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" ' ,"" ,.; .,. RATES OP ADVERTISING One square, three days.i i .'.,..$1.00 One square, four days.,.. ;. 1.25 One square, five days 1.50 One square, six days , 1,75 One square, two vieeks., (!: J-'s One sqoaie, Ihria weeks .f ..Xi.'l&'BO" One square, one month'. .". 4 00 One square, three months 10.00 One square, six months ."18 00 One square, one year 30.00 Every other day and once a week advertise ments, fifty per cent, advance on the above. Inserted as reading matter, ten cents a Hoe. Church and other notices, and wants, twenty five cents for each insertion. Ten lines or lets constitute a square. THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN" IS PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING, (sCKIUVfl EXCEPTED,) On Seventh itreet, near E, opposite the General Pott Office, by lewis clephane & co. terms. To city subscribers, itx cenU per week, para ble to the carriers. To mail subscribers, three dollars and fifty cent! per annum, payable in advance. GSfflaiml ittkuforc Yol. I. WASHINGTON, D. C, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1861. No. 36. n e "-- o j PRICE ONE CENT. Wo have received a letter from a true Union man In Tennessee, containing sentiments which we cannot forbear to make public. At these times, such letters from that quarter are truly encouraging, and Senator Johnson will see with prida and pleasure that at least one of his con stituents is ready to sustain him, and we doubt not there are thousands of the sumo mind : , Tennessee, Dec. 31, 18G0. Your favor of the 12th instant wot duly re ceived, and I was highly gratified with tbo tone of fervent patriotism which it breathed. This, wo just as I expected, and fully verifies what I have long contended for among tho rabid Southerners, that the larger portion of tho Republicans are not abolitionists, but are patriotic and conservative, and willing to rec ognise all the constitutional rights of the South. Your opinions in regard to the aims and in tentions of the South Carolinians are correct, and many in Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, oocupy the samo position in regard to reopen ing the African slave trado as do the South Carolinians. This question has been the cause of the precipitate action of South Carolina, and is hurrying the other Gulf States in tho same direction. But the cause of the success of the precipitators is the great prejudice which has been engendered in the minds of tho people against the Republican party by the Southern Democratic party. The stump speakers and editors of that party have, on all occasions, held up the Republicans as abolitionists. There has not been a " John Brown raid," nor a ser vile insurrection of any kind, but what the re sponsibility has been saddled upon the whole Republican party. R has also been held ac countable for every negro that has escaped from his owner. Theso things have all been done for tho most vile party purposes to elevate demagogues of the Democratic party ; and now too leaders in the disunion movement are tho disappointed demagogues of that corrupt organization. It is true, that through their machinations they have deceived many good Whigs, or apparently good Whigs, into tho se cession movement. This has all been done by adroitly harping upon tbo wronga inflicted by the North. That party, having been defeated in the,recent election, appear now to be deter mined to ruin tho couutry ; (1 mean tho Demo cratic party South.) I must confess that my hopes for the salvation of our country have grown weak. " Madness rules the hour," and it does appear to me that those in the South who arc for the Union are not sufficiently bold in declaring their opinions ; to use a homely phrase, they do not " take the bull by the horns." While here in Tennessee I believe that three fourths ot the people are for tho Union, yet tho disunionists make the largest demonstrations, and I fear aro gaining ground. From the beginning, I have labored with all my power, in my bumble capacity, to stifle this infernal, treasonable doctrine of secession, and my thoughts, energies, and prayers, aro directed to the salvation ot my country, and I feel will ing to swear upon the sacred altar of human liberty, that I will live in tho Union, or die with it. So far as I can, in a private way, I endeavor to keep our friends straight on this question. I find some, however, who are in clined to stifle the teachings of the Constitution, and enggge in what I consider " disloyalty and lebellion." From the Washington Constitution. LETTER FROM GENERAL LANE. The Columbus (Ga.) Tunes publishes the following noble letter, written to a relative, and not intended for publication. The latter fact is evident, and we perhaps owe an apology to the distinguished writer for printing it at second-hand : Washington, D. C, Dec. 14, 18G0. My Dkir Littll Cousin: With all ray heart I thank you for your kind and patriotic letter of the 10th instant. I am proud of you ; you are a regular little heroine; you are lor equali ty in the Union, or for independence out of it. You are right, and I am with you heart and soul. I hope and trust that Georgia may necr submit to inferiority, inequality, and degrada tion. God forbid that anv such want of man hood may be found among the sons of that gallant State. I know that her daughters will never submit to anything that is not nonorable and just; they will never submit to decrada . lion. Death before dishonor is now and will be the motto of the pround daughters of the noble Stato of Georgia then how can her noble sons do less than stand by their rights and equality? And, if they cannot have them in the Union, (and that is now quite manifest,) they will go out, and, it needs be, itetend them at the point of the bayonet ; and when that day shall come, I, with thousands of good Northern men, will bo by their side. Submission is (would be) degradation worse than that, it would be coward!) and I will tako the liberty of saying that my dear little cousin will not, could not, resppct a coward. No, the South must act, and act promptly, and go out of a Confederacy thut refuses justice and equality. Delay is ruin und death. This is my birthday. I am now fifty-nino jears of age. My life has been an eventful one, and unless coercion shall bo undertaken towards the States that may secede, 1 shall retire from public life. My heart is upon it, mid nothing but the cry of wur shall divert me from my purpose ; but while I lire I shall Hinuu uy mengiii. uuu uiesd you, is me primer ol your cousin, .Josmi Lane. Suiciiie. On Sunday, a singular and shock ing suicide took placo near Tom's lirook, in the county of Shenandoah. Mr. Jacob Copp, a respectable citueti of that county, while en tertaining u nnmber of fuenda ut dinner on that dnj, excused himself, as it for a moment only, and retiring to his chamber, cut his throat with a razor, inflicting four severe gashes. No cause is assigned ior the deed, which has oc casioned much talk in the section of the couu try whero it occurred. HAMS I HAMS 1 1 " HAVE In store Maryland New IIAMS, sugar - cured, prepared for family use. JESSE It. WILSON, 327 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh nov 20. streets, south side. Organization of the Departments. STATE DEPARTMENT. The whole machinery employed to conduct the business arising out of ur foreign relations with all the Powers of the world is far more simple tban Is generally conceived. The number em ployed la the Department of State of the United States is only twenty-eight, as follows: One Sec retary of State, (Hon. Lewis Cass,) one Assistant Secretary of State, (Hon. John Appleton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty. two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Diplomatic Branch This branch of the State Department has charge of all correspondence between the Department and other diplomatic agents of the Unite States abroad, and those of foreign Powers accredited to this Government. In it all diplomatic Instructions sent from the Department, and communications to commission ers under treaties of boundaries, Ac, are pre pared, copied, and recorded ; and all of like char acter received are registered and filed, their con tents being first entered in an analytic table or index. Consular Branch. This branch has charge of the correspondence, Ac, between the Department and the con uls and commercial agents of the United States. In It Instructions to ti.ote officers, and answers to their dispatches nnd to letters rom other persons asking for consular agency, or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and recorded. The Disbursing Agent He has charge of all correspondence nnd other matters connected with accounts relating to any fund with the disburse ment of which the Department is charged. The Tramlalor. His dutiis arc to furnish such translations as the Department may require. He also records the commissions of consuls nnd vice consuls, when not In English, upon which exe quaturs arc Issued. Clerk of Appointments and Commissions He makes out and records commissions, letters of appointment, and nominations to the Senate; makes out and records exequaturs, and records, whin In English, the commissions on which they are issued. Has charge of the library. Clerk of the Rolls and Archives He takes charge of tho rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of Congress, as they arc received at the Department from the President; prepares the authenticated conies thereof which ate called fjr: prepares for. and suijorlntends their publication, nnd that of treaties, tbo newspapers nnd in nootciorra; attends to their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all document, and pub lications In regird to which this duty Is assigned to the I epartment; writing nnd Answering all letters connected therewith. Has charge of all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. Clerk of Territorial Business The Stat of the Department, .Je He lias charge of the seals of the united atntes and ol ine eiepanmeni, ana prepares and altichcs certificates to papers pr sented for authentication; has charge of the Ter ritorial business ; Immigration and registered sea men ; records all letters from the Department, other than the diplomatic and consular. Cerk of Pardons and Passports He prepares and records pardons and remissions; and regis ters and files the petitions and papers on which they are founded. Makes out and records pass ports ; kseps a daily register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, and of the disposition made of them ; prepares letters relating to this business. Superintendent of Statistics. He superintends the preparation of the "Annual Report of the Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as required by the acts of 1842 and 185G. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE. Hon. Jeremiah S. 'Black, Attorney General of the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq , Assist ant. The ordluary business of this office maj be classified under the following heads: 1. Official opinions on the current business of the Government, as called for by tbe President, by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor ot the Treasury. 2 Examination of the titles of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States 3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con viction In tbe courts ot tbe United States. 4. Applications tor appointment In all the ju dicial And legal business of the Government. 5. Tbe conduct and argument of all suits in the Supreme Court of the United States in which tbe (Jovernment is concerned. G Tho supervision of nil olher suits arising in Any of the Departments, when referred by the head thereof to the Attorney General. To these ordinal) Leads ot tho business of the office Is added at the present time tbe directiou ot all appeals on land claims in California. INTERIOIt DEPARTMENT. Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Hon, Jacob Thompson, of the Statu of Missis sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief Clerk, (Moses Kellj,Esq ,)two Disbursing Clerks, and ten other regular Cleiks ; and to Its super vision and management are lommltttd the fol lowing branches of the public B'rvlce: lit. The Public Lands. The chief of this bu reau is called tho Commissioner of the General Land Office. Tbe Land Bur nu is charged with the survey, management, nnd sale of the public domain, and the Issuing ot titles theref r, whether derived from confirmations of grants made by former Governments, by sales, donations, of gran'o for schools, military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir ginia military bounty-land claims, and the Issu ing of scrip In lieu thereof. The Land Office, also, audits Its own accounts. Tha present Com missioner Is Joseph S. Wilson. Its principal olhcers Are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also acts as Commissioner ad interim, Principal Clerk of Survevs, besldts a Draughtsman, Assistant Draughtsman, aud some 100 Clerks of various grades. .2d. Pulsions The present head ot this bureau is George O. Whiting, ol Virginia. The Com missioner is chargtd w th the examinat on anl adjudication ot all claims arising under the va rious and numerous laws pussod by Congress granting bounty laud or ptusions for the mili tary or nuval services la the revolutionary and i ubsequent wars in which the United .Mates have been engaged. He Las one Chief Cleik, (John Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting of some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indians. Commisslontr of Indian Affairs, A. 1). Greenwood, ol Arkansas He is provided with a Chief O erk, and about fifteen other sub ordinate Clerks. 4th. Patent Office. lion. Philip P. Thomas, of Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this bureau is committed the execution and perform ance of all " a:ts and things touching and re specting the granting and issuing of patents for new and useful discoveries, Inventions, and Im provements;" tho collection of statistics rela ting to agriculture; the collection and distribu tion of seids, (hints, and cuttings. It bas a Chief Clerk who Is by law the acting Commis sioner of Patents In the absence of tbe Cimtnls. doner twelve principal and twelve assistant Examiners of Patents, some dozen subordinate permanent Clerks, besides a consld ruble num ber of temporary employees. Samu 1 T. Shu gert, Eq , Chief Clerk. An att passed at the last session of Congress prov ded that all books, maps, charts, and other publications, heretofore deposited In tbe De partment of State, according to the laws regula t ng copyrights, should be removed to the De partment of tbe Interior, which is charged with alt tbe duties connected with matters pertaining to copyright ; which duties havo been assigned by the Secretary of tbe Interior to the Patent Of fice, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of the service. Besid s these four principal branches of this new Executive Department, the organic act of 1840 trantferred to 1' from the Treasury Depart ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and the Clerks of tbe United States Courts, the ra lodge ment of the lead and other mines of the United States, a d the affairs nl the penitentiary of the United MaIis In the Ditrlc. of Columbia; nnd from the State Dipartment tbe duty of taking and returning the censuses of the Unl ed States, and of supervising nnd directing the acts of the Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi tal for the Insane of the urruy and navy and of tho District of Columbia is also nnder the man agement of this Department; in addition to which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of the Interior is charged with the construction of the threo wagon roads leading to the Pacific coast. Under act of February 5, 1859, " providing for keeping and distrioutlng all public documents, all the books, documents, 4c, printed or pur chased by the Government," the Annals of Con gress, American State Papers, American Ar chil es, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are transferred to this Department from the Mate Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ; also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty filth Congress. These valuable forks are dis tributed to those who are by law entitled to re ceive tbem, and to such " colleges, public libe ries, athemcums, literary and scientific institu tion., boards of trade, or public tssociations," as shall bo designated by the members of Con- The Department requires an additional build ing for its accommodation, and the erection of one has been repeatedly recommended during tbe last few years for that purpose. At present, tlm Pension Office is prov ided with rooms in what is known as " Winder's Building," while tbe other branches f the Department, including the Secretary's office, are all crowded into the Patent Office builaing, the wnole of which will hi re quired at an early day lor tbe use of tbo Patent Uluce, lor which It nas originally lntenaed. TBEASURY DEPARTMENT. The Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of the Secretary of the Treasury, two Comp trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house Board, and Coast Survey. The following is a brief Indication of the duties of these several offices, and of tbe force employod therein, respectively: Secretary's Office lion. Howell Cobb, Secre tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; one Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre tary of the Treasury is charged with tho general supervision of the fiscal transactions of the Gov ernment, and of the execution of the laws con cerning the commerce and navigation of the United States. He superintends the suriey of the coast, the l'ght-houso establishment, tne ma rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con struction of certain public buildings for custom houses and other purposes. First Comptroller's Office. Hon. William Me dlll, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. Ho pre scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac counts for the civil and diplomatio service, ns well aslhe public lands, and revises and certifies tbe balances arising thereon. Second Comptroller's Office. J. M. Cutts, Esq , Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes the mode ot keeping and rendering the accounts of tho Army, Navy, and Indian departments of the public service, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Office of Cjnimiiiioner of Customs Samuel Iouhara. Ksci . Commissioner, and eleven Clerks. He prescribes the mode ot keeping and rendering the accounts of tho customs, revenue, and dis bursements, and for the building and repairing custom-houses, Ax., and revises and certifies the balauces arising thereon. ir Auditor's Office. Thomas L. Smith, Esq , First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. Ho receives and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expend itures on account of tbe civil list, and under private acts of Congress, and reports tl.e balances to tho Commissioner of the Customs and the First Comptroller, respectii ely, lor their decision thereon. Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller, Sicond Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks He re ceives and adjusts all accounts rilatlug to the pay, clothing, and reirulting ot tho army, as well as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and all ac counts relating to the Indian department, nnd reports tbe balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinson, Esq., Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks. lie receives and adjusts all accounts tor subsist ence of the army, lortlficutions, Military Acad emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising trom military services previous lo 181d, and for ho 863 and olhir property lost In the military service, under vafious nets ot Congress, and re ports the balances to tbo Second Comptroller, lor his decision tbcreon, fourth Auditor's Office. A. J O'Bannou, Esq , Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clirks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for the service of tho Navy Department, and reports the balanies to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Fifth Auditor's Office Bartholomew Fuller, Esq, Iillh Auditor, and six Clerks, lie re ceives and adjusts all accounts for diplomatic and similar services performed under the direc tion of tho State Department, and reports the balances to the First Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Sulh Auditor's Office Dr. Thomas M. Tate, Auditor of the Treasury lor the Post Office De partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks. He receives nnd adjusts nil accounts ari"Ing from tho service of tho Post Office Department. His decisions arc final, unless an appeal be taken In Iwelie mouths to the First Comptroller. He superintends the collection of all debts due the Post Office Department, and all penalties and forfeitures imposed on postmasters and mall con tractors for falling to do their duly ; he directs suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal, nnd takes all such measures as may be author ized by law to enforce the prompt payment of moneys due to the Department; instructing Uni ted StAtes attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all matters relating thereto; and receives returns from eacli t-rm of the United States courts, of the condition and progress of such suits and legal proceedings: ha charge of all lands and other property Assigned to the United States In pay ment of debts due tbe Post Office Department, nnd baa power to sell and dispose of the same for the benefit of the United States. Treasurer 't Office Samuel Casey, Esq , Treas urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps the moneys of the United States In his own office, and that o( the depositories created by the act of the Cth of August, 1846, and pays out the same upon warrants drawn by tho Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp troller, and upon warrants drawn by the Post master General, and countersigned by tbe Sixth Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also holds public moneys advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and pajs out the same upon their checks. Register's Office. Finley Bigger, Esq , Register, and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps tbe accounts of public receipts and expenditures ; receives the returns nnd makes out the official statement of commerce and navigation of the United States; and receives from the First Comptroller and Commistiioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers decided by them, and is charged by law with their safe keeping. Solmtor'sOffice Hon. Junius Hillyer, Solicitor, and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits commenced by the United States, (except those armnj m the Post Office Department,) nnd instructs the United States Attorneys, mnrshals, and clerks, in all matters relating to them and their results. He receives returns from each term of the United States courts, showing the progress and condition of such suits; has chargo of all lands and other property assigned to the United Stales in payment of debts, (ezeept those assigned in vatmeat of debts due the Post Ojliee Department.) and has power to sell nnd dispose of tbe same for the benefit of the United States. Light-House Board Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasury, n-officio President; Cora. W. U. Shubrlek, United States Navy, Chairman ; Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy; Major A. If. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni ted Stairs Army ; Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army; Prof. Joseph Henri, Secretary of the Smith sonian Institution; Prof. A. D. Bacbe, Super intendent of tbe Coast Survey ; Commander Ra phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, members, the last two being also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This board directs the building and repairing of light houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of the establishment. United States Coast Suncy Professor A. D. Bacbe, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the Coast Survey Office ; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Army, Assistant. Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Chas. A. Schott, in charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, in charge of tidal division. Lieut Thomas Wilson, United States Army, in charge of drawing division. Mr. Edward Wharton, acting in charge of en graving division. Lieut. John It. Smead, United States Army, in charge of miscellaneous divisions. Samuel Hein, Disbursing Agent. George Mathiot, Electrotj plst. Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights and Measures. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. Tho direction and management of tbe Post Office De partment are assigned by the Constitution and laws to the Postmaster General. That Its busi ness may be the more conveniently arranged and prepared for his final action, It is distributed among; several bureaus, as follows: The Ap- poiulmeut Office, in charge of the First Assistant Postmaster General ; the Contract Office, in charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, In iharge of tbo Third Assistant Postmaster General ; and tbe Inspec tion Office, in charge of the Chief Clerk. Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq , First Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions which relate to the establishment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes of sites nnd names, appointment and removal of postmasters and route and local agents, as also the glilng of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are furnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balances by this bureau, which is charged also with providing blanks nnd stationery for the use ot the Department, nnd with the superin tendence of the several agencies established for supplying postmasters with blanks. To this bureau is likewise assigned the supervision of the ocean mail steamship lines, and ol the foreign nnd international postal arrangements. Contract Office William II. Dunda', Esq , Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six clerks. To this office Is assigned tbe business of arranging the mail service ol the United States, and placing the same under con tract, embracing all correspondence nnd proceed ings respecting tho Irequency of trips, mode of conveyance, nnd times ol departures and arri vals on all the routes; the courso of the mall between the dilferent sections of the country, the points ol mail distribution, und the regula tions for tho govinnucnt ot the domestic mail sen ice ot the United States. It prepares tho advutlscnients for mail proposuls, reielves tho bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa sional mail lettlngs, and the adjustment mid exe cution of the contracts. All applications for tho establishment or alteration of mall arrange ments, and the appointment ol Mail Messengers, should be sent to this oQice. All claims should be submitted to It for transportation service not under contract, as the recognition of said service is first to be obtained through the Contract Office, as a necessary authority for the proper credits at tho Auditor's Office From this ollao nil postmasters nt tho ends of routes receive the statement of mail arrangements prescribed for the respective routes It reports weekly to the Auditor all contracts executed, nnd all orders aflectlng accounts for mall transportation ; pre- pares the statistical exhibits of the mall service, , and tho reports of the mall lettlngs, giving a ' statement of each bid ; also, of the contrncts ' made, the new service originated, the curtail- ments ordered, nnd the additional allowances granted within tbe year. Finance Office. A. N. Zevcly, Esq , Third As sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management of the financial business of the Department, not devolved by law upon the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the issuing of warrants and drafts In payment of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to mall contractors and other persons, tbe supervis ion of the accounts of offices under orders to deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'ed points, and the superintendence of the rendition by postmasters of their quarterly returns of postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter Office, of the issuing of postage stamps and stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post age, and of the accounts connected therewith. To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all postmasters should direct their quarterly returns of postage ; those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly tbe net proceeds of tbelr offices ; and those nt depositing offices, their cer tificates of deposit ; to bim should also be di rected the weekly and monthly returns of tbe depositaries of tbe Department, as well as all applications and receipts fur postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Inrpeclion Office Benj. N. C'emenU, E-q , Chief Clerk, and scvinteen clerks. To this ofii -e is assigrrd the duty of receiving and examining the registers of the arnvali and departures of the malls, certificates of tbe eerviio of route agents, and reports of mail failures ; of noting the delinquencies ot contractors, and preparing cases thereon for tbe action of the Postmaster General ; furni'hing blanks fcr mall registers, and reports of mail failures; providing end sending out mail bags an1 mall locks und keys, and doing all other things which may be neces sary to secure a fdthlul and exact performance of all mail contract!. All cases of mail depredation, of violation of law by private expresses, or by the forging or illegal use of postage sum s, are under the su pervision of this office, and should be reported to It All communications respecting lost money, letters, mnil depredations, or other violations ef law, or mail locks nnd keys, should h directed, "Chief Clerk, Post Office Department." All registers of the arrivals and departures of tbe malls, certificates of the service of route' Agents, rejorls of mall failures, applications for blank registers, and reports of failures, nnd all complaints against contractors for irregular or Imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection Office, Post Office Department." NAVY WEPARTMENT. The Navy Department consists of the Navy Department proper, being the office of tbe Sec retary and of five bureaus attached thereto, vis : Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of Provisions and Cldthing, Bureiu of Ordnance and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The following is a statement of the duties of each of these offices, and of tbe force employed therein: Secretary's Office, lion. Isaac Touccy, Secre tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq, Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary of tbe Navy bas charge of everything connected with the naval eHablishment, and the execution ot all laws relating thereto Is Intrusted to him, under the geucral direction of the President of the United States, who, by the Constitution, Is Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy. All Instructions to commanders of squadrons and commanders of vessels, all orders ol officers, commissions or officers both in tbe navy and marine corps, appointments of commifslomd and warrant officers, orders for the enllument and .discharge of seamen, emanate from tho Sec retary's Offi.e. All tbe duties of the different bureaus are perform'd under the authority ot the Secretary, und their orders are considered as emanating irom htm. the general superin tendence ot the marine corps form) also a part of tbe duties of the Secretary, and all the orders of the commandant of that corps sb juld be ap proved by him. Bureau of Xtnt Yards and Docks. Commo dore Joseph Smith, Chief of tbe Bureau, four Clerks, one Civil Engineer, and one Draughtsman. All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build ings and machinery in nuvy yards, and everj tbing immediately connected vvilh them, are under the superintendence of this bureau. It is also charged with the management of the Naval Asylum Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re pair. John Lenthall, Esq , Chiel of the Bureau, eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman The office ot the Englnecr-in-chief ot the Navv, Samuel Archbold, Esq , Is attached to this bureau, who Is assisted by three assistant engineers. This bureau has chargo of the building and repairs of all v esscls of w ar, purchase of materials, nnd tbe providing of all vessels with their equipments, as sails, anchors, water tanks, Ac The Engl-neer-in-cblef superintends the construction of all marine steam englnei for the navy, and, with the approval of the Secretary, decides upon plans for their construction. Bureau of Provisions and Clothing H. Bridge, Purser United Stntes Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the navy, and clothing, together with the making of contracts tor furnishing tbe same, como under the charge of this bureau. Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography Capt. Duncan Ingraham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks, nnd one Draughtsman. This bureau has chargo of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder, shot, shells, Ac , nnd tho equipment of vessels of war, with everything connected therewith. It also provides them with maps, charts, chronom etirs, birometers, Ac , together with such books ns are furnished ships of war. "The United Stntis Naval Observatory and Hydrographicnl Otliie" at Washington, and the Naval Academy nt Annapolis, are also under the general super intendent of the Chief of this Uureau. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery Dr. William Wbelan, Surgeon Uulled States Navy, Chief of Bureau, one Fussed Assistant Surgeon United States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos pitals, comes within the superintendence of this bureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secr-tary of War, W. R. Drlnkard, Chief Clrk, seven Clerks, two Mes sengers, nnd one Laborer. Tbe following bu reaus are attached to this Department. Commanding General's Office. This office, at the head of which Is Lieutenant General Scott, is at New York. Aautant QeneraTi Office. Col. Samuel Coop er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. D. Townscnd, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil liams, und Capt. J. P. Garcsche; Judge Advo cate, Major John F. Lee ; ten Clerks and one Messenger. In this office are kept all the records which refer to the peisonnel of the army, the rolls, Ac. It is here that all military commis sions aro made out. Quartermaster Generate Office. Brevet Major General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Major II. C. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger ; eleven Clerks and one Messenger. Paymaster Generals Office Col. B. F. Lamed, Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes senger. Commissary General's Office General George Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt. A. E. Shiras ; six Clerks and one Messenger. Surgeon GeneraVs Office Gen. Thomas Law son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. R. C. Wood ; three Clerks and one Messenger. Engineer Office Gen. Joseph O. Totten, Chief Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; five Clerks nnd one Messenger. Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Cnpt. I. C. Wood ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger. Ordnance Bureau. Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna dier; eight Clerks and one Messenger. AT FRANCIS'S HOUSE-FURNISHING STORE, 4'JO Seventh street, OU can find a complete assortment of House keiplng Hardware, Cutlery, Silver-plated Ware, Brltannln, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware, Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks, and all the useful articles for Housekeeping, together with Ladles' Satchels, Card Cases, Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, Ac, &c, all selected with great care, bought for cash, and will be sold at the very lowest prices Purchasers will do well to remember FRANCIS'S House-FurnUblng Store, No. 490 Seventh street, nov 20 "LINCOLN STOMACH BITTERS." ONLY sold nt the store of W. Gerecke, on Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-aqd-a-half and Sixth Btreets. Also, a great supply just Imported ol Swltx and Ltnburg Cheese, Bar. delles, Sardines, Uoll. Herrings, Ac, for sale. uov 30 W. GERECKE. THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER WHO'S PRESIDENT I CONSEQUENTLY, I shad remain In Wash ington, and continue to pursue my occu pation of HOUSE, SIGN, and ORNAMENTAL PAINTING. Gilding in all its branches. Old Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in the best style. I also call attention to the Painting of Roofs and Brick Walls. All of the above I will do as cheap as the cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of my friends and fellow citizens of the District. Punctuality strictly observed, and work done in tbe best manner. You will please mind your stops, and stop at M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1 53 11 S3 III Louisiana avenue, north side, be tween Sixth and eventh streets. P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual. nov 20 STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY, Corner of Indiana avenue aSid Sicond street, Washington, D. C. BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A variety of Business Cuts on hand, for sale, cheap for cash. O. W. MUnitAY, Stereotyper. JOHN LANGE, Practical Chronometer, Clock, and Watch-maker, 437 Seventh street, bet. G and 11, Informs his customers and the pub lic in general, that he has just re ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent and Detached Levers, Lepine, Duplex, and other Watches; also, fine trench Clocks, Jewelry Ac. Attends promptly to the Repairing of fine Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 20 lm A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who has four or five hours of spare time per day, wishes to get an engagement in drawing maps, charts, Ac. Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, be tween D and E. deo 18 WANTED. A young man, twenty years of age, who bas bad considerable experience in such matters, wishes to obtain a situation as clerk or salesman In a store. Can furnish the best city reference. Address " O. E. R.," City Post Office. deo 21 J. J. COOMBS, Attorney and Counsellor at, Law, WILL practice In the local Courts of this District, and In the Supreme Court and Court ot Claims. Office at the corner of Indi ana avenuo and Second street. Wines, Brandies, &o. Choice Old Madeira, Dull Gordon Sherry, Old LD Port, Fine Table Madeira, Old Carasquedo Sheny, Superior Brandies, Fine Old India Madeira, (a very superior article, not usually found in this market.) Curaco, Maraschio, Annesette, Absynthe, Congress Water. For sale low by BROWNING & KEATING, 353 Penn avenue, near Sixth street. Massachusetts Clear Mess Fork For sale low by BROWNING A KEATING, 353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.