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THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN is published EVEEY MORHINQ, (sbNDA'VS EXCEfTID,) On Seventh ttreet, near E, oppoilte.the General Post Office, by LEWIS GLEPHANE & CO. TEAMS. To city subscribers, lix cents par week, paya ble to the carriers. To mall subscribers, three dollars and fifty cents per annum, payablo In advance. RATES OF ADVERTISING..." One aqnan, three days- $l!6o One square, four days... ills One square, five days 1JS0 One square, six days- t........l.75 One square, two weeks "j.75 One square, three) weeks, ,.......;:.j1a 5S One square, 6na mouth '....... 4 0t One square, three months 10.00. One square, six months is 00 One square, one year .'. 30.00 Every other day and once a week advertise ments, fifty per cent, advance on the above. Inserted as reading matter, ten cents a Una. Church and other notices, and wants, twenty five cents for each insertion. Ten lines or less constitute a square. Vol. I. WASHINGTON, D. 0, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1861. No. 35. l ' PRICE ONE CENT. DON'T DO THAT TILL I AM DEAD." On the day of the meeting of the secessionists at Kingston, Georgia, a Revolutionary soldier returned to his residence In Cobb's county, on the railroad, though his eyes were so dim that he could not see veil, lie was told they were trying to get the people lo dissolve, or secede from the Union; whereupon he dropped his withered face, and seemed to he In deep distress for one or two minutes ; after which he raised up his head, and, with a faltering voice, said: " Oh, don't do that till I am dead!" While be uttered these words, the large tears chased' each other down his wayworn cheeks. He was told that a great number of men would try to prevent them, to which he replied : " Don't let them do that till I am dead I " Onr noble Union, let it stand, Nor one proud star its banner shed; But, should It fall by traitor's hand, " Don't leathern do it till I'm dead I " In youth my father's hearth was void ; For Its defence my arm outspread ; And now, that it must be destroyed, " Ob, don't do that till I am dead 1 " Thus spake an old and withered man, Whose bended form and whitened head Proclaimed him one of freedom's clan, Who bad, perchance, at Yorktown bled. Yes I palsied bo the heart that sprang From Revolutionary stock, Who dares to show D.sunton's fang, And our great Magna Obarta mock. Could but an unction from the souls Of those who fought at Freedom's brith Possess the hearts that wrath controls, And sweep away Ambition's dearth Then ne'er again should honored age Its warmest orisons repeat, That naught upon our country's page Should mark the path of traitor's feet. Thrice-glorious constellation, rise I Let not thy smallest star be dim ; Admit no comet in disguise, With mad, disorganizing whim. Out may our spangled flag still wave Oppression's foe and traitor's dread ; And thou, 0 God, vouchsafe to save, Till Liberty's last foe la dead I Extract fhov a Letter from Major An derson. The Trenton Gazette and HepuUi can contains the following extracts from a let ter received from Major Anderson by a friend of his in that city : " I left Fort Moultrie between five and six, P. M., and had my command here by eight o'clock the same evening." " How I do wish that you could have looked down upon us, when we threw the stars and stripes to the breeze, at twelve o'clock on the 27th. Onr chaplain thanked God for having brought us from our place of danger, ic, and prayed for our country, that that flag might long continue to wave over a united and happy people. The flag was then raised, the command presenting arms, and the band playing the " Star-Spangled Banner," after which three cheers were given for the flag, and threo for the Union. It was to me a solemn, and to all, a most interesting ceremony." A Model Report A Western paper gives the following model report of a Democratic meeting! At a public meetin' of the subscriber in his own diggins, held on the 15th ult., he called himself to the Chair, and the meetin' to order, and explained the objects ; whereupon a com mittee of the subscriber himself was " appinted " to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of the Bubjick of meetin . He went out & come in agin with the following Preamble & Resolu tions, to wit : Preamble Whereas, Resolved 1. Democracy is "oncertaiu" which side's up. Resolved 2. Resolved that John Happy in spect k report which side's up. Resolved 3. Resolved he report betwixt Douglai and nothin', with a decided preference for Douglas. The question on the third " resolved " was called for, and it was put, the vote being tied, the Chair give the " slantin' " vote for nothin', which was carried unanimous, and the meetin' " journed " up to Sindi amid deafnin' applause. Jouk Tiiott, Esq., Meeting &c. Whoever undertakes to put a joke on the razor-strop man is sure to get floored in the long run. Recently, whilo selling his strops, and expatiating the while on the evils of rum drinking, a tipsv fellow cried out! "If drinking rum mado me lie as fast as you do selling your strops, I'd quit it to dnv." " Very good," re plied the strop seller ; "the only difference be tween your lying and mine is this my strops enable me to lie in a good warm bed, while rum makes you lie in tne gutter. Expenses op Sootd; Carolina. The New York Kienimj Post has made an estimate of the expenses of their Government, should that State Beccde. Three regiments of troops would cost the first month $337,407, and about two nnd a third millions a year, not including am munition or forts. This would bo the cost of tho first step. Will the people bear the cost of those which must inevitably follow? Value of a Newspaper. A thin Bhawl may bo made wnim by folding a newspaper inside of it. The paper is impervious to the wind and cold air from outside, and prevents the rapid escape of tho warm air from beneath it. If you suffer from cold feet on a journoy, fold a piece of newspaper over your Blocking. This is bet ter than rubbers. If you are cold in bed, a newspaper spread under the upper cover will serve as an additional blanket. A man in lovo has very little need of victuals. So if your landlady doesn't givo you enough to cat, fall in love with her daughter. Organization of tne Departments. STATE DEPARTMKNT. The whote machinery employed to conduct the business arising out of i ur foreign relations with alt the Powers of the world is far more simple than is generally conceived. The number em ployed in the Department of State of the United States is only twenty-eight, as follows: One Sec retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cats,) one Assistant Secretary of State, (Hon. John Appleton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Diplomatic Branch This branch of the State Department has charge of all correspondence between the Department and other diplomatic agents of the Unite'1 States abroad, and those of foreign Powers accredited to this Government. In it all diplomatic instructions sent from the Department, and communications to commission-1 ers under treaties or boundaries, c, are pre pared, copied, and recorded ; and all of like char acter received are registered and filed, their con tents being first entered in an analytic table or index. Contular Branch. This branch has charge of the correspondence, etc., between tne Uepartment and the con uls and commercial agents of the United States. In it instructions to mote otllccrs, and answers to their dispatches and to letters rom other persons asking for consular agency, or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and recorded. The Disbursing Agent He has charge of all correspondence and other matters connected with accounts relating to any lund with the disburse ment of which the Department is charged. The Translator. His duties are to furnish such translations as the Dspartment may require. He also records the commissions of consuls and vice consuls, when not In Kngllsh, upon which exe quaturs arc Issued. Clerk of Appointment! and Committioni. He makes out and records commissions, lettirs of appointment, and nominations to the senate; makes out and records exequaturs, and records, when in English, the commissions on which they are Issued. Has charge of the library. Clerk of tht Rolls andArchivci He takes charge of the rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of Congress, as they are received at the Department from the President; prepares the authenticaied copies thereof which aie called for; prepares for, and superintends their publication, and that ot treaties, in tne newspapers and in uoohiortn; attends to their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all documents and pub lications in regird to which this duty Is assigned to the 1 epnrtment; writing and answering all letters connected therewith. Has cbarge of all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. Clerk of Territorial Business The Seal of the Department, $c He has charge of the seals of the United States and of the Department, and prepares and attaches certificates to papers pre sented for authentication ; has cbarge of the Ter ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea men ; records all letters from the Department, other than the diplomatic and consular. C.erk of Pardon and Passportr He prepares and records pardons aqd remissions; and regis ters and files the petitions and papers on which they are founded. Makes out and records pass ports ; keeps a dally register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, and of the disposition made of them ; prepares letters relating to this business. Superintendent of Statistic). He superintends the preparation of the " Annual Report of the Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as required by the acts of 1842 and 1850. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE. Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq, Assists ant. 1 be ordinary business of this office may be classified under the following heads : 1. Official opinions on the current business of the Government, aB called for by the President, by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor ot the Treasury. 2. Examination of the titles of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States 3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con viction in the courts ot the United States. 4. Applications tor appointment in all the ju dicial and legal business of the Government. 5. The conduct and argument of all suits In the Supreme Court of the United States in which the Uovernment is concerned. C The supervision of all other suits arising in any of tbe Departments, when referred by the head thereof to the Attorney General. . To these ordinary beads of the business of tbe office is added at the present time the direction of all appeals on land claims in California. INTF.UIOU DEPARTMENT. Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Hon. Jacob Thompson, of tbe State of Missis sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief Clerk, (Moses Kelly, Esq ,)twoDisburs ng Clerks, and ten other regular Cletks; and to Its super vision and management are conimitttd the fol lowing branches of the public service: lat. The Public Lands. The chief of this bu reau is called the Commissioner of the General Land Office. The Land Bureau is charged with the survey, management, and salo of the public domain, and the Issulngof titles therefor, whether derived from confirmations of grants made by former Governments, by sales, donations, of grants for schools, military bounties, or publlo improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir ginia military bounty-land claims, and the Issu ing of scrip in lieu thereof. The Land Office, also, audits its own accounts. The present Com missioner is Joseph S. Wilson, Its principal officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also acta as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk of Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant Draightsman,and some 100 Clerks of various grades. 2d. Pensions The present head of this bureau is George 0. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com missioner is charged w th the examinat on and adjudication of all claims arising under the va rious and numerous laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions for tbe mili tary or naval services in the revolutionary and i ubsequent wars in which the United States have been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting of some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs, A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He Is provided with a Chief Clerk, and about fifteen other sub ordinate Clerks. 4th. Patent Office. Hon. Philip F. Thomas, of Maryland, uommlssinner ot ratcnts. To mis bureau is committed tbe execution and perform ance of all " acts and things touching and re specting the granting and issuing of patents for new and useful discoveries, Inventions, and im provemants;" the collection of statistical rela ting to agriculture; the collection and distribu tion of seeds, plants, nnd cuttings. It has a Chief Clerk who is by law the acting Commis sioner of Patents in the absence of tbe Commis sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant Examiners of Patents, some dozen subordinate permanent Clerks, besides a consid rable num ber of temporary employees. Samui 1 T. Shu gert, Esq., Chief Clerk. An act passed at the last session of Congress prov ded that all books, maps, charts, and other publications, heretofore, deposited la tbe De partment of State, according to the laws regula t ng copyrights, should be removed to tbe De partment ol the Interior, which Is charged with all tbe duties connected with matters pertaining to copyright; which duties have been assigned by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of fice, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of the service. Besidra these four principal branches of this new Executive Department, the organic act of 1849 transferred to It from the Treasury Depart ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and the Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage ment of the lead and other mines of the United States, aid the affairs of the penitentiary of the United States in the District of Columbia; and from the State Department the duty of taking and returning the censuses of the Uni ed States, and of supervising nnd directing the acts of the Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi tal for the insane of the army and navy nnd of the District of Columbia is also under the man. agtment of ibis Department; in addition to which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of the Interior Is charged with the construction of the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific coast. Under act of February 5, 1859, " providing for keeping and distributing all public documents, all the books, documents, 4c, printed or pur chased by tbe Government," the Annals of Con gress, American State Papers, American Ar chives, Jefierson's and Adams's Works, are transferred to this Department from the Mnto Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere; also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty Dth Congress. These valuable works are dis trib ited to those who are by law entitled to re ceive them, and to such " colleges, public llbri ries, athemcums, literary and scientific Institu tions, boards or trade, or public associations," as shall be designated by the members of Con gress. The Department requires an additional build ing for its accommodation, nnd the erection of oue lias been repeatedly recommended during the last few jeHrs for thnt purpose. At present, the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what is known as " Winder's Building," while the other branches cf the Department, Including the Secretary's office, are all crowded into tbe Patent Office building, tbe wi.ole of which "ill be re quired at an early day tor the use of tho Patent Office, lor which it was originally Intended. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. The Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house Board, and Coast Survey. The following is a brief Indication of the duties of these several offices, and of the force employ ed therein, respectively : Secretary's Office Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre tary of the Treasury is charged with the general supervision of the hscal transactions of the Gov ernment, and of the execution of tbe laws con cerning tbe commerce and navigation of tbe United States. He superintends tbe survey of tho coast, the light-house establishment, the ma rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con struction of certain public buildings for custom houses and other purposes. First Comptroller's Office. lion. William Me dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre scribes the modo of keeping and rendering ac couvjji for the civil and diplomatic service, as well as the public lands, and revises and certifies tbe balances arising thereon. Second Comptroller's Office. J. M. Cutts, Esq , Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of the public service, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel Ineham. Esq . Commissioner, and eleven Clerks. He prescribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis bursements, and for the building and repairing custom-houses, 4c, and revises aud certifies the balances arising thereon, iirjl Auditor's Office Thomas L. Smith, Esq., First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. lie receives and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue nnd disbursements, appropriations and expend itures on account ot tbe civil list, and under private acts of Congress, and reports fLe balances to the Commissioner of the Customs and the First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision thereon. Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller, Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the pay, clothing, aud recruiting of the army, as well as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac counts relating to the Indian department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinson, Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks lie receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist ence of the army, fortifications. Military Acad emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising Irom military services previous to 1816, and for bo sea nnd other property lost In the militnry service, under various acts of OongreSB, and re ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, lor his decision thereon. Fourth Auditor's Office. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq., Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for tho service of the Navy Department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Fifth Auditor's Office Bartholomew Tuller, Esq , Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts ail accounts for diplomatic aud similar services performed under the direc tion of the State Department, and reports the balances to the First Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Sixth Auditor's Office Dr. Thomas M. Tate, Auditor of tho Treasury for tho Post Office De partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks. Ho receives and adjusts all accounts arising from the service of the Post Office Department. His decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken In twelve months to the First Comptroller. He superintends tho collection of all debts due the Post Office Department, and all penalties and forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mall con tractors for falling to do thtlr duty ; be directs suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal, nnd takes all such measures as may be author ized by law to enforce tbe prompt payment of moneys due to the Department; Instructing Uni ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on nil matters relating thereto; and receives returns from each term of the United States courts, of the condition and progress of such suits and legal proceedings; has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States in pay ment of debts due tbe Post Office Department, and has power to sell and dispose of the same for the benefit of the United States. Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps the' moneys of tbe United States in his own office, and that of the depositories created by the act ot the Cth of August, 1848, and pays out the same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp troller, and npon warrants drawn by tbe Post master General, and countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, nnd recorded by the lleglster. He also holds public moneys advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon their checks. Register's Office Flnley Bigger, Esq., Register, and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps the accounts of publlo rereipts and expenditures ; receives the returna and makes out the official statement of cotnmrrco and navigation of the United States ; and receives from the First Comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers decided by them, and is charged by Ian with their safe keeping. Solicitor'sOffice. Hon. Junius Hillycr, Solicitor, and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits commenced by tbe United States, except those arising m the Post Office Department,) and instructs the United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, in all matters relating to them and their results. He receives returns from each term of the United States courts, showing the progress and condition of such suits ; has charge ot all lands and other property assigned to the United States in payment of debts, (except those assigned in payment of debts due the Post Office Department,) and ha power to sell and dispose of the eame forthe benefit of tbe United States. Light-House Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasuryrz-oyicio President; Com. W. B. Shubrick, United States Navy, Chairman : Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy; Major A. II. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni ted States Army ; Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army; Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith sonian Institution ; Prof. A. 1). Bache, Super intendent of tbe Coast Survey ; Commander Ra phael Semmes, Uulted States Navy, and Captain W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, members, the last two being also Secretaries ; and fire Clerks. This board directs tbe building and repairing of light- bouses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of the establishment. United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D. Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the Coast Surrey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Army, Assistant. Assistaut W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Chas. A. Schott, In charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal division. Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army, in charge of drawing division. Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en graving division. Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, in charge of miscellaneous divisions. Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent. George Matblot, Electrotyplst. Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights and Measures. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. Tbe direction and management of the Post Office De partment are assigned by the Constitution and laws to tbo Postmaster General. That its busi ness may be the more conveniently arranged and prepared fur his hnal action, it is distributed araooe several bureaus, as follows : The Ap pointment Office, in charge of tbe First Assistant Postmaster General; the Contract Office, in charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, In cbarge of the Third Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec tion Office, in charge of tbe Chief Clerk. Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq , First Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions which relate to the establishment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes of sites aud names, appointment and removal of postmasters and route and local agents, as also the giving of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are furnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balances by this bureau, which is charged also with providing blanks and stationery for the use ol the Department, and with the superin tendence of tho several agencies established for supplying postmasters with blanks. To this bureau is likewise assigned the supervision of the ocean mail steamship lines, and of the foreign and international postal arrangements. Contract Office William II. Dundas, Esq, Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six clerks. To this office is assigned the business of arranging the mall service of the United States, and placing the same under con tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed ings respecting the frequency of trips, modo of conveyance, nnd times of departures nnd arri vals on oil the routes ; the course of the mall between the different sections of the country, the points of mall distribution, and tbe regula tions for tbe government of the domestic mall service of the United States. It prepares the advertisements for mall proposals, receives the bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa sional mall lettlugs, and the adjustment and exe cution of the contracts. All applications for tbe establishment or alteration ot mail arrange ments, and the appointment ot Mail Messengers, should be Bent to ihls office. All claims should be submitted to it for transportation service not under contract, as the recognition of said service is first to be obtained through the Contract Office, as a necessary authority for the proper credits at tbe Auditor's Office. From this office all postmasters at the ends of routes receive the statement of mall arrangements prescribed for tbe respective routes. It reports weekly to tbe Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders affecting accounts for mail transportation ; pre pares the statistical exhibits of the mall service, and the reports of the mail Idlings, giving a statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts made, the new service originated, the curtail ments ordered, and the additional allowances granted within the year. Finance Office A. N. Zevely, Esq., Third As sistant Postmaster General, aud twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management of the financial business of the Department, not devolved by law upon tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the Issuing of warrants and drafts in payment of balances reported by tbe Auditor to be dne to mail contractors nnd other persons, the supervis ion of the accounts of offices under orders to deposit their quarterly balAces at deslgna'ed points, and tbe superintendence of the rendition by postmasters of their quarterly returns of postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter Office, of the Issuing of postage Btamps and stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post age, and of the accounts connected therewith. To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all postmasters should direct their quarterly returns of postage; those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly Jhe net proceeds of their offices; aud those at depositing offices, their cer tificates of deposit; to him should also be di rected tho weekly and monthly returns of the depositaries of the Department, as well as all applications and receipts for postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Inspection Office. Benj. N. Cements, Eq , Chiet Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this oDice is assigned the duty of receiving and examining the registers of the arrivals and departures of the malls, certificates of the service of route agents, nnd reports of mall failures ; of noting the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing cases thereon for tbe action of the Postmaster General ; furnishing blanks fcr mall registers, and reports of mall failures; providing nnd sending out mull bags an 1 mall locks and keys, and doing nil other things which may be neces sary to secure a faithtul and exuet performance of all mall contracts. All cases of mall depredation, of violation of law by private expresses, or by the forging or illegal uje of postage stam s, are under the su pervision of this office, and Bhould be reported to It. All communications respecting lost money, letters, mall depredations, or other violations ef law, or mall locks and keys, should be directed, "Chief Clerk, Post Office Department." All registers of the arrivals and departures of the mails, certificates of the service of route agents, reports of mail failures, applications for blank regliters, and reports of failures, and all complaint) against contractors for irregular ur imperfect service, should be directed, "Inspection Office, Post Office Department." NAVY DEPARTMENT. The Nary Department consists of the Navy Department proper, being the office of the Sec retary andot live bureaus attacbed tbereto, viz : llure.vu of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography, and tbe Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The following is a statement of the duties of each of these offices, and of the force employed therein: Secretary's Office. Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq, Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary of the Navy has charge of everything connected with the naval establishment, and the execution of all laws relating thereto is Intrusted to him, under tho general direction of tbe President of tbe United States, who, by the Constitution, is Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy. All Instructions to commanders of squadrons and commanders of vessels, all orders ot oOiccrs, commissions of officers both in the navy and marine corps, appointments of commissioned and warrant officers, orders for the enllitment and discharge of seamen, emanate from tbe Sec retary's Office. All the duties of the different bureaus are perform' d under the authority of the Secretary, and their orders are considered as emanating from him. The general superin tendence ot the marine corps form) also a part of the ddtlcs of the Secretary, and all the orders of the commandant of that corps 6bould be ap proved by him. Bureau of JVflty Yards and Docks. Commo dore Joseph Smith, Chief of tbe Bureau, four Clerks, one Civil Knginetr, and one Draughtsman. All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build ings and machinery in navy yards, and every thing immediately connected with them, are under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is also chajged with the management of the Naval Asylum. Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re pair. John Lentball, Esq , Chlet of the Bureau, eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office of the Enginecr-ln-cbief of the Navy, Samuel Archbold, Esq , is attached to this bureau, who is assisted by three assistant engineer!. This bureau has charge of the building and repairs of all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the providing of all vessels with their equipments, as Bails, anchors, water tanks, tea. The Engl-necr-in-chlef superintends tho construction of all marine steam engines for the navy, and, with tbe approval of the Secretary, decides upon plans for their construction. Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. n. Bridge, Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for the use of tbe navy, and clothing, together with the making of contracts for furnishing the same, como under the charge of this bureau. Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt. Duncan Ingrohnm, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks, and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge of all ordnance aud ordnance stores, the manu facture1 or purchase of cannon, guns, powder, shot, shells, Ac, and the equipment of vessels of war, with everything connected therewith. It also provides them with maps, charts, chronom eters, barometers, &c , together with such books as aro furnished ships of war. "The United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, are also under the general super intendence of the Chief of this Bureau. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery Dr. William Whelan, burgeon United States Navy, Chief of Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos pitals, comas within the superintendence of this bureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R. Drinkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mea- scngers, and one Laborer. The following bu reaus are attacbed to this Department. Cormmding Oenerati Office. This office, at the bead of which is Lieutenant General Bcoti, is at New York. Adjutant Oenerati Office. CoL Samuel Coop, er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. 5. Townseud, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo cate, Major John F. Leei; ten Clerks and ona Messenger. In this office are kept all the records which refer to the personnel of tbe army, the rolls, ic It is here that all military commis sions are made out Quartermaster GeneraVt Office. Brevet Major General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Itajor H. C. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger; eleven Clerks and one Messenger. Paymaster Generals Office. Col. B. V. Larned, Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes senger. Commissary Generals Office. General George Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt. A. E. Shlras ; six Clerks and one Messenger. Burgeon OeneraVt Office. Ota. TbomaVLaw bou, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. 0. Wood ; three Clerks and one Messenger. Engineer Office Gen. Joseph O. Totten, Chief Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; five Clerks and one Messenger. Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Aberl, Colo nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. 1. 0. Wood ruff; five Clerks and ono Messeuger. Ordnance Bureau. Col. H. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnance; Assistant, Cant. William Mayna dier; eight Clerks and one Messenger. AT FRANCIS'S HOUSE-FUBNISHING sTCOBE, 490 Seventh ttreet," OU can find a complete assortment of House keeping Hardware, Cutlery, bilver-plated Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware, Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks, and all tbe useful articles for Housekeeping, together with Ladles' Satchels, Card Cases, Purses, Faus, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, Ac, sic , all selected with great care, bought for cash, and will be Bold at the very lowest prices Purchasers will do well to remember FRANCIS'S House-Furnishing Store, No. 490 Seventh street, nor 20' "1INC0IH" STOMACH BITTEBS." ONLY sold at the store of W. Gerecke, on Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-and-a-half and Sixth streets. Also, a great supply just imported ol Switz and Linburg Cheese, Bar delles, Sardines, Holt. Herrings, &c, for sale. liov .10 W. GERECKE. THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER WHO'S PRESIDENT I CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain in Wash ington, and continue to pursue my occu pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL PAINTING. Gilding in all Its branches. Old Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in tbe best style. I also call attention to the Painting of Roofs and Brick Walls. All of the above I will do as cheap as the cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of my friends and fellow citizens of the District. Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in the best manner. You will please mlud your stops, and stop at M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1 53 1 1 53 1 1 1 Louisiana avenue, north side, be tween Sixth and eventb streets. P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual. nov 20 STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY, Corner of Indiana avenue and S cond street, Washington, V. O. BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A variety of Business Cuts on band, for sale, cheap for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper. JOHN LANGE, Practical Chronometer, Clock, and Watch-maker, 437 Seventh street, bet. Q and H, informs bis customers and the pub lic In general, that he has just re ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent and Detached Levers, Lepine, Duplex, and other Watches; also, nne rrencn Ulocks, Jewelry Ac. Attends promptly to the Repairing of fine Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 29 lm A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who has four or five hours of spare time per day, wishes to get an engagement in drawing maps, charts, Ac. Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, be tween D and E. dec 18 WANTED. A young man, twenty years of age, who has bad considerable experience in such matters, wishes to obtain a situation as clerk or salesman In a store. Can furnish the best city reference. Address " G. E. R.," City Post Office. 'dec 21 J. J. COOMBS, Attorney and Counsellor atLaw, WILL practice In the local Courts of this District, and in the Supreme Court and Court of Claims. Office at the corner of Indi ana avenue and Second street. Wines, Brandies, &o. Choice Old Madeira, Duff Gordon Sherry, Old LD Port, Fine Table Madeira, Old Carasquedo Sherry, Superior Brandies, Fine Old India Madeira, (a very superior article, not usually found In this market.) Curaco, Maraschlo, Annesette, Absynthe, Congress Water. For sale low by BROWNING k KEATING, 353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street. Massachusetts Clear Mess Fork For sale low by BROWNING & KEATING, 353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.