following is a brief Indication of the duties of these several offices, and of tbe force employed therein, respectively : Secretary's Office Hon. nowell Cobb, Secre tary of tbe Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre tary of the Treasury is charged with the general supervision of the tiscal transactions of tbe Gov ernment, and of the execution of the laws con cerning the commerce and navigation of tho United States. He superintends the survey of tne coast, the I'ght-hnuse establishment, the ma rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con struction of certain public buildings for custom houses and other purposes. First Comptroller's Office Hon. William Me- dill, Comptroller, and filteen Clerks. He pre scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac counts for tbe civil and diplomatic service, as well as the public lands, and revises and certifies tbe balances arising thereon. Second Comptrsller's Office J. M. Cutis, Esq , Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of tho Army, Navy, and Indian departments of tbe public service, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Office of Commissioner of Cuttoms. Samuel Ingham, Esq , Commissioner, and eleven Clerks. He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis bursements, and for the building and repairing custom-houses, &c.,and revises and certifies tho balances arising thereon. First Auditor's Ofjice. Thomas L. Smith, Esq , First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expend itures on account 01 the civil list, and under private acts of Congress, and reports the balances to the Commissioner of the Customs and tbe First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision thereon. Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller, Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac counts relating to the Indian department, and reports tbe balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Third Auditor's Office Robert J. Atkinson, Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks. He reoelves and adjusts all accounts tor subsist ence of tho army, fortifications, Military Acad emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de partment, as well aB for pensions, claims arising from military services previous to 1810, and for ho ses and other property lost In the military Ben ice, under various acts of Congress, and re ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, lor bis decision thereon. Fourth Auditor's Office. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq , Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for the service of tbo Navy Department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Ffth Auditor's Office Bartholomew Fuller, Esq , Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. Ho re ceives and adjusts nil accounts for diplomatic and similar services performed under the direc tion of the Stato Department, and reports tbe balances to the First Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Sixth Auditor's Office. Vr. Thomas M. Tate, Auditor of the Treasury for the Post Office De partment, and one hundred and lourteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts nil accounts arising from tbe service of 'tbe Post Office Department. His decisions nro final, unless an appeal be taken in twelve months to the First Comptroller. He superintends tho collection of all debts due the Post Office Department, and all penalties and forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mail con tractors for falling to do their duty; he directs suits and legal proceedings, civil and criminal, and takes all such measures as may be author ised by law to enforce the prompt payment of moneys due to the Department) instructing Uni ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all matters relating thereto; and receives returns from each term of tbe United States courts, of the condition and progress of such suits and legal proceedings: has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States in pay rfent of debts due the Post Office Department, aid has power to sell and dispose of the same isV-tho benefit of tbe United States. Treasurers Office. Samuel Casey, Eq., TreSs-' urer, ana thirteen uierKs. lie receives and keeps the moneys of the United States In his own office, and that of the depositories created- by the act of the Cth of August, 1840. and nars out the lame upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of me Treasury, countersigned by the First Uomp trolier, and upon warrants drawn by the Post master General, and countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also holds public moneys advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon their checks. Regiiler'i Office. Flnley Bigger, Esq , Register, and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tho accounts of public receipts and expenditures; receives the returns and makes out the official statement of commerce and navigation of the United States ; and receives from the First Comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers decided by them, and is charged by law with their safe keeping. Soluitor'tOffice Hon. Junius Hlilyer, Solicitor, and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits commenced by the United States, (except those anting in the Poet Office Department,) and Instructs the United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, in all matters relating to them and their results. He receives returns from each term of the United States courts, showing the progress and condition of such suits : has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States in payment of debts, (except thote atiigned inpayment of Mis due the Post Office Department,) and has power to sell and dispose of the same for the benefit of tbe United States. Ltyht-IIouie Board Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasury, ex-officio President; Com. W. B. Shubrick, United States Navy, Chairman; Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy; Major A. 11. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni ted States Army ; Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army; Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of tho Smith sonian Institution ; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, members, the last two being also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This board directs the building and repairing of light houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of tbe establishment. United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D. Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the Coast Survey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Army, Assistant. Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Chas. A. Schott, in charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal division. Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army, In charge of drawing division. Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en graving division. Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, in charge ot miscellaneous divisions. Samuel Hein, Disbursing Agent. George Mathiot, Electrotypist. Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights and Measures. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Hon Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The direction and management of the Post Office De partment are assigned by the Constitution and laws to the Postmaster General. That its busi ness may be the more conveniently arranged and prepared for bis final action, It is distributed among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap pointment Office, in charge of the First Assistant Postmaster General ; the Contract Office, In charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, In charge of tho Third Assistant Postmaster General; and tho Inspec tion Office, in charge of the Chief Clerk. Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions which relate to the establishment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and names, appointment and removal orpostmasters and route and local agents, as also the giving of Instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are furnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balances by this bureau, which is charged also with providing blanks nnd stationery for the use of the Department, and with the superin tendence of the several agencies established for supplying postmasters with blanks. To this bureau is likewise assigned the supervision of tbe ocean mail steamship lines, and of the foreign and International postal arrangements. Contract Office William H. Dundas, Esq, Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six clerks. To this office is assigned tho business of arranging the mall service of the United States, nnd placing tbe same under con tract, embracing all correspondence nnd proceed ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, and times of departures nnd arri vals on all tbe routes ; the course of the mail between tbe different sections of the country, the points of mail distribution, and the regula tions for the government of tho domestic mall ecrrice of the United States. It prepares the advertisements for mail proposals, receives the bids, and takes charge of the annual nnd occa sional mail lettings, and tho adjustment and exe cution of the contracts. All applications for the establishment or alteration of mall arrange ments, and the appointment of Mail Messengers, should be Bent to this office. All claims should be submitted to it lor transportation service not under contract, as tbe recognition of said service is first to be obtained through the Contract Office, as a necessary authority for the proper credits at the Auditor's Office. From this office all postmasters at tbe ends of routes receive tho statement of mail arrangements prtscrlbed tor the respcctlvo routes, it reports weekly to tbo Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders affecting accounts for mall transportation ; pre pares tbe statistical exhibits of the mail service, and the reports of the mail lettings, giving a statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts made, tho new service originated, the curtail ments ordered, and the additional allowances granted within the year. Finance Office. A. N. Zevcly, Esq , Third As sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management of the financial business of the Department, not devolved by law upon the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the issuing of warrants and drafts Inpayment of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to mail contractors and other persons, th supervis ion of the accounts of offices under orders to depoj.it their quarterly Wocej.at designated I points, and the superintendence of the rendition ny postmasters or their quarterly returns of postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter Office, of the issuing of postage stamps and stamped envelopes for the pro-payment of post age, and of the accounts connected therewith. To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all postmasters should direct their quarterly returns of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly tho net proceeds of their office! ; and those at depositing offices, their cer tificates of deposit ; to him should also be di rected the weekly and monthly returns of the depositaries of the Department, as well as ail applications and receipts for postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Inspection Office. Bcnj N. Clement?, Esq , Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office is assigred the duty of receiving and examining the registers of the arrivals and departures of the mails, certificates of tbe service of route agents, and reports of mail failures ; of noting tbe delinquencies of contractors, and preparing cases thereon for tbe action of the Postmaster General; furnishing blanks fcr mail registers, and reports of mail failures; providing and sending out mail bags an 1 mail locks nnd keys, and doing all other things which may be neces sary to secure a faithful and exact performance of all mail contracts. All cases of mail depredation, of violation of law by private expresses, or by the forging or illegal use of postage stam s, are under the su pervision of this office, and should be reported to It. All communications respecting lost moicy, letters, mall depredations, or other violations et law, or mail locks and keys, should be directed, "Chief Clerk, Post Office Department" All registers of tbe arrivals and departures of the malls, certificates of the service of route agents, reports of mail failures, applications for blank registers, and reports of failures, and all complaints against contractors for irregular or imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection Office, Post Office Department." NAVY DEPARTMENT. Tho Navy Department consists of the Navy Department proper, being the office of tho Sec retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, viz : Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography, and tho Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The following is a statement of tbe duties of each of these offices, and of the force employed therein : ' Secretary's Office. non. Isaac Toucey, Secre tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq, Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. Tho Secretary of the Navy has charge of everything connected with tho naval establishment, and the execution of all laws relating thereto Is Intrusted to him, under the general direction of tbo President of the United State, who, by the Constitution, is Commander-in-chief of the Army ond Navy. All instructions to commanders of squadrons and commanders of vessels, all orders ot officers, commissions of officers both In tbe navy and marine corps, appointments of commlisiomd and warrant officers, orders for tho enlistment and discharge of seamen, emanate from the Sec retary's Office. All the duties of the different bureaus aro performed nnder tbe authority of the Secretary, and their orders are considered as emanating from blm. The general superin tendence of the marine corps formi also a part of the duties of the Secretary, and all tbo orders of tbe commandant of that corps should be ap proved by him. Bureau of Naiy Yards and Docks. -Commodore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four Clerks, one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman. All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build ings and machinery in navy yards, and every thing immediately connected with them, are under tbe superintendence of this bureau. It is also charged with the management of the Navul Asylum. Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re pair. ioan Lenthall, Esq , Chief of the Bureau, eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. Tbo cilice of the Englnecr-ln-chief 01 the Navy, Samuel Arcbbold, Esq , Is attached to this bureau, who Is assisted by three assistant engineers. This bureau has charge of tbe building and repairs of all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the providing of all vessels with their equipments, as sails, anchors, water tanks, be. The Engi-neer-in-chlef superintends tbe construction of all marine steam engines for the navy, and, with tho approval of the Secretary, decides upon plans for their construction. Bureau of Pronsions and Clothing H. Bridge, Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the navy, and clothing, together with tho making of contracts for furnishing tbe Bamo, como under the charge of this bureau. Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt. Duncan Ingrnham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks, and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge of all ordnance and ordnance stores, tbe manu facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder, shot, shells, ic, and the equipment of vessels of wur, with every thing connected therewith. It also provides them with maps, charts, chronom eters, barometers, Ac , together with such books as are furnished ships of war. "The United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, are also under tbe general super intendence of tbo Chief of this Bureau. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. William Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United btates Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines nnd medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos pitals, comes wlthiu tbe superintendence of this bureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. Hon. J. II. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. It. Drinkard, Chief ClerL, seven Clerks, two Mes sengers, and ono Laborer. Tbe following bu reaus aro attached to this Department. Commanding Generals Office This office, at ' the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott, is at New York. Adjutant Generals Office. CoL Samuel Coop er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major B. D. Townscnd, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt, 8. Wil liams, and Gnpt, J. P. Garesche ; Judge Advo cate, Msjor John F. Lee; ten Clerks and one Messenger. Iu this office aro kept all tbe records which refer to tbo personnel of the army, tbe rolls, ic. It (1 here that all military commis sions aro made out. Quartermaster OentrnVt Office. Brevet Major General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Major IL 0. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger; eleven-, .CIJ.Md.onflJIessngs.. ii3, T Paymaster General 1 Office. CoL B. F. Larncd, Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster; seven Clerks and one Mes senger. Commissary Generals ?. General George Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt. A. E. Shlras; six Clerks and one Messenger. Surgeon Generate Office. Oeo. Thomas Law son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. 0. Wood ; three Clerks and one Messenger. Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph O. Tottcn, Chief Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; five Clerks and one Messenger. Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo nel or the Corps ; Assistant, Capt I. C. Wood ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger. Ordnance Bureau, Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Hayna dier ; eight Clerks and one Messenger. AT FRANCIS'S HOUSE-FURNISHING STORE, 400 Seventh street, YOU can find a complete assortment of House keeping Hardware, Cutlery, Silver-plated Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware, Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks, and nil the useful articles for Housekeeping, together with Ladies' Satchels, Card Cases, Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, arc, ic, all selected with great care, bought for cash, and will be sold at the very lowest prices Purchasers will do well to remember FRANCIS'S Uouse-Furulsbing Store, No. 490 Seventh street, nov 10 " LINCOLN STOMACH BITTERS." ONLY sold at the store of W. Gerccke, on Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-and-a-half and Sixth streets. Also, a great supply just imported of Switz and Linburg Cheese, Sar delles, Sardines, Holl. Herrings, &c, for sale, nov 30 W. GERECKE. THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER WHO'S PRESIDENT I CONSEQUENTLY, I sb'aU remain in Wash ington, and continue to pursue my occu pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL PAINTING. Gliding in all its branches. Old Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in the best style. I also call attention to the Painting of Roofs and Brick Walls. All of the above I will do as cheap as the cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of my friends and fellow citizens of the District. Punctuality strictly observod, and work done in the best manner. You will please mind your stops, and stop at M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1 5JII 5.1 II I Louisiana avenue, north sHo, be tween bixth and eventh streets. P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual. nov 20 STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY, Comer of Indiana aienue and S cond street, Washington, D. C. BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A variety of Business Outs on hand, for sale, cheap for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper. JOHN LANGE, Practical Chronometer, Clock, and Watch-maker, 437 Seventh street, bet O and H, informs his enstomers and the pub lic in general, that he has just re ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent and Detached Levers, Leplne, Duplex, and other Watches ; also, fine French Clocks, Jewelry, Ac. Attends promptly to tbe Repairing of fine Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 29 lm A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who has four or five hours of spare time per day, wishes to get an engagement in drawing maps, charts, ic. Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, be tween D and E. dec 18 WANTED. A young man, twenty years of age, who has bad considerable experience in such matters, wishes to obtain a situation as clerk or salesman in a store. Can furnish the best city reference. Address " G. E. R.," City Post Office. deo 21 J. J. COOMBS, Attorney and Counsellor at, Lata, WILL practice la tbe local Courts of tbls District, and In the Supreme Court and Court of Claims. Office at the corner of Indi ana avenue and Second street. Wines, Brandies, &c. Choice Old Madeira, Duff Gordon Sherry, Old LD Port, Fine Table Madeira, Old Carasquedo Sherry, Superior Brandies, Fine Old India Madeira, (a very superior article, not usually found in this market) Ouraco, Marascblo, Auuesette, Absyntbe, Congress Water. For sale low by BROWNING & KEATING, 35J Penn. avenue, near Sixth street. Massachusetts Clear Mess Fork For said low by BROWNING 4 KEATING, 353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.