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" ' -t,t RATES OF ADVERTISING. One square, three day..........j-..$lA0. One square, four days. .f. 1J5 One square, five days.- lJiO One square, six days .t.....I.J. 1.75 One square, two weeks .'......:. J.W One square, three wecki-.........M. Z9 One square, one month.... ...... ......., 4 .00 One square, three months. ................. 10.00 One square, six months. 18 00 One square, one year -....U.,.U.M.M Every other day and ones s week a4ncUse menls, fifty per cent, advance oa the above. Inserted as reading matter, ten cents a lino. Church and other notices, and wants, twenty, five cents for each Insertion. Ten lines or less constitute a square. THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN is published EVERY MORNING, (SUNDAYS EXCEI-TED,) On BeTtnth Kreet, near B, opposite the General Post Office, by LEWIS CLEPHANE & CO. T Ell MS. To city subscribers, six cents per week, paya ble to the curriers. To mall subscribers, tbreo dollars and fifty cents per annum, payable in advance. flSSSw&t ttkufott Vol. I. WASHINGTON, D. C, TUESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1861. No. 41. n -r o J PRICE ONE CENT. The Union and Secfssion. The following colloquy will interest both secessionist and con ccssioniBts: P. nnd W met on Main street the other day. just after a fresh batch of " Crisis '' news had come in, nnd says P., " I have been studying hard to think what concessions We can make to the South, more than we havo already made. But I have thought of ono more concession I suppose we might make," says V. " And what is that?" anxiously demands P. "You ob serve the item in this morning's paper, that they barreled up an abolitionist, and rolled him into the Mississippi river the other day?" Yes well ? " " Well, if that thing is to be continued, it will cost them considerable for cooperage. Don't jou think we ought to make one moro concession, just for tho sake of fra ternal peace, and furnish them the barrels ? " Utica Ilerald. Oratory a la Keitt A Koarino Orator. Mr. President, I shall not remain silent, sir, while I have a voice that is not dumb in this assembly. Tho gentleman, sir, cannot expos tulate this matter to any futuro time that is more suitable than now. He may talk, sir, of the Herculaneum revolutions, whero republics are hurled into arctic regions, and tho works of centurions refrigerated to ashes ; but, sir, wo can tell him, indclatigably, that the consequen ces therefrom, multiplied subterraneously by the everlasting principles contended for there by, can no more shake this resolution, than can tho roar of Niagara rejuvenate around these walls, or the bowl of tho midnight tempest con flagrate the marble statue iuto ice. That's what I told them. Man's love is but ono of his many feelings ; in the scholar, it is subservient to his thirst for knowledgo ; in tho patriot, it yields to the wor ship of country ; glory inflames the heart of the soldier ; but with woman the affections aro om nipotent they absorb all other thoughts, and make all other passions their slaves. IIo is nnfortunato who tannot bear mis fortune. It shows a diseased mind to desire such things as cannot bo obtained, and to bo unmindful of tho misery of others. Hopo is sweet. It is better to decide a difference be tween our enemies than our friends ; for one of tho friends will become tn enemy, and one of the enemies a friend. Most men aro evil. Practice honesty. The following dispatches are reported to have passed over tho wires between New York and Charleston : Charleston merchant to a profane corres pondent in New York : " Send me fif y barrels of flour. George." Answer of profano merchant : " Eat your cotton, d n you 1 Harry." It is hard to keep a secret, to dispose of leisure well, and to bear an injury. Enow thy self. Threaten none, for that is like a woman. Speak not ill of thy neighbors. Go slowly to the feasts of thy friends, but swiftly to their misfortunes. Heverence thy elders. Prefer loss to unjust gain. Obey the laws. " Mother," exclaimed a little poet of four summers, " listen to the winds making muBic for the leaves to dance by." Mrs. Partington says she has noticed that whether flour was dear or cheap, she had in variably to pay tho same money for half a dol lar's worth. E. WHEELER, AGENT rOR Till BALK OF AUKUICAN AND rOBIIQN HARDWARE. Jvo. 67 Louisiana av , opposite Bank of Washington. BAR, Sheet, and IIoop Iron; Horse-shoe Iron, Norway Nail Rods, Durden's Patent Horse Shoes, Horse-shoe Nails ; Cast, fahear, nnd Blis ter Steel j Anvils, Bellows, and Vices; Sheet Lead, Bar Lead, and Lead Pipe; Leaded Roof ing Tin; Bright Tin or all kinds; Block Tin, Zinc, and Copper; Iron, Brass, and Copper Wire. Carriage Bows and Curtain Canvas, Hubs, Spokes, Rims, and Axles, Locks, Hinges, Screws, Nails, Brads, Sash Weights, Sash Cord, PulleyB, Planes, Saws, Chisels, Files, Boring and Mortice Machines, andGrindstones,Axe3,Shovels,Spades, Hakes, Forks, 4c. DEPOT FOR PLANT'S NEW PATENT BLIND niNOE. All at the lowest prices for Cash, or to punc tual customers on short credit. nov 26 W. KIIZYZANOWSKI, Seventh Street Crockery Depot, 383 Seventh street, under Dorscifs Hotel,) "Sign of the Plates," Washington, V. C. CROCKERY, Glass, Cutlery, Coal-Oil Lamps, Kerosene nnd Coal Oil, at louest prices, nov 20 AMERICAN AND ENGLISH PICKLES, SAUCES, ic. r.HJ?."Tv- Umerlcan. N 1 1jKjJUIUU 1 , J CHOW CHOW, I English. I'lUUULlLLiX, . ww... -, o- Vhlto and Brown ONIOS, ) Sauces, Worcestershire Sauce, Soyer's Sultana, Read ing. Harvey, and Anchovy SAUCES. For Balo by JEiSE B. WILSON, 327 Pa. av., between Sixth and Seventh nov 26 streets, Bouth Bide. EDMUND F. BEOWN, Kolary rublic, Commissioner of the Court of Claims anujor ine oiuic o, uuuurmu, uiu Attorney for business in the several Depart ments, IS prepared to take Depositions for the Court of Claims, and the Courts in the several Stales and Territories; and also to act as Counsellor and Attorney for business before the different Departments of Government. Deeds, Wills, and other Writings, prepared, and Acknowledgments taken. Office, 402 F street, neit to Seventh street, op- poslte the Post Office and Patent Olhce. dec 4 2aw3ra DR. JOHN G. F. HOLSTON, Surgeon, Physl clan, and Accoucheur, No. 373 E st north, between Ninth and Tenth sts. west, jan 3 3m Organization of the Departments. STATE DEPARTMENT. Tho whole machinery emplojed to conduct the business arising out of ur foreign relations with all the Powers of the world is tar more simple than is generally conceived. The, number em ployed la the Department of State of the United Statesls only twenty-eight, as follows : One Sec retary of State, (Hon, Lewis Cass,) one Assistant Secretary of btate, (Hon. John Applcton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty-two Clerks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Diplomatic Branch This branch of the State Department has charge of all correspondence between the Department and other diplomatic agents of the Unite1 States abroad, and those of foreign Powers accredited to this Government. In it nil diplomatic Instructions sent from the Department, and communications to commission ers under treaties of boundaries, 4c, are pre pared, copied, and recorded; and nllof like char acter received aro registered and filed, their con tents being first entered in an analytic table or Index. Consular Branch. This branch has charge of the correspondence, 4c, between the Department and the con uS and commercial agents of the United States. In it Instructions to tbosc officers, and answers to their dispatches nnd to letters rom other persons askirg for consular agency, or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and recorded. The Disbursing Agent. He has charge of all correspondence and other matters connected with accounts relating to any fund with the disburse ment of which the Department is charged. The Translator. His duties are to furnish such translations as the Department may require. He also records the commissions of consuls and v Ice consuls, when not In English, upon which exe quaturs aro issued. Clerk of Appointments and Commissions He makes out and records commissions, letters of appointment, and nominations to the senate; makes out and records exequaturs, nnd records, when in English, the commissions on which tuey are issued. Has chnrge of tho library. Clerk of the Rolls and Archives ne takes charge of the rolls, or enrolled nets and resolutions of Congress, ns they are received at the Department from the President; prepares the authenticated .copies thereof which a e called for; prepares for, and superintends their publication, and that of treaties, in the newspapers and In book form; attends to their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all documents and pub lications in r eg lid to which this duty is assigned to the Department; writing and answering all letters connected therewith. Has charge ot all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. Clerk of Territorial Business The Seal of the Department, $ c He has charge of the seals of the United States and of the Department, and prepares and attiches certificates to papers pre sented for authentication ; has charge of the Ter ritorial business ; immigration and registered sea men ; records all letters from the Department, other than the diplomatic and consular. C erk of Pardons and Passports He prepares and records pardons ana remissions ; ana regis ters and files the petitions and papers on which they are founded. Makes out and records pass ports ; Wpa a dally register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, and of the disposition made of them ; prepares letters relating to this business. Superintendent of Statistics. He superintends the preparatli n of the " Annual Report of tho Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," as required by the acts of 1842 and 1856. ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE. Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of the United States ; A. B. McCalmont, Esq , Assist ant. The ordinary businesiof this office may be classified under the following beads: 1. Official opinions on the current business of the Government, as called lor Dy tne president, by any head of Department, or by the Solicitor of the Treasury. 2 Examination of the titles of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States 3. Applications for pardons In all cases of con viction in the courts ot the United Stales. 4. Applications tor appointment in all the ju dicial and legal business of the Government. 3. The conduct and argument of all suits in the Supreme Court of the United States in which the Government is concerned. 6 The supervision of all other suits arising in any of the Departments, when referred by the head thereof to tne Attorney uenerai. To these ordinary heads ot the business of the office Is added at the present time the direction of all appeals on land claims in California. INTERIOR DEPARTMENT. Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Hon Jacob Thompson, of the State of Missis sippi. Us clerical force consists ol one Chief Clerk, (Moses Kelly.Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks, and ten other regular Clerks; and to Its super vision nnd mnuugement are committed tho fol lowing branches of the public s rvlce: in. Ihe l'ublic Lands The thief of this bu reau is called tho Commissioner of the General Land Office. The Land Bur au Is charged with the survey, mana7eracnt, and Bale of tho public domain, and the issuing of titles therefor, whether derived from confirmations of grants made by lormsr Governments, by sales, donations, of grants for schcols, military bounties, republic Improvements, and likewise the revision of Vir ginia military bountj-land claims, and the Issu ing of scrip Iu 1 eu thereof. 1 ho Land Office, also, audits Its own accounts. Tho present Com missioner is Joseph 8. Wilson. Its principal officers are a Recoider, Chief Clerk, who also acts as Commissioner ad interim, Priuclpal Clerk ot Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant Draughtsman, and some 150 Clerks of various grades. 2d Pensions Thepresenthead of this bureau is George 0. Whiting, of Virginia. The Com mis'loner Is charged With the cxamlnat'on and adjudication of all claims arising under the va rious and numerous laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions lor tne mili tary or naval services iu the revolutlonarj and tubsequent wars in which the United Stales have been engaged. Ho has one Chief Clerk, (John llobb, Esq,) and a permanent corps, consisting of some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs, A. B. Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided ordinate Clerks, 4th. Patent Office. lion. Philip F. Thomas, of Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this bureau la committed the execution and perform ance of all " acts and things touching and re specting the giautlng and Issuing of patents for new and useful discoveries, inventions, and im provement;" the collection of statistics rela- iog to agriculture; the collection and distribu tion of seids, plants, nnd cuttings. It bas ft Chi f Clerk who Is by law the acting Commis sioner of Patents In the absence of the Oomnii slooer twelve principal nnd twelve assistant Examiners of Patents, some dozen subordinate permanent Clerks, besides a consid rablo num ber of temporary emplojces. Samuel T.Shu gert, Eq, Chief Clerk. An art passed nt the last session of Congress prov ded that all books, maps, charts, and other publications, heretofore deposited In the De partment of State, according to the laws rcgult ting copyrights, should be removed to the De partment ol tho Interior, which Is charged with all the duties connected with matters pertaining to copyright ; which duties have been assigned by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of fice, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of the service. Besld b these tour principal branches of this new Executive Department, the orgttilc act of 1849 tranferred to I from the Treasury Depart ment the supervision of the accounts of the Uni ted States Marshals nod Attorneys, and the Clerks of the United States Courts, the mvuage ment of the lead and other mines of the United States, nt d the ufTalrs of tho penitentiary of the United States in the District of Columbia; and from tho State Department the duty of taking and returning the censuses of the Uni ed States, and of supervising and directing the nets of the Commissioner of Public Buildlnns. The Hospi tal for the Insane of the army and navy and of the District of Columbia is also under tne man agement of this Department; In addition to which, by laws recently passed, tho Secretary of tho Interior Is charged with the construction of the three wagon roads leading to tne l'aciuc coast. Under act of February G, 1859, " providing for keeping and distributing all publio documents, all the books, documents, 4c , printed or pur chased by the Government," the Annals of Con gress, American Slate Papers, American Ar chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are transferred to this Department from the Mate Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ; also, the Journals and Documents of the Thirty fifth Congress. These valuable works are dis tributed to those who are by law entitled to re ceive them, and to such "colleges, puuuc nor ries, athemeums, literary and scientific institu tions, boards of trade, or publio sssociations," as shall be designated by the members of Con gress. The Department requires an additional build ing for its accommodation, and the erection of ono has been repeatedly recommended during the last few years for that purpose. At present, the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what is known as " Winder's Building," while the other branches of the Department, including the Secretary's office, are all crowded Into the Patent Office building, the whole of which will bs re quired at an early day tor the use of tbo Patent Office, lor which it was originally intended. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. The Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of tho Secretary of ho Treasury, two Comp trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, Blx Au ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house Board, and Coast Survey. The following is a brief indication of the duties of these several offices, and of the force employed therein, respectively : Secretary's Office Hon. Howell Cobb, Secre tary of the Treasury; Hon. Philip Clayton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer in Charge; ono Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily imploycd, nnd twenty-three Clerks. The Secre tary ot the Treasury is charged with the general supervision of tho fiscal transactions of the Gov ernment, and of the execution of the laws con cerning the commerce and navigation of the United States. He superintends the survey of the coast, the l'ght-housc establishment, the ma rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con struction of certain public buildings for custom houses and other purposes. First Comptroller's Office Hon. Wljllara Me dlll, Comptroller, and hfleen Clerks. He pre scribes the mode of keeping and rendering ac counts for tho civil and diplomatic service, as well as tho public lands, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Second Comptroller's Office J. M. Cutts, Esq , Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribes tho mode ol keeping and rendering the accounts of the Army, Navy, and Indian departments of tho public service, and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. Office of C mmissioner of Customs Samuel Inuliam. Ici . Commissioner", and eleven Clerks lie prescribes the mode ot keeping and rendering tlio accounts ot the customs, revenue, and dis bursements, and for the building and repairing custom-houses, ic ,and revises and certifies the balances arising thereon. First Auditor's Office Thomas L. Smith, Esq, First Auditor, and nineteen Cltrks. He receives and ndjusts the accounts of the customs revenue and dhttuirsemenls, appropriations and expend itures on account ot the civil list, nnd under private acts ol Congress, and reports the balances to the Commissioner ot the Customs and the rirst Comptroller, respectively, for their decision thereon. Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D Fullor, Second Auditor, and twentj-one Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to the pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well as armories, arsenals, nnd ordnance, and all ac counts relating to the Indian department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Third Auditor's Office. Robert J. Atkinson, Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for subsist ence of the army, fortifications, Military Acad emy, military roads, and tho Quartermaster's de partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising Irora military services provlous to 1816, and for bo scs and other property lost In the military service, under various acts of Congress, and re ports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Fourth Auditor's Olhce. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq , rourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for the service of the Navy Department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Fifth Auditor's OJJice Bartholomew Fuller, Esq , Fifth Auditor, and Blx Clerks. He re ceives nnd adjusts all accounts for diplomatic and similar services performed under the direc tion of the State Department, and reports the balances to the First Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Sixth Auditor's Office Dr. Thomas M. Tate, Auditor ot the Treasury for tho Post Offico De partment, and one hundnd and fourteen Clerks. Ho rotcives and adjusts all accounts arising from the service of the Post Office Department. Ills decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken in twelve months to the First Comptroller. He superintends the collection of all debts due the Post Office Department, and all penalties and forfeitures Imposed on postmasters and mail con tractors for falling to do their duty ; he directs suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal, and takes nil such measures as may be author ised by law to enforce the prompt payment of moneys due to the Department; instructing Uni ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all matters relating thereto; and receives returns from each term of the United States courts, of the condition and progress of such suits and legal proceedings; has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States In pay ment of debts due the Post Office Department, and has power to sell and dispose of the same for the benefit of the United States. Treasurer's Office. Samuel Casey, Esq., Treas urer, and thirteen Clerks. He receives and keeps the moneys of the United States in his own office, and that of the depositories created by the act of tbo 6th of August, 1846, and pays out the same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comp troller, nnd upon warrants drawn by the Post master General, and countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, and recorded by the Register. He also holds publio moneys advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and pays out the same upon their checks. Register's Office Flnley Bigger, Esq., RegHter, and twenty-nine Clerks. He keeps the accounts of publio receipts and expenditures; receives the returns and makes out the official statement of commerce and navigation of the United States ; and receives from the First Comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers decided by them, and Is charged by lav. with their safe keeping. Solicitor' sOfftce. Hon. Junius Hlllyer, Solicitor, and six Clerks. He superintends all civil suits commenced by tbo United States, (except those anting m the Post Office Department,) and instructs the United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, In all matters relating to them and their results. He receives returns from each term of the United States courts, Bhowing the progress and condition of such suits ; has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States in pa) ment of debts, except those assigned til payment of debts due the Post Office Department,) and bas power to sell and dispose of the same for tho benefit of the United States. Light-House Board Hon. Howell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasury, ex-officio President ; Com. W. B. Shubrick, United States Navy, Chairman ; Commander E. G. Tilton, United States Navy ; Major A. II. Bowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni ted States Army ; Capt, A. A. Humphreys, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army; Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of tho Smith sonian Institution ; Prof. A. D. Bache, Super intendent of the Coast Survey ; Commander Ra phael Semmes, United States Navy, and Captain W. F. Smltb, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, members, the last two being also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. This board directs the 'building and repairing of light houses, light-vessels, beacons, and buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs the personnel of the establishment. United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D. Bache, LL. D., Superintendent, and Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. Cant. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, In charge of the Coast Survey Office; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Army, Assistant. Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Chas. A. Schott, in charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, In charge of tidal division. Lieut. Thomas Wilson, United States Army, in charge of drawing division. Mr. Edward Wharton, acting In charge of en graving division. Lieut. John It. Smead, United States Army, in charge of miscellaneous divisions. Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent. Georeo Mathlot. Electron plst. Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights aud Measures. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The direction and management of tho Post Office De partment nre assigned by tho Constitution and laws to the Postmaster General. That its busi ness may be the more conveniently arranged nnd prepared for his final action, it is distributed among several bureaus, as follows : The Ap pointment Office, In charge of the First Assistant Postmaster General; the Contract Office, in charge of the Second Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, in charge of the Third Assistant Postmaster General ; and the Inspec tion Office, In charge of the Chief Clerk. Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq , First Assistant Postmaster General, and nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions which relate to the establishment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes of sites aud names, appointment and removal of postmasters and route and local agents, as also tho giving of instructions to postmasters, Postmasters are furnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balances by this bureau, which Is charged also with providing blanks and stationery for the use of tbo Department, and v, lth the superin tendence of the Beveral agencies established for suppljlng postmasters with blanks. To this bureau is likewise assigned the supervision of the ocean mall steamship lines, and of the foreign and international postal arrangements. Contract Office William II. Dundas, Esq, Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six clerks. To this offico Is nsslgned the business of arranging the mall service of the United States, nnd placing the same under con tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, nnd times of departures and arri vals on nil the routes ; the course of the mall between the different sections of tho country, (be nointa of mall distribution, and the regula tions for the government of the domestic mall Bervlce of the United States. It prepares the advertisements for mail proposals, receives the bids, and takes charge of the annual and occa ntnnal mall luttlnm. nnd the adjustment and exe cution of the contracts. All applications for the establishment or alteration of mall arrange ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers, should be sent to this office. All claims should be submitted to It for transportation service not under contract, as the recognition of said service Is first to be obtained through the Contract Office, as a necessary authority for tho proper credits at tho Auditor's Office. From this office all postmasters at the ends of routes receive the statement of mail arrangements prescribed for tho respective routes It reports weekly to tho Auditor all contracts executed, nnd all orders nfiectlng accounts for mail transportation ; pre pares the statistical exhibits of the mail service, and the reports of the mall Icttlngs, giving a statement of each bid ; also, of the tontrarts made, the new service originated, the curtail ments ordered, and the additional allowances granted within the year. Fhonee Office. A. N. Zcvcly, Esq., Third As sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management of the financial business of the Department, not devolved by law upon the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the Issuing of warrants and drafts In payment of balances reported by the Auditor to be due to mail contractors and other persons, the supervis ion of the accounts of offices under orders to deposit their quarterly balances nt deslgna'ed points, and the superintendence of the rendition by postmasters of their quarterly returns of Upstages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter Office, of the issuing of postage stamps and stamped envelopes for the pre-payment of post age, and of the accounts connected therewith. To the Third Assistant Postmaster General ail postmasters should direct their quarterly returns of postage those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their offices ; and those at depositing offices, their cer tificates of deposit ; to him should also be di rected the weekly and monthly returns of the depositaries of the Department, as well as all applications and receipts for postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Inspection Office. Benj. N. Clement!, Esq, Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office Is assigrrd the duty of receiving and examining the registers of the arrivals and departures ot the mails, certificates of the service of route agents, and reports of mail failures ; of noting the delinquencies of contractors, and preparing cases thereon for the action of the Postmaster General; furnishing blanks for mall registers, and reports of mail failures; providing and sending out mail bags anl mall locks and kevs, aud doing all other things which may be neces sary to secure a faltlolul and exact performance of all mail contracts. All cases of mall depredation, of violation of law by private expresses, or by the forging or Illegal use of postage stam s, are under the su pervision of this office, and should be reported to it. All communications respecting lost money, letters, mail depredations, or other violations ei law, or mall locks and keys, should be directed, "Chief Clerk, Post Offico Department" All registers of the arrivals anl departures of the malls, certificates of the service of route agents, resorts of mail failures, applications for blank registers, and reports of failures, and all complaints against contractors for Irregular or imperfect service, should be directed, " Inspection Olhce, Post Office Department." NAVY DEPARTMENT. The Navy Department consists of the Navy Department proper, being the office of the Sec retary and ot live bureaus attached thereto, viz : Bureau of Navy Yards and Do.ks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repair, Bureau of n ;.r 1 ..! CI. II ... t n.., ........ rruvisiuns IIU jiuiuui, uurcu ui viunniiu: and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine an 1 Surgery. The following is a statement of the duties of each of these offices, and of the force employed therein: Secretary's Office. Hon. Isaac Toucey, Secre tary of tho Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq., Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerk'. Tho Secretary of the Navy has charge of everything connected with the naval establishment, and the execution ot all laws relating thereto is intrusted to him, und'r the general direction of the President of tbo United States, who, by the Constitution, is Commander-in-chief of the Array and Navy. All instructions to commanders of squadrons and commanders of vessels, all orders ot officers, commissions of officers both in the navy and marine corps, appointments of cotnmiigionsd and warrant officers, orders for the enli tment and discharge of seamen, emanate from tho So retarv's Office. All tho duties of tho different bureaus are perform'd under the authority of the Secretary, and their orders ate considered as emanating from him. The genenl superin tendence ot the marine corps formi also a parC of the duties of the Secretary, and alf'tlie orders of the commandant of that corps should be ap proved by him. Bureau of A'ary Yards and Docks. Commo dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, four Clerks, one Civ il Engineer, and one Draughtsman. All the navy yards, dooks, and wharves, build ings and machinery In navy yards, and every thing immediately connected with them, are under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is also charged with the management of tho Naval Asvlum. Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Re pair. John Lenthall, Esq , Cbiet of the Bureau, eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. The office of the Engineer-in-chief of the Navy, Samuel Archbold, Esq , is attached to this bureau, who is assisted by three assistant engineers. This bureau has charge of the building and repairs of all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the providing of all vessels with their equipments, as sails, anchors, water tanks, 4c. The Engl-ncer-in-cblef superintends the construction ot all marine steam cngluo for the navy, and, with the approval of the Secrelarv, decides upon plans for their construction. Bureau of Provisions and Clothing H. Bridge, Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the navy, and clothing, together with the making of contracts for furnishing the same, como under the charge of this bureau. Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography, Capt. Duncan Ingraham, Chief of Bureau, tour Clerks, and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge of nil ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder, shot, shells, &,c, and the equipment of vessels of war, with everything connected therewith. It also provides them with maps, charts, chronom eters, barometers, 4c, together with such books as are furnished ships of war. "The United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographical Office" at Washington, and the Naval Academy at Annapolis, are also under the general super intendence of the Chief of this Bureau. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. William Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United Slates Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos pitals, comes within the superintendence of this bureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R. Drinkard, Chief Ci-rk, aoven Clerks, two Mes- scDgen, and one Laborer. The following bu reaus aro attached to this Department. Commandmj GeneraVt Office, This office, at the bead of which Is Lieutenant General Scott, is at New York. Adulani GcneraTs Office. OoL Stmuel Coop er, Adjutant Gonerat. ArsisUnbv -Major E. I). Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. 8. Wil liams, and Capt. J. P. Gareschn; Judge Advo cate, Major John F. Leo ; ten Clerks and. one Messenger. In this office are kept all the records which refer to the personnel of the army, the rolls, Ac. It is here that all military commis sions are made out. Quartermaster GeneraTt Office. Brevet Major General T. S. Jcsup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Major H. 0. Wayne, and Brevet Major J. Belger J elevea Clerks and one Messenger. Paymaster Generate Office. CoL B. F. Lamed, Paymaster General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster ; seven Clerks and one Mes senger. Commissary GeneraTs Office General George Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt. A. E. Shlras ; six Clerks and one Messenger. Surgeon GeneraTs Office. Geo. Thomas Law son, Surgeon General; Assistant, Dr. R. C.Wood) three Clerks and one Messenger. Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph 0. Totten, Chief Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. a. Wright; fire Clerks and one Messenger. Topographical Bureau Col. J. J. Abert, Colo nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. L 0. Wood ruff; five Clerks and one Messenger. Ordnance Bureau. Col. IT. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnance ; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna dler ; eight Clerks and one Messenger. AT FRANCIS'S HOUSE-FTJBNIBHIHQ 8T0BE, 490 Seventh street, YOU can find a complete assortment of House keeping Hardware, Cutlery, Silver-plated Ware, Britannia, Block Tin, and Japanned Ware, Door Mats, Table Mats, Feather Dusters, Clocks, and all the useful articles for Housekeeping, together with Ladles' Satchels, Car Oases, Purses, Fans, Combs, Brushes, Baskets, sec, 4c, all selected with great care, bought for cash, and will be sold at the very lowest prices, Purchasers will do well to remember KBANCIS'S nouse-Furnlihlng Store, No. 490 Seventh street, nov 26 "LINCOLN STOMACH BITTEKS." "VNLY sold at the store of W. Gerecke, on -J Pennsylvania avenue, between Four-and-a-half and Sixth streets. Also, a great supply just imported of Switz and Linburg Cheese, Sar delles, Sardines, HoU. Herrings, ic, lor sale. nov 30 W. GEllECrlE. , THE UNION WILL STAND, NO MATTER WHO'S PRESIDENT I CONSEQUENTLY, I shall remain"ln Wash ington, and continue to pursue my occu pation of HOUSE, SION, and ORNAMENTAL PAINTING. Gilding in all its brancaes. Old Glazing promptly attended to. Painting and Ornamenting Cottage Furniture in the best style I also call attention to the Painting of Roofs and Brick Walls. All of the above I will do as cheap as the cheapest. I therefore solicit the patronage of mySlriends and fellow citizens of the District. Punctuality strictly obsirved, nnd work done in the best manner. You will plo ise mind your stops, and stop at M. T. PARKER'S Painting Establishment, No. 53 1 53 11 53111 Louisiana avenue, north Bile, be tween Sixth and eventh streets. P. S Signs put up free of charge, as usual. nov 26 STKUEOTYPi: 1'OUNDliY, Corner of Induvia, atenue and Second street, Wathinjtou, D. C. BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A variety of Business Cuts on hand, for sale, cheap for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyper. JOHN LANCE, Practical Chronometer, Clock, and Watch-maker. 437 Seventh street, bet. G and H, Informs his customers and the pub lic in general, that he has just re ceived a fine stock of Gold Patent and Detached Levers, Lepine, Duplex, and other Watches; also, One French Clocks, jewelry, 4c. Attends promptly to the Repairing of fine Watches, Clocks, and Jewelry. dec 29 lm A MAN, surveyor and draughtsman, who ha four or five hours of spare time pet day, wishes to get an engagement in drawing maps, charts, 4c. Apply at No. 470 Ninth street, be tween D and E. dec 18 WANTED. A young man, twenty years of age, who has had considerable experience In such matters, wishes to obtain a situation as clerk or salesman la a store. Can furnish the best city reference. Address " G. K. K.," City Post Office. deo 31 jr. 3. COOMBS, Attorney and Counsellor at, Laic, "TTTILIi practice la the local Courts of this VV District, and la the Supreme Court and Court of Claims. Office at the corner of Indi ana avenue and Second street. Wines, Brandies, &c Choice Old Madeira, Dan Gordon Sherry, Old LD Port, Fine Table Madeira, Old Carasquedo Sherry, Superior Brandies, Fine Old India Madeira, (a very superior article, not usually found In this market.) Ouraco, Marascbio, Annesette, Absynthe, Congress Water. For sale low by BROWNING & KEATING, 353 Penn. avenueynear Sixth street. Massachusetts Clear Mess Pork For sale low by BROWNING 4 KEATING, 353 Penn. avenue, near Sixth street.