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The national Republican. (Washington, D.C.) 1860-1862, March 15, 1861, Image 2

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MT Oar publication odjco is on Seventh
, treef, adjoining Adamsoti's periodical Depot,
'and opposite the General Poet Office.
NATIONAL REPUBLICAN.
Friday, March 15, 1801.
THE INAUGURAL.
Copies of the inaugnrat address, in pamphlet
form, can to had at this office. Price, fifty
cenu per nunureo. .
All tho accounts which reach us from Ten
nessee are of a most cheering character. Se
cession has no hold upon the sympathies of
her people, and in no event will she desert thn
stars nnd stripes.
The following is an extract from a letter re
ceived at this office, yesterday, from Kingston,
Roane county, East Tennessee :
"The Inaugaral gives general satisfaction
in Tennessee. It is lookeu upon ns breathing
proper sentimonts, firm nnd conservative. Ten
nessee knows her duty. She knows her inter
est, and she will faithfully perform tho one,
and firmlr abide by and preserve the other."
It is denied in official quarters that any un
usual naval display is intended to be made in
Southern waters. The fitting out of vessels in
Northern ports is staled to be for the purpose
of bringing the twenty-five hundred troops
away from Texas.
The President yesterday nominated Jacob
T. Halderman, of Pennsylvania, as minister
resident at Stockholm.
The Senate yesterday confirmed tho follow
ing nominations:
Cassins M. Clay as minister to Spain ; W.
N. Allen, Nathaniel Green, and Francis Blake,
u officers in the navy; Julius Miere, Alexan
der W. Starke, nnd D. M. Cohen, as first lieu
tenants in the Marine Corps ; James Forney
of Pennsylvania, and Louis M. Goldsborough
of District of Columbia, as second lieutenants.
jagThe Pennsylcanian says:
" The studious and complete exclusion from
tho Senate committees of all Senators from the
seceding States is a very decided official recog
nition of the fact of secession."
By no means, however, a recognition that
" the fact of secession " is an accomplished one,
but simply that these Senator) have withdrawn
from the Senate, and consequently cannot take
part in the deliberations of the body. In ac
cordance with which fact, by the adoption of a
resolution offered by Mr. Clark, and which Mr.
Fessenden accepted as a substitute for his of
xpnlsion, tho Senate yesterday directed that
the names of these Senators be omitted from
the roll.
BQ The States and Union seems to make
itself unnecessarily unhappy about the city ap
pointments. We have certainly no objections
to its making any suggestions which it deems
proper in the premises, and Mr. Lincoln will
doubtless givo them all the attention which
their intrinsic importance demands. It would
be well for onr contemporary to bo better ad
vised in relation to facts which it states so con
fidently. " We learn on good authority " that
its report in yesterday's issue of a conversation
between the President and Mr. Clephano is in
correct in every particular no conversation nt
all on the subject roferred to having ever taken
place.
SUPREME COURT.
Chief Justice Taney pronounced tho opinion
of the Court on the mandamus asked for by
the Governor of Kentucky ngainst the Gover
nor of Ohio, to compel tho latter to surrender
a fugitive from Kentucky, holding that tho de
manding State has a right to have every such
fugitive returned ; that the Governor of Ohio
has no right to go into the question as to
whether the act of which the fugitive is ac
cused is or is not criminal in Ohio, provided it
was a crime in Kentucky, and it i the duty of
the Governor of Ohio to deliver up the fugitive
upon any proper proofs ; that the act of Con
gress of 1793 determines what evidence is to
bo submitted to the Governor; that his duty is
ministerial, like that of a sheriff or marshal ;
bnt as Congress cannot impose any Federal duty
on State officers, the good fnilh and tho con
ceivable good sense of the officer of a State is
relied on. Upon these grounds the mandamus
was refused.
A NEW SENSATION.
The New York Herald, persistently follow
ing its instincts of mischief, and resolved to
leave no stone unturned to accomplish its cher
ished object the downfall of tho Republic
after having exhausted every appliance of (lat
tery and coaxing to induce Mr. Lincoln to con
tent to the dismemberment of the Union, now
changes its tune, and resorts to bullying to deter
him from the performance of his sworn duty in
the support ot the Constitution and the laws of
the land. It now insists " that tho most ttren
uons efforts are being made to forestal hostile
action by marching an army upon Washing
ton," and " that the safety of Mr. Lincoln in
the White House may soon depend, either upon
bis desistiug from the fatal, unconcihutory
course which he and his advisers are pursuing,
upon flight, or upon tho most formidable pre
parations for defence that cuu be collected to
gether." Is the Herald seriously afraid that its South
ern circulation will fall off unless it reaches a
deeper intensity of "sensation?" or that tho
revolution, which it did all in its power to in
augurate, and to which it has given uniform
and hearty aid and support, will die out, unless
new fuel of misrepresentation and hate is ad
ded to its fire ?
We apprehend that it has over-estimated its
ability, either to "rule or ruin."
Official Journal of Ihw Cunfcrcncd Coitvontlon, hold at Wash
togtoo C.iy, rijruaiy, ISt. By Crotts J. Wright, So
litary. Wo have received a copy of tho Journal in
dicated above from that enterprising house,
French i, Ricbstoin's, 278 Pennsylvania ave
nue, where they are now prepared to furnish
all persons who are desirous of having the
f orrect report of the Peace Conference.
MR. DOUGLAS'S RESOLUTION.
Thej6luiibn-of Mr. Doiielas in the Senate
on yTednenrBr-f wo cannot hut regard as ill
timed, and liable )o serious objection. In the
first place, It requests that information should
bo furnished the Senate as to what forts in the
sreeded States " ore within the actual possession
and occupation of tho United States, by what
number of men each is garrisoned and held,
aiW whether reinforcements are necessary to
retain iho same.; and, if so, whether the Gov
ernment has tho power and mcans,"under exist
ing laws, to supply such reinforcements," kc.
It can readily bo perceived that grave consider
ations of public policy may render it inadvisa
ble that such information should be spread be
fore the Senate nnd tho country. These forts
aro within the limits of States which liavo as
sumed a hostilo attitude to tho General Gov
ernment ; they are in a stato of blockade, nnd
many of them exposed to attack at any lime.
Of course, it may be in the highest degr.-c im-
1 .i-.- .- !.. .l.. Cntaj .oitli ttn itynr-t
politic lu UCIIUUIIH lliesw uwiw ...... ... -
condition of the forts, and with tho number of
their separate armament ; whether in the opin
ion of the Government reinforcements are
needed for any of them, and what " power und
means" it has in such case to reinforce. The
leaders of revolution at Montgomery would
doubtless be very glad to avail themselves of
all the knowledge thus obtained, that they might
make their preparations, and guide their move
ments in reference to it ; but the Government
might possibly have some slight objection to
showing its hand so plainly. Fas at doccri ct
ab hostt, is an old proverb, but we can hardly
expect tho Administration to be so innocent as
to assume the office of teacher. Wo cannot
but think that it would have been us well to
have added to this part of the resolution, " if
not deemed incompatible with the public inter
ests." The resolution, in tho next place, so far as
wo can make out of the obscure language and
bad grammar in which it is reported to the
press, requests nn opinion whether the protec
tion and defencpof tho United States " make it
necessary nnd wise " to retain possession of
these forts, nnd to recapture thoso which have
been taken by the seceded States, "for the pur
pose and with a view" to tho subjugation of
these States. This is evidently n can lor a
fuller exposition of the policy of the Adminis
tration. Mr. Lincoln, on the fourth of the
present month, iu his inaugural address, made
a clear and explicit statement of this policy to
tho American people. Any new light he may
obtain with regard to his constitutiontl duty,
auy change which may take place in his views
as to the course he may deem it advisable to
pursue, will doubtless not be withheld at the
proper time from tho public, nnd will bo learned
by the practical development of tho policy of
the Government. Meanwhile tho Secretary of
War, to whom the resolution of Mr. Douglas is
addressed, may possibly feel some hesitation in
expressing his individual opinion upon tho mi's
dom of the occupation or recapture of furts,
aud in regard to tho measures which, in tho
present emergency, tho Administration, in its
united counsels, may deem it expedient to
adopt. A call upon him for information would
seem to be sufiicicnt, without asking his advice
upon the policy of the Government.
Tho resolution concludes with the inquiry,'1 if
such be the motives for recapturing nnd hold
ing the forts and other public propeity, what
military force, including regulars und volun
teers, would be necessary to enable tho United
States to reduce tho States aforesaid, nnd such
others ns are supposed to sympathize with them,
to the subjection nil 1 obedience to the laws of
tho Union, and to protect the Federal capital."
This branch of the resolution would seem to
look to some legislative provision for tho supply
of the military force, " if sich should be the
moticcs (or recapturing nnd holding the forts,"
nnd this policy should bo determined upon;
but, ns the Thittysixth Congress expire! by
limitation on the 4th of March, and tho SsmUe
is only in extra session, nnd thus incapable of
any legislation, wo do not exactly see the olijcct
of the inquiry. Action could only be tuken
upon it by Congress in both Uousca assembled
It would therefore seem that the inquiry would
bo more appropriate and pertinent then than
now. Wo should be extremely unwilling 'o be-
lieve that Mr. Dougla3 offered the resolution
with any view to embarrass the Goverr.R.'-r.t in
the present crisis, when all true patriot.", vum
out distinction of party, should seel: to strength
en its bauds for the preservation of the Federal
Union.
The Missouri Democrat thus spoaks of Hon.
John Sherman in connection with the vacancy
in the United States Senate, caused by the ap
pointment of Mr. Chase to a seat iu tho Cab
inet :
" The chairman of tho Committee of Ways
und Means would bo no unworthy eucce-sor of
Governor Chase, as the reprefentntivo in the
United States Senate, of tho greut State of
Ohio. In truth, Mr. Sherman is one of the
ublest men in tho nation, although not n very
brilliant orator. Ho grows great ns ou up
proach him, unliko so many others who ure
great only at u distance. His report on Kan
sas uffairs is a monument of his penetration,
sagacity, nnd comprehensive understanding.
To the reputation which ho acquired by thut
production, he has largely added in each suc
ceeding session of Congress. Tho experience
he haa acquired in the last six years in the
IIou3C of Representatives, qualifies him for ta
king a leading part iu the proceedings of the
Senate. Fur theso reasons, nnd especially for
his practical devotion and lofty fidelity to tho
Republican cause, we aro desirous of Eceiug
him translated to the left wing of tho Capitol.
It would be nothing more thuu n just recogni
tion of his services, while it would contribute
materially to tho strength of the Republican
phalanx in the Senate."
Forts Sumter a.vd Moultrie. A gentle
man who nriived from the South a day or two
since, relates an anecdote that was cum ut in
Georgia, though but little was .said about it in
Charleston. Thu gunners ut Fort Mould ie,
recently anchored a ric-u tierce equidistant from
Forts Moultrie and Sumter, and fired some
twenty or thirty shots at it without e fleet.
Major Anderson watched their proceedings for
some time, nnd then aiming und sighting ono
of his large guns, shivered the tierce at tho first
shot. Boston Traveller,
EXTRA SESSION OF THE SEXATE.
Thursday, Marclt 14, 1801.
Mr. Dnu;1ns moved that the Senate take up
tho resolution Ihirnluced by him ttsloTday,
calling for information in relation to the forts, .
etc.
Mr, Fessenden said it was quite obvicnistb.it '
this was a trutlcr on which tlie Senate could
not act, as it required legislation. !
Mr. Hunter expressed iho hope that the res j
olulion would be taken lip. It interested verj !
decplj thecounlrv.whicli wanted tukiuwwhtlh- j
cr they are to have neaco or war. Ilu-tlM not
ngrie with the Senator from Maine, that the
resolution was legislative in its character.
Mr. Clinginan said be had prepared a reso
lution advising tho President, by and with the
consent of the Senate, to make n treaty with
the seceded States iu relation to this very prop
erty. Sir. Douglas thought they oug'it to be per
mitted to debato tho resolution. He wanted to
show his object in introducing it was lor tho
best of all purposes.
Mr. Mason briefly advocated tho taking up
of the resolution.
Mr. Fesseudcn objected to the resolution be
cause, ninong many other reasons, he thought it
ought not to pass. It would be unwise to piss
it.
The Senate by yeas 16, nays 24 refused
to take up the resolution.
The resolution of Mr. Fe.'sendcn was taken
up, as follows :
Resolved, That Messrs. Benjamin of Louisi
ana, Brown and Davis of Mississippi, Clay of
Alabama, Miillory of Florida, and Toombs of
Georgia, having announced that they ore no
longer members of the Senate, their scats have
become vacant, and tho Secretary ot the Senate
is directed to strike their names from the roll of
members.
A debate followed, when, after several pro
posed modifications,
Mr. Clark off.-red a substitute, which Mr.
Fessenden accepted, ns follows :
Whtrens the seats of Messrs. Brown nnd Da
vis of Mississippi, Miillory of Florida, Clay of
Alabama, nnd Toombs of Georgia, ns memberB
of the Senate, have become vacant sthciefore,
Resolved, That tho Secretary bo directed to
omit their names respectively troiu the roll.
Mr. Mason offered an amendment, that thoso
gentlemen having ceased to be members ot
the Senate, tlu Secretary be directed to omit
their names fioin the roll.
Thi3 was disagreed to yeas 4, nays 24.
Mr. Clark's resolution was adopted.
The Senate then adjourned.
DEPARTMENTAL.
The U. P. Mediterranean Scjuadrox.
The Navy Department is in receipt of dis
patches from Commodore Bell, tommnndiug
this squadron, dated II. S. dag-ship Richmond,
Messina, Feb. 1G, which stato that the " Iro
quois " arrived ut Naples on the 30th of Janu
ary, where she still remains. Commodore Pal
mer states that conspiracies and arrests daily
occur, ami tho slate ot nll.urs is very unselllea,
so that travellers aro afraid to como to Naples
and spend a portion of the winter in that lino
climate, ns is usual.
News of tho surrender of Gactahad been re
ceived there, nnd immediate demand madu on
the commanding general of the citadel at Na
ples, to givo up his position, which ho refused
to do until he should receive such instructions
from his King, Francis II. Should the com
mander of the forts refuse to stirrcudcr, ho will
be driven out of his hold as soon us guns can
bo obtained from Gnetn for that purpose.
At present there aro but three men-of-war in
port, oim English, one French, nnd one Aiiit
lean. They are till mooied between the citadel
and the city of Messina, but will havo to move
ns i-.oon as hostilities commence.
On tho loth of February, an accident oc
curred on boatd ho Richmond, caused by ono
of tho lifts whi-.-li supported the yard being
carelessly cast off, b) which John Fitzgerald,
a seaman, wai killed, und Joseph Heimings,
sramau, aud Lorenio Mc-isim., musician, wcro
seriously injured.
Removal and A rroixTMENT. Joseph S.
Wilson, Commissioner of the Land Ollice, has
been removed, and J. M. EOmuuds, of Michigan,
appointed iu his place.
Resigx.uiox au Appointment. Charles
S. W tilth, chief clerk of the Navy Department,
has resigned, and II, lieriicu, of New Voik,
appointed in his place.
A SOUTIIERN PROPHECY.
On tho fust outbreak of leb.'lliou iu tho
South, ft Carolina newspaper uttcied the fol
lowing prediction:
'The Northern people have an enemy at
their own doors, mho wdl do our work for us,
if we are not insane enough tj take their myr
midons off lheir hand.s. "The winter of their
discontent1 is but beginning to dawn. They
havo a long, dark winter of cold and hunger
impending over their heads; before it is over,
Oicj will hive million of operatives icittoul
woik, and without bread. In all human pioba
bility, before another summer aelts their ice
bound lulls, blood hamuli blood Kill Iiave
flowed in their iticels. When cold nnd hunger
1,'in their work, tliit deluded nibble will jfc
alnii at 1'ie doors of the rich, with pike aud
fiiebrand in their hands. Our Northern ene
mies will tin n find that they have business
enough at lhair own door.?, without troubling
themselves about keeping forts on Southern
soil. ''J hey havo got tl.o wolf by tl.o ears,'
aud they have u fair piospcct of being bit, un
less we aro cbniitublu enough to tako the lunst
off their hands. If the Xorth can furnhh
bread for its paur.crsfur the Mxtfuc months,
will. If net, iliiir rulers will uuswer for it in
blood. It wus simply the want of bread that
brought Louie XVI to the guillotine; and New
York, as well as Paris, can furnish her 'iherngu
do Maricourt, who may sing her carmaijuolc up
Broadway, with Seward's head upon n pike.
Our Northern enemies aro locked up with their
million of operative:! for tho winter, nnd how
they aie to be kept quiet no man can till."
Tho winter is over, and spring opens cheerily
with brightening prospect for tindc. It u the
testimony of ptisons familiar with tho statis
tics of the poor iu our principal eilios, that
there has been less suffering tho ra-.t winter
than in many Inrmer years. Tho deposits of
tlie savings onnivs imvu meiiuny guinea upon
the withdrawals, even during the winter
months. Nowhere iu the North has thero been
n mob of tho needy, denial, ling bread. Tho
onlv mobs in Northern cities have bicn thoso
got up under the auspices of the Mayors of
Philadelphia, Boston, und other places, by the
political and mercantile " myrmidons " of tho
SOUtn, to put uowu uuii ciiivtiy iutcling.s.
Even these havo miserably failed. How is it
with the wolf they have "by the ears" in
Charleston? -Y. 1. Indcpendt.nl.
The popular vote in Tennessee r.gainst hold
in" ii Convention is between thirteen and four
teen thousand. Very few secessionists wcro
elected, lu North Carolina coiisideially mora
than two thirds of tho deleguic-s dectid aro
Unionists, while tho Convention itself is voted
down by a small majority. This vote of tho
two States bordering on the cotton Confederacy
signifies that a majoiily of their people will
not so much as entertain tho proposition of
disunion.
REACTION Tl?S5ufll'trAR0LlK,A(
Tho Charles
delnliiK-ftiVe;
Tho Charlesteuj-orrnrptMiiJeiit ot the Phila
atitrBulleJui, under date oY.Mnrch 4, sayi
" 1 haveNo-nigbTiiet-'wytli scores, and from
tha.in I know of hundreds more, who have been
called back to reasou nml to itnty by tlie na
tional and cJoqucb' terms of the inaugural.
Seveial men have oaid to me to-night, ' wo'
have worn tin mask long enough we hnie
not dured to speak, and xearcelybreatho tho
nnmo of our own country, but our" hearts ore
with the Union and Tlie Constitution, and our
sympathies are, with tho policy and principles
e'liunciafed by Abraham Lincoln.'
"I have just left n company of somo sixteen
intelligent me n, mauyof them natives of South
Carolina. The complete message was brought
in, and I was requested to read it. These men
were no politicians, and heard it read with ra
sped and thoughtfulness, and as I read tho
beautiful utterances with which it closed, every
eye was dimmed with tears ; and ono man, al
most losing that command over his language
which is nocejsary herd , exclaimed, ' God
blens Abe Lincoln,' und the prayer met witli
a response in every heart.
"1 rcprat it, this is important nnd vnluablo
news from Charleston, nnd I rejoice that I am
hero to witness it. Onlv yesterday in fact
this very morning 1 could see no possible
way in which tho country could be reunited ;
anil tho skies seemed getting darker still, but
to-night the words of Abraham Lincoln aie
kindling patriotism, love, aud national prido,
iu thousands of Southern hearts; and 1 know
and feel that they will return to their duty,
their nllegiance, aud the enjoyment of their
rights."
Lieciexaxt Stammer's Operation's at
Font Pickexs. The Mobilo Aduerliser of tho
Sth instant thus alludes to the important move
recently made by Lieutenant Slemmer, in
erecting a sand battery to tho eastward of Fort
Pickens :
" The sand battery defends tho only land ap
proach to Fort Pickens, which stands on tho
extreme westward point of Santa Rosa Island.
Tho island is Bomo forty miles long, but very
narrow, iu some places being uot more than a
third of a mile in width. Tho battery stands
on a narrow part of the island, and is an effect
ual outpost to prevent surprise from n storm
ing force.
'If we are to come to blows'with Lincoln's
Administration, we shall want to tike Fort
l'ickens, nnd will try; nnd as we navo no navy,
and our batteries on the main land rau only
play at long taw with that powerful island for
tress, which can more than hold its own at that
game, nnd destroy any nttacking force ap
proaching in boats, the most feasible method
of attack is to throw a powerful force on tho
Santa Rosa Island, several miles to the cast
ward, crossing them over from the main land
across n sound about a half a mile, more or
less, wide. Onco on the island, their pro
gramme would be to rush down on Fort Pick
ens, nnd take it by overwhelming assault.
" Wo understand that Slemmer has taken
every care and precaution in his power to
strengthen his defences on the island sido of
the fort, nnd now we aro advised that ho has
provided an outpost of defence ; and if it bo
nothing more than a station for picket guards,
it will answer the purpose of effectually pre
venting anything like a surprise. Tho island,
however, affords tho facility of making regular
siego approaches by an attacking force, and
jet this force could be excessively annoyed in
the day time by the shot nnd shell of a squad
ron playing upon them iu flank from the gulf
or bay. Wo nope ,tho worst will not come to
tho worst, and that we shall get tho fort easier
than viet arm is; ; but if wo do not, this sand
battery of Lieutenant Slemmcr's is a matter of
interest, and will play a part of somo import
unco iu an attack on tho only plan in which
wo can quickly gain possession of Pickens."
The Late Elections. For manv weeks
past the Democratic papers and orators havo
been load in their predictions tlmtnt the spring
elections in thn Northern Slates the public sou
timent would exhibit itself in ft greatly reduced
Republic-til vote. It has been constantly as
seited that thu efforts of tho secessionists, tho
compromisers, and the so-called peace makers,
would force the North to nn abandonment of
its principles ns proclaimed in November last.
The absurdity of tho supposition is strikingly
shown iu the returns of tho New Y'rrl; town
and New Hampshire Stato elections. Tho only
change from the vote of last full is n decided
Republican gain in many districts. The threats
and clamors of the crest-fallen nnd demoralized
Democracy havo been of no avail. Tho peoplo
fully comprehend their insincerity, nnd boldly
re-iteialo u determination to nbido by the wise
nnd wholesomo doctrines proclaimed in Iho
Chicago platform nnd upheld by Abraham Lin
coln. N. Y. Post.
Virginia Sentiment. Tho Committee on
Federal Relations in the Virginia Stato Con
vention has submitted four different reports ;
the majority, consisting of twelve members,
recommending peace measures nnd an attempt
to adjust the questions of national policy upon
n compromise basis ; the first minority report,
by Governor Wise, dissenting from the major
ily, and demanding tho full recognition of and
full protection for slavery ; the second, signed
by James Harbour, recommending the appoint
ment of Commissioners to proceed to Mont
gomery, to confer with Jeff. Llavis& Company;
nnd the third, by Messrs. Ilarvie, Montague,
und Williams, taking ground in favorof imme
diate secession. The committee is, therefore,
divided into four sections twelve in f'uvor of
peaco and Union, mid five, all told, ngaiust it.
1'he Conv-utiou has not yet acted on the re
port". Mr. Summers, ono of the delegates to
the Woshingtqn Conference, yesterday, made n
powerful speech in defence of tho pe-uc
I peace propo-
unions auopleu by tliit body.
The Emperor Navoleox axd tue Pope.
Tho Paris correspondent of the London Vaily
A'ctrs 6ays :
' In corroboration of my statemont that thn
diplomatic relations between France and Rome
were worse than ever, I may mention nn ac
credited rumor of the recall of tho Duke do
Grammont by way of an answer to the slight
implied by the prolonged absence from Pails
of Monsignoro Saccoui, In that hypothesis,
M. Delacour would be sent to Rumo on a tem
porary mission without any official title. It is
said that General do Goyou complains that he
cannot get so much as n civil answer fiom tho
Papal authorities when he has occasion to up
lily to them in the ordinnry course of his duties.
There does not, however, seem to be nny nearer
prospect of tho evacuation of Rome by the
French -, on the contrary. 1 hear that the com
missariat them has just been ordered to pro
pare 0,000 additional beds."
The pony cxpree, with California dates of
February 'il, passed Fort Kearny on Tuesday
morning. Tho Legiiluturc, which adjourned
over fiuiii the 2let to tho 21ith, had icasscm
bled, but had transacted no Important busiuesu,
Tho reconstructed Democratic party caucus
hud been able to collect only forty-four members,
which was regurded as quite unfavorable to
tho prospects of Geneinl Denver for the United
States Senate. ship. Efforts were being mudo
to secure a compromise candidate acceptable
to the Republicans and Douglas Democrats.
JV. Y. Tribune.
BY TELEGRAM.
Governor Houston Refuses to Recogniso
the Stato ConvcfititTh, etc.
Gahciion, Mutch 11. Governor Houston
has refused to recognise the StatesConvention.
lie considers that its functions terminated in
submitting the secession ordinance to tho
people. He tells tho Convention that he aud
the Legislature, which meets ou the 18th inst.,
will nttend to public questions. He favors tho
holding of a Convention to change the Stato
Constitution, but opposas Texas joining tho
Southern Confederacy. The Convention iu reply
have passed an ordinance claiming full sover
eign powers, promising to consummate as
speedily as possible the connection of Texas
with the Confederate States.-
Tho Convention will at once rcquiro all ofK
cers of the State to take an oath ot allegiance
to support the new Government and carry out
tho Convention ordinances. It is reported that
Clark will be put in Governor Houston's
place, if tho latter refuses to take the oath. It
is also reported that Governor Houston is rais
ing troops on his own account. Fifteen hun
dred Texan troops are at and near Brownsville.
lirazos, March 6. Arrangements have been
made for tlie Federal troops to leave ns soon
ns means of transportation shall bo provided.
Tho steamer Daniel Webster is waitiug outside.
Senatorial Nomination in Pennsylvania.
t, i rr l in -i-L l...i.l.n...
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Legislative caucus to night nominated Hon.
David Wilmot for United States Senator, in
place of Hon. Simon Cameron. The election
takes place to morrow.
The first ballot stood : Wilmot, 70 ; Ketchutn,
13 ; Campbell, 8.
William II. Welsh will receive the courtesy
of tho Democratic vote..
New Hampsliiro Election.
Concord, March 13. Ono hundred and
thirty-six towns give Berry, (Rep.,) for Gov
ernor, 20,005 ; Stark, (Deni.,) 21,509: scatter
ing, 104. The Republicans have elected to
tho Lcgislaturo 115 and tho Democrats 50
members.
Pennsylvania .Senatorial Election.
Harrislurg, March 14. David Wilmot was
to-day elected to tho United States Senate, in
place of Mr. Cameron, resigned. The voto
stood :
Senate Haul. Tbtal
Wilmot ... 20 69 95
Welsh ... fi 29 34
ICctcbum . 1 0 I
Wilkes ... 1 0 1
Wilmot's majority 69.
Virginia Convention.
Richmond, March 14. Mr. Tyler closed his
speech today, against the adoption of the Peace
Convention propositions, as the basis of a bor
der State Conference. He desired Virginia to
put forth an ultimatum, demanding lull and
ample security, ns tho only condition of re
mauiing in tho Union. Ho thinks such se
curity, if guarantied, might ultimately bring
back the cotton States. Virginia cannot exist
without them.
The speech was generally conciliatory, but
unequivocally for Southern rights.
Tho propositions wero referred to the com
mittee. Tho Convention agreed lo take up the report
of tho Committeo ou Federal Relations to-mor-
Secession Demonstration in Virginia.
Petersburg, March 13. Petersburg voted
to-day to instruct her delegato in tho Conven
tion to vote for tho secession ordinance. The
majority for the instruction was 51. The polls
will bo kept open to morrow, when the friends
of secession expect to greatly increase their
majority. The secessionists are parading tho
streets with music. There is a largo crowd,
and the excitement is great. Messrs. Pryor,
Stringfcllow, and others, are to speak at eight
o'clock this evening.
The Georgia Stato Convention.
Savannah, March 13. The Georgia Stale
Convention has transferred the forts, arsenals,
arms, und munitions of war, to the Government
of the Southern Confederacy.
An ordinance, bus also been passed, appropri
ating half a million of dollars for the support
of tho Government, and authorizing the Gov
ernor to issue seven per cent, bonds for that
amount.
Tho report cf tho seizure of the Northern
stock in tho Macon Western Railway, is denied.
Tho President of tho road, Isanc Scott, Esq.,
says there is no foundation for tho repoit.
Massachusetts Personal Liberty Bill.
Dostun, March 13. The personal liberty bill
which passed the State Senate last week, passed
tho Uouso of Representatives to-day, ufter a
warm debate, by a voto of 81 to 45.
The bill modifies the present law materially.
There is no doubt thu Governor will sign it.
John Cochrano in Richmond.
Richmond, March 13. Hon. John Cochrane
arrived hero this evening, nnd was serenaded
to-night at tho Fxchango Hotel by n tremen
dous crowd, headed by Smith's band, Mr.
Cochrane appeared and responded to tho calls
in an eloquent Union speech. Ho said Vir
ginia now held tho destinies of the nation in
her hands; nnd whatever policy she adopted,
New Yoik would uphold her in. Virginia bad
only to present her ultimatum to New York es
n final one, nnd New York would sustain Vir
ginia, and sho should have her rights guarantied
to her. Ho was loudly applauded while speak
ing. Later fiom Europe.
Keio York, March 14. Tho steamship Etna,
from Liverpool on tho 27th, nrrived hero this
morning.
Tho Anglo Saxon nnd Vigo had nrrived out.
Nothing has been heard of the Australasian.
During n debato iu the Houso of Commons,
Lords Russell nnd Pulmerston strongly depre
cated tho policy of America in preventing the
right of search, aud permitting a prostitution of
its fbg.
Mr. Bnxton. in the samo body, expressed
his fears that the Southern Confederacy would
revive the slave trade, and hopd that Eugland
would never recogniso the sovereignty of the
Confederacy, without an express stipulation
against such a course of conduct.
The ship Gen. Parkhill,from Liverpool, bound
to Charleston, S. C, hud returned. Shortly
after leaving Liverpool, it is alleged that the
crew killed Capt. lyke, and seiiously injured
the mate. The crow wero arrested.
M. Thouvenal hud officially assured the
American Minister that no delegate from any
Southern Statu of America had been received
by tho Emperor and himself.
Commercial. The Liverpool cotton market
for two dnjs closed quiet, aud quotations wero
barely mi.intnined. Sales for two days, 15,000
bales, speculators and exporters taking 4,000
bales.
Brendstuffs wero quiet and steady.
Provisions wero dull.
Consols closed at 91 91 J. Thero had
been no change in bank rates of discount.
The Etna brings 200,000 in specie, and
200,000 to 300,000 more had been booked
on the Arabia's manifest.
Naval Intelligence, etc.
Ken York, March 14. The storeshlp Sup
ply and gun-boat Mohawk aro anchored at
Quarantine. A ."now rlormis prevailing here.
Tho Petersburg Election.
Petersburg, March 11. The voto today, for
and against instructing our delegates to vote in
thu Convention for secession, resulted in 730
for such instruction, nnd 073 ogainst it a gain
of twelve since yesterday, Thu polls close to
morrow. There is extraordinary excitement on both
sides. We are to have speaking Again to-night,
and a 'procession, with music and banners, is
parading tho streets. Tho secessionists aro
sanguine ns to tho result.
New York Mnrkcta.
New York, March 14. Cotton firm sales of
1,400 biles. Upland middling, 11. Flonr
quiet sales of 11.000'barrcl.s. Wheat firm
sales of 01,500 bushels. Kentucky white, SI. 07.
Corn firm sabs of 49,000 bushels. Mixed,
60 OBcents ; Southern while, S8 70 rents;
yellow, 08 cents. Pork heavy incss, $1i.7j;
prime, $12.50. Whisky steady nt 17 cents.
Sugar quiet. Oilenns, 0 cents; Muscovado, 4J
6 cents ; Havana, 4 0i cents. Coffee
quiet. Rio, 12 cunts; Java, 10 cents. Spirits
of turpeutino dull. Crude Wilmington, $2.70
per barrel.
Financial.
Kew York, Match 14. Stocks heavy, but
dull. Chicago and Rock Island, 58 ; Illinois
Central shares, 80 ; Michigan Southern, 30 ;
New York Central, 78 ; Rending, 41 ; Hud
son River R. 11., -15 ; Missouri C's, CO ; Treas
ury 12's, 103.
PnorosED New State of Laee Superior.
Tho project of erecting a new State out of tho
northern counties of Wisconsin, Michigan, and
Minnesota, is revived, nnd is creating much
interest among the people in that rcgiou. Tho
following is an extract from an editorial in tho
Lake Superior Guide, which presents the case
forcibly :
"The Lake Superior region, comprising tho
north peninsula of Michigan, Douglas, La
Poiute, Ashland, Burnet, Polk, and Dallas
counties, Wisconsin; St. Louis, Lake, Carlton,
nnd Pino counties, Minnesota; aud "The
Norlheru Shore," having separate interests
from tho States to which wo are attached, with
ample resources of every description within
ourselvos to form a powerful State, should be
set off by the joint action of these States nnd
Congress into a separate government. Tho
necessity for tho protection of our interests is
daily becoming moro evident from the rapid
increase of population, and in mineral and
other exports. We aro separated by vast for
ests and lakes from our respective stato capi
tals, with the distances ranging from 200 to COO
miles. A proposition of this kind met with a
favorable reception several years ago in tho
Legislatures ot two of the.su States. It ap
pears to me that the time has now arrived for
having our rights protected, and our region
recoguised as n sovereign State. To this end
I suggest to the citizens of Lako Superior tho
calling of county conventions at tho earliest
practicable moment, aud election of delegates,
to meet in Superior, lo take immediate action
in tho premises."
The Great Gaines Case Decided. Yester
day morning, Chief Justico Taney rendered tho
decision of tho Supreme Court of the United
States in the celebrated c&so of Mrs. General
Gaines. It was in her favor on all the points
involved, and was tho unanimous judgment of
tho Court. The court-room was crowded, and
Mrs. G., who was present, received tho hearty
and unfeigned congratulations of her host of
friends who wero there. Tho amount involved
is said to be somo $2,000,000, covering back
rents for Glty years, coufirmed to her by the
decision.
In tho ordiuanco of secession not long sinco
adopted by Louisiana, provision was made, that
its adoption should in no manner chango tho '
legal rights of panics to Louisiana suits pen
ding before United States courts. So that ac
tion of the Slate will uot affect her rights under
this decision. Star.
Tho ship Boston Light, Captain Holwny,
from Calcutta Sand Heads, 93 days, arrived ut
this port yesterday, with merchandise to Bas
set!, Uucon, & Co. She also brought Mr. Law
and five seumen, late of the British ship John
Lowry, of Greenock, abandoned iu the Indian
ocean in a sinking condition, these persons
constituting one ot the boals' crews which kit
the ship, having been picked up December 30,
latitude 20 30' south, longitude 00 20' east,
after being eight days lu their boat, subjected
to tho horrors of exposure and thirst under a
tropical sun.
For their kind reception nnd uniform hos
pitable treatment ou board during the remain
der of the voyago to this port, Mr. Law, for
himself nnd associates, desires to express his
heartfelt thanks to tbo noble captain, to Mr. S.
P. Edmonds, tho supercargo, and to all tho
other officers of the ship. But for fbe'r very
timely rescue, they would undoubtedly have all
soon perished. It is needless to say, that Cap
tain llolway expresses great gratification at
having beeu tho fortunate instrument of saving
tho lives of those six men. The captain's boat,
Mr. Law stales, was a good one, nnd was well
provided with food and water, and, ho thinks,
if they wcro not fallen in with, that tho boat
must have reached the island iu safety. K. Y.
Times.
Threo soldiers recently discharged from Fort
Sumter have reached this city. They report
that Major Auderson is short of fuel and pro
visions, und that tweuty-live of his men would
bo discharged from service yesterday, by the
expiration of their time of enlistment, none of
whom were disposed to re enter the nimy, JN.
Y. T,ibune. '
An agent of tho Jews of Now York, is at
Baldwinsville, N. Y., in constant attendance at
a flour mill, while 2,100 barrels of Passoier
flour is ground for the celebration of that fes
tival. Each barrel is sealed up.
The regular army of the Southern Confeder
acy will consist of eleven regiments, contain
ing 11,000 men, commanded by four brigadier
generals, and tho navy will havo four command,
ers, four captains, and 000 murines.
Mr. Lincoln received last week, from nn of
fico seeker, a petition enid to bo over two 7iiles
in length!
Tho Now Orleans papers announce the death
of the notorious George Washington Dixou.
Tho Shakers of Canterbury. N. H., havo just
executed an order for 500 cans of their famous
apple sauce, for Java.
Alabama. Extract of a letter from n gen
tleman iu Mobilo to a friend in Washington,
dated February 28th:
"Times aro looking much moro pacific, wo
think, here nnd wo uro pieatly rejoiced nt it.
My own private opinion is, that if matters aro
rightly managed, tho Suuliierii States may bo
pacified, and wo may become ono peoplo again."
Thero has been a snow drift this winter in
North Conway, N. II., so high that persons
standing on top could look down the chimneys
of the houses near by,

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