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- .. XFZ 'SHmt, S -a4ITVi U" Froipectu of the National Republican. Believ.lng.thaf, tie time baa arrived when the gnat Republican patty of the United States onght to ba fairly 'represented In tbo dally press of the National Metropolis, we hare embarked In the enterprise of supplying the eltliens of the District of Columbia Kith a dally publication, under tBe title of the"" National Ripdslican." In its political department, thli journal will adrocate and defend the principles of the Repub lican party, and endeavor to dtiabuae the public mind of groundless prejudices which have been engendered against It, by the false accusations of its enemies. Having the utmost confidence that the administration of Mr. Lincoln will bo such as to merit our approbation, we expect to yield It a cordial, but not a servile support. In the great Issue that is likely to be made with bis administration, by the enemies of the Republican party, tbe people of Washington anl the District of Columbia have more at stake than the peopl" of any other portion of our common country. We believe that to sopport Mr. Lincoln's administra tion will be synonymous with maintaining tbe in tegrity of the Federal Union, against the machin ations of those who would rend It aunder. No one can doubt upon which tide of this Issue the people of Washington will le found, when they come to realize that It is fairly forced upon them. We feel confident; therefore, that In yielding to the administration of Mr. Lincoln a cordial sup port, we shall have the sympathy of an Immense majority of tbe people of this District and vicin ity. It Is not our design, however, to make the National Republican a mere political paper. We Intend, that as a medium of general and local news, It shall not be Inferior to any other journal published In this city. We shall pay particular attention to questions of local policy, and advo cate such reforms as we may deem essential to the prosperity of the city, and to the advance ment of the moral and material welfare of its Inhabitants. " We deem It unnecessary, however, to multi ply promises, as the paper will Immediately make its appearance, and will then speak tor Itsell. It will be published every niominc', and de Uvered to city subscribers at six cents per week. Mail subscribers, $3.50 a year, payable In ad ranee. Tbe publication office Is at the corner of Indi ana avenue and Second street. LEWIS CLEPHANE 4 CO. Some Opinions of Mr. Lincoln. SELECTED VERBATIM FROM 1113 SPEECllrS, AM) PERTINENT TO THE PRESENT OCCASION". " I say that wo must not interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it ex ists, because the Constitution forbids it, and the general welfare docs not require ua to do so. We must not withhold an efficient fugitive slave law, because the Constitution requires ua, aa 1 understand it, not to withhold such n law. But we must prevent the out s funding of the in stitutiou, because neither the Constitution nor the general welfare requires ua to extend it. We must prevent the revival of the African slave trade, and tbe enacting by Congress of a Territorial slave code. Wo must prevent each of these things being done by either Congress or courts. The people of the United Slates are the rightful masters of both Congresses and courts not to overthrow tbe Constitution, but overthrow the men who pervert the Coustitu tionl" Speech at Cincinnati, Stptember IS, 1659. " I hold myself under constitutional obliga tions to allow the people in ull the States, with out interference, direct or indirect, to do exact ly as they please j and I deny that I have any inclination to interfere with them, even if there were no such constitutional obligation. 1 can only say again, that I am placed improperly altogether improperly, in spite of all that 1 can say when it is insisted that I entertain an) other views or purposes in regard to that mat ter (slavery.)" Speech at Joncsborowjh, III., Sept. 16, 1858. " While it (slavery) drives on in its state of progress aa it is now driving, and' as it haa driven for tbe last five years, I have ventured the opinion, and say to day, that we will have no end to the slavery agitation until it takes one tarn or the other. I do not mean that when it takes a turn toward ultimate extinction it will be in a day, nor in a year, nor in two years. I do not suppose that in the most peace ful way ultimate extinction would occur in less than a hundred years at least ; but that it will occur in the best way for both races, in God's own good time, I have no doubt." Speech at Charlatan, III., Sept. 18, 1858. " Mr. Douglas's popular sovereignty, aa a principle, is simply this : If one man chooses to make a slave of another, neither that man nor anybody else has a right to object." Speech at Cincinnati, Sept. 17, 1859. " I have intimated that I thought the agita tion (of slavery) would not cease until a crisis should be reached and passed. I have stated in what way I have thought it would be reached and passed. We might, by arrestiug the fur ther Bpread of it, and placing it where the fathers originally placed it, put it where the public mind should rest in tbe belief that it was IU IUV I.UUIDO VI UlbltUaiC C&UUIUUM. A HUB IUC agitation may cease. It may be pushed for ward until it shall become alike lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South. I entertain tbe opinion, upon evidence sufficient to my mind, that the fathers of this Government placed that institution where the public mind did rest in the belief that it was in the course of ultimate extinction ; and when I desire to see the further Bpread of it arrested, only say that 1 desire to Bee that dono which tbe fathers havo first done. It is not true that our fathers, as Judge Douglas assumes, made this Government part slae and part free. -Understand the sense in which he puts it he as sume that slavery is a rightful thing within itself waa introduced by the framers of tbe Constitution. The exact truth is, that they fojnd the institution existing among ua, una they left it as they found it. But in making the Government, they left this institution with many, clear marks of disapprobation upon it. They found slavery among them, nnd they left it among them because of the difficulty the absolute impossibility of its immediate re moval." Speech at Alton, Oil. 18, 1858. " Let me say I have no prejudice against the Southern people. They are just what we would be in their situation. If slavery did not exist among them they would not introduce it. If it did now ex'nt among us, we should not in stantly give it up. 1 his 1 believe of thu masses, North and South. Doubtless there nre indi viduals on both aides who would not hold slaves under any circumstances; and others who would gladly introduce slavery anew if it were now out ot exiatence. We know that some Southern men do free their slaves, go North, nnd become tip-top abolitionists ; while some Northern ones go South, and become most cruel slave masters. " When Southern people tell us they aro no more responsible for the origin of slavery than we are, 1 acknowledge tbo fact. When it is said that the institution exists, and that it is very difficult to get rid of it in any satisfactory way, I can understand and appreciate the say ing, I surely will not blame them for not do ing what I should not know how to do myself. If all earthly power were given me, I should not know what to do, as to the existing institu tion. My first impulse would be to free all tbe slaves, and send them to Liberia to their own nativo land. But a moment's reflection would convince me, thai whatever of hih hope (as I think there is) there may be in this, in the long run, its sudden execution is impossible. If they were all landed there in a day. they would perish in the next ten days ; and there are not surplus shipping aud surplus money enough in the world to carry them there invraauy times ten days. What then? Free them all, and keep them among us as underlings ? Is it quite certnin that this betters their condition? I think I would not hold one in slavery nt any rate j yet the point is not clear enough to de nounce people upon. What next? Free them, and make them politically and socmllyour equals ? My own fcelinga will not admit of this ; and if mine would, we well know that those of the great mass of white people will not. Whether this feeling accords with justice nnd sound judgment, is not the sole question, if, indeed, it is any part of it. A universal feel ing, whether well or ill founded, cannot be safely disregarded. We cannot, then, make them equals. It does seem to mo that sys tems of gradual emancipation might be ndopt cd ; but for that tardiness in this respect, 1 will not undertake to judge our brethren of the South. " hen they remind us of their constitutional rights, I acknowledge them, not grudgingly, but fully nnd fairly; and I would give them any legislation for the reclaiming of their fugi tives, which should not, in its stringency, be more likely to carry a free man into slavery that our ordinary criminal laws nre to hang an innocent one." Speech at Otlotca, III., Aug. 21, 1858. " Has anything ever threatened the existence of this Union, save and except this very institu tion of slavery ? What is it that we hold moat dear amongat us? Our own liberty and pros perity. What has ever threatened our liberty and prosperity, save and except this institution of slavery ? If this is true, how do you propose to improve the condition of things by enlarging slavery by spreading it out, and making it bigger ? " You may have a wen or cancer on your pcron, and not ho able to cut it out, leet you bleed to death ; but surely it is no way to cure it to engraft it, and spread it over your whole body. That is no proper way of treating what vou regard as a wrong." Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 1858. " I suppose most of us (I know it of myself) believe that the people of the Southern States are entitled to a Congressional fugitive slnve law. As the right ia constitutional, I agree that the legialatiou shall be granted to it, nnd that not that we like the ins'itution of slavery. We profess to have no taste for running and catching negroes ; at least, I profess no taste for that job at all. Why, then, do I yield sup port to a fugitive slave law? Because I do not understand that the Constitution, which guar anties that ribt, can be supported without H." Speech at Alton, Oct. 15, 858. "The real issue ill this controversy the one pressing upon every mind is tho sentiment on the part of one class that looks upon tho insti tution of slavery as a wrong, nnd of another class thnt does not look upon it as a wrong. 1 he sentiment that contemplates the institution of slavery in this country as a wrong, is the sentiment of the Republican party. The) look upon it as being n moral, social, and political wrong; and while they contemplate it as such, they nevertheless have due regard for its actual exiatence utnoug us, and the difficulties of get ting rid of it in any satisfactory way, and to all tho constitutional obligations thrown about it. Yet having a due regard for these, they deaire n policy in regnrd to it thnt looks to its not cre ating any more danger. They insist that it should, aa far as may be, be treated as a wrong ; and one of the methods of treating it as a wrong is to make provision that it shall grow no larger, it tliero be a man among us w no does not think that the institution of slavery is wrong in any ol the aspects ot which 1 have spoken, he ia misplaced, and ought not to be with us. And if there be n man amongst us who is so impatient of it ns a wrong as to dis regard its actual presence among ns, and the difficulty of getting rid of it suddenly in a sat isfactory way, and to disregard tho constitu tional obligations thrown about it, that man is misplaced if he is on our platform." Sjieechat Alton, Oct. 15, 1858." A JEW WORDS TO THE SOCTII. " We the Republicans, and others, forming the opposition of the country, intend to ' stand by our guns,' to be patient and firm, nnd in the long run to beat you. When we do beat you, you perhaps want to know what we will do with you. I will tell you, so far as I am au thorized to speak for the opposition, what we mean to do with you. We mean to treat you, as nearly as we possibly can, ns Washington, Jefferson, and Madison, treated you. We mean to leave )0u alone, and in no way interfere with your institution; to abide by every com promise of tbe Constitution ; ami, in a word, coming back to the original proposition, to treat you as far as degenerated men (if we have degenerated) may, according to the examples of those noble fathers Washington, Jefferson, and Madison. We menn to remember that )ou are as good as we are ; that there ia no dif ference between us, other than the difference of circumstances. We mean to recognise and bear in mind, always, that )ouhavc.as good hearta in your bosoms as other people, or as we claim to have, and to treat jou accord ingly. Speech at Ctiiiinnatt, Sept. 17, 1859. DOUGLAS AND JOHNSON PLATFORM. Ilesolied, lhat we, the Democracy of the Union, in Convention assembled, hereby de clare our affirmance of the resolutions uuani moil sly adopted and declared as a platform of principles by the Democratic Convention nt Cincinnati, in the year 185C, believing that Democratic principles are unchangeable in their nature, when applied to tho sume subject matter; nnd we recommend as the only further resolutions the following : Resolved, That it is the duty of the United States to afford ample and complete protection to nil its citizens, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or foreign. Ilesolied, That one of the necessities of the age, in a military, commercial, and postal point of view, ia speedy communication be tween the Atlantic and Pacific States; and the Democratic party pledge such constitution al government aid as will insure the construc tion of a railroad to the Pacific coast ut the earliest practicable period, Ilesolied, 'lhat the Democratic party nre in luvor of the acquisition of tho island ol Cuba, on such terms aa shall be honorable to our selves nod just to Spain. Ilesolied, That tho enactment of Stnte Leg islatures to defeat the faithful execution ol the fugitive slave law aro hostile1 in character, sub versive of the Constitution, uud revolutionary in their effect. Resohtd, That in accordance with the in terpretution of the Cincinnati platform, that, during tho existence of tho Territorial Govern ments, the measure of restriction, whatever it may be, iinpoaed by the Federal Constitution on tho power ol the Territorial Legislature over the subject of the domestic relatione, as the saino has been, or shall hereafter be, finally determined by the Supreme Court of the Uni ted States, should be respected by all good citizens, and enforced with promptness nnd fidelity by every branch of the General Government Organization of the Departments. STATU DHPARTMSKT. The whole machinery employed to conduct tbo business arising out of ur foreign relations with all the Powers of the world is far more simple than is generally conceived. The number em ployed In the Department of State of tbe United States Is only twenty-eight, as follows t One Sec retary of State, (lion. Lewis Cats,) one Assistant Secretary of State, (lion. John Appleton,) one Chief Clerk, one Superintendent of Statistics, twenty-two Cleiks, one Translator, and one Li brarian. Diplomatic Branch. This branch of tbe State Department has charge of all correspondence between the Department and other dipt malic ngents of tbe Unite States abrond, nnd those of. foreign Powers accredited to ttits uovcrnraent. In It all diplomatic Instructions sent from tbe Department, and communications to commission ers under treaties of boundaries, c, are pre pared, copied, and recorded ; nnd all of like char ade received are registered and filed, their con tents being first entered In an acalytic tuble or index. Contular Branch. This branch has charge of the correspondence, 4c, between the Department and tho con uls and commercial agents of tbe United States. In It Instructions to nose officers, nnd answers to their dispatches and to letters from other persons asking for consular agency, or relating to consular affairs, are prepared and recorded. The Disbursing Agent He has charge of all correspondence nnd other matters connected with accounts relating to any fund with the disburse ment of which the Department is charged. The Tramlator. His duties are to furnish such translations as the Department may require. He also records the commissions of consuls and vice consuls, when not in English, upon which exe quaturs arc issued. Clerk of Appointments and Commissions. He makes out and records commissions, letters of appointment, and nominations to tbe Senate; makes out and records exequaturs, and iccords, when In English, tbe commissions on which the) are Issued. Has charge of tho library. Clerk of the Rolls andArchues lie takes charge of the rolls, or enrolled acts and resolutions of Congress, as they are received at the Department from the President; prepares tbe authenticated copies thereof which a e called f.)r; prepares for, and superintends their publication, and that of treaties, in the newspapers and in book form; attends to tbeir distribution throughout the United Stntes, and that of all documents and pub lications In regud to which this duty is assigned to tbe Lepartment; writing and answering all letters connected therewith. Has charge of all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto. Clerk of Territorial BusinetsThe Seal of the Department, jc. He has charge of tbe seals of tbe United btules and of tbe Dtpartmeut, nnd prepares and attaches certificates to papers pre sented for authentication; has charge of the Ter ritorial business; immigration and registered sea mi n; records all letters from the Department, other than the diplomatic and consular. C erk of Vardons and Passports He prepares and records pardons and remissions; and regis ters and files tbe petitions and papers on wnich ihey are lourded. Makes out and records pass ports : k-e ns a dallr ri eister of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received, nnd of tbe disposition made of them; prepares letters relating to this butinecs. Superintendent of Statistics. He superintends tbe prfparatb n of the "Annual Report of the Secretary of State and Foreign Commerce," ns required by the acts ot 184 and ibou. ATTORNEY GKxTrAL'S OFFICE. Hon. Jeremiah S. Black, Attorney General of tbe United States ; A. II. McCalmont, Esq , Assist ant, i he ordinary business of this olbce may be classified under tbo following beads : 1. Official opinions on tbe current buslnes of the Government, as called for by the President, by any head ot Department, or by me solicitor of tbo Treasury. 2 Examination of the titlea of all land pur chased, as the sites of arsenals, custom-houses, light-houses, and all other public works of the United States 3. Applications for pardons in all cases of con viction in tbe courts ot tbe United States. 4. Applications lor appointment in all the ju dicial and legal business of tbe Government. 5. Tbe conduct and argument of all suits in the Supreme Court of the United States in which the Government is concerned. G Tbe supervision of all other suits arising in any of the Departments, when referred by the bend thereof to the Attorney General. To these ordinary beads ot tbe business of the office is added at the present time the direction Of all appeals on land claims in California. interioiTFepartment. Secretary of the Department of tbo Interior, Hon. Jacob Thbmpson, of the State of Missis sippi. Its clerical force consists of one Chief Clerk, (Moses Kelly,Esq ,) two Disbursing Clerks, and ten other regular Clerks ; and to its super vision and management are committed tbe fol lowing branches of tbe public S' rvlce : 1st. The Public Lands. The chief of this bu reau is called the Commissioner of tbe General Land Office. Tbe Land Bur au is charged with the survey, management, and salo of tbe public dornnln, and the issuingof titles theref jr, whether derived from confirmations of grant) made by former Governments, by sales, donations, of gran's for schools, military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise the revision ot Vir ginia mil tary bounty-land claims, and the issu ing of scrip in 1 eu thereof. The Land Office, also, audits Its own accounts, lha present Com missioner is Joseph S. Wilson. Its prlncli al ofbcerB are a Recorder, Chief Clerk, who also acts as Comm ssloner ad interim, Principal Clerk ot Surveys, besides a Draughtsman, Assistant Draughtsman, and some 150 Clerks of various grades. 2d. Pensions Tbe present head of tbls bureau is George C. Waiting, ol Virginia. Tbe Com- mis-lcucr is ebargtd w th the examinat on an i adjudication of all claims arisii g under the va rious ar.d numeroui laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions lor tbe mill tary or naval service In the revolutiouary and ubsequent wars In wbtcn tne unlti-d banes nave been engaged. He has one Chief Clerk, (John Robb, Esq ,) and a permanent corps, consisting of some seventy other Clerks. 3d. Indians. Commissioner of Indian Affairs, A. 1). Greenwood, of Arkansas. He is provided with a Chief 0 erk, and about fifteen other sub ordinate Clerks. 4th. Patent Office. lion. Philip F. Thomas, of Maryland, Commissioner of Patents. To this bureau is committed theeiecution aud p rforin anee of all "nots and things touching and re specting the granting and issuing of pa ents lor new and useful discoveries, inventions, and im provements;" the collection of stitlstlcs rela ting to agriculture ; tbe collection and distribu tion of seids, plauts, and cuttings. It has a Chhf Clerk who Is by law tbe acting Commis sioner of Patents In the absence of the Commis sioner twelve principal and twelve assistant Examiners of Patenta, some dozen subordinate permunent Cleiks, besides a consid ruble num ber ot temporary employees. Samuel T. bhu gert, Esq., Chief Clerk. Au act passed at tho last session of Congress prov ded that all bookB, maps, charts, and other publications, heretoforn deposited in the De partment of State, according to the laws regula ting copyrights, should be removed to tho De partment of the Interior, which is charged with all the duties connected with matters pertaining to copyright; which duties have been assigned by the Secretary of the Interior to the Patent Of fice, as belonging most appropriately to this branch of the service. Besides these four principal branches of (his new Executive Department, the organic act of 1849 transferred to it from the Treasury Depart ment the supervision of tbe accounts of the Uni ted States Marshals and Attorneys, and tho Clerks of tbe United States Courts, the manage ment of tbe lead and other mines of tho United States, atd tbe affairs of the penitentiary of the United States in the District of Columbia; and from tbe State Department tbe duty of taking and returning the censuses of the Unl cd States, and of supervising and directing tbe acts of the Commissioner of Public Buildings. The Hospi tal for the Insane of the army and navy and of the District of Columbia is also under the man agement of this Department; in addition to which, by laws recently passed, the Secretary of tbe Interioris charged with the construction cf the three wagon roads leading to the Pacific coast. Under act of February 6, 1859, "providing for keeping and distributing all public documents, all the books, documents, Ac, printed or pur chased by the Government," the Annals of Con gress, American State Papers, American Ar chives, Jefferson's and Adams's Works, are translerr.ed to this Department trom tbe state Department, Library of Congress, and elsewhere ; also, the Journals and Documents of tbe Thirty -fifth Congress. These valuable v orks are dis tributed to those who are by law entitled to re ceive them, nnd to such "colleges, public libra ries, athenaeums, literary and selenium Institu tions, boards of trade, or public associations," as shall be designated by tbe members of Con gress. The Department requires an additional build ing for its accommodation, and the erection of one has been repeatedly recommended during the last few years for that purpose. At present, the Pension Office is provided with rooms in what Is known as "Winder's Building," while the other branches cf the Department, Including the Secretary's office, are all crowded Into the Patent Office building, the whole ot which will be re quired at an early day tor th' use of tho Patent Office, lor which it was originally Intended. TREASURYDEPART.MENT. The Treasury Department consists of the offi ces of the Secretary of tbo Treasury, two Comp trollers, Commissioner of the Customs, six Au ditors, Treasurer, Register, Solicitor, Light-house Board, and Coast Survey. The following Is a brief Indication of tbe duties of these several offices, and of tbe force employed therein, respectively: Secretary's OfficeHan. Howell Cobb, Secre tary of tbe Treasury; Hon, Philip Cla) ton, Assist ant Secretary; one Engineer In Charge; ono Architect, and three Draughtsmen temporarily employed, and twenty-three Clerks. The Secre tary ol the Treasury is charged with tbe general supervision of tbe fiscal transactions of tbe Gov ernment, and of the execution of the laws con cerning the commerce and navigation of tho United States. He superintends the survey of the coast, the 1 gbt-bouse establishment, the ma rine hospitals ot the United States, and the con struction of certain public buildings for custom houses and other purposes. first Comptroller's Office. Hon. William Me dill, Comptroller, and fifteen Clerks. He pre scribes tbo mode of keeping and rendering ac counts for the civil nnd diplomatic service, n) well as tbe public lands, and revises and certifies tbe balances arising thereon. Second Comptroller's Office. J. M. Cults, Esq , Comptroller, and seventeen Clerks He prescribe.! the mode ot keeping and rendering the accounts of tbo Army, Navy, and Indian departments of tbe public service, nnd revises and certifies tbo balances arising thereon. Office of Commissioner of Customs. Samuel Ingham, Esq., Commissioner, and eleven Clerks. He prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the customs, revenue, and dis bursements, and for the building and repairing custom-houses, 4c, and revises and certifies tbo balances arising thereon. first Auditor's Office. Thomas L. Smith, Esq , First Auditor, and nineteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts the accounts of the customs revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expend itures on account ot the civil list, and under private acts of Congress, and reports the balances to tbe Commissioner of tbe Customs and the First Comptroller, respectively, for their decision thereon. Second Auditor's Office. Thomas J. D. Fuller, SccorM Auditor, and twenty-one Clerks. He re ceives and adjusts all accounts relating to tbe pay, clothing, and recruiting of the army, as well as armories, arsenals, and ordnance, and nil ac counts relating to the Indian department, and reports the balances to the Second Comptroller, for his decision, thereon. Third Auditor's Offce. Robert J. Atkinson, Esq , Third Auditor, and seventy-eight Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts tor subsist ence of tbe army, fortifications, Military Acad emy, military roads, and the Quartermaster's de partment, as well as for pensions, claims arising trom military services previous to 1810, and for bo ses and other property lost in tho military service, under various acta of Congress, and re ports the balances to tbe Second Comptroller, for his decision thereon. Fourth Auditor's OJice. A. J. O'Bannon, Esq , Fourth Auditor, and sixteen Clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for the service of the Navy Department, and reports the balances to tbe Second Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Ffth Auditor's Office Bartholomew Fuller, Esq , Fifth Auditor, and six Clerks. He re ceives nnd adjusts all accounts for diplomatic and similar services performed under tbe direc tion of tbe State Department, and reports the balances to tbe First Comptroller, for bis decision thereon. Sixth Auditor's Office Mr. Thomas M. Tate, Auditor ot the Treasury for the Post Ofbce De partment, and one hundred and fourteen Clerks, lie receives and adjusts all accounts arising from tbe service of tbe Post Orhce Department. His decisions are final, unless an appeal be taken in twelve mouths to the First Comptroller. He superintends tbe collection of all debts due the I'Ost Ofhce Department, and all penalties nnd forfeitures Imposed on postmasters and mall con tractors lor falling to do their duty ; he directs suits nnd legal proceedings, civil and criminal, and takes all such meusures as may be author ized by law to enforce tbo prompt payment of moneys due to the Department; instructing Uni ted States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, on all matters relating thereto; and receives returns from each term of the United States courts, ot tbe condition and progress of such suits and legal proceedings; has charge of all lands aud other property assigued to tbo United States in pa). ment ol debts due the Post Olhco Department, aud has power to sell and dispose ol the sume for tbe benefit of tbe United States. Treasurer's Office Samuel Casey, Esq , Trens urer, and thirteen Clerks. He rectives und keeps the moneys ol the United States In his own office, and that of the depositories created by the act ot the Oth o! August, 184b, and pajs out the same upon wairunls drawn by tho Secretary of the Trcasurj, countersigned by the First Comp troller, and upon warrants drawn by the Post master General, and countersigned by the Sixth Auditor, and recorded by tbe Register. Ho also holds public motitjs advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and pajs out tho same upon their checks. Register's Office -Finley Digger, Esq , Iteglster, and twenl) -nine Clerks. He keeps the accounts of public receipts and expenditures ; receives tbe returns and makes out the official statement ol commerce and n mgation of the United Stales ; and receives from the First Comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts aud vouchers decided by them, and Is charged by law with their sale keeping. Solicitor' tOffice. Hon, Junius Hlllyer, Solicitor, and six Clerks'. Ho superintends all civil suits commenced by the United States, except those amino in the Post Office Department,) and Instructs the United States attorneys, marshals, and clerks, In all matters relating to them nnd their results. He receives returns fi'om each term of the United States courts, showing tho progress and condition of inch suits ; has charge of all lands and other property assigned to the United States In payment or debts, (except those assigned inpayment of debts due the Pott Office Department,) and has power to sell nnd dispose of tbe same for the benefit of the United States. Liyht-Houte Board. Won. nowell Cobb, Sec retary of the Treasury, ez-officio President; Com. W. B. Shubrlck, United States Navy, Chairman; Commander E. G. Tllton, United States Navy ; Major A. II. Uowman, Corps of Engineers, Uni ted States Army ; Capt. A. A. Humphreys, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army ; Prof. Joseph Henry, Secretary of the Smith sonlan Institution ; Prof. A. I). Bacbe, Super intendent of tbe Const Survey ; Commander Ra phael rjrmroes, United states Navy, and Captain W. F. Smith, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, members, the last two being also Secretaries ; and five Clerks. Tbls board directs the building and repairing of light houses, light-vessels, beacons, aud buoys, con tracts for supplies, and governs tbe personnel of the establishment. . United States Coast Survey. Professor A. D. Bacbe, LL. D., Superintendent, anil Superintend ent of Weights and Measures. Capt. William R. Palmer, Corps Topographical Engineers, United States Army, in charge of the Coast Survey Office ; Lieut. A. P. Hill, United States Array, Assistant. Assistant W. P. Trowbridge, computer of longitudes. Assistant Chas. A. Schott, in charge of com puting division. Assistant L. F. Pourtales, In charge of tidal division. Liout. Thomas Wilson, United States Army, in charge of drawing division. Mr. Edward Wharton, ncting in charge of en graving division. Lieut. John R. Smcad, United Stntes Army, In charge, of miscellaneous divisions. Samuel Heln, Disbursing Agent. George Mathlot, Electrotypist. Joseph Saxton, Assistant to Superintendent of Weights and Measures. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Hon. Joseph Holt, Postmaster General. The direction and management of the Post Office De partment nre assigned by tbe Constitution and laws to the Postmaster General. That its busi ness may be tbe more conveniently arranged and prepared for his final action, it is distributed among several bureaus, as follows: The Ap pointment Office, In charge of tho First Assistant Postmaster General ; the Contract Office, In charge of tho Second Assistant Postmaster Gen eral ; the Finance Office, in charge of the Third Assistant Postmaster General; and the Inspec tion Office, in charge of the Chief Clerk. Appointment Office. Horatio King, Esq., First Assistant Postmaster General, nnd nineteen Clerks. To this office are assigned all questions which relate to the establishment and discon tinuance of post offices, changes of sites and names, appointment and removal of postmasters and route and local agents, as also tbe giving of instructions to postmasters. Postmasters are furnished with marking and rating stamps and letter balances by this bureau, which is charged also with providing blanks and stationery for the use of the Department, and with the superin tendence of the several agencies established for supplying postmasters with blanks. To this bureau is likewise assigned tbe supervision of the ocean mail steamship lines, and of the foreign and international postal arrangements. Contract Office. William II. Dundas, Esq , Second Assistant Postmaster General, nnd twenty-six clerks. To this office is assigned the business of arranging tbe mail service of the United States, and placing the same under con tract, embracing all correspondence and proceed ings respecting the frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, and times of departures and arri vals on all the routes ; the course of the mall between tbe different sections of the country, the points of mall distribution, and the regula tions lor tbe government of tho domestic mail service of the United States. It prepares the advertisements for mail proposals, receives the bids, and takes charge of tbe annual and occa sional mail lcttings, and tbe adjustment and exe cution of tbe contracts. All applications for tbe establishment or alteration of mall arrange ments, and the appointment of Mall Messengers, should be sent to tbls office. All claims should be submitted to It for transportation service not under contract, as the recognition of said service is first to be obtained through tbe Contract Office, as a necessary authority for the proper creditsnt the Auditor's Office. From this ofhce all postmasters at the ends of routes receive tbe statement of mall arrangements prescribed for tbe respective routes. It reports weekly to the Auditor all contracts executed, nnd all orders adectlng accounts for mail transportation ; pre pares the statistical exhibits of the mail service, und the reports of the mall lettlngs, giving a statement of each bid ; also, of the contracts made, the new service originated, the curtail ments ordered, and tho additional allowances granted within the year. Finance Office. A. K. Zcvely, Esq , Third As sistant Postmaster General, and twenty-one clerks. To this office are assigned the supervis ion and management of the financial business of tbe Department, not devolved by law upon the Auditor, embracing accounts with the draft offices and other depositaries of the Department, the Isb ilng of warrants and drafts In payment of balances reported by tbe Auditor to be due to mall contractors and other persons, tbe supervis ion of the accounts of offices under orders to deposit their quarterly balances at deslgna'ed points, and tho superintendence of the rendition by postmasters of their quarterly returns of postages. It has charge of the Dead-Letter Ofhce, of the Issuing of postage stamps and stamped cnvelopea for the prepayment of post age, nnd of the accounts connected therewith. To the Third Assistant Postmaster General all postmasters should direct their quarterly returns ot postage ; those at draft offices, their letters reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their olhces ; and those at depositing offices, their cer tificates of deposit; to him should also be di rected the weekly and monthly returns of tho depositaries of the Department, as well ns all applications and receipts for postage stamps and stamped envelopes, and for dead letters. Inspection Office. Benj. N. O'ementJ, Esq., Chief Clerk, and seventeen clerks. To this office ia assigned tho duty of receiving nnd examining the registers of tho arrivals and departures ol tho mails, certificates of the service of route ugenta, and reports of mall failures ; of noting the delinquenciea of contractors, and preparing eases thereon for the action of the Postmaster General ; furnishing blanks for mall registers, and reportB of mall failures; providing and sending out mall bags and mail locks and keys, and doing all other things which may bo neces sary to secure a tdthlul and exact performanoe ot all mail contracts. All cases of mail depredation, of violation of law by private expresses, or by the forging or illegal use of postage statu s, are under the su pervision of this cilice, and should be reported to it. All communications respecting lost money, letters, mail depredations, or other violations of law, or mall locks and keys, should be directed, "Chiel Clerk, Post Office Department." All registers of the arrivula and departures of the mails, certificates of the service of route agents, rei oris of mull failures, applications for blank registers, and reports of failures, and all complaints against contractors for irregular or Imperfect service, should be directed, "Inspection ODlce, Post Office Department." NAVY DEPARTMENT. Tho Navy Department consists of tbe Navy Department proper, being the office of tbe Sec retary and ot five bureaus attached thereto, viz : Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Equipment, nnd Repair, bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureeu of Ordnance and Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. The following Is a statement of the duties of each of these offices, and of the force employed therein: Secretary's Office. Uoa. Isaac Touccy, Secre tary of the Navy; Charles W. Welsh, Esq., Chief Clerk, and eleven Clerks. The Secretary ot the Navy has charge of everything connected with the naval eiUblishment, and the execution ot all laws relating thereto Is intrusted to him, und r the gei.cral direction of the President of the United State, who, by the Constitution, is Uommanuer-ln-cnlel ot lue Army and navy. All Instructions to commanders of squadrons and commanders of vessels, all orders of officers, commissions of officers both in the navy and marine corps, appointments of commlistoned and warrant officers, orders for the enlistment and discharge of seamen, emanate from the Sec retary's Office. All the dutlei of tho different bureaus aro performed under the authority of the Secretary, and tbclr orders are considered as emanating from bim. Tbe general superin tendence ot the marine corps form I also apart of the duties of the Secret ry, and all the orders of the commandant of that corps should be ap proved by him. Bureau of Navy Yards and Docks. Commo dore Joseph Smith, Chief of the Bureau, fonr Clerks, oneCivil Engineer, and one Draughtsman. All the navy yards, docks, and wharves, build ings and machinery in navy yards, and every thing immediately connected with them, are under the superintendence of this bureau. It Is also charged with tho management of the Naval Asylum. Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and iZe pair. John Lenthall, Esq., Cbiet of the Bureau, eight Clerks, and one Draughtsman. Tho office of the Enginecr-ln-chlcf of the Navy, Samuel Archbold, Esq , Is attached to this bureau, who is assisted by three assistant engineers. This bureau has charge of the building and repairs of all vessels of war, purchase of materials, and the providing of all vessels with their equipments, ns sails, anchors, water tanks, he. The Engl-neer-in-chlef superintends tbe construction of all marine steam engines for the navy, and, with the approval of the Secretary, decides upon plans for their construction. - Bureau of Proiisions and Clothing. H. Bridge, Purser United States Navy, Chief of Bureau, and four Clerks. All provisions for the use of the navy, and clothing, together with the making of contracts for furnishing the same, como under the charge of this bureau. Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography. Copt. Duncan Ingraham, Chief of Bureau, four Clerks, and one Draughtsman. This bureau has charge of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manu facture or purchase of cannon, guns, powder, shot, shells, tc, and tbe equipment of vessels of war, with everything connected therewith. It also provides them with maps, charts, chronom eters, barometers, &c, together with such books as are furnished ships of war. "The United States Naval Observatory and Hydrographlcal Office" at Washington, and tbe Naval Academy at Annapolis, are also under the general super intendence of the Chief of tbls Bureau. Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Dr. William Whelan, Surgeon United States Navy, Chief of Bureau; one Passed Assistant Surgeon United States Navy, and two Clerks. Everything rela ting to medicines and medical stores, treatment of sick and wounded, and management of hos pitals, comes within the superintendence of this bureau. WAR DEPARTMENT. Hon. J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War, W. R. Drlnkard, Chief Clerk, se-en Clerks, two 11 r sengers, and one Laborer. The following bu reaus are attached to tbls Department. Commanding General's Office. This office, at the head of which is Lieutenant General Scott, is at New York. Adjutant OeneraVs Office. Col. Samuel Coop er, Adjutant General. Assistants Major E. D. Townsend, Major W. A. Nichols, Capt. S. Wil liams, nnd Capt. J. P. Garcscbe ; Judge Advo cate, Major John F. Lee; ten Clerks and one Messenger. In this office are kept all tbe records which refer to tbe peraonnel of the army, tbe rolls, Ac. It is here that all military commis sions are made out. Quartermaster OeneraVs Office. Brevet Major General T. S. Jesup, Quartermaster General. Assistants Major E. S. Sibley, Brevet Major H. 0. Wayne, and Urevet Major J. Belger ; eleven Clerks and ono Messenger. Paymaster Oenerals Office. Col. B. F. Lamed, Pa) master General, Lieut. Col. T. P. Andrews, District Paymaster; seven Clerks and one Mes senger. Commissary Generate Office General George Gibson, Commissary General ; Assistant, Capt. A. E. Sblras; six Clerks and one Messenger. Surgeon General's Office. Gen. Thomas Law son, Surgeon General ; Assistant, Dr. It. 0. Wood ; three Clerks and one Messenger. Engineer Office. Gen. Joseph O. Totten, Chief Engineer; Assistant, Captain II. G. Wright; fire Clerks and one Messenger. Topographical Bureau. Col. J. J. Abert, Colo nel of the Corps ; Assistant, Capt. I. 0. Wood ruff; fire Clerks and ono Messenger. Ordnance Bureau. Col. II. K. Craig, Colonel of Ordnadce; Assistant, Capt. William Mayna dler; eight Clerks and one Messenger. BELL AND EVERETT PLATFORM. Whereas experienco has demonstrated that platforms adopted by the partisan Conventions of tho country have had the effect to mislead and deceive the people, and at the samo timo to widen tho political divisions of tho country, by tho creation and encouragement of geograph ical and sectional parties : therefore, Revoked, That it is both the part of patriot ism nnd of duty to recognise no political prin ciple other thnn the Constitution of tho country, the union of the States, and the enforcement of the laws ; and that ns representatives of the Constitutional Union men of the country, in National Convention assembled, we hereby pledge ourselves to maintain, protect, and de lend, separately and unitedly, these great prin ciples of public liberty and national safety against all enemies, at home and abroad, be lieving thereby peuco may jonce more bo re stored to tho country, the just rights of tho people and of the States re-estublishcd, and tho Govermeut again placed in that condition of justice, fraternity, und equality, which, under tho example and Constitution of our fathers, has solemnly bound every citizen of tho United States to maintain u more perfect union, estab lish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, pro vido tor thu common defence, promoto the gen eral welfare, and secuiu tho biCBsings of liber ty to ourselves and our posterity. STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY, Corner of Indiana avenue and S.cond street, U'ashiniton, D. C. 'QJZ BOOKS, Pamphlets, Wood Engravings, and Jobs of all kinds, Stereotyped to order. A variety of Business Cuts on hand, for sale, cheap for cash. 0. W. MURRAY, Stereotyped.