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sWSPrrft61 :--av3--s44 : Y '"Our publication office ti on Seventh street, adjoining Adannon rrnortical uepot, and opposite the General Post Office. NATIONAL REPUBLICAN. Thursday, March 14, 1861. A WORD TO BUSINESS MEN'. This paper has now a circulation iu this city larger ttiau all the city papers combined, with the exception or one, and therefore affords a most excellent advertising medium. THE INAUGURAL. Copies of tho inaugural address, in pamphlet form, can bo had ut this office. Price, fifty cents per hundred. tvS" Tho Sonata yesterday confirmed the following nominations: George W. McLellan, of Massachusetts, to be Second Assistant Postmaster Geuernl. Dewitt C. Litllijohn, of New York, to be Consul to Liverpool, and Win. II. Vosey, of tho samu Stale, Consul to Aix-la Chapclle ; and Goorge Harrington, of the District of Colum bia, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Colonel Sumner was nominated as Brigadier General, iu tho place of General Twiggs, (stricken from the roll by order of President Buchanan for being a " traitor.'') James M. Edmunds, of Michigan, was also nominated as Commissioner of tho General Land Office. ft&r The Confederate States Commissioners have, as yet, done nothing of special note. S&- We understand that both Mr. Corwin and Mr. Clay decline the missions to Mexico and Spain, which have beeu tendered them. J53?Mr. Fessendcn has introduced a resolution expelling all the Senators of the seceded States from the-United States Senate, on the ground that they had reuounced their allegiance to tho Government. This is designed, wo sup pose, to supersede the resolution of Mr. Foster for tho expulsion of Mr. Wigfall, which would seem invidious, and invito them nil to the same feast. tgyThe nomination of Col. Sumner to the Brigadier Generalship gives great satisfaction to tho officers of the Army who are justly ten acious of the rule of regular promotion. Tin country will see to it that Major Anderson is suitably rewarded fur bis gillaut sirvices and loyalty under the most trying circumstances. tSf We are gratified to learn that John L. Hayes, E-q., an old and highly respected citi zen, has bejn appointed Solicitor of tho Court of Claims. His appointment has been made strictly in accordance with the rule which we hava before taken occasion to commend, that professional recomendatious to offices of this character should have tho dedided preference to the political. John Mitchel does not receive ranch encourugement in his cffirts to convert the nations o' Euro,e to his own views iuiegard to the ' peculiar institution," ns appears from the following extract from his last Paris Utter to the CiarleiUn Mircurtj : "On tho whole, I would beg m03t earnestly to impress upon you tho conviction tint in Europe generally, but in E igl.mil pntirulurly, you have no chance, mi touts standi, no pre tension to bu ( ousidor.d as Cmulinii men, or perhaps j human lumj", excel t the cotton field alutie. But for that, und tin- interest hanging upon that, you would be hunted Irorn the luce of the c nth, end erased fiom creation by tho indignant vuico of uu outraged nine teenth centurv 1" The fjllnwing resolution in relation to inter national copyrights was recently offered in the Southern Congieas, at Montgomery, by Mr. 'P. It. II. Cobb, of Georgia, and udoptcd : " Whereas Great Britain, France, Prussia. Saxony, and other European Powers, have passed laws to secure to authors of other Stalls the benefit and privileges of their copyright laws, upon condition cl similar privilfgis be ing granted bv the laws of such States to au thors, the subjects of the Powers aforesaid; therefore, be it " JlevJuJ, by the Congteii of I'te Cmifeder ale States, That tho President be and he is hereby authorized to instruct the Commission ers appointed by him to visit the European Powers, to enter into treaty obligations fur the cxtensiun of international cop) right privileges to all authors, the citizens and subjects of the Powers atoresaid." North British Rev iew. Among the many reviews which high intellectual, moral, and national civilization necessarily develops, few contain matter of more practical utility, and none perhnis sustain superior literary merit, than the North British. The number before us (Fubruarv) contains eleven articles, somo of them especially inter esting at the present time. Wo have long thought that the sterling worth of the world's reviews has not been as fully ap preciated as they richly deserve. Taylor A. Maury, Pennsylvania avenue, near Ninth street, are the agents. BO" Tho Wnshiugton correspondent of the Press, Philadelphia, tnys: ' " I think it may be taken for granted that botliMcssrs. Forsvlh and Craw'ord, the com missioners ot the Southern Confederacy, now in this citr, despair not alone ol tho success of their commission, but of the Confederacy itself. Forsyth is a strong Union man at he irl, mid cannot but feel and see, Irom all the evidences around him, that he is luinsc-lt in a falsi) posi tinn, and that the ultras who have hurried Alabama into her present dilemma (an never permanently hold tho confidence of the people of that State." The Washington correspondent of tho N. Y. Tribune says: "Tho nomination of Mr. Corwin as Minister 10 Mexico was quite unexpected to him, nnd was not desired. It is only three days niueo ho urged upon the President the selection of an other person ns peculiarly fitted fur this post. Mr. 1iocnln nominated him without any con ference whatever, nnd was influenced mainly by the leslre to securo his services in currying out the P"-v which Mr, Corwin has advocated in and out of Congress, as most desirable for our future commercial, political, and diplomatic nlntinns with that republic. If he consents to accept that mision at all, which is yet unde termined, it will be for the purpose of inducing Mexico to adopt this policy, and for no other r, uson. In this view, the mission is now among the most important in the whole service. The agents of Jefferson Davis are there, endeavoring to oltnin recognition." THE POLICY OF THE ADMINISTRA TION. The question as to the policy of the Admin istration in this, the most eventful crisis of our history, presses home upon the American heart, creating a profound and painful anxiety, throughout the length and breadth of the land, which can be allayed by no pomps of inaugu ration and no distribution of Federal offices. In judging of this policy, we look only to tho sentiments of Mr. Lincoln's inaugural, as seen in the light of his political antecedents and personal character, nnd to the course of events by which this policy not its distinctive prin ciple, but its application to particular cases must, or course, in some measure, be controlled. Tue inaugural enunciates two cardinal propo si ions : First, "that tho laws (shall) be faith fully executed in all the States;" second, that "the course thus indicated will be followed with a view to n peaceful solution of our na tional troubles." To reconcile this seeming incongruity in the practical operation of tho Government, is the most delicato and difficult task of the present Administration. So far as its general policy is concerned, this is suffi ciently obvious, being as briefly stated in the inaugural, " to hold, occupy, and possess the propetty and places belonging to the Govern ment, and to collect the duties on imports." The questions of retaking tho forts captured by the seceded States and oi the mode in which the revenue shall be collected, may be snfely left to be decided in the future, after the most ample consideration. The first and most grav c responsibility which meets the Administration is in refcrenco to Tort Sumter, inasmuch as its present condition imperatively requires imme diate action. Shall it be relieved or evacuated, is tho simple question. One tr ing is clear, no half-way policy can be adopted. The troops must bo at once withdrawn from the fort, or they must be at once reinforced. The idea of leaving seventy men cooped up in a Govern ment fortification to perish by stnrvnlion or ns sault in the prcenco uf thirty million of people looking on in fearful solicitude and hopeless imbecility, is not to be tolerated for a moment. Tho consequences of such a catastrophe are fearful to contemplate. The blood of these brave and loyal men crying ulojil for ven geance, and for the redress of the iinulted nnd disgraced honor of the nation, would demand the rccapturo of the fort, as the alternativ e of a Northern revolution, at whatever cost of life and treasure, and the country would be inevita bly precipitated into civil war whose end no man could foresee. Shall the troops then bo withdrawn or rein forced? 'lhere is much that may bo uigod with great plausibility upon both sides of the question. On the one tide, it is said that by such withdrawal the Government iu effect ab dicates its trust, and with its own hand hauls down the old Hag upon ono ot its on fortifi cations beforo the rebel forces, which are nr rajel against it ; that it virtually jields to rev olution and recognises secession as an accom plished fact; that thereafter it must relinquish the other forts and nhtiidou nil thought of tho collection of the iivcuuc; and that the principle is conceded lint the Government can onlv be maintained, it at all, by moral suasion. On the other hand, tho evacuation of Tort Sumter is pronounced a military'tiecessity. The oldest and ablest uiilil iry and naval comm tnd ers in tho service are understood so to regard it. The vessels of war necessary for tho effect ual relief of the fort cojIJ not bo concentrated at the port of Charleston in season to accom plish it, and there is no available force to man them. Again, tin- fort does not commaud the entrance to a great inland sea, like the forts of Flor da, and its occupation is chiefly desirable for lo a1 dcfeiico, that of the harbor and State of South Carolina, which, in these times, there is no hardship in leaving the State to lojk to itself. Lven if actual war existed between the Government and the State, the furt is not worth nil it it would cost to reinforce, nnd the true policy of war dictates no useless cxpnd ture of life nnd treasure. General Scott, it is said, fa vors this opinion the old hero whose loyally shines as bright as the sun at noonday, and in following whoso counsels disgraca can never come upon any people. If this assumed neces sity exists and of this the Government has the best, if not the only means of judgment then there is nothing more to bo said ; tho ques tion is concluded. If the withdrawal of the troops is determined by this necessity and this, in our view, could alone justify it then it involves no surrender of principle. It is no "acknowledgment of the defeat of the Federal Government," or that "tho Union is utterly dissolved, past nil possi bility of reconstruction, except by the most ab ject concessions." It would form no precedent fjr the surrender of any other fort not in the same extreme peril. It has no sort of connec tion with the collection of tho revenue, which is, after nil, the practical test of the Govern ment, nnd the vital condition of the Union. Nay, may it not be that the firmness of the Gov ernment may be more conspicuously illustrated, and with less offence, if it should yield what, after all, may be regardod, in n great measuro, a; a point of pride, rather than needletsltj, as many would regard it, plunge the country into war? The exception to a rulo often brings into greater distinctness, or, in other words, " proves the rule" itself. The question of principle being disposed of, that of policy mny well be considered ; not as determining tin) former, but ns throwing nd dilioanl light upon it. Iu the first i lace, it is doubtless truo thnt the officers of tho army and navy, however loyal they may bo iu their feelings, and how ever prepjred lo obey lho orlrrsof tho Gov ernment, would feel it lo bo tho most paiuful duty of their lives to go to tht reinforcement of Fort Sumter. They must naturally reluct against taking op arms against their country raon.in bloody conflict in a time of peace, or at least without proclamation of war. Is it wise or humane to subject their loyally lo so-! evera a test, unless there is the most impera tive necessity for so doing. Again, tho leaders of revolution ardently desire that the attempt at reinforcement should be made. Thr-y would, if possible, put the Government in a f ilc position, ns seemingly striking the first blow. Their only hope of success in their revolutionary movement is by provoking a war, in which the border States would mako common cause with the secedud, and be dragged into eventual secession. Is it best to gratify them ? In the next place, the true Union men of the South, who are tho best judges of their own position, nnd of the public sentiment of their own section, desire that tho relief of lho fort should not be attempted. They are strong ly of the opinion that they would be greatly strengthened nt home, nnd the loyalty of the doubtful confirmed, by the solid assurance thus given that the policy of the Administra tion is not of subjugation, but of selfde fence that it is pacific and conciliatory. They feci that South Carolina should be treated not as a revolted province, but as n disobedient child, to whom forbearance should bo shown, and who should bo reclaimed by a wise paternal authority, but not destroyed. Lastly, our Government is n peculiir one. It is nu experiment of the self government of tho people. It is founded, not so much on brute force, as on moral power. If by that moral power it can achieve a bloodless victory over those who have conspired ,against it, if it can accomplish a peaceful solution of our na tional troubles, and in time bring back the seceded States into their orbit of ob-dicnt revo lution round the central authority, it would afford a spcctaclo for the admiration of the world. In all other countries, n revolution such ns ro have experienced, would have caused rivers of human blood to tlow ; if in our own it shall be subdued by the natural nnd le gitimate operation of the Government in the execution of the laws, and by the returning conviction of its superior Westings uud adapt edness to our political condition, it will be the most sublime, and perhaps ultimate, triumph of representative institutions. Wo havo thus favored the policy of peace iu the present emergency. We may hnvo erred, for to err is human; but if so, wo feel confi dent that we have erred in the direction in which the. public mind of tho couulry is tending. Very few of us, wo apprehend even those who have been most strenuous for the maintenance of the Government by the high hand of power do not find Ihat n gradual "chnngc has come over the spirit of oui dream" within (he past few weeks, nud that time has softened the asperities of our feeling. Should nut this fact remind us of the danger thit the clearness ol our vision may be obscured by the excitement of the hiur, and nlmonish us that wo do not allow any remiius of human passion and vin dictive tentiinciit to incite ns to a course our calm and more dclibeiate judgment might not approve. Lat us all lojk at the present difficulties calmly, trustingly, in tho full con viction of light nnd purpose of duty, and in cheerful reliance upon that Piovidcnce which has heretofore guided our destinies as a people, and we muy yet bo enabled to say: "It is will" with the couuliy. Toi oursrlvev'enre willing toleavetue grave question to the decision of those to whom it is committed by the Cjiistitution and the laws, up on whom its ch'i f responsibility rests, nnd who c njoy the best opportunities of forming a broad and comprehensive judgment upou it ; and i have all eoulidcnco that this decision, as it will be guided by hone-sty and sobiiety, by wisdom and patriotism, so it will receive tho geuernl aud generous ajq roval of the American peotlc. tSJ The .X 3". Titbunc has the following: "The following is r.n extract fiom a piiv.ate letter received in this city by one ol cm work men, from his Irolher in Chaileston. 'lliose are the men with whom the miserablo traitor Jeff. Divis is to inaieh upon tho Northern Stales. Wo begin to kel peifcctly easy about the nttucl: on Port bnnter. ''Cnjfiti.E-.Tov, lb. 20, 1H31. "'Now something nbout politics. Here everybody is a soldier. I havo been iu the field service tho past two mouths. A sol dier, und how? ith shoes without soles, poor food, mil norso clothing. Mi God havu mer cy. Should thu North raaich an army down here, two thirds of our men would join them. Don't be sui prised that all people hero seem to be in favor of secession Otherwise, many a poor fellow would bo starving. Whoever re luscs to be a soldici mu.,t leave tho city. Fort Sumter still stands quietly, and the garrison appears to be in good spirits. Our army have nut yet attacked it. Tho ustcs appear to betoo stupid to undertake it. In order to do that, they want another Garibaldi, or keep their mouths shut. Humor has it (hut it is to ho taken ne.t week without fail. The commander, Mnjor An dcrson, I have known iu Florida, and believe him to be a brave man.' '' For the National Itsubllcin. Ni i.ih Exi'Lan'ation". An adi ntiteiiient ap peared in the Star ol Saturday evening 1 ist, in favor of tho appointment of our esteemed fellow citizen, General Ed. C. Cairinglon, to tho office of Distuct Attorney, ' bnsiiu his claims, iu part, upon his lale mil'lnry services iu " or ganizing, perfecting, mil drilling'' a volunticr militia corps in this city. In a speech solicit ing volunteers, made by Genual C. iu tho Seventh Ward, on the evening of tho 9th of January lust, ho alluded to a report "that ho had undertaken this movement becanro he w nhcd to lay thu loundilion lor the District Attorneyship under lho lneonnug Administra tion," aud denounced the n poitnsaii "infamous imputation," and tho author ol it as n"an dercrmvl a hat." Iludc el.ued,nlso, that " he. wanted no oIIkp,'' nud tin r, by got ci edit for disiuteic&led patriotism. Who could huvo been su malicious its to publish (uud uy for) nu udvcrlisanu'iit ti iidiug to en iilethi inipiissiou that the report, no indi 'nnntly di nicd, is not altogether unfounded Surily it cnuld not liavo been dunu with tho sanction ol Lien. U. Aud yot, although s lid ndvciliieiucut has beau tho subject ol reninik iu tho ei'y for suverul days, tho Geucial has not repudiated it. Per haps ho has overlooked it. Q, EXTRA SES3I0S OF THR SENATE. Valneiday, .1jtci 13, lefil. Mr. Douglas offered lho following resolution, which was rend for information, llesohed, That the Secretary of War bo ro quested In inlorm tho Senate what forts, arse nnls, navy jnids, and other public works, within the limits ot the Slatcsof South Carolina, Geor gia, Floiida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, nnd Texas, are now wllhiu lho actual possession and occupation of thu United States, and by what number of men each is garrisoned and held, nnd whether reinforcement nre necessary to retain the same; and, if so, whether lho Gov ernment has the power and means, under ex isting laws, to supply such reinforcements with in such time us the exigencies nnd necessities of the case may demand : and whether the de fence nnd protection of the United btate and their interests make it necessary and wise to retain military possession of such fort k, places, andotherproperty,exccpt at Key West nnd Tor lugas, nnd to recapture mid reoccupy such others ns the United Slates have beeu deprived of by seizure) or surrender, for any other pnr pose, and with a view to any olher end than the subjugation and occupation of those Slates which have assumed the right to secede from the Union, .and within whoso, limits such forts and other public property lire situated ; and. it such be the motives for recapturing nnd hold ing the foils nnd oilier public property, what military force, including regulars and volun teers, would be necessary to enablo the United States lo reduce tho Slates nforesiid, and such others as nro supposed to sympathize with Ihem, to the subjection and obedience to the laws ol the Union, nnd to protect the Federal capital. Objection being raised, the resolution lies over till to morrow. Mr. Fcssoiiden offered a resolution, that Messrs. Benjamin of Louisiana, Brown nnd Davis of Mississippi, Clay of AlabamaMallory of Florida, and Toombs of Georgia, having an nounced that they aro no longer members of the Senate, their seats have become vacant, nnd the Secretary of the Senate is directed to strike their names from the roll of members. The resolution lies over. After nn Executive session, the Senate ad journed. DEPARTMENTAL. AiTMXTMFNTs. M. II. Cobb, Esq , of Penn., has been appointed disbursing clerk of tho War Department, in placo of Mr. John Potts, promoted lo the chief clerkship. Professor Muson, of Tennessee, has been ap pointed to a vacant $1,200 clerkship in the General Post Office Department. Mr. Hutchins, lately clork toCommiltco on Nnvul Affairs, lloufo of Representatives, hss been nppointcd to ft $1,200 clerkship in tho Interior Department. Hi.sicvATiox. T. C. Da Leon, of Louisiana, a $1,200 clerk in the War Department, has re signed. Removals. B. P. Porter, a $1,200 clerk in the Census Office, was removed on Tuesday. Howard Tuylur, n watchman in tho General Pest Office Department, has received n notifi uition that his turvices will not be required af ter tho :Ust inst. Bella, Bella, IIontnA Bella 1 The Charleston corespondent ol tho Richmond Dii patch is becoming terribly oracular iu his com munications to that journal. His letter of the 7th instant is strongly spiced with the following sanguinnry hints: " The project which I hinted at yesterday of an invading army, I find is now the order of the day, nnd that the battleground will be changed fro n South Carolina to another lo cality not ten thousand miles from you, is, in my ju leruiuiit, ti fixed fact. If I were to predict that iu sity days tho city of Washington wculd be razed so that n ploughshare should be run iivur the place whcie now Lincoln nervously icstc, und that magnificent monument of former sfreatness, tho Capitol, would be blown tky high, 1 might no', in such n prediction, bo ti falo prophet. I, like many n Southern man, have a lew cents invested in that other monu ment begun y.'nrs ago to lho memory of George Washington, which monument, if left to Black Repiibliinn keeping, I hope to see rent in twain tioui lop to bottom. Some of your submission readcra may call this vandalism. It matters not with inn what liny c ill it; that monument will never be ullowed to stand oil Black Rcpub lit. in coil, and you may tnKo that ns unolher prediction. Jf )ou will look to the Couiiu, of the dnto of the Bib instant, jou will see my in vading plot hinted ut there. ' The Southern heart is tired now, and that fire will not be easily quenched, nor will it be, I fear, unless it bo quenched iu htojd.' " Wo heard heavy cannonading seaward this morning, at nbout sunrise the city was agog. It turned out that 'tho Crusader' was expected last night, nnd tho guns were ' shotted,' aud thia morning they were unsliolUid, " The floating bbllery is iioivBKly for mount ing, and they wait for two heavv guns of the Dahlgrcu order. The front of the battery is about four feet Ihiek, made bo by four thick uesse-s ot Pulmetto logs and the planking and iiou. If they can ever get it securely anchored, Anderson may vent his rage and it will all be abortive. Anderson bus not a mnrtiir in his prison at nil, apd if he throws shells it will be out of n Colmubiad, und they are said lo ho entirely unsuited lo that work. Fort Sumter is the hollow tree, Anderson is tho old buck baro ice will smoke him out." Ax Owxer'u RioiiT to the Soil Fikintixo ov Stiilkts. Judge Mellon decided on Wed nesday that parties onninu ground fronting on streets or alleys nro entitled to soil to the middle thereof, and that a city or boiough has no other than a light of way therein, nnd such other nets upon them as may bo necessary to keep them in repair; that a city or borough cannot excavate lho stone, giavel, sand, or other mateiial therein, for lho purpose of mak ing incichandiso of it, nor nuthoil7o any one to do so ; nud that lho owner of n lot or alley can sustain nu action of trespass against any one entering into lho street or alley in front of him, between the lino of his lot and tho middle of lho street, for tho purpose of taking out ma terial, or for disposing thereof to others. Under this decision, the jury in the caso of Chailes Slipper and David Graham rs. Samuel Hood, rendered n verdict of $100. The authorities of Manchester gave defendant the privilege to remove sand from the street fronting plaintifl's property, iu that borough, and a suit foi tres p.i!3 being brought, it resulted as above stated. 1'itlsbnrgh Diipatch. II. O.Bulklcy, of Kalamazoo, Michigan, has made the discovery that, by slightly steaming Chineso sugar cano beforo it is prcsked, all tho juice can bo easily extracted with a common set of pressure lollcrs. As the pressing ol this cane constituted the chief difficulty with farm crs in obtaining syrup from it, this discovery is of great iuipoitauco to them. It having been stated that good3 shipped for noil-seceding States by w.i) o! Savannah, would bo inude to pay duties ut th it port, lho Collector there suys : " Dului nil! not be requited on goods pass ing thiough this port, and dtstined for Slates not belonging to tho Confederates. Unless in structions to tho contrary shall he received, lho only obligation that will bo required is, that such goods will, in good faith, pass to their des tination, and not be stopped in the Confederato States." - UKSArc Railway Bridom, Tha well known American enfdneor, John B. Jervis, says i "The length of time timber will last in n bridge is quite uncertain, and there is danger thnt it will bo trusted too long for safe ty. The first decay will bo in the joints of framing, and in the interior of scantling ; this may be to a seriout extent, whle all apoied to obset nation appeals sound and safe. The trav eller on lho ruilwuy cannot examine the bridge he must depend on the railway agont, under the proprietary interest in the question ; and the agent may be satisfied with the exterior ; or from other cause neglect the proper exam ination until some train falls through, when it will be sadlr certain that it should not have been trusted so long. I have seen tho record of tour serious clisisters thu past year Irom tuo (living way of bridges, causing tho loss of fifteen lives, and iujiuing forty-seven persons. Others, less serious to life, have been attended with great loss of properly. The present year will not be less disastrous." Mr. Jervis also speaks of the very insufficient width of em bankments often seen, and of the inferior drainage of our roads, adding to danger aud to wear nnd tear. It is therefore real economy for railway managers to anticipato accidents by vigilant repairs. Mr. Jervis says i " As a gmeral thing, our railway bridges ate Jar short of the stability ncceuatifor safety and econo my. Many of timber ham stood as long a they should be It listed, and it is quite time they were tcjilaccd by stone or iron." Such words from such n source aro too serious to be disre garded by a public who travel as we do." Skatixo IU.TntNS Tho following figures show the number uf persous who have availed themselves of tho skating privileges on Central Park ponds, for the past two years. During tho winter of 1839 and 18C0, the total number was -182, COO; the greatest number on any ono day was tho 2Glh of December, numbering 100,000. During the skating season just past, tho aggregate number reached 1,085,700; tho greatest number present on any one day was 103,000 on lho i7th of February. Notwith standing the skating soason of-1800 and 18G1 was shorter by eleven days than that of 1859 and 18G0, the number of visiters has been more than doubled in the aggregate. The former season was of thirty soveu days duration, while the one just closed was but twenty-six. Tho proportion of la ly visitors has also boen much greater. K. 1". Commercial. EoriopEAN Politics. Public attention con tinues its eager gaze at Italy, whenever the Srospccts of war are discussed. It is pretty cvi ent that, ere long, Napoleon will abandon the protection which he has given to tho Pope, since 1848, leaving that Pontiff to scttlo mat ters with Victor Emmanuel ns best he can. In a shoit timo Victor Emmanuel will solemnly assume thu title of Kiug of Italy. He appears inclined to act wilh discretion and modeialion, and has probably influenced Garibaldi to the adoption, for the present, of similar views. Ho will endeavor to cieute a powerlul Italian army, winch is tho best security against aggression. Austria, if let alone, will scarcely btcoino his assailan', and the threatened revolution in Hun gary will occupy her attention for somo lime. The cud, wo dare say, will bo the sale ol Ve-ne-. tin, which will enable Victor Emmanuel to round off his kingdom very handsomely. Shuuld ihe expected revolt in Hungary be come serious, there is reason to think that Russia mny interfere, unless Prussia, which is very warlike just now, should take thu initia tive iu defence ut Austria, trance is prepared for v.ar, which England will endeavor to avoid. What Italy wants is test. Nations, like indi viduals, must sometimes pause to recupeiate. Five j ears ol peace would make Italy prosper ous once more tho very garden ol Europe. But pence ciuuot bo secured, for some time at least. Philadelphia Piess. Our Ministers to Mexico have been, from the beginning of lho legation, of tho same obnox ious sort ns the majority of those recently sent to Spain. Of the (ilieen who havo been ap pointed, eleven have been slaveholders, includ ing the uutouous traitois, John blidellof Louis iana, and John Forsyth uf Georgia. In the present crisis, tho mission lo Mexico may be come tho most impoitniit of all in cur loreiga relations, and it is fortunate that so alio and skillful a statesman as Mr. Corwin has been selected for tho responsible bisk of counteract ing in that quarter lho filibustering projects of the Southern Confederates. As long ngn at 184b, wiuiu in tnu Senate, Mr. Uorwin clistiu guU'ued himself by the force nnd inrnestness with which ho opposed the acquisition of terri tory to increase the nrcn of slavery, nnd his denunciation of the war waged nn Mexico for that purpose will long lie remembered for lis vivid eloquence, and it is well known thnt he has since given his attention specially to the subject of tho Mexican policy of tho United States. N. Y. Tiibune. HENRY CLAY UPON THE CRITTEN DEN PROPOSITIONS. " And now, sir, coming from n slave State, as I do, I owe it to myself, I owe it to truth. I owe it to tin subject, to state that no earthly power could induce me to vote for a specific measure for the introduction of slavery whero it had not before existed, cither South or North of that lino. Coming as 1 do Irom a slave state, it is my solemn, deliberate, and well matured deter mination, that no power no earthly power shall compel mo to vote for tho oositivo in troduction of slavery either South or North of that line. Sir, while vou rcpioach, and justly too, our British ancestors, for the introduction of this institution upon tho continent of Ameri ca, I nm, for one, unwilling that tho posterity of tho present inhabitants of California and New Mexico shall reproach us for doing just v.hat we reproachGreut Britain fordoing to us. If tho citizens of those Territories choose to establish slavery, I am for admitting them with such provisions in their Constitutions; but then it will bo their own work, and not ours, nnd their posterity will havo to reproach them, und not us, for forming Constitutions allowing the institution of slavery to exist among them." lltiny Clay'sspeech m the Senate, Jan. 20, 1830. GEN. JACKSON ON NULLIFICATION. Vasuiotox, May 1, 18JJ, I haye had a laboiious tusk here, but nullification is dead, and its actors and courtiers will only bo reuiembeied by the peo ple to bo execrated for tht ir wicked designs to scvci nnd dustroy tho only good Government on the globe, and that prospenty and happiuesswo enjoy over uveiy other portion ol the world. Unman s gallows ought to be the fate of all suck ambitious nun, who would involve their coun trj iu civil war, nud nil the evils in its truin, that they might reign and ride, on its whirl wit ds, and direct lho norm. Tho free people of these United States have tpuLeu, and con Bigncd tlii)-" wicked demagogues to their proper doom. Tuke taio of join ntilliliers; vou huve them nniongjou; let them meet wiiii the in dignant lioiviis' of evciy man who lovis his country, 'ihe tariff, it is now known, was a ineio prctoxt. 'Iherefou-, lho tariff was only thu pretext, uud disunion aud a South- ern Confederacy tho real object The next pretext will bo tho negro or slavery ques tion. Axdrktt Jackson. COLONEL BENTON1 ON THE SLAVERY AGITATION. From vol. If of "Thirty Years In the Senate." "Tho regular innugurulljii of this slavery agitation dates from the vear 18.15 ; but it had commenced two ymrs before, nnd in this way i nullification and disunion had commenced in 1830 upon complaint against protective tariff. That, being put down in 18311 under President JnckBou's proclniinlloii und energetic meas ures, was immediately substituted by the slavery agitation. Mr. Calhoun, when he went home from Congress in tho spring.of that year, told his friends ' that the South could never be uni ted against the North on the tariff question that the sugar iutet est of Louisiana would keep her out aud thai the basis of Southern union must be shifted to the slate question.' Then all the piipm in his interest, and especially the one nl Wnshiugton, published by Mr. Duff Green, dropped tariff agitation, and commenced upon shivery, nnd in two years had the rgi talion ripe lor inauguration on the slavery ques tion. And, iu tracing this ngitation lo its pres ent stage, and to comprehend its rationale, it is not to be lor.'olteu that it is n mere- continuation of old tariff disunion, nnd preferred because mora available." NEWS ITEMS, APiiEiiiCTiox Vruii-iEn. In 183C wo said thetime woulj conic when uny man who should oppoec Ihe leopening of (he African slavotrado would be denounced as an abolitionist. Such a timo crime a vcur ugo. In the lust Presiden tial canvass we- euid tho liinu would soon come when every man who opposed the dissolution of the Union would bo denounced ns an aboli tionist, Such a time has como now. Louis title Join ttal. Co i.leo k Rebellion-. Sixty students re belled in the College of St. Charles. Parish St. Landry, La., the oilier day. At a given signal, immediately on the conclusion ol grace, they arose, each one smashed I).s plate and glass, and then they overthrew the table. They im mediately left for their homes. Most of them aro young men grown. A Cure for Slhter 8idewalK8. The Niagara Falls Gazelle tells a story of two young ladies who were promenading along the street recently, when one of them slipped and camo down on the icy pavement "liken thousand of bricks." Jumping quickly up, she exclaimed, sotlo voce, " Before another winter, I'll hnvo a man to hang to j see if I don't I " Important to Orncs Seekers. An enter prising individual in Troy, N. Y., advertises to furnish aspirants for cfhtc with signatures to petitious at tho rate of one dollar a hundred. SixocLAit CoixcinEN-CE It is said that Major Audcrson, holding Fort Sumter, Lieut. Slemmcr, holding Fort Pickens, nnd Capes. Hill and Riekctts, holding forts in Texas, all belong to tho first regiment United States ar tillery. Tho lights at Mobile Point and Sand Island hnve been extinguished by order of the Com mander of Fort Morgan. Tho prevailing opinion among tho lcadiug masters of the Royal Geographical Society is favorable to the idea ot the North Atlantic telegraph cable as proposed by Colonel Schuflutr. On Wednesday, ono of tho richest veins of oil thnt has ut been discovered was struck in Walnut Bend, Venango county, Pa. The well is situated on tho north side of the Alleghany river. When lho vein was struck, nothing un usual occurred ; but ns soon as they commenced pumping, ihe oil flowed spontaneously, uud now contiuues flowing, jielding six barrels per hour of pure oil. and could be made to yield more if the proprietors had sufficient vat room. This well is iwo hundred and sixty-five feet deep. A lady of Pittsfield, Mas., received a valen tine, ut which sho was somewhat indignant, and was about to tluow it in ihe stovo un upencd, but was persuaded to opou il, when it was found to contain $50 ftum an old friend and employer. A fumily named Pate, residing in Spoltsylva nia county, Va., near the Orange County line, has lost seven children by diphtheria within tho last three weeks. The father nud mother have thus been bereft of their entire offspring, the youngest, an infant, dying Ia3t. An improvement has beou made in sugar rc'finiiijr in New York, bv which srrun null from common muscovado molasses is pro nounced by sugar refiners who havo tested it, as being nearly, if not equal, to sugar-house syrup vvhii h is sold foi family use. The pro cess of refining involves an expense of about one cent per gallon, and the value is increased about seven cents per gallon. The process is entirely mechanical, no ucid being used. So far as heard from, the Republican major ities ut the election in New Hampshire yester day nre not materially different Irom those of the Presidential election hiit year. All the Republican candidates for Congress are elected, and the Republicans have carried four of tho five Councillors, eight or niuo of the twelve Senators, and, so far ns heard from, 107 Rep resentatives to 27 Democrats. ;V. Y. Trtlnns. Tho tender of the Livci.,ool consulate to Speaker Littlejohn is a well-merited nnd sub stantial compliment to an cnrnoit, efficient, and devoted Republican, and a capable and up right man, who will discharge the duties of tho office with an intelligence and fidelity credita ble to himself and tho country. Albany JCvc. Join tial. Anothvb Mysterious Voyage. Tho Uni ted States Bteamship Star of tho West sailed yesterday afternoon, from Pier 29, foot of War ren street, at about four o'clock. Her destina tion was not mndo public, not even the hands who shipped on board knowing whero they were going. For this reason, much difficulty was experienced in getting her full complement of men. 'lho lading consisted of coal and pro visions. Ar. V. Sun, 13A. In lho Georgia Convention, n resolution has been adop'cd, requesting tho Governor lo oiler n reward of $500 each for tho following works, to be written or compiled by citizens resident in tho Confederate Stales of America, viz : A Spelling Hook for the uso of Common Schools, an Arithmetic, nn English Ginmniar, u Geog ruphy, nnd two Rending Books, one for begin ners nnd for moro advanced scholars; tho prize to be awardid by a committee appointed by the Governor, nud the books selected, to bo published and printed vviihin the confederacy, und the copyright to bo owned or disposed of by lho uuthois or compilers of tho several v, orks. The Nashvillo llantter says that lho following paragraph is a specimen ol the general charac ter ol thu business letters received iu that city Irom citizeus under Jeff. Duvis's Government i "This infernal secession basinets, I nm fenrlul, will mm the cuuntry. It was Certainly conceived in 8 it and born in iniquity Us father's eldest sou tho Devil; and 1 have no doubt ull the little Devils, together with the Enquire, are now having a good timo over it,"