THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN
On Seventh ttreet, near E, oppoilte.the General
Post Office, by
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One square, one year .'. 30.00
Every other day and once a week advertise
ments, fifty per cent, advance on the above.
Inserted as reading matter, ten cents a Una.
Church and other notices, and wants, twenty
five cents for each insertion.
Ten lines or less constitute a square.
Vol. I. WASHINGTON, D. 0, TUESDAY, JANUARY 8, 1861. No. 35.
l ' PRICE ONE CENT.
DON'T DO THAT TILL I AM DEAD."
On the day of the meeting of the secessionists
at Kingston, Georgia, a Revolutionary soldier
returned to his residence In Cobb's county, on
the railroad, though his eyes were so dim that
he could not see veil, lie was told they were
trying to get the people lo dissolve, or secede
from the Union; whereupon he dropped his
withered face, and seemed to he In deep distress
for one or two minutes ; after which he raised
up his head, and, with a faltering voice, said:
" Oh, don't do that till I am dead!" While be
uttered these words, the large tears chased' each
other down his wayworn cheeks. He was told
that a great number of men would try to prevent
them, to which he replied : " Don't let them do
that till I am dead I "
Onr noble Union, let it stand,
Nor one proud star its banner shed;
But, should It fall by traitor's hand,
" Don't leathern do it till I'm dead I "
In youth my father's hearth was void ;
For Its defence my arm outspread ;
And now, that it must be destroyed,
" Ob, don't do that till I am dead 1 "
Thus spake an old and withered man,
Whose bended form and whitened head
Proclaimed him one of freedom's clan,
Who bad, perchance, at Yorktown bled.
Yes I palsied bo the heart that sprang
From Revolutionary stock,
Who dares to show D.sunton's fang,
And our great Magna Obarta mock.
Could but an unction from the souls
Of those who fought at Freedom's brith
Possess the hearts that wrath controls,
And sweep away Ambition's dearth
Then ne'er again should honored age
Its warmest orisons repeat,
That naught upon our country's page
Should mark the path of traitor's feet.
Thrice-glorious constellation, rise I
Let not thy smallest star be dim ;
Admit no comet in disguise,
With mad, disorganizing whim.
Out may our spangled flag still wave
Oppression's foe and traitor's dread ;
And thou, 0 God, vouchsafe to save,
Till Liberty's last foe la dead I
Extract fhov a Letter from Major An
derson. The Trenton Gazette and HepuUi
can contains the following extracts from a let
ter received from Major Anderson by a friend
of his in that city :
" I left Fort Moultrie between five and six,
P. M., and had my command here by eight
o'clock the same evening." " How
I do wish that you could have looked down
upon us, when we threw the stars and stripes to
the breeze, at twelve o'clock on the 27th. Onr
chaplain thanked God for having brought us
from our place of danger, ic, and prayed for
our country, that that flag might long continue
to wave over a united and happy people. The
flag was then raised, the command presenting
arms, and the band playing the " Star-Spangled
Banner," after which three cheers were given
for the flag, and threo for the Union. It was
to me a solemn, and to all, a most interesting
A Model Report A Western paper gives
the following model report of a Democratic
At a public meetin' of the subscriber in his
own diggins, held on the 15th ult., he called
himself to the Chair, and the meetin' to order,
and explained the objects ; whereupon a com
mittee of the subscriber himself was " appinted "
to draft resolutions expressive of the sense of
the Bubjick of meetin . He went out & come
in agin with the following Preamble & Resolu
tions, to wit :
Resolved 1. Democracy is "oncertaiu"
which side's up.
Resolved 2. Resolved that John Happy in
spect k report which side's up.
Resolved 3. Resolved he report betwixt
Douglai and nothin', with a decided preference
The question on the third " resolved " was
called for, and it was put, the vote being tied,
the Chair give the " slantin' " vote for nothin',
which was carried unanimous, and the meetin'
" journed " up to Sindi amid deafnin' applause.
Jouk Tiiott, Esq., Meeting &c.
Whoever undertakes to put a joke on the
razor-strop man is sure to get floored in the
long run. Recently, whilo selling his strops,
and expatiating the while on the evils of rum
drinking, a tipsv fellow cried out! "If drinking
rum mado me lie as fast as you do selling your
strops, I'd quit it to dnv." " Very good," re
plied the strop seller ; "the only difference be
tween your lying and mine is this my strops
enable me to lie in a good warm bed, while rum
makes you lie in tne gutter.
Expenses op Sootd; Carolina. The New
York Kienimj Post has made an estimate of
the expenses of their Government, should that
State Beccde. Three regiments of troops would
cost the first month $337,407, and about two
nnd a third millions a year, not including am
munition or forts. This would bo the cost of
tho first step. Will the people bear the cost of
those which must inevitably follow?
Value of a Newspaper. A thin Bhawl may
bo made wnim by folding a newspaper inside
of it. The paper is impervious to the wind and
cold air from outside, and prevents the rapid
escape of tho warm air from beneath it. If you
suffer from cold feet on a journoy, fold a piece
of newspaper over your Blocking. This is bet
ter than rubbers. If you are cold in bed, a
newspaper spread under the upper cover will
serve as an additional blanket.
A man in lovo has very little need of victuals.
So if your landlady doesn't givo you enough to
cat, fall in love with her daughter.
Organization of tne Departments.
The whote machinery employed to conduct the
business arising out of i ur foreign relations with
alt the Powers of the world is far more simple
than is generally conceived. The number em
ployed in the Department of State of the United
States is only twenty-eight, as follows: One Sec
retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cats,) one Assistant
Secretary of State, (Hon. John Appleton,) one
Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics,
twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li
brarian. Diplomatic Branch This branch of the State
Department has charge of all correspondence
between the Department and other diplomatic
agents of the Unite'1 States abroad, and those of
foreign Powers accredited to this Government.
In it all diplomatic instructions sent from the
Department, and communications to commission-1
ers under treaties or boundaries, c, are pre
pared, copied, and recorded ; and all of like char
acter received are registered and filed, their con
tents being first entered in an analytic table or
Contular Branch. This branch has charge of
the correspondence, etc., between tne Uepartment
and the con uls and commercial agents of the
United States. In it instructions to mote otllccrs,
and answers to their dispatches and to letters
rom other persons asking for consular agency,
or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and
The Disbursing Agent He has charge of all
correspondence and other matters connected with
accounts relating to any lund with the disburse
ment of which the Department is charged.
The Translator. His duties are to furnish such
translations as the Dspartment may require. He
also records the commissions of consuls and vice
consuls, when not In Kngllsh, upon which exe
quaturs arc Issued.
Clerk of Appointment! and Committioni. He
makes out and records commissions, lettirs of
appointment, and nominations to the senate;
makes out and records exequaturs, and records,
when in English, the commissions on which they
are Issued. Has charge of the library.
Clerk of tht Rolls andArchivci He takes charge
of the rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of
Congress, as they are received at the Department
from the President; prepares the authenticaied
copies thereof which aie called for; prepares for,
and superintends their publication, and that ot
treaties, in tne newspapers and in uoohiortn;
attends to their distribution throughout the
United States, and that of all documents and pub
lications in regird to which this duty Is assigned
to the 1 epnrtment; writing and answering all
letters connected therewith. Has cbarge of all
Indian treaties, and business relating thereto.
Clerk of Territorial Business The Seal of the
Department, $c He has charge of the seals of
the United States and of the Department, and
prepares and attaches certificates to papers pre
sented for authentication ; has cbarge of the Ter
ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea
men ; records all letters from the Department,
other than the diplomatic and consular.
C.erk of Pardon and Passportr He prepares
and records pardons aqd remissions; and regis
ters and files the petitions and papers on which
they are founded. Makes out and records pass
ports ; keeps a dally register of all letters, other
than diplomatic and consular, received, and of
the disposition made of them ; prepares letters
relating to this business.
Superintendent of Statistic). He superintends
the preparation of the " Annual Report of the
Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as
required by the acts of 1842 and 1850.
ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of
the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq, Assists
ant. 1 be ordinary business of this office may be
classified under the following heads :
1. Official opinions on the current business of
the Government, aB called for by the President,
by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor
ot the Treasury.
2. Examination of the titles of all land pur
chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses,
light-houses, and all other public works of the
3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con
viction in the courts ot the United States.
4. Applications tor appointment in all the ju
dicial and legal business of the Government.
5. The conduct and argument of all suits In
the Supreme Court of the United States in which
the Uovernment is concerned.
C The supervision of all other suits arising in
any of tbe Departments, when referred by the
head thereof to the Attorney General. .
To these ordinary beads of the business of tbe
office is added at the present time the direction
of all appeals on land claims in California.
Secretary of the Department of the Interior,
Hon. Jacob Thompson, of tbe State of Missis
sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief
Clerk, (Moses Kelly, Esq ,)twoDisburs ng Clerks,
and ten other regular Cletks; and to Its super
vision and management are conimitttd the fol
lowing branches of the public service:
lat. The Public Lands. The chief of this bu
reau is called the Commissioner of the General
Land Office. The Land Bureau is charged with
the survey, management, and salo of the public
domain, and the Issulngof titles therefor, whether
derived from confirmations of grants made by
former Governments, by sales, donations, of
grants for schools, military bounties, or publlo
improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir
ginia military bounty-land claims, and the Issu
ing of scrip in lieu thereof. The Land Office,
also, audits its own accounts. The present Com
missioner is Joseph S. Wilson, Its principal
officers are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also
acta as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk
of Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant
Draightsman,and some 100 Clerks of various
2d. Pensions The present head of this bureau
is George 0. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com
missioner is charged w th the examinat on and
adjudication of all claims arising under the va
rious and numerous laws passed by Congress
granting bounty land or pensions for tbe mili
tary or naval services in the revolutionary and
i ubsequent wars in which the United States have
been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John
Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting
of some seventy other Clerks.
3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He Is provided
with a Chief Clerk, and about fifteen other sub
4th. Patent Office. Hon. Philip F. Thomas, of
Maryland, uommlssinner ot ratcnts. To mis
bureau is committed tbe execution and perform
ance of all " acts and things touching and re
specting the granting and issuing of patents for
new and useful discoveries, Inventions, and im
provemants;" the collection of statistical rela
ting to agriculture; the collection and distribu
tion of seeds, plants, nnd cuttings. It has a
Chief Clerk who is by law the acting Commis
sioner of Patents in the absence of tbe Commis
sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant
Examiners of Patents, some dozen subordinate
permanent Clerks, besides a consid rable num
ber of temporary employees. Samui 1 T. Shu
gert, Esq., Chief Clerk.
An act passed at the last session of Congress
prov ded that all books, maps, charts, and other
publications, heretofore, deposited la tbe De
partment of State, according to the laws regula
t ng copyrights, should be removed to tbe De
partment ol the Interior, which Is charged with
all tbe duties connected with matters pertaining
to copyright; which duties have been assigned
by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of
fice, as belonging most appropriately to this
branch of the service.
Besidra these four principal branches of this
new Executive Department, the organic act of
1849 transferred to It from the Treasury Depart
ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni
ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and the
Clerks of the United States Courts, the manage
ment of the lead and other mines of the United
States, aid the affairs of the penitentiary of the
United States in the District of Columbia; and
from the State Department the duty of taking
and returning the censuses of the Uni ed States,
and of supervising nnd directing the acts of the
Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi
tal for the insane of the army and navy nnd of
the District of Columbia is also under the man.
agtment of ibis Department; in addition to
which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of
the Interior Is charged with the construction of
the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific
Under act of February 5, 1859, " providing for
keeping and distributing all public documents,
all the books, documents, 4c, printed or pur
chased by tbe Government," the Annals of Con
gress, American State Papers, American Ar
chives, Jefierson's and Adams's Works, are
transferred to this Department from the Mnto
Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere;
also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty
Dth Congress. These valuable works are dis
trib ited to those who are by law entitled to re
ceive them, and to such " colleges, public llbri
ries, athemcums, literary and scientific Institu
tions, boards or trade, or public associations,"
as shall be designated by the members of Con
gress. The Department requires an additional build
ing for its accommodation, nnd the erection of
oue lias been repeatedly recommended during
the last few jeHrs for thnt purpose. At present,
the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what
is known as " Winder's Building," while the
other branches cf the Department, Including the
Secretary's office, are all crowded into tbe Patent
Office building, tbe wi.ole of which "ill be re
quired at an early day tor the use of tho Patent
Office, lor which it was originally Intended.
The Treasury Department consists of the offi
ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp
trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au
ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house
Board, and Coast Survey.
The following is a brief Indication of the duties
of these several offices, and of the force employ ed
therein, respectively :
Secretary's Office Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre
tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist
ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one
Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily
employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre
tary of the Treasury is charged with the general
supervision of the hscal transactions of the Gov
ernment, and of the execution of tbe laws con
cerning tbe commerce and navigation of tbe
United States. He superintends tbe survey of
tho coast, the light-house establishment, the ma
rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con
struction of certain public buildings for custom
houses and other purposes.
First Comptroller's Office. lion. William Me
dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre
scribes the modo of keeping and rendering ac
couvjji for the civil and diplomatic service, as
well as the public lands, and revises and certifies
tbe balances arising thereon.
Second Comptroller's Office. J. M. Cutts, Esq ,
Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes
tbe mode of keeping and rendering the accounts
of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of
the public service, and revises and certifies the
balances arising thereon.
Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel
Ineham. Esq . Commissioner, and eleven Clerks.
He prescribes tbe mode of keeping and rendering
the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis
bursements, and for the building and repairing
custom-houses, 4c, and revises aud certifies the
balances arising thereon,
iirjl Auditor's Office Thomas L. Smith, Esq.,
First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. lie receives
and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue
nnd disbursements, appropriations and expend
itures on account ot tbe civil list, and under
private acts of Congress, and reports fLe balances
to the Commissioner of the Customs and the
First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision
Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller,
Second Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the
pay, clothing, aud recruiting of the army, as well
as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac
counts relating to the Indian department, and
reports the balances to the Second Comptroller,
for bis decision thereon.
Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinson,
Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks
lie receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist
ence of the army, fortifications. Military Acad
emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de
partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising
Irom military services previous to 1816, and for
bo sea nnd other property lost In the militnry
service, under various acts of OongreSB, and re
ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, lor
his decision thereon.
Fourth Auditor's Office. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq.,
Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives
and adjusts all accounts for tho service of the
Navy Department, and reports the balances to
the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon.
Fifth Auditor's Office Bartholomew Tuller,
Esq , Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re
ceives and adjusts ail accounts for diplomatic
aud similar services performed under the direc
tion of the State Department, and reports the
balances to the First Comptroller, for bis decision
Sixth Auditor's Office Dr. Thomas M. Tate,
Auditor of tho Treasury for tho Post Office De
partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks.
Ho receives and adjusts all accounts arising from
the service of the Post Office Department. His
decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken In
twelve months to the First Comptroller. He
superintends tho collection of all debts due the
Post Office Department, and all penalties and
forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mall con
tractors for falling to do thtlr duty ; be directs
suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal,
nnd takes all such measures as may be author
ized by law to enforce tbe prompt payment of
moneys due to the Department; Instructing Uni
ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on nil
matters relating thereto; and receives returns
from each term of the United States courts, of the
condition and progress of such suits and legal
proceedings; has charge of all lands and other
property assigned to the United States in pay
ment of debts due tbe Post Office Department,
and has power to sell and dispose of the same
for the benefit of the United States.
Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas
urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps
the' moneys of tbe United States in his own
office, and that of the depositories created by the
act ot the Cth of August, 1848, and pays out the
same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of
the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp
troller, and npon warrants drawn by tbe Post
master General, and countersigned by the Sixth
Auditor, nnd recorded by the lleglster. He also
holds public moneys advanced by warrant to
disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon
Register's Office Flnley Bigger, Esq., Register,
and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps the accounts
of publlo rereipts and expenditures ; receives
the returna and makes out the official statement
of cotnmrrco and navigation of the United States ;
and receives from the First Comptroller and
Commissioner of Customs all accounts and
vouchers decided by them, and is charged by
Ian with their safe keeping.
Solicitor'sOffice. Hon. Junius Hillycr, Solicitor,
and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits
commenced by tbe United States, except those
arising m the Post Office Department,) and instructs
the United States attorneys, marshals, and
clerks, in all matters relating to them and their
results. He receives returns from each term of
the United States courts, showing the progress
and condition of such suits ; has charge ot all
lands and other property assigned to the United
States in payment of debts, (except those assigned
in payment of debts due the Post Office Department,)
and ha power to sell and dispose of the eame
forthe benefit of tbe United States.
Light-House Board. Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec
retary of the Treasuryrz-oyicio President; Com.
W. B. Shubrick, United States Navy, Chairman :
Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy;
Major A. II. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni
ted States Army ; Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps
Topographical Engineers, United States Army;
Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith
sonian Institution ; Prof. A. 1). Bache, Super
intendent of tbe Coast Survey ; Commander Ra
phael Semmes, Uulted States Navy, and Captain
W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers,
United States Army, members, the last two being
also Secretaries ; and fire Clerks. This board
directs tbe building and repairing of light-
bouses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con
tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of
United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D.
Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend
ent of Weights and Measures.
Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical
Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the
Coast Surrey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United
States Army, Assistant.
Assistaut W. P. Trowbridge, computer of
Assistant Chas. A. Schott, In charge of com
Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal
Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army,
in charge of drawing division.
Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en
Lieut. John R. Smead, United States Army, in
charge of miscellaneous divisions.
Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent.
George Matblot, Electrotyplst.
Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of
Weights and Measures.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. Tbe
direction and management of the Post Office De
partment are assigned by the Constitution and
laws to tbo Postmaster General. That its busi
ness may be the more conveniently arranged and
prepared fur his hnal action, it is distributed
araooe several bureaus, as follows : The Ap
pointment Office, in charge of tbe First Assistant
Postmaster General; the Contract Office, in
charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; the Finance Office, In cbarge of the Third
Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec
tion Office, in charge of tbe Chief Clerk.
Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq , First
Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen
Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions
which relate to the establishment and discon
tinuance of post offices, changes of sites aud
names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and route and local agents, as also the giving
of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are
furnished with marking and rating stamps and
letter balances by this bureau, which is charged
also with providing blanks and stationery for
the use ol the Department, and with the superin
tendence of tho several agencies established for
supplying postmasters with blanks. To this
bureau is likewise assigned the supervision of
the ocean mail steamship lines, and of the foreign
and international postal arrangements.
Contract Office William II. Dundas, Esq,
Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six
clerks. To this office is assigned the
business of arranging the mall service of the
United States, and placing the same under con
tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed
ings respecting the frequency of trips, modo of
conveyance, nnd times of departures nnd arri
vals on oil the routes ; the course of the mall
between the different sections of the country,
the points of mall distribution, and tbe regula
tions for tbe government of the domestic mall
service of the United States. It prepares the
advertisements for mall proposals, receives the
bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa
sional mall lettlugs, and the adjustment and exe
cution of the contracts. All applications for
tbe establishment or alteration ot mail arrange
ments, and the appointment ot Mail Messengers,
should be Bent to ihls office. All claims should
be submitted to it for transportation service not
under contract, as the recognition of said service
is first to be obtained through the Contract
Office, as a necessary authority for the proper
credits at tbe Auditor's Office. From this office
all postmasters at the ends of routes receive the
statement of mall arrangements prescribed for
tbe respective routes. It reports weekly to tbe
Auditor all contracts executed, and all orders
affecting accounts for mail transportation ; pre
pares the statistical exhibits of the mall service,
and the reports of the mail Idlings, giving a
statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts
made, the new service originated, the curtail
ments ordered, and the additional allowances
granted within the year.
Finance Office A. N. Zevely, Esq., Third As
sistant Postmaster General, aud twenty-one
clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis
ion and management of the financial business
of the Department, not devolved by law upon
tbe Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft
offices and other depositaries of the Department,
the Issuing of warrants and drafts in payment
of balances reported by tbe Auditor to be dne to
mail contractors nnd other persons, the supervis
ion of the accounts of offices under orders to
deposit their quarterly balAces at deslgna'ed
points, and tbe superintendence of the rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly returns of
postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter
Office, of the Issuing of postage Btamps and
stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post
age, and of the accounts connected therewith.
To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all
postmasters should direct their quarterly returns
of postage; those at draft offices, their letters
reporting quarterly Jhe net proceeds of their
offices; aud those at depositing offices, their cer
tificates of deposit; to him should also be di
rected tho weekly and monthly returns of the
depositaries of the Department, as well as all
applications and receipts for postage stamps and
stamped envelopes, and for dead letters.
Inspection Office. Benj. N. Cements, Eq ,
Chiet Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this oDice
is assigned the duty of receiving and examining
the registers of the arrivals and departures of
the malls, certificates of the service of route
agents, nnd reports of mall failures ; of noting
the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing
cases thereon for tbe action of the Postmaster
General ; furnishing blanks fcr mall registers,
and reports of mall failures; providing nnd
sending out mull bags an 1 mall locks and keys,
and doing nil other things which may be neces
sary to secure a faithtul and exuet performance
of all mall contracts.
All cases of mall depredation, of violation of
law by private expresses, or by the forging or
illegal uje of postage stam s, are under the su
pervision of this office, and Bhould be reported
All communications respecting lost money,
letters, mall depredations, or other violations ef
law, or mall locks and keys, should be directed,
"Chief Clerk, Post Office Department."
All registers of the arrivals and departures of
the mails, certificates of the service of route
agents, reports of mail failures, applications for
blank regliters, and reports of failures, and all
complaint) against contractors for irregular ur
imperfect service, should be directed, "Inspection
Office, Post Office Department."
The Nary Department consists of the Navy
Department proper, being the office of the Sec
retary andot live bureaus attacbed tbereto, viz :
llure.vu of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of
Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of
Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance
and Hydrography, and tbe Bureau of Medicine
The following is a statement of the duties of
each of these offices, and of the force employed
Secretary's Office. Hon. Isaac Touccy, Secre
tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq,
Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary
of the Navy has charge of everything connected
with the naval establishment, and the execution
of all laws relating thereto is Intrusted to him,
under tho general direction of tbe President of
tbe United States, who, by the Constitution, is
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy.
All Instructions to commanders of squadrons
and commanders of vessels, all orders ot oOiccrs,
commissions of officers both in the navy and
marine corps, appointments of commissioned
and warrant officers, orders for the enllitment
and discharge of seamen, emanate from tbe Sec
retary's Office. All the duties of the different
bureaus are perform' d under the authority of
the Secretary, and their orders are considered
as emanating from him. The general superin
tendence ot the marine corps form) also a part
of the ddtlcs of the Secretary, and all the orders
of the commandant of that corps 6bould be ap
proved by him.
Bureau of JVflty Yards and Docks. Commo
dore Joseph Smith, Chief of tbe Bureau, four
Clerks, one Civil Knginetr, and one Draughtsman.
All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build
ings and machinery in navy yards, and every
thing immediately connected with them, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is
also chajged with the management of the Naval
Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re
pair. John Lentball, Esq , Chlet of the Bureau,
eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office
of the Enginecr-ln-cbief of the Navy, Samuel
Archbold, Esq , is attached to this bureau, who
is assisted by three assistant engineer!. This
bureau has charge of the building and repairs of
all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the
providing of all vessels with their equipments,
as Bails, anchors, water tanks, tea. The Engl-necr-in-chlef
superintends tho construction of
all marine steam engines for the navy, and, with
tbe approval of the Secretary, decides upon plans
for their construction.
Bureau of Provisions and Clothing. n. Bridge,
Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and
four Clerks. All provisions for the use of tbe
navy, and clothing, together with the making of
contracts for furnishing the same, como under
the charge of this bureau.
Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Capt.
Duncan Ingrohnm, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks,
and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge
of all ordnance aud ordnance stores, the manu
facture1 or purchase of cannon, guns, powder,
shot, shells, Ac, and the equipment of vessels
of war, with everything connected therewith. It
also provides them with maps, charts, chronom
eters, barometers, &c , together with such books
as aro furnished ships of war. "The United
States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal
Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy
at Annapolis, are also under the general super
intendence of the Chief of this Bureau.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery Dr. William
Whelan, burgeon United States Navy, Chief of
Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United
States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela
ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment
of sick and wounded, and management of hos
pitals, comas within the superintendence of this
Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R.
Drinkard, Chief Clerk, seven Clerks, two Mea-
scngers, and one Laborer. The following bu
reaus are attacbed to this Department.
Cormmding Oenerati Office. This office, at
the bead of which is Lieutenant General Bcoti,
is at New York.
Adjutant Oenerati Office. CoL Samuel Coop,
er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. 5.
Townseud, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil
liams, and Capt. J. P. Garesche; Judge Advo
cate, Major John F. Leei; ten Clerks and ona
Messenger. In this office are kept all the records
which refer to the personnel of tbe army, the
rolls, ic It is here that all military commis
sions are made out
Quartermaster GeneraVt Office. Brevet Major
General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General.
Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Itajor H.
C. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger; eleven
Clerks and one Messenger.
Paymaster Generals Office. Col. B. V. Larned,
Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews,
District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes
senger. Commissary Generals Office. General George
Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt.
A. E. Shlras ; six Clerks and one Messenger.
Burgeon OeneraVt Office. Ota. TbomaVLaw
bou, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. 0. Wood ;
three Clerks and one Messenger.
Engineer Office Gen. Joseph O. Totten, Chief
Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; five
Clerks and one Messenger.
Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Aberl, Colo
nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. 1. 0. Wood
ruff; five Clerks and ono Messeuger.
Ordnance Bureau. Col. H. K. Craig, Colonel
of Ordnance; Assistant, Cant. William Mayna
dier; eight Clerks and one Messenger.
490 Seventh ttreet,"
OU can find a complete assortment of House
keeping Hardware, Cutlery, bilver-plated
Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware,
Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks,
and all tbe useful articles for Housekeeping,
together with Ladles' Satchels, Card Cases,
Purses, Faus, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, Ac,
sic , all selected with great care, bought for
cash, and will be Bold at the very lowest prices
Purchasers will do well to remember
House-Furnishing Store, No. 490 Seventh street,
"1INC0IH" STOMACH BITTEBS."
ONLY sold at the store of W. Gerecke, on
Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-and-a-half
and Sixth streets. Also, a great supply just
imported ol Switz and Linburg Cheese, Bar
delles, Sardines, Holt. Herrings, &c, for sale.
liov .10 W. GERECKE.
THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER
WHO'S PRESIDENT I
CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain in Wash
ington, and continue to pursue my occu
pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL
PAINTING. Gilding in all Its branches. Old
Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and
Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in tbe best
style. I also call attention to the Painting of
Roofs and Brick Walls.
All of the above I will do as cheap as the
cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of
my friends and fellow citizens of the District.
Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in
the best manner.
You will please mlud your stops, and stop at
M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1
53 1 1 53 1 1 1 Louisiana avenue, north side, be
tween Sixth and eventb streets.
P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual.
Corner of Indiana avenue and S cond street,
Washington, V. O.
BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and
Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A
variety of Business Cuts on band, for sale, cheap
for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper.
Practical Chronometer, Clock, and
437 Seventh street, bet. Q and H,
informs bis customers and the pub
lic In general, that he has just re
ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent
and Detached Levers, Lepine, Duplex, and other
Watches; also, nne rrencn Ulocks, Jewelry
Ac. Attends promptly to the Repairing of fine
Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 29 lm
A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who has
four or five hours of spare time per day,
wishes to get an engagement in drawing maps,
charts, Ac. Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, be
tween D and E. dec 18
WANTED. A young man, twenty years of
age, who has bad considerable experience
in such matters, wishes to obtain a situation as
clerk or salesman In a store. Can furnish the
best city reference. Address " G. E. R.," City
Post Office. 'dec 21
J. J. COOMBS,
Attorney and Counsellor atLaw,
WILL practice In the local Courts of this
District, and in the Supreme Court and
Court of Claims. Office at the corner of Indi
ana avenue and Second street.
Wines, Brandies, &o.
Choice Old Madeira, Duff Gordon Sherry,
Old LD Port, Fine Table Madeira,
Old Carasquedo Sherry, Superior Brandies,
Fine Old India Madeira, (a very superior article,
not usually found In this market.)
Congress Water. For sale low by
BROWNING k KEATING,
353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.
Massachusetts Clear Mess Fork
For sale low by
BROWNING & KEATING,
353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.
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